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the most certain way to succeed in every started from the socket in a fit of passivu. Ilirself so fully by' his confusion, that the honorable pursuit."

These are the fatalities in forming the youth- colonel, in a fit of summary justice, threw The author sets out with the antiquity of ful mind; and though the author praises his him out of the window. For this Sir Franhis family, into the records of which he en- mother's knowledge of human nature, he cis Delaval was charged five hundred pounds." ters, favouring us with, here and there, a has herein set up a beacon to be avoided, Mr. E. married in 1763, and lived princibull or idle tale. For instance at page 8 Dot an example to be imitated. But we pally in Berkshire, where he became very it is stated of one of his female ancestors, pass to pleasanter subjects, only premising, intiinate with Mr. Day, cultivating at the that “after the rebels had forced this lady that in 1761, the author entered Corpus same time an intercourse with most of the out of the castle, and had set fire to it, Christi College, having studied previously literati of the time. they plundered it completely:" in other at Dublin : his bent however appears to The eccentricities of Mr. E. and of some countries they would have plundered it be- have been almost exclusively towards me of his friends, are unfolded in some whimfore they set fire to it! At page 14, we chanicks, which became his ruling passion *sical anecdotes. We copy the following in have a relation of the well known gallantry The following story is told of Sir Francis a miscellaneous way. which rescued a candle from a barrel of Delaval's electioneering at Andover.

In one of my journeys from Hare Hatch gunpowder, ascribed to a Lady Edgeworth; “His attorney's bill was yet to be dis- to Birminghaid, I accidentally met with a at page 18, the story of a coin put under charged. It had been running on for many person, whom I as a mechanick, bad a cuthe seal of a deed which exposes the roguery years, and though large sums had been

paid riosity to see. This was a sailor, who had of the partics, and invalidates the forged do- on occount, a prodigious balance still re- anused London with a singular exhibition cument, (told nearly word for word in " Pa- mained to be adjusted. The affair came be- of dexterity. He was called Jack the Darter. tronage ;” and indeed, the whole of the fore the King's Bench. Ainong a variety of He threw his darts, which consisted of thin early parts, are disfigured by the repetition exorbitant and monstrous charges there ap-rods of deal, of about half an inch in diaand appropriation of jests famous in jocular peared the following article.

meter, and of a yard long, to an amazing literature, and by anecdotes of marvellous "To being thrown out of the window height and distance ; for instance, he threw precocity belonging to the infancy of the at the George Inn, Andover—to my leg them over what was then called the Nesv writer. "Looking to Mr. E. as an advocate being thereby broken-o surgeon's bill, and Church in the Strand. Of this feat I had for a better system of education than, unfor- loss of time and business-all in the service heard, but I entertained some doubts upon tunately, is usually pursued in respect to of Sir F. B. Delaval.—Five hundred pounds. the subject; I had enquired from my friends children, we have a graver objection : to “ When this curious item caine to be ex- where this man could be found, but had not an account of a transaction which fol- plained, it appeared, that the attorney had, been able to discover him. As I was driving lowed his having thrown a hot iron at his by way of promoting Sir Francis's interest towards Birmingham in an open carriage of brother. He tells us

in the borough, sent cards of invitation to a singular construction, I overtook a man, “When my mother heard what I had done, the officers of a regiment in the town, in the who walked remarkably fast, but who stopI saw she was struck with horror, but she name of the mayor and corporation, invi- ped as I passed him, and eyed my equipage said not one word in anger to me. She or- ting them to dine and drink His Majesty's with uncommon curiosity. There was somedered every body out of the room except health on his birthday. He, at the saine thing in his manner, that made me speak to myself, and then drawing me near her, she time, wrote a similar invitation to the mayor him; and, from the sort of questions le spoke to me in a mild voice, but in a mnost and corporation, in the name of the officers asked about my carriage, I found that he serious manner. First, she explained to of the regiment. The two companies met, was a clever fellow. I soon learned, that he me the nature of the crimne, which I had complimented each other, eat a good dinner, had walked over the greatest part of England, ruu the hazard of committing ; she told me, drank a hearty bottle of wine to His Mas and that he was perfectly acquainted with she was sure that I had no intention seri- jesty's health, and prepared to break up. London. It came into my head to inquire, ously to hurt my brother, and did not know, The coinmanding oficer of the regiment, whether he had ever seen the exhibition, that if the iron had hit iny brother, it must being the politest man in company, made a about which I was so desirous to be inhave killed hiin. While I felt this first shock, handsome speech to Mr. Mayor, thanking formed. “Lord ! Sir, said he, 'I am, myself, and whilst the horror of murder was upon him for his hospitable invitation and enter- Jack the Darter. He had a roll of brown me, my mother seized the moment, to con- tainment. No, colonel,' replied the paper in his hand, which he unfolded, and jure me to try in future to command my inayor, it is to you that thanks are due soon produced a bundle of the light deal passions. I remember her telling me, that by me and by my brother aldermen for your sticks, which he had the power of darting to Í had an uncle by the mother's side who had generous treat to us.' The colonel replied such a distance. He readily consented to such a violent teinper, that in a fit of passion with as much warmth as good breeding gratify ny curiosity, and after he had thrown one of his eyes actually started out of its would allow : the mayor retorted with down- some of them to a prodigious height, I asked socket. “You,' said my mother to me, right anger, swearing that he would not be him to throw some of thein horizontally. ' have naturally a violent temper: if you choused by the bravest colonel in His Majes. At the first trial he threw one of them eighty grow up to be a man without learning to ty's service. Mr. Mayor,' said the colo- yards with great ease. I observed, that he govern it, it will be iinpossible for you then nel, there is no necessity for displaying coiled a small string round the stick, by to command yourself; and there is nu know any vulgar passion on this occasion. Permit which he gave it a rotary motion, that preing what crime you may in a fit of passion me to shew yon, that I have here your obli- served it from altering its course ; and at comınit, and how miserable you may in con- ging card of invitation.' – Nay, Mr. Culo- the same time it allowed the arm, which sequence of it become. You are but a very nel, bere is no opportunity for bantering, threw it, time to exercise its whole force. young child, yet I think you can understand there is your card.

If any thing be simply thrown from the ine. Instead of speaking to you as I do at "Upon examining the cards, it was ob-hand, it is clear, that it can acquire no greatthis moment, I might punish you severely; served, that, notwithstanding an attempt to er velocity thau that of the band which but I think it better to treat you like a rea- disguise it, botla cards were written in the throws it ; but if the body, that is thrown, sonable creature. My wish is to teach you sanie hand by some person, who had de- passes through a greater space than the hand, to command your temper ; nobody can do signed to make fools of them all. Every whilst the hand continues to cominunicate that for you, so well as you can do it for eye of the corporation turned spontaneously motion to the body to be impelled, the body yourself.”

upon the attorney, who, of course, attended will acquire a velocity nearly double to that Here the precept is good ; but how many all public meetings. His impudence sud- of the band which throws it. The ancients times more dangerously powerful is the ex- denly gave way, le faltered and betrayed were aware of this, and they wrapped a thong ample of a parent telling lies to her child, in

As an example of this, it bas been stated of leather round their javelins, by which order to persuale him to act rightly? It was to us, that when a beloved' daughter died, Mr. they could throw them with additional vionot true that the iron must have been fatal ; Edgeworth relieved the distraction of his soul lence. This invention did not, I believe, and it was a falsehood that any one's eye by inventing a patent coffin for her corpse. Ed. belong to the Greeks ; nor do I remember

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'ts being inentioned by Homer or Xenophon. She acknowledged all his claims, but steadily " • Pray tell the authoress, that the waterIt was in use arnong the Romans ; but at refused to continue a connexion, which must nymphs of our valley will be happy to assist what ttme it was introduced or laid aside Intecessarily end in his ruin. She had given her next novel. know not. Whoever is acquainted with the such a signal proof of her disinterestedness “My bookseller, Mr. Johnson, will not science of projectiles will perceive, that this and affection, that no mercenary motive, or begin to print the Temple of Nature, till invention is well worthy of their attention." any caprice of sentiment, could be attributed the price of paper is fixed by Parliament. The author spent several years in

to her conduct ; she therefore claimed the I suppose the present duty is puid'

merit of the greatest sacrifice in giving himn “At these words Dr. Darwin's pen stopped. France :

up, to preserve hitn from himself. All the What follows was written on the opposite The society at Lyons was at this time emu. Lyons world applauded her generosity : she side of the paper by another hand. lating the polish of Parisian manners, and was caressed and invited to some of the best approaching fast to the dissipation and re-louses in that city. I have dined with her “This family is in the greatest affliction. laxation of morals, which prevailed in Paris. at Madame de Verpillier's, with a larye soci- I am truly grieved to inforın you of the death Among the trifling anecdotes; that lave re-ety of the best company. Had I not known of the invaluable Dr. Darwin. Dr. Darwin mained in my memory, I may mention a that she wis an actress, I could not have dis- got up apparently in health; about eight repartee of a belle at Lyons, a Madame covered her situation by any thing in her lo'clock, le rang the library bell The serBuru. This lady laid given sonne offence to manners or conversation."

rant, who went, said, he appeared fainting. M. de Verpillier, the major of Lyons. At a Having returned to England on the death He revived again,—Mrs. Darwin was immomasquerade, the inajor discovered this lady of his wife soon after the birth of a daughter, diately called. The Doctor spoke often, in ber visguise, and accosted her in a sarcas- Mr. E. shortly married Miss Honora Sneyd, but soon appearal fainting ; and died about tie tone, with a quotation from the syllables and retired to his family seat, Edgeworth nine o'clock. of the Primer ;-" Comment vous portez Town, in Ireland. On her death, be married Our dear Mrs. Darwin and family are vous, Maclame Ba-Be-Bi-Bo-Bn!" She her sister Elizabeth.

inconsolable : their affliction is great indeerd, answered, “Tres bien ! Monsieur Cd-Ce The second volume is the production of there being few such husbands or fathers. Ci-Co-Cu.-A sarcasm, which was not ap- Maria Edgeworth, and infinitely better writ. He will be most deservedly, lamented luy plied at hazard.

ten than the first, but not so light and amu- all, who had the honor to be known to him. A few more slight anecılotes will mark the sing from its gossipping character. We se P.S.—This letter was begun this mornmanners of that day at Lyons,and the good and lect merely one letter, which describes the ing by Dr. Darwin himself.'. bad qualities apparent in the different ranks death of Dr. Darwin.

• The shock, which my father felt, must of society, An English gentleman, who "Among the foreigners, who came to in some degree be experienced by every perseemed to be very popular among lis com- England about this time, was Professor Pic- son, who reads this letter, where the playpanions, had brought himself into sudden tet of Geneva, brother of the editor of the fulness of the beginning is in such contrast distress by an unlucky run at play. He was Journal Britannique, who translated Practi- to the end. There is, in the sudden stroke arrested, while he was entertaining several cal Education, and with whom my father had of death, something that no human creature of his countrymen at dinner. Not one of had some correspondence on the subject. can behold with indifference, even when it them interfere! in his favour ; but when he Professor Pictet visited Ireland, and came to falls on one quite unconnected with onrselves, retired from the rooin, a valet de place, who Edgeworth-Town. He decided us to go or on one, who had in no way distinguished had lived with him for two years, offered abroad, hy the kind offers of introduction to himself froin his fellow mortals ; but how him a purse containing more than the debt numerous literary friends at Paris ; and as-inuch more awfully the blow resounds for which he wis arrested, telling him, that surances, that from what they already knew throngh the world, when it levels to the dust he had carned that money by the English, of him, through his writings on Education, one preeminent in talent!" and that it could not be better employed, they were prepared to receive him and his The following are specimens of Mr. Edgethan by saving a gentleman of that country fainily with cordiality. The tour was ar- worth's poetry. from disgrace. The offer was accepted, and ranged for the ensuing Autumn, and the the English gentlemarı soon afterwards r. pleasure of revisiting some of his old English On some revent Scotch Marriuges and Di. paid the sun, with the addition of a hand friends, Dr. Darwin in particular, was full some present.

in his contemplation, when he received the To ready Scotland boys and girls are carried, Another instance of generosity, shewn to following letter.

Before their time, impatient to be married. an Englishmen in distress, occurred while" From DR. DARWIN TO MR. EDGEWOrth. Soon wiser grown the selfsame road they run, I was at Lyons. A gentleman was arrested Priory, near Derby, April 17, 1802. With equal haste, to get the knot undone; for numerous debts, which he had incurred “ • Dear Edgeworth,

Th' indulgent Scot, where English law too nice by living in a very extravagant manner with “I am glad to find, that you still amuse

is, Madmoiselle St. Clair, an actress of great yourself with mechanisin, in spite of the Sanctions our follies first and then our vices.

Feb. 1811. celebrity and some beauty. She had fasci- troubles of Ireland. nated the gentleman so completely, that he “ 'We have all been now removed from On receiring a Pencil-case from Mrs. E. had lavisked upon lær all the inoney, and had Derby about a fortnight, to the Priory, and

Edgeworth, with a Black Lead Pencil at exbausted all the credit, which he could com- all of us like our change of situation. We

one end, at the other a gold pen. mad. Tradesmen to whom he was indebt- have a pleasant house, a good garden, ponds If in some heedless hour my careless strain ed, becoming acquainted with his situation, full of fish, and a pleasing valley somewhat should chance to give my loved Eliza pain, found it necessary to enforce payment by like Shenstone's deep, unbrigeous, and May the rude lines the fading pencil trace ! securing his person. None of the English with a talkative stream running down it. May the rude lines her gentle hand efface! came forward to his assistance, and he was Our house is near the top of the valley, well But when her worth, or when my love is told actually placed in continement. He was not

, screened by hills from the east, and north, Oh may the sterling line be graved with gold. however, left long in this situation : for and open to the south, where, at four iniles

The work is adorned with neat enMademoiselle St. Clair sold all her plate and distance, we see Derby tower. Four or gravings, and will be found curious to jewels, and released him. When her lover more strong springs rise near the house, literary readers. flew to her, to express his gratitude, he was and have formed the valley, which, like that astouished to find a reception very different of Petrarch, may be called Val chiusa, as A New Dictionary for the Fashionable from what he expected : after expressing in it begins, or is shut, at the situation of the the fondest mamer her affcction, she decla- house. I hope you like the description,

World; translated from the French, red it to be her fixed determinition, to live and hope farther, that yourself and any part

with selections and additions. London, with him no longer. In vain he pleadel his of your family will sometime do us the plea

1820. 12mo. pp. 152. constancy, his entire devotion to her wishes. J sure of a visit.

This is but a weakly performance,

EPIGRAM

l'orces.

Dandy. -A creature unknown in England indeed display very little wit:' but qualities of English troops in days of bat

and wants the whim and pungency Homc. The seat of every comfort ; more on the part of the victorious arıny. It is which alone can make such a thing particularly understood by the English than impossible to counerate in this place the amusing. We copy a few of the best of any other nation. The French, indeed, many instances of brave and distinguished the definitions and explanations, as a

have no word in their language for home officers who fell or were severely wounded sample of the work.

Nothing can convey a more just idea of the in this hard fought battle. The Prince of

delight of home than an old Italian proverb : Orange at the head of his corps had distinAbility. Those who possess the most, “Ad ogni uccello, il suo nido par bello." guished himself throughout the day, by the frequently make the least use of it.

Home (at).-A fashionable mode of invi- example of his gallantry and activity, in Abuse:--A word of attack against a man tation, and of rendering home the very re- rallying the troops when partially disorgain place; a word too often abused in its ap- verse of a seat of comfort. It fills the house nized by the severe attacks of the enemy, plication. To put an end to abuses—to re- in a way to make it difficult to ascertain whe- till he was sererely wounded and borne from medy abuses_in the mouths of many, means, ther the mistress really be at home or no (not]. the field. The Earl of Uxbridge, who, your place suits me, or, give ine a place! Indeed we have heard of a lady who took ad- during the contest, had headed the different

Ansverable.A most hazardous thing to rantage of her at home, to go and pay a charges, was seen in his splendid uniform be, for any one, or any thing, in this comfortable visit to a friend, who expressed moving like a meteor across the plain, folworld.

surprise at seeing her, "Lord, my dear, lowed by the British caralry, whose course Apothecary: - man who mixes drugs, my at home is just when I cannot he was marked by the slaughter it made. In with the qualities of which he is little ac missed !"

the advance of the whole army, at the close quainted, to operate upon a constitution with Inventions. -Old things, by new names. of the day, he was one of many who sufferwhich he is still less acquainted.

Journal.-A memorandum book for the ed from the last deadly volley of the eneBankruptcy.- I way to enrich yourself, assistance of those who have a short memory. my's artillery, and had one of his legs shat(A. D. 1818).

We have heard of a Frenchman who fre-tered by a cannon shot. Many of the Duke Burrow.great delight to an antiquary, quently travelled from Paris to Lyons writ- of Wellington's personal staff were killed or as he there finds a method of gratifying his ing one day in his memoranduin book, wounded. The brave Gen. Barnes, Adj;wish of obtaining a few old broken jars, and "Me souvenir de me marier en passant par Gen. to the army, was severely wounded, perhaps inay have the luck of getting some Nevers."

and the Quarter-Master-General, Col. Deof the ancient bones of a Roman or

Saxon Love.-A privilege for all the absurdities lancey, received a wound, which, unfortuhero, all which are more to him, than gold that can be committed, and all the nonsense nately for the country at large, proved fatal, and jewels. that can be talked.

It is but.a just tribute to this distinguished Block.-A heary thick sort of heall, upon Prodigies.--Every first child; and if it officer's great worth, to add, that when aswhich wigs are placed, sometimes of wood, fortunately remains an only one, continues sistance was offered to him on the field, he sometimes upon the shoulders of individuals ; | to be a prodigy to the end of time. declined accepting it, from a consciousness and these last are called block-heads. Books.-An ornament in all fashionable thing, and grants nothing.

Paniiy.-A passion which demands every that his wound was mortal, and at the saine

time desired that those who came to assist rooms, and sometimes of use, when they

Perhaps we ought in justice to annex

hiin would give their immediate attendance have not been cut doucn to fit into a beautiful

to such of his brave countrymen who inight little book-case ! which we are assured has the author's idea of á critic.

be benefited by it, and he remained on the been done, by the desire of a lady, who was Crition An unmerciful searcher of faults. field during the night. disappointed to find she could not get her very little wit, and a large share of ill-na It appears from all accounts that Napobooks to fit in without this happy con- ture, is all that is necessary to form a good leon was confident of being enabled to trivance. critic.

defeat the arıny of the Duke of Wellington Botanist.-A

person who delights as much in reeds as the antiquary in bones, or the critic, it will appear that he is wrong he should have reinembered the peculiar

As we have made the writer his own without the assistance of the troops which

he had detached under Marshal Grouchy: iniser in gold.

parts of this character. His till some great defect in the formation of the they are not ill-naturel.

alone have proved to him that in the head: : some think the organ of folly is of

open field they were never defeated ; and such an extreme size in these animals, as to An Historical Sketch of the Canipaign he should havé borne in mind one of the push every other organ in the head out of its

of 1815, illustrated by Plans of the essential rules, in which, in bis instrucplace, and entirely to compress the brain ;

battle, he impresses, for sense they certainly have none, and mo

Operations, &c. By Captain Batty, of tions for days of battle,
the Ist. Grenadier Guards.' 2d. edi-

* cette maxime, qu'un homme de guerre ne tion is almost wholly denied thein; incurvation is totally out of their power, and they

tion. London 1820. 8vo: pp. 163.

peut trop, se graver dans l'esprit, que ce

sont les plus opiniatres qui gagnent les baare the most helpless of any two-legged ani This very able general view of the tailles." anal upon the earth ; yet they are as imita- operations of the important year 1815, And wheu, later in the day, he receivcıl tive as monkeys, and appear to follow every with the excellent plans that illustrate intelligence of Bulow's corps being in march profession; and we have even been shocked its skilful and impartial narrative, may upon his right flank, he seems to have calcuto see them in the highest walk of our be consulted historically as a corrective lated on Olarshal Grouchy being able to

! “We have heard of a buck, maecaroni, and issued from the press relative to the St. Jean, and Wavres, whither Grouchy to the partizan accounts which have come up with its rear, notwithstanding the

distance and difficult roads between Mont spark, But a dandy, (poor thing) was unknown in war. For military men, we presume its had received instructions to proceed. Howthe ark.

value to be still greater ; but as its ever, it seeins to be the opiniou of many able For Noah had never endeavoured to save

literary merits come most within our men, that Marshal Grouchy should at once A thing of no use from the deluge's wave.'

purview, we need only exemplify thein have marched upon the scene of action at Delight:--Experinced in its true sense by by a brief extract

. The following is Mont St. Jean, as the cannonade which she the girl who is dressing for her first ball. Gratitude. The memory of the heart, the conclusion of the sketch of the bat-heard evidently was that of the whole forces of

Napoleon engaged against the Duke of Wels which reminds us of benefits received, and tle of Waterloo.

lington's. With regard to the policy of acdisposes us to acknowledge them.

A victory of such magnitude, and of such cepting battle frou the enemy on the plaius History.-A word so abused, that it is importance from its consequences, could of Waterloo, which the French writers have become synonymous with fuble.

not of course be achicved without great loss considered so great a fault in the tactics of

tle;

the Duke of Wellington ; it must be observ-|gers's account of the attack of Colonel this uninhabited part of the coast, between ed, that had Belgium beep a conntry whose Ponsonby's regiment, drawn up from the Riacho and the Mucuri; they come on political and commercial interests would the gallant Colonel's own mouth, and shore for this purpose in the evening twilight, the best system to have been followed

by the originally published in the Literary | dig a hole, in which they deposit their eggs, army of the Netherlands would be that of Gazette.

fill it up with sand, which they tread down, avoiding battles and drawing the enemy far

and an hour or two after sun-set return to ther from his resources, and thus extending, PRINCE MAXIMILIAN'S TRAVELS IN BRAZIL. which had so amply supplied us; when we

the sea. Thio was the case with the turtle and consequently weakening, the line of his operations, and compelling him to a warfare

Concluded.)

came back to the strand a few hours afterin detail ; whilst the allies, retiring on their Between the Rio Doce and St. Mat- wards, it was gone ; it had filled up the hole, resources, would have accumulated strength, thews, we have a characteristic trait of and she broad track left by it in the sand and might have selected their own time and Brazilian travelling.

shewed that had returned to its proper eleplace for giving battle to the invading army;

ment. A single turtle of this kind can furnish and whilst the immense armies collected on We missed the first watering-place, called an abundant repast with its eggs for a whole the Rhine and in Lombardy, by inveling Cacimba de S. Joao, but found the second, company; for the midas is said to lay at once France, vould of necessity compel the French which is a lagoa, in a small low valley called ten or twelve dozen, and the soft-shelled troops in Belgium to retreat.-But as Belo Piranga, on the road side, at noon, when we from eighteen to twenty dozen. These eggs giun had for so long a period formed an in- had dispersed in all directions in search of are a very nutritious food, and are therefore tegral part of the French empire ; as both water : it afforded some refreshment to us eagerly sought after on this desert coast by her political, and yet more her commercial and our cattle. At the place where we the Indians, and in the neighbourhood of interests, were assimilated with those of stopped for the evening our search for water the colony also hy the whites. France, and, as may reasonably be supposed, was however fruitless; none was to be found, In the woods on the banks of the river St. a great portion of the population eagerly and we were consequently unable to make Matthew, the uncivilized Indians are very looked for the advance of Napoleon, it is use of the provisions which we had brought numerous, and they all live in constant warmanifest under these circumstances, that with us, they being too hard to be eaten fare with the whites in this part of the counthe farther he could penetrate into the coun- without the addition of water. Our only re- try. In the course of the last year seventry, the greater probability there would be source was to satisfy our hunger with a little teen persons were killed by them. The of his success. The proclamations and other dry maize flour, and the turtles' eggs fortu- northern bank is haunted by the Patachos, documents found in his baggage, which was nately collected by the soldiers, which we Cumanachos, Machacalis (called by the Porcaptured, prove his confident espectation of could boil in sea water. While our people higuese Machacaris, they themselves cannot gaining over the whole country to his canse, were employed in fetching some, and in pick- pronounce the r well), and other tribes, as and the losses he might sustain in actions ing up drift wood on the beach, tre found to far as Porto Seguro. The Botocudos also would then have been recruited in the coun- our great surprise, at a short distance from are numerous, and said to be chiefly in postry he invaded. It was therefore as much, our fire a prodigious sea-turtle (testudo session of the south bank ; they are feared nay more, the interest of the Duke of Wel. mydas, Linn.) which was just going to depo- by the other tribes, and are considered as lington to meet the enemy, if not on the sit its eggs : nothing could be more welcome enemies by the rest, who, on account of very frontier, as near to it as possible, and to our hungry company; the animal seemed their inferior numbers, make common cause by an obstinate defence, still to secure the to bave come expressly to provide us with against them. The plantations belonging to plan arranged for the combined efforts of all supper. Our presence did not disturb it; a fazenda higher up the river were frequently the allied armies against France. Could the we could touch it, and even lift it up; but robbed by the savages, till the proprietor deDuke of Wellington have merely maintained to do this it required the united strength of vised a singular expedient to get rid of these his ground at Waterloo, so as to prevent the four men. Notwithstanding all our excla- hostile visitors. He loaded an iron cannon, farther advance of the French army; or mations of surprise and our deliberations which was at the fazenda, with pieces of old could he effect a junction with the Prussian what to do with it, the creature manifested lead and iron, fastened the lock of a musket army, his object would bave been equally no signs of uneasiness, but a kind of hissing, to it, placed it in the narrow path by which gained; but, to prevent the enemy from nearly like the noise made by the geese when the savages always used to coine in a column, gaining possession of the Flemish capital any one approaches their young. It conti- and laid a piece of wood across the path was of vital importance. It would appear, aued to work, as it had commenced, with its which was connected with the trigger by therefore, that as the French army, inferior fin-like hinder feet, digging in the sand a cy- means of a string. The savages appeared in in numbers to the united forces of Welling-lindrical bole from eight to twelve inches the dusk of the evening, and trod on the ton and Blucher, could not at the same mo- broad; it threw the earth very regularly and piece of wood, as had been intended. When ment defeat both armies, there can hardly be | dexterously, and as it were keeping time on the people of the fazenda hastened to the a doubt that, subsequent to the battle of Lig- both sides, and began immediately after to spot to see the result, they found the cannon ny, all his efforts should, without delay, deposit its egge.

burst, and thirty Indians killed and muti. have been exerted against the Duke of Wel. One of our two soldiers laid himself all lated, some still on the spot and others scat. lington's army, and there, with erery man along on the ground near this purveyor of tered in the woods. The cries of the fugiwho could be spared from the pursuit of the our kitchen, and took the eggs out of the tives are said to have been heard far around. Prussiana, for it would have been against all hole as fast as the turtle deposited them; Since this terrible destruction the fasenda is the rules of war to quit with tris main forces and in this manner we collected 100 eggs in said not to have been again disturbed by the the road between Charleroi and Bruxelles, about ten minutes. We considered whether savages. which was the true base of Lis operations, to we should add this fine animal to our collec In the river St. Matthew, the original Bra. follow the Prussian army along the bad crosstions; but the great weight of the turtle, zilian name of which is Cricaré, is found a roads in the direction of Louvain, and thus which would have required a mule for itself rare animal, which at present is met with in leare open his communications to the army alone, and the difficulty of loading such an only very few rivers on the east coast. This of the Netherlands.

arvkward burden, made us resolve to spare is the manati, or peixe boi of the Portuguese. These opinions of an experienced and its life, and to content ourselves with its The natural history of this singular animal is peculiarly well informed officer, are eggs.

still obscure in many points ; it is pretty freworthy of attention on the contested

Those huge animals, the midas, and the quent in this river, but is said sometimes to

soft-shelled turtle (tesdudo mydas and coria- go into the sea, and along the coast, and subjects to which they refer. The ap- cea), as well as the testudo caretta, or cau- then into other rivers ; thus it has been pendix contains several interesting do- anna, deposit their eggs in the sand in the taken, for instance, in the Alcobaça. At euments, including Mr. Samuel Ro- varmest months of the year, particularly in St. Matthew, the favourite baunt of the ma

[graphic]

nati, is a lagoa, or inland water, much over with a sickle-shaped instrument (fouce) fixed those who had to fetch water, collect fuel grown with grass and reeds. The hunting of to a long handle; the former cut down the or do any thing else in the forest, always it is attended with some difficulty. The trees, the latter the underwood and young took care to be well armed. hunter rows carefully and without noise in a bushes. When a large tree was felled it small boat among the grass and reeds ; if he drew down many other trees with it to the with an account of a Botocudo combat.

We must now conclude, which we do sces the animal with its back above the water, ground; because all these forests are interas it usually appears when grazing, he ap- laced and twined together by the strongest

One Sunday morning, when the weather proaches cautiously, and throws at it a har- ligneous climbing plants ; many trunks were was most beautifully serene, we saw all the poon fastened to a cord. The manati yields broken off by others, and remained standing Botocudos of the Quartel, some with their. a great quantity of blubber, and its flesh is like colossal pillars: prickly plants, especi- faces painted black, and others red, suddenly esteemed. The orbicular bone of the ear is ally the stems of the airi palm, which are break up, and wade through the river to the looked upon by the ignorant people as a covered with thorns, lay every where on the north bank, all with bundles of poles on their powerful specific, and sold at a high price. ground, and made these abatis perfectly im- shoulders. Soon afterwards Captain June Though I repeatedly made great promises, penetrable. The ouvidor had caused five or with his people, came out of the wood, during my three or four months' stay in these six huts to be built near the lagoa, the roofs where a number of women and children, parts, with a view to obtain one of these ani- of which were covered with uricanna leaves. I had sought refuge in some large huts. mals,

my hopes were disappointed, and I was Four of our Indians, who, like most of their Scarcely had the news of the approaching forced to content myself with the sight of the countrymen, were very good hunters, and combat become known in the Quartel, wheu stnffed manatis, which I saw on my return still better fishermen and boatmen, were a crowd of spectators, among whom were from Brazil, in the cabinet of Natural His- sent out every morning for the whole day, the soldiers, an ecclesiastic from Minas, and tory at Lisbon.

to fish, hunt, and examine our mundeos, or several strangers, whom I also joined, hasAt Villa Viçosa, the suite of the Ouvi-traps for animals, and they always brought tened over to the field of battle. Each took dor, or Commandant, included ten or fish, principally piabanhas, trairas, pian, coat, in case the combat should be turned

home in the evening, game and abundance of for his security a pistol or a knife under his twelve of the Botocudos ; of whom the roba!, and other species. As soon as all against som Prince says: our people were collected together in the

When we landed on the opposite bank, The sight of the Botocudos astonished us evening, we had no cause to fear an open at- we found all the savages standing close tobeyond all expression , we had never before tack of the savages. Against a suprise by Igether, and formed a half cirele about them. seen such strange and singularly ugly beings, night, which they do not readily attempt in The combat was just beginning. First, the Their original countenances were farther dis- dark, but preferably in moonlight nights, we warriors of both parties uttered short rough figured by large pieces of wood which they were secured by the vigilance of our dogs. tones of defiance to each other, walked sulwore in their lower lips and in their ears : A large dog belonging to the ouvidor distin- lenly round one another like angry dogs, at the lip is thus made to project very much, guished himself above the rest ; he seemed the same time making ready their poles. and the ears of some of them hang like farge to scent the savages when they prowled Captain Jeparack then came forward, walked wings down to their shoulders: their brown about on the mountain, beyond the lagoa. about between the men, looked gloomily bodies were covered with dirt. They were al- On these occasions he was quite furious, and and directly before him, with wide staring ready very familiar with the ouvidor, who had barked long and without intermission towards eyes, and sung, with a tremulous voice, a them always in the room with him in order to the suspicious quarter. The Patachos, from long song, which probably described the afgain their confidence more and more. He their dark lurking places, doubtless observed front that he had received. In this manner had some persons who spoke the Botocudo us, not without wonder and dissatisfaction, the adverse parties became more and more language, and let us hear some specimens and our hunters had need of great caution not inflamed: suddenly, two of them advanced, of their singing, which resembles an inarticu- to approach them unguardedly. We often and pushed one another with the arm on the late howling. Most of these young Indians heard these savages invitate the notes of the breast, so that they staggered back, and then had lately had the small pox : they were owls (curuja), of the capueira, and other began to ply their poles. One first struck still covered all over with marks and scars, animals, especially the night-birds ; but our with all his might at the other, regardless which, as their bodies were emaciated by Indians, who were equally skilled in this art, where the blow tell: his antagonist bore the the disease, considerably increased their na never failed to distinguish the imitation from first attack seriously and calmly, without tural ugliness.

nature. A person not acquainted with it, changing countenance; he then took his The following picture of the travellers would perhaps have attempted to follow the turn, and thus they belaboured each other is interesting

call of the bird, when the arrows of the sa- with severe blows, the marks of which long

vages would have shein him his mistake. remained visible in the large wheals on their To form some idea of our mode of life at When our people danced the baduca by naked bodies. As there were on the potes Morro d'Arara, conceive a wilderness in moonlight

, and played the guitar to it, which many sharp stumps of branches which had which a company of men forms a solitary is always accompanied by the clapping of been cut off the effect of the blows was not outpost, suficiently provided by nature with hands ; this clapping was repeated by the always confined to bruises, but the blood the necessaries of life, in abundance of savages on the other side of the lagoa. The flowed from the heads of many of the combagame, fish, and good water ; but at the ouvidor, who on all occasions took much tants

. When

two of them had thus thrashed same time, by its distance from inhabited pains to gain the savages, made frequent

en- each other handsomely, two more came forplaces, entirely confined to its own resources, deavours, while we were here, to entice ward; and several pair were often seen enand obliged to be constantly on its guard thein, and called out to them Schamanih ? gaged at once: but they never laid hands on against the savage natives of the forest, by comrade) or Capitam Ney * (great chief), one another. When these combats had conwhom it is on every side surrounded.

&c. but all his endeavours were rain; though tinued for some time, they again walked Patachos, and perhaps Botocudos, prowled our Indians, whom we sent out on the about with a serious look, uttering tones of about us daily, to watch our motions ; for watch, frequently perceived by the footsteps defiance, till

heroic enthusiasm again seized se numbered between fifty and sixty able the abatis in the night, and reconnoitred our this reason we all went constantly, armed; of the savages, that they had approached them, and set their poles in motion.

Meanwhile, the women also fought valibodied men. The wood on the side of a encampment on all sides. As we ourselves antly; amidst continual weeping and howlmountain, on the bank of the lagoa, had al- expected one evening to be suddenly attack - ing, they seized each other by the hair, ready been felled, so that it lay confusedly ed, because our dogs were uncommonly un- struck with their fists, scratched with their Indians, who were particularly serviceable for easy, we were always on our guard, and nails, tore the plugs of wood out of each

other's ears and lips, and scattered them on this purpose, went out daily to work; some This is a curious coincidence with the name the field of battle as trophies. If one threw of them were furnished with axes, others of a late French Marshal &a.

her adversary down, a third, who stood be

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