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hind, seized her isy the legs, and threw her another and a still greater combat took place voluntarily made public atonement for it m duirn likewise, and then they pulled cach ther?, on occasion of the return of Captain his own church; and afterwards conducted other about on the ground. The men dià not Gipakeiu, who was a friend and ally of Cap- himself in an exemplary manner. When it degradle themselves so far as to strike the tain June.
was proposed to the king to punish him sewomen of the opposite party, but only pushed then with the ends of their poies, or
This is but the first part of the ance to me to convince him, than to punish
verely, he answered. It is of more importkicked them on the side, so that they rolled prince's work, which is, it seems, to lin.' over anil over. The lamentations and howl follow the modern fashion of publishing The opposite example is displayed when ings of the women anil children likewise re- periodically ; but it is satisfactory to Napoleon, whose detestation of, and tyranny sounderl froin the neighbouring huts, anů learn, that only one other volume is over the Dutch, his brother so completely licightened the effect of this most singular expected.
exposes in every page, chose, without sayIn this manner the combat continuerl fur
By ornithologists in particulnr, it will ing a word to him on the oubject, to make about an hour; when all appeared weary, be esteemed :w contributing largely to his sou the “ Prince Royal of Lolland,” the about an hour; when all appearl weary, extend the bounds of natural history. Louis wrote to the legislative body, announc
grand duke of Berg. In the letter which gome of ihe savages showed their courage and persererance, by walking about among To common readers, however, it does ing this transaction, he says, “The nation the others, uttering their tones of defiance. not offer more attraction than our ex- will see also in this un incontestable proof Captain Jeparack, as the principal person tracts promise ; and the plates are but of the good disposition of my brother and of of the offended party, held out to the last; indifferently executed.
France torrards this country; and it ought all seemeil fatiguel and cxhansted], when he,
to impose silence on the discourses and canot yet disposed to make peace, continned
bals of the intriguing and the superficial.” to sing his treinnlous song, and encouraged
LOUN RUONAPARTE'S HOLLAND.
After all he has told 113 hiinself of the evil his people to renow the combat, till we went
(Third anı last Notice.)
disposition of his brother and France, these up to lm, ciapped him on the shoulder, and The third volume of this work takes up words evince a apirit of hypocrisy, more tók híin that he was a valiant Swarrior, but the history of Louis's government in 1809: congenial to the mystifying mancuvres of St. t! at it was now time to make peace; upon the new criminal code, a system of weights Cloud, than the declared obvious policy of which he at length suddenly quitied the field, and measures, and al-counts of furious in- Amsterdam. While thus disingenuously actani went over to the Quartel. Captuin June un-lations in the “ amphibions nation," af- ing the king, we may show how the father had not shrun so much energy ; being an ford nothing to tempt is into quotation, felt
. The historian adds, “Two things in old man, he had taken no part in the counbal, though their Watterstalt is a subject of in- this act could not however fail to hurt him but constantly remained in the brak-gronine. finite importance to our Dutch neighbours. more than the preceding consideration. The
All of us then left the field of battle, which In attending to the war in Spain Louis first was, the not having been previously adwas covered with car-plugs and broken poles, displays great ignorance of the events which rised of arrangements so essentially in, and returned to the Quartel; where we found took place in that country; and, while in re- teresting to his son, and the being informed var old acquaintance Jukcrācke, Medeann, lating his own acts, there are some which of the cession by a simple letter. The seAlló, and others, sadly covered with bruises ; do hiin credit, there are others which show cond, and the most painful of the considebut they showed to what a degree man can how much wanting he was in sincerity and rations to which it gave rise, was to find, harden himself, for none of them paid any honour to his subjects. We select for ex- that his son was separated from him for ever, regard to his swollen limbs ; but they sat or tract an instance of cach.
and he deprived of his in lisputable right of lay down on their open wounds, and ate with A day of prayer and fasting was appoint- having him under his guidance and proteca hearty appetite the four which the com- el: on which occasion “ the new minister of tion, without his consent, and even without mandant gave them. The bows and arrows Vilpen, a village situate a few leagues from being consulted. He did not give vent howof all these savages had stood, daring the the capital in North Holland, indulged him- ever to the resentment arising froin his afwhole combat, leaning against the neigh- self in a sally of the inost violent nature. fection.". bouring trees, without their touching them; This village and its vicinity were inhabited A notion of the minuteness into which but it is said sometinies to have hap- by a great number of the principal persons Louis carried the science of legislating, pened, on similar occasions, that they have of the capital, inost of whom were attached which indeed seems to have been a family thrown aside the poles, and taken to their to the court. General indignation was ex: characteristic, will be given by the following. arms, for which reason the Portuguese do cited, and many of the audience did not fail “ The king (in one of his progresses) not much like to have such combats in their to express it. Some called for the punish- remarked with pain and surprise, that neighbourhood. It was not till some time ment of the anthor of a discourse as calum- many of the country-women, instead of afterwards that I heard the cause of the com- nious as malignant, and so little consistent bringing up their infants on their first and bat, of which we bad heen spectators. Cap. with the purpose the government had in natural food, gave them cow's milk and tain June, with his people, had been hunt. view, in ordering a day of fasting and prayer. pap; and enjoined the ministers of reliing on the south bauk of the river, in the The pastor was sent for by the ministers both gion, to use all their efforts to remove this grounds of Jeparack, aud killed some wild of the police and of the interior. The King abuse. He interroguted inany of the Zeaswine. This was considered by the latter as was desirous of seeing him. lIc was a very land women respecting this custom; and a great insult; for the Botocudos always ob- young man, and appeared not without agi- perceived with astonishment that it was beserve, more or less strictly, the boundaries tation. He deserved severe punishment; and come a system among a people, whose women of a certain hunting-district, heyond which the king was requested to inflict it on him, are almost without exception excellent mothey are in general careful not to trespass: to make him an example to such as might thers and faithful wives. The magistrates avowsuch offences are the usual occasions of their be tempted to imitate his conduct : but the ed the inutility of their endeavours to alter this quarrels and wars. Only one combat simi, king would do it only in his own way. He practice. The women of Zealand are aclar to that here described had ever occurred received him coldly, but politely; deinand customed to wear a sort of half-veil of very before near the Quartel dos Arcos, and it was er of him an account of the whole; caused all fine linen, which falls over the back part of therefore a peculiarly lucky accident, that the expressions the pastor had used to be re- the head and the temples, but does not deafforded me the view of this spectacle during peated; then painted to himn his own situa- scend lower upon the face than the forehead, my short stay at this place. It is very rarely tion and that of the kingdoin ; and obliged where it is fixed by a slip of gold, which that travellers witness such a scene, which him to confess, that he had been as cruel the married women wear on one side of the is however so important to those who would as unjust in blaming the government. The forehead, and the unmarried on the other. obtain a thorough knowledge of the savages, young man was convinced of his injustice, Without infringing on this custom, the king and their character. Not long after my de- promised to alter his conduct completely, ordered, that those women who suckled parture from the Quartel, as I was inforined, and they parted good friends. In fact, he their infants should alone be permitted to
wear a complete circle of gold on the fore-I ing made to the senate on the 16th of Decere reconciliation : ho prefered Saxony to head; and that three rich ornarnents of this ceinber. This deinand was immediately pre- both the others; but Austria to Russia, on kiod should be distributed annually to the ceded* by so many feasts, balls, and amuse- account of similarity of religion. In this thrue mothers who should have suckled the inents, that they inight lin ve been supposed council the King of Naples argued strongly greatest number of infants."
the accompaniments of a general pracė, ra- for Russia to the disadvantage of Anstria; At the conclusion of the last Austrian ther than of a painful and affecting transac- which the Einperor, in answering him, pawar, Louis found it expedient to visit his tion. Be it as it may, the Empress Jose- negyrized with a warmth, eloquence, and haughty brother at Paris. The shifts and phine gave her consent to it, as did her success, that not only disclosed his sentiprecautions to which he had recourse, sin- children. The king, who had affairs enough ments and partiality for that house, but asgularly display the posture of affairs. on his own hands, and had at first refused tonished the assembly extremely."
“ He was afraid, that, during his stay in his consent, yielded to these last considera In April our shadow of a king was perLaris his name would be employed aguinst tions. He was required to be present at the mitted to return to Amsterdam, where he his will
, to authorize inany things in Hol- ceremony. He was present likewise at the lived, " watched by secret agents, ready to land: that such acts, as the Emperor might farewell festival, as it inight be called, given poison every word.” In Napoleon's letters think proper, would be printed in the French the Empress Josephine by the city of Paris ; at this period, are many memorable passages. papers, while he
was deprived of all and at the ceremony of the 1st of January. He tells Louispower of disavowing them: and under this These were the only timncs of his appearing in " When you conduct yourself so as to idea he had settled with his ministers, that public during five months stay at Paris.” persuade the Dutch, that you act ngreeably every act or paper whatever, not ending In point of fact he was a state prisoner ; Po my suggestions ; that all your proceedwith some Dutch words, or with the device and the narrative proceeds :
ings, all your sentiments accoru with inine : of the order, Doe well enzie niet om, should “ As soon as the king found the turn you will he esteemed and beloved, and will be considered as a nullity. It was for this which affairs took, he inade attempts to es acquire the stability necessary to restore reason also, that he gave orilers to the com- cape: but measures to prevent it were too Holland. This illusion still supports you a inanders of the fortresses of Brabant, not to well devised, as he was convinced in the dif- little. The journey you look to Paris, your almit any troops without an order written ferent excursions he made with this design at return, and the Queen's, and other motives and signed by his own hand. His aim was St. Leu. His house was guardel, and the founded in reason, make your people think, to render all diplomatic falsehood or trea- guard made its report every day to the grand it is still possible for you, to revert to my chery impossible.”
inarshal of the palace: he was watched inost system, and any way of thinking: but you It is quite ludicrous to contemplate a mo- strictly; he was made a prisoner. At first alone can confirm these hopes, and eradicate narch of very limnited power pretending to he merely suspected it ; but he soon obtain- even the least doubt of them. There is not resist the strong hand which raised him, and ed certainty on this point, though he affected one of your actions, which your fat Dutchto play the Independent where there was not to perecive it. He consented to go and men do not weigh, as they would an affair not a chance of success. Buonaparte cared reside at Trianon : but it was not long before of credit or commerce : they know therefore not a straw for these struggles ; in his speech he returned froin it abruptly. At the mo- on what to depend. When being a friend at opening, the legislative assembly, to ment when he was expecting the fulfilment of France and of me shall entitle a man to which Louis was not invited, he said, of the promiscs ma le hit, at the moment be your bosom friend, all Holland will per: “ Holland is in reality only a part of France. when the projected inarriage of the Emperor ceive it, all Holland will breathe freely, all This country may be defined by saying, that gave reason to hope for a change of system Holland will find itself in a natural situation. it is the alluvion of the Rhine, the Meuse, and conduct with regard to him, the mea. This depends on yourself alonc. and the Scheldt, that is, of the great arte- sure of injustice and ill usage was heaped “Do you think, that the letter you caused ries of the empire. The nullity of its cus- up. He did not despair however of finding to be written to Mollerus, and the assurances tom houses, the dispositions of its agents, and means to escape.”
you gave himn of your affection, at the time the spirit of its inhabitants, which inces In the end Holland was united to France, when you displaced him, will give you any santly inclines to a fraudulent trade with Eng- and the poor fly in the spider's web at Paris consequence in the country?
Undeceive land, make it a duty to prohibit trade on the was cajoled, tortured, and persecuted in the yourself: every body knows, that without Rhine and the Weser. Thus crushed be- most infamous manner.
inc there is no safety, without me there is tween France and England, Holland is de On the subject of Buonaparte's own inar no credit, without me you are nothing. If prived both of the advantages repugnant to riage, it is interesting to read his brother's then the example you had before your eyes our general system, which it must renounce, statement. He says,
at Paris ; if the knowledge of my character, and of those it might enjoy. It is time, that “ The Einperor had inclined at first to an which is to march straight to my object, all this should return to its natural order." alliance with Russia ; but the latter refused without being stopped by any consideration,
“ The astonishment and indignation of the it, after having almost giren a promise. have not altered you, have not opened your king, when he heard this passage, may easily The Emperor then caused Austria and Sax- eycs, what would you have me to do?” be conceived. He was then sensible of the ony to be bounded, and the answers were
* You yourself break your own sceptre. great fault he had committed by this cursed favourable. The Emperor decided at once Be assured, no person is deceived. Would journey ; and how difficult it would be for for the former house, for which he always you be in the path of sound policy? Love him, not to say impossible, to escape the had a kind of respect and regard, sentiments France, seek my glory: this is the only way snares laid for him. As Louis and Horten- that displayed themselves in spite of himself
, to serve the King of Holland.”. sia had lived almost always separate since even in his hostile proceedings towards it. “ Do you know why you were the hartheir marriage, except three short periods of Though decided, the Emperor held a privy bour of Holland ? It is because you were a few months, they each demanded of the council on the choice of an empress. Prince the scal of an eternal compact with France, family council a separation, presently after Talleyrand, Prince Eugene, the Duke of the bond of a community of interests with Louis arrived at Paris. But after a meeting Bassano, and the Duke of Vicenza, were
me: and Holland, become through you a part of the family council was granted, the se- for Austria : the King of Naples, the minis- of my, empire, was dear to me as a province, paration was refused, though it had long ex ter Fouché, and Cambacères, for Russia : because I had given it a prince,' whom Í isted in point of fact.
Prince le Brun, Cardinal Fesch, the Duke looked upon almost as a son. Had you been " He was informed of the refusal of the de Feltre, and the King of Holland, for what you ought, I should have been as much family council verbally: no document what- Saxony. The reasons of the latter were, interested for Holland as for France, I should ever was transmitted to him on a result, on that the Emperor and France had been too have its prosperity as much at heart : and which however depended the ease, condition, great enemies to Austria, to hope for a sin- certainly in placing you on the throne of and fame of a man of honour.
Holland, I thought I was placing there a “The marriage of the Empress Josephine • So it is in the original, but the author must French citizen, as much devoted to the was dissolved ; a demand for the purpose be- surely have mcant succceded. Tr.
greatness of France as myself, and as jealous
of epery thing concerning the mother country. “ The King of Naples was returning home, his life and future prospects had been sacriHad you followed this plan in your conduct, to endeavour to sape hlinself, if the existence ficed to worldly illusions and politics.” you would now have been king of six mil- of the French government should be endan On the entrance of the Allies into Paris, lions of subjects. I should have considered gered. He advised his brother-in-law to re- he accompanied the Empress to Blois, thence the throne of Holland as a pedestal, on turn to Holland by the assistance of the al- went to Lausanne, and in September to which I should have spread Hamburg, Osna- lies.' The latter answered, this he would Rome, where he has since resided, superinbruck, and part of the north of Germany; never do; because Holland would not be tending the education of his son. for it would have been a nucleus of people, permitted to remain perfectly neutral, and no
Though rather a heavy work, and that would have broken still more the Ger- throne in the world would bribe him to make man spirit , which is the first object of my war against his country. ... If France prove translated, there is a great deal of im
not very purely, though faithfully policy. Far from this, you have taken a successful,” added he, course directly opposite ; I have found my should I not deserve, for having drawn on the portant matter in these three volumes ; self obliged to forbid you France, and to kingdom its hostility and vengeance ! If she which, if not calculated for mere Engi seize on a part of your country.
prove unsuccessful, the allies in the end lish popularity, will no doubt find their “ You do not say a word in your council, will give the preference to the Prince of way to most of the libraries of statesyou do not entrust any one with a secret, Orange. But," after the departure of the King men and politicians. chat remains unknown, that does not turn of Naples, he reflected maturely on the sinagainst you and annihilate you; for in the gular situation in which he stood. He felt minds of the Dutch you are to them but a clearly, that it was a favourable moment, to ARTS AND SCIENCES. Frenchman of four years standing; they see attempt a return to Holland ; and that the in you nothing but me, and the advantage of French government could not do better, than finding themselves sheltered from the subal- renounce a country, slipping through its
We have felt rather reluctant to give any tern agitators and plunderers, who have har fingers, and estalilish in it a French dynasty. account of the annual cominemoration of rassed them ever since the conquest. When He despatched an officer of his guards to this fund on the 4th, because the meeting you show yourself a bad Frenchman, you Mentz, with orders to await the Emperor was altogether unworthy of the occasion. are less to them than a prince of Orange, to there, and deliver to him a letter, in which There were indeed several respectable noblewhose blood they stand indebted for the rank he endeavoured to persuade his brother, to men and gentlemen present, and soine liteof their nation, and a long series of pros- lose no time in adopting the only step, that rary characters, whose names are known to perity and glory. Holland is convinced, that remained for France to take at that moment, the public; but the number assembled was your aversion to France has madle them lose, with regard to Holland.
very limited, and both in distinction of rank what they would not have lost under a " As he could entertain no doubt, that a and letters, and in the amount of the subprince of Orange or a Schimmelpenninck.", country about to fall into the hands of the scription, the results fell far short of what
What a picture is here? Louis could only allies would be yielded up to him with plea- ought to mark the anniversary of so generally abdicate, which he did on the 1st of July, sure, and that it was important to lose no interesting and excellent an institution. In and set out for Toeplitz. Thence he went to time; he resolved to proceed immediately to truth, there is evidently something radically Gratz,and though deserted by all those whom Amsterdam, if the French government gave wrong in the management of this noble chahe had taken with him and relied upon, but its consent, and would permit the Dutch rity. This year the failure was ascribed to. who were in truth his brother's spies, he re- then at Paris to accompany him. Accord- delays and blunders io not getting stewards sisted all the threats and coinmands to induce ingly he proceeded towards this capital, after in tiine, and in not apprizing those who had him to return to France.
having written to the Empress Regent, and been procured, 80 as to enable them to act “ He led (as he feelingly states) a very re- to Prince Cambacères ; but was much asto- efficiently. But the Literary Fund has netired life at Gratz, endeavouring to re-estab- nished to find, on his reaching Pont sur ver occupied the place it ought to fill among lish his health. He waited impatiently for Seine; a refusal to receive him at Paris. He the benevolent associations of the country, the so much desired period of general returned to Switzerland therefore, where he There is hardly a club of any sort, hospeace, that he might go to Rome, that he was informed of the Emperor's answer by pital of third rate consequence, which does might iinplore the assistance of the august letters from Prince Berthier, Duke of Vicen- not outstrip it; and as for the more public head of his religion, on the score of his mar- za, and by what the Emperor said to the charities connected with the arts, the drama, riage, and be enabled afterwards to retire to officer, who had been sent to him. Both &c. their success trebles and quadruples that St. Leu; where he hoped to terminate his these exactly agreed. "I had rather," of one which ought to stand pre-eminent, as career, where in 1804 he had deposited the said the Emperor, " that Holland should re- its objects are the encouragement of univerashes of his father, and where a place had turn into the power of the house of Orange, sal literature, and relief of unfortunate auever since been prepared for himself. Paris than into that of my brother. If he have a thors. There is no part of the coinmunity and St. Leu he loved beyond all expression, hundred thousand men to oppose to me, he which does not feel a sympathy with the and considered as the places of his birth.* may endeavour to take it from me, &c.” plan; and yet it pines in comparative olie
“ But heaven ordered it otherwise ; and In 1814 Louis returned as a private indivi- ocurity, and but for a remarkable legacy, willed, that the man perhaps least in the dual to Paris.
would hardly be competent to assuage the digworld framed for solitude and celibacy; the “ He alighted at his mother's. He could tresses of a dozen perishing scholars in a man most French, most peaceable, least a not see the Emperor till ten days after his twelvemontb. cosmopolite; was obliged to live alone, and arrival. Orders to remove to the distance of We take this view of the subject within a wandering state , and accused of loving forty leagues from Paris were hinted to him. qut designing, får
less desiring, to impute neither tranquillity nor France. May this The Prince of Neufchatel, and the Duke of blame to any of the
whose names work convince both his countrymen and the Vicenza, came to him formally to renew to appear among the officers of the society. Dutch of the injustice of these reproaches.” him these orders, which he refused to obey, The zeal, talents, and diligence of several
When the crisis of Buonaparte's fate drew because no one had a right to prevent him of the most official are acknowledged by on, Louis seems to have forgotten his re- from dwelling in his own house.
those who have better opportunities than we sentment. He endeavoured to renew their " At length, on the 10th of January he possess of appreciating their services. We fraternal intercourse ; but being frustrated, saw the Emperor through the mediation of only say, that from some cause or other,went to Switzerland in order to be near the the Empress. They approached each other cither from gentlemen being averse to thrust scene of action. Here a curious interview coolly, without embracing. It would be themselves too forward, or from the duty took place between him and Murat, after difficult to form an idea of what Louis inward- which many should perform being performthe battle of Leipsic.
ly felt at seeing again a brother, to whom his led by none, -the thing has been ill conducted.
infancy was so much indebted, but of whom Happily swe trust, for the fund, this fact * (Quærè, Was he born in two places ?) he had so many reasons to complain, siage was stated at the meeting in a beat address,
delivered by one of the stewards, the Hon. in five hours, nearly. As he made this in- I was 1500 coises in length, and 6 coises hi Mr. Douglas Kinnaird, and further animad- teresting observation during an excursion breadth. These streurns of fire diminished verted upon by the chairman, the Earl of into the country, it was not possible to have on the 25th, and, on the following day, the Blessington. It is therefore to be hoped, the aid of instruments, or to communicate crater again threw out clouds of black smoke. that the disposition consequently manifested the phenomenon carly enough to others. It On the 27th, fresh showers of stones again to promote the good cause, with greater would be very possible to attain, in this buried the fountains, the utility of which concert and vigour, will not evaporate be- manner, the discovery of a planet nearer to had induced the guide to Vesuvius, Salvafore the next anniversary. Several useful the sun than Mercury.
tore, to repair it at his own expence, for the hints as to previous arrangernents were Remarkable Phenomena in the late Eruption use of the numerous travellers who ascend thrown out; and, as they seemed to be una of Mount Vesuvius, communicated by a the volcano,and are generally much incommonimously approved of, it is to be presumed scientific erriter of distinction.
ded by thirst. In the night of the 28th, flames they will be strenuously acted upon, and Naples, March 6th.---Vesuvius has conti- issued in abundance from the cleft out of that we shall not again have the painful nued, ever since October 1818, to pour out which the lava Aowed. They formed a pyratask of censuring, where it is so desirable that streams of lava; that in particular of the last mid of fire, about 50 feet high, which seemwe should have only praise and gratulation to eruption, on the 25th November, 1819, noted to be a current of ignited hydrogen gas, utter.
only continues, but increases. M. Gimber. This beautiful thermolamp burned without The meeting amounted to about 120, and nat prosecutes his observations, in hopes of interruption through the night, on the top included, besides the chairman, Lords Pom- seeing the end of this long series of erup- of the mountain ; when the sun rose it disfret and Bolton, Sir W. Clayton, G. Wat- tions, of which he witnessed the commence appeared, but it shone again in the followson Taylor, Mr. D. Kinnaird, Mr. Heher, Mr. ment, that he may afterwards examine ing night. At the beginning of February the Chalmers, Dr. Symmons, Rev. C. P. Burney, the effects that have been produced in the top of Vesuvius svas covered with snow, &c. &c. &e. When the customary toasts interior of the crater, to which access is pos- while its fire raged with redoubled fury. were disposed of, and the glee peculiar to sible as soon as the volcano becomes more There was then occasion to admire the strikthe day had been performed, by the veteran quiet. According to his observations, the ing contrasts of nature: deep snow surroundShield, and other musicians, Mr. Fitzgerald following are the principal occurrences since ed the flaming mouth of the volcano, and went upon a table, and recited an address, the coininencement, in Noveinber last. In the the constantly flowing stream of lara. being the twenty-fourth which he has coin night of the 1st of January the stream of lava, On the 13th the inhabitants of Torre del posed for these anniversaries. Of the good which, till then, had remained pretty equal
, Greco, Resina, and Portici, were alarmed intention and philanthropy of these exhi- suddenly rose considerably above the sides by violent shocks at the foot of the mounbitions, no one can entertain a doubt; and the of its hed, rushed forwards, and divided it tain, accompanied by loud explosions inside. author is most deservedly respected for his self into two streams of fire. At the same An electrical conductor, which M. Gimberconstant devotion to the interests of the Li- time the principal crater threw out flames nat had erected on the summit of Vesuvius, terary Fund. But we must question the and stones in great quantities. On the 4th, and which was connected with a voltaic elecexpediency of tabular recitations, which are at two in the afternoon, there was a loud ex- trometer, showed an uncommonly strong rather inconsistent with English manners, plosion, which the Neapolitans took for a positive electricity about the crater, but with and are, in themselves, more likely to ex- clap, of thundor, as in general they never continual variations, not to be ascertained, cite ridicule than to inspire respect
. We think of Vesuvius, except when it threatens and which, perhaps, were caused by the wish they were discontinued, and Lord By- them.*. With this detonation, several ig- great mass of vapours spread by the inces ron's taunt* disproved in both its branches. nited substances, and above 30 feet of the sant eruptions during this operation. In the Several admirable songs, by Braham, were edge of the crater, were thrown into the air, following night, a storm from the south more exhilarating; and the statement, by by which the top of Vesuvins lost some toises brought torrents of rain, which continued Mr. Yates, that the permanent fund for ge- of its height. The great crater therefore, for four days. The fires of Vesuvius raged neral purposes amounted to above 60001. which was higher than that which is called with still greater fúry amidst these floods of was still more cheering.
the little crater, is now the lower, as respects water. On the 20th of February, a new Towards the conclusion of the evening, the level of the opening. The smoke, which eruption of lava succeeded this storm. The the noble president was very successful in usually rises from the crater in columns, or melted substances flowed with such rapidity, creating an enthusiasm in favour of the cha. in round masses, now often assumes a circular that they advanced 600 toises in less than rity: and some stewards of considerable or ring shape, ascends in constant rotation, an hour. The old stream of lava of the 25th power having been nominated for next year, and changes its white colour to blue, as it of November, had extended to above 1500 we anticipate that an assemblage will take spreads in the atmosphere. A second l'ril toises. At the same tiine the fames and the place, at which the highest rank, and the liant phenomenon appeared in the night of stones rose from the centre above 500 feet proudest abilities, will be seen crowding, as the 13th. A bright, very much extended into the air, as calculated by the time which they ought, to honour and promote the Lite- light, like the Aurora-borealis, diffused an the highest of the latter took to deseend. rary Fund.
uncommon lustre to a considerable height The subterraneous motions which were
over the crater. It was caused by the reflec- propagated in the whole wide circumference SPOTS ON THE SUN.
tion in the clouds of an immense fire burning of Vesuvius, several times shook the houses Vienna, 27th April.-M. Steinheibel, who in the interior of the volcano ; but no fames of Torre del Greco, and other towns on the has for nearly four years daily observed the were at this time visible above the crater. coast. A quantity of lapilli (little pieces of sun, and carefully noted, in a journal, the This volcanic meteor illumed seven nights lava), were thrown above an Italian mile dark or bright spots which became visible, suceessively with increasing splendour; when, from the crater, and suffocating vapours exnoticed, on the 12th of February this year, on the 16th, a violent eruption threw up so tended beyond Portici. They rushed, with at 45 minutes past ten, A. M. a spot distin- many stones, that they in a short time a loud roaring, from the lateral openings guished from every other, hy its well defined, choaked up the two springs (one of fresh of the volcano; and, as these were too narcircular form, by its circular atmosphere, water, and one impregnated with muriatic row for them, they forced open two new by its orange colour, and particularly by its acid) which Mr. Gimbernat had collected, and larger ones, in the form of craters, singular motion, as it crossed the sun's disk and kept up for above a year on the sum- about 50 feet in circumference, through which
His Lordship notes the period of Mr. Fitz- mit of 'Vesuvius. At the same time the stones and flames rose at intervals into the gerald's recitation as that when the company stream of lava greatly inereased, and diverged air, for several hours. The prineipal lava have drunk so much bad port, as to relish bad into three branches, the longest of which streaın increased, overflowed, branched into verses. Now, the host of the Freemasons' takes The first volume of the Memoirs of the several fiery currents, and extended to above care to give good port ; and, if the verses were Royal Academy of Sciences, at Naples, is just 50 feet in 'breadth. The fire issuing from withheld, the noble bard's aceusation would published: # does not contain a single word both craters exceeded the preceding, being fall to the ground entirely. about Vesuvius !
higher and more frequent. In the niglrt of
the 24th, the mountain displayed its whole surius, let Jan. 1820. as a homage from particulars of this picturesque drama, belong dreadful grandeur. Tho uext day It seemed | Gimbernat."
in an eminent degree to the true comedy inclined to repose ; the coluinns of fire ccas
of art. ed, the lava stood still, and seemed to be
Forty Three Drawings.-Copley Fielding. going out. This repose was of no long du
There is hardly one of these drawings but ration. After throwing out vast clouds of
OXFORD, May 13.
possesses some character of excellence. The black dust (improperly called volcanic ashes), On Saturday last the following Degrees artist is fond of extraordinary atmospherical which, on the 25th were so frequent, and thick, were conferral :
effects; and in some of his delineations of as to darken the Appennines at noon-day, the Master Or Arte.-W. Coltman, Esq. these, the eye which has not looked at these eruptions of burning matter recoinmenced Brasennose College, grand compounder ; things as a painter's eye does, will be at a on the 27th with great fury. Vesuvius Oliver Cave, Balliol College. BACHELORS loss to reconcile his works to individual truth, threw large stones to the distance of above of Arts.-J. Reynolds Johnson. Balliol though from confessing his powers, it may a mile into the valley which separates it College; J. Sheffield Cox, Peinbroke College. without an effort be conceded, that his close from Monte Somma, and Ottajano. A new On Wednesday last the following Degrees junction of the utmost warmth and coldness stream of lava poured over the old one, and were conferred
of colour, way in reality have been found in separated into several branches. The deto Doctor in Divinity.--Rev. William nature. nations were so violent, and the houses in Benson, Rector of Hampton Poyle, &c. and No. 95. Jupiter nursed in the Isle of Crete, the neighbouring places trembled so often, formerly fellow of Queen's College, grand that the people passed the night in dread compounder. MASTERS OF Arts. -Rev.
by the Nymphs and Corybantes.-J. Cris
tall. of an impending catastrophe. The quantity Thomas Walker, University College; Conand thickness of the lava were such, that, rade H. Coulthurst, Brasennose College ; A. position, displaying great powers of poetical
This is a highly classical and elevated comnotwithstanding the full light of the moon, Macdonnell, Student of Christ Church ; J. feeling, and great skill in some of the supethe stream resembled a red-hot iron arrow, Henderson, Balliol College ; Rev. David rior qualities of art. The tones are however a thousand toises in length, aimed in an oh- Williams, and Rev. Walter Powell, Jésus crude, and the purple hues of the flesh are lique direction from the clouds at the earth, College. Bachelor of Arts.--Samuel such as no good colourist would admit. The amidst the darkness. A violent sonthwest Johnson, and John Hampson Johnson, Lin- want of keepiog, as well as massing, must wind raised, on the 29th, a storm from the coln College; S. Hartopp Knapp, Merton also be allowed as slight drawbacks to an sea, which continued five successive days, College; J. Edmund Jones, St. Edmund otherwise very fine perforinance. accompanied with torrents of rain, hail
, Hall, E. R. Taylor, Wadhain College; G. Nos. 103. and 113. rices of Windsor and and claps of thunder. During this storm, Edge Larden, Brasennose College. the sea ran dreadfully high, and Vesuvius The subject of the Cambridge Seatonian
Battersea, from Millbank.-J. Varley. seemed to partake of its furyIn general prize poen for the present year is-- The of this artist's talents, uniting the lightness
Two very clear and beautiful specimens the activity of the mountain has much in- Omnipresence of the Supreme Being. creased since the 1st of March. An incez
of water-colours with the solidity of oils. sant roaring is heard in its bowels, like the
Nos. 2, 3, 12, and about a score of others.waves of the sea in a storin. Numerous
G. F. Robson. subterraneous shocka shake the doors and
It is difficult to speak in detail of this artist's
SPRING GARDEN EXHIBITION. windows of the houses in the villages at the
performances, from the number and variety foot of the mountain, and the eruptions of We gave a general view of this Exhibition which they present. Some preference will flame and stones from the crater are more on its opening; we now return to notice however fall to distinguish our choice, and frequent. In the last six days these fiery some of its leading pictures.
the Nos. 12. and 23, of Sunset and Twilight, eruptions filled the whole mouth of the cra No. 17. The Tight Shoe.-H. Richter, are among the most striking examples of his ter, rose above 100 toises into the air, and Every body can tell where his own shoe pencil. No artist appears more master of recurred at intervals of three to five minutes, pinches, but nobody could excell Mr. Rich- his incans ; and the singleness and simplicity accompanied with strong detonations. Dur- ter in telling, through the medium of the of his execution have a charm no labour can ing the day they appear as immense pillars pencil, where another's shoe inflicts this bestow. of white sinoke. The lava continues to flow misery upon him. He has given us a truly
Nos. 5. 11, 8c. &c. &c.-Samuel Prout. in uncommon quantities. The scene is at comic piece, enriched with all the additions
The most prominent picture of the numpresent the more attractive, because the of brilliant colouring and masterly execution. ber which this artist exhibits, is 291, An high pyramid of Vesuvius, as well as the ad- The external and internal accessories are Indiaman on Shore, which is finely adaptjacent mountains, is covered with snow two made skilfully to auginent the humours of ed to his broad style and pencilling: his feet deep. This gives the Gulph of Naples the subject ; each appropriate, and each in its ancient towns in France are also of the the appearance
of one of the great Alpine kind tending to enhance the value of the same character, and display very great lakes, and combines the wonders of Vesuvi- principal. The stocks in the distance are at
genius. ris and of Mont Blanc. Thus the mountain (once congenial emblems of suffering, and
No. 117. Rival Candidates.-E. Landseer. has been at work these fifteen months; and hints at that sobriety of life and conversaits violence increased during the southerly tion of which some of the party may aptly
“ Twa dogs that were na thrang at bame :" storm in February and March, constantly in be reminded. The Chelsea Pensioner, with But not the dogs of Burns. In this picproportion with the motion of the sea. M. two wooden legs, giving advice, is, rare ture one of the aqueous breed has brought Gimbernat has already observed this coinci- case! a disinterested counsellor, and his ca- a staff out of the water, which a terrier dence six times ; and it seems incontestibly lamity is here a matter of innocent joke, and seizes, and is trying to wrest from him the to prove the efficacy of sea water, as one of much in unison with the whim of sight moment he gets dripping to the shore. The the causes of volcanoes. The observers of Shoes :
humour and whim of this subject are exquiVesuvius now living cannot remember so con. “ His limbs are in the grave :
site : animal expression could not be carried tinued a series of eruptions. Of the lava which After life's lengthened marches, he walks well ; further, and these dogs are exactly what issued from the mountain on the lot of January Bullets have done their worst: nor steel, nor Mulready's boys are, at Somerset House. M. Gimbernat has made medals, in honour
No. 141. Una, from Spenser.-W. Bewick. of the prince whose liberality has enabled Surgeons domestic, foreign warfare, pothing, We fear that the light in this work is not
Can touch him further. him to continue his researches for so long a
to be accounted for on rules of art. The period. These Vesuvian medals bear on one The evident assurance of the cobler, and painter has attempted too literally to transside the inscription, “ Long live King Max- luis assertions (we hear them), that nothing late the poet. There is nevertheless a deimilian Joseph, Bavaria, and the Wittels can fit better; the signs of former suffering grce of stillness and solemnity about the picbachs !” and on the reverse,
“ Lava of Ve in the countryman; and, in short, all the tire, and something of promising execution.