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limits of Darfour. All these pilgrims can pursue their journey by three different the inhabitants of the countries through read and write a little ; and they all belong routes : viz. 1, through the interior of Abys- which the pilgriins pass, are so uncharitable to the class styled Faky (plur. Fakiha). I synia, by Gondar and Axum, to Massouah; and cruel to them; they think that every never found any of them quite illiterate. 2, along the Nile from Sennaar to Shendy ; | Tekroury is a king of Sourlan in disguise, After making soine progress in the schools and, 3, from Sennaar to Taka, by the way with abundance of gold about him.. of their country, (schools being met with in 'of Ras el fil, and from thence to Hallenga, all the Mohammedan countries of Africa,) | by which they escape the journcy through In Africa as well as in Arabia, the country they proceed to Mekka for the Hadj, or in the desert. Those who travel by the first people, wherever the black Fakys pass, are order to study the Koran and the cominen- route complain of being ill-treated by the eager to procure amulets of their writing, taries upon it, in that place and Medinah; Christians of Abyssinia, of never being al- which are supposed to possess greater virtue or to Cairo, for the same purpose; but the lowed to enter any house, or even court- than those of any other class of pilgrims. greater part go for the Hadj; at present yard, and of being fed like dogs (as they ex- There lives at present, in Cairo, near the there are not more than twelve in the mosque press it) before the threshold. They, how- Kara-Meydan, a Tekroury, who has been El Azhar at Cairo, and I did not find aböre erer, always obtain a copious evening meal. for many years famous for his amulets, and double that number in the great mosque at At Nassouah they remain a few weeks, till who makes large sums of money by writing Mekka; where they are occupied chiefly in they earn by their labour sufficient to pay them. learning thc Koran' by heart, in the belief, their passage-money by sea either to the

(To be continued.) that they can never forget a chapter which nearest coast of Yemen, which is one dollar, they have once learnt in the Beit ullah or to Djidda, which is two dollars. Their (house of od). The greater part of the usual rendezvous is Hodeyda, the sea-port

ANALY819 OF THE JOURNAL DES SAVANS,

FOR AUGUST AND SEPTEMBER 1819. Tekayrne who visit Mekka, coine from the of Yemen, froin whence they proceed to schools of Darfour, the principal of which Mekka, by land, passing through the hos

(Concluded.) are at Kondjara, in the neighbourhood of pitable tribes of Bedouins in the mountains

HISTORY OF VENICE. Kobbe. Those from the most western coun- of the Hedjaz. I estimate the number of Art. V. Histoire de la République de Venise, tries, who pass this road, are from Balr el Negroe pilgrims who pass by this route an par P. Daru, de l'Academie Françoise, Ghazal and Bagerine. All the Black Had-nually to Mekka at about one hundred and 7 rol. 8vo. jis from the countries to the west of Bagerme, fifty, or two hundred. Many Tekayrne are The review of this work being now confrom Bournou as far as Timbuctou, either settled in the sea-ports of Yemen, as well as cluded, we proceed, according to our promise, travel with the Fezzan, or great Moggrebyn at Djidda and Mekka. The third route is to give an account of it. pilgrim caravan, or proceed by sea froin the preferred by all pilgrims who are able to

While reading this important work (says coast of Barbary.

make a common purse in order to buy a the reviewer,) in which the author gives us Some of the Tekayrne of Darfour and camel for the transport of water and provi- a complete history of an illustrious republic Kordofan are possessed of considerable pro- sions ; and they are sure of finding at Taka, from its origin to the revolution, which in perty, and trade during their journey. At after a short stay, some merchants from our days has overthrown its ancient instituDjidda, I met with a man from Darfour, Souakin, in whose company they can pro tions and its government, I had constantly with three or four female attendants, and ceed to that place.

in my mind the fine verses of Sannazarius. half a dozen female slaves, which formed his It will readily be conceived that the dan Viderat Hadriacis ..... household, besides the slaves he carried with ger and fatigue incident to the journey prove Si nelago Tybrim præfers urbem aspice utramhiin for sale; but the greater part of them fatal to great numbers of the pilgrims; per que; are quite destitute, and find their way to haps one-sixth fall victims to their zeal ; the Illam homines dices, hanc posuisse Deos. Mekka, and back to their own country, by greater part of the diseases by which they The Venetians, it is said, called their city begging, and by what they can earn by their are attacked on the road, arise from their Opus Excelsi," the work of the Most manual labour on the road. The equipments being almost destitute of clothing; many High. of all these pilgrims are exactly alike, and perish in the deserts through want and fa The city stiil exists, but the institutions, consist of a few rags tied round the waist, a tigue, and others are murdered; but as all the government, the political rights which white woollen bonnet, a leathern provision who die on the road are looked upon as mar- rendered the Venetians an independent peosack, carried on a long stick over the shoul- tyrs, these contingencies have little effect ple, the origin of which was cocval with the der, a leather pouch, containing a book of in diminishing the annual nuinlers, or in di- inost ancient monarchy of Europe, have prayers, or a copy of a few chapters of the verting others from their purpose. Although ceased, perhaps for ever. I employ the exKoran; a wooden tablet, one foot in length, the greater number of the pilgrims are stout pressions of the historian of the Republic. by six inches in breadth, upon which they young men, yet it is not rare to see women . It has perished in that great revolution, write charms, or prayers, for themselves or following their husbands to the Hadj; and, which has overthrown so many states. A others to learn by heart; an inkstand, form- almost incredible as it may seem, one of the caprice of fortune has raised again the thrones ed of a small gourd ; a bowl to drink out of, men who joined our caravan at Taka was which had been subverted. Venice, almost or to collect victuals in from the charitable; blind.

alone, has irrevocably disappeared ; its peoa small earthen pot for ablution ; and a long Some of the Tekayrne are men of power ple are erased from the list of nations." string of beads hanging in many turns and wealth in their own country, but travel The author has been in a situation in which round the neck. The Tekayme seldom travel as paupers, in order to escape the dangers it was more easy for him to describe with alone, at least they never set out alone upon attendant on riches, in the journey. During entire impartiality the annals of this repubtheir journey ; they generally form parties our encampment in the plain near Souakin, lic, revealing, without inconvenience and o'

about half a dozen, and as opportunity I saw a young Tekroury sleeping in a lonely without injustice, the springs of a mysterious offers, join some caravan on the road, or spot, while another, kneeling by him, kept government, which has been by turns blamed proceed by themselves.' Their usual route off the flies from his face. On enquiry, I and admired, but which, at least, long exto Mekka is by Siout, by Sennaar, or by learnt from the other negroes, that he was isted with glory. Froin research into the Shendy. Those from the most western the son of a great chief in Dar Saley, who Archives of Venice, which were formerly countries meet at Darfour; after which, had been educated with the Fakys, and had secret; by indefatigable zeal and patience, such only as can to travel with the set out upon this journey, with a camel, and in examining all the great libraries, this work Darfour caravan, (which requires capital one servant only. At Shendy he had ex- of Count Daru's affords results, and contains sufficient to buy camels and provisions for changed the camel for an ass; the servant disclosures, which would distinguish it, even; the journey through the desert), repair to had become his friend and companion, and in this respect, from all those very numerous Siout, from whence they proceed to Djidda, both mixed in the crowds of the poorest pil- productions, hitherto published, whether by by the way, of Kosseir. The pilgrims who grims. It is principally owing to a few ex Venetians, or by authors not belonging to go by Sennaar come from Kordofan, and amples such as these, that the generality of the Republic.

The Veneti

, a people of ancient Italy, league, at the head of which were the Ge- was indebted for the public tranquillity, descended, according to some, from the Ve- noese, animated by an implacable spirit of which it consolidated without ceasing at the neti of Armorica, and according to others, rivalry, which aimed at nothing less than the expence of individual security, was that or from the Heneti of Paphlagonia, inhabited destruction of Venice. The author has, in the state inquisitors whose origin Mr. Daru the country on the shores of the Adriatic, this part, emulated the glory and nobleness fixes in the year 1454. Historians had hibetween the Julian Alps and the river Po. of his subject. We regret that we cannot therto been ignorant of the attributes, the On the irruption of the Barbarians into quote some pages, which would enable our means, and the forms of this formidable triItaly, and principally at the time of the ar- readers to appreciate the merit of the style, bunal, or had not dared to disclose them. rival of Attila in 452, the Veneti took refuge the art with which the author has employed The part of Count Daru's book which treats on sereral little islands, formed by the mouth dramatic forms, and the warmth with which of them, is a real historical conquest, which of that river. They chose at first a popular he has painted the exalted sentiments, the therefore merits peculiar attention. We see government; each of these islands elected generous devotedness of the Venetians during by the regulations which he has published, annually a tribune, who was charged with the reverses of their country, and in the pre- that this tribunal had in its pay, spies among the government and the administration of sence of the imminent dangers over which all classes of the inhabitants, to keep a conjustice, and these magistrates were responsi- they finally triumphed.

stant watch over the magistrates, the citible to the general assembly. In 697 it was The taking of Constantinople by Mahomet zens, the ambassadors. All the machinajudged necessary to appoint a supreme ma- II., the invasions of Italy by the French, the tions, all the perfidies of the civil inquisition, gistrate hy the name of Doge. The Doges discovery of the New World, and of the are laid open in this code. If, for instance, soon became ambitious to transmit their of passage to India by the Cape of Good Hope, among the patricians chosen to offices, any fice to their sons, or their relations ; factions had a very great influence on the foreign one dues not possess the entire confidence arose, feuds became hereditary. To secure policy, and the commerce of the Venetians of the inquisitors, he is to be surrounded the office in their fainily, the Doges generally Being obliged, according to circumstances, with spies, who are to teinpt him by making associated a son or a brother in the power, to change her friends and enemies, during the him mysterious proposals against the goduring their own life.

expeditions of Charles 8th, Louis 12th, and vernment; and if he does not immediately The island of Rialto, surrounded by inany Francis Ist, Venice at length enjoyed an un come and give an account of these proposals, little islands, was the most considerable; interrupted peace from 1540 to 1570, and it he shall be inscribed on the list of susthe Doge Angelo Participatio, united them is reinarkable that this peace was concluded pected persons. The ambassadors of Venice by bridges, and surrounded them with a by the authority of the council of ten, which at foreign courts, held a correspondence rampart in 809, and then it was that the city had given instructions and powers more with the inquisitors, in which they commutook the name of VENICE.

ample than those of the government itself. nicated certain discoveries of which they This republic had already had to defend In the 17th and 18th centuries the Venetians were not to speak in their dispatches to the itself against foreign attacks. Pepin and took a less active part in the affairs of Eu. Senate. We quote some of the articles. Charlemagne had turned their arms against rope. They remained neuter in the war of Art. XVI. When the tribunal shall have it: its commerce had prospered ; and either the Spanish succession ; but their neutrality judged the death of any one necessary, the through ambition or necessity, it had engaged was more injurious than advantageous to execution shall never be public; the person in various wars with its neighbours. As Ve- them. In 1719, the peace of Passarowitz condemned shall be privately drowned by nice had increased her power, the causes of seemed to have fixed the destinies of Venice; night in the canal Orfano. civil dissension had increased in the saine for after that peace the republic suffered no Art. XXII. Every two months the tribu. proportion. Towards the end of the 10th loss, made no acquisition, or exchange, and nal shall bave the mail of the courier to century the Doge Peter Urseolo I. afflicted avoided taking part in the wars for the suc- Rome brought to it, and the letters shall be by these discords, secretly left the palace, cession of Parma and Tuscany, and that of opened, in order to discover the corresponand retired into a monastery near Perpignan, the Emperor Charles VI.

dence which the papalists may keep up with where he assumed the monastic habit, and The Venetians then taking less part in that court. died in 997. the affairs of other powers, were more en

Art. XXV. The tribunal shall authorise Dominic Urseolo having formed a faction gaged with their own government. A great the generals commanding in Cyprus or in to obtain the office of Doge, to which he competition arose between the various Candia, in case there should be in the thought he had a title, as a relation of the powers, which successively attacked each country some patrician, or other person of preceding Doge, a fundamental law was other. It was under these circumstances consequence, whose conduct makes it depassed, prohibiting the nomination of a suc- that the French revolution surprized the sirable that he should not remain alive, to cessor to a Doge, during his life time. The Venetians, who were rendered supine hy a have him put to death secretly, if in their observance of this law was one of the prin- peace which had continued above seventy conscience they judge this measure indispencipal causes of the stability of the govern- years.

sable, and can answer for it before God.'' ment of Venice. Count Daru employs the Count Daru describes the various and nu This mode of proceeding, barbarous as it whole 39th book in describing it. This part mcrous incidents which preceder and brought was, had at least the pretext of the safety of of his work is of great merit, and highly on the catastrophe, which terminated the po- the state, and the public interest. But what' interesting besides, from its containing seve- litical existence of Venice. This part of his shall we say to ral details, now published for the first time. work is. entirely new; it contains very cu Art. XXVI. If a workman carries to a fo

The Crusades, which ruined other states, rious details, and very interesting circum- reign country any art, to the detriment of contributed to increase the commerce and stances, which we do not dwell upon, be the republic, his relations shall be thrown the power of the Venetians. After the cause every body is acquainted with the into prison ; if he does not return, measures taking of Constantinople, they received principal erents, and the fatal result. shall be taken to put him to death, wherever their share of the spoils of the entipire Another very interesting part of this work is he may be ; and after his death his relations of the East, and the Doge added to his the account of the differences between Venice shall be set at liberty. titles, that of “ Lord of a Quarter and a and the Court of Rome, in which the Vene Art. XXXV. relates to the nobles, who Half of the Roman Empire."

tians gave numerous proofs of a spirited and express their opinions in the senate." If One of the most honourable epochs in the enlightened opposition to the precensions of he proceeds to discuss the authority of the history of Venice, is undoubtedly, that from the papal see.

council of ten, and wishes to infringe upon it, 1378 to 1381. Count Daru calls it the War If we examine the political institutions of he shall be suffered to speak without interof Chiozza. This part of the work fills up Venice, and the spirit of its government, we ruption, then he shall be immediately arrested the whole 10th book. The republic, reduced admire but shudder at the terrible means and brought to trial, to be punished according to the last extremity, struggled with equal which served to found and to maintain this to the crime ; and if this means does not sucsuccess and courage, against the jealous ancient aristocracy,

ceed he shall be secretly put to death. powers and nations, united against it in a One of the institutions to which Venice Art. XXXIX. A discontentèd noble, who

NEW BRITISII SETTLEMENTS IN AFRICA

AND ASIA.

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shall speak ill of the government, shall be nothing remains but illustrious and terrible | bruary, Thursday, 8th; Saturday, 12th ; cited, and twice warned to be more circum- recollections.

Tuesday, 15th ; March, Thursday, 2ds spect; the third time he shall be forbidden Lastly, several maps and plans give an ad- Thursday, 16th ; Monday, 27th. to shew himself for two years in the councils ditional value to this great and excellent Yesterday, the first day of Lent Terin, the and public places; if he does not obey, if he work, which on many accounts deserves to following degrees were conferred :does not keep strictly in retirement, or if, be ranked among the number of good his MASTER OF ART3.-Rev. Charles Henry after the expiration of those two years, he is tories, which do honor to our literature. Watling, fellow of Jesus College. guilty of new indiscretions, he shall be drown- Art. VI. Count Orlofts Memoirs of the

BACHELORS OF Arts.-Thomas Jeffery ed, as incorrigible.

Kingdom of Naples, 2 vols. 8vo.--As we Bumpstead, Esq. Queen's College, grand These quotations will give a sufficient idea have in our 150th Number given an ex- compounder ; William Day, Esg, Brasennose of the other numerous articles drawn up in tract from this work, and in Number 151 College, grand compounder ; Édward Wanthe same spirit ; and which are the corol a letter from Mr. Blaquiere, announcing stall, Queen's College ; Charles Buck, St. laries of the principles laid down by the his intention of preparing an English trans- Edinund IIall; John Baron, Henry William tribunal.

lation of it, we shall refrain from further Buckley, Peter Hordern, and Francis StoneOf the 40 books which compose the his

notice of it, till Mr. B. shall have fulfilled hewer Newhold, Brasennose College. tury of Venice, there are some, in which the

his promise. nature of the subject has permitted the author

ORIGINAL POETRY. to shew a very superior talent ; such are the ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE. 4th and 5th, in which he relates the taking

[By Correspondents.) of Constantinople by the Crusaders, and the

TO SOPHIA. consequences of that great event; the 6th,

Though thou art lovely, and arrayed which contains an excellent essay on the go

(From a foreign Journal.)

In all the graces of thy kind, vernments of Italy in the 14th century; the

We learn from a correspondent in London, Those charms, alas! are but displayed 10th, on the war of Chiozza; the 19th, on that since the years 1812, 1813, and 1814, To raise a tumult in my mind. the commerce and marine of the Venetians : Lord Valentia has been commissioned by the Thou canst not love, nor canst thou tell, the 21st, on the differences of the republic English government, to examine the coasts

How I adore, nay dote on thee; with Paul V. ; the 31st. on the conspiracy of of Melinda and Abyssinia, and have surveys Thy form lives in my memory.

Where'er I go, where'er I dwell, 1618, in which the author, after a most lumi- made by engineers, (while a draughtsman, nous and convincing discussion, comes to the Mr. Scin, is travelling through the interior Then fare thee well! I would not leave conclusion, that there was no conspiracy of that country and of Nubia) in order to The thought of one so fair as thou, against Venice ; that the Marquis of Bede- found new comercial establishinents on th

Until thy death should bid me weave mar had never formed or favoured any reinains of the Portuguese industry. All the And e'en in that much dreaded hour,

A cypress wreathe to deck my brow. hostile project against the republic; and that anchoring places and entrances are already if fate should will I live so long, it was the Duke of Ossuna, viceroy of Na- fortified. By these means the access to the Thy gentle shade shall haunt my bower, ples, who with the design of seizing on the Red Sea is closed as much as that to the Thy lovely name shall grace my song: kingdom of Naples, with the secret assent Gulph of Venice : and it is probable that no Leeds, Jan, eth, 1820.

H. W, T. and aid of Venice, had kept up a private ne nation except the English will henceforward gociation with the Venetian government, the venture to visit the seas near the Island So

RELIGION. subaltern actors in which were first the cotora, of which they have already taken from the lone watch-tower by the howling deep, dupes, and then the victims, when the plan possession.

Where winds and waves their midnight revels of the Duke having failed, it was found ne

The Gulph of Persia is in the saine situ keep, cessary to treat as conspirators, agents who ation as the Red Sea: it is commanded

by The feeble taper gleams along the tide, were to have been the auxiliaries of the the English batteries ; establishments having And haply proves the wand'ring seaman's guide.

been formed To these we add the 35th book, which, north coast of that Gulph. The English Even whose deepest calms are deadly

strife, gives the picture of the republic towards the ship Favourite, Captain Ashley Maude, sur. To end of the last century; the 36th, 37th, and veyed the coasts of these islands in July, when reason fails, and hope is well nigh o'er,

To guide poor mortals on their dang'rous way. 33th, which include the fatal epoch from the 1816; they are eight in number, and this And close at hand impends th' eternal shore ; commencement of the French revolution till captain took possession of them in the name She's the last refuge-she alone appears the orerthrow of the Venetian republic; the of his sovereign, on the pretext that they To calm their woes, and dissipate their fears; 39th, which describes its governinent; and had never been marked in any chart en- She's the sheet anchor, which at length they cast, the 40th, which gives the picture of the state graved at London, though they were formerly And in the haven safe they ride at last, of literature, of the sciences, and the arts, visited by the Portuguese. The islands have

Leeds. Jan. 8th.

H. W.T. among the Venetians.

the following names :-Afř, Yarnin, Arzenie, Five volumes contain the history, properly Almy, Syr-bon-yass, Déluze and Cheraraon.

MALVYN. so called; and it will not appear diffuse if we They are situated on an immense bank of

A Fragment. recollect, that the history of the republic by pearl oysters, which extends nearly two A silly youth was Malvyn, yet he knew; the Abbé Laugier is in 12 vols. without notes, hundred English miles from North to South. His silliness as well as those who chid, without justiñcatory documents, and that it ends in 1750; that is previous to the events the pursuit of the Wechabite pirates; but

They were taken possession of to facilitate Nor for that knowledge were his faults less few,

But on he went, and neither check'd nor hid, which excite the most interest, and require they would be of importance if Persia should Nor deign’d to think of what was false, or true, the most developement, in the work of Count be obliged to give up the island of Bahrein to Or right, or wrong; as impulse sway'd, he did; Daru. Russia.

He was unto himself, God, king and friend, Two volumes contain the justificatory

Such was his whim, nor reck'd he where 'twould pieces, and the indication of the numerous

end. MSS. which the author has consulted. LEARNED SOCIETIES.

He was a villain, he would confess, Readers not accustomed to literary reearches, will not easily form an idea of those

OXFORD, Jan. 15th.

Tho' no one ask'd; and strange delight he

took which have been necessary for the coinposi The days appointed for congregations for T' expat ate with the utmost carelessness ion of this great work, which will henceforth the purpose of granting Graces and confer Upon himself; and read, as from a book,

the only one, in which we can completely ring Degrees, in the present Term :- viz. Ja- Vices too black, and should one strive to trace mddy the history of a republic, of which nuary, Friday, 14th ;. Thursday, 27th ; Fe. Aught that might have belied such in his look,

It was a stinging glance of scorn he threw, comic in the evening's entertainment. The not the man-to succeed upon the stage. To mock the eye that sought to read him play seemed to be a compilation made with His efforts, indeed, reminded us of the old story through.

no other view than to get every man and of a candidate for histrionica honours, who be. But yet so bold and openly he wore

woman belonging to the Drury Lane coin cause he drawled like one eminent actor, stutThe black distorted features of his soul, pany of comedians, and capable of acting, tered like a second, limped like a third, and None would believe them real, tho' he swore, upon the stage ; no matter whether with or squinted like a fourth, &c., maintained that

But deem'd them as a mask at his control, without a purpose. “ They had their exits he who concentrated so many qualities Which for strange pride or bluntness he drew and their entrances ;” and in this lay the which were seen in popular favourites, ought o'er

strength of the piece. From the second title, of course to receive in his own person the His nature, as he scorn'd t'enrol

Adventures in Madrid, we had a right to aggregate of the applause which rewarded Himself with man, but to be other strove,

expect some plot or incident; but, perhaps them severally. Thus Mr. Nathan, whose And card not, if below him, or above.

from not understanding Spanish, we could person is of indifferent proportions, whose There was some truth in this, at least as far detect nothing of either kind. The majority gesticulation is awkward, whose countenance

As his unwillingness to herd with man; of the visitors being in the same state of is theatrically inexpressive, and whose voice For he was to them, as a self-lit star,

blessed ignorance, it soon became evident is effete, secmed to calculate on imperfections That shines on all, tho' never shone upon; that all the gallantry of the drama could not and deficiencies; and, like his prototype And if he ever mingled in their jar,

save it. Indeed, it met with a decided and above described from Mr. Joseph Miller, was 'Twas but to laugh at all, and laugh with none, deserved condemnation ; and the inanager a utterly rejected. His condemnation was acSach was his appetite, and copions was his horn. little forgot his cue when in an address sig- celerated by the very injudicious encore of

pifying acquiescence in the sentence, he ven- his first song hy a multitude of rash friends ; He was the child of humour, and she gave

tured to hint that the difficulty of judging and in this respect another instance added of A softer tone at times, and on him then

between a good comedy and a bad one was the impolicy of a practice which we have so Counsel fell, as the hail-drop on the wave, That splashes first, then gently melteth in,

rather abore the comprehension of the au- frequently censured. The noble air" Scots Giving one hope, that something yet might save_dience on a single representation. This is a wha hae wi’ Wallace bled," was so hopeBut he would shake the dev-drops from his sort of insinuation, which had better be re- lessly given, that all chance of escape vamane,

tained in the breasts of our theatrical pur- nished, and the sentence of banishment from And with a bitter playfulness conceal

veyors—for we are sure that mercy and “these boards” was loudly and unanimousThe callousness he loath'd, but yet was proud candour, rather than severity and critical ly pronounced. But even without being to feel.

justice, are the characteristics of the public brought into comparison with the mighty Seldom and sudden were those qualms of feeling, fact is, that the failure of this play contra- to have entirely mistaken his talent, when

on these occasions. The plain and obvious powers of Braliam, Mr. N. proved himself And slight the cause that wrought upon

dicted so,

green-room opinion; because the pub- he sought fame as an opera performer. Yet worlds of grief beyond all words revealing, lic considers the whole, whereas in the greenWhen the soul weeps, but tears do never flow, room, every actor considery but his own

FOREIGN DRAMA. And sudden with a mental wrench concealing part. If Messrs. A, B, C, and Mistresses Parisian DRAMATIC REVIEW or 1819.

"Neath abrupt jest and mirth his inward woe, D, E, F, think the characters drawn for One hundred and thirty-four new pieces have As the chill, icy lake, congeals the while, them will afford an opportunity for display- been brought out during the last year: 1818 It clothes itself in Heav'n's own azure smile. ing what they deem their forte, presto! produced one hundred and forty-nine; and No sympathy had he, yet selfishness

the play is pronounced admirable and got though 1819 has been less fertile in births In him assum'd a bearing boldly great ; up accordingly; while infinitely better pro- than the year which preceded it, yet the • He scorned all, nor yet was loved the less ductions, which do not hit the egotistical deaths have been no less numerous. The

For grandeur hovers round the desolate fancies of actors and actresses, are dismissed Academie Royale de Musique confined its of men and things." Alone" doth more express with contempt. Of the latter the public has no labours to the revival of Tarare, and the new Of the sublime, than poets can create.

means of judging; but of the former, we will opera of Olympia. The Theatre Français, on This, Malyyn oft has said, and in a tone

venture to ascert, its judgement is ninety-nine the contrary, has evinced great activity, and So deep and heart-sent, doubly was it lone.

times in a hundred correct--and this piece nine new pieces have been produced, among EwORC.

preferred no ground for exception It is which are three tragedies and a comedy. the system to which we have alluded—the Thus the first theatre of the French metro

preparation of plays for particular persons polis has this year spared no exertion ; and THE DRAMA.

rather than on the legitimate principles of certainly the managers of the second have not dramatic composition, that is the founda- shewn themselves remiss. The most brilliant

tion of much of the inferiority of the modern success attended their first production. All The Beasts.-

The dramatic circles are stage, and we pray Mr. Elliston to reflect on Paris thronged to see the Vépres Siciliennes. big with expectation, as two new performers this point, rather than arraign the taste and The company of the Odeon have been less are announced at Drury Lane, such as, 'tis ability of his patrons.

fortunate ; we merely recollect the titles of said, have not appeared since the age of Ro This gentleman has generously assigned M. Daigrieux, Crispin Diogène, and a few man spectacle. "His Grace of Devonshire's the profits of one night's representations to other unsuccessful pieces, produced at the tame Elephant, and his Honour Mr. Kean's the charity for relieving the wretched in the Theatre Savans. Notwithstanding several tame Lion, intend taking each a part in the city. We trust that his house has largely decided failures, the Opera-Comique bas not pantomime; and no doubt is entertained, that afforded the means of consolation to the forfeited public favour. Several judicious they will by their exertions revive the lan- houseless, and that his charity on this occasion revivals, und the charming little piece of guishing attractions of Jack the Giant-killer will not be forgotten when the doors are Edmond and Caroline, have compensated for in the month of February, and enable that opened on his own account.

the submersion of the Ne de Bubilary, and classic and sensible piece to run further into Covent Garden. Mr. NATHAN.-A the loss of the Battle of Pultorra. During the season, to the great improvement of the person of this name, known to the musical its nine years existence, the Italian Opera young, and the information of the old.

world as a composer and teacher, attempted has produced nine pieces. The rival of the DRURY LANE. GALLANTRY.—This the- the part of Guy Mannering in the opera soltwo Barbers, (Paesiello's and Rossini's) did atre on Saturday, furnished an example entitled, on Saturday last. He was very un- not produce the expected suecess; one was of the meeting of extremes ; a new co- fortunate ; and it soon appeared that what too antiquated for the deletanti, and the other medy was performed, and differing in his mmesake, perhaps an ancestor, said to too modern for the less impassioned specevery thing. else; the author and manager the king of Israel, might be reversed in ap- tators. However, the divine Agnese has on one side agreed entirely with the 'au- plication to his acting and-singing, for nothing proved universally attractive, and fashion has dience on the other, that there was nothing could be more evident than that Nathan was in this instance been in unison with taste.

The Vaudeville, which was wont to produce rious example of orthography :-Triumph A Newspaper is now published at Rio Ja a new piece cvery week, brought out but & Palace." 9. Triumphant Palace for such neiro: it is called Gazeta de Janeiro." twenty-Three during last year. Among those is the exhibition.

RUSSIAN LITERATURE.-In Russia, Mr. that have been crowned with success are A gentleman, rather sharp in his charac-Guerilsch, under-librarian at Peterburgh, is Un Dimanche à Passy, Caroline, and the ter, who had lost one of a pair of beautiful engaged in a translation of Homer into Ruscharming Somnambue, whose laurels prevent carriage horses, experienced much difficulty sian hexameters. Since 1814, six volumes all the Vaudevillistes from sleeping. in roplacing him. One day that his coachman of Plutarch's Lives, of fourteen, of which thre

The Theatre des Varietés has endearoared returned from a long hunt, he cried, “Well, work is to consist, have appeared. The to compensate for the loss of Potier, by the John, have you succeeded " "

Aye," quoth Noctes Atticæ Aulus Gellius, and Corneproduction of twenty-seven novelties. Dou- John, joyfully, " but it was a dd hard lius Nepos, have also been translated into

Russian. Mr. Alexander de Stourdza last ires et Caluis, Angeline, and les Bolivars, thing to meet with your match." are among the best. The Gaieté has certains A worm of a very curious nature has been year published a manual of the Greek lanly drawn fewer tears than usual from its found by the cook of the King's Arms, Ply-guage for the use of his young compatriots. visitors ; and the brilliant success of la Fille mouth, on opening a cod-fish, destined for Mr. de Becker, Extraordinary Professor of de l'Exilé, and Bouton de Rose, may be attri- an entertainment. It is about four inches History at Abo, has begun with the new buted in a great measure to the taste of long, and shaped like a soal ; with a mouth year a national newspaper in the Finnish the decorator.

apparently intended to act as a sucker. But language, under the title of “ Turun Wükko

what renders it more remarkable is, a Sanomat." The Ambigu-Comique enjoys the happy cloathing of the most dazzling green feaprivilege of attracting all susceptible minds, thers, equal in brilliancy to those of the peato weep for the misfortunes of Talas. The extraordinary success of this piece banishes all cock, on the back, which gives it a very

METEOROLOGICAL JOURNAL. recollection of the light failures that have taken singular aspect. Between the feathers are place during the year. There have been but pine, but comparatively smaller. The ani- Thursday, 13-Thermometer from 9 to 29.

JANUARY, 1820. sharp quills, resembling those on the porcufew misfortunes among the melo-drames of inal would seem too large to feed on the cod,

Barometer from 30, 29 to 30, 35. the Port Saint-Martin. Procida, and le Tail but might rather be considered as a parasite, Wind N.E.1.-Cloudy till the evening, when leur de Jean Jacques, furnished characters which is a frequent attendant on the fish it became clear; a little snow about doon. for Potier ; and the Petites Danaides bids species. Those who have seen it, many of Friday, 14 - Thermometer from 17 to 29. fair to parody the success of the originals. whom are nautical persons, cannot call to

Barometer from 30, 39 to 30, 29. The Cirque-Olympique has produced only their recollection any creature of a similar Wind N. E.. - Cloudy; a little snow about six pieces this year. The Death of Kleber, kind. ---Pachet.

noon; a steady northern light in the N.W. and Poniatowsky, have been particular fa

about 11 in the evening. vourites.

Report says that a copy of the pretended

St. Helena NS. has been found among the Saturday, 15-Thermometer from 1 to 26. Upon the whole, 1819 cannot be styled a papers of Madaine de Stael; but the fact

Barometer, from 30,04 to 29, 87; barren year for dramatic literature, since it sceis iinprobable.

Wind S. W.1.-Morning and noon elear, the

rest of the day cloudy. has produced three such tragedics as Jeanne d'Arc, Louis IX, and the Vépres Siciliennes. at an inn, gave it to the servant, who was An officer, with a glass, eye, on undressing Sunday, 16 — Thermometer from 17 to 32.

Barometer from 29, 87 to 29, 94. assisting him, to put upon the table :the

Wind N. B.Generally clear till the evening, lad continued to wait-" What the devil are when it became hazy. VARIETIES.

you stopping for?” cried the officer : " for Monday, 17— Thermometer from 17 to 37. the other eye,” said the simpleton.

Barometer from 29, 86, to 29, 74, M. Bosio, the French Sculptor, has receiv Wind S. W..Cloudy. A brilliant collection of the productions ed a commission from the Minister of the Truesday, 18 - Thermometer from 26 to 35. of Sèvres, Beauvais, the Goblins, and the Interior, to execute a statue of Henry IV.

Barometer 29, 61 to 29, 36. Savonnerie, were lately exhibited at the Mu- as a child, with the marble of the Pyrenees, Wind N.E.S.--Morning snowy, afternoon and sée in Paris. The King, who went to view now introduced with considerable expecta- evening raining, particularly hard in the evening. the collection, purchased a number of ar- tions, into the Parisian arts.

Wednesday, 19—Thermometer from 26 to 48. ticles for Christmas presents to the various LITERARY SUICIDE.-Mr. Fridrick, known

Barometer from 29,03 to 29, 17. members of the royal family. by many works which he has published, and thawof yesterday, accompanied with rain, caused

Wind 9. W. 4 and 2.-Cloudy; the sudden Madame Murat has sold to the Austrian particularly by his Satires, has disappeared the waters to be much out. government, her fine collection of Medals, from Hamburgh, leaving behind him a letter

Rain fallen ,925 of an inch. among which are many scarce Greek, for, it in which he declares his purpose to termi

Lat. 51. 37. 32. N. is said, 100,000 forins. nate his existence. It is thought that he has

Lon. 0. 3. 51. W. Baron Paykull has given his collection of thrown himself into the Elbe, and that his

Edmonton, Middlesex. JOHN ADAMS. Natural History to the King of Sweden. It corps is covered by the ice. contains 1,300 species of birds ; and now MALESHERBES' MONUMENT.-The Em- Error.---In Number 154, line 1 of the Meteoroforms part of the Museum of the Academy peror Alexander has subscribed 2000 franks logical Journal, for “45 to 52" read “52 to of Sciences, at Stockholm. towards the monument of Malesherbes at

36. Prince Leopold has presented the family Paris. of the late Mr. Bird, R., A, with a purse of The cold at Hamburgh in the night pre

TO CORRESPONDENTS. one hundred guineas, and also given the ceding the 11th of January, was at 2io Reauartist's picture of the Surrender of Calais," mur, 47to of Fahrenheit, below the freezing R. B. L's Song needs correction.-- We thank J.H. in his Royal Highness's possession, to be point. 154 below 0.

for his favour, but are sorry to observe that it disposed of for the benefit of the family.

also requires revision, which, not having the ori

ginat by tas, we cannot give it. : This picture was presented to the lamented Princess Charlotte of Wales, when Mr. Bird

LITERARY NOTICES.

AFriend and Subscriber," will oblige us by

retaining the latter character alone ; for we rehad the honour

of being appointed Historical Painter to her Royal Highness.

ally cannot preserve the former at the price of trSome portion of Buonaparte's Memoirs,

serting his productions. (Daily Papers.) whether genuine or not we cannot tell, have From the favmirs of XQ we desire to be XQ2: A show-caravan is at present traversing appeared in Germany. The writer affects

and as for the onswer he requires, there are three the London streets, with the following cu- the style of Cæsar,

letters for his two.

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