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figure, with a belt and hatchet, who had just from the wall behind it, I discovered the worın as in the planet in the fungus as in the come in at a back door; and when you have real, the genuine night-marc; no sickly oak. got the picture to this height of colouring, offspring of the fancy, mounted by a sleepkeep looking at it with all the chilly sensations oppressing demon, but a good su!istantial
THE GAROS. which it inspires, till the recollection coines horse, who, with a kindly snort, dismissed
In our last Number, we abridged, upon you, that, whatever the prospcet, all my fears and anxiety: not even a window there is no eluding it; and I think you will glass separated me froin my welcome com- from the narrative of Francis Hamilton have done enough for yourself in the way of panion, and I was glad of it ;--for there was Esq., an account of the kingdom of terrors. There was no getting out of this inore to allay my doubts in his physiognomy, Asam : the same authority supplies the business ; 80 I judged it better to put a good than in that of ony of his ma-ters, and, following particulars respecting another face upon it, and, calling for a bottle of patring his necks throngh the hole in the oriental people, formerly more powersuch winc as they had, and an omelet, we vall, I wished him good vight, and slept till ful than they noiv ane'; namely, The refreshed ourselves and retired to rest ; but six the next morning, without further fcar noi befure we had examined our separate or trembling.
Garos. cells, (without indeed appearing to do so,) “ Had we giren ourselves time to think, Previous howerer to entertaining this subto see that there was no way of entrance or we should not have found it so dificult to ject, the author takes a brief view, chiefly exit, but by the door at which we were in account for the strange appearance of things, statistical, of the countries azljacent to Asam, troduced : having settled matters on this on our arrival at this place. The prosimity consisting of Bhotan and iis dependancies point to our satisfaction, we separated. of the wood might have accounted for the Dalimkoth, Lukidwar, Baksa dwar, Ripud
“ I must confess I did not like the appear- hatchet and belt, and the novelty or visitors war, &c. north of the Brahmaputra, and of ance of things, but could hardly bring myself in a carriage, for the silent reception and the Tripura,Monipur, Jaiutiya, Kachlar, Chinghto believe in the residence of banditti so nicar respectful whispers, as wcil as for the arm po, Nora, &c. to the south of that river. the public road, except in the pages of ro- that beckoncd, in order, no doubt, to inakc The people of the district of which Manipur mance. Caution, however, is alsvays the sileat enquiry about the unlookexi-for guests. is the capital, are called Moitay, and the right side of doubt ; 80, without taking off the fact is, the inhabitants of this lone re-country produces elephants, borses, buffaloes, more than my coat and boots, I threw my- sidence were howers of wovil, and in all pro- and oxen. Its wonderful abundance, or self into bed, and lay divided between sleep bability, (whatever their appearance,) full as the excessive disproportion of the precious and the adventure; but just as the former honest as ourselves.”
may be imagined, when we say that was getting a-head, and I had nearly for As Mr. H. observes no system in his tivelve coirs may be bought for a rupee, gotten where I was, I heard a strange breath- lucubrations, we may be the more readily about twopence half-penny a piece, and as ing noise, close to the head of my bed, and excused for following the same rule of' want much rice as a man can consuine in a year began to fear I had not been suficiently par- of rule. We shall therefore only loriefly add, for the same inoney! The sugar cane grows ticular in esanining my room ; for no one that he has made some blunders is his as thick as a man's leg. could enter by the door, as I had taken care names of painters, speaks of the oaths of It is to the westward of this that the reto double lock and bolt it
. I listened again, the Horaces, and coinmits a few other mains of the Garo nation have retired to the and heard the breathing distinctly; my heart otiences amenable to criticisan. But as his hills for independance ; all their territories began now to quicken its pace a little, anil performance has not chailenged close esa on the plains having been gradually conquerhad got from the quiet genile walk into a wination, we shall now dismiss it, with the ed by the Zemindars (Bengal) and other trot : I thought that before it got into a cxpression of a hope that the next will be cnemies. Mr. Hamilton's observations apgallop, it would be better to be on my legs, betier; if not, we shall abjure the lines in ply to the northern parts of the Garo counand prepared for the worst ; 80 jumping ont John Gilpin.
try, the only preceding intelligence respectof bed, (as much as to say, who's afraid?) And when he next doth ride abroal,
ing which that we have seen, consists of the I rushed to the door, and unbolting it, dis May we be there to see.
very short geographical note of Major Renturbed one of the many occupants of the
nell, and some remarks on the southern side, kitchen, which was by this time converted An Introduction to the Knowledge of the by Nir. Eliot, who (as well as Major Reninto a general chamber :-“Est-ce
que sieur manque le P” was the first exclamation
Fungusses, &c. &c. London, 1820. pp. sions of the Garo dominions are now limit. which greeted my ear, in a female voice,
ed to about 100 miles in length from east to since our arrival.“ Non," replied I, “ je When we opened this little publication, west, and thirty in breaslth from north to manque seulement la lumière."—With the we thought we were about to fall upon soine south. The extreme difficulty of penetragreatest good nature she brought me one, satire on men of sudden wealth, and equally ting into this territory is the cause of its and showed her civility in so doing, at the sudden importance, brokers, nabobs, specu, preservations for Mr. Hamilton tells us " It expense of her modesty, for she had nothing lotors, trading politicians, or such like; and seems a mass of hills from 1000 to 2000 feet on but her chemise ; I wished her good were not disagreeably disappointed when we of perpendicular height, and very sleep; and night, and, having again secured my door, discovered that it was literally a bona fide although watered by numerous sinall streams renewed my examination of the room. scientific performance, to help the botanical contains scarcely any level land, the hills
“ Darkness is a powerful ally to terrors ; student to a knowledge of mushrooins, being every where immediately contiguous to and it not unfrequently happens, that with champignons, toad-stools, and other fungi. each other. Towards the centre, I am creout its assistance, they are scarcely formida- These are divided into fourteen genera, (too dibly informed, that there are immense masses ble enough to produce more than a start on few, we imagine,) and brief definitions given of naked rock, and even large spaces totally the nerves which they assail. The breathing of each, are rendered more plaiu by coloured destitute of vegetation; but so far as I saw, which I had heard, I now began to think figures. The descriptions seem accurate; anel as I ain told, is the case in by far the could have been nothing but the wind, and the but are, perhaps, somewhat too technical grcater part of the territory, the hills, howrustling of the leaves in the great wood beside without explanation for the use of learners. ever steep, consist of a deep rich soil, and us,—so valiant does a lighted candle make us. All elementary works ought to be, as the are fit for being cultivated by the hoe. The I was almost resolute enough by this time to phrase is, a:lapted to the ineanest capacities. climate being very moist, such a soil probe ashamed of myself; and out of bravaslo, We are gladd however, to see any thing done duces a most luxuriant vegetation; and wherwas actually going to extinguish the light, to rescue this branch of botany from the ever undisturbed by cultivation, the mounwhen my hand was arrested by the dreaded neglect it experieneca, and think this very tains are covered by noble forests, that consound. I listened attentively, and traced it small tract may afford both gratification and tain a great variety of trees and plants, highto the place I ai first innagined it issued instruction to those who love to study the ly ornamental, curious, and valuable.” from. There was no:v no longer a doubt productions of nature, which are wonderful Such Garo chiefs as remain upon the upon the point ; so, pulling my bed away in thc ant as in tlie elephant in the glow- pluins, arc tributaries to other powers ; aar!
we therefore contine our view to the occu- clan who have disputes ; for it would not ap- of adultery, unless he chooses to give up his pants of the mountains, whoin freedoin and pear that they have a right to inflict any pun- whole property and children, and to this he independance render worthy of contempla. ishment unless a man should be detected in seldom consents, except when he knows tion.
uttering a falsehood before them, in which that some other wornan, who is richer than “ The Garos are a short, stout-limbed, case he would be put to instant death, more his wife, will take him for her husband. A active people, with strongly marked Chinese from popular indignation than from a regu- woman, whenever she pleases, inay turn countenances, as is the case with all the ab- lar progress of justice. Dishonesty or steal. away her husband, and may, in general, inaroriginal tribes of the monntains, from the ing seem rarely to be practised, and almost ry any other person, conveying to him the Brahmaputra to Cape Negrais. In general the only source of dispute seems to be mur- whole property that her former husband the features of the Garos are harsh, but the der, which woull appear to be an ordinary possessed, and taking with her all her chilchiefs are raiher handsome, and their man-crime. But the relations of the persons aren; but the rank of the children arises ners, in both urbanity and veracity, are su- killed, are, by custoin, held bound to de- from that of their father. A inan is thus perior to those of the Zemindars of Bengal. mand' blood for blood, and ought to put to placed in a very dificult situation. If his The Garo chiess in their address are equally death either the murderer or one of his kind wife chooses á paramour the husband is exempt from insolence and adulation; two dred, or at least one of his slaves. The other terrifier lest this invader should be able to extremes into which the Zemindars are apt fatnily then is bound to pursue a similar persuade the woman to transfer the property to indulge, according as they are confident or mode of retaliation, and the feud would thus of the family. It is true, that, as a remedy, afraid; while the veracity of the whole Garo continue endless, unless the council interfer- he may kill the lorer, which he may do withnation is undoubted ; and it is arowed by ed, and brought about a mutual reconcilia-out blame; but lie is afraid not only of the the Bengalese that a Garo was never known tion, which it is usually able to effectuate, sevenge of the man's kindred, but of that of to forfeit his word. It is admitted by both by inducing the parties to accept a price for his wife, who, if permitted to enjoy her lover, people that a Garo woman can carry on the the blood that has been spilt. Although might be unwilling to disturb the family in hills as great a load as a man of Bengal can every head of a family has an equal right to which she had lived, but who would be very carry on the plain ; and that a Garo inan sit in their assemblies, the influence of the apt to avenge her lover's death by choosing can carry one thiul more ; and this is attri. chiefs, or of one or two wise men, usually a new husband. In fact, however, it is said buted to their using more animal food and decides every thing.
that divorces are very rare, and nany wives spirituous liquor.
"When a man of one clan murders a per- when they are intiri, or have no children, “Garo is a Bengalese word, nor do they son belonging to a different community, the allow their husbands to marry a second wife, seem to have any general word to express matter is arranged with more dificulty, and or to keep a concubine.. When a chief dies, their nation, cach of the tribes into which it often produces a war, unless the chief's mu- lis heir is any one of his sister's sons, that is divided having a namne peculiar to itself. tually endeavour to reconcile matters, in his widow, or if he has left no wiilow, that An individual of the tribe ütljoining to Haw- which case their influence generally prevails ; his surviving concubine chooses. The foraraghat is called Achhik ; but the collective but they have no authority to declare peace tunate youth, if married, immediately gepaname or plural number is Achliikrong: The or war, nor even in the field do they pretend rates from lis wife, who takes all his private high hills of Mechpara are occupieil by the to coinmand any free man. If any man fortune and children ; while he marries the Abeng. The tribe bordering on Mechpara complains of an injury, such as one of his old woman, and receives the dignity, fortune, and Kalumatupara, that occupies the high family having been murdered by a foreigner, and insignia of honor becoming his high rank. mountains and retains un entire independence, the whole clan is ready to avenge his cause, These insignia consist of a red turhan, two is th: Kochinasindiya. The tribe border- or to fight until their companion is satisfied. bracelets of bell-metal for each arm, and a ing on Susangga is called Kochu, or Counch, No coinpulsion can be used; but the man string of beads for his neck, and are bestowed . as Mr. Eliut writes. The tribe of the Garo who refused to take the field would be en- in a yreat ceremony, that cannot cost less nation that borders on Asam is called Nu- tirely disgraced. In the field every frce man than a hundred rupees. These acquisitions, niya. Part of the Nunyas have been (Nokoba) fights as he pleases; but the however, do not always compensate for the converted to the worship of Vishnu, and slaves (Nokol) forin about two fifths of the disparity of age in his bride ; and a boy who occupy a large portion of the lower part of whole population, as they almost entirely had been lately elevated to the dignity, after Asam ; a part however inhabits the moun- belong to the chiefs, and as they all are led taking a draught of wine that opened his tains, and is independent. The Nuniyas are to war, and implicitly obey the orders of heart, complained with great simplicity, also called Dugol.
their masters, the influence of these last pre- that he had married an old toothless creature, “The langua: e of the Nuniyas is said to dominates in every resolution; as their men, while his cousin, although poor, had a pretty be different froin that of the other Garos ; acting in subordination, form the chief young wife, with whom he could play the and although all Garos can intermarry, it strength of the clan. The slaves are not whole day long. When the old lady dies he is generally admitted that the Nuniyas are of only distinguished for their obedience, but will of course take a young wife, who will pro. highest rank. Their priests can officiate for for their courage, as freedom is a reward bably survive him, and select a new chief from all Garos; but no priest of any of the other often bestowed on such as exhibit valour. among his sister's sons. The wife of a chief tribes can officiate for a Nuniya. The Nuniyas Unless, therefore, the injury has been com- may divorce him, but she must choose her and Kochunasindiyas haye inade some far- mitted by a chief on some person of a chief's next husband from the same noble family, ther progress in society than the others. family, the dispute is usually terminated after as its members alone are capable of being Some among them are merchants, and trade a little skirmishing, and the chiefs induce raised to the dignity. in slaves, salt, and silver ; while others are the injured person to accept a price for the “A man cannot marry his father's broartists, and work in iron, brass, and the blood of his kinsman.
ther's daughter; but he may marry the precious metals. The Achbiks and Abeng “ The important matters of succession, daughter of his inother's brother. A chief are all cultivators, who practise some rude and union of the sexes, have been arranged may marry the daughter of any free man arts, and who have no other commerce than in a manner that does not seem convenient. (Nokoba); but intermarriages between free the exchanging of the proluce of their farms “ A Garo man or woman, that has con inen and slaves are not tolerated; nor can for the articles which they want for con- nexion with a person of a different nation, is a man even keep a slave girl as a concubine. sumption. The languages of the four west-not liable to escominunication ; and any A great part of the slaves are procured ern tribes appear to be nearly the same. person who chooses to live among them and from the Nuniyas, who bring them from The Ichhiks seein to occupy by far the great follow their manners, may obtain the rights Asam. They are chiefly Garoa, who had est part of the territory, in which the nation of a free man. A young unmarried woman, been converted, and who have lost cast by is entirely independent.
who proved with child, would suffer no dis- impure feeding, and have been sold as a pu"The chiefs and the head men of families grace; but instances are very rare, as the nishment for iheir transgression. They of assemble in a council caller Jingma changga, women are usually married while children. course return to the customs of their ancesand endeavour to reconcile all those of the A man cannot turn away his wife on account tors, and often obtain freedom by their ya
and has a wife named Manim. No offerings which on account of their great breadth and I ly among those of the common class. Their
lorons conduct in war. Many poor parents, | heavenly bodies, sun, moon, and stars, and kept quite clean, partly by the canals which however, are reduced by want to sell their spirits who preside over hills, woods, and run through the city, and partly by the poor children; a conduct that is considered as rivers, are considered as the agents employed children, who collect and sell the streetreprehensible, but for which there is no pu- by Saljung to manage the affairs of the sweepings, and every thing that can serve the nishment. Several chiefs can bring 60 able world. White cocks are offered to the hea- purpose of manure. The streets are paved bodied slaves into the field, which in such venly bodies, and fermented liquor, rice, and with marble, and small granite stones of vasınall clans gives them a vast authority: flowers, are offered to the spirits of the hills, rious colours (migliurnolo), which are found
The Garos rear, for eating, kine, goats, rivers, and forests. The blood of the animal in the bed of the neighbouring river, and swine, dogs, cats, fowls, and ducks, and is first offered, and then, after the flesh has even two or three feet below ground in the they purchase froin the inhabitants of the been dressed, a portion is added to the offer- vicinity of the city. The houses, which are for low, country all these animals, together with ing, and the votary eats the remainder. the most part white, are three or four stories tortoises, and fish both fresh and dried. In There are no temples nor images. Before high, and are furnished with green window the hills they also procure many deer, wild each house a dry bambou, with its branches shades and balconies. They have in general hogs, frogs, and snakes, all of which they adhering, is fixed in the ground. To this the a very unpleasing effect, owing to a total
In fact they have no aversion to any Garos tie tufts of cotton, threads, and flowers, want of uniformity in the situation of the food, except milk and its preparations, all and before it they make their offerings. windows, balconies, and doors. The lower of which they aboininate ; and they have no They have an order of priests who, by stories of the houses are, for the most part, objection to eat in any company, nor to eat the Bengalese, are called Rojas, from the occupied by shops of various kinds, so that what has been dressed by people of another resemblance between them and the Rojas or the city has altogether the appearance of a nation. Their vegetable diet consists chiefly Ojas of Bengal. In their own language, these rast inarket. of rice and millet (Panicum Italicum) with priests are called Kamal. They marry, cul.
The utmost bustle prevails in the streets of many arums, caladiuins, and dioscoreas. tivate the ground, and go to war like their Afilan, particularly in those in the vicinity of For seasoning they have capsicum, onions, neighbours, and the office is not hereditary; the Cathedral, and in the royal palace, where and garlick ; but they do not use turmeric. any man who has committed to memory the the most elegant goldsmiths' and jewellers' In their dishes they employ both salt and requisite forms of prayer, may assume that shops are situated. In the latter, the goods ashes, and sometimes oil; but they cultivate oftice. These forins of prayer are publicly are very tastefully arranged, though in geno plant that produces this. From both the repeated at marriages, funerals, and in cases neral the shops of Milan are far inferior in rice and millet they prepare a fermented of sickness, or when the clan is about to en- magnificence to those of Paris and London. liquor, which is not distiller, and is used gage in war. The Kamals also pretend to The Milanese are passionately fond of both by men and women to great excess. explain the fates by an examination of the walking and riding., On Sundays, the proPoor people usually get drunk once a month, entrails of sacrifices. The liver, in particu- menade at the end of the Corsi, near the the chiefs once every two or three days. On lar, is an object of their attention. The pre-Villa Buonaparte,is crowded to excess. Rows such occasions they commonly squabble and sence of the priest is not necessary on the of lofty chesnut-trees forın a thick roof over fight. They liked the taste of brandy, but occasion of common offerings, that are made the heads of the promenaders, and shade them preferred wine, as not being so strong. to the gods.
from the sun. In the evening, the fashionAlthough the Garos have long raised “ The funeral of the Acchiks are incon-ables of Milan drive out in carriages, great quantities of cotton, they formerly venient and expensive. When a person dies, chaises, or whiskys, which extend in an unneither spun nor wove. They now have the relations are suinmoned to attend, and interrupted line to the Porta Orientale or the begun to practise these arts, and weave the ten or twelve days are allowed for their con- Porta di Roma. The common people resort sinall slips of cloth, which both inen and venience. As they assemble, they are feasted, to little public houses where wine is sold, women wrap round their waists, and their until the number is coinplete. In the mean and ladies of rank, after driving once or twice turbans. This constitutes their ordinary time the body falls into a dreadful stale of up and down the Corsi, return to the city dress. For cold weather they ma a kind corruption ; but no attention is paid to that to regale themselves with ices. of rug from the bark of the celtis orientalis. circumstance. The head of a stake is then
The inhabitants of Milan are very fond of This serves as a blanket, and by day is thrown formed into an image, supposed to resemble repairing to the coffee-houses, which are round the shoulders. The chiefs, or others the deceased, and the point of the stake is coutinually crowded with visitors, except in easy circumstances, when in full dress, driven into the ground. The body is then during a few hours in the inorning and afterthrow round their shoulders a piece of cloth, burnt, the bones are collected into an earthen noou; and in the evening they are frequented silk, cotton, or gold. Their favourite orna- pot, and the relations retire. After some by women as well as men. They are, for inent consists of rings of bell-metal, which inonths, when the fainily has recovered from the most part, elegantly furnished and brilare passed through the lobes of the ears, and the former expense, and has laid in a stock liantly illuminated. are so heavy as to distend these until they of food and liquor for a new entertainment,
The licentious manners of the women of reach the shoulders.
the relations are again assembleil, and feasted this city have frequently been condemned. “ In science they have not even proceeded for three days. The bones are then thrown Certainly, it cannot be said, that the morals so far as to write their own language : a few into a river.”
of the people in general have been imhave learned to write the Bengalese.
proved by their intercourse with the French. They believe in the transmigration of the
The custom of educating young females in soul, as a state of reward and punishment.
[By a German Traveller.]
cloisters is now exploded ; and, they are Those who are morally wicked are punished by being born as low animals. Those who
The city of Milan is eight Italian miles in taught nothing bui music, singing, and
French. have not been wicked, and who have made circumference, and contains one hundred and
The girls are for the most part pretty ; inany offerings to the gods, are born in
thirty thousand inhabitants. The streets high and wealthy fainilies. Saljung is the are narrow and angular, with the exception they have good figures and bright aniinated supreme god, who lives in heaven (Rang) the Porta Orientale and the Porta di Roma, of a few; for instance,' those which lead to eyes; but I observed some frightful coun
tenances among the old women, particularare made to this goddess; but to her husbanıl are offered male goats, swine, and fowls. length, serve as promenades to the inhabi- natural ugliness is, if possible, increased by This seems to be the deity whom Mr. Eliot tants, and are called Corsi; The streets of with their hair hanging down in disorder. called Mahadera, which merely signities the
Milan, notwithstanding their narrowness, are Some of these old gorgons wear powder in great god; but there is no affinity between Saljung anı! Siva, who, by the Brahmans is traction at present, through its famous Com- effect.
* Milan has got a sort of supra- English at their bristly hair, which has a truly hideous usually called Mahadeva. Saljung, in fact, mission. We take this time to lay a very clever The principal eclifice in Milan is the celeis the firmament or visible heavens. The account of it before the public.--Ed.
brated Cathedral, which stands in the very
centre of the city. It was begun in the year drew a meridian line across it, the extre-one, is built in the Gothic style, and consists 1385, by order of John Galeaz Visconti, the nity of which is carried up the wall; for the of three naves ; the floor is paved with first Duke of Milan. Some suppose the winter-solstice, on the wall, where the image variegated marble. In the choir are some architect to have been a German, named of a goat is figured, the sun's rays enter pretty specimens of mosaick in coloured John Gamodia, while others attribute the through an aperture in the dome. The glass, executed in the tenth century by some plan of this magnificent structure to Marco windows of the middle nave are of plain Greek artists, who were at that time in de Campilione. Io the building of this Cathe- glass, but those of the side naves are. Italy. dral, the Duke assigned an abundant quarry painted. The church contains pictures by The Ambrosian library, which was founded of marble, situated at Candoglia, near the Percaccini, Zuccaro, Barocci, Flammeng- in the seventeenth century by Charles Frevalley of Domo «l'Ossola. Tlie stone was hino, Cerano, Figino, &c. The statue of derick Borromeo, is not so rich in printed conveyed along the Lago Maggiore, to the St. Bartholomew, by Agrati, stands behind volumes as in manuscripts; of the latter, Tessino, and froun thence to Milan by the the choir, completely in shade. As an ana- the most important are the Jewish antiquiNavigliu canal. The Gothic style of archi- tomical study, it may be interesting and ties of Josephus on papyrus, probably writtecture was chosen, and for the space of two useful, though it certainly has but few ten in the seventh century; a copy of Virgil centuries, the works were carried on accord-claims to beauty. On the pedestal are in- of the thirteenth century, which belonged to ing to the original plan. Under Charles scribed the words. Non me Praxiteles sed Petrarch, and the manuscripts of Leonardo Borromeo, the front was completed and Marcus finxit Agrati. The people of Milan da Vinci. The library is open four hours ornamented; and it was agreed, that in set a high value on this piece of sculpture, every day. finishing the edifice, the Gothic and Grecian and relate many anecdotes respecting it. In an apartment, which was once the restyles should be united. Pellegrini's plan They declare that its weight in silver has fectory of a cloister of Dominican monks, was adopted, and a cousin of Charles Bor- been offered for it. It formerly stood in a near the church of Maria della Grazie, may romeo, who was a great friend and patron niche on the outside of the church, but it was be seen Leonardo da Vinci's celebrated picof art, carried it into execution. At a later deposited in the interior, in consequence of a ture of the Lord's Supper. The cloister is period, the architect Soare made some altera- report that the inhabitants of Bergamo, now transformed into barracks; but the retions on the building.
whose tutelur saint the statue represented, fectory is kept closed, and a sinall sum is The exterior of the Cathedral has a most had laid a plan for carrying it off. The paid to the porter for admittance. The picimposing effect; it is entirely faced with church contains other statues of saints, but ture, though on the wall, is painted in oil, white marble, and appears like a huge moun- they present nothing remarkable.
and not on the bare lime (al fresco). Frantain of stone with numberless towers, loaded The baptiserium stands on the left-hand cis I. of France, who saw it in all its beauty, with carved work, and adorned with thou- side of the grand entrance; it is a beautiful wished to have it removed from the walls sands of statues of various sizes. Its im- urn of porphyry, which was found in the and conveyed to Paris ; but the process was mense magnitude bewilders the imagination, Thermæ. Above is a canopy, executed after not then sufficiently known, and it was deemand the whole structure pleases from its the design of Pelegrini, and supported by ed hazardous to meddle with it. Since that sublimity rather than from its beauty. It has pillars of a kind of marble, called Macchia period, this master-piece of art has been exa most singular, and it may be said, magical Vecchio, which is found at Arzo, near the posed to the most shameful injuries. It effect, by moon-light, when the numberless Lake of Lugano.
was painted in the year 1497, and in 1566, statnes by which it is surinounted, seem to The choir is of considerable extent ; in the Vasari found it in a wretched state, as did be floating in the blue ocean of the clouds. inside it is adorned with elegant bas-reliefs of also Armenini, who in the year 1587, wrote
The church is built in the form of a Ro- carved wood, and on the outside with white an account of the picture. "It is not improman Cross, and a flight of steps leads to the marble. At each of the two entrances there bable, that the circumstance of its being entrances, which are five in puber. The is a pulpit supported by bronze-figures of painted with oil, has accelerated its decay, doors are all of coinmon wood, except the fathers of the church, as Cariatides. as the oil has not united with the damp of principal one, which is painted grey. The On the left side of the church, near the the wall; others suppose that the covering pillars before this door arc seven feet in grand altar, is a staircase, consisting of four which Leonardo laid on the wall has proved diameter. The interior of the church hundred and sixty-eight steps, leading to a the cause of the mischief. So little were the has a very grand effect, owing to its vast balcouy which runs completely round the ignorant monks aware of the value of this adsize. The largest portion, -namely, that building. Those who take the trouble to mirable performance, that they cut through which extends from the front to the arm of ascend this interminable staircase are amply the figures of the Saviour, and several of the the cross, is divided into five naves, each of repaid, by being as it were transported into a Apostles, in order to make a door to comwhich has a separate door. The gothic region of sculpture į and the magical effect municate with an adjoining apartment. On arches and avenues are supported by fifty of the innumerable statues is increased by another occasion it was partly washed off, two marble columns, each forty-cight feet the dazzling whiteness of the whole structure, and again restored by Michael-Angelo Belhigh; and the naves are lighted by five and the gilt image of the Madonna which luti
. It however received the greatest dacupolas, the principal one being supported surmounts the lofty spire. In clear weather mage in the year 1796, from the troops who hy four massy pillars, twenty-seven feet in this balcony commands a most extensive converted the refectory into a stable. circumference. The church' measures 455 prospect; the chain of the Alps which unites
(to be concluded in our next.) feet in length, from the front to the polygon with the Apennines, is distinctly visible, behind the choir ; the five naves are 166 feet together with the luxuriant plains of Lom
ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE. in breadth ; and the breadth of the whole bardy, justly styled the Garden of Italy,edifice is 267 feet, including the chapel of the towns of Pavia, Bergamo, Brescia, &c. To the Editor of the Literary Gazette. Madonna dell' Albero on the north, and that In the vicinity of the cathedral, there is a Sir,—The conjecture in Galiffe's Italy, of of St. Jean Bono on the south, which form church called Santa Maria dei Morti, the the origin of the Roman languagé, mixes with two towers at the extremities of the arm of the singularity of which attracts the attention of some fancy so much fact, that it is to be hoped cross. + The walls are nearly 7 feet in thick- foreigners. The walls are entirely lined the attention of our antiquaries will be turned ness. 'The floor is paved with white marble; with human skulls and bones piled up in with new interest to the older monuments of and in the year 1786, suine astronomers various forms ; the altar is ornamented in a Rome, or rather of the ruined cities in its
similar way, and the church contains several territory, which by their early overthrow have * The largest churches in Europe may be crucifixes forined of piles of human skulls. preserved their ‘monuments from being ranged in the following order, taking their
The church of St. Ambrose is the oldest pounded into mortar or buried in caverns by length as the point of comparison for their in Milan. It was originally built in the fourth the spirit of building. The greater part of sizc: -St. Peter's at Rome, St. Paul's in London, century, by St. Ainbrose, that celebrated those monuments are in characters which and the Cathedral at Milan. The last, how wounder of the Catholic litaugy: The present have baffled the whole host of excavators and erer, exceeds St. Paul's in height.
Ghurch, which stands on the site of the old etymologists, and which for want of a better
solutis a thry bus for To'y did to be as we fountain of insanity, a
bie, on what no two authorities are all the powers engaged in mental parabo are But there are truns of a resemblance are thus brought to ai thr on rsal de moura 1. tr. Latin, in the Hileian, in the few and here an ostinate and contra of 15173 *.***** wlab this foda ne ingiuuiiy laza Mania, to my judginent, should be regar
s ensi to drlor out, and we may yeted as adult children, among a few of whom, to so bile to e lavprisonian for the elu comparatively speaking, there will cut a ca toata le appears that there were clare-drveney to'silence and mischief (often, 'n and d Jais in use among the fint however, increased by just resentinent, flow.rap*f$, *. Bu sestiers, of w.uch their posteritying from brutal treatment, but this point in title pirn so cariy as the time of Cicero, could the chararter of a few of these unfortunate truft cas, u dati tuale notar llur (arma Solare, for in- men, bas beeni, by general opinion, unjustlyn wat durerile tanee. 1. Emne T.,kes are will alertenked to the whole class. This sent that by r B. eden let r. Lai sou“ of the old with an went has ever been kept in view, and has lete the art of them leurs lop het then. The pr: s'at Ru sian bea most erroneously and most injurual, probabiy be eittwo will has not bos a unitten lanjut, or rather associated with the treatment of almost all scrut, in wlis 1 wew. hool s04 ** speed its prrscut carar eru til tufts of insanity :-hence their rigud cont progress liatelierte 1
inst these years. but the tonement, aut abos raciun from soricty; their sirreture, like that of the lor,congo dris TV'll; there has been always irons, and prisot-like cells, wbuh are gebly only be **virtas there a kind of lart som bare literature in the arrally unaru rasary, with many other revolt-, thine of patartottborret • Cl!rt. than plulosopher, or asie nally ine circumstances, almost always obstructing stron of what he state 1 * ! . grair tt; and the bootverra via their curr, and while have not, until late healthy, and as these state of 11 the lux: may have been the monthly ly, bera duly attended to. The physician ture meilleet lielie of each other, 19. 104 i min of air pornitors of the polished lan- who aims at a faithful discharge of his al operatiou nay the vaneid eurwit, vt het to Lorral (ity.
duty, out to analyze every recent case of minutrite to the same end Ilut,
Puur-hiths of the recent cases plair ! ander - forution of both, a'idth
my carr uave alreads teen cured, brakes or is.tekstof, kerrig woleliol may of* *s tan ful (Roward from L. G. u. Is1 ] veral wehrha were de: med incurable
rthestivas on it. 18. uri 6,8 ml On this interesting investigation, Dr.Veitrh
With the above impression acting on my part of the most it woul!! best. Pu'a'y Cemalantars to obecnie w of think mind, ami well knowing the tractable cha ... if that draw, whs la luze bricol Bug on the subject of the mural treatment of rac ter of a great proportion of the insane. tip deravel a litt.. misstagr trum male love thai seos, has recently occurred to me ; and worried not a person in the capacity of an in- t'ial rufet si card frm the we do I belarve to be arw in its apparation, structor, or setul-master, be useful at the last of (ties like the bursa ant heir to be useful to that unlontanate, mat-brises! Thus, those whose mindo: of th these hilis. In alle osses te! sa e ha faterted class of our clie-tra were in any degree arron, ceard, or inform art. 1 pp 19'..'",obra-son of oli . turrs. I am therefore in luni, well kuw.ed on suljects of an, mi, hat he employni bitp., an! : mabuo vety 1. iy ing th- inletrat which the Boari takes in the with such arts anul aerotrplashmorats, or unit to all neople not curre al caps ex-sabutt and rovery of the patze sits breder reing one bruks, or directed to susu ise, as arrot'ered with mob deler my carr, to submit ihese opares to their pursuns, as would contribute to thrir ensur. a.1 I (an alira, that thery oft** renulerala The plan, il approved, can tə plov inent and to their remunery. Those who turn an artist and in disure di lavoro Con esteaded to our naval manis, amerz were capable, might be led to read altad but to a winnersta" !" !' inaay ni wizom these canta a turn for drawing others who were tras informed, and thus asat ut,'be? the greatest fil. io u that can be in maling.ship berbeda, writing and esposen ani in the restoration of sus la maniars, as well as luman Lise. in w' they slunub. I assun!, de ball advance their own cure ; iudend they might,
To th so preelle at Ants we li'l at prr. wiate telling cuts to furuste employ na ume iwlanys, be rendered the acto mont, ** suh obverts of attestaven molt ten bets anal instructon of each other; amarnt olva very fr~ rfranke
al forth and engage their meutal fa ulties, extension of my sdras on this bead, whate the I treauer we have ka the laser et elle eta an a mar lärty to contribute to tie troue to a greddet an whose name I at the hill raiment 15 per::$£# priem, that *ot, and to their antisemit. i sin derin moment de lule mentioning in the manner I frel ant. * to italoppss, isa is puista ser abcdo wa bara la to the tal maes could wila, as it nicht prove disagreradie. as
we bunast v, ou tem se extensre! 6.te as they in tans mstances, hair
sale of pol, t.tuia al nderous pt. I con ter the sugeration mot eirellent
tab shinente brea, seven now are, humoftra eunterm and bot.ly prax taule, and therefore likels podawane that was, ia ite carly sters, naperturn an bus. portant part in the intro.
The fosswing are the onsetains allowed e eundle Ching and pleasing pursuit serta mea.
: The want of an ** ** curentaly from an eta epeigoer-Irs, gearrails smaking....s, bus suivre butik blues descase to more posted to be sa silant terature of uneanty. lucturiith fur mbarra.
bral azul mixed Ouattuativa, will send to read mastele there is a hie u th: aflı tutuse at th- tnanlars,
mur projetzer, a more extendre sympathy drtect of attente, al even wenty of me, By ezekre new favoural de perrebite, or of.. tapisehal sa ani of var sorely dastreet presy Fractany a la gente las malas Forsing tarir duwd v p*n by cartone.foilue creatures, and the lawbrons unpression has led to the trail me out U i'm a la mai tre mentinvaria!! Cewing from the wund mard, c.******* In the spidst of femal
Tam, the fa... atrot, and many TIets aferente a rede sal 'Pale rot) <"**r, ni aten
them the near, aber bei fasthan trenger ones anal. Barumpers attes, er mere de la fame wafu, it should be 1 bag that we ,, artes,
roatinued, but when wynos raterred angre