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tance «f fifty feet from the spot, their com- box, nearly a month, about an equal number / length, by two in breadth. Success was for

fastened to their feet in such a way as not to the victim of its temerity, or was conducted | venom. Those ants composing groups and allow of their disengaging themselves. a prisoner to the enemy's camp.

chains, took hold of each other's legs and Supposing the ants to be of equal size, * Such are the combats betwcen ants of pincers, and dragged their antagonists on the those furnished with a sting have an advan- different size; but if we wish to behold re- ground. These groups formed successively. tage over those who employ only for their gular armics, war in all its forin, we minst The fight usually coinmenced between tivo defence their venom and their teeth. The visit those forests in which the Fallow Ants ants, who seized each other by the mandiwhole of those ants whose peduncle lias no establish their dominion over every insect in lves, and raised themselves upon their hinde scale, but one or two knots, are provided their territory. We shall there see populous legs, to allow of their bringing their abdowith a sting; the Red Ants, which are said and rival cities, regular roads passing from inen forward, and spurting the venom upon to sting more sharply than the rest, possess the ant-hill as so many rays froin a centre, their adversary. They were frequently so both these sorts of arms. In general the and frequently by an iminense number of closely wedged together that they fell upon ants furnished with a sting arc, in our coun-combatants, ivars between hordes of the their sides, and fought a long time in that try, some of the smallest. I know but one same species, for they are naturally enemies situation, in the dust; they shortly after species of middle size; but it is very rare and jealous of the territory which borders raised themselves, when each began dragging and only inhabits the Alps.

their own capital. It is in these forests 1 its adversary; but when their force was "The wars entered into by ants of differ- have witnessed the inhabitants of two large qual, the wrestlers remained immovcable, ent size bear no resemblance to those in ant-hills engaged in spiriter combat. I can- and fixed each other to the ground, until å which ants engage who come to combat not pretend to say what occasioned discord third came to decide the contest. It inore with an equal force. When the large attack between these republics. They were com- commonly happened that both ants received the small, they appear to do it by surprise, posed of ants of the same species, alike in | assistance at the saine time, when the whole most likely to prevent the latter from fast- their extent and population; and were situ- four, keeping firm hold of a foot or antenna, ening upon their legs; they seize them in ated about a hudred paces distance from made ineffectual attempts to gain the battle. the upper part of ihe body and strangle each other. Tiro empires could not possess Some ants joined the latter, and these were, thein immediately between their pincers. a greater number of combatants.

in their turn, seized by new arrivals. It was But when the small ants have time to guard “ Let us figure to ourselves this prodigious in this way they formed chains of six, eight, against an attack, they intimate to their crowd of insects covering the ground lying or ten ants, all firmly locked together ; the companions the danger with which they are between these two aut-hills, and occupying equilibrium was only broken when several threatened, when the latter arrive in crowds a space of two feet in breadth. Both armies warriors, from thic same republic, advanced to their assistance. I have witnessed a battle met at half-way from their respective habi- at the saine time, who compelled those that between the Herculean and the Sanguine tations, and there the battle commenced. were enchained to let go their hold, when Ants; the Herculean Ants quitted the trunk Thousands of ants took their station upon the single combats again took place. On the of the trec in which they had established their the highest ground, and fought in pairs, approach of night each party returned graabode, and arrived to the very gates of the keeping firm hold of their antagonists by dually to the city, which served it for an assydwelling of the Sanguine Ants; the latter, only their inandibles : a considerable number were lum." The ants, which were either killed or half the size of their adversaries, had the ad- engaged in the attack and leading away pri- leil away in captivity, not being replaced vantage in point of number; they, however, soners. The latter made several inefféctual by others, the number of combatants diiniacted on the defensive. The earth,strewed with efforts to escape, as if aware that, upon their nished, until their force was exhausted. the dead bodies of their compatriots, bore arrival at the camp, they would experience • The ants returned to the field of battle witness they harl suffererl the greatest car- a cruel (leath. The scene of warfare occu- before dawn. The groups again formed ; page : they, therefore, took the prudent pied a space of about three feet square; a the carnage recommenced with greater fury part of fixing their habitation elsewhere, and penetrating odour exhaled from all sides; than on the preceding evening, and the scene with great activity transported to a dis- numbers of dead ants were seen covered with of combat occupied a space of six feet in panions, and the several objects that inte- of Red and Yellow Ants. It would seem that a

a long time doubtful; about mid-day the rested them. Small detachinents of the general feeling of compassion for their unfortu- contending armies had removed to the disworkers were posted at little distances from nate imprisonment hud given birth to a suspen- tance of a dozen feet from one of their cities, the nest, apparently placed there to cover sion of hostilities, and that rankling animosity whence I conclude some ground had been the march of the recruits and to preserve the had been exchanged for good will and social gained. The ants fought so desperately, city itself froin any sudden attack. They order. During this period I seldom witnessed that nothing could withdraw them from their struck against each other when they met, any affray on the exterior of the nest, and on enterprize; they did not even perceive my and had always their mandibles separated in breaking it up, the interior gave me no room to presence, and although I remained close to the attitude of defiance. As soon as the Her- suppose it had been the scene of much conten- the army, none of them climbed upon my culean Ants approached their camp,


but scarcely were they liberated, scarcely legs; they seemed absorbed in one object, tineis in front assailed them with fury; they did they feel the fresh breeze passing over them, that of finding an enemy to contend with." fought at first in single combat. The San-than their animosity rekindled, and the field of

[To be continurd.] guine Ant threw himself upon the Herculean combat. for a few nioments each party seemed

their liberty became the theatre of sanguinary Ant, fastened upon its head, turned its ab- engaged in discovering a place of retreat, and it ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE. domen against the chest of its adversary or

was only on returning to the ruins of their origiagainst the lower part of its mouth, and in-nal prison, to bring off the rest of their compa. undated it with venom. It sometimes quitted nions, that they encountered and waged war

PR. ESQUIROL,ON MADHOUSES IN FRANCE. its antagonist with great quickness ; more upon each other. What was as singular as un

From all these lamentable arrangements it frequently, however, the Herculean Ant expected, they fought in pairs, in no one inheld between its feet its audacious enemy. stance en masse ; indeed, it only twice happened, results, that the insane are very badly off, in The two champions then rolled themselves although the ground was strcived with comba- all respects, as the following details prove :

“ Ist. Their apartinents are by no means in the dust and struggled violently. The ad-tants, that a third came to the aid of its compavantage was at first in favour of the largest nion, and even then, as if conscious of the un- disposed in a manner properly adapted to ant; but its adversary was soon assisted by inconceivable with what desperate fury, and Salpêtrière and the Bicêtre, the buildings oc

equal contest, one immediately retired. It was their use : almost every where, except in the those of its own party, who collected around with what determined obstinacy they fastened cupied by the insane are the inost retired, the Herculean Ant and inflicted several deep upon each other. With their mandibles alone the oldest, the dampest, and consequently wounds with their teeth. The Herculean they often succeeded in effecting a complete se. Ant yielded to numbers *; it either perished paration of the body of their antagonist, of which

the most unwholsome; the buildings lately the ground exhibited many proofs when I revisit • Concluded from thc L. G. of 17th June, p * I retained in close captivity in the same ed it.-T.





which is not proper for them. They gene, of the poor, on any other principle than that of hardly be possible to find a sufficient number

erected in the Dépots de Mendicité, or else to take thie exercise which is so necessary to surest means to calm the paroxysms of rage. where, are very ill contrived; in some, for them. Sometimes there is only one court- At Toulouse, in an apartinent which is next example, the court-yard which separates the yard for all the luvatics of the saine sex, to the roof, containing about twenty beds, building from the wall that surrounds it, is and the raving mad are always shut up : or they have suspended to the walls, and over not a toise in breadth.

chains are hung to the walls which surround each bed, a chain, which is fastened to a “ 2d. The habitations, the cells, dungeons, the court, and these victims of inhumanity girdle of iron; the lunatics, when they get cages, &c. are dreadful ; without air, with are fastened to them, in order to make them into their beds, shake these chains, by which out light, damp, confined, paved like the take the air, as their keepers say, quietly. they are to be loaded during the night. In streets, often lower than the surface of the 7th. The lunatics are not waited upon at some houses leather straps are distributed to ground, and sometimes in the vaults (Sou- all, or very indifferently; they have hardly the attendants. The bunch of keys is an interrains); these apartments have generally any where servants to attend them, and strument of correction. Good regulations no opening but the door, and a little square when they have, their number is insufficient; would abolish the use of chains every where, hole opposite to it; sometimes there is sometimes they are given up to harsh, bar- as it has long been in the establishment of no opening but the door. The air does barous, or ignorant keepers. This neglect Paris. These establishments give to the not circulate in them, and when you enter, is the more deplorable, as these unfortunate civilized world the example of two thousand you are suffocated with the infectious odour people have not sense enough to demand the lunatics, of every age, sex, condition, and which they exhale. There are cells care which humanity every where gives to character, directed, governed, and attended, which resemble cages ; others are of wood, the sick. Are they attended ? what attend without blows or chains. exposed to all the inclemencies of the weather. ance is it, great God! What can be required " 9th. The physicians have in vain remonIn my work upon these madhouses, I intend of a keeper who has thirty, fifty, even sixty strated in all the citiés ; but being destitute, to give a description of these habitations; individuals under his care? What sentiments of what is inost necessary for beneficial atthey seemn all to have been constructed to of benevolence can these rude men have, tendance, they are discouraged, and do not degrade inan, and deprive him of the first who see in the insane only mischievous, visit the lunatics, but in cases of very serious elements necessary to the preservation of dangerous, and hurtful beings? They are illness: they are very rarely made patients life.

acquainted with no means to guide, to re- with a view of curing them of their madness. “3d. Often there are no beds; thus strain, to calin theın, but abuse, menaces, There are some houses where the servants wretches tormented by the want of sleep, terror, blows, and chains.

prescribe shower-baths, solitary confinement, have sometimes only the paved floor to rest “8th. Chains are used every where; first, &c. At Toulouse, from time iinmemorial, the their limbs ; and instead of a mattrass, pil- because the buildings are ill arranged; se- physicians of the Hotel Dieu visited every low, and quilt, nothing but straw.

condly, because the servants are not suffi. month the poor of the general hospital ; they “ 4th. Alınost every where the poor luna- ciently numerous ; thirdly, because no other never went to the quartier de force, where tics, and sometimes even those who pay for means are known; fourthly, because the use the maniacs were chained. their board, are either naked or covered with of the strait waistcoat is more expensive. I “ 10th. The directors, deceived by fatal prerags; to them are given the tattered gar- have sent strait waistcoats as patterns to se judices, hardly ever inspect them: many think ments of the poor, of the infirm, and the veral towns; out of economy they are not they have well performed their duty when prisoners, who live in the same establish- used. It is certain that chains cost less to keep they have had some provisions distributed inent with them. They are good enough, it them in repair; it was for this reason Dr. among them, and when they have put those is said, for lunatics. Sometimes they are Monro said they were preferable for the wretches whom they suppose incurable, out destitute of straw, or it is not changed as poor.* The improper use of chains is revolt of a condition to injure society. often as it ought to be. I have seen an un- ing. They use iron collars, iron girdles, “ Their fate cannot then be ameliorated as happy lunatic quite naked, and without straw, manacles for the hands and feet. In one of long as they remain in the hospitals, depóls lying upon the paved floor: expressing my the greatest cities, which I should be afraid to de mendicité, or in the prisons." astonisliment at such neglect, the keeper name, the raving mad are fastened to an iron Dr. Esquirol examines in what manner it answered, that, he was allowed only a truss collar, fixed to a chain a foot and a half would be the most proper to dispose of the of straw once a fortnight, for each individual. long, which is screwed to the middle of the insane ; and comes to the conclusion, that it I observed to this barbarian, that the dog noor, and I was assured that this was the would be advisable to found a sufficient which guarded the gate of the lunatics had a

number of large establishments, which he more wholesome lodging, and that he had * Insinuation as to motives and principles prefers to sinall ones, because, as he obfresh straw in abundance: this remark pro- of action is always more dangerous than an serves, it would be more easy to divide the cured me a smile of contempt-and I `ivas open attack : the one is the weapon of assassi- patients into classes, each of which requires in one of the greatest cities in France. nation, and to be dreaded as such ; the other a different mode of treatment; whereas, in

" 5th. The regimen, the food, far from brings us at once into contact with our enemy, a small establishment, there would be almost being suitable to the nature of these maladies, which leads to decisive explanation; an event as many subdivisions as patients

. The exare injurious to them ; when any thing is invariably courted by the candid, the manly, pence of small establishments would be given them besides black bread, it is of a kind and the well-disposed. Dr. Murro does not much greater in proportion, and it would

to us to handcuff's for the use rally get dry and ill-drest vegetables and their inability to afford a more humane mode of of professional men acquainted with this cheese. It is a treat for the lunatics of Tours, coercion by living force. We therefore may be in- disease in all its various forms. These great when the nun, who superintends them, can duced to extract from his evidence on this point, establishments would likewise afford much procure once a week the intestines of the in order that the statement of Esquirol may be better opportunities for the study of this de. animals which have served to make the soup contrasted with the opinions of Dr. Munro ; and plorable malady.* and broth for the poor of the hospital. In the document will be otherwise useful, by presentthe quartiers de force, in the prisons, the ing a comparative view of the advantages of the • Here Esquirol is at variance with himself, lunatics have only bread and water, when two modes of coercion, by handcuffs and the strait by forgetting the principles he had previously the keepers please to give it them. How is waistcoat. Next to the horrors described by laid down. We contend, on the basis of ex. it distributed? generally once a day. In a Esquirol, in his delineation of dens, cages, and perience, that no institution for the relief of the town they give to the lunatics, as to the prisons, for the reception of the insane, are the insane should be erected on a large scale. What prisoners, once in two days, a loaf weighing of the strait waistcoat, particularly in summer, to disease, with their varied and necessary attend

miseries that must follow the constant application we mean is this ; that a great mass of mental ihrce pounds, with a pot of water. What a

our fellow-creatures. Divest handcuffs of their ants, should never be assembled under the same regimen for patients who are dried up by association with crime, and let them be modified, roof. In the treatment of mental derangement, internal heat, devoured by thirst, and tor and they assuredly become a much more hu- where numbers are aggregated, there oughtinva. mented by costiveness !

made mode of restraint than the strait waist- riably to be distinct medical chiefs, with an ade “ 6th. They have not room in any house coat.–Ed.

quate number of medical and surgical assistants ;


of course lead to means proper for its employ- / was originally stated in the Literary Gazette, through parts of Asia and Africa. He is pre

Dr. Esquirol says that the plan of a lu- 1 tect; and, * instructed by ten years expe-| taste were unpleasant, as in the herring first natic asylum, must not be left to an archi- rience in his own establishment, as well as mentioned. Herrings, with salt and acid

by his reading, his travels, and his researches, slightly combined, were equal to the finest and there should also be distinct buildings for be gives the result of his reflections, in the red herrings, and shining and fresh in their the professional labours of such chiefs ; and thus plan which he judges the best adapted to the colour as when taken from the sea. wouid emulation be promoted among the super purpose.”

Beef dipped in the acid (sp. gr. 1.012) for riors, which would extend to the subordinates of

one ininute, in July, 1819, was, on the 4th all characters, and from which the utmost be

March, 1820, as free from taint as on the nefits to the insane in a professional and a humane


day when the experiment was made. Beef point of view, might be with certainty calculated on. We are of opinion, that if in place of Bethlem, there had been erected four hospitals of relinquished the hypothesis of the lunar origin November, and being broiled, had a pleasant

Meteorology. The Marquis de la Place has dipped in pure vinegar (sp. gr. 1.009) at the

same time, was free from taint on the 18th smaller dimensions, and skilfully subdivided, of ineteoric stones ; indeed it never was tenfor the reception of the insane, and these able. A friend of 'ours, who witnessed the sub-acid taste. It is thus evident that vinefounded in various convenient spots around fall of an aerolite in á brook, within 200 gar also possesses, to a certain degree, a parison of results to the canse of humanity, med out the water and dug for it a few days yards of him, during a dreadful storin, dain- similar anti-septic quality with pyrolignous

. and the interests of the public in a pecuniary

These experiments corroborate our opiway, would have been the consequence. Such after. He was unsuccessful in his first arrangments, although more expensive in their vation ; but in his second attempt found the nion, that this pyrolignous acid may become origin, and in their management, wonld yet, thunderbolt at about one foot and a half erpinently useful in the preservation of aniby their effects have proved by far the most from the surface. Being rather of curious mal substances ; and we again recommend economical, by, increasing the number cured, than of scientific habits, he lost this fine op it to our chemical friends for observation. and by establishing their comfort on a more an-portunity for experiment: but he describes

Philology.--Mr. Jacks, librarian to the erring basis, during this interesting and pain the stone as spherical

, and about four inches there a manuscript of the Roman history of

Royal Library at Bamberg, has discovered fiul exhibition of human infirmity. Let us sup- in diameter. It was exceedingly heavy, and pose two physicians, equal in point of experience seemed to be a dark fusion of iron and nickel. from Rome by the Emperor Henry, the

Eutropius, which was probably brought gaged in the treatment of insanity, and that the Broken with a hamıner, there was discover-founder of the

Bishopric of Bainberg." The and that they are never ailowed to exceed a do- inch in diameter, and filled with a black MS. is more complete than any of the best zen, or half that nnmber ; while the other has powder strongly compressed. The sinell editions hitherto published of this author, and the charge of 50, 100, 150, or200 patients, whom vas highly sulphurous. It is evident that very likely to correct a number of false he visits once or twice a week. Can there ex- such a production as this belonged to the readings. Professor Goeller, of Cologne, ist a doubt who will be the most successful prac-chemistry of the air, and electricity.

had previously discovered in the Royal Lititioner? The former would be able to devote a

Pyrolignous Acid.-Curing Provisions.-brary a MS. of Liry. ininute attention to the characters of the dozen The property of preserving meat and other

Antiquities.-Air. F. C. Gau, of Cologne, placed under his care, to their diet, to their aniinal substances from putrefaction by this who is well known as a learned architect and dress, to their exercise; and the capacities of acid, the product of distillation froin wood, antiquarian, has just arrived at Rome, on his their mind would also engage his attention, and

return from a long and perilous journey ment. The conduct and moral habits of attend

months ago ints, would be here anxiously examined ; in short, Ramsay has since tried a series of experi- his researches, which will form a very va

paring to publish in that city the result of with such restricted duties, it would be incum- ments with the view to further investigating luable work, highly interesting to histobent on the physician so circumstanced, to see the subject, and rendering the acid useful in tiiat every measnre, however minute or humble, domestic and naval economy. These fully Prussian ambassador at Rome, in a letter ta

rians and archæologists. Baron Niebuhr, that contributed to their recovery, should be confirm the utility of the discovery for the Carried into effect. This plıysician would be curing of provisions. Herrings immersed for a friend, says, " Mr. Gau, who is returned possessed of the power of applying

general prin- three hours in distilled Pyrolignous acid of the from his tour to Palestine, Esypt, and Nu. ciples, under the guidance of a minute atten- specific

gravity of 1.012, were considerably him a treasure of the most remarkable retion to particulars ; while the latter would be softened, but remained in perfect preserva- mains of antiquity, which had hitherto been compelled to act almost solely through general tion for half a year ; the only disagreeable either not designed at all, or in a very impervidual cases; and which.individual attention is quality attached to them being an einpyren- fect manner. This is an ample compensation as necessary to ensure success in the treatment matic sunell, and taste. Merely dipping the for the fatigues and dangers of his journey. of this and every other disease, as the study of fish in a pickle of this strength appears to be He is the first German who has accomindividual character is essential to success in the sufficient for their cure, and they are then pleasing science of portrait painting, which, free from empyreuma. Haddocks slightly

plished this enterprise ; and the honour of the features, but unfolds the soul. Let us suppose the acid, were finely preserved : if allowed to of the fruits of his undertaking, ben delicately managed, not only delineates sprinkled with salt, and afterwards dipped in Germany, as well as that of the ingenious

artist, is interested in the speedy publication a physician employed twelve hours out of the reinain too long in the latter, the muscular fitwenty-four in prescribing for this disease, and bre became decomposed, and the smell and views of twenty temples, never before de

Among other drawings, Mr. Gau has the that he derotes ten minutes to each case, which on an average, will be little enough ; it becomes Hospitals to see that no task is imposed that can signed. He has brought with him many cuevident that he can only get cver six'in an hour, offer an apology for neglecting it. Physicians of riosities, one of which is the munmy of a and consequently only seventy-two, in twelve such hospitals, where, wecontend,daily attendance cat. hours, on the supposition of his continuing twelve is necessary for the welfare of their inhabitants, Red Snow. The fungi, 'now generally hours in constant action, which is an effort to should be liberally paid, and their attention more held to be the cause of the redness, in the be continued, beyond the faculties of the mind, pointedly directed to the duties of such institu- speciinens of arctic and Swiss snows, have above the powers of the body. In the treatment tions: this would prove economy combined with been found by Mr, T. Bauer to vegetate of insanity, that kind of economy which shall humanity; and until this be done, neither the place too many patients under the care of one insane, nor the diseased in any form, will derive when

placed in fresh snow. They also vegephysician is as unfriendly to their recovery as the fullest benefit from the powers of medicine. tate in water ; but there the produce is green tie want of capital in the cultivation of the soil,


instead of red. must be hostile to vegetable reproduction. *This opinion is most correct. Great misTiere is an extent of bodily labour, to which chief must ever arise from allowing the erection

LEARNED SOCIETIES. human nature is inadequate; and this prin- of a building of this nature, under the exclusive ciple will apply with increased force to the judgment of an architect; and of these evils,

OXFORD, JULY 8. nind; and it therefore becomes Governors of Bethlem affords some striking examples. ---Ede Mr. H. A. Woodgate and Mr. W. E.


Marsh, Scholars of St. John's College, were | St. Peter's coll. ; N. J. Temple; E. Wade, 'Twas but some heaven-sent power that did preadmitted Fellows of that Society.

Sydney Sussex coil.; G. B. Green; G. F. vail, Yesterday the following degrees were Nicholas, King's coll.

for an inscrutable end its slumbers to assail. conferred :-

6. Master of Arts.-Rev. W. Williams,

Madly it bursts along-even as a river All Souls' College.


That gathers strength in its most fierce career; BACHELORS OF Arts.-J. Wallis, Exc

The black and lofty pines a moment quiver ter College; Josephı Harling, and H. Ayling,

[By Correspondents.]

Before its breath,—but as it draws more near, Magdalen Hall.


Crash-and are seen no more! Flcet-footed fear, CAMBRIDGE, JULY 7. Wrillen near la Croix de la Flegere, in the Vale in silent wilderment her face doth rear,

Pale as that whiterobed minister of wrath, The Rev. C. J. Blomfield, of Trinity Col

of Chamruni. lege, was on Saturday created D.D. by royal

But having gazed upon its blight and scathe, mandate. On Monday Henry W. Hyde, of


Flies, with the swift Chamois, from its deathEmm. col. was admitted B. C. L.; and J. Tis night, and silence with unmoving wings

dooming path!

A. A. W. Spurgin, of Caius coll. Bachelor in Physic. Broods o'er the sleeping waters ;not a sound Yesterday, the Rev. W. Palgrave Manclarke, Breaks its most breathless hush ;—the sweet of Jesus college, was admitted M. A.; and Her pallid lustre on the hills around, M. Prendergast, of Pembroke Hall, B. C. L. Turning the snows and ices that have crowned

1. S. Pope, Esq. B. A. of Emm. coll. was last since chaos reigned-cach vast and searchless How glorious is this morning! the bright sun week clected a Fellow of that society. C.


Has just o'er topped the dewclad mountain Smith, Esq. B. A. of St. Peter's coll . was To beryl, pearl, and silver ; whilst, profound, And it is beautiful to look upon

side, on Saturday last elected a foundation Fellow In the still waveless lake reflected bright, of that society. On Tuesday last (being And girt with arrowy rays, rests her full orb of In fringes rich and deep-inlaid, which run

The pile of cloud his orient beams have dyed Commencement Day) the following Doctors light. and Masters of Arts were created :

Far as the cye can reach; while from the tide 2.

Fragrant and cooling, ocean breezes come, Doctor in Divinity.—The Rev. J. In- Th'eternal mountains inomently are peering Murmuring in concert with the wave's hoarse man, the Rev. T. Causton, the Rev. R. Ro- Thro' the blue clouds that mantle them ;-on

hum. berts, of St. John's college ; the Rev. Holt high,

2. Okes, of C. C. coll. Their glittering crests majestically rearing,

Hum! that 's a good beginning for my song, Doctor in Civil Law.-G. Matcham, More like to children of the infinite sky of St. John's college. Than of the dædal earth;-triumphantly,

As good as Beppo or as Whistlecraft;

I trust that I have taken quite as strong of Emmanuel coll.; J. Walker, Esq. and Mightiest where all are mightyn--from the eye of Hippocrène's waters, where so long Doctors in Physic.- F. Thackery, Esq. Prince of the whirlwind—monarch of the scenc

And deep potations--quite as full a draught J. Warlıurton, Esq. of Caius college. Of mist that moats his base, from Arve's dark, Where still in crowds the tribes Parnassian jos

Poets and bards of every clime have quaffed; MASTERS OF ARTS.-G. Elwes Corrie ; J. A. Bateman, Catherine Hall; Beaupre P.

deep ravine,


3. Bell; Owen Davys; T. Wilkinson ; T. B.

As Frere or Byron, Cornwall or Will. Wastle. Proctor ; D. B. Wells ; G. J. Wyatt, Christ Stands the magnificent Montblanc !-his brow,

3. coll. ; R. Dawes, Dowing coll

. ; R. Whit- Scarred by ten

thousand thunders; most sublime, The four great masters of the rima' ottava, combe; J. Cooper; J. Guthrie; C. Town- Even as tho' risen from the world below

Whom I regard with very great respect; ley; W. Hildyard ; D. Hopkins ; R. Butler ; To watch the progress of decay ;-by clime,

I hope you'll not imagine that I hare a
Storm-blight-fire-earthquake, injured not-
G. P. Buxton ; J. Daintry; T. Polhill; E.

Contempt, an undervaluing, a neglect

like Time, J. Gambier ; G. T. Andrews ; R. B. Brock-Stern chronicler of centuries gone by,

Of their superior names, if I should crave a lebank ; T. G. Hickman; E. Rice; H. J. Doomed by an awful fiat still to climb,

Like share of rhyming tact with those select Rose; E. Harden; D. Nantes; T. Starr; Swell and increase with years incessantly +

Princes of this Italian kind of strainT. H. Hope ; C. J. Heathcote; J. Brand; Then yield at length to thee most drcad eternity!

But bards, and even rhymesters, will be vain. A. B. Wrightson, Trin coll. ; Temple Che


4. vallier; H. Blunt; Onley Harvey ; T. Jee;

I wrote the first verse on this fine calm day, J. T. Wharton ; R. Gibson ; H. Sim, Pembr? Hark! there are sounds of tumult and commo

Standing and musing on this lovely shore,

tion Hall; C. R. Francis ; E. Rust;T. T. Pattin- Hurtling in murmurs on the distant air,

Where, 'gainst the coast of a romantic bay, son; T. Methwold, Caius coll. ; J. Hatch-|Like the wild music of a wind-lashed ocean :

Th’ Atlantic waves dash in perpetual roar ; dalenc coll. (incorp. Dublin); R. Water- Still sleeps in moonbright loveliness, --but there, to give its naine in verse will be a jobard ; W.C. Kendall; E. Vale; T. Steele, Mag- They rage-they gather now :-yon valley fair Close by my side the little village lay, field ; Mark Cantis; H. J. Oakes ; W. H. Methinks, a form of horror I behold, W. Gery ; R. Chester ; J. Carnegie ; J. With giant stride descending:—'tis Despair

(But here I go to try)-Ballidehob.

5. Rawes; J. Burroughes, Emmanuel coll. ; Riding the rushing avalanche; now rolled H. H. Hughes; E. C. Kemp; J. F. Ro- From its tall cliff-by whom? what mortal I to this place some days ago came down, berts; N. Fiott; J. T. Austin ; E. Ramsden;

Partly to lounge, partly to 'scape a duel, G. T. Rudd; R. K. Holder; J. Jones; J.


A practice which I don't admire, I own, H. Dent ; L. B. Foster ; L. Ripley; T. R. Perchance a gale from fervid Italy

As being somewhat dangerous and cruel ; Brown; R. S. Hurst; G. Jenyns; A. Ut- Disturbed the air-hung thunderer; or the tone

Wbat though the swaggerers I have left in town terson ; S. Martin; Ả. E. Douce ; S. Tit- Breathed from some hunter's horn;--orit may be, which Valour kindles ; —they may say their

May hint I have not in my heart the fuel low; E. Smirke; P. W. Yorke ; E. Pen- The echoes of the mountain cataract, thrown

bestryhn; T. Schreiber ; J. T. Waddington ; O. Amid its voiceful snows, have thus called down

"Tis better than a ball thro' back or breast. Grimston; H. Fardell; H. Luxmore; T. The overwhelming ruin on the vale :

6. Margetts ; J. Denne; E. Oldfield, St John's Howbeit a mystery to man unknown,

Here I am wandering by the sweet sea-side, coll. ; N. Every ; H. Kirby ; T. T. Upwood;

• La Croix de la Flegere is an elevated point on Looking upon old Ocean's varying face; C. Paroissien; W. F. Protheroe, Clare Hall; the mountain of that name, and commands the Or cleaving with stout arm the glassy tide ; S. Brereton; W. Davidson ; R. Ge!l; R. finest possible view of Montblanc, and of la Mer

Or o'er the mountains joining in the chace; Davis ; J. Bartlett; H. Barham ; A. Burn; de Glace, with the exception perhaps of Mount Or lolling, wearied with the lengthened ride. G. L. Yate, Queen's coll. ; N. Cotton; D. Breven, which is much more elevated.

Plunged in some lounger's easy soft embrac, Williams, Jesus coll. ; W. Bond, Corpus + The glaciers, according to Saussure, aug. At six l rise, at ten I go to bed, Christi coll. ; R. Clifton ; E. T. Whinfield, ment continually,

Having first penned some verses to friend Ned.

may unfold!





And broken are the hearts that should rejoice. theatrical distress, she drops her mask, and And now, as on the freshening grass I lay, Dimly as yet the Crown of Victory shines ;

their union crowns the whole. Just as oblivions as a dandy lord,

Where cypress with the blood-stained laurel Harley has a rery whimsical character of Forgetful of the duel, or the fray,


gastronomical humour; a number of the The opprobrious name, the pistol, or the

But there shall Time the brightest verdurejests and allusions in which to the noble sword,


science of eating, produce unch laughter. Finding that I had versified away, And pluck the gloomy foliage from her wreath.

There is also a very fair Polonius, of a minor Not thinking I composed a single word,

Then proudly shall Posterity retrace,
Says I, I'll send my verses light and airy, First in the deathless honors of their race,

court, a tolerable politician. These, with To the Gazette surnamed the Literary.

Miss Kelly (the Princess), conspire sufficiThat giant fight : which crushed Napoleon's 8.

ently against the mind of the audience, to

power, I like that journal well. But then perchance, And saved the world. Far distant is the hour,

ensure a favourable reception for the opera ; Lines without title, meaning, or connection, Unheard of, yet, the deed our sons must cio,

which, being shortened, will, we think, be May not delight the editorial glance

That shall eclipse thy glory, Waterloo ! long relished. The comic songs are very far Of him, whose name there is no need to men

Cumbridge Chron. from being dull, as the generality of modern tion;

cornic songs are; and the inusic is pretty, True: but they can as high a claim advance

and the acting good.

Verse from Alis and Aleris." On meaning's score, as some of more preten

Miss Macouley's Entertainments. This sion.

En lui toute fleur de jeunesse

lady closed the series of entertainments Then for a name-Pshaw! give it for a name,


which she bas been giving at the Argyle Ballidehobe – the place from whence it came.

Mais longue barbe, air de tristesse,

Rooms, on Wednesday, and seemed to have
La ternissoit:
Si de jeunesse on doit attendre

acquired strength from success, as she cerBeau coloris,

tainly evinced greater powers than even her 'Tis the last glass of Claret,

Paleur, qui marque une ame tendre,

friends gave her credit for. Some of her Left sparkling alone,

A bien son prix.

recitations were powerfully affecting ; and in All its rosy coinpanions

a few instances she gave startling proofs of Are clean'd out and gone. No wine of her kindred,

In him each flower of manly grace,

her skill to command the higher emotions. No Red Port is nigh,

Unprepared for so vigorous an effect, the

Each youthful charm appeared; To reflect back her blushes.

Though tarnished by a sorrowing face,

company were inclined to sinile at the surAnd gladden my eye.

And by a length of beard.

prize which had overtaken them ; but it l'll not leave thee, thou lone one,

If we expect that youth impart,

must be confessed that such electrical strokes This desert to crown :

Colours of lovely hue,

are evidence of a very singular combination As the bowls are all empty,

Paleness, that marks the feeling heart,

of judgement and energy. Dress, action, Thou too shalt float down.

Has its attractions too.

and other concomitants, heightened this Thus kindly I drink up

treat, for such it was; and we, so sceptical Each drop of pure red,

heretofore, are bound to say, that Miss M. And Aling the bright goblet


displayed abilities of a very superior order. Clean over my head.

So soon may dame Fortune

Woman's Will, a Riddle -A three-act
Fling me o'er her head,

When I quit brimming glasses,

opere, under this title, from the pen of Mr. And bundle to bed.

E. T. Swift, was produced, on Thursday, When Champaigne is exhausted, at the ancient Lyceum. With the blemish

Insidle Obserrations.-An ancient philoAnd Burgundy's gone,

of being a full hour too long, it is otherwise sopher wished for a window to the human Who would leave even Claret,

a pleasing and amusing drama. Not looking breast : the following is the nearest approach To perish alone.

for perfect plot or nature in such pieces, we to actual acquaintance with the intrard struc

freely grant the author the liberty he has ture that we know of.Dr. Laennec, of Concluding lines of "Waterlo--the poem which taken, of founding his play on an utter im- Paris, has invented a machine for investigat

obtained the Chancellor's Medal at the Camòridge probability, and carrying it on by means of ing diseases in the organs of the chest. It is Commencement 1820. By George Erving Scott, circumstances, to find" reasons for which a cylinder about a foot long, and 14 inch in Trin. Hall.

would puzzle better gnessers than his hero. diameter, pierced lengthwise by a hole threeTo distant skies that hurricane has rolled. A certain duchess of Mantua, or Mantua eiglats of an inch wide, and widened at But oh! the wreck it left! Could tongue unfold duchess, is at the head of this musical world; one end'in the form of a funnel the whole The matchless horrors of those cumbered plains, (niea Mantua Cremona fecit, quoth Mr. diameter of the cylinder. It acts partly as a 'Twould chill the current in a warrior's veins.

Davy, the composer) and she takes it into prolongation of the external ear, partly by And yet, that field of anguish, brief as keen, her head to order the head of one Cæsa- magnifying the sounds within the chest;

and Was but the centre of the one wide scene Of human misery. Oh! who shall say

rio to be cut off, unless he solves the riddle is well calculaied to improve the knowledge How many wounded spirits, far away,

of-what is a Woman's Will? He disliking of several important and obscure disorders. Are left to groan thro' long, chill hitter years, this proposed Cæsarean operation, runs away,

Baron de Feltz died a few days ago at Beneath the woe that nothing earthly cheers ?

and the princess, old Mantua's daughter, Brussels. He was a member of the StatesShall Glory be the widowed bride's relief? being in love with him, runs after him: General, and President of the Brussels AcaShe feels it but a mockery of grief.

Withheld for some cause or other, from demy of Sciences and Belles-Lettres. Shall Glory dry the childless mother's tears? telling him the solution of the question, she Double Musical Performance.--Mr. James Harsh grate the notes of Fame upon her ears! assumes various disguises, and tries to hint Watson, a blind musician of Dundee, in Thine are no Spartan matrons, favoured isle! him up to it. She tells him that idleness, Scotland, has contrived a method of playing Gentle as fair! The sunshine of their smile,

money, &c. are the responses ; but he de- upon the violin and violoncello at the same Where the proud victor loves to bask, is set.

clines risking his caput on these ansivers. time. He plays on the former in the comWith sorrow's dew the loveliest cheeks are wet. Throughout the land is gone a mourning voice; old woman; and discloses the real secret, on his feet. His right foot goes into a sort of

At length she assuines the aspect of an ugly non way, and on the latter by means of A village on the southern coast of the condition that Cæsario will do whatever she shoe at the end of the bow, and his right county of Cork, most romantically situated. asks. He of course beats the sphynx mo- thigh being supported by a spring attached The surrounding country is very beautiful, and ther, and is about to marry his dear princess, to his chair, the fatigue of his motion is not abounding in mineral productions. Several when the ugly old lady claims his hand in too great. The left foot acts upon a set of mines are worked there by Colonel Hall. wedlock. Honour rules him, and after some levers, by which he shortens the strings with

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