Imágenes de página


certained the situation of France and the is very fine ; ....however, I consider it as , feared, as I have already said to you, that Bourbons under all its extensive bearings. certain, that the Kings who have fought they may turn the war into an attair of Had it not been for you, I should never against me are no longer guided by the vanity, or that they make it a point of have known that the hour of my return same unity, the same views, the same in- honour. On the other hand, it is possible lad struck. Had it not been for you, terests. The Emperor Alexander njust that they may renounce their coalition, they would have left me here to dig in my esteem ine: he must be able to estimate the which has now no longer any object, in order garden. I have received—I do not ex- difference which exists between Louis to watch_their subjects ; preserving at the actly know from what quarter--the de- XVIII. and myself. If he were to under- same time an armed neutrality, until I shall scription of certain assassins, hired against stand his policy rightly, he would rather see have given them sufficient guarantees. me; and one or two anonymous letters the French sceptre in the hands of a power “ Their determinations, whatever they besides-all from the same hand, in which ful sovereign, the relentless enemy of Eng- may be, will not influence mine. France I was told to remain quiet, that the embroi- land, than in the hands of a weak sovereign, speaks, and that is sufficient for me. deries were coming into fashion, and other the friend and vassal of the Prince Regent. 1814 I had to deal with all the powers in nonsense in the same style; but that's all. I would give him Poland, and a great deal Europe, but they she ( not hare laid down It is not upon such data that one is induced more, if he wished it ; he knows that I have the law to me if Franc had not left me to to attempt a crash. But how do you think been always more inclined to tolerate his wrestle alone, against the entire world. foreigners will like my return : there is the ambition than to restrain it. If he had con- Now the French know my value ; and, as great question?” Foreign nations, Sire, tinued my friend and my ally, I would have they have regained their courage and their have been compelled to confederate against made him greater than he ever will be now. patriotism, they will triumph over the eneus, in order to protect themselves ; allow me Prussia, and the petty Kings of the Rhenish mies who may attack them, just as they to say it...."-"Speak out, speak out.”- confederation, will follow the lot cast by triumphed in the good days of the revolu“ In order to protect themselves against the Russia. If I had Russia on my side, she tion. Experience has shown that armies effects of your ambition, and the abuse of would secure me all the second-rate powers. cannot always save a nation ; but a nation your strength. Now that Europe has re- As to the Austrians, I do not know what defended by the people is always invincible. covered her independence, and that France they would do: they have never treated me “I have not settled the day of my deparhas ceased to be dangerous, foreign powers candilly. I suppose I could keep Austria in ture : by deferring it I should have the adwill probably be unwilling to run the risk of order by threatening to deprive her of Italy. vantage of allowing the congress to run out ; a new war, which may end by restoring to Italy is yet very grateful to me, and much at- but then, on the other hand, I should run us that ascendancy which we have lost.”-tached to me: if I were to ask that country the risk of being kept here as a close pri“ If the allied sovereigns were at home in for an hundred thousand men, and an hun-soner by the vessels of the Bourbons and of their capitals they would certainly consider dred millions, I should have the men and the the Euglish, if, as every thing appears to the matter twice hefore they would take the money. If they were to force me to make indicate, there should be a rupture amongst field again ; but they are yet face to face; war, I could easily revolutionize the foreign powers. Murat would lend me his and it is to be feared that war may become Italians ; I would grant them whatever they navy if I wanted it ; but if we do riot succeed an affair of vanity. Do you think it is true might wish, independence or Eugene. he would be compromised. We must not that they are on ill terins with each other?” Mejean and some others have done him be anxious about all these matters : we

— Yes, Sire, it appears that discoril reigns harm, but, in spite of that, he is warmly inust allow some room for destiny to come in the congress; that cach of the great pow- loved, and highly esteemed: he deserves into play: ers wishes to seize the largest share of the to be so; he has shown that he possesses a “ I think we have considered all the points booty.”—“ It appears, also, that their sub- noble mind. Murat is ours I have had upon which it was important that I should jects are discontented: is it not so?”– great reason to complain of him. Since I be settled, and that we should understand

“Yes, Sire; kings and people, every hare been here he has wept for his errors, each other. France is tired of the Bourthing seems to unite in our favour. The and has done his utmost to repair the injuries bons ; she demands her former sovereign. Saxons, the Genoese, the Belgians, the in- which he has inflicted upon me. He has The people and the army are for us : foreign habitants of the banks of the Rhine, the regained my friendship and my confidence: powers will be silent. If they spcak, we Polanders, all refuse the new sovereigns to his assistance, if I were engaged in war, shall be able to reply: this, in short, is the whom they are to be given. Italy, tired of would be very useful to me. He has little state of the preseni time and of the future. the avarice and the grossness of the Aus- brains; he has nothing but hand and heart; “Depart. Tell X*** that you have seen trians, pants for the moment of withdrawing but his wife would direct him. The Nea- me, and that I have determined to expose from their sovereignty. Experience has politans like him tolerably well; and I have myself to every danger for the purpose of taught the King of Naples that you are his yet some good officers amongst them who yielling to the prayers of France, and of snrest protector, and he will assist the rising would keep them in the right way. As to ridding the nation of the Bourbons.....Say of the Italians whenever you wish it. The England, we should have shaken hands also that I shall leave this place with my princes of the confederation of the Rhine, from Dover to Calais, if Mr. Fox had lived; guard, on the first of April-perhaps sooner. warned the example of Saxony, will be- but as long as that country continues to be 1 pardon every thing. I will give to France come the allies of your majesty after the governed by the principles and passions of and to Europe all the guarantees which can first victory. Prussia and Russia will sit Mr. Pitt, ive must always be as hostile as be expected or demanded of me. I have quiet, if you will only allow them to retain fire and water ....From England, I expect renounced all my plans of aggrandizement, their new acquisitions. The Emperor of no quarter, no truce...,England knows and I wish to repair the evils which war has Austria, who has every thing to fear from that the instant I place my foot in France, caused to us, by a permanent peace. Russia and Prussia, and nothing to hope her influence will be driven back across the “ You will also tell X*** and the rest of for from the King of France, will easily seas long as I live I will wage a war, iny friends to nourish and strengthen the consent, if you only guarantee Italy to him, of extermination against her maritime des- good disposition of the people and the army to allow you to do what you think best with potism. If the continental powers liad se- by all possible means. Explain to X*** the Bourbons. In short. all the powers of conded me; if they had not been afraid of that if the excesses of the Bourbons should Europe, England only excepted, are more me; if they had understood my ambition, hasten their fall, if the French should drive or less interested in not declaring thein-their flags would have floated from the them out before my disembarkation, then I selves against you; and before England can mast-head throughout the universe, and will not allow of a regency, or any thing in hare corrupted, or raised the continent, your the world would have enjoyed peace. All the shape of it; but let them establish a Majesty will be so firmly fixed on the throne, things considered, foreign powers have great provisional government, composed of..., that your Majesty's enemies may try in vain reasons to declare war against me; whilst of.... of....of.... and of....Go, Sir, I to make you totter."

there are also great reasons to induce them hope that we shall soon meet again.”Napoleon (shaking his hearl) “All this to remain at peace with me. It is to be “Sire, where shall I land ?”.

" You

[ocr errors]

to prove

must proceed to Naples ; here is a passport | dier answered his general. • These actions / recompose their names.”—But, Sire, the anaof the island, and a letter for **** Pretend are not performed for


“ That's grams which I shall make will perhaps be so to place great trust in him, but do not trust very right; I like to see pride." .“ Sire, uncouth, that it will be seen at the post-office, him with any thing. You will give him a I ain not proud, but I have a soul ; and if I that the names are disguised on purpose.”loose account of the French news; and you thought that your Majesty could believe that “Do you think, then, that they amuse themmay tell him that I send you there to ex. I embraced your Majesty's cause for the selves at the post-office by opening and readplore the soundings, and settle some con- sake of filthy lucre, I should request your ing all the letters of business which pass cerns of moment. I have directed to Majesty to cease to rely on my services." through?. They could not get through furnish you with a passport, in oriler that • If I had believed that to be the casc, them. I have attempted to unravel the coryou may be able to return to Paris without I should not have trusted you. No person respondence carried on under the disguise of meeting with any obstacle or danger." ever received a more honourable and splen- banking transactions, but I could never sucYour Majesty has then determined to did proof of my confidence, than that which ceed. The post-office is like the police, send me back to France ?"-"It must I am now bestowing upon you, in deciding, only fools are caught; yet think of any other absolutely be so.” " Your Majesty merely on the strength of your word, to quit method : I shall have no objection." knows my attachment, and that I am ready the isle of Elba, and in directing you, as my After I had considered a little while, I

it in any way which may be re- precursor, to announce my speedy arrival in said to the Emperor, Sire, there is a inequired. But, Sire, deign to consider, both France. But do not let us talk any more on thod which perhaps will do. Your majesty for your interest and for that of France, that head; and tell me if you recollect fully has the imperial calendar.'' Yes, sure. that my departure has been remarked, and all that I have told you.”—“I have not lost Well, Sirc, the calendar contains the that my return will excite still more notice, one of your Majesty's expressions. They lists of the general officers and colonels of the and that it may give rise to suspicion, and are all engraven on iny memory."-" Then army. Now, I will suppose, for example, perhaps induce the Bourbons to put them- I have only to wish you a pleasant journey. that the regiment quartered at Chambery is selves on their guard, and cause them to I have directed that everything should be commanded by Colonel Paul. I look into watch the coasts and the Island of Elba" got ready for your departure.

the calendar, and I find that Paul stands • Bah! do you suppose that fellows of “This evening, at nine o'clock, you will forty-seren in the list of colonels. I will also the police know every thing, and can foresce find a guide and horses at the gate of the suppose that, between ourselves, · bill of exevery thing? More is invented than is dis- town: you will be taken to Porto Longone. change ' means 'colonel' or 'general.' Then covered by the police. The agents of our | The commandant has been authorized to I shall write to your Majesty, I have seen police were decidedly as good as those of furnish you with the necessary quarantine your correspondent at Chambery; he has the present people, and yet they frequently documents. He knows nothing; say nothing paid me the amount of your bill of exchange, knew nothing of what was going on but at to him. At inidnight a felucca will leave No. 47. Your Majesty will turn to your the end of a week or a fortnight ; and then the port, by which you will reach Naples. Majesty's calendar, and then your Majesty they found it out only by chance, or incau- I am sorry to have hurt your feelings by of- will see, that the 47th colonel who commands tion, or treason. I don't fear that any dis- fering money to you, but I thought you might the regiment of Chambery, is called Paul.' closures will be obtained from you by any of be in want of it. Adieu, Monsieur ; be cau- And, lastly, in order that your Majesty may these means. You are clever and decided, tious. I hope we shall soon meet again, and be able to tell when I speak of a colonel, a and, if they were to work upon you, you I shall acknowledge, in a manner worthy general, or a marshal, I shall take take care would casily get clear. Besides, when you of your inerits, your exertions in favour of to indicate the rank of the officer by one, once arrive at Paris don't show yourself; the country and of myself.”

tivo, or three dots, placed after the 'No.' creep into a corner, and nobody will think of Hardly bad I gone down to the town, when | The colonel will have one dot. No..; the ferreting you out. I could certainly con- he sent for me again. “I have considered," general two, No. .., &c.”—“Very good, fide this mission to some of the people who said he, " that it is desirable that I should very good. Here is a calendar for you. are about me; but I do not wish to make know what regiments are stationed in the Bertrand has one which I will take.". any additional confidant; you are trusted eigth and tenth military divisions, and the The calendar given to me by the Emperor by X***; I trust you; and, in one word, names of the con manding officers. You will was richly bound, and stamped with thie imyou are exactly the man whom I want. undertake to procure this information during perial arms. I tore off the binding. The Your return is certainly exposed to ob- your journey, and transmit it to ine without Emperor kept walking up and down, and jections, but they are as nothing when com- the slightest delay. Write triplicates of saying, as he laughed, " It is really excellent ; pared to its advantages. All that we have your letters. Send one by way of Genoa, they will never be able to see through it." said abou the Bourbons, and about France, the second by Leghorn, and the third by Ci- When I had finished, he said, “One thought and about myself, is mere talk, and talk vita Vecchia. You will take care to write brings on another. Í have asked myself how won't overturn a throne. In order that my this name legibly (here he gave me a memo- you would manage to write to ine, if you enterprise may not be rendered abortive, randum containing the name of an inhabitant should have any thing of unexpected importit must be seconded,

and the patriots must of the island). Fold your letters in a busi- ance to communicatc. For instance, supprepare to attack the Bourbons on one side, ness-like way. In order that the secret of po:e any extraordinary event shoull make whilst 1 shall occupy them on the other your correspondence may not be discovered, you think that my disembarkation ought to And, above all, it is necessary that they should any accident happen, you will put be accelerated or retarded; if the Bourbons should know that they may depend upon your intelligence in the shape of commercial were to be on their guard; in short, I know me; that they may know my sentiments, transactions, and you will imitate the usual not what.” He remained silent, and then my views, and the resolution which I have style of bankers. “I will suppose, for exam- began again. “I only know one way to promade of submitting to every sacrifice, and ple, that between Chambery and Lyon, vide for it: the confidence which I place in exposing myself to every danger, for the going by the way of Grenoble, there are five you ought to be unbounded. I will give you purpose of saving the country." The Em- regiments. You will write to my the key to a cipher which was composed for peror stopped to look at me. He certainly way I have seen the five inerchants whom you my use, in order that I might employ it in thought that I was one of those men who mentioned ; their views continue the same : corresponding with my family under the only appear reluctant to obey, in order to your credit is increasing daily. The concern most important circumstances. I need not enhance the price of their services ; so he will turn out well you understand me?" tell you that you must keep it with care : said, “Money is always wanted in travel-I" Yes, Sire ; but how am I to send the always carry it about you, lest it should be ling; I will order them to pay you a thou- names of the colonels and the generals in lost: and if the smallest danger arises, burn sand Louis, and then you may set off.” command ?” — “ Transpose the letters of it or tear it at the slightest suspicion. With "A thousand Louis?" I exclaimed, with their names, and nothing will be more easy. this cipher you inay write any thing to me indignation. “ Sire, I must answer your There is not a single colonel or general whoin which you like. I would rather that you Majesty in the spords with which the sol-) I do not knov, and I shall soon be able to should use it, than be under the pecessity of


coming back, or of sending any messenger like any other. If I had no better title than English and Latin, published and circulated, to me. If they intercepta letter written in that, when I shall present myself to future a small volume of devotional tracts, entitled my cipher, it will take them thrce months to ages they would scorn me. My institutions, the king's Primer; calculated to do away read it ; whilst the capture of an agent might my benefactions, my victories--these are many of the erroneous notions, and to soften ruin all in an instant." Ile then went and the true titles of my glory. Let them call many of the superstitious prejudices, with looker ont his cipher ; he made me employ me a Corsican, a corporal, an usurper..I which Popery had filled the minds of the it under his eyes, and delivered it to me, ex- don't care .. I shall not be less the object of people; as well as to infuse into them a horting me not to use it unless all other wonder, perhaps of veneration, in all future knowledge on the simple truths and spiritual modes of communication should become in- time. My name, new as it is, will live from doctrines of the gospel, and of the duties sutticient."

age to age, whilst the names of all these and obligations necessarily resulting thereThe Emperor continuel, “I do not sup- kings, and their royal progeny, will be for- from. So ardent and general was the desire pose that you will have occasion tu return gotten before the worins will have had time for religious information, that the first imhere before my departure, unless the sudden to consume their carcases. The Emperor pression of the king's Primer was speedily overthrow of our projects should force you to stopped, and then continued; “I forget disposed of; and in the year 1535 another seek an asylum here. In such a casc, ap- that time is precious ; I will not detain you edition, on a larger size, and enriched with prise me of your intended return, and I will any longer. 'Adieu, Monsieur ; abbrace ine, many valuable additions, was put forth to send for you to any place which you may ani depart; iny thoughts and good wishes gratify the public impatience for this popular

But we must hope that victory will follow you."—Two hours afterwards I was manual. Of this second edition the contents declare for us. She loves France.. You at sea.

are as follows :-a godly preface ; an expohave not spoken to me about the affair of

sition of the cominandments, and of the Excelmans : if such a thing had happened

creed; a confession; directions concerning in any time, I should have thought myself Miscellanies : by the Rev. Richard War- prayer; an exposition of the Lord's prayer; lost: when the authority of the master is ner, Rector of Great Chalfield, Wilts, a prayer to our Creator; prayers for various not recognised, all is over. The inore ! &c. &c. Bath and London, 1819. states of men ; an office for all states; a disthink upon the matter (here he displayed a 12mo. 2 vols.

sertation on good works; an cxhortation to sudden emotion), the more I am convinced

expect the cross, and to bear it patiently; that France is mine, and that the patriots As the principal papers of this Miscel- matins or morning service ; lauds, or acts of and the army will receive me with open lany have been published in various pe- praise; evensong; the seven penitential arms."--"Yes, Sire, I swear to you, upon riodical works, of considerable or limit psalıns; the litany; a contemplation on my soul, the people and the army will de- ed circulation, and are now only pre psalm li., a prayer to our Saviour; the hisclare for you as soon as they hear your name, sented in a collected form, we shall do tory of Christ's passion ; a practical discourse as soon as they see the caps of your grena- little more than notice the contents, and

on the passion; instructions for children; a diers."-" Provided the people do seck to do themselves justice before

catechetical dialogue; prayers against blindtranscribe a specimen. arrival, my

ness and hardness of heart ; various prayers a popular revolution would alarin foreign The first volume consists of Essays and thanksgiving ; the Dirige, or office for powers: they would dread the contagion of on the Decay of Intellect; the Admira- the souls of the dead; commendations ; and cxample. They know that royalty only tion of Learning and Talent ; Reason the collects, epistles, and gospels, throughhangs by a thread, that it does not agree and Insanity ; the Sceptic Reclaimed ; volume inay be considered as the parent of

with expositions of them. This with the ideas of the age; they would sooner sce me seize the throne, than allow the peoan account of Mr. Hamard, a French

our present Book of Common Prayer; for ple to give it to me. They have re-estab- Emigrant; and an Historical Sketch of although, during the times of Popery in this lolished the Bourbons in order to convince the Book of Common Prayer : the se- country, the forins of the Liturgy had always the people that the rights of sovereigns are cond comprizes- The Story Teller, with been in the hands of the Jaity, under the sacred and inviolabıle. They have blunder- Anecdotes; the Jokes of Hierocles ; names of breriaries, * missals and rituus ; ed. They would have done more for the and a Biographical Memoir of the Rev. yet these being written in Latin, (an, uncause of legitimacy, by leaving non son there, Wm. Gilpin. From these truly mis- known tongue to the bulk of the community) than by re-establishing Louis XVIII. My cellaneous pieces, we shall select ex

and being full of idolatrous prayers, and suiclynasty_ had been recognised by France

perstitious services, were neither intelligible and by Europe ; it had been consecrated by amples of the grave and of the gay ; | to the laity, nor could have furnished them the Pope. They ought to bare respect- and first from the History of the Com- with sound doctrine, nor led them to right ed it. By ahusing the rights of victory, pilation of the Book of Common Prayer. practice, had they been generally understood. it was in their power to deprive me of the After a judicious exposition of the con- The royal authority enjoined either the pubthrone: but it was unjust, odious, impolitic, duct of our Eighth Henry, on his rup- lic or private use of the volume of services of his father, and to deprive him of his in- ture with the Pope, respecting his di- called "" the King's Primer.” But this

sanction was perhaps unnecessary

for ensurheritance. I was not an usurper : they may vorce, the author says

ing its free and general circulation, as the say so as long as they like; nobody will be

Happily for the interests of true religion, people themselves were sufficiently prepared lieve them. The English, the Italians, the Henry was at the time of this quarrel, sur- for its favourable reception ; a fact that was Germans, are now too enlightened to allow rounded by wise and good men, who had long clearly evinced by its rapid sale; very many themselves to be crammed with old ideas, ardently wished for a reformation of the with antiquated notions. In the eyes of na- national faith. Of these, the venerable Cran * Breviaries contained matins, or morning tions, the sovereign who is chosen by the mer, and the active Cromwell

, were the service; lauds, or acts of praise; and vespers, or entirety of the nation, will always be the le- leading characters; who wisely availed them- evensong. Vissals, or mass-books, contained gitimate sovereign ....The sovereigns who selves of Henry's indignation, and of the the communion service, with the collects, epistles, rent their ambassadors to me with servile influence they at that time possessed in his and gospels, to be used throughout the year. solennity, who placed in my bed a girl of esteem and opinion, to confirm his resolu- The Rituals contained the occasional services; their breel; who called me their brother, tion of throwing off the Papal yoke, and to baptism, matrimony, visitation of the sick, form and who, after doing all this, bave stigma- render this freedom from superstitious thral- of burial, &c. These books of liturgical sertized me as an usurper, they have spit in dom the means of diffusing a purer religion forms and arrangement of their contents, in diftheir own faces by trying to spit at me. over their own country. With the King's ferent places. Those chiefly in use in this kingThey have d graded the majesty of kings. sánction, therefore, and (it should seem) dom were the Breviaries, Missals, and Rituals They have covered majesty with mud. assistance also, these able friends of the Re- of Sarun, York, Lincolu, Hereford, and BanWhat is the name of an Emperor? A word formation compiled without delay, both in gor.

few years.


Cranmer, in 1510,) continued to be in ge- the young king, [Edw. VI.] who received it appointed, for another review of Edward's

editions being called for in the course of a therefore, was appointed to draw up in lowed it; of the rubrich that ordered water

English a book of services for the gencral to be mixed with the sacramental wine ; of In 1535 the Bible, translated into use of the church ; which consisted of Areli- the use of oil in baptism ; and of the unction English, was first given to the publica of Ely; Henry Holbeach, alias Randes, bi- duced after the lessons ; some occasional

bishop Cranmer ; Thomas Goodrich, bishop of the sick. Certain hymns also were introand in the year ensuing the original of shop of Lincoln; George Day,

bishop of prayers at the end of the litany were added, the thirty-nine Articles, which were Chichester ; John Skip, bishop of Hereford; and different rubrics were inserted. The ten finally settled in 1602.

Thomas Thirlby, bishop of Westminster; commandments were appointed to be read The year 1537 was marked by fresh en-Nicholas Ridley, bishop of Rochester ; Dr. after the collect, in the beginning of the deavours of the reformers to accomplish William May, dean of St. Paul's, London; communion service, and the short petition their great and salutary work. Cranmer, Dr. John Taylor, dean (afterwards bishop) which follows each commandment was inLatimer, and other prelates (nominated as of Lincoln ; Dr. Simon Heynes, dean of serted. The habits of the officiatiny minister a committee for that and other purposes, by Exeter : Dr. John Redmayne, master of prescribed by the foriner book were, by the the convocation held in 1536,) drew up ani. Trinity College in Canbridge ; Dr. Richard present one, ordered to be laid aside; and a published a compendium of religious instruc- Cox, dean of Christchurch in Oxford ; and rubric was added at the end of the commution called, The Institution of a Christen Mr. Thoinas Robertson, archdeacon of Lei- nion service to explain the reason of kneeling Man, conteynyng the Exposytion or Inter- çester. These divines entered with such ar- at the sacrament. prelation of the Commune "Crede, of the dour upon this business, and continued it In 1553 Cranmer drew up “ A Short Seven Sacramentes, of the Ten Commande- with such perseverance, tlrat in a few months Catechism," which was adopted; but in ments, and of the Pater Noster, and the they had prepared for public use all the the reign of Mary the labours of reform Are Maria, Justyfication, and Purga- offices for morning and evening prayer, for

were buried in the graves of Martyrs. tory." This treatise, consisting of roles of Sundays and holidays ; as well as the forins faith and practice, (having been revised and for baptisin, confirination, matrimony, bu- On the accession of Elizabeth,

Mary's act of repcal was reversed; and corrected by the king, and again reviewed by rial of the dead, &c. &c. The book being

, it to

measures were taken, and commissioners neral request and use till the year when it ivas superseded by an enlarged and with every mark of delight. Parliament imme- Book of Common Prayer. The commisimproved edition of the same work, altered, diately(viz. at the close

of the year 1548) con- sioners were, Dr. Parker, afterwards Archhowever, in matter and arrangement, and formed its authority, and enjoined its general bishop of Canterbury ; Dr. Guest, Dean of bearing the new title of " A necessary Do:-use, under the title of “ The Book of Common Canterbury ; Dr. Cox and Dr. May, (comtrine and Erudition for any Christian Man, Prayer, and Administrution of the Sacra- missioners for a similar purpose in Edward's set forth by the King's Majesty of England, ments, and other Rites and Ceremonies of time; Dr. Grindal, bishop of London ; Dr. &c." It was called the King's Book," and the Church; after the Use of the Church of Dr. Whitehead ; Dr. Bill;'and Dr. Pilking

; designed for a standard of Christian belief, England." and contained the following articles or trea

A new and corrected edition, under learned and pious men commenced their

ton, afterwards bishop of Durham. These tises :-" The Declaration of faith. The ar- the name of the New Service, was pub- task in December, 1558, and completed it ticles of our belief, called the Crect. The lished in April 1552. Seren Sacrainents. The Ten Command

in the ensuing April, when Parliament ratiments of Almighty God. Our Lord's Prayer, ed in this new edition were as follow. that of enjoining the communicants to kneel,

The alterations of most importance adopt-fied the review, with one amendment only, called the Pater Noster. The salutation of the angel, called the Ave Maria. An article. The appointment of the sentences, exhorta- instead of standing, when they received the

With this of free-will. An article of justification. An tion, confession, and absolution, to be read elements of bread and wine. article of good vorks. of prayer for souls at the beginning of the morning and evening amendment the new book was commanded departed.". In the year following the publi- Book began with the Lord's Prayer; the re- of St. John the Baptist, 1559. Amongst

services, which in the first Common Prayer to be received into public use on the festival cation of this book, another step was made in the progress of reformation, as well as a the communion office, and in that for the nature, the following were suggested by the

jection of prayers for souls departed, both in soine other alterations of a trifling or verbal small advance in the introduction of a 2.0 burial of the dead ; of the invocation of the commissioners, and adopted in the Book of çulating of a form of procession, drawn up charist; of the prayer of oblution, that fol- The place in which the morning and evening in the English tongue, entitled, “ An exhortation to prayer, thought meet by his * The commissioners assembled in the month been the chancel) was left to the appointMajesty and his clergy, to be read to the of May, 1548, and came immediately to the ment of the ordinary. Proper first lessons people ; also a litany with suffrages, to be unanimous resolution, that, setting aside all pre were now appointed for Sundays; for hithersaid or sung in time of the processions." judice, they would reject nothing of what was

to those for the day of the inonth fiad been already done to their hand, merely through love We have seen above, that some steps had of change ; but only endeavour to restore the regularly used on the Lord's day. The very already been taken for providing the people the primitive church, by abolishing the public-ritual to the simplicity of the service of harsh and objectionable deprecation in the

litany was omitted : Froin the tyranny of with intelligible religious services, by the stitious errors and ceremonies with which Popers the bishop of Rome, and all his detestable publication of the king's Primer, the Form had encumbered the worship of God. The com- enormities, good Lord deliver us." The inof Procession, and the Necessary Doctrine ruissioners, therefore, entered upon an ex- tercessions for the Queen were incorporated and Erudition for any Christian Mun; but amination of the Breviaries, Missals, and Rituals, into the same service; and towards the conthese did not amount to the establishment of in general use, as well as the book of offices ; | clusion of it, “ A Prayer for the Queen's a general and uniform liturgy, nor were and scrupulously comparing them with ancient Majesty" was introduced; together with that they attended with any compulsory injunc- liturgies, and the ritual compositions of the early for®

“ the Clergy and people," and the beaution to ensure their exclusive use. Much fathers, they adopted whatever had the authority tiful collect which cominences with these had hitherto been left to the discretion of the of scripture, and the sanction of pure ecclesiastical words, “ O God, whose 'nature and property officiating clergy, who, in the performance antiquity on its side ; and rejected whatever was is ever to have mercy and forgive." The of public worship, scein either to have con- idle, or superstitious. Dr. Bennet has made a habits of the officiating ministers, enjoineu tinued the use of the popish services, with-curious calculation of that proportion of our by the first book of King Edward, and proout making any alteration in them, or to present offices which has been borrowed from hibited by the second, were ordered ayuin to have adopted only partially the new ones Popish liturgies, and states it as not exceeding be a:topred. The rubric, which was added prepared by the reformers. A committee, one fourteenth purt.

at the conclusion of the communion service,

in the second book of King Edward VI. denying Ilouse of Coinmons, in the year 1795, for to him, in order to secure its contents from Christ's corporal and reul presence in the holy a reward of 1000!, to be granted to Mr. El-being purloinod. One of his slaves, however, sacrament, was now left out; and in order still kington, whom he stated to be the best arl- perforated the vessel at the bottom, and further to conciliate the Roman Catholics, ist for draining the country; Mr. Jekyll, drew off part of the wine. The pedant, exand unite the nation in onc faith and mode of who sat next to him, whispered in his ear, pressing his surprise at the decrease of the worship, the royal injunctions expressly you forget the King of Prussia, and the liquor, a friend recommended him to exacommanded, that the sacramental bread, Emperor of Germany; who have shewn mine the lower part of the caski, “ Blockwhich the rubric only enjoined to be of the theniselves infinitely inore successful artists head,” replied the pedant, " it is not the finest wheaten flour, should be made of a for draining the country, and have already bottom but the top of my wine which I have round form, similar in shape to the wafer been much better paid for it.”

lost.” used in the Romish mass.

Few persons are more remarkable for those One Pedant meeting another said to · Under the house of Stuart the Puri- sprigbtly conceits in conversation, which, by him, “Why I heard that you were deal." tans and Presbyterians endeavoured to a strange misnomer, are called good things, His friend replied, “you sce, however, that

than the Rev. S-y Sm—th. An ac- I am alive.” introduce other changes; but the Church

“So you say,” returned he, quaintance of his some time since expressing “ but the man who gave me the account was Commissioners, on a review, adopted his doubts, whether he would find a residence more worthy of credit than yourself.” only a few slight typographical and ver- upon his country living altogether accordant A Pedant, wishing to cross a ferry, bal alterations ; by which our Book of to his taste, or rural pursuits suited to a man entered the boat on horselack. On being Common Prayer, is it now exists, was of London habits; the witty clerk replied, asked his reason for so doing; “ That I may definitively settled, as we have above " You are entirely mistaken, Sir, the situa- make haste," said he. stated, in 1662.

tion is precisely what I could wish. I have These may suffice for the illustration We have thought that these historical and ever looked forward with pleasure to the

always has a little green spot in my heart, of the Rev. author's production; and particulars, in a condensed shape, might future in Rus."

we have only to add, that the seemivg be agreeably quoted, especially as, David, the painter, was a monster of cru- incongruity of subject is not so observ. though well known to Divines and elty He was intimately acquainted with able when divided into separate volumes, Scholars, they are scattered over so Robespierre, Whoin he much resembled in as when thus brought together in our many large works, as to be far from character; and was accustomed to say, “If review, familiar to the general reader. We

I love blood, it is because pature has given shall now close with a few examples of me, that disposition. He attended the The History and Antiquities of the Metrothe Story Teller, and Jokes of Hierocles, Desmoulins, as a spectacle connected with

politun Church of York; illustrated by from the second volume. his improvement in the art of painting ; and

a series of Engravings, of Piews, EleSmuggling, it appears, is not an exclusive at the time of the massacre of the prisoners vations, Plans, and Details of the characteristic of the English nation. Our at La Force, in September 1792, he was Architecture of that Edifice ; with Bineighbours the French are up to all the tricks composedly making sketches from the dying ographical Anecdotes of the Archbishops. ud artifices of the system, and play off upon and the dead. Reboul asked him what he John Bull a variety of impositions in the line was doing? “I am catching,” said he, “the

By John Britton, F. S. A. London, of contraband trade. A short time after the last convulsions of nature, in these scoun

1819, 4to, pp. 96. restoration of intercourse between France and drels."

In our Volume for the year 1818, will England, a countryman of ours who was tra

The old Grecian has furnished

be found (at page 503,) an account of velling throuhy the Netherlands and Flanders,


Mr. Britton's immediately preceding on to Paris, made a purchase at Brussels of 1001 a modern wit with matter.—ex. gr. worth of lace, which he intended to convey A. Pedant, meeting his friend, thus volume, the History of Winchester Cahome, free of duty, as a present to his wife, addressed him, “ In a dream the other night,

thedral. The praises bestowed on that According to the present regulations on the I spoke to you." · I crave your pardon,'

beautiful performance, are equally me. continent, a heavy impost is paid, at the returned the other, “ for not attending to rited by the present, which possesses frontier towns, on all articles of Flemish you."

the same antiquarian research dwelling manufacture, which are brought from thence A Pedant visiting a sick man, asked on the instructive rather than on the into France. Of this the gentleman was not how he was? The patient being too far controversial ; the same admirable illusaware ; and of course when he reached the gone to answer, the other cursed him, and trations of the subject by suberb enfrontier town, his lace was seized by the oli exclaimed, “I wish I were ill myself, that ver of the customs. He tried every means I might treat you with the same incivility, gravings; and the same means of pleasto regain the packet from the harpy, but when you inquired after my health.”

ing the mind and eye by its composition without success. He was given to under A Pedant having dreamt one night and ornaments. The public is, indeed, stand that no compromise could be made ; that a nail had run into his foot, and given much the author's debtor for this eleand that the duty, which was a heavy one, him great pain, put a bandage round the gant and useful work : and it is with remust be paid. Unwilling to lose what he part. A friend accidentally met him, and gret we observe it stated in the preface, had already advanced, and at the same time learning the cause of his limi, being swathed, that a pursuit of such national concernexceedingly disinclined to pay a considerable inquired how he could think of sleeping ment is persevered in, to the detriment additional sum for an article, which, after without shoes ? all, was of no essential importance, he was A Pedant had carefully sealed the head of its able and zealous follower, Bebalancing in his mind whether he should re- of a cask of excellent wire which belonged sides Winchester, Salisbury and Norlinquish or redeem it; when he received a

wich have already been described and packet froin the custom-house containing the * The original word is Exod arones; a word delineated ; and we see it announced object of leis anxiety; and a note, informing to which we hare no corresponding single term that the histories of other Cathedrals Juinn, that the officer begged to return his in the English language. It does not so much lace, with an apology for having seized it ; convey the idea of a pedant, or dull, learned are in a forward state of preparation : “ for that, on a close inspection, it was discoxcomb, as that of a man whose inind has

been coinpletely absorbed, and time entirely encovered that the article was of English and grossed, hy books, or rather, by the trilling of our good king George the 11.; who, being

+ This puts us in mind of an anecdote told mot Brussels manufacture; and therefore not disputes of the schools, to the exclusion of all overtaken by a riclert tempest on bis passage to liable to the duty."

observation of of living manney, and all cxpc. Holland, exclaim, with great agitation," Da. When Sir John Sinclair moved in the rience of thc compra affairs of life.

bli my guard."

« AnteriorContinuar »