Imágenes de página


And how to gayne a neuer-fading blisse. and its breadth thirty degrees of latitude, Chinese, Hindu, Arabian, Dutch, and Spanish "Twill make thee see that truely none doe raigne, from the parallel of l' lo south to 19° north colonists ; aud the whole population displays But those wbo serue our common souuerayne. latitude, thus comprehending, with the in- man in every intermediate condition, froin Nalk Fides.

tervening seas, an area of 44 millions of ge- the brute savage of New Guinea, to the more for God's sake marcke that fly:

ographical, or about 55 millions of statute cirilized inhabitant of Sumatra or Java. See what a poore, weake, little thing itt is. miles."

The two aboriginal races of human beings When thou hast marck'd, and scorn'd itt; know Borneo, New Guinea, and Sumatra, are inhabiting the Indian Islands, are as different that this

islands of the first rank; and among the from each other “ as both are from all the This little, poore, weake fly

other innumerable islands, (exclusive of the rest of their species. This is the only portion Has kill'd a pope ; can make an empirour dye. Malayan Peninsula) are Java, Celebes, Lu- of the globe which presents 80 unusual a Behold yon sparcke of fire :

zon or Luconia, Mindanao, Bali, Lambok, phenomenon. One of these races may geHow little hott: how neare to nothing 'tis ! Sambawa, Chandana, Flores, or Mangarai, nerally be described as a brown complexionWhen thou hast donne despising, know that this, l'imur, Ceram, Buroe, Gelolo, Pulawan, ed people, with lank hair, and the other as This contemn'd sparcke of tire,

Negros, Samar, Mondora, Panay, Leyte, a black, or rather sooty-coloured race, with Has burn't whole townes; can burne a world Zebu, &c. &c. better known to the majority woolly or frizzled hair. The brown and ne. entire.

of our readers, as the Philippine Islands, gro races of the Archipelago may be consiThat crawling worme there see:

Isles of Sunda, &c. &c. or by the names of dered to present, in their physical and moral Ponder how ugly, filthy, uild itt is. When thou hast seene and loath'd itt, know that the more frequented seas that are near them, character, a complete parallel with the white

such as Macassar, Molucca, China Sea, and negro races of the western world. The this This base worme thou doest see, Bay of Bengal, &c. &c.

first have always displayed as eminent a reHas quite deuour'd thy parents ; shall cate thee. of a mountainous nature, and its principal of white men have done over the negroes of

* The Indian Archipelago 18 throughout lative superiority over the second as the race Honour, the world, and man,

mountains froin one extremity to another are the west. What trifles are thoy! Since most true itt is

All the indigenous civilization That this poore fly, this little sparcke, this

volcanoes. It is very generally covered with of the Archipelago has sprung from them, So much abhorr'd worm, can

deep forests of stupendous trees. The num. and the negro race is constantly found in the Honour Jestroy; burne worlds; devoure up ber of grassy plains is very small, and there most savage state. That race is to be traced

are no arid sandy deserts. It is distinguish- from one extremity of the Archipelago to

ed from every cluster of islands in the another, but is necessarily least frequent History of the Indian Archipelago ; con- world by the presence of periodical winds, where the most civilized race is most numertaining an Account of the Manners,

and from all countries whatever by the pecu- ous, and seems utterly to have disappeared Arts, Languages, Religions, Institu

liar character of these. Animal anil vege- where the civilization of the fairer race has

table productions either differ wholly froin proceeded farthest.” The brown coloured tions, and Commerce of its Inhabitants. those of other courries, or are important tribes are in person short, squat, and roBy John Crawfurd, F.R. S. late Bri- varieties of them. In one quarter, even the bust; their medium height, males about tish Resident at the Court of the Sul principal article of food is such as man no- 5 feet, 2 inches; females, about 4 foot, II tan of Java. Edinburgh and London. where else subsists upon. The productions inches, or nearly four inches below the Eu. 1820. BvQ. 3 vols.

of the ocean are not less remarkable for ropean standard. They are not a well lookThis copious work is so abundant in land." abundance and variety than those of the ing people. The Papua, or woolly. haired

race, is a dwarf African negro. A full useful information, that it will be quite The aboriginal inhabitants are, like those of grown male brought from the mountains of impossible, confined as our limits are, the most southern promontory of Africa, of Queda, was no more than 4 feet, 9 inches to furnish more than a very cursory in- two distinct races; one of a fair, or brown high ; and the author never saw one from sight into its contents. Its general cha- complexion, and the other a negro race any part whose height exceeded 5 feet. racter may, however, be very briefly There are besides many varieties introduced by Their frames are spare and puny; their skins summed up: it is a complete history of • Since Mr. Crawfurd wrote, two savages not the jet black of Africa, but of a sooty that interesting portion of the earth, from the Andaman islands have been brought to colour ; and they are in several physical known by the name of the Indian Archi- Penang, by the crew of a Chinese Junk, who points so strikingly distinguished from the

captured them. When pursued in the water, African Negro, as to be considered a distinct pelago ; and which consists of by far they dived like ducks, and reappeared at a dis- and very inferior variety of the buman spethe largest group of islands on the globe: tance. Their limbs and arms are uncommonly cies. Whenever they are encountered by and it places in one point of view the small; but they are not ill-formed. One is 4 it. the fairer races, they are hunted down like

6 in., the other 4 ft. 7 in. bigh; and the weight the wild animals of the forest, and driven intelligence heretofore to be sought for

of each only 76 lbs. avoirdupois. They have large to the mountains or fastnesses for the only. in Harris's Collection of Voyages, (in- paunches. One is elderly and of ferocious ascluding Stavorinus), Old Purchas, Mar-pect; the other a boy of 17, and of a pleasing safety, they can find.

And their cruel hunters are as weak as co Polo, Dampier, Sonnerat, Linscho- expression of countenance. They appear dul]

“ All the faculties of their ten, Symes, Forrest, Marsden, Hamil and heavy, extremely averse to spenking: when they are cruel.

alone, and they think unobserved, they make a minds are in a state of comparative feebleton, Rattles, and other authors, to noise like the cackling of turkies. Their skins ness; their memories are treacherous and whose stores Mr. Crawfurd has added are jet black, and of an extraordinary glossiness; uncertain ; their imaginations wanton and the fruits of his own observation, during their bodies tattooed all over ; their appetites childish ; and their reason more defective a residence of nine years in the coun- voracious; and they crunch the bones of fowls than the rest, when exerted on any suloject

as dogs would do. In climbing trees they re-above the more vulgar train of thought, comtries of which he gives an account. semble monkeys. They, go quite naked, and monly erroneous and mistaken. No man

Froin the north of the great continent of being much plagued with insects, their first ope- can tell his own age, nor the date of any re-
New Holland, to the southern shores of ration in the morning is, to cover themselves inarkable transaction in the history of his
Africa, this mighty clustering of islands er-
with mud, which drying on, preserves them

tribe or country. If a peasant has been pretends and fills the ocean. În length, the from bites and stings. Their salutations are perwhole chain “ embraces forty degrees of formed by lifting up one leg, and smacking the sent at some remarkable transaction, such longitude close to the line, namely, from lower part of the thigh with their hand. They as a murder or a robbery, and is examined the western extremity of the Island of Su savage nature; and an Andaman (one of a pos bability, is, that he can tell ueither the hour

are altogether in the most deplorable state of ten days after in a court of justice, the promatra, to the parallel of the Araoe Islands, pulation of frota 2 tu 3000) may be ranked per- of the day, nor the day at which such transnot including in this estimate, the greater haps as the lowest human being in the scale of action took place, still less give a clear ac. portion of the immense island of New Guinea, creation. Ed.

count of what happened.”

From the chapter devoted to the descrip-them the manner in which he had murdered | ty to remain on the iace of the land, and let tion of the manners and customs of the In- his good master, and expressed his repent their property of every description be condian Islanders, we shall now proceed to ance and abhorrence of the crime he had fiscated. Should the parents or children of make a few selections, such as seem to pos- committed. This he did with great com- the sorcerer reside in a distant part of the sess the greatest novelty, and to be best cal- posure, yet an instant afterwards he burst country, let then be found out and put to culated to illustrate Mr. Crawfurd's talents out in the bitterest complaints of unfuench- death, and let their property, though conas a historian. For the first characteristic able thirst, and raved for drink, while no cealeil, be sought for and confiscated. feature, however, we are indebted to Stavo- one was allowed to alleviate, by a single When the proper cord is touched, there rinus, whom Mr. C. quotes as having justly drop of water, the excruciating torinents he is hardly any thing too gross for the belief of exemplified the patience and fortitude of the underwent.”

the Indian islanders. Some years ago it was natives. A macassar slave was impaled; and The Indian Islanders are also superstitious; discovered, almost by accident, that the the circumstances of this dreadful execution and the author tells us, that “ It would re- scull of a buffalo was superstitiously conare thus related.

quire a volume to describe all the forins ducted from one part of ihe island to anThe criminal was led, in the morning, under which these weaknesses are displayed. other! The point insisted upon was neto the place of execution, being the grass They believe in dreams, in omens, in for- ver to let il rest, but keep it in constant proplat, which I have before taken notice of, tunate and unfortunate days, in the cast-gressive motion. It was carried in a basket, and laid upon his belly, being held by four ing of nativities, in the gift of supernatural and one person was no sooner relieved from men. The executioner then made a trans- endowments, in invulnerability, in sorcery, the load than it was taken up by another ; for verse incision at the lower part of the body, enchantinents, charms, philtres, and relics. the understanding was, that some dreadful as far as the os sacrum; he then introduced There is not a forest, a mountain, a rock, | imprecation was denounced against the man the sharp point of the spike, which was or a cave, that is not supposed the habita- who should let it rest. In this manner the about six feet long, and made of polished iron, tion of some invisible being, and not content scull was hurried from one province to aninto the wound, so that it passed between with their own stock of these, their compre- other, and after a circulation of many hunthe back bone and the skin. Two men drove hensive faith has admitted those of Western dred miles, at length reached the town of it forcibly up, along the spine, while the ex- India, of Arabia, and of Persia. To lend an Samarang, the Dutch governor of which ecutioner held the end, and gave it a proper implicit belief to all these, characterizes seized it and threw it into the sea, and thus direction, till it came out between the neck alike the high and the low, from the prince the spell was broke. The Javanese expressand shoulders. The lower end was then put to the peasant. These superstitions are ge-ed no resentment, and nothing further was into a wooden post, and rivetted fast; and nerally harmless and inoitensive, but, at heard of this unaccountable transaction. With the sufferer was lifted up, thus impaled, and other times, the delusions to which credu. whom, or where it originated, no man could the post stuck in the ground. At the top of lity exposes these people operate in the tell. In the month of May, 1814, it was the post, about ten Icet from the ground, most dangerous and formidable mauner. Of unexpectedly discovered, that in a remote there was a kind of little bench, upon which the less dangerous forms which it takes, I but populous part of the island of Java, a the body rested. The insensibility or forti- shall give as an example the frequent prac- road was constructed, leading to the top of tude of the miserable sufferer was incredible. tice of professed robbers in Java of throw. the mountain Sumbeng, one of the highest He did not utter the least complaint, except ing a quantity of earth from a newly opened in the island. An enquiry being set on foot, when the spike was rivetted into the pillar; grave into the house they intend to plun- it was discovered that the delusion which the haînınering and shaking occasioned by it der, with an implicit belief in its potency gave rise to the work had its origin in the seemed to be intolerable to him, and he then in Inducing a deadly sleep. Hlaving suc- province of Banyumas, in the territories of bellowed out for pain; and likcwise once ceeded in casting a quantity of this carth the Susunan, that the infection spread to again, when he was lifted up and set in the into the house, and, if possible, into the beds the territory of the Sultan, from whence it ground. He sat in this dreadful situation of the inhabitants, they proceed with con- extended to that of the European power. till death put an end to his torments, which fidence in their plunder. It is not the rob- On examination, a road was found constructfortunately happened the next day, about bers alone that has an entire belief in the effi- ed twenty feet broad, and from fifty to sixty three o'clock in the afternoon. He owerd cacy of this practice; the conviction is miles in extent, wonderfully, smooth and this speedy termination of his misery to a equally strong on the minds of those who well made. One point which appears to light shower of rain, which continued for are the objects of his deprcılations. Quan- have been considered necessary was, that the about an hour, and he gave up the ghost tities of the earth, carefully preserved in road should not cross rivers, the consehalf an hour afterwards. There have been cases, have been repeatedly brought to me quence of which was, that it winderd in a instances, at Batavia, of criminals who have in the course of my official duties, found on thousand ways, that the principle might not been impaled in the dry season, and have re the persons of robbers, who did not fail, be infringed." Another point as peremptorily mained alive for eight, or more days, with when interrogated, to be very explicit in insisted upon was, that the straight course out any food or drink, which is prevented to their accounts of its effects. The baleful ef- of the road should not be interrupted by any be giren them by a guard who is stationed fects of superstition on the minds of an ig: regard to private rights ; ayd in consequence at the place of execution, for that purpose. porant and untutored people, is exemplified trees and houses were overturned to make One of the surgeons of the city assured me, in the laws against sorcery, found in the an- way for it. The population of whole disthat none of the parts immediately necessary cient code of Java, which is in force at this tricts, occasionally to the amount of tive and to life are injured by impalement, which lay in Bali. The following is an example: six thousand labourers, were employed on inakes the punishment the more cruel and If a person write the name of anoiher the road, and among a people disinclined to intolerable ; but that, as soon as any water on a shroud, or on a bier, or on an image active exertion, the laborious work was neargets into the wound, it mortifies, and occa- of paste, or on a leaf which he buries, susly completed in two months ; such was the sions a gangrene, which directly attacks the pends from a tree, places in haunted ground, effect of the temporary enthusiasm with more noble parts, and brings on death al- or where two roads

cross each other, this is which they were inspired. It appeared in the inost inmediately. This miserable sufferer sorcery. If a man write the name of ano. sequel, that a bare report had set the whole continually complained of unsufferable thirst, ther on a scull, or other bone, with a mix- work in anotion. An old woman had dreamt, which is peculiarly incident to this terrible ture of blood and charcoal, and places the or pretended to have dreamt, that a divine punishment. The criminals are exposed, same at his threshold in water, this also is personage was about to descend from heaven during the whole day, to the burning rays sorcery. Whatever man does so, shall be on the mountain Sumbeng. Piety suggested of the sun, and are unceasingly tormented put to death by the magistrate. If the mat- the propriety of constructing a road to faciliby numerous stinging insects.

ter be very clear, let the punishment of death tate his descent, and divine vengeance, it “ I went to see him again, about three be extended to his parents, to his children, was rumoured, would pursue the sacrilegious hours before he died, and found him con- and to his grand children. Let no one es person who refused to join in the meritorious versing with the bystanders. He related to cape. Permit no one related to one so guil- labour. These reports quickly wrought on

the fears and ignorance of the people, and ground. When he advances and retires, he the other to destroy. One bids magnificent they heartily joined in the enterprise. The moves as if on all fours, and crawls orkeeps edifices rise “ like exhalations" from the. old woman distributed slips of palm leaves rather than walks. There is one inode of de- earth, to delight the eye with the beauty. of to the labourers, with magic letters written monstrating affection and respect, particu- their proportions, and the mind with anticiupon them, which were charins to secure larly nauseous and indelicate. "It consists in pations of the commercial, the charitable, them against wounds and sickness. When the superior's offering to the inferior the or the hospitable purposes for which they this strange affair was discovered by the na- chewed refuse of the betel and areca prepa- may be intended. The other félls venerable tive authorities, orders were given to desist ration, as a mark of great affection, which trees to the ground, and robs the face of the from the work, and the inhabitants returned the latter swallows with much satisfaction." country of its greatest ornament, in deprivwithout murmur to their wonted occupa It may be new to many to learn of what | ing it of the thick and varied foliage which tions. It seldom, however, happens in Ja- this complimentary mouthful consists. The at once affords shelter to the birds, and shade va that these wide-spread delusions terminate chew is made up of the pungent and aro- to the cattle and the traveller ; whilst the so happily as in the instances which I have matic leaf of a species of pepper vine, which hearts of those who have associated the requoted. They are much more frequently ac- grows luxuriantly, and with little care; a inembrance of the spreading branches with companied by formidable insurrections, and small quantity of terra japonica, an agreeable every recollection of their youth, are made take place in times of anarchy, or when a bitter astringent; a minute proportion of sad by seeing them laid prostrate at the province is goaded to resistance by excessive quieklime ; and, above all, the fruit of the command of a dupe, to reward the strataextortion, or other form of mal-government. areca palm, which, in one or two of the gems of a knave. He who builds confers a When a province is in this unfortunate situ- languages, we find distinguished by the name benefit on posterity. He who games too ation, the most contemptible pretender will of the fruit.' This last is gently narcotic, often affronts the memories of those who have a crowd of followers; anid one of any and hence, no doubt, the charm which ren- have preceded him, by gradually partin g talents will be sure to head a formidable re- ders the whole preparation so bewitching to with all that they had delighted themselves volt. Hence the crowd of pretenders under those who use it. Persons of all ranks, from in amassing for his enjoyment. He who the name of K'raman, that in all ages have the prince to the peasant, are unceasingly builds, however ruinous the pursuit may be disturbed the peace of Java.* Hardly a year masticating it, and seem to derive a solace to himself in the end, employs hundreds of passes that some vagabond does not declare from it which we can scarce understand, and industrious persons in the course of it ; himself a king, a saint, or a prophet, pro- which they cannot explain. When the pre- and at least leaves a memento behind him, claiming his intention of redressing some paration, through mastication, is mixed with that his fortune was not exhausted by low carthly grievance, or pointing out some new the saliva, the latter assumes a dirty brownish or vicious pursuits. He who games, on the road to heaven. Some of those impostors red, which colours the teeth, gums, and lips, contrary, at every throw of the dice injures

the length of preaching a new religion, leaving, as it dries upon the latter, a black- the imiocent and the helpless ; and when he whilst, others content themselvos with de- coloured margin. These nauseous particu- finds himself and those who may unhappily claring their lineal descent froin some populars are, to the surprise of strangers, consi- be connected with him reduced to beggary, lar monarch of ancient Javan story.' dered a beauty, such is the effect of custom. through his wretched infatuation, he cannot

Like other Orientalists, their ceremonies No mouth is thought handsome that is not even ascertain who has gained the property and domestic usages are widely different from engaged in chewing the betel, and in their which he knows only that he has lost, and lost those which Europeans are accustomed to poetry a lover is often described comparing for ever. I need not, however, undertake look upon as essentially polite and correct, that of his mistress to the fissure in a ripe the defence of building, for any partiality in their external demeanour. With them, pomegranate ; the aptness of tlie simile con- I entertain towards it myself ; on the confor example, " it is respectful to cover the sisting in the comparison of the staine 1 teeth trary, the aversion I have for it, in all its head, instead of uncovering it as among us. to the red grains of the fruit, and of the black branches, even its minor departments of It is respectful to sit instead of standing. It stain on the lips, to the hue which the broken “repairing and beautifying," as the churchis the very highest degree of respect to turn and astringent rind assumes on exposure to wardens term it, is such as to have lately one's back upon a superior, and often pre- the air.

reduced me to the necessity of looking for sumption to confront him. It is the custom

(To be continued.)

lodgings, until sundry operations shonla be to sit cross-legged and on the ground. When

performed in my own habitation, which I an inferior addresses a superior, his obeisance The Hermit in London ; or Sketches of have deferred so long, that I began to be consists in raising his hands, with the palms English Manners. Vols, 4 and 5. afraid of literally fulfilling the proverb of joined before his face, until the thumbs touch the nose. This he repeats at the end

London, 1820. 12mo.

* pulling an old house about my ears." To

remain under the saine roof with a host of of every sentence, and if very courtly, at

No publication can have less to say bricklayers, plasterers, white-washers, paintthe conclusion even of each clanse. When of this work than the Literary Gazette, ers, paper-hangers, plumbers, glaziers, carcquals meet, their salutation is cold and dis- in which so many of these popular Es- penters, smiths, and all the rest of the nutant, but in the ordinary intercourse of life, a says originally appeared. We shall merous tribe which modern refinements relative superiority or inferiority of condition

render necessary personages in the conis usually confessed, and a demonstration of merely state that these two volumes are it constantly takes place. If a son has been of a character similar to the three which structing or repairing of a dwelling, would

be disagreeable to most men; to a hermit, long absent from his father, he throws him- preceded them, and that they complete like myself, impossible. — I had only, thereself at his feet and kisses them. A demon- the Hermit in London. We subjoin fore, to ehuse between two evils -to stration of affection, less profound, would ex- one of the papers as a remembrancer go to an hotel, or to take a furnished lodgtend the embrace only to the knee; but a of their nature; and have only to add ing. “At an hotel one has perfect liberty," very obsequious courtier will sotnetiines take that the writer

is in the press with the said I to myself="aye and great comfort his monarch's foot and place it on his head. Hermit in the Country, from which we too but then it is comfort that must be The association between loftiness and humi, shall present our readers with several paid for--and enormously; one has not the

liberty of keeping one's purse in one's inferiority, appears to be constantly present selections in our ensuing Numbers,

| pocket--and every time the waiter call ont to their minds. An inferior never stands up


so briskly," coming, Sir," he reminds me right liefore a superior. If he stand at all, A love of building has been reckoned by that my money is going. Shenstone has the body is always bent; if he sit, it is the some persons, as ruinous a passion as a love describe the pleasure of being at an inn, same thing, and his eyes are fixed to the of gaming ; yet there can scarcely be inclina- but he says not a word of the disagreeables

tions of a more opposite description, at least, attendant on leaving it—therefore as I canKraman is a word of the Javanese language, as far as the principles of each are concern- not expect to share in one without a due meaning “ rebel."

ed. It is the province of one to create, of proportion of the other, I inust content my

self with the more moderate accommodation to be done for?”. Now all these are dis- provided-for females, or unmeriter unfortuof ready furnished lodgings. But how many agreeable queries, because they often remind nates, derive benefit from this resource? pros and cons are to be considered, in enter a man of what he fain would forget; namely, How many wives of men of talent and genius, ing upon this kind of uncertain home! The of his inisfortune if he be single, and per- struggling to establish the fame they well situation ; the air ; the neighbourhood; the haps of his wife, if he be in the holy banns deserve, cheerfully endeavour to assist their outside of the house ; the inside; the furni- of wedlock, but separated by fate, by mis- husbands by this means, during the season ture ; the landlady, generally a weighty con- conduct, or by narrowed circumstances; and of obscurity and hardship? Such characters sideration; and last, though seldom least, the having an establishment or not, is ano- know how to act towards the inmate of their the terms. Innumerable are the fears and ther question of uncomfortable tendency: roof; can feel for his wants, take an interest doubts on taking a lodging: Does the house for it may either remind a man of heavy in his welfare, and respect his situation whesmoke? Nerer, but for the first time. Is charges and tradesmen's lengthened bills, or ther retired, studious, siek or solitary. Can the 'family quiet and orderly? Are there cost him a blush for his want of fortune ; a true gentleman, then, be too delicate tofellow lodgers in this modern ark? (for a and lastly, the being done for has such an wards such as these, too correct in payment, man on ship-board and in a lodgiug house equivocal sound, that it might puzzle a con- too nice in blending good breeding with his are alike, in being fixed, for a part of their juror to solve the meaning in a moment. conduct in every respect ? short passage through life, with companions). In answer to these kind inquiries, I stated The man who makes an inn of the humWhat sort of a woman is the landlady likely my solitary lot in the world, and begged to ble roof of genteel poverty, is an ignorant to be? If boisterous, a man wishes to endure ask, in return, if the good lady was inarried ruffian. Nay, indeed, I could never enter an the gale as short a time as possible: if talk- herself: since she came to that. Whether inn without a feeling of interest for my fellow ative, she is the bore of his studies and re- I might expect matrimonial concerts of vo men there : and it good treatment and fair flections. Yet there is a degree of humanity cal performance ? and whether she could af- charges accompanied my fare, I considered as well as complaisance in enduring garru- ford me the attendance which I required ? that I owed a subordinate debt of gratitude lity, when it has kindness or attention for its She smiled at these counter-questions : to the landlord, for the remote species of inain object. Is she curious (she generally which proved that she was not an unmarried hospitality named civil and kindly accommois)? that becomes troublesome always, and person ; because she then would have dation. A fellow traveller once asked a sometimes dangerous. Is she handsome thought it necessary to blush, or to hang surly eynic, whether he did not observe that Ştill more dangerous. Very ugly? That's down her head, or to look archly, or to play the inn-keeper at whose house they had restdisgusting. A large family? Very hostile with the ring finger. Neither was she a ed had a remarkably open countenance? The to a thinking man. A scold? One must widow: for then bon gré or malgré, she latter replied, that he observed nothing open move in a week. Has she a drunken hus- wonld have sighed, and looked as interesting in the house, except an open door and open band ? or does she herself, in the decline of as she could. Nor had she a bad husband hands. One who could thus close bis heart life, discover that Cupid is a treacherous and else would she have looked grave, and pro- and his accounts with his fellow-creatures, mischievous urchin, and therefore turn to bably have begun a chapter of grievances. should travel through life alone. To the Bacchus for support or consolation ? Is she She replied, that she was married, that she child of sensibility there is no class, no situover religious, so as to sing psalms aloud ? had a small family, and that her husband was ation, no abode, which excludes the moveIf so, she probably is a hypocrite. But the struggling with the world, and opposing in- ments of the heart, which forbids kindly inqueries are endless. And now, conceive dustry to hard times. I immediately felt tercourse, or prevents his sympathies from that I am knocking at the door. “Lodg- an interest in their mutual welfare, and paid coming into action, whether in a lodging, an ings to let" appears in a clerk-like hand. with tenfold pleasure the stipulated price of inn, a stage-coach, or a passage-boat : for Tant pis ! a fellow of the law perhaps ! one my apartments.

the journey is always that of life ; man is who charges legally for every thing: a bro A man may proudly enter an inn, com our companion, humanity the first and the ken down attorney. But the door opened. mand about him, treat all with indifference, most pleasurable duty: I, at least, may eu.

There was also a bell.“ Well,” said I to from mine host, or fat hostess, dowu to the logize such feelings ; for it is owing to them myself, “ if this knock and ring' announce flippant waiter and John thé ostler. He that though some might deem me solitary in an office, 1 perch not here; or if this is may be so absent or self-important, as not to the world, I have never yet found myself Miss Winter's bell, I will have nothing to know the inan of the house from boots, or alone-although I style myself the do with the concern ; and if it be a dancing boots from the bull dog : but in a lodging,

HERMIT IN LONDON. master's, a tooth-drawer's, an accoucheur's, it is otherwise. The objects are fewer; they or a musician's bell, I must also shift my are more immediately proxiinate ; they as- A Catalogue of the Pictures of Grasvenor birth, else may I be fiddled, diddled, drum- sume a more important form. The rattling

House, London; with Etchings from the med, trumpeted or disturbed out of my wits.” of the fresh post-horses, the mail horn, or

whole Collection, accompanied by Hista. But now to my landlady. She was a Dolly the chamber-maid, does not perpetu

rical Notices of the principal Works. By plump woman with a fine healthy complex ally ring in your ears, so as to make you

John Young, Engraver in Mezzotinto to ion. Not a votary of Bacchus, thought I, wish to be ott, giving you at the same time his Majesty, aud Keeper of the British Infrom this clear tint. She had in her coun- an inimical feeling towards the maker-out

stitution.---London, 1820. 4to. pp. 48, tenance nothing sharp, which always augurs of the bill. There one coup de chapeau at Of the splendid collection of pictures at ill. A man upay then expect to be fleeced, parting does for host, hostess, family, and Grosvenor House, this publicatión conveys directly or indirectly, directly by an exorbi. all the tribe of charges ; but in a lodging, an adequate and excellent idea. Without tant price, or indirectly by the never-ending you may have to pass your landlady daily on being made out with vain minuteness, the outlay for necessary trifles, most of which he the stairs, and bows and inclinations of cour-ctuhings are spirited, and sufficiently detailneither wants nor are they gotten for him. tesy may be exchanged very frequently in ed for all the purposes for which they are Neither had she a saucy cocked-up nose : the course of cach week between you , so intended. They give a perfect conception of for this a inan always pays through the nose, that a man must be void of all sensibility, if the treasures which the noble Earl possesses either in money or comfort; and may expect he be wholly uninterested about the family from the easels of the greatest masters, a volley of sharp shot in the way of reproach, in which he lodges.

whose various qualities are here very hapif he submit not to the lady's humour, be it The cominon race of lodging-letters, it is pily rendered by the graver, so that a just what it will. She had a warm smile, a sun- true; are guided by self-interest, and are and accurate notion may be formed of their bright eye, and something of benevolence, callous to delicacy and scrupulous feeling styles and subjects. which made all bargaining impossible. towards their lodger : but yet there are The basis of Lord Grosvenor's Gallery was

After mildly showing the apartments, she many exceptions to the rule. How many laid by the late Earl, who purchased some of asked me those unwelcome questions are widows of clergymen, of officers of the army the best works in Lord Waldegrave and Sir you a married gentleman, or single? a fa- and navy-how many reduced gentlewomen Luke Schaub's collections; to which he added mily or not? an establishment, or are you are forced to let lodgings? How many half- a good many capital pictures from Italy, as



well as several of the finest productions of nocent daughter of a widowed clergyman, Where rays of living light snrround English artists, such as Wilson, West, forms the fondest attachment to De Morton, Thy sacred fane, with laurels crowned, Gainsborough, Stubbs, Northcote, Hogarth, whose life is saved on the coast near their And gushes with melodious flow lloppner, &c. The present Lord has still happy dwelling. He desires a secret union,

Thy fountain, from its source below. further enriched it with valuable specimens of in order to avert the resentinent of an uncle I may not look with eagle gaze the Italian, Dutch, and Flemish Schools ; on whom he is dependant; but the worthy Unshrinking on those living rays; with the principal portion of the late Lord priest not only refuses his assent to this act,

I may not soar on cagle's wing, Lansdowne's paintings; the whole of those but, censuring De Morton for gaining the

To drink of that celestial spring ; belonging to Mr. Agar, and many chefs atfections of his child, when aware of the

Resery'd for bolder hands ihan mine

The amaranthine flowers to twinc. d'ourre from different countries, including existence of this obstacle to their inarriage,

That on its borders glow; Murillo's, Rubens', Titian's, &c. of alınost he prohibits further intercourse till it is re

But strays there from that sacred source, unequalled merit.

moved. The lover, after a long absence, No wand'ring rill, with silver course The Rubens' are the most novel, and returns under the covert of night, and suc That seeks the vale below? not the least admirable ornaments to this ceeds in persuading Ellen to elope with him. Where pensile willows, on the brink splendid collection. No. 60 in the Catalogue A fictitious ceremony is performed; she Of its pure crystal stoop to drink, is the Meeting of Abraham and Melchisedec, bears a child, and is descrted by the ruffian, And the low violet's perfume one of a series of six pictures, painted by who has aggravated his guilt by withholding Betrays where lurks her purple bloom. that glorious artist, by order of Philip IV. all her applications to her father for forgive There might I haunt ; enough for me of Spain, and presented by the monarch to Ellen endures the inost poignant Far off, the laurell’d mount to see, Olivares, for lis newly-built convent at Loe- misery, but at length resolves to seek her To breathe with deep inhaling sense ches. The Duc d'Alva succeeded to these once-blessed home, and consign her baby to The floating odours wafted thence, pictures by inheritance ; and when the her parent's care before she expires. Her

To catch the distant melody French took possession of Madrid in 1808, toilsome journey, and the melancholy catas

Of golden harps, resounding high

There might 1 haunt, and haply there he sold four of them to M. de Bourke, the trophe of its close, are very touchingly paint

Of wild flowers, weave a chaplet fair, Danish Minister, from whose hands they ed : she finds her father dead, and gives up

Such as the virgin brow of Taste passed into the hands of Lord Grosvenor the ghost upon his recent grave.

Might wear, by artless Feeling placed; about two years ago. The other two found Before coming to those extracts by which

Oh! might I to such meed aspire, their way to the Louvre, where they now we mean to sustain our opinion of this tale Blest were thy strains, my simple lyre !

No. 60 is on canvas, and of the large of domestic woc, we inay briefly observe, Companion of my childhood thou, size of 14 feet 4 inches high, 19 feet wide. that the villany of De Morton is extravagant, Friend of my happy youth ; and now No. 68 is another of the series, 14 feet by and we trust, too, more demoniacal than is Kind soother of the days, o'ercast 141 feet, and the subject, the Evangelists. consistent with nature. The abandonment With sad remembrance of the past. The others are the Fathers of the Church, of his victim is an event perhaps only too

But should the world's approving smile PopeGregory, St. Jerome, &c. of the same probable ; but why he should take means to

(Reserved for happier minstrel's toil) size; and (we imagine) the Israelites gather- exclude her and the infant from all chance

Withhold its sunny light from thee,

Submissive to the stern decree, ing Manna, which is 16 feet high and 13 feet of paternal mercy, is hardly to be accounted

We'll hush the unsuccessful strain, 7 wide. for even on principles of excessive hunan

And scek our silent shades again. The Meeting of Jabob and Laban, by Mu- depravity. In point of versification, a too

Cold is the fondly partial enr rillo, and one of his masterpieces, is another frequent recurrence of the same cominon That would have listened to my lay; of the works which the late war in Spain dis-place rhymes and epithets ; a few tame lines, And closed the eyes, whose suffrage dear perserl. It belonged to the Santiago family, and mean phrases ; and occasional


Had smiled the world's cold looks away. and was seized by General Sebastiani, as tical oversights, are the most prominent de But still in solitude and shade part of the contributions levied by the rol- fects. In the management of metaphor, the Be thy low sounds, my lyre! essayed; bers under his command.

author is rarely successful. It is in No longer with presumptuous aim, But it would lead us too far were ne to landscape, and in the delineation of tender

One kindly fost'ring glance to claim,

But that on life's dark lonely stream, attempt to particularize the chief pictures in feminine feeling and distress, that her power

Thou still wilt shed a cheering gleam, this superb collection, of which Mr. Young and excellence lie. She is also original ; for

Smoothe its dark passage to the deep, has etched one hundred and forty-three. Suf- though there are passages which betray an

And lull me to my latest sleep. fice it to repeat, that the catalogue is exactly intimacy with Thomson, Goldsınith, Scott, what an artist or a inan of taste wonld wish, Rogers, and Tighe, they are new developed the good Pastor, desolate in his old age, and

The poem commences with a picture of cither to refresh his recollection if he has ments rather than reminiscences, seen the originals, or to furnish him, if he has produce of a mind enriched by judicious then reverts to the chain of incidents by not, with the means of conceiving their merits. reading, rather than the servile labour of which he was deprived of his sole earthly partial imitation.

comfort. The foriner contains these pazEllen Fitsarthur : A metrical Tale, in of our inentioning the faults of her perform. One tie, the purest and the best,

We know not what the author may think sages.

One earthly love he still confest, five Cantos, London, 1820. pp. 134. auce ; but we can assure her, that did we not That bound a widowed father's care

We observe from a passage in this poem, greatly admire the talent she has displayed, To one sweet blossom, frail and fair that it is the production of a female; and, we should not have taken the trouble of She whose young life's first clouded ray gather further, that it is a first essay: its pointing them out. They are but the errors Beamed on a dark and troubled day, heauty, its purity of sentiment, its merits of carelessness in some, and of the want of The guiltless messenger of death, in descriptive poetry, and its pathos, would practice in correctly critical composition in Bequeathed with love's expiring breath-do honour to any masculine, or a inore ex. other instances; but her fine vein of poetic She who in smiling infancy perienced pen. It affords us much pleasure imagination, and her genuine pathos, of which Had clasped his neck, and climbed his knee, to notice it in terins of such high commen 've shall now subjoin several deeply affect- Whose first imperfect words, dispelling dation ; but we are confident that its popular ing examples, would redeem a hundred fold The silence of bis widowed dwelling, impression will be even stronger than we greater blemishes than those on which we That vibrates to that sound alone. rate it at; for its nature and feeling will have animadverted. force a passage to every heart, while the

A tasteful introduction claims a modest When first those lisping accents tried

Oh, moment of parental pride! slight bleinishes offensive to critical taste, place on the biforked hill for the fair writer. The purest hymn, which earth can raise, will escape the severity of censure, if not le quote it entirely.

An infant's, to its Maker's praise. the accuracy of (letection.

Parnassus ! to thy heights sublime,

Sweet was the task her steps to guide, The story is very simple :-Ellen, the in. Thy awful steep, I inay not climb

When first they totter'd by his side,

« AnteriorContinuar »