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The following is from a M.S. of this reign,

which treats of the method of acquiring the * science of Music.

W opleyethe on the harpe,he sholde pleye trewe; Who syngythe a songe, let hys voyce be tunable; Who wrestythe the clavycorde, mystunynge

eschewe ;* Who blowthe a trompét, let ys winde be measurà

ble; For instromentes themselves be firmè and stable, And of trowthè woldè trowthè, to every man's

· songe, Tune them then trewly, for in them is no wronge.

* Avoid discord.

END OF PART THE SEVENTH.

ENGLAND.

ENGLAND.

PART THE EIGHTH.

From the Accession of Henry VIII. to the Union of England

and Scotland, under the title of Great Britain.

CONTENTS.

Henry VIII.-Cardinal Wolsey.- Edward VI.Mary l...

Religious Persecutions.Elizabeth.-Defeat of the Spanish
Armada.--Accession of James I.

SUMMARY SUMMARY OF THE REIGN or

HENRY THE EIGHTH,

THE FIRST ENGLISH KING STYLED

DEFENDER OF THE FAITH.

Born at Greenwich, A. D. 1491. Began to reign, April 2d, 1509. Married only six times; viz.—to Catherine of Arragon, from whom he was divorced; she died in retirement, at Kimbolton. Mary I. was daughter of this Queen. Anne Boleyn, (Mother of Queen Elizabeth) beheaded. Jane Seymour, died in child-bed of Edward VI. Anne Cleves, divorced, and died in retirement. Catherine Howard, beheaded. Catherine Parr, Widow of Lord Latimor, escaped the enmity of Gardiner, Bishop of Winchester, and others, and survived Henry, who reigned Thirty-eight Years. Died 1547, and was buried at Windsor.

• PRINCIPAL Events. Rise and fall of Wolsey. Cruelties of the King, particu. larly to his Wives. The authority of the Pope renounced. The King beheads Thomas Cromwell, a faithful minister; the Earl of Surrey, the most accomplished Nobleman of his Court; and Sir Thomas More, the most virtuous of his subjects. Splendid meeting with Francis I. of France. Monasteries suppressed. The Bible first translated into English, and placed in Churches. Cannon first cast in England; and the first Hops imported.

EMINENT Persons. Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury; Cardinal Wolsey and Sir Thomas More, Lord Chancellors; Thomas

Lord

Lord Cromwell; Gardiner, Bishop of Winchester; Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, Nicholas Lord Vaux; John Bourchier, Lord Berners; George Boleyn, Viscount Rochford; John Lord Lumley ; Edward Lord Sheffield ; the last six are in the Catalogue of Noble Authors.

COTEMPORARY SOVEREIGNS.

Popes. Julius II. 1503. Leo X. 1513, Adrian VI. 1522. Clement VII. 1523. Paul III. 1534.

Emperors. · Of Germany, Maximilian I. 1493. Charles V. 1519. Of the Turks.Bajazet II. 1481. Selim I. 1512. Solomon

II. 1520.

Kings and Queens. Of France.-Louis XII. 1498. Francis I. 1515. Of Spain. Philip I. 1504. Joan, 1506. Charles I. 1516. Of Portugal.-Emanuel, 1495. John III. 1512. Of Denmark)

and John, 1481. Christian II. 1513. Sweden. ) Denmark alone.--Frederic I. 1524. Christian III. 1533. Sweden alone.-Gustavus Vasa,* 1522. Of Scotland.- James IV. 1498. James V. 1514. May, 1542,

• Gustavus Vasa delivered Sweden from the Danish yoke; and, in recompence, was elected its independent Sovereign.

HENRY

HENRY THE EIGHTH.

« Was as fat as a Pig.”

Collins's CHAPTER OF Kings.

« This man, Sir, was a scoundrel.”

Dr. Johnson.

“ I would not have such a heart in my bosom, “ For the dignity of the whole body,"

SHAKESPEARE.

“ The moral of this tale shews plainly,
“ That carnal minds strive but vainly
“ Abogn this lower world to mount,
“ While slaves to Satan.”

ALLAN RAMSAY.

“When, thunderstruck, that eagte Wolsey fell;
“When royal favour, as an ebbing sea,
“ Like a leviathan, his grandeur left,
His gasping grandeur-naked on the sand!”

Young.

Tyrannic cruelty, voluptuous pride,

Insatiable licentiousness and guilt, So share this monarch, we can ne'er decide On what one vice his ruling wish was built.

The

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