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Miscellaneous Advertisements,

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GRAMMAR of the FRENCH LANGUAGE;
A

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REVIEW OF NEW BOOKS.

wonderfully captivated with the beau iden! He is a busy-minded personage, who thinks

which they have formed of John Bull, and not inerely for himself and family, but for The Sketch Book. By Geoffrey Crayon. that is perpetually before their eyes.

endeavour to act up to the broad caricature all the country round, and is most generously

U 1- disposed to be every body's champion. He Second Vol. London, 1820. 8vo. luckily they sometimes make their boasted is continually volunteering his services to

Bull-ism an apology for their prejudice or scttle his neighbours' affairs, and takes it in {The success which attended the republication grossness; and this I have cspecially no- great dudgeon if they engage in any matter in England of the first and original volume un- ticed among those truly home-bred and ge- of consequence without asking his advice; der this title, has induced the author thus early nuine sons of the soil, who have never ini. though he seldom engages in any friendly to reappear before the world; and we are not grated beyond the sound of Bow bells. If oflice of the kind without finishing by getting the tess pleased with this, on account of feeling one of these should be a little uncouth in into a squabble with all parties, and then some self satisfaction et having taken the lead speech, and apt to utter impertinent truths, railing bitterly at their ingratitude. He unin the periodical and critical press, to welcome he confesses that he is a real John Bull, and luckily took lessons in his youth in the nobris literary labours, and to show that American always speaks his mind. If he now and ble science of defence, and having accomintent was its liberally estimated and as freely then flies into an unreasonable burst of pas- plished himself in the use of his linbs and poraised amongst uiš as British; and that the sion about trifles, he observes, that John his weapons, and become a perfect master not so well founded as it was. frequently made, Bull is a choleric old blade, but then his at boxing and cudgel pluy, he has had a by the majority of Mr. Irving's fellow citizens. passion is over in a moment, and lic bears | troublesome life of it ever since. lle canThe present volume, which is not inferior to no malice. If he betrays a coarseness of not hear of a quarrel between the most its precursor, and is consequently a most agree- taste, and an insensibility to foreign refine- distant of his neighbours, but he begins, irable performance, contains fifteen papers, five ments, he thanks heaven for his ignorance continently to funble with the land of luis of them on the festivities of Christmas. Among he is a plain John Bull, and has no relish for cudgel, and consider whether his interest or others, we have been much pleased with Little frippery and nicknacks. His very proneness honour does not require that he shonld abedPritain, as a picture of manners; and with the to be gulled by strangers, and to pay ex- dle in the broils. furleer, he has extended Stage Coach, as a natural sketch. The follow- travagantly for absurdities, is excused un- his relations of pride au pojicy so coming, however, is of a length more practicable for der the plea of munificcuce--for John is pletely over the whole country, that no transplantation into our page without being cut always more generous than wise. Thus, event' can take place, without mfringing down, and we select it as a fair example of the under the name of John Bull, he will conwork, and an entertaining as wel as clever and trive to argue every fault into a merit, and Couched in his little domain, with tirse tila

some of his finely-spin rights and ignities. saracious view of John Bull, by a native of will frankly convict himself of being the ments stretching fort in ever direction, be another country.)

honestest fellow in existence. JOHN BULL

Ilowever little, therefore, the character der, who has woven Iris web over a whole There is no species of humour in which may have suited in the first instance, it has chamber, so that a fly cannot buzz, nor a the English inore excel, than that which con- gradually adapted itself to the nation, or ra- breeze blow, without sariling his repose, sists in caricaturing and giving ludicrous ther, they have adapted themselves to cach and causing him to sally iorih wrathfully appellations, or nick names. In this way other; and a stranger who wishes to study from his den. they have whimsically designated, not mere- English peculiarities,may gather much valua Though really a goord-hearied, good 100ly individuals, but nations; and in their fond ble information from the innumerable por-pered fellow at bottom, yet he is singuness for pushing a joke, they have not spared traits of John Bull, as exhibited in the win- larly fond of being in the midst of coneven themselves. One would think, that in dows of the caricature shops. Still, howe- tention. It is one of his po uliarities, how. personifying itself, a nation would be apt to ver, he is one of those fertile humourists, ever, that he only relishes the beginning of an picture something grund, heroie, and impos- that are continually throwing out new traits, affray: he always goes into a fight with ing; but it is characteristic of the peculiar and presenting ditterent aspects from ditter- alacrity, but comes out of it grumbling even humour of the English, and of their love forent points of view; and, often as he has when victorious; and though no one nights what is blunt, comic, and familiar, that they been described, I cannot resist the tempta- with more obstinacy to carry a contested have embodied their national o:dities in the tion to give a slight sketch of him, such as point, yet, when the battle is over, and he figure of a sturdy, corpulent old fellow, with he has inet my eye:

comes to the reconciliation, he is so much a three-corned bat, red waistcoat, leather John Buil, to all appearance, is a plain taken up with the mere shaking of hands. breeches, and stout oaken cudgel. Thus downright, matter-of-fact fellow, with much that he is apt to lei his antagonist pocket all they have taken a singular delight in exiii- less of poetry about him than rich prose. they have been quarrelling about. It is not, Niting their most private foibles in a laugh. There is little of romance in his natuure, but therefore, fighting that he onghit so much to ble point of view; and have been so sucec33 a vast deal of strong natural freling. lle ex- be on his gan againas making friends. ful in their clelincations, that there is scarcely cels in humour, more than in wit ; is jolly, It is dificult to cudgel jim out of a furtling : a being in actual existence more absolutely rather than gay; melancholy, rather than but put him in a good luvour, and you may present to the public mind, than that eccen- morose ; can casily he moved to a sudden bargain him out of all the money in his tric personage, John Bull.

tear, or susprised into a broail laugh ; but pocket. He is like one of his own ships, Perhaps the continual contemplation of he loathes sentiment, and has no turn for which will weather the rougheat storm untithe character thus dra:vn of them, has light pleasantry. He is a boon companion, jured, but roll its masts overboard in the contributed to fix it upon the nation : and if you allow him to have his humour, and to succeeding calm. thus to give reality ti what at first may talk about himself; and he will stand by a He is a little fond of playing the magnifico have been painted in a great measure front friend in a quarrel, with life and purse, how- abroadd ; of puiling out abong porse; ilinging the imagination. Men are apt to acquire ever soundly he may be cudgelle.

his money bravely about at boxing inatches, peculiaries that are continually ascribeu to In this last respect, to tell the truth, he horse races, and cock lights, and carrying a item. The cuid!non orders of English seem locus a propensity tu be suinewhat 100 ready high lead unong “ gentlemen of the fancy;"

VOL. IV.

but immediately after one of these fits of fortably in the discliarge of their duties. The consequence is, that, like many other extravagance, he will be taken with vio To keep up this chapel has cost John venerable family establishments, his manor lent qualms of economy; stop short at much money; but he is staunch in his reli- is incumbered by old retainers whom he canthe most trivial expenditure ; talk despe- gion, and piqued in his zeal, from the cir- not turn off, and old style which he cannot rately of being ruined, and brought upon the cumstance that many dissenting chapels have lay down. His mansion is like a great hosparish ; and in such moods, will not pay the been erected in his vicinity, and several of pital of invalids, and, with all its magnitude, Anallest tradesman's bill, without violent al- I his neighbours, with whom he has had quar- is not a whit too large for its inhabitants. tercation. He is, indeed, the most punctual rels, are strong papists.

Not a nook or corner

but is of use in housing and discontented paymaster in the world ; To do the duties of the chapel, he main- some useless personage. Groups of veteran drawing his coin out of his breeches' pocket tains, at a large expense, a pious and portly beef eaters, gouty pensioners, and retired with infinite reluctance ; paying to the utter family chaplain. He is a niost learned and heroes of the buttery and the larder, are seen most farthing ; but accompanying every gui- decorous personage, and a truly well-bred lolling about its walls, crawling over its nex with a growl.

Christian, who always backs the old gentle-lawns, dozing under its trees, or sunning With all his talk of economy, however, man in his opinions, winks discreetly at his themselves upon the benches at its doors. he is a bountiful provider, and a hospitable little peccadilloes, rebukes the children Every office and out-house is garrisoned by housekeeper. His economy is of a whimsi- when refractory, and is of great use in exhort- these supernumeraries and their families ; cal kind, its chief object being to devise how ing the tenants to read their bibles, say their for they are amazingly prolific, and when he may afford to be extravagant ; for he will prayers, and, above all, to pay their rents they die off, are sure to leave John a legacy begrudge himself a becf-stake and pint of punctually, and without grumbling. of hungry mouths to be provided for. A port one day, that he may roast an ox whole, The family apartinents are in a very an- mattock cannot be struck against the most broach a hogshead of ale, and treat all his riquated taste, somewhat heavy, and often wouldering, tumble-down tower, but out neighbours, on the next.

inconvenient, but full of the solemn magui- pops, from some cranny or loop hole, the His domestic establishment is enormously fieence of former times; fitted up with rich, grey pate of some superannuated hanger-on, expensive ; not so much from any great out- though faded tapestry, unwieldy furniture, who has lived at John's expense all his life, ward parade, as from the great consumption and loads of massy gorgeous old plate. The and makes the most grierous outcry at their of solid beef and pudding; the vast number vast fire places, ample kitchens, extensive pulling down the root from over the head of of followers he feeds and clothes ; and his cellars, and suinptuous banqueting halls, – a worn out servant of the family. This is an singular disposition to pay hugely for small all speak of the roaring hospitality of days appeal thatJohn's honest heart never can withservices. He is a most kind and indulgent of yore, of which the modern festivity at the stand; so that a man, who has faithfully eaten inaster, and, provided his servants humour manor house is but a shadow. There are, his beef and pudding all his life, is sure to be his peculiarities, flatter his vanity a little now however, complete suites of rooms appa- rewareed with a pipe and tankard in his old and then, and do not peculate grossly on him rently deserted and time worn; and towers days. before his face, they may manage him to per- and turrets that are tottering to decay; so A great part of his park, also, is turned fection. Every thing that lives on him scems that in high winds there is danger of their into paddocks, where his broken-down 10 thrive and grow fat. His house servants are tumbling about the ears of the household. chargers are turned loose, to graze undiswell paid, and pampered, and have little to John has frequently been advised to have turbed for the remainder of their existence do. "His horses are sleek and lazy, and the old edifice thoroughly overhauled, and — worthy example of grateful recollection, prance slowly before his state carriage ; and to have some of the useless parts pulled which, if some of his neighbours were to his house dogs sleep quietly about the door, down, anıl the others strengthened with imitate, would no: be to their discredit. !na and will hardly bark at a house-breaker. their materials ; but the old gentleman al- deed, it is one of his great pleasures to point

His family inansion is an old castellated ways grows testy on this subject. He out these old steeds to his visitors, to dwell manor house, grey with age, and of a most ve- swears the house is an excellent house on their good qualities, extol their past sernerable, though weather-beaten appearance. that it is tight and weather proof, and not to vices, and boast, with some little rain-glory, It has been built upon no regular plan, but be shaken by tempests---that it has stood for of the perilous adventures and hardy, exis a vast accumulation of parts, erected in several hundred years, and, therefore, is not ploits, through which they have carried him. various tastes and ages. The centre bears likely to tìnhle down now—that as to its He is given, however, to indulge his veevident traces of Saxon architecture, and is being inconvenient, his family is accustomed neration for family usages, and family inas solid as ponderous stone and old English to the inconveniences, and would not be com- cunbrances, to a whimsical extent. His oak can make it. Like all the relics of that fortable without them-that as to its unwieldy manor is infested by gangs of gypsies; yet style, it is full of obscure passages, intricate size and irregular construction, these result he will not suffer them to be driven off, be inazes, and dusky chambers ; and though from its being the growth of centuries, and cause they have infested the place time out these have been partially lighted up in mo- being improved by the wisdon of every gene- of mind, and been regular poachers upon dern days, yet there are many places where ration--that an old family, like his, requires every generation of the family. He will you must still grope in the dark. Additions a large house to dwell in; new, upstart scarcely permit a dry branch to be lopped have been made to the original edifice from families may live in modern cottages and from the great trees that surround the house, time to time, and great alterations have taken snug boxes, but an old English family should lest it should molest the rooks, that have place ; towers and battlements have been inha an old English inanor-house. If you bred there for centuries. Owls have taken erected during wars and tumults; wings point out any part of the building as super- possession of the dovecote; but they are hebuilt in "times of peace ; and out-houses, Auous, he insists that it is material to the reditary owls, and must not be disturbed. lodges, aud offices, run up according to the strength or decoration of the rest, and the Swallows hiave nearly choked up every chimnwhím or convenience of different generations ; harmony of the whole; and swears that the ney with their nests; martins build in every until it has become one of the most spacious parts are so built into each other, that, if frieze and cornice ; crows flutter about the rambling teneinents imaginable. An en you pull down one, you run the risk of towers, and perch on every weather cock; tire wing is taken up with the family chapel; having the whole about your ears.

and old gray-headed rats inay be seen in a reverend pile that must once have been The secret of the matter is, that John has every quarter of the house, running in and exceedingly sumptuous, and, indeed, in spite a great disposition to protect and patronize. out of their holes undauntedly, in broad dayof having been altered and simplified at various He thinks it indispensable to the dignity of light. In short, John has such a reverence periods, has still a look of solemn religious an ancient and honourable family, to be for every thing that has been long in the pomp. Its walls within are storied with the bounteous in its appointments, and to be family, 'that he will not hear even of abuses monuments of John's ancestors; and it is eaten up by dependants ; and so, partly from being reformed, because they are good old snugly fitted up with soft cushions and well- pride, and partly from kind-heartedness, he fainily abuses. linerl chairs, where such of his family as are makes it a rule always to give shelter and All these whims and habits have concurred nclined to church services, inay doze coin inaintenance to his superannuated servants. woefully to drain the old gentleman's purse ;

and as he prides himself on punctuality in | got abroad, and are rare food for scandal in He is like his own oak ; rough without, but inoney matters, and wishes to maintain his John's neighbourhood. People begin to sound and solidl within ; whose bark abounds credit in the neighbourhood, they have look wise, and shake their leads, whenever with excrescences in proportion to thie caused hiin great perplexity in meeting his his affairs are mentioned. They all“ hope growth and grandeur of the timber; an! engagements. This too has been increased that matters are not so bad with him as re- whose branches make a fearful groaning and by the altercations and heart-burnings which presented ;, but when a man's own children murinuring in the least storin, from their are continually taking place in his family. begin to rail at his extravagance, things must very magnitude and luxuriance. There i: His children have been brought up to differ- be badly managed. They understand he is something, too, in the appearance of his old ent callings, and are of different ways of mortgaged over head and cars, and is con- family mansion that is extremely poetical thinking; and as they have always been al- tinually dabbling with money lenders. He and picturesque ; and, as long as it can be lowed to speak their minds freely, they do is certainly an open-handed old gentleman, rendered comfortably habitable, I should not fail to exercise the privelege most cla- but they fear he has lived too fast; indeed, almost tremble to see it meddled with durmorously in the present posture of his affairs. they never knew any good come of this fond- ing the present conflict of tastes and opiSorne stand up for the honour of the race, ness for hunting, racing, revelling, and prize- nions. Some of his advisers are no doubt and are clear that the old establishment fighting. In short, Mr. Bull's estate is a very good architects that might be of service; should be kept up in all its state, whatever fine one, and has been in the family a long but many I fear are mere levellers, who may be the cost; others, who are more pru- while; but for all that, they have known when they had once got to work with their dent and considerate, entreat the old gentlemany finer estates come to the hainmner.” mattocks on the venerable edifice, would man to retrench his expenses, and to put his What is worst of all, is the effect which never stop until they had brought it to the whole system of housekeeping on a more these pecuniary embarrassments and domes- ground, and perhaps buried themselves moderate footing. He has, indeed, at times tic fends have hard on the poor man himself. among the ruins. All that I wish is, that seemed inclined to listen to their opinions, Instead of that jolly round corporation, and John's present troubles may teach him but their wholsome advice has been coin- snug rosy face, which he used io present, he inore prudence in future. 'That he may pletely defeated by the obstreperous conduct has of late become as shrivelled and shrunk cease to distress his mind about other peoof one of his sons. This is a noisy rattle as a frost-bitten apple. His scarlet gold-laced ple's affairs ; that he may give up the fruitpated fellow, of rather low habits, who neg: waistcoat, which bellied out so bravely in less attempt to promote the good of his lects his business to frequent ale houses-is those prosperous days when he sailed before neighbours, and the peace and happiness of the orator of village clubs, and a complete the wind, now hangs loosely about him like the world, by dint of the cudgel; that he oracle among the poorest of his father's te a mainsail in a calm. His leather brecches may remain quietly at home; gradually get nants. No sooner does he hear any of his are all in folds and wrinkles ; and apparently his house into repair ; cultivate his rich brothers mention reform or retrenchment, have much ado to hold up the boots that estate according to his fancy; husband his than up he jumps, takes the words out of yawn on both sides of his once sturdy legs. income--if he thinks proper ;. bring his their mouths, and roars out for an overturn. Instead of strutting about, as formerly, unruly children into order-if he can ; reWhen his tongue is once going, nothing can with his three-cornered hat on one side; new the jovial scenes of ancient prosperity ; stop it. He rants about the room ; hectors flourishing his cudgel, and bringing it down and long enjoy, on his paternal lands, à the old man about his spendthrift practices; every moment with a hearty thump upon the green, an honourable, and a merry old age. ridicules his tastes and pursuits; insists that ground; looking every one sturdily in the he shall turn the old servants ont of doors ; face, and trolling out a stave of a catclı or a Amyntas, a Tale of the Woods ; from give the broken down horses to the hounds; drinking song ; he now goes about whistling send the fat chaplain packing, and take a thoughtfully to himself, with his head

the Italian of Torquato Tasso. By field-preacher in his place-nay, that the drooping down, his cudgel tucked under his

Leigh Hunt. London, 1820. 12mo. whole family mansion shall be levelled with arın, and his hands thrust to the bottom of the ground, and a plain one of brick and his breeches pockets, which are evidently The Aminta of Tasso, in which it has mortar built in its place. He rails at every empty;

been asserted by the most skilful and social entertainment and family festivity, and Such is the plight of honest John Bull at learned Italians, criticism could find no skulks away growling to the ale-house when present; yet for all this the old fellow's fault, is comparatively little known in this ever an equipage drives up to the door. spirit is as tall and as gallant as ever. If country; and, except as a model of lanThough constantly complaining of the empti- you drop the least expression of sympathy guage, it does not appear to us that its ness of his purse, yet he scruples not to or concern he takes fire in an instant; I genius is calculated for our national taste. spend all his pocket-money in these tavern swears that he is the richest and stoutest The gallantry and elegance of the Court of convocations, and even runs up scores for fellow in the country; talks of laying out Ferara, at the period of its production, have the liquor over which he preaches about his large suns to adorn his house or to buy no corresponding feelings in British bosoms; father's extravagance.

another estate ; and, with a valiant swag- and the effeminacy of the Italian character, It may readily be imagined how little sich ger and grasping of his cndgel, longs ex-excites ridicule, rather than sympathy, in thwarting agrees with the old cavalier's fiery ceedingly to have another bout at quarter- the rougher natures of England. But even tempera:nent. He has become so irritable, staff.

in Italy, (as with us its copy, the Faithful from repeated crossings, that the mere men Though there may be something rather Shepherd), the Pastor Fido of Guarini is tion of retrenchment or reformn is a signal for whimsical in all this, yet I confess I cannot more read than the Aminta ; and though we a brawl between hinn and the tavern oracle. look upon John's situation, without strong must confess to the truth of Tasso's remark, As the latter is too sturdy and refractory for feelings of interest. With all his odd hu- when asked by the author's friends, (after paternal discipline, having grown out of all mours and obstinate prejudices, he is a ster-witnessing its performance,) what he thought fear of the cudgel, they have frequent scenes ling hearted old blade. He may not be 30 of it ? " if he had not seen my Aminta, he of wordy warfare, which at tiines run so wonderfully fine a fellow as he thinks him-could not have done it :" it is, we think, bigh, that John is fain to call in the aid of self, but he is at least twice as good as his demonstrable, that the novelty of this species his son Tom, an officer who has served abroad, neighbours represent him. His virtues are of pastoral composition, and the extraordibut is at present living at home, on half pay. all his own; all plain, homebred and unaf- nary beauty of the style, were the chief reThis last is sure to stand by the old gentle- fected. His very faults smack of the raci- commendations of the elder Poet. inan, right or wrong; likes nothing so much ness of his good qualities. His extravagance As neither of these qualities could be as a racketing roystering life ; and is ready, savours of his generosity; his quarrelsome transferred to a translation, we do not conat a wink or nod, to out-sabre, and flourish ness of his courage ; his credulity of his sider Mr. Hunt's choice of subject to be a it over the orator's head, if he dares to array open faith; his vanity of his

pride ; and his happy one. Indeed, he has not wasted much }uimself against paternal authority.

bluntness of his sincerity. They are all the labour upon it: his version is a school-boy's These family dissensions, as usual, bave redundancies of a rich and liberal character. task, and little superior to those renderings

pp. 146.

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