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8.2862. A bill for the relief of Mai liar ‘Dung; to the Committee on the Judiciary.


S. 2863. A bill to amend title 23 of the United States Code to provide an additional 150 miles of highway in the National System of Interstate and Defense Highways; to the Committee on Public Works.


8.2864. A bill to provide additional places for holding court in the district of North Dakota; to the Committee on the Judiciary.

By Mr. JORDAN (for himself and
Mr. Eavmi:

8.2865. A bill for the relief of Perdinand A. Hennens. to the Committee on the Judiciary.

By Mr. BYRD of Virginia:

8.2866. A bill for the relief of Estelle L. Heard; to the Committee on the Judiciary.


S. 2867. A bill for the relief of Dimitrios 'I‘yropanis; to the Committee on the Judiciary.

By Mrs. SMITH of Maine Iby requesti:

S. 2868. A bill to provide that certain written or typewritten matter, previously transmitted in the mails and the contents of which no longer possess the quality of a present communication. may be mailed as third-class or fourthclass mail; to the Committee on Post Office and Civil Service.


On motion by Mr. Yitiiaoltoticii. and by unanimous consent,

Ordered, That. the name of Mr. Pztt. be added as a coauthor of the bill (S. 2697) to amend chapters 33 and 35 of title 38, United States Code, to preserve the rights of reservists and National Guardsmen called or ordered to active duty on or after August 1, 1961.

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Mr. TOWER submitted the followintt concurrent resolution (8. Con. Res. 58) ; which was referred to the Committee on Armed Services:

Rcsolz'cd by the Senate (the House 0/ Representatives concurring), That no funds will be appropriated for the purpose of training military personnel from any Communist country or any country dominated by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.

All Communists and other representatives of enemy countries now beinu trained in the United State» lb pilots. technicians. and other military personnel shall be returned to their own lands at the earliest possible moment.

The transfer to Communist and other enemy nations of all planes and other weapons of war, and materials that may be converted to weapom of war, shall be terminated at once.

Any such material in process of transfer shall be stopped in transit and re

turned to the United States: and any and all agreements relative thereto shall be canceled immediately.

Any persons in Government found guilty of violating the provisions of this resolution shall be removed from office.

rirrumi run or venue saavica As aniun or concurs: Ann szsAroa or non.


Mr. MANSFIELD ‘for himself and Mr. Dilxsssi submitted the following resolution iS. Res. 296i :

Whereas the Honorable Cut. HAYDEN. senior Senator from Arizona. first became a Member of the House of Representatives on February 19, 1912, upon the admission of Arizona as a State of the Union: and

Whereas from such date until March 3. 1927, he continued to serve as a 3.1. mber of the House of Representatives from Arizona; and

Whereas from March 4. 1927, until the present time, he has served as a United States Senator from Arizona; and

Whereas during his long and distinguished career as a Member of Congress he has been admired and respected for his outstanding ability. courage. and untiring devotion to duty, and has been loved for his modesty. sincerity. and understanding; and

Whereas his able and dedicated service as a Member of Congress has contributed immeasurably to the welfare of the peoples of his State and his Nauontand

Whereas today, the 19th day of February 1962, marks the nfteenth anniverany of continuous service by the Ronorable Curt HAYDILN as a Member of Congress from the State of Arizona: Now, therefore, be it

Resolved, That the Senate, in tribute to his long and distinguished service to his State and Nation. extends to the Honorable CARI. HAYDEN. senior Senator from Arizona and beloved President pro tempore of the Senate, its sincere oongriitulations and felicitations on this. the fiftieth anniversary of the commencement of his service as a Member of Congrrss, and expresses the fervent wish that the Senate and the Nation may, for many years to come, continue to benefit from the wise and capable guidance and leadership which he has so long and so generously rendered.

The Senate proceeded. by unanimous consent. to consider the said resolution; and after remarks in tribute to the public service of the President pro tempore of the Senate by Mr Miinsrirui, .\1r. DIIKSZN, .\tr. Rtissztt, Mr. McCtzttAs. Mr. Hitt, Mr. SAtronsrAtt. Afr. Honmiazv. Mr Cuttson. Mr. Hotunn. Mr. Kucititt. .\ir. .‘tlURTON, Mr. McNAaiAa/i. .\tr. ROIBRTSON, .\ir. Lwsciil, Mr, Amen, Mr. JOHNSTON, Mr. Bean, Mr. Biuirtrrr. hit‘. Pitsroita, .\tr. Bviin of Vinzinia. Mr. Mrs-Dr, Mr. SrAaiutAn, Mr. Yotmo of North Dakota, Mr. Goss, Mr. TALMADGE. .\tr. YAIBOROL'GII, .\fr. Mormon", Mr Krxa. .\ir RANDOLPH, Mr. Mouse, Mr. JORDAN, .\fr. JACKSON, Mr. Pt'uiaioit‘r. Mr. Part, and Mr. CiiAvlz, together with a statement from the Vice President.

The resolution was tirzarumozisltagreed to, and the preamble was tuft-“i 10.

PIIKTIIO 0' lIlAlIXGS ON UPOIT OI‘ SHAmlC ‘Ami-ALB T0 SOYIIT~ILOC COCKrues Mr. EAS'I‘LAND submitted the follow

ing resolution IS. Res 297i; which was

referred to the Committee on Rules and


Resolved. That there be printed for the use of the Committee on the Judiciary three thousand copies of a bearing entitled "Bport of Strategic Materials to the USSR. and Other Soviet-Bloc Countries. Part 2." held by its Internal Security Submmittoe during the Eighty-seventh Congress. first session.

To run as A sour: not-exam A conrrurion or moon: ‘[0 non. cut iuivozn blr. MANSFIELD -for himself and Mr.

Diutszni submitted the following res

olution 18. Res. 298': which was referred

to the Committee on Rules and Administration:

Resolved. That there be printed as a Senate document, a compilation of tributes. together with other related material. delivered on the floor of the United States Senate. to commemorate the occasion of the fiftieth year of congressional service of the Honorable Cm throat‘. of Ariaona: and that ——additional copies be printed for the use of Joint Committee on Printing.

Um‘ "OI Til! BOL'SI

A message from the House of Representatives. by Mr. Bartlett. one of its clerks:

Mr. President: The House of Representatives has agreed to the report of the committee of conference on the dilagreeing votes of the two Houses on the amendments of the Senate to the bill i1LR.258i to amend the District of Columbia Sales Tax Act to increase the rate of tax imposed on certain gross receipts. to amend the District of Columbia Motor Vehicle Parking Facility Ac‘. of 1942 to transfer certain parting it» and other moneys to the highway fund. and for other purposes.

Aucsoucxr or ACT mutisatnc coo: or uw you rna otsntcr or cotmu

The hour of 2 o'clock pm. having arrived.

The PRESIDING OFFICER (Mr. Hicittv in the chairi laid before theScnate its unfinished business. viz. the bill 111R. 5143i to amend section 801 of the act entitled "An act to establish a code of lit-k for the District of Columbia,‘ approved March 3, 1901.

Pending debate,

On motion by Mr marina, and by unanimous consent,

Ordered. That when the Senate concludes its business today it adjourn

Pending further debate,

ANOUUIIIIT On motion by Mr. Moitsa, at 5 o'clock and 46 minutes p.m., The Senate, under ‘.18 order of today, adjourned


The VICE PRESIDENT called the Senate to order, and Rev. Bayne E. Driskill, of Fort Worth, Tex., offered prayer.

THE JOURNAL On motion by Mr. MANSFIELD, and by unanimous consent,

The reading of the Journal of the proceedings of Monday, February 19, 1962, was dispensed with.


A message from the House of Representatives, by Mr. Maurer, one of its clerks:

Mr. President: The House of Representatives has passed the following bills, in which it requests the concurrence of the Senate:

HR. 947. An act to designate the new look on the St. Marys River at Sault Ste. Marie, Mich, as the John A. Blatnik lock; and

HR. 9884. An act for the relief of certain oflicers of the naval service erroneously in receipt of compensation based upon an incorrect computation of service for basic pay.

The President has informed the.House that he has approved and signed the following acts and joint resolution:

On February 13, 1962:

H.J. Res. 612. Joint resolution making supplement appropriations for the Veterans’ Administration for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1962, and for other purposes.

On February 16, 1962:

HR. 2147. An act for the relief of Mrs. Kenneth Stultz;

HR. 2973. An act for the relief of Anthony Robert Lowry (Antonio Piantadosi);

HR. 3710. An act for the relief of Giles L. Matthews;

HR. 4194. An act for the relief of Mrs. Ann W. Edwards;

HR. 4211. An act Alessandro Bottero;

HR. 4280. An act for Dimitri Elias Sartan;

HR. 4381. An act for Walter H. Hanson;

HR. 4876. An act for Mary C. Atkinson;

H.R.5181. An act to amend Private Law 85-699;

HR. 5324. An act for the relief of Dr. Serafin T. Ortiz;

HR. 6025. An act to confer jurisdiction on the US. Court of Claims to hear, determine, and render judgment on the claim of George Edward Barnhart against the United States;

HR. 6120. An act for the relief of Francis Ainsworth;

HR. 6226. An act for Arlin David English;

HR. 6243. An act extending to Guam the power to enter into certain interstate compacts relating to the enforcement of the criminal laws and policies of the States;

HR. 6644. An act for Julius Benikosky;

for the relief of

the relief of the relief of

the relief of

the relief of

the relief of

[blocks in formation]

On motion by Mr. RANDOLPH to dis-

charge the Committee on Government

Operations from the further considera

tion of the resolution (S. Res. 288) op

posing Reorganization Plan No. 1 of


On the question of agreeing to the motion,

Mr. MCCLELLAN raised a question of order, viz, that it had not been established that Mr. RANDOLPH was eligible to make the motion.

The VICE PRESIDENT inquired of Mr. RANDOLPH whether he was for or against the resolution (S. Res. 288) of disapproval of the Reorganization Plan No. 1 of 1962.

Mr. RANDOLPH announced that he was against the proposal of the President of the United States for the creation of the new Department.

On motion by Mr. MANSFIELD, and by unanimous consent,

Ordered, That the time for debate on the motion be controlled by himself and Mr. DIRKSEN.

Mr. MANSFIELD asked and obtained unanimous consent that a call for a quorum be had without charging it against the time for debate on the motion.

Mr. MANSFIELD raised a question as to the presence of a quorum;


The VICE PRESIDENT directed the roll to be called;


One hundred Senators answered to their names, as follows:

Aiken Fulbright Morse

Allott Goldwater Morton
Anderson Gore Moss
Bartlett Gruening Mundt

Beall Hart Murphy

Be -:1nett Hartke Muskie

Bible Hayden Neuberger
Boggs Hickenlooper Pastore
Burdick Hickey Pearson
Bush Hill Pell

Butler Holland Prouty

Byrd. Va. Hruska Proxmire
Byrd, W. Va. Humphrey Randolph
Cannon Jackson Robertson
Capehart J avits Russell
Carlson Johnston Saltonstall
Carroll Jordan Scott

Case, NJ. Keating Smathers
Case, S. Dak. Kefauver Smith, Mass.
Chavez Kerr Smith, Maine
Church Kuchel Sparkman
Clark Lausche Stennis
Cooper Long, Mo. Symington
Cotton Long, Hawaii Talmadge
Curtis Long, La. 'I'hurmond
Dirksen Magnuson Tower

Dodd Mansfield Wiley
Douglas McCarthy Williams, N.J.
Dworshak McClellan Williams, Del.
Eastland McGee Yarborough
Ellender McNamara Young, N. Dak.
Engle Metcalf Young, Ohio
Ervin Miller

Fong Monroney

A quorum being present,

On motion by Mr. MANSFIELD, and by unanimous consent.

Ordered, That Mr. John T. France of the Housing and Home Finance Agency be entitled to the privileges of the floor during the debate on the pending measure.

After debate,

The question being taken on agreeing to the motion of Mr. RANDOLPH,

It was determined in {Yeas ____ __ 42 the negative ________ __ Nays .... -_ 58

On motion by Mr. MANSFIELD, The yeas and nays being desired by one-fifth of the Senators present. Senators who voted in the afiirmative are—

Bartlett Humphrey Monroney

Burdick Jackson Morse

Byrd, W. Va. Javits Moss

Carroll Keating Muskie

Case, N .J . Kefauver Neuberger

Church Kerr Pastore

Clark Long, Mo. Pell

Douglas Long. Hawaii Proxmlre

Engle Mngnuson Scott

Gore Mansfield Smith, Mass.

Gruening McCarthy Symington

Hart McGee Williams. NJ.

Hartke McNamaga Yarborough

Hickey Metcali' Young, Ohio Senators who voted in the negative


Aiken Dworahak Mundt

Allott Eastland Murphy

Anderson Ellender Pearson

Beall Ervin Prouty

Bennett Pong Randolph

Bible Fulbright Robertson

Boggs Goldwater Russell

Bush Hayden Saltonstall

Butler Hickenlooper Smathera

Byrd, Va. Hill Smith, Maine

Cannon Holland Sparkman

Capehart Hruska Stennis

Carlson Johnston Talmadge

Case. 8. Dak. Jordan Thurmond

Chavez Kuchel Tower

Cooper Lausche Wiley

Cotton Long. La Williams, Del.

Curtis McClellan Young, N. Dak.

Dirksen Miller

Dodd Morton

So the motion was not agreed to.

sumac or wmmxcrox's r/mrwru. All-‘ohm

'Ihc VICE PRESIDENT, pursuant to the order of the Senate of January 24. 1901. designated Mr. Rumour", from the State of West Virginia, to read Washimzton's Parcwcll Address on February 22 next.

CANADA-UNITED sures rsrraruullurxmay MEETING. ornwa, CANADA

The VICE PRESIDENT appolnfcd. as members on the part of the Senate to the Canada-United States Intcrparllamcntary Conference to attend the meet1118 to be held in Ottawa, Canada. from February 28 to March 4, 1.002. the followlflil! Mr. Hoausu. Mr. Loss of Louis!ana. Mr. Wnuuts of New Jersey, Mr. Dooo, Mr. l-lch'uum, Mr. Svmlvcrorl. Mrs Nat-anon, .\lr. AIKEN, Mr. DwoaSHAK. Mr. Cass of South Dakota. Mr. Havana, and Mr. Boccs.

“runs: In saunas IN rm: nacuflvk cum :1 or rm: covsnxucsr The VICE PRESIDENT lald before the Senate the following message from the President of the Unlfcd States; which was referred to the Committee on Post Office and Civil Service:

To the Congress o/ the United Sfafcs:

The success of this Government. and thus the success of our Nation, depends in the last analysis upon the quality of our career services. The lcgtslatlon onactcd by the Congress. as well as the dcclslons made by me and the department and agency heads. must all be implemcntcd by the career men and women in the Federal service. In forclgn aflalrs, national defense. science and tcchnolosy. and a host of other fields. they face unprecedented problems of unprecedented importance and pcrplcxlty. We are all dependent on their sense of loyalty and responsibility as well as their competence and energy; and just as they have rcsponsfblllues lo the Government. so docs the Government have obligations to them.

We properly establish high standards for our public scrvanls. We investigate their character and associations bcforc consldcrlng them for employment. We hire them only after they have passed difficult cxamlnaflons. We require them to abide by rigorous standards of conduct and ethics. We demand consistently high performance from them on the 30b. Accordingly. the salaries for the services they perform should be fixed under well-understood and objective standards. high enough to attract and retain compclcnl personnel. sufllclcntly flexible to motlvafc initiative and industry. and comparable with the salaries rccclvcd by their counterparts in private life. To pay more than this is to be unfair to tho taxpayers—to pay less la to degrade the public service and endanger our national security.

Unfortunately these basic standards for Federal salary systems are not met today. Too many Federal employees are underpaid in proportion to their respon

alblllues. Too many rccclvc smaller salaries than are paid by many prlvalc industries, and even by many State and local governments, for less responalblc work. Too many top-grade or supervisory Federal employees are pald little more. and sometimes even loss. than their subordinates. Too many key carccr employees are unable to afford conunucd public service.

Existing statutory I-‘cdcral pay struclures cannot be lusllflcd as sound and cquuablc. clLhcr internally or externally. Inll'rnllb'. salaries between various levels of work should be enough to provide an mccntlvc to undertake more responsfblc duties and to represent. dollarwlsc. fair differences in work requirements. Over the years. piecemeal statufory revisions-with primary emphasis on bringing the lower pay levels abreast of changes an the cost of llvlng—havc severely compressed the spread between the top and bottom salaries. The 8.8fo-l and 1240-1 salary ratios between the highest and lowest. Classification Act and postal flcld acrvlcc grades cxlstlng prior to World War II have shrunk to ratios of less than 6 to 1. making if. imposslblc to offer pay increases conalslcnl with the added responsibilities of gradeto-gradc promotion. or to offer an appropriate range of incentives within a particular grade. 'Ihcrc is little conalsfcncy or logic in the salary dlffcrcnccs bclwccn exlsung grade levels. And cmployccs paid under a “one board system. with wages bascd on the prcvalllng rates in industry. are frequently paid more than their sumrvlsors whosc salaries are fixed by the more fluid and less logical pz-ovlslorm of the Classlflcatlon Act.

Externally. except for employees pald under wagc board systems, Federal salarlcs generally do not compare favorably and cannot compete successfully with prlvutc industry. Every oblccuvc survey has demonstrated that salaried Government employees at almost even‘ work level receive less compensation. on a national average basis. than private employees performing similar work—and the creator the level of difficulty and responsibility the greater the HM) bctwccn Moral and prlvalc pay. A Federal employee beginning a professional or admlnL-stratlvc career can look forward to a maximum salary increase of no more than 4% time: his entrance salary. whereas his counterpart in private industry can look forward to an increase of at: or seven tlmcs his bcgfnnlng salary. Moreover. the Federal employee's lop salary. if he stays to reach it. will be less than half that of hls private enterprise counterpart.

Even State and local governments have passed the Federal Government. The head of a Federal Cabinet Department receive: less than the head of a New York State department-less than the average salary paid to the supcrlnlcndants of schools in cities over 500.000 populatlon. The highest paid Federal employees under the Claaslflcauon Act wolud obtain higher salaries if they were working in the Slate carccr service in

Ocontla. Ohlo. New York. Pennsylvania. Illinois. Michigan. or California, for examplHr for the dues of 8'. louls. Denver. Detroit. Ban Pnnclsco. lns An~ gclcs. and Phlladclphla.

The dlfll.ulf.y has been the lack w: both an accepted objective standard for dctcrmlmm: Mtrtl salary 1' ‘1'15 and a consistent procedure for review .fac adlustmcnt. The rsult has been a Hold)‘ attrition of valucd employees, an -.nablllty to attract many top quality collcvc graduates and. in the long run. a waste of Federal f the lnltallvc. cfllclcncy, and dedication that accompany rccocnluon and stature. and nqulrlng cnormom cxpcndltum each year to recruit and train new rcplaccmcnta for employees who leave the service for reasons of inadequate pay. We can no longer defer the necessary corrective measures or conunuc the existing lack of standards: and recent studies and measurement techniques now make possible the kind of wholly new approach that commonsense requires.


I am transmitting to the Congress wnh this message legislation designed to rcform the major statutory salary systems of the Fcdcral Government. bent-dun: all of the 1.640.000 employees throughout the world who are pald under the various Federal statutory pay plans—the Clandflcatlon Act. the Postal Plcld Fcrvxc Compensation Act. the Foreign Srrvzcc Act. and the medicine and .szzrsery salary system of the Veterans’ Admznlsfrauon. Although flat increases for lower p.14 workers are included as a fttu'ir.’ < .’ equity, the essence of fhls bill's objectlvcs Ls Pbdcral pay reform, not 5313):?‘ ;\ Pcdcral pay ralsc. \Vhcrc pay mzv-s rvsulf. from the establishment of oojwzzvc pay standards. they are prznzarziy a .rvflcctlon of the cxu-nf l0 ‘altzch Plcdcm! salaries have lagged bthlnd llzc natnnnl economy.

This proposal has two principal features:

1 It establishes a sound. objective. and continuous standard for dcfcnmnlna proper salary levels by follow-ing the conccpt of comparability-reasonable coir.parablllty with prevailing przvatc cnlcrprlsc salaries for the 533210 ‘.cvf-Ls Of work insofar as this :s pnsubfc as determined from painstaking salutary! surveys and careful lob comparisons: and

2. It establishes realistic and approprlalc salary rclatlonahlpa both wzthzr. and among the several statutory $314."; systems and each of their grade levels by following the principle of own‘. pitfor equal work. with distinctions in pay consLstcnt wlth dlstlncuons in .'v-<;)"!;\1bllty and performance.

oonuaamul ‘

Adoption of the principle of comparablllty will assure cqully for the Federal employee with his equals throughout the natlonal economy—enable the Government to compete falrly with prfvalc firms for qualified personnel—and provide a! last a loglml and factual standard for setting Federal salarlca Reflected 1n this single standard are such legitimate private enterprise pay considerations as cost of living, standard of living, and productivity, to the same extent that those factors are resolved into the going rate over bargaining tables and other salary determining processes in private enterprise throughout the country.

The principle has a history of wide acceptance. Within the Federal Government, it has been used for 100 years: first applied to navy yard workers, it is now applied to all Federal workers in trades and crafts, to employees of the Tennessee Valley Authority, and to work under Government contracts covered by the Walsh-Healey and Davis-Bacon Acts. Many State and local governments, as well as some other national governments (such as Canada and the United Kingdom) . already rely on this principle.

It should be noted in this regard that, in marked contrast to the unfavorable situation of salaried employees, the Federal pay practices affecting over 660,000 workers in the skilled trades and crafts have functioned without serious conflict or confusion. Based on prevailing rates, and set on recommendation of wage boards, their pay has been continuously maintained at levels that are fair from the viewpoint of the Government, the taxpayer, and the employee.

I have found no more sensible standard for determining Government salaries. The Advisory Panel on Federal Salary Systems, chaired by Mr. Clarence Randall, in its recent report to me called it not only equitable but valid and eminently desirable. The application of this principle permits the Government to meet its diflicult personnel needs without paying more than is necessary or less than is equitable. It was not feasible in earlier years; but now the recently introduced annual survey of professional, administrative, technical, and clerical salaries conducted by the Bureau of Labor Statistics provides the objective comparative salary data needed for setting Federal pay scales. Occupational rates paid by private employers at a given work level of dimculty, responsibility, and required qualifications can be combined into a single national average private enterprise rate for work equivalent to 2. Classification Act grade. These Classification Act rates in turn can be used to establish rates for the corresponding grades in the specialized salary systems of the Postal Field Service, the Foreign Service, and the Veterans’ Administration.


The internal alinement principle rests on two basic concepts: equal pay for equal work, and distinctions in pay consistent with distinctions in work and performance. Although these concepts are stated in the present Classification Act and are implicit in the Postal Field Service Compensation Act, the regressive and flat percentage pay adjustments of the past 17 years have gradually blotted out much of the meaning in the current pay differentials of all our salary systems.

The pay schedules I am recommending will regularize and generally enlarge the differences in salaries between successive grade levels, recognizing more appropriately the differences in responsibility involved and providing a more uniform (not less than 10 percent) progression of salary levels between the entry rates of successive grades. This will furnish a greater incentive for employees striving to prepare themselves for higher responsibilities. At the same time, these new schedules will make more meaningful the within-grade promotions for competent performances of duties, and will provide better incentives for those who spend most of their careers within a single grade, by providing wider salary ranges (30 percent except for the top two grades) within each grade, more adequate and more numerous within-grade salary steps, and more flexible use of salary steps to recognize exceptional achievement.

Other provisions aimed at improving flexibility will (1) facilitate the adjust ment of salaries to meet critical needs by competing more equally with private industry in areas or in occupations in which a shortage exists; (2) permit the assignment of positions to the upper grades of the Classification Act on the basis of duties and responsibilities, instead of arbitrarily limiting the number of such positions; and (3) create new upper grades to bring within the salary provisions of the Classification Act all those with top administrative responsibilities who are not Cabinet or sub-Cabinet oflicers or heads of separate agencies.

The new salary ranges would provide a 30-percent range between the entry rate and the highest rate in the grade for most salaried employees under the Classification Act and a 40-percent range for the lower levels of the Postal Field Service. This is comparable to the private industry ranges, which vary between 30 percent and 50 percent for each position. The pay ranges in the lower levels of the Postal Field Service are somewhat broader than those in the Classification Act, in recognition of the pattern of long service in such positions in the Postal Field Service and the need for incentives for sustained performance during the entire period of service.


To maintain the comparability principle, and to assure that other features are improved with experience, the bill provides that the President shall submit an annual report to Congress on the relationship of Federal salaries to those reported by the BLS for private enterprise, recommending whatever adjustments in salary schedules, structure, and policy he finds advisable. Where adjusments are indicated, they would be accomplished by revision of the Classification Act pay scales and by linkage of the other statutory systems to the Classification Act. A systematic annual review of this kind is essential to prevent Federal salary schedules from relapsing to their present conditions.


Reform of the existing pay schedules necessarily involves immediate adjustment of salaries at almost all grade lev— els. But both our experience in the attrition of higher salaried men and women and all objective surveys have disclosed that the gap between private industry salaries and Government salaries is the widest at the upper levels. For example: The most recent Bureau of Labor Statistics survey shows that GS-14 and GS-15 employees receive 20 percent less than those employees in private industry in comparable positions. A 1960 survey of 21 large companies by the Civil Service Commission showed even more startling disparities at higher levels. Employees in these companies performing functions comparable to those of a GS-18 received twice as high a salary as their Federal Government employed counterpart.

Yet these are the very levels in the career service in which our need for quality is most acute—in which keen judgment, experience, and competence are at a premium. It is here that we face our most difficult personnel problems. It is at these grades that we employ our top scientists, doctors, engineers, experts, and managers. Surely if so many State and city governments, as earlier cited, are willing to compete with private industry for this talent, the Federal Government, with its urgent missions to perform, can face up to this problem as well. As a practical matter, the full principle of comparability cannot be applied to the higher salary levels of government; but I consider adequate adjustment in our top executive and professional positions to be the most vital single element of correction in this entire proposal.

This reform of top career salaries will. of course, boost the pay of many civil servants to a level above that paid to their chiefs in Cabinet, sub-Cabinet, and similar positions. I recognize, however, that the salary level of these top executives has been quite properly related in recent years with the salary level of the Congress; and, while both are, in my opinion, inadequate, it is neither customary nor appropriate to either provide such increases during current terms of oflice or specify congressional increases in a Presidential message. Representatives of the executive branch stand ready, however, to cooperate with the Congress in determining what executive and congressional pay scales would be appropriate following the terms of the present incumbents.


It is important for the Federal Government to adhere to its own precepts with respect to pay adjustments in the economy as a whole. Because of the salary lag that has developed over the past 17 years, full correction of the accrued inequities in 1 year would be unwise, involving the substantial cost of more than $1 billion. This cost would come at a time when heavy budgetary demands have been placed upon us to meet great national security needs. and when the Government is urging private labor and manaitement to exercise selfrestraint to avoid the creation of inflationary pressures. Therefore, to reduce the impact in any one year on the affected 810 billion Federal payroll, where each l-percent increase costs $100 million. the plan that I recommend provides that the full 10 percent be distributed over three annual stages. beitinninl prospectively on January 1, 1963. The increase scheduled to take effect next year is clearly well within the national average productivity increase (111 the private sector) which has taken place since the last Federal pay increase‘- in July of 1960.

The substantial costs necessarily iiivolved in achieving this pay reform make it especially important that these improvements in our pay systems take absolute priority over general ixrcentaize or dollar increases of the kind we have seen in the past—increases which make little if any contribution to efficiency or economy in Government.


As I stated in my budget measane, the first requirement for efficiency and economy in Government is hiuhly competent personnel I believe that enactment of this plan for sound salary administration is fundamental to the maintenance of a standard of excellence in the Federal service, It is my belief that U115 measure, if enacted, will constituti- the most important revision and reform in Federal personnel leitislation in more than a decade. It is the most important proposal to improve the Federal service which has been presented by this administration; and I believe it is essential if we are to achieve and maintain proflciency in the Federal Government. If our civil servants are to fulfill with skill and devotion their oblit'ations to the Nation. the Nation must fulfill its obligations to the career service

Joint I’. Kass-ray.

‘his Winn Hot'sz. February 20. 1962.

raoeosm tout or NAVAL \‘ESSIILS 10 carat: AND xoau

'I‘he VICE PRI-BIDEN'I‘ laid before the Senate a communication from the Deputy Secretary of Defense. transmittinit. pursuant to law. a report of a proposed loan of naval vessels to the Governments of Greece and Korea under section 7 of the act of October 4. 1961: which was referred to the Committee on Armed Services.

lutrniav rant: CONTRACTS \vmi at'sia'tss nuts

The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the Senate a communication from the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Installations and Logistics). transmittinit. pursuant to law, a report for the month of December 1961 and the 6-month period of fiscal year 1962 on Army. Navy. and Air Force military prime contracts with small and large business firms for experimental. developmental. test. and research work in the United States; which,

with the accompanying fingers, at as referred to the Committee on Banking and Currency. reach-.5: or sttvra

'I‘hc VICE PRESIDENT laid before the Senate a communication from the Secretary of the Treasury. transmitting a draft of proposed legislation to repeal certain lt'itlslatiutl relating to the purchase of silver: which. with the accompanying paper. was referred to the Committee on lianitinit and Currency.


The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the Senate a communication from the Administrator of General Services. transmitting a draft of proposed legislation to amend section 3470 of the Revised Statutes to authorirc the heads of departments and independent aaencies to appoint agents to bid on behalf of the United States. at sales. on execution at the suit of the United States. of lands or tenements of a debtor; which. with the accompanying paper, was referred to the Committee on Government OPCI'IIUOIIS.

cntriuu use IN rat'sr ms ‘nu: OOLALA Sttit‘x mous- rain:

The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the Senate a communication from the Assistant Secretary of the Interior. transmittintz a draft of proposed lenislation to declare that certain land of the United States is held by the United States in trust for the Ottlala Sioux Indian Tribe of the Pine Riduc Reservation; which. with the accompanying paper, was referred to the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs.

CERTAIN LAND IN rat'sr roa Ill! PRAIRIE arms or POTAWAIOII worms in KAN5A3 The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the

Senate a communication from the As

sls'titllt Secretary of the Interior, trans

mitting a draft of proposed lettisiation to declare that certain land of the Ifnittd

States is held by the United States in

trust for the Prairie Band of Potawatoml

Indians in Kansas; which. with the ac

companying paper, was referred to the

Committee on Interior and Insular Af



'I'he VICE PRESIDENT laid before the Senate a communication from the Assistant Secretary of the Interior. transmittinit a draft of proixised leitislation to provide for the conveyance of certain lands of the hfifiliesota Chippewa Tribe of Indians to the Little Flower Mission of the St Cloud Diocese, which. with the accompanyini: paper, was referred to the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs

cntnis' use "no I?‘ Tltt'S‘l’ rolt rit: USLALA siot'x INDIANS

The \‘ICIZ PRES‘IDENN'I‘ laid before the Senate a communication from the Assistant Secretary of the Interior, transmitting a draft of proposed lettislation to declare that certain land of the United States is held by the United

States in trust for the Ottlala Sioux Indian 'h'ibe of the Pine Ridtte Reservation: which. with the accompanying paper, was referred to the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs.

aomirioit or nneuttv owxta us: It.) ntvits tut: siocx mans-s. .voarn :iuton

The VICE PRESIDENT laid belt-re the Senate a communication from 1:.’ As. ..~'.ant Secretary of the Interior, '.:.t:~..~m;'.tinz a draft of proposed legtslation if’ donate to the Devils Lake Sioux 'Iribe of Port 'Ibttem Indian Reen'ation. NI) approximately 275.74 at res ti fi'dz-rally owned land: which. with the accompanyinit paper. was referred to the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs

AWAID or A concussion tosrucr is \ :utrioxai. run

The VICE PRESIDENT laid before 22.1 Senate a communication from '..'.t- .-'\ssistant Secretary of the Interior, '..'.\Z_.~~ mlttinit, pursuant to law, a proposed concession contract in a national part: under the National Park Service; which with the accompanying papers. a.“ re— fered to the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs.


Mr. PROKMIRE presented a resolution of the House of Representatives of the State of Wiscomin favoring the Fi-dcral Government liberalizing the distribution of surplus commodities so iu to provide more care for the axed and helpless; which was referred to the Committee on Agriculture and Forestry.


Under authority heretofore granted the following-named Senators have been added as coauthors of the bill IS 2818! to promote the foreiitn policy of the United States by authorizina the purchase of United Nations bonds and the appropriation of funds therefor. and t.afford an opportunity for the people of the United States to participate in the purchase of such bonds, previously introduced: Mrs. Nrt'aucn. .\Ir Wittin-ts of New Jersey, .\1r You": of Ohio. .\i.-. DOUGLAS. and Mr. boat: of Rawait

ADDITIONAL ooatn'nols or serura Jom assotvrtox 116 On motion by Mr. Dmtsan. by unanimous consent.

Ordered. That the names of Mr. Ctr:ittar, .‘vil' Attorr, .\fr Porto. .\1.' Samoasriitt. .\ir Gotnwnra. .\I.' Kntnic 3.1.’. Javm. and Mr. Kt‘ciizt be added as coauthors of the ioint resolution IS J P.''\ 156! authorizing the President of '..'.~.L'nitul States to proclaim '.;'.¢- pen-f. from February 10 to 16 1163 .L\ Nut-rtliistory Week.

AXENDIENT or AC'I rsristzsitzriz tori: or tiny roa rm: DISTI-LICT or cotton“ On motion by M.— $)l\.’1t!'5 and by unanimous consent.

The Senate resumed the ciizzszdcrati it‘. of its unfinished busines. viz. the bzll (H R 5143! to amend section 801 of the act entitled “An act to establish a code of law for the D.str‘.ct of Columbia." approved “arch 3. 1901.

Pending debate,


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