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among them, one thirteen and the other four-, infidels because we have not the same faith TURNER'S TRAVELS IN THE LEVANT.

teen years old, both married ; indeed there in Mahomet, who, say they, is the prophet Mr. Turner having travelled over so much were in uch younger wires. There were two foretold by Moses in the 18th Chapter of of interesting ground, and written a great children ten years old, one of whom had Deuteronomy (Verse 15.) and the Comfortdeal (if not very strikingly) about it, we been married six months, and the other a er promised by Christ in the 16th Chapter of take up his third octavo for a concluding year. Nay, there was one ten years old, wlio St. John, 7th verse, The Greeks, on the notice. This volume, like the others, is neatly had been married two years; the father of contrary, say that Mahomet is the prophet ornamented ; and, with the exception of two this latter one would not give his consent, but described in the 19th chapter of Revelation, wood impressions of persons lianged; in good her lover gave 100 piastres to the Agå, and 20th verse." taste : the author surely did not intend these by his assistance seized her by force.

“At the Courban Bairam (which liappens as practical puns on head and tail pieces. Proceeding chiefly along the coast of Ana- a month or six weeks after the Ramazan) Its text consists of accounts of several of the tolia, the author's observations are more en- tliey sacrifice rains and lambs, every inan Grecian Islands, ánd of travels through parts tertaining, and his rernarks on antiquities, one and the rich eighteent or twenty : these of Asia Minor: to which, by way of addenda, theatres, &c. possess greater novelty; but are afterwards eateu or given to the poor. Mr. Turner has thrown in the notes froin luis we can only copy the annexed.

F.'s pun was excellent, *1 suppose that is common place book, forming the most agree “It is curious to observe the gradual dis- the reason they call it the buy portion of his publication, unincutnbered use of Greek among the Greeks, produceil * There is an amusing account in the Kowith tlie verbiage of a heavily wrought nar- by the change of their residence. In Greece rán of Solomon's interview with the Queen rative.

the Turks speak only Greek ; in Constantin of Sheba, which states that the King, being Much of the poctical adıniration of the nople the Greeks speak both Greek and anxious to see her legs, covered the floor Romaïka dance, is dispelled by the following Turkish, but only the former to each other; withi glass placed over water in which were real description of it, as witnessed at Melasso in Asia Minor, along the coast, they can fisk ; this made her Majesty lift up her robe, (where, by the by, there are some very fine speak Greek when addressed in it, but talk to avoid wetting it, and the king thus discoruins). Tie Proestos, in whose house Mr. Turkish to each other, as they did here at vered that her legs were covered with hair." Turner lodged, had his daughter married ; Ooliabat. And in the interior parts of Asia - Sale's Koran, chap. 27. and the author says

Minor they know no other language than "A few years, ago an English sailor at In tlie evening he invited me to the Turkish.”

Smyrita went into an open mosque at the marriage, and being glad of such an oppor The addenda must supply our remaining time of prayer: seeing the Turks kneeling tunity of seeing théit customs, I went at extracts : it is thus introduced.

and bowing, he flung down his hat and knelt eight o'clock. I found two rooms full of “A traveller gathers some information, down too. After prayers they seized on him, men singing and drinking; the women were and ineets with some incidents which he can- and took him before the Cådy as a convert all retired together in another room, from not weave into the narrative of his journal: to Mahoinetanism. As he could not be which the men were excluded. After drink- I have therefore kept this chit-chat to place made to understand their questions, the draing for two hours, the men; at half past eight, it at the eud, having always written it down goman of the English consul was sent for, descended into the court-yard, where they on the spot where it excited my attention, I through whom he was asked if it were his were met by the women, and such as wished shall begin with what I observed of the wish to become a Turk. No!' he said, to dance formed a ring, in which I counted Turks, then detail what struck me of the he would see them first. Why forty of them. The music played slow time, Arabs, and finish with what I saw and heard then did you go into the mosque ?: Why, and they all danced round a blazing mangahl of the Greeks.”

I saw a church-door open, and I thought any (pan of charcoal) which one man staid in the From the Turkish anecdotes we select the body might go into a church. I have not middle to replenish occasionally. Had the following.

been in one for three years before, and dance been of the sprightliest tune, they “If a baker sell light bread, for the first of me if I ever go into one again, if I can't do were so crowded that they could only move fence he is forgiven, or but slightly punished; so without turning Turk. It was not withvery slow: but, without any doubt, the ro- for the second he is bastinadoed, and for the out great difficulty that the Turks were dismaika is the stupidest dance ever invented. third beheaded ; if the master be not found, suaded from patting à turban on him by The dancers inove slowly round, making al- his apprentice suffers.":

force.” terriately one step forward and another back If a butcher sell bad meat, he is nailed " They (the Turks) account thus for an ward ; the inen sung as they moved round, by the ear to his own door-post from sun-rise earthquake: in the bowels of the earth is but the woinen reinained quite silent and to sun-set : I remember seeing a Greek deposited, say they, a huge fish, and when looked excessively melancholy. A party of butcher nailed thus, and the fellow had the the Deity is incensed by the crimes of manGreeks, all in their holiday array, and as- impudence to say to me - You see me tor- kind, he gives this fish a violent blow on the sembled in the air among beautiful and ro- mented as our Saviour was.'”

tail, which makes it jump about, and the inantic scenery, must always have an inter “The Turks lately punished a pirate by force of its motion agitates the earth." esting and picturesque appearance ; and it laying him alive : they begur at the head, “ The Turks allow that their Eimperor is only on this account (and on considering but when they came to the breast, the man may kill, every day, fourteen of his subjects the general passion for praising any thing died with the agony."-1812.

with impunity and without impeachment of foreign), that I can imagine how any travel “A Turk was lately beheaded at Buyuk- tyranny, because, say they, he does many ler can have expressed any applause of so derch (by order of the Grand Vizier, who things by divine impulse,

the reason of which stupid a dance as the romaika. On my ob- was walking about in disguise) for haring it is not permitted to them to know, I have serving the globmy appearance of the woiven, sold, for twenty-four paras, a quantity of been told that a pasha of three tails is aua Greck near me told me that they would chestnuts, of which the price was fixed at thorized by law to cut off five heads a day, think it a shame to laugh or talk in the pre. twelve paras." --1812.

a pasha of two tails three, and a pasha of sence of men. Men and women were all “The Turks wash a corpse before they one tail one." dressed in their holiday clothes, in which I bury it, supposing that it is to appear before “A mollah (judge) of Jerusalem, besaw no difference from those of their coun- its Creator, and ought therefore to be quite ing disturbed at niglit by dogs, ordered trymen in Constantinople and elsewhere, clean. When it is in the grave, the Imaum all those aniinals in Jerusalemn and its envi. except that some of the women wore red (priest) addresses it and tells it which road it rons to be killed, and thus excited a mutiny gowns embroidered with gold, which is to take to arrive in Paradise, and advises it among the people, who are forbidden by the and that all of them protruded from under and reject those of its evil one.”.

or necessary for the nourisliment of man. these splendid rohes, a foot without a stock "The Turks acknowledge the existence Having, however, by the authority of the ing, though decorated with an embroidered of Christ as a prophet, and eren detail some Mufti, his father, succeeded in obtaining

1° distinguished two pretty women of the miracles he performed. They call us obedience to his orders, he was emboldened to

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issue another still more capricious. The flies nisin 18 (by his faith) that he had seen this and to the Mufti; a long enuneration, inclubeing very troublesome to hiin during the effect produced by them.".

ding Cyprus, Candia, Rhodes, Mytelen, Cos, heat of the summer, he ordered that every “I heard some Greeks in the coffee-house Tenedos, Scio, &c. &c.; only 31, however, artizan should bring him every day forty of at Yeronta (Miletus), give, as a reason for pay tribute to the captain Pasha. these insects on a string under pain of a se- Englishmen travelling, that they knew by vere fine, and he caused this ridiculous sen- books where treasures were hid, and that, on

HUBER ON ANTS. tence to be severely enforced.”

finding them, they change, by inagic, the “When a Grand Vizier is favourably de- pieces of money into flies and make them

[Dr. Johnson's Translation, continued.] posed (i. e.) without banishing him or put- Ay to their houses in England ; on arriving Our preceding extracts furnished a view ting him to death) it is signified to him by a at which they again become pieces of money into the interior of the ants' hill, and displaychiaoux from the Sultan, who goes to his These fellows tried hard to make me believe ed the extraordinary motions of these insects, table and wipes the ink out of his golden pen; in the holy fire at Jerusalem, and told me of in the care of the rising generation. Pursuthis he understands as the sign of his dismissal: many miracles lately perfornied by the Greek ing the same subject; we learn, thatif his fate be more severe, he receives an or- priests of their neighbourhood : they were • The insect, in the state of pupa, has der from the Sultan to await his sentence in very confident of being soon liberated from acquired the figure it will always preserve ; a small kiosk (summer-house) just outside of the Turks, and said that this would be ac- nothing seeing wanting but strength and a the walls of the Seraglio, where he sits some complished by themselves in three years at little more consistence : it is also as large as times four or six hours, before the messen- most, without the help of the Russians, or it will ever be; all its members are distinct, ger comes to tell him whether he is to be any other European power. They said, that one single pellicle envelopes them. The ant, banished or put to death.”

all the knowledge of the Europeans was under this forın, continues to move for soine “Hussein, Captain Pasha (the famous derived from the Greeks of Constantinople inoinents after its quitting the state of larva, one who fought at Cheshmé) when in the bay (under the Lower Empire) who were very but it soon becomes immovcable: it afterwards of Smyrna once, with his flect, seeing one of learned men, who had shut up all the dis- changes gradually in colour, passing from a his ships run foul of another, ordered the cases that aflict human nature in a column fine white to a pale yellow; then becoining red, captain on board and beheaded him immc. at Constantinople, so successfully that man- and in several species, brown, almost verging diately."

kind would never have been afflicted by them to black. The rndiinents of wings may at this “The same Hussein bad a Jew physician again, had not a Jew broken the column. time be seen in those which are destined to called in one day to relieve him from an This last is, probably, some fable founded fly. The pupæ have still many attentions to aching tooth; the clumsy fellow unfortu- on the brazen pillar in the Hippodrome.” receive from the workers; the greater part nately drew the wrong one, but as the agony “A Greek woman thinks it unlucky to are enclosed in a tissue spun by themselves of extraction drowned the pain for a time, begin cutting out a gown or making any before their metamorphosis; but they canhe got away undetected; the pain soon re- article of dress on a Tuesday or a Saturday.” not, like other insects, liberate themselves turned, and a few days after Hussein meet “The Grecks think sneezing a good omen; from this covering by effecting an opening in ing the man on the Bosphorus, stopped him it is a sign their friend or lover reinembers it with their teeth. They have scarcely the and had every tooth in his head drawn.” thein : they will give the name of a friend, power of moving ; their covering is of too

"The best Otto (Uttar) of Roses in Turkey or a lover, to each of their fingers of one compact a texture, and formed of too strong is made at Casandjik, a small village about hand, and suddenly taking hold of one when a silk, to allow of their tearing it without a day's journey froin Adrianople, where there they sneeze, think themselves remembered the assistance of the workers. But how do are large fields of roses for seven or eight by the person whom the finger they have these indefatigable attendants ascertain the miles of country. The proof of its goodness hold of represents.”

proper moment for this process ?-If they is its easily freezing, being biting to the “The Greek women will put apple pips possessed the faculty of hearing, we might tongue, and, if put on paper, and dried by into the fire or candle ; if they jump, it is a imagine they knew the fit time, from some the fire, leaving no stain.”

sign their friend or lover remembers them; noise producerl in the interior of the prison From the remaining recollections we take the contrary if they lie quiet.”

by the insects whose developement has comthese, respecting the Greeks.

This superstition resembles that of putting inenced; but there is no indication favouring “Greeks may marry a third wife, but not peas in the fire in England on Midsummer- this opinion ; it is probable they have a knowa fourth; by our old travellers, it appears ere, and nuts in Scotland on “Halloween.” | ledge of it from some slight movements that that 150 years ago they could only go as far The author concludes his work with some take place within, which they ascertain as a second; in 100 years inore, perhaps a strangely inappropriate poetry. The senti. throngh the medium of their antennæ ; for fourth will be allowed."

ments are well enough, but it is an odd sort these organs are cudowed with a sensibility, “Every Papas (priest) is buried, sitting of thing altogether to place such a matter at of which it would be diflicult to form a just up in a chair, but this custom has nothing to the end of a book of travels ; and though we idea : whatever it be, they are never deceived. do with his wife's promising not to marry felt a peculiar interest in the fate of one of “ Let us still follow thein in that labour, again, as Aaron Hill writes."

the relatives, whose loss he deplores (at wlicrein are displayed, as it regards their "The Greeks always expect that the wea- least we presume so from the identity of charge, a zeal and an attachinsent which would ther, whatever it may be, will change on a name); we must say, that his verse is sadly justly inerit our attention, even were they Friday." out of keeping here.

the real parents of these insects : how much “ At Cousouaïki (the village where I pas To conclude with a paragraph of useful grater then must be our astonishment, when sed the night between Boudroun and Melas- information. The Greek Islands belonging we consider that they bear no further relaso), in the coffec-houses, some Greeks were to the Porte, and their computed population, tion to thein, than that of being born under talking to each other about me, before they are 19 in number, with a total of 112,400 the same roof. Sereral sales and females knew I understood them; they said that souls. viz. Naxos 15,000, Paros 7000, lay in their enveloping membrane in one of Englishmen travelled because they believed Tino 20,000, Micone 7000, Sira 4000, the largest cavities of my glazed ant-bill. that if they died abroad their souls would Zia 5000, Thermia 4000, Argentiera 700, The Labourers, assembled together, appearreturn to England and animate the body of Milo 1500, Amorgo 1500, Polycandro 2000, ed to be in continual motion around them. a child of twelve years old, and thus recom- Santorino 13,000, Nanfio 1500, Astampalia I noticed three or four mounted upon one of mence life ; I found this absurdity was be- 2000, Nio 3000, Antiparos 200. Andros these cocoons, endeavouring to open it with lieved by the Greek Bishop of Akhisar." 15,000, Serpho 3000, Siphanto 7000. The their teeth at that extremity answering to the

“A Greek, in Melasso, told me that there tribute announts in all to 280,000 Turkish head of the pupa; they began thinning it, by are miraculous powers in the medals of Con- piastres. There are besides Íslands of the tearing away some threads of silk where they stantine the Great, and that if one of them Archipelago, belonging (as recorded at the wished to pierce it; and at length, by dint of were put on a sieve, it would prevent water Porte) to the Captain Pasha, to the govern- jinching and biting this tissue, so extremely running through; he swore to me fee you ment, to the Steward of the Household, difficult to brcak," they formed in it a vast

number of apertures. They afterwards at-lars. Our selections here are consequently | Their history is closely connected with the tempted to enlarge these openings, by tcar- less ample than we should otherwise have history of ant-hills, and embraces several ing or drawing away the silk ; but these ef- made them.

curious, and hitherto unknown, particulars." forts proving ineffectual, they passed one of * The male and female ants, when they One of the most remarkable of these is, their teeth into the cocoon, through the aper- take a long flight from the ant-hill, do not the fact that the female ant immediately, tures they had forıncd, and by cutting each show that singular instinct which guides bees, and voluntarily strips off her own wings, and thread, one after the other, with great pa- wasps, and other insects, in again finding thus becomes domesticated! Then comtience, at length effected a passage, of a their habitation. This instinct consists, in mences the charge of thc punierous labourers line in diameter, in the superior part of the their knowing how to move in every direc- who attach themselves to her. web. They now uncovered the head and tion around their abode, without straggling, “The feinales are conducted into the infeet of the insect to which they werc desir, in order to examine its position, and the terior of the nest, and commence by being enous of giving liberty, but before they could several places in its vicinity. We inay be tirely dependent upon the workers. The latter, release it, it was absolutely necessary to en- soon convinced of this by displacing a live, hanging to each of their legs, guard them large the opening; for this purpose these The first day the bees never venture abroad, with assiduity, and nerer permit them to go guardians cut out a portion in the longitudi- nuless they have previously visited all the out. They nourish them with the greatest nal direction of the cocoon, with their teeth neighbouring objects: they turn round on care, and conduct them into quarters whose alone, employing these instruments as we are all siles, keeping an eye upon their dwelling, temperature appears the best adapted to in the habit of employing a pair of scissars. without which, it may be readily conceived, them; but they do not abandon them an A considerable degrec of agitation prevailed it would be impossil!e they could return. instant. Each of these females loses, by in this part of the ant hill: a number of ants The Queen Bee does the same when she goes degrees, the desire of quitting her abode. were occupied in disengaging the winged in- forth to meet her parainour in the air. But Her abdomen increases in size: at this period, dividual of its envelope; they took repose our winged ants, on the coutrary, when they she no longer esperiences constraint. She and relieved each other by turns, evincing quit the ant-hill, keep their back continually has still a constant guard; a single ant acgreat eagerness in seconding their companions towards it, and go off in a right line to a dis- companies her every where, and provides for in this undertaking. To effect its speedy li- tance, froin which it would be no easy mat- her necessitics. 'Í'he greater part of the beration, soine raised up the portion or óan- ter to perceive it. Ke might from this infer, time the worker rests upon its ahtlomen, dalette cut out in the length of the cocoon; that they would never return to it. But I with its posterior legs stretched out upon the whilst others drew it gently from its impri- did not confine myself entirely to this obser- ground." It appears to be a sentinel stationed sonment. When the ant was extricated from vation; for I kept sentry, from the time of to survey the female's actions, and to seize its enveloping membrane, it was not, like their departure until night, and even several the first moment when she begins to lay, to other insects, capable of enjoying its free days in succession, to be fully assured they carry off the eggs. It is not always the same dom, and taking Hight: nature did not will did not return to the ant-hill

. In this way ant which follows her; this is relieved by it that it should 80 soon be independent of the I have arrived at the conviction, that their others, who succeed it without interruption; labourers. It could neither dy, nor walk, return is one of those fables with which we but when the maternity of the female is well nor without difficulty stand; for the body have been a long time amused. What, then, known, they cornmence by rendering her was still confined by another meinbranc, becomes of these insects, accustoined as they that homage which the becs evince for their from which it could aut, by its own exer- have been, to live in a convenient spacious qucen. A court of from ten to fifteen ants tions, disengage itself.

ahode, sheltered from every inclemency of continue follow her; she is unceasingly the " In this fresh enbarrassinent, the la- the weather, and receiving every attention object of their cares and caresses; all are bourers did not forsake it; they removed the from the labourers, suddenly relying upon eager to collect around her, offer her nonsatin-like pellicle which embraced every their owu guidance, deprived of all these rishment, and conduct her in their snandibles, part of the body, drew the antennæ gently advantages?"

through ditficult and ascending passages. froin their investment, then discngaged the “We know that in the class of insects with They also lead her through all the different feet and the wings, and lastly, the body, the four membranous wings, the wales are des quarters of the ant-bill

. The eggs, taken up abdomen, and its peduncle. The insect was titute of offensive weapons, and do not pos- by the labourers, at the instant of their being now in a condition to walk and receive nou-sess that admirable apparatus which the laid, are collected around her. When she rishinent, for which it appeared there was greater part of females put in use in the es- secks repose, a group of ants environ her. urgent need. The first attention therefore, tablishment of their family; they have nei- Several females live in the same nest; they paid it by the guardians, was that of gir- their chisel-shaped teeth, nor stings, nor ori. show no rivalry; cach has her court; they ing it the food I had placed within their positors (tariercs). The several arts we re pass each other uninjured, and sustain, in reach.

mark among the greater number of bees and common, the population of the anthill; but “ The ants in every part of the ant-hill wasps, ichneumons and tenthredines, &c. are they possess no power ; which, it would were occupied in giving liberty to the males, exercised by the fernales alope, or by the seem, entirely lodges with the peuters. females, and young labourers, that were labourers, their representatives. The de. However, as ihey reccive the same honours still enveloped. On being dispossessed of fence of the nest is also confided to them : as queen bees, I shall sometiines give them their coverings, the remnants were collected the males, after attending to the office of rc- the titles of queens." and placed aside in one of the most distant production, becoine useless to the family of " In whatever apartment, lodges of their habitation ; for these insects which they are inembers. The life of male“ a queen ant.condescends to be present, she observe the greatest order and regularity. ants cannot be of long duration ; deprived of commands obedience and respect. An universal Some species of ants remove these shreds to their attendants, incapable of providing their gladness spreads itself through the whole ceil, a distance froin the ant-hill; others cover the own subsistence, and returning no more to which is expressed by particular acts of joy and exterior surface of their nest with them, or the ant-hill that gave them birth, how can it exultation. They have a peculiar way of skipcollect them in particular apartinents." possibly be of any long continuance? Their ping, leaping, and standing upon their hind legs,

Such are the principal features in the life is either naturally limited to a few weeks, and prancing with the others. These frolics they rearing of the young of these minute in size or hunger will speedily terminate it: what make use of, both to congratulate cach other but wonderfully populous and industrious ever it be, they disappear in a little time after when they meet, and to show their regard for colories. We pass over slightly the flights the period of their amours ; but they never the queen. Some of them gently walk over

her, of the male and female unts from their fall victims, as happens with becs, to the others dance round her, and all endeavour to ex

ert their loyalty and affection. She is generally native hill, and the process for establishing fury of the labourers.

encircled with a cluster of attendants, who, if new nations. The details are extremely cu • At the period when the career of males is you separate tbem from her, soon collect themrious for the naturalist, but may as well terminated, that of the females is scarcely selves into a body, and inclose her in the midst. yield room,

in pages read by all ages and commenced: they bear the germs of future However romantic this description may appear, elasses, to other and as iuteresting particu- generations, and these germs are feeundated. it may easily be proved by an obvious experi

says Gould,


The workers, small as they are, even carry Than ev'n thy eloquence could reach Tartar Fort of the Inlet of Kadjabey, a their bulky sovereign ladies about, taking Too deep for tears, too strong for speech. town has risen whose population is calthe task in turns as they are fatigued ! and The multitude, with fond respect,

culated at 28,000; the rapidity of the imthe close of the drama, as stated in a note

Awhile each mark of feeling check'd:

provement naturally excites astonishment. by the translator, is worthy of its progress.

The light wave, rippling on the shore,

Odessa is most advantageously situated for “The attachment of the labourers to the

Was plainly heard the parting our. females would appear to extend even beyond

But when this hallow'd silence broke, important rivers, the Dnieper and the Dnie

trade; it lies between the mouths of two

When ev'ry voice was heard to swell, the existence of tlie latter; for, when a preg

In one magnificent farewell,

ster, about 6 miles distant from each, and nant female dies, five or six labourers rest

As if thy country's Genius spoke.

vessels readily seek shelter in the bay against near her, and during several days, brush and Yet though thy name illume th' historic page,

the storms which render navigation so danlick her continually, either in token of last- As Patriot Statesman, Orator, and Sage,

gerous in the Black Sea. In the year 1796, ing affection, or that by these means they Though nations blest and rival senates hung

the town received its present name from the hope to reanimate her."

On the commanding accents of thy tongue - Empress Catharine; but it owes its pros-
There was a daily beauty in thy life,

perivy to the Emperor Alexander, who apA Monody on the Death of Mr. Grattan. In Nature's lap, remote from toil and strife, pointed the Duke de Richelieu to be Go

Soothing deep Sorrow with this dearer boast, vernor of Bessarabia and the Crimea. The

Who nearest saw, admir'd and lov'd the most. Duke watched over the welfare of Odessa A very feeling and poetical effusion las

We believe this tribute to be from a lady's with paternal tenderness; the population conbeen published at Ridgway's, to the memo

tinued to increase every year; and it was pen. ry of Mr. Grattan ; no action of whose life

not until he had ensured the happiness of did him inore honour than his mode of leav

thousands that he left the place, accompa

DESCRIPTION ing it. May his dying advice have all the


nied by the prayers and blessings of both eflect it ought to have upon the country (From the German het ab Halleisner, lately preba rich and poor? wliich he loved, and to which he left this

Those who visit Odessa for commercial

The situation of Odessa is by no means invaluable legacy. Though the poem is so short, we cannot resist unproportional quo- who visit it for the sake of the baths, gene- flat and without vegetation. In dry weather purposes usually travel by sea, while those picturesque, the houses of the town extend

as far as the Steppes, and the sea-shore is tation.

rally go by land. The latter mode of traGrattan! thy triumph over death, yelling is attended by many inconveniences; the dust is unbearable, and in the rainy seaThy fervid days' majestic close,

in the Steppes *, it is very difficult to obtain son the unpaved streets are covered with Thy kindling hope, and bright repose, Bequeath'd us, with thy parting breath,

a sufficient number of horses. If a party deep inud. The mixture of oriental dres

chuse to travel in the Polish fashion, that is ses, manners, and languages, however, preA boon as great as aught thy mind E'er strove to win for human kind.

to say, in the form of a small caravan, they sents a inost lively and novel picture. A We catch a glimpse of unknown pow'rs,

employ hired horses, and take along with stranger might inagine himself transported More of the coming world than ours,

them every thing that inay be requisite for into one of the trading towns of the Levant ; Seeing, that high and holy views the space of four or five days. This supply are Russians, yet the Greeks and Karailes

for though the majority of the population Such glories o'er thy couch diffuse,

includes not only provisions, but also water (a Jewish sect from some of the eastern That life can nought more precious give,

and wood. The latter articles are greatly Than thus, like thee, to cease to live.

sian Government has endeavoured to people from shawls down to rose-pastilles ; and the needed by the Colonists, with whom the Rus-countries) are exceedingly numerous. Their

bazaars contain all the produce of the East, Thy patriot heart desir'd t exhale Its latest sigh within the palestra

the Steppes ; though they have, it is true, in Italian language is universally understood. Where Chatham, deeply honour'd, fell, some measure supplied the want of water

by On festival-days the liberal-minded merDying, like him, in duty's path.

means of cisterns, and have substituted dry chants here permit a species of amuseigent, Heav'n check'd this wish-not in its wrath,

dung for fuel. I know of nothing more te- which the oppressors of the Greeks do not But lest thy rising soul should trace,

dious than travelling across the Steppes, suffer them to enjoy in their native country, In those it lov'd on Earth so well,

those immeasurable levels, bounded only by Such pangs as time can ne'er efface, the horizon. At sea, the element itself, the namely, a dramatie performance in the moHad other eyes or hearts than theirs Bestow'd the last and dearest cares, ther, the anxiety for a favourable gale, con semblance to the ancient Greek drama,

than activity of the ship's crew, and in calm wea dern Greek language. The piece which I

saw represented, certainly bore even less reFor, blest and blessing in each tie The charities of life supply,

tribute to keep the mind unceasingly em- the performers did to their glorious ances'Twas thine domestic joys to prove, ployed.

Through a long line of circling years, | plains, covered only with grass and gigantic tors; it was a translation from a Russian Whose mingling radiance but appears thistles, is in the highest degree oppressive hear, in the recitation

of the actors, those One summer's day of wedded love.

to the senses. It is seldom that even a so- harmonious tones, which I had never been When, on lerne's emerald shore,

litary, mishapen tree, marks the spot where Thou saw'st her grateful myriads pour,

the colonist has constructed his hut, halt able to discover in the common conversation Her cliffs all kindling into life,

buried under-ground.

Troops, and the Bands of the modern Greeks; the ore rotundu loqui As swift receded from Chy view

of the Steppes, as they are called, are the was the only circumstance which served to Tirat. beauteous theatre of strife,

only occupants of this soil

, which is fertile,

remind me of the ancient Hellas. The land that found thee always true though the present as well as the next gene-nothing can be more interesting than the

With respect to diversity of languages, The workings of thy mighty mind

ration, inust labour hard for its cultivation ere Must in their circle have combin'd,

their posterity can hope to derive from it, the conversation-rooms of the Quarantine-EsOf thought, of feeling, passion, more means of subsisting with comfort. To tablishment at Odessa. They consist of the above wants, may be added that of ma- long galleries, 5 or 6 feet in breadtb, with a

Behind one of ment. If you place a queen ant, with her reti- terials for building, which are only to be partition on either side. nue under a glass, you will, in a few moments, procured at Severinowka, a place belonging Quarantine house, and behind

the other the

these barriers, are the foreigners of the be convinced of the honour they pay, and es- to Count Severin Potocki; it furnishes a teem they entertain for her.” In reference to light calcareous kind of stone, of which reigners are not detained here until it be as

merchants of the town. In general, fono rivalry being experienced, he says, “ You Odessa is principally built. may sometimes expect to find two Yellow Queens

certained that they are free from all plague in

, in the same colony, I bave

once or twice met the inhabitants of this place lived beneath fection. As soon as their ships are laden same lodgment, and live together in perfect har- tents, and that from the village and the little and from behind the partitions above men mony and union."-T.

The Russian Deserts,

tioned, they transact business with the inha

bitants of the town. I happened to lw at on the spot, to those scientific investigations Fothergill, became dried up, or nearly 80, as Odessa in the year 1816, a period when which appear to be so absolutely necessary to much as ten or twelve years since; and the many countries were visited by scarcity, and set Cheltenham right in the eyos of the well, which was not more than six or eight Russia, through her super-abundance, was country.]

fect deep, was sunk about two years ago to destined to supply the greater part of Eu

To the Editor of the Literary Gazette.

the depth of seventy feet, where water was rope. Upwards of 300 vessels of all coun

found in the clay, just as it is found in all tries were constantly lying in the harbour

Cheltenham, June 30th, 1820. the new wells. waiting to take in their cargoes. In the SIR, -After reading an article in the Lite. What the medicinal quality of this water Quarantine Establishment, almost all the rary Gazette of June 24th, upon the subject is, as well as that of the other numerous languages of Europe and of the East re- of Cheltenhain Waters, to which is subjoined wells here, I will notice hereafter ; but must sounded at the same moment, whilst every extracts from a painphlet recently published first attend to Dr. Neale’s extraordinary asone endeavoured to drown the voice of his by Dr. Neale, upon their nature and quali- sertions, of the deleterious nature of muriate neighbour, and the inhabitant of the South ties, I was much struck with the very par- of soda or common sea salt, in the proportions accompanied every word with an expressive tial nature of the statement there given of contained in Mr. Thompson's wells. gesture. The wliole scene forcibly reminded these celebrated springs.

In what school of meulicine or what field of me of the lines of Dante ::

I must claim attention from your candour experience he obtained this notion, he has Diverse lingue, orribili favelle,

and liberality, while I attempt to shew you not explained to us ; but when he asserts that Parole di dolore, accenti d'ira

that Dr. Neale's representations are in some muriate of soda, in the quantity that is found Facevan un tumulto, il qual s'aggira instances erroneous, and in others quite un- in Cheltenham water, is capable of exciting Sempre in quel aria. founded.

into inordinate action the blood vessels, and, In the years 1812 and 1813, 3000 of the It will perhaps be best, in the first place, to use his own words, “ that many a torpid inhabitants of Odessa were carried off by to settle the character of Dr. Neale's publi- liver, which might have remained for years the plague. It is said, that a Turk, who cation, by stating to the public, through the in a quiescent state, comparatively harinless escaped quarantine, spread the infection medium of your paper, the circumstances to its possessor, has been speedily thrown among the dancers of the Opera. Another under which it was published, and the views into violent inflammatory action, succeeded more poetic story, is that a swallow lighted it was intended to answer ; after which I by suppuration, and the patient been hurried on a ship

that had the plague on board, and will concisely state to you a history of the into the grave sooner by some years than carried off some feathers for her nest. Some numerous vells of this place, and the medi- would have happened had he not been put time after, a child picked up a young swallow cinal properties of the waters they contain. on a course of these stimulating waters;" which had fallen from this very nest, and

From recent exposures which have taken and that, “in one instance, a fatal apoplexy his whole family were immediately infected place at Cheltenhain, it appears that the had been produced, to his own knowledge" The nature of the disease was not iinmedi- pamphlet in question was written for the he asserted what he cannot prove; and alately known ; but the plague soon spread express purpose of recommending the water though this assertion was well calculated to orer a great part of the surrounding country. ceived one hundred pounds, as a reward for the public mind a prejudice highly injurious

of the old well; and Dr. Neale actually re- answer his own purpose, and to instilt isto

the services it was calculated to produce ; to the reputation of the Cheltenham springs, ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE. besides which, to use Dr. Neale's own words, it will have little infuence on the minds of

“ Certain advantages were held out to ine, medical men of experience on the spot or CHELTENHAM WATERS.

as likely to arise to inyself individually from elsewhere. (Having in a review of a pamphlet, published this undertaking, as all the expences of ad Another invidious observation of Dr. by Dr. Neale, on the subject of the Cheltenham vertising, printing, and publishing the pam- Neale's, as applicable to the Montpelier spas Waters, (a subject of infinite importance to a phlet, were to be defrayed by Captain Mat-is, " that in their clumsy attempts to render very numerous class of invalids), expressed that thews (the renter of the old well), as well as some of these waters more aperient, the opinion of the statements therein contained, whatever expences might arise, should I be mirers of the roaters appear to have no fixed which they, prima facie, appeared to warrant; exposed to legal proceedings, from the re- rule in adding the saline solution : bat again we have felt bound by a sense of candour and venge or resentment of the other proprietors; I must olserve, that this can hardly occur impartiality, to yield a place to the subjoined in short, I was to be borne out harmless in at the old welis, because the quantity of letter, from Dr. Newell, on the other side. We the affair, and was offered, verbally, a subse- aperient salts contained in those waters, is will not say

quent interest to accrue conclitionally." “ Who shall decide when doctors disagree;"

in general quite adequate to produce the ef

This statement requires no comment. It fect required upon the bowels." for, referring to the quantum of human health is not therefore to be wondered at, that in Is Di. Neale ignorant that the saline soand life which is at stake, we consider this orler to fulfill his agreement, De Neale lution, as he calls it (and which is put in matter to be highly worthy of being settled; and should have gone a good deal out of his way, italics, to insinuate that it may be composed venture to suggest to those concerned at Cheld in commenting upon the rival establishments ; of any purgative salt) is a solution of the tenham, the expediency and propriety of having and that be should have made use of asser. salts produced by evaporatiug Cheltenham the wells carefully analyzed by some eminent tions to establish his point, which I trust 1 water itself? Has he the smallest shadow carry authority with it; and lay the results ho- shall shew are untrue in themselves, as well of proof for this insinuation : or, on the nestly before the public,

as coutradicted by all medical experience. contrary, does lie not know that concealment With regard to Mr. Halpin's pamphlet, men.

To make good what I have advanced, upon this subject, has never been attempted ? tioned in our last, all we shall say at present is, must beg leave to remark, that the well of or that every thing connected with these that it takes the same line of argument with Dr. water which Dr. Neale designates as the wells is, and always has been, open to public Newell's letter ; but it is more personal, and original Spa Water, and to recommend which inspection and enquiry? These being undissomewhat coarse. Affidavits are produæd, as if this were a hard-swearing horse-dealer's case,

was the principal motive of bis pamphlet, puted facts, how can he justify himself for nt Nisi Prins, or a trial at the Old Bailey. In though he gives its contents as the analysis how can he satisfactorily explain Himself to

was never examined by Dr. Fothergill at all, the unwarrantable part he has taken? or, such a contest, the Literary Gazette can take no of that celebrated physician ; and, for any those who are capable of forming a correct share: private villifying cannot affect the quos- thing Dr. Neale can know to the contrary, I judgment ou the subject? tion at issue, which is no less than the salu. it may contain as much muriate of soda as brity or insalubrity of these celebrated Spas;

Before I tako leave of Dr. Neale's pamand having by the following inscrtion, put both either of the wells at the Montpelier or phlet, I ought to notice shortly what he has parties before the public, we shall, in whatever Sherborne Spas, which lie so inuch con-called the jocular part of it. In this, he difutnre artieles the subject may demand, avoid, demns.

rects his imaginary friend in Scotland (who as far as possible, the criminatory part of it;

The fact is, that the original spring, and is supposed to have a weal saline water while we give our best attention, in our study or which was analized' many years ago by Dr. Sapon lis estate) in a method which he says

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