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the deceased had resolved to have all lie | fat from the sheep, or rancid oil, is placed in ready without rent or taxes. No rain can
possesscil deposited along with him. The a niche in the wall, and a inat is spread on pass through the roof; and there is no door,
most singular among these things are the the ground; and this formed the grand divan lor there is no want of one, as there is 'no-
ornaments, in particular the small works in wherever I was. There the people assembled thing to lose. They make a kind of box of
clay and other composition. I have been round me, their conversation turning wholly clay and straw, which, after two or three
fortunate enough to find many specimens of on antiquitics. Such a one had found such days' exposure to the sim, becomes quite
their manufactures, among which is leaf gold, a thing, and another had discovered a tonb. hard. It is fixed on a stand, an aperture is
beaten nearly as thin as ours. The gold ap- Various articles were brought to sell to me, left to put all their precious things into it,
pears to me extremely pure, and of a finer and sometimes I had reason to rejoice at and a piece of mummy case forms the door.
colour than is generally seen in our own. having stayed there. I was sure of a supper | If the house does not please them, they walk
It is somewhat singular that no instruments of milk and bread served in a wooden bowl; out and enter another, as there are several
of war are found in these places, when we but whenever they supposed I should stay hundreds at their command ; I might say
consider what a warlike nation the Egyptians all night, they always killed a couple of fowls several thousands, but they are not all fit to
were. What has become of their weapons for me, which were baked in a sınall oven receive inhabitants.”
I cannot conjecture ; for in all my researches heated with pieces of inummy cases, and From Carnak part of a colossal statue of
I found only one arrow, tivo feet long. At sometimes with the bones and rags of the red granite ras carried to the boat at Luxor.
one extremity it had a copper point well fixed mummics themselves. It is no uncommon An altar with six divinities in alto relievo
in it, and at the other a notch as usual to thing to sit down near fragments of bones; from a temple at the same place, and a num-
receive the string of the bow: it had been bands, feet, or sculls are often in the way; ber of other antiquities, were also removed.
evidently split by the string, and glued to for these people are so accustomed to be Mr. Belzoni, after enumerating these articles
gether again.

ainong the mummies, that they think no and dilating on his trouble in securing them, “Among other articles too numerous to be more of sitting on thein, than on the skins goes into a long tirade upon his disputes mentioned, the beetle, or scarabæus, to all of their dead calves. I also became indiffer- with the French agents, which appears to us appearance a highly sacred animal, is found ent about them at last, and would have slept to be much misplaced in his volume; but in the tombs. There are various sorts; some in a munmy pit as readily as out of it.” exceeded in impropriety by the manner in of basalt, verde antico, or other stones, and Here they appear to be contented. which he treats Mr. Salt, without whose assome of baked clay. They are scarce, par The labourer comes home in the evening, sistance it does not seem at all probable that ticularly those with hieroglyphics on them, seats himself near his care, smokes his pipe he could have moved a single step, or made which no doubt contain some particnlar with his companions, and talks of the last one effectual discovery. We are sorry to prayers, or the conmemoration of striking inundation of the Nile, its products, and say this of a person of so much ardour and events in the life of the deceased."

what the ensuing season is likely to be. His cuterprize ; but it is as impossible in justice Lord Belmore has more than a hundred old wife brings him the usual bowl of lentils to speak otherwise, as to fancy that a traof these beetler; some of them in baked clay and bread moistened with water and salt, veller in the author's circumstances could glazed and coloured inore vividly than the and when she can add a little butter it is a have done any thing in such a country as highest modern porcelaine. line linen ; lea- feast. Knowing nothing beyond this he is Egypt througli his own means and influence. ther tanned, stained, and embossed ; coarse happy. The young man's business is to ac- It therefore looks like ingratitude to insinuate glass ; beads of various sorts ; enamelling ; cumulate the amazing sum of a hundred even in the slightest degree, any censure gilding of wonderful brilliancy and beanty; piastres (two pounds and ten shillings) to buy upon Mr. Salt, to whom we must think Mr. copper cast in sheets; a metallic composition himself a wife, and to make a feast on the Belzoni indebted for the foundation of all his like leal, but more tenacious, and similar to wedding day. If he bave any children, they achicvements. that on tea-chests; and silver ornaments want no clothing : he leaves them to them- As nothing more, however, remained to be (though rare) are among the materials enu- selves till mother nature pleases to teach done near Thebes, in consequence, as is alinerated by Belzoni, as found in the tombs then to work, to gain inoney enough to buy ledgerl, of the intrigues of the French and the and mummy pits. Precious stones are also a shirt or some other rag to cover themselves; want of support, our author on the 23d of obtained from them; and sculpture executed for while they are children they are generally May, set out for Assonan. Thence he went un four sorts of stone, the sandy, the calca- naked or covered with rags. The parents to Philæ, and bastily surveyed the ruins on reous, breccia, and granite. The author are roguishly cunning, and the children are that island, which he refers to the latest asserts that the Egyptians also understood schooled by their example, so that it becomes Egyptian era. Mr. Salt having advanced and practised the turning of arches ; but it a matter of course to cheat strangers. Would the necessary money, he next proceeded to does not seem to us that liis reasoning is con- any one believe, that in such a state of life open the temple at Ybsambul. “On his way clusive on this question. Nor arc his con- luxury and ambition exist? If any wolnan he was joined by Captains Irby and Mangles, jectures on matters which reqnire learning be destitute of jewels, she is poor, and looks and the party together celebrated the King': worthy of having much weight attached to with envy on one more fortunate than her- birth day, to the great dismay of the natives them : respecting what he has explored and self, whó perhaps has the worth of half-a-round about, who could not conceive that seen we are disposed to give him every credit; crown round her neck; and she who has a so much powder as they fired off was exbut it is evident that he is destitute of those few glass heads, or some sort of course coral, pended wiihout bloodshed and slaughter. deep endowments which are indispensable to a couple of silver brooches, or rings at her After overcoming excessive difficulties, in a just critical appreciation of doubtful anti- arms and legs, is considered as truly rich and removing the accumulated sand of ages fronu quities. We therefore pass the more willingly great. Some of them are as complete co- the temple at Ybsambul : “ on the first of from his conjectures to his picture of the quettes, in their way, as any to be seen in August,” says Mr. Belzoni, " we entereil Troglodytes of the Sepulchres. the capitals of Europe.”

the finest and most extensive excavation "°Their dwelling is generally in the pas “ When a young man wants to marry, he in Nubia, one that can stand a competition sages between the first and second entrance goes to the father of the intended bride, and with any in Egypt, except the tomb newly into a tomb. The walls and the roof are as agrees with him what he is to pay for her. discovered in Beban el Malook. black as any chimney. The inner door is This being settled, so much money is to be “ From what we could perceive at the first closed up with mud, except a small aperture spent on the wedding-day feast. To set up view, it was evidently a very large place ; sufficient for a man to crawl through. Within house-keeping nothing is requisite but two but oar astonishment increased, when we this place the sheep are kept at night, and or three earthen pots, a stone to grind meal, found it to be one of the most inagnificent occasionally accompany their masters in and a mat, which is the bed. The spouse of temples, enriched with beautifuri intaglios, their vocal concert. Over the doorway there has a gown and jewels of her own ; and, if painting, colossal figures, &c. We entered are always soine half-broken Egyptian tignres, the bridegroom present her with a pair of at first into a large pronaos, titty-seven feet and the two foxes, the usual guardians of bracelets of silver, ivory, or glass, she is long and fifty-tiro wide, supported by two burial-places. A small lamp, kept alive hy happy and fortunate indeed. The house is rows of square pillars, in a line from the

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front door to the door of the sekos. Each | inches ; the face seven feet; the beard five of celestial spirits. He asserted very strange pillar has a figure, not unlike those at feet six inches ; across the shoulders twenty- things, of his own supernatural knowledge, Medinet Aboo, finely executed, and very five feet four inches ; their height is about which he had obtained not only at the time little injured by time. The tops of their fifty-one feet, not including the caps, which of his initiation, but at other times, even beturbans reach the ceiling, which is about are about fourteen feel. There are only two fore he was born. He said he knew he had thirty feet higla: the pillars are five feet and of these colossi in sight, oue is still buried lived through two generations ; that he had a half square. Both these and the walls are under the sand, and the other, which is near died twice and was born a third time, to covered with beautiful hieroglyphics, the the door, is half fallen down, and buried also. live out the then present race, after which he style of which is somewhat superior, or at On the top of the door is a colossal figure of was to die and never more to come to this least bolder, than that of any others in Egypt, Osiris twenty feet high, with two colossal country again. He well remembered what not only in the workmanship, but also in the hieroglyplsie figures,

one on each side, look- the women had predicted while he was yet subjects. They exhibit battles, storming of ing towards it. On the top of the temple in his mother's womb; some had foretold castles, triumphs over the Ethiopians, sacri- is a cornice with hieroglyphics, a torus, and that he would be a boy, and others a girl

; fices, &c. In some places is to be seen the frize under it. The cornice is six feet wide, he had distinctly overheard their discourses, same hero as at Medinet Aboo, but in a dif- the frize is four feet. Above the cornice is and could repeat correctly every thing that ferent posture. Some of the columns are a row of sitting monkies eight feet high, and they had said. It would be too long to remuch injured by the close and heated atmo- six across the shoulders. They are twenty- late all the wild stories of the same kind sphere, the temperature of which was so hot, one in number. This teinple was nearly two- which this otherwise intelligent Indian said that the thermoineter must have risen to above thirds buried under the sand, of which we of himself, with a tone and manner which a hundred and thirty degrees. The second removed thirty-one feet before we came to indicated the most intimate conviction, and hall is about twenty-two feet high, thirty- the upper part of the door. It must have left no doubt in my mind that he did not seven wide, and twenty-five and a half long. had a very fine landing-place, which is now mean to deceive others, but was himself It contains four pillars about four feet square; totally buried under the sand. It is the last deceived. and the walls of this also are covered with and largest ten ple excavated in the solid rock I have known several other Indians who fine hieroglyphics in pretty good preservation. in Nubia or Egypt, except the new tomb. firmly believed that they knew, by means of Beyond this is a shorter chamber, thirty- It took twenty-two days to open it, besides these visions, what was to become of them seven feet wide, in which is the entrance into six days last year. We sometimes had eighty when they should die, how their souls were the sanctuary. At each end of this chamber men at work, and sometiines only our own to retire from their bodies and take their is a door, leading into smaller chambers in personal exertions, the party consisting of abodes into those of infants yet unborn ; iu the same direction with the sanctuary, each Mr. Beechey, Captains Irby and Mangles, short, there is nothing so wild and so extraeight feet by seven. The sanctuary is twen- myself, two scrvants, and the crew, eleven ordinary that they will not imagine and to ty-three feet and a half long, and twelve feet in all, and three boys. It is situated under which, when once it has taken hold of their wide. It contains a pedestal in the centre, a rock about a hundred feet above the Nile, imagination, they will not give full credit.” and at the end four colossal sitting figures. facing the south-cast by east, and about one the heads of which are in good preservation, day and a half's journey from the second “ The Indians consider the earth as their not having been injured by violence. On the cataract in Nubia, or Wady Halfa. universal mother. They believe that they right side of this great hall, entering into the "The heat was so great in the interior of the were created within its bosom, where for a temple, are two doors, at a short distance temple, that it scarcely permitted us to take long time they had their abode, before they from each other, which lead into two long any drawings, as the perspiration from our came to live on its surface.separate rooms, the first thirty-eight feet ten hands soon rendered the paper quite wet. “The Indian Mythologists are not agreed inches in length, and eleven feet five inches Accordingly, we left this operation to suc as to the form under which they existed wide; the other forty-eight feet seven inches, ceeding travellers, who may set about it with while in the bowels of the earth. Some by thirteen feet three. At the end of the more convenience than we could, as the place assert that they lived there in the human first are several unfinished bieroglyphics, of will become cooler. Our stock of provision shape, while others, with greater consistwhich some, though merely sketched, give was so reduced, that the only food we had ency, contend that their existence was in the fine ideas of their"ınanner of drawing. At for the last six days was dhourra, boiled in form of certain terrestrial animals, such as the lateral corners of the entrance into the water without salt, of which we had none the ground-hog, the rabbit, and the tortoise

. second chamber froin the great hall is a door, left.

This was their state of preparation, until each of which leads into a small chanuber On the 4th of August they quitted this they were permitted to come out and take twenty-two feet six inches long, and ten interesting spot, and sailed rapidly down the their station on this island as the Lords of feet wide. Each of these rooms has two Nile, now at its height.

the rest of the Creation. doors leading into two other chambers,

Among the Delawares, those of the forty-three feet in length, and ten feet

Minsi, or Wolf tribe, say that in the begineleven inches wide. There are two benches

ning, they dwelt in the earth under a lake, in them, apparently to sit on. The most [From Hec kewelder's Memoir, in the Transactions and were fortunately extricated from this subjects in this temple are, Ist. a group of

of the American Phil. Soc.]

unpleasant abode by the discovery which one captive Ethiopians, in the western corner of It is a curious fact, that the American of their men made of a hole, through which the great hall: 2nd. the hero killing a man Indians practise the same sort of visionary he ascended to the surface ; on which, as he with his spear, another lying slain under

his and supernatural initiation of all boys which was walking, he found a deer, which he carfeet, on the same western wall: 3d. the Egede so interestingly describes as the pro- ried back with him into his subterraneous storming of a castle , in the western corner cess by which

the Greenlanders prepare their habitation; that there the deer was killed, from the front door. The outside of this Angekoks, or Sorcerers. Concluding this and he and his companions found the weat temple is magnificent. It is a hundred and subject the author says, “I once took great so good, that they unanimously determined serenteen feet wide, and eighty-six feet high; pains to dissuade from these notions a very to leave their dark abode, and remove to a the height froin the top of the cornice to the sensible Indian, much esteemed by all who place where they could enjoy the light of top of the door being sixty-six feet six inches, knew him, even ainong the whites. All heaven and have such excellent gaire in and the height of the door twenty feet. T'here that I could say or urge was not able to con- abundance. are four enormous sitting colossi, the largest vince him that at the time of his initiation “The other two tribes, the Unamis or in Egypt or Nubia, except the great Sphinx (as I call it) his mind was in a state of tem- Tortoise, and the Unalachtigos or Turkey, at the pyramids, to which they approach in porary derangement. He declared that he have much similar notions, but reject the the proportion of near two-thirds. Froin had a clear recollection of the dreams and story of the lake, which seems peculiar to the shoulder to the elbow they measure fif- visions that occurred to him at the time, the Minsi tribe. teen feet six inches; the ears three feet six and was sure that they came from the agency "These notions must be very far extended

60

MYTIIOLOGY OF AMERICAN INDIANS.

STATISTICS OF EUROPE.

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among the Indians of North America gene- , invective; when the hunter had despatched rally, since we find that they prerail also the bear, I asked him how he thought that among the Iroquois, a nation so opposed poor animal could understand what he In a statistical work lately published in to the Delawares, and whose language is said to it? Oh!' said he in answer, the France, we find a view of the principal powers so different from theirs, that not two bear understood me very well; did you of Europe with respect to their population, words, perhaps, similar or even analogous not observe how ashamed' he looked while their revenue, and their debt, of which the of signification may be found alike in both.” I was upbraiding him ?'

following is an extract: The Indians, combined with this mytho Among the miscellaneous traits related France.

Population 29 millions. Relogy, have from the earliest times considered by the author, we find the following. venue 866 millions (francs). National debt themselves as connecied with certain ani Though the Indian is naturally serious, 3 milliards 466 millions, or four times its mals, either as friends or foes. “ The Tor- he does not dislike a jest on proper occa- revenue. toise, or as it is commonly called, the Turtle sions, and will, sometimes even descend to Austria.- Population 28 millions. Rctribe, among the Lenape, claims a superio- a pun. Once at a dinner given at Marietta venue 300 millions. Debt 900 millions, or rity and ascendency over the others, because by the late colonel Sproat, to a number of three times its revenue. their relation, the great Tortoise, a fabled gentlemen and Indian chiefs of various tribes, SPAIN (in Europe).- Population 17 milmonster, the Atlas of their mythology, bears a Delaware chief, named George Washing: lions (13 millions in the colonies). Revenue according to their traditions this great island ton, asked me what the naine of our good 160 millions. Debt 3 milliards, or nineteen on his back, and also because he is amphi- friend, the Colonel, meant in the Lenape times its revenue. bious, and can live both on land and in the language? It should be observed that Co GREAT BRITAIN.- Population, in Europe, water, which neither of the hearts of the lonel Sproat was remarkably tall. I cold 17 millions ; in Asia, 50; in America, I inilother tribe can do. The merits of the Tur- him that Sprout (for so the name is pro- lion. Total of the population under the key, which gives its name to the second tribe, nounced) meant in English a shoot, or twig English dominion, 68 millions. Revenue 1 are that he is stationary, and alwavs remains of a tree. 'No, no,' replied the Indian, milliard 156 millions. Debt 19 milliards, or with or about them. Is to the Wolf, after no shoot or twig, but the iree itself."" eighteen times its revenue. whom the third tribe is named, he is a ram

NETHERLANDS (including the colonies).bler by nature, running from one place to “ An Indian who spoke good English, Population 6 millions. Revenue 166 milanother in quest of his prey; yet they con came one day to a house where I was on lions. Debt 3 milliards and a half, or twenty sider him as their benefactor, as it was ly business, and desired me to ask a man who tirnes its revenue. his means that the Indians got out of the was there and who owed him some money, Prussia.- Population 11 millions. Reinterior of the earth. It was he, they be to give an order in writing for him to get a venue 170 millions. Debt 676 millions, or lieve, who by the appointment of the Great little salt at the store, which he would take four times its revenue. Spirit, killed the deer whom the Monsey in part payment of his debt. The man, after RUSSIA (including Poland).- Population found who first discovered the way to the reproving the Indian for speaking through 52 millions. Revenue 350 inillions. Debt surface of the carth, and which allured them an interpreter when he could speak such 600 millions, or nearly twice its revenue. to come out of their damp and dark resi- good English, told him that he must call United STATES OF AMERICA.-Populadence. For that reason, the wolf is to be again in an hour's time, for he was then too tion 12 millions. Revenue 130 millions. honoured, and his name preserved for ever much engaged. The Indian went out and Debt 463 millions, or three times its revenue. among them.”

returned at the appointed time, when he The author draws the following conclusions: All savage beasts are looked upon as ene was put off again for another hour, and when 1. The debts of all the states absorb a part mies, though one tribe respects the Rattle- he came the third time, the other told him of their revenues, which makes them unalife snake, which it calls' grandfather. The fol- he was still engaged and he must come to meet extraordinary and unforeseen exlowing story will show that the bear is not again in half an hour. My Indian friend's penses, without having recourse to new loans, in equal repute.

patience was now exhausted, he tarned to and consequently to the capitalists—a new “A Delaware hunter once shot a huge ine and addressed me thus in his own lan- power, whose sceptre sways more or less over bear and broke its back bonc. The aniinal guage: * Tell this man,' said he, “that the whole universe. fell and set up a most plaintive cry, some while I have been waiting for his conve 2. The powers, or rather the nations, thing like that of the panther when he is nience to give me an order for a little salt, which have attained to the highest degree of hungry. The hunter, instead of giving him I have had time to think a great deal. i civilization, industry, and commerce, are another shot, stood up close to him, and ad- thought that when we Indians want any necessarily in a state of comparative decay, dressed him in these words : ‘Hark ye! thing of one another, we serve each other with respect to those nations which have yet bear; you are a coward, and no warrior as on the spot, or if we cannot, we say so to advance in any of these three respects. you pretend to be. Were you a warrior, at once, but we never say to any one call After they have attained their meridian you would shew it by your firmness, and not again! call again! call again! three times height they can only decline, while others cry and whimper like an old woman. You call again!' Therefore when this man continue to rise. know, bear, that our tribes are at war with put me off in this manner, I thought that, 3. As long wars and foreign enterprizes each other, and that yours was the aggres- to be sure, the white people were very inye- can no longer be undertaken without credit, sor.

You have found the Indians too nious, and probably he was able to do what they become impossible for a governinent powerful for you, and you have gone sneak- no body else could. I thought that as it which has none, or has lost it; which ex. ing about in the woods, stealing iheir hogs; was afternoon when I first came, and he plains how modern projects reinain unex, perhaps at this time you have hog's flesh in knew I had seven miles to walk to reach my ecuted. your belly. Had you conquered me, I would camp, he had it in his power to stop the sun 4. England owes nineteen milliarıls, or have borne it with couraye and died like a in its course, until it suited him to give me eighteen times its revenue ; hut she is mis, brave warrior ; but you, bear, sit here and the order that I wanted for a little salt. So tress of the commerce of the world ; and cry, and disgrace your tribe by your cow- thought, I shall still have day light enough, supposing that she should one day lose it. ardly conduct. I was present (says the shall reach my camp before night, and yet the capitalists, depending on her power, author) at the delivery of this curious shall not be obliged to walk in the dark, at think they may still venture for a long time Probably alluding to å tradition which the the risk

of falling and hurting myself

by the to risk with her the most extensive specuIndians have of a very ferocious kind of bear, way. But when I saw that the sun did not lations. called the naked bear, which they say once ex

wait for him, and I had at least to walk Austria is poor in money; her maritime isted, but was totally destroyed by their ances seven miles in an obscure night, I thought commerce is still in its infancy; her contitors. The last was killed in the New York then, that it would be better if the white nental power constitutes her whole strength, state, at a place they called Hoosink, which people were to learn something of the In- and suffices to preserve herself. Will it suf, means the Basin, or more properly the Kellle. dians.'»

fice her for external enterprizes?

THE SIEGE OF BELGRADE.

Among the great powers, France is that | Cossack commanders cannonading come, (4) Now noisy poxious anmbers noticc nought which owes the least; gold abounds there ; Dealing destruction's devastating duom. (5) Of outward obstacles, opposing ought. her bankers take part in foreign loans ; her Every endeavour engineers essay, (6)

Poor patriots!-partly purchased, partly pressdebt decreases progressively; to resume the For fame, for fortune fighting-furious fray! (7) ed,– (13) rank which belongs to her, she has only to Generals 'gainst generals grapple, – gracious | Quite quaking, quickly “ Quarter! quarter! proceed upon a judicious plan and with a firm How honors Heaven heroic hardihood ! (9)

'quest, (14) step in the road of the constitutional monar- Infuriate-indiscriminate in ill

Reason returns, religious right redounds, (15) chy, the principles of which completely con- Kinsmen kill kindred, kindred kinsmen kill:(10)

Suwarrow stops such sanguinary sounds. (16) solidated and sincerely followed, are the only Labour low levels loftiest, longest lines, (11) guarantee of public credit.

(12) Muchi cost, more care, and most magniMen march ʼmid mounds, 'mid moles, 'mid mur

ficence. We may add, that Spain, so loaded with derous mincs ! (12)

Dryden's Theodore and Honoria. debts and at war with her colonies, finds every where abroad a credit which she could not this simple origin. Chaucer, although he sneer- coria, entitled, Nuges Venales, published at Am

(13) At the conclusion of a volume of joculahave obtained a year ago. It is because in ed at alliteration in the lines commencing

sterdam in 1648, is to be found one of the most European Spain, restored to a free gorern

"I am a Sotherne mall,

wbimsical alliterative productions we ever met ment, agriculture, industry, and commerce, I cannot geste, rom, ram, raf by my letter,'

with, viz. a poem of several hundred lineswill rise from their state of lethargy, and very frequently adopts it. But we have alreadly “ Pugna Porcorum per P. Porcium, Poetam. capitalists have reckoned on the rapid deve- very much exceeded the limits of a note on this Paraclesus pro Protore. It consists chiefly lopment of these threc sources of national subject,

of a satirical jumble of words aimed at the indowealth and prosperity.

(2) Of adamant, and as a centre frm. lence of the monks of that period, all of which

Milton's P. L. however begin with the letter P. It would ap

Jul. Capitolinus relates that the young Empe- pear from the Ampbitheatrum Sapientiæ SocraORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE. ror Antoninus Geta, on a particular occasion, ticæ of Dornavius, that Petrus Portius was

ordered an alliterative dinner, viz. a repast only a nomme de guerre. The author's name composed of dishes the names of which all be

was Petrus Placentius. A German writer, has Adilressell to the Admirers of Alliteration, and

gan with the same letter. But as the passage had the impudence to publish this jeu d' esprit as the Advocates for Noisy Numbers. (1)

is curious, and not long, we will transcribe it. his own, although it was known to be in cxistence “ Habebat etiam, istam consuetudinem, ut con at least a century before he was born. This

vivia et macima prandia per singulas literas ju- sort of plunder is common among the German Ardentem Aspicio Atque Anectis Auribus Asto.

beret, scientibus servis, velut in qno crat anser, Gropiuses. We quote the first lines of the Virgil.

aprugna anas; item pullus, perdrix, pavo, por- poem. It is an abundantly curious picce of An Austrian army, awfully arrayed, (2)

cellus, piscis, perna, et quæ in eam literam ge-trifling. Boldly by battery besieged Belgrade : (3)

nera edulium coderent ; et item sasianus, farta, Plaudito porcelli, porcorum pigra propages.

ficus, et talia." (1) Alliteration, or Pseudo-Rythm, as it is (3) A bold, bad, blundering, blastering, bloody Pugnantes pergunt, pecudum pars prodigiosa

Progneditur plures porci pingue dine pleni termed by Dr. Hickes and Wormius, was the booby.-Atterbury on Lord Cadogan. earliest species of harmony known in this coun (4) Huberta Mink, who flourished in the 10th Pars portentose populorum prato profanat,

Pertubat pede petrosas plerumque plateas, try, and preceded the positive invention of century, wrote a poem consisting of 300 hexa- Pars pungit populando potens, pars plurima Rythm. It originated with the Skalds or old meter verses in praise of buildings, every line of Danish poets, in their Drotquæt, or vulgar song, which began with c. He addressed the book to Prætendit punire pares, prosternere parvos, &c.

plagis and was copied by the Anglo-Saxons both before Charles the Bald, or Carolus Calvus, the Empeand after the coming of the Danes, RobertCrow-ror. It began as nearly as we can recollect,

Addison mentions, in No. 59 of the Spectator, ley, who prioted the first edition of Pierce Plow- for we have no means of reference to the volume one Tryphiodonus, who composed an Odyssey, on man's Vision, in 1550 (erroneously dated 1505), itself, as follows :

the adventures of Ulysses, consisting of four and says that the author, Robert Langland,“ wrote Carmina clarisonæ calvis cantute Camænæ

twenty books, having entirely banished the letter altogether in meter, but not after the manner

A from his first book, which he calls Alpha; the of our rhymes that write now-a-days, for his Comere condigno conabor carmine calvis, &c.

letter B from his second, which he names Beta, verses end not alike; the nature of his meter is And Clowns come crowding on, with cudgels for the same reason ; and proceeds, in a similar to have at least three words in every verse which

armed.-Dryden's Pal. & Ar.

manner, with all the others. We have some. begin with the same letter.” Besides this infor (5) And downwards with diffusive good de- where seen a hymn to the Virgin Mary, in Latin mation, the division of the lives in Pierce Plow scends.—Dryden, on Mrs. Anne Killigrew. hexameters, which occupied upwards of ten man's Visions, evidently denotes that this Driving sleets deform the day delightless. pages, although it consisted only of changes rung species of composition was considered in many

Thomson's Spring. upon the following eight words: respects as rythm, and employed as such by Now die, die, die, die, die. Shakespeare, Tot tibi sunt Virgo dotes, quot sidera, ccelo! many of the Anglo-Saxon Poets. In the Coton (6) That Europe's lands shall earnestly be

But we are falling into precisely the error wo · Library there are two volumes of ancient Eng wrought,

have been deprecating in this gossiping note, lish poctry, entirely written in this metre. În And earnest envy shall not last for ever.

and shall accordingly close it. What Martial the beginning of the sixteenth century, this

Pierce Plowman's Prophecie of Bede. has said on the subject may be attended to with kind of versification began to assume a new (7)

Bcauty plays

advantage. form, and rhymes at the end of the couplet were Her idle freaks from family diffused

Turpe est difficiles habere nugas, introduced, in addition to the usual system of To family, as flics the father dust.

Et stultus labor ineptiarum. alliteration (see the old song of “ Little John

Thomson's Spring Noboby).” It however was discontinued to- Fallen, fallen, fallen, fallen,

Whilst we are at the letter p bowerer, me wards the end of the sixteenth century, although Fallen from his high estate.

must not omit to remind oor readers of the alli. many of our greatest poets seem occasionally

Dryden's Ode on Music.

terative death of the Pippin woman in Gray's to have practised it, with great judgment and

(8) For by thy gracious, golden, glittering Trivia, who retained her taste for this sort of advantage. If not pursued to a ridiculous ex gleams.

Shakespeare.

versification some minutes after her head wa * cess, it must be admitted that it crcates a sort Glide glaring ghastly through the gloom.

severed from her body. of adventitious strength in poetry, which no

Churchill's Ghost. Pippins, she cried, but death her voice confounds, force of imagination or depth of feeliog could (9)

tbey waste their skill Andqip-pip-pip along the ice resounds. possibly effect without it. Dryden is full of al- On high hung signs, and earth of homely hue. (14) Quail crush, conclude, and quill. literative lines. Milton sometimes condescend

Phillips' Fall of Chloe's Jordan.

Shakespeare's Midd. N.D. ed to introduce (although sparingly) this grace (10) Beaux banish beaux, and coaches coaches (15) Rough repetition roars in rudest rhyme, into his versification : and Lord Byron, in our drive.

Pope's Rape of the Lock. As clappers chinkle in one charming chimc. own day, has carried his admiration of it, in (11) He lies a lifeless load along the land.

Lloyd. some instances, to excess. It is most certain,

Pope's liau.

(16) Which stir too strongly the soul's secret that much of the power and energy for which Who looked like Lent, and had the holy ker.

springs. his poetry is so remarkable, may be referred to

Dryden's Cock and the Fox.

Lord Byron.

yell;

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Truce to thee, Turkey! - Triumpla to thy of scandalous works, and men of immoral / who died of fever; which was attended with train, (17)

character; and such being the case, perhaps a remarkable case of corrosion of the stomach, Powise, unjust, unmerciful Ukraine ! (18)

it will inatch the Homeric prize question, by by ineans of the gastric fluid, after death. Vanish, vain victory! Vanish, victory vain! (19)

one “ on the state of religion, society, learn- Professor Lee also read, from an Arabian Why wish we warfare ?- Wherefore welcome

ing, and the arts, during the period in author of the naine of Nassir-eddin, a very were (20)

which the events are laid of another great curious demonstration of the doctrine of paXerxes, Ximenes, Xanthus, Xaviere ? Yield, yield, ye youths! Ye yevmen, yield your epic poem, namely, Milton's Paradise Lost?” rallel lines.

But it is truly a melancholy thing, that a Cambridge Obserratory. The members Zeno's, Zampater's, Zoroaster's zeal,

design calculated to throw a lustre around of the Observatory Syndicate have made a Attracting all, arms against acts appeal! the crown, to do incalculable benefit to the report of their proceedings to the senate,

country, to bring light upon our age, and recommending a field, near the gravel-pits

carry honour down to the latest posterity, on the north of the Madingley road, as furLITERATURE &LEARNED SOCIETIES. should be made a matter of unreasonable nishing the inost eligible site for an Obser

and unworthy suspicion. Ever since we vatory; which selection of the syndicate has NEW ROYAL LITERARY SOCIETY.

could conceive an idea, or hold a pen in the been approved by the senate, and the syndics When we last week redeemed our promise cause of literature, we have been impressed are now endeavouring to ascertain the preto the public, of boringing before it the most with the conviction that such an Institution cise spot for the building, which inay hare interesting literary subject of the present as the one now forming, was alone necessary the advantage of a very distant meridian tines,” we did not imagine that any unau- to upraise and consolidate the dearest inte- mark, on the tower, if possible, or on some thorized opinions of ours could have stirred | rests of learning*. It delights us to find it ema- part of Grantchester church. up a spirit of detraction, if not of direct nating from that high quarter, which has all The Syndics have already ordered astronoopposition, against this noble and beneficent the power and influence required to give it mical instruments to the amount of near design. It appears however, froin a letter character, consistency, and vigour: and we 2,3001. signed Alpha in the Morning Chronicle, that trust it will be formed on a plan to unite all The present subscriptions amount to upthe constitutional principle of jealousy of the suffrages.

wards of 6,009). exclusive of the 5,0007, royal prerogative is extended from politics * Upon this topic, Mr. D’Israeli speaks our which was voted by the University. to literature! Alpha seems quite alarmed, sentiments, in his Essay on the Literary CharacJest the king should become too popular and ter.

FINE ARTS. powerful by standing at the head of a So

OXFORD, Dec. 9. ciety “ for the encouragement of indigent On Tuesday last the following Degrees ROYAL ACADEMY. Last week the Royal merit, and the promotion of general litera

were conferred : Ile reviles this plan as ture !"

Academy lecture room was distinguished, extra

MASTERS OF ARTS.—Rev. W. Rees Da- (the fashion spreading from theatres and publoyal ;” an:! de exaggerates“ indigent merit” vies, Scholar of Worcester College ; Rev. lic meetings has at length got to churches into a new form of " those who are in high Watts Wilkinson, Worcester Coll. ; Rev. and grave institutions), by a riot... It is said places.” It is a satisfactory inatter, to find w. Thursby, Oriel Coll.

that the lecturer got two stout life-guardsthat a person of such potent abilities does not intend to crush the New Society in the Trinity College, Grand Compounder : G. the pupils in muscular action ; but this slow

Bachelors of arts.-G. Smalley, Esq. inen to exhibit or spar for the instruction of egg hy the weight of his genius: lie only Howard Stapleton, Worcester Coll.; J. J. Mo- was so nearly allied to a turn up at the Fives piroposes to set up a rival establishinent, to neypenny, Wadham Coll. ; Hender Moles- Court, that it attracted an unusual number show that men of his own liberal way of worth, Exeter Coll. ; J. Parker and J. Sneyd, of visitors. As all could not be accommothinking are as competent to write essays as Brasennose Coll. ; J. H. Newman, and F. dated, a scene of disgraceful struggle ensued, the most loyal persons in Britain. We beg Seale, Trinity Coll.; Hon. A. P. Perceval, and the theatre of a polite art was converted therefore to put him right on one point in Oriel Coll.; T. Meyler, and R. Smith, Pem- into a bear garden. which he seeins to be mistaken. The royal broke Coll. ; Edmund Robinson, and Cossociety is not exclusive ; it designates those

mo Nelson Innes, Balliol Coll.; F. W. who are “ of distinguished learning, authors Hope, Ch. Ch. ; F. Rouch, St. John's Coll.

ORIGINAL POETRY. of some creditable work of literature, and men of good moral character,” as eligible to

CAMBRIDGE, Dec. 1.

[By Correspondents.] become members; and we cannot guess what

The Rev. Fenton Hort, of Trinity College, To the Editor of the Literary Gazette. oljection Alpha has to these descriptions of was on Friday admitted Master of Arts ; persons. If the rival project embraces an and Mr. R. Partridge, of St. John's College, the public loy steering clear of the angry vitu.

Having shown proper respect to yourself and opposite course, we shall see his establish- Bachelor of Arts. went composed of ignorant persons, authors

The following gentlemen were yesterday | no notice of the renomous attacks which ori

peration of rival periodical works, and taking admitted to the undermentioned degrees.- ginate in Editorial bosoms against Editors, and Such sweet, such sad, such solemn airs.

Doctors IN DIVINITY. - The Rev. G. are fulminatedTkonson's Cas. of Indol. D’Oyly, of Corpus Christi College, and rec “ Not that they write so ill, but sell so well; (17) Then we took down our tents that told tor of Lambeth ; Rev. J. T. Barrett, of St. I trust you will admit the enclosed jeu d'esprit a thousand. Peter's College.

as no material departure from the praiseworthy Ou Ballad, Florlden Field. Masters Of Arts.-J. Foster, and W. system upon which you have acted. Continue, (18) L'oheard, unhelped, unpitied, unlamented. Hanson, of Queen's college.

sir, to struggle for eminence as you have done, Michael Drayton's Hieroical Epistles. BACHELORS IN CIVIL LAW.-G. Hole, of by being the first in the race of useful informa Unwept, unhonoured, and unsung,

Trinity Coll. ; G. Walsh Hallam. of Trinity tion and delighting literature, and you may safeScolt. Hall.

ly leave it to any of your contemporaries to try (19) Neu patriæ validas in viscera vertite vines. At the third Meeting of the Cambridge to raise themselves into notice by malignant per

Which has been thus translated : Philosophical Society for the present year, sonalities and scurrilous abuse.* Wound not with vigour vast the vitals of the on Monday week, a further cominunication

Your friend and constant reader. weal!

was made from Dr. Wavell of Barnstaple,
(20) Where France will side to weaken us by respecting the remarkable formation of na-
tive natron, in the tower of Stoke Church,

Quoth Ding to Dong,
Dryden's Annus Mir. near Hartland, in Devonshire ; accompanied

You write quite wrong;
Of wandering wain the white winged plorer by one of the stones of the tower. After-

* We generally erase those passages in corwheels,

wards the Vice-President, Dr. Haviland, read respondents' letters which speak Aatteringly of Thomson's Spring. an account of the dissection of a young man, the Literary Gazette ; but the above is so agree

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RIVAL WRITERS.

war.

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