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some tracts that have hitherto escaped no- , The groud thought scorne to bryog fortdi frute, And one the other welcome make tice."

in time,

with mirthe and warme good will. There is an induction, which contains some | The Vines did rotte, the blade would beare no The grounde it bryngs such blessyng forthe, pertinent remarks on Shakspeare and his corne,

that glad are forraigns all,

Amid their want and hard extreems Commentators ; after disposing of whom Like winter foule became the Sommers Prime, the author proceeds to his “ First Conver- The pleasant plotts brought forth wilde brier & in fauóur here to faull : sation.” With this, relating to Charles With Raine & storme the lande was vexed still i


Here wounded staets doe heale their harms

and straungers still repaire; Fitzgeffrey's poem on the death of Sir Fran- The ire of God the people could not shanne, When mischief makes them marche abroad, cis Drake, we shall not now meddle inore Great grewe the grøef that came by headstrong

and drine them in dišpaire. thair to quote two verses from that per will,

Here thousands haunt and find relcer, formance.

And all these plagues by proude conceit begonne, that are in heouie cace. “ Their enemies fied with such great hast,

That thought to rule perhapps past reasons lore; And friendly folke with open armes
They left their roastmeate on the spit;
Threate that who please, my muze pot framde

doeth sillie soules embrace Hens and chickens well crom'd and baste,


Here thyngs are cheape, and easly had, Tables couered ready to sitte : And agan

no soile the like can showe; Wine and suger they found good store

No state nor Kyngdome at this daie O Fraunce, who lookos ypon thy bloodie waiest, Their guests were come vnlookod Lor."

doeth in such plcntie flowe. And notes but halfe the pageant thou hast plaied, The trau'lar that hath paste the worlde, “ Vlysses with his Nauie great Will be therefore the wiser all their daies,

and gone through many a lande : In ten yeares space great valour wonne; Or at the least, will howrely bee afraied

When he comes home, and tinets these thyngs, Yet all this time did no such feate,

To plaie suche pranks as thou poore Fraunce to heauen holds vp hande; As Drake within one ydere hath doone.

hast doon :

And museth how this little plotte
Both Turk and Pope and all our fixes,

Thou hadst a tyme and wretched race to run
Doe drend this Drake where ere he gocy."
For others weale, that can good warnying take; It argues where suche graces growe,

can yeeld suche pleasures greate : Neither shall we go through the interven- The harms of thee, and so a mirrour make Thy neighbours have had laisure to regarde

that God hath blest the seate." ing conversations, which dwell largely on of thy greate doole and dulfull destinie harde.

We wish we could say as much now! the early English satirists, but content our- Can greater plagues bec seen in any soile This chapter also contains notices of selves with 'quoting from the 7th and 8th, Then reuell rage and hauocke euery waie !

Lewicke, who versified the well known such extracts as will atford fair grounds for A ciuille warre, with wicked waiste & spoile ; judging Mr. Collier as an author.

A deadlie botche that striks stoute harte by daic story of Titus and Gisippus ; of Mark. The screnth conversation turns on books And kills by night the harmles in his bedde : ham, who wrote the tragedy of “ Sir of iniscellaneons character, which may be o ciuille warre, thou hast a Hidras hedde ; Richard Grenville, Knt.;" of Constable, styled literary curiosities. 'It sets out irith A Vipers kinde, a Serpentes nature throwe,

from whom four unprinted Sonnets are Churchyard, who “

A Spider's shape, a forme of vglie Tode,
began writing in the
A Deuilishe face, a shamlesse blotted browe,

inserted; and of others, their contemreign of Edward VI., bint 1559 is the car

A bloodie hande at home & eke abrode." poraries. liest date of any extant and known performance by him, and he did not cease to pub

Churchyard's picture of Seotland is also

The last of Constable's sonnets, which are lish until after the death of Elizabeth. [A curious.

addressed “ to Sir Philip Sydney's Soule,” is very rare work of Churchyarıl's is then men

a good specimen of the poetry of the age. “Shall man that hath the reason to forbeare tioned, which seems to have been unknown Be worse then beast? Ó God that fault forbid !

Great Alurander then did well declare to Chalmers, Warton, and Ritson : Bourne Shaļl malice find a place and succour there,

How great was his united Kingdomes might, says it is called] The Miseric of Flavnders, Where Gods greate gifts ought lie like treasure

When eu'ry Captaine of his Army might Calainitie of Fraunce, Misfortune of Portu


After his death with mighty Kings compare :

So now we see after thy death, how far gall, Vnquietness of Jrelande, Troubles of Shall harts of men (the temple of the Lorde)

Thou dost in worth surpasse cach other Scotlanie: And the blessed State of Eng-Lodge, murther vile, & nourish foule discorde ?

Knight, lande. ritten by Tho. Churchyarde, Geni. Shall those that knowés what lawe & peace is

When we admire him as no mortal wight, 1579. Imprinteil at London for Andrewe Breake Lave and Peace, and breede dessention

In whom the least of all thy vertues are : Maunsell. The size, you see, is the old still?

One did of Macedon the King become, small quarto, and it consists of only 20 The trec is bad that bryngs suche braunches

Another sat on the Egiptian throne, leaves.'


But onely Alexanders selfe had all : Parts of this poem might well apply to The heddes are vaine, that showes no deeper

So curteous some, and some be liberall, circumstances within our own recollection ;


Some witty, wise, valliant, and learned some for example, on the “ Calamitie of Fraunce." The ground is nought that breeds such scratting But King of all the vertues thou alone.

brers, • Thei lost in feeld two hundreth thousande And soile not good where murther still appers.” space which we can allot to the Eighth Con

But we must apply the small remaining men, Yet still their mindes on murther ran so faste The contrast with England shall finish our versation, which treats of the novel hitherto Thei went about nothying birt bloodshed then illustration.

undiscovered, whence Shakspeare took the To fight it out, as long as life might laste; “ Here have we scope to skippe or walke,

plot of Twelfth Night. The title of the Rerenge did woorke & weaue an endlesse webbe to ronne & plaic at base;

book in which it is found is “Rich his FareDesire of will, å wofull threede did spinne, Still voide of feare, and free of mindo,

well to Militarie Profession; Conteining very The floode of hate, that neuer thinks of ebbe,

in every poincte and cace.

pleasant discourses fit for a peaceable time. A swellyng Sea of strife brought gushing in. Heere freends maie mecte and talke at will, Gathered together for the onely delight of The rooted wrathe had spred such braunches the Prince and Lawe obaied;

the courteous Gentlewomen both of Engout,

And neether strange nor home borne childe, land and Ireland, for whose onely pleasure That leaues of loue were blasted on the bowe,

of Fortune stands afraied. Yet spitfull twiggs began so faste to sprout

they were collected together, and vnto whom Here hands doe reape the seeds thei sowe, That from the harte the tree was rotten throwe.

they are directed and dedicated. Newly

and heads haue quiet sleeps; No kindly sappe did comforte any spraie,

augmented. By Barnabe Riche, Gentleman. And wisedome gouerns so the worlde, Bo'h barke & stocke and bodye did decaie :

that reason order keeps.

-Malui me diuitem esse quam vocari.— ImSo that it seemde the soile infected was Here mercie rules, and mildnesse raigns

printed at Lundon by G. E. for Thomas With malice moods that smells of mischief and peace greate plentie bryngs;

Adams, 1606." greate. And solace in his sweetest voice

· And Mr. Collier thus proceeds :: Their golden lande, waz tournde to rustic Bras, the Christmas carrowle syngs.

Morton. Was not Twelfth Night writAud eche thyng wrought, as God had curst the Here freends maie feast, and triumphe too, ten before 1606, the date of Rich's book, seate :

in suretic voide of ill;

where you say the original novel is inserted :


Bourne. No; but if it were, I could from Polimanteia, would imply that he had found most satisfactorily confirmed. The still satisfy you that the novel in this voluine translated Psalms, or at least, written some body of the history opens with various reflecwas employed by Shakespeare. However, it sacred poems. Horace Walpole, if I re- tions on the influence of · Dame Errour in seeins agreed by the commentators, who collect rightly, attributes to a kinsman of human affairs, and especially in those of have taken soine pains upon the subject, that Sir Christopher's a translation of the Psalms, love, after which it relates that Apolonius, Twelfth Night was not written until after nut printed till 1644, and Wood assigns' a worthy Duke,' a very young man, who had 1612. . Mr. Chalmers says in 1613, and Mr. them to Jerezny Taylor. It is not impossi, levied an army and served against the Turk, Tyrwhit, and after him Malone, in 1614. So ble that they were in fact the work of Lord while Constantinople was yet in the hands that 6, 7, or 8 years most likely elapsed be-Chancellor Hatton."

of the Christians, returning home after one tween the publication of Rich's work, in The author indulges in several episodes, year's rictories, was compelled, by stress of 1606, and the writing of Twelfth Niglit. * * and then returns to Rich, as follows. weather, to seek shelter in Cyprus (or CyI have never seen any other edition of Rich's Bourne. The word Discourse had a very pres as Rich calls it): he was here enterFarewel but this of 1606, but independently undefined meaning at that time : Rich uses tained very courteously by Pontus, the goof those words newly augmenteil,' I can it to express what we now call novels or vernor, who had a son named Sylvio and a decisively establish from the prefatory mat- tales, and of these there are eight in this daughter named Silla : the latter soon fell ter, that it must have been originally written sinall 4to. volume, so that they are not of desperately in love with Duke Apolonius, and printed between 1578 and 1581: if, very considerable length. In an address to and vsed' so great familiarity with him, as therefore, Twelfth Night had been our great the Readers in generall, Rich observes : her honour might well permitte, and fed him dramatic poet's first, instead of being his last. The Historics (altogeather) are eight in with such amorous baites as the modesty of play, he might still have been indebted to number, whereof, the first, the second, the a maide coul reasonably afforde.' this source.

fift, the seucnth, and eight are tales that are Elliot. Then does Silvio, brother to SilElliot. What does the prefatory matter but forged onely for delight; neither credi. la, correspond with Shakespeare's Sebastian, consist of:

ble to be beleeued, nor hurtfull to be perus- brother to Viola? Bourne. The point I refer to is established. The third, the fourth, and the sixt are Bourne. Throughout.-Apolonius makes ed, by the epistlo. To the noble svuldiours Italian Histories written likewise for plea- no return, and indeed scarcely seems to noboth of England and Ireland ;' for the au- sure by maister L. B.'

tice the attentions of the young lady, but thor says in it, ' I remember that in my last Elliot. And which of these is the founda- with the first fair wind sails hoine to Covwork, intituled the Alarum to England, Ition of Shakespeare's play?

stantinople. Thither Silla resolves to folpromised to take in hand some other thing.' Bourne. The second. The commenta- low him, and is aided in her design by l'eTherefore the Alarum to England' immedi- tors anticipated what has now fortunately dro, a faithful servant, in whose company, ately preceded what is before us, and that Ala- occurred, that the original novel of Twelfth and as whose sister, she embarks in a galley rum bears date in 1578.-In 1581 Rich pub- Night might, at some future time, be dis- that happened to be preparing to quit the lished the first volume of his ' Straunge and covered. The likeness in parts is extremely port." wonderfull aduentures of Do Simonides,' strong, and indeed there will be no room for Mr. Collier goes on to point out other coso that the Farewel' must have appeared any doubt. whether Shakespeare did or did incidencies. Silla is wrecked, but preserved between 1578 and 1581, or Rich could not noi employ it.—The history is entitled Of in a chest, which she breaks open, and have mentioned his . Alarum to England' | APOLONIƯs and Silla,' and you will find clothing herself in the male attire which it as his last work.

that throughout Shakespeare has changed contains, travels to Constantinople, and preMorton. Is there any thing else in all the names, as indeed in such cases he fre- sents herself to the Duke, who * Perceiuing the volume to confirm the opinion that ‘Rich quently did.---The argument of the story is him to be a proper sinogue young man, gaue his Farewel was first printed much earlier thus given after the title.

him entertainmente.' Silla at this time than 1606?

The Argument of the second Historie. took upon herself her brother's name. We Bourne. There is; and the proof is re “Apolonius, Dukc, hauing spent a now come to Olivia, or the lady who in markable on another account, from its refe-yeares seruice in the warres against the Turke, Riclr's novel answers to her : she is called rence to Sir Christopher Hatton, who is returning homeward with his companie by Julina, and is represented as a young beauspoken of as alive, and who died in 1591. sea was driuen by force of weather to the He tiful widow, whose husband had dica lately, He appears to have been the Maister & vp- of Cypres, where he was well received by and left her extremely rich. Shakespeare holder of Barnabe Rich, and was himself a Pontus gouernour of the same Ile, with thought it would have a better effect to de. poet. In all probability he penned the whom Silla, daughter to Pontus, fell so scribe her as a virgin whose brother was fourth act of. Tancred and Gismunda,' in strangely in loue that after Apolonius was recently deceased. "To this Larly Iulina, Dodsley's Collection, and if we may rely departed to Constantinople, Silla with one Apolonius became an earnest suter, and acupon the authority of the writer of Poliman- man followed, and comming to Constan- cording to the 'manner of woers, besides teia (who not publishing until four years af- tinople, she serued Apolonius in the ha- faire wordes, sorrowfull sighes and pitcous ter Sir C. Hatton's death (seems to have had bite of a man, and after many pretic acci- countenaunces, there must be sending of no motive to flatter), he must have been a dents falling out, she was knuirne to Apolo- louing letters, Chaines, Braceletes, Bronches, considerable poet.

* Then (says he) name nịus, who in requitall of her love married | Ringes, Tablets, Gemmes, luels and prebut Hatton, the Muses fauorite, the Church- her.”

sonts, I know not what. So my Duke who es musick, Learnings Patron, my once poore Morton. Excepting the circumstance of in the time that he remained in the lle of Ilands ornament; the Courtiers grace, the Silla serving the duke in man's attire, and Cypres, had no skill at all in the arte of Schohars countenance and the Guardes their subseqnent 'marriage, the argument Loue, although it were more then half profCaptaine.

does not indicate any other resemblance to fered vnto him, was now become a scholler ". Elliot. A fine specimen of the art of Shakespeare's play: Rich lays his scene in in Loues Schoole, and bad alreaclie learned sinking in prose, for the riclicule of a new Constantinople, but Shakespeare in Illyria. his first lesson; that is, to speake pittifully, Martinus.

Elliot. Sebastian and Olivia, or any per- to looke ruthfully, to promise largely, to Bourne. I quote it for the inference, not sons answering to them, seem entirely omit- serue diligently and to speake carefully : for the style: Sir Christopher Hatton, L. ed by Rich.

Now he was learning his second lesson, that Chancelor of England,' is inserted in the Bourne. In the argument, 'not in the is, to reward liberally, to giue bountifully, margio, and from hence it would seem that story: you would not wish to have the ar to present willingly and to write lovingly. he had written inuch more than has come gument as long and as particular as the nar- Thus Apolonius was so busied in his new studown to our time.

rative : it cannot include every thing ; not dy that, I warrant you, there was no man that Murton. Ritson only mentions an acrostic withstanding, it was merely casting iny eye could chalenge him for playing the truant, by hiin, and there is some doubt about that: over the argument that first led me to sus he followed luis professkin with so good will : the Church's : music,' in what you read pect a resemblance, which I afterwards And who must be the messenger io carric

the tokens and loue letters to the Lady lu- He that steals my purse, steals trash" | family failing may be instanced in what he lina but Siluio his man: in him the Duke is almost literally translated from an writes concerning the physicking of his new reposed his onely cofidence to goe between Italian poet of no'mean rank; and that people, him and his Lady.' the whimsical definitions of Touchstone

With regard to health, each province « Elliot. Now the resemblance begins to are to be found in the same language.

possessed a medical committee, subject to a open upon us. Bourne. And it will grow more and

Mutius, an Italian, published in 1566, with the ministry of the interior. But though

general superintendant, who was cotected more striking every minute. After some rea treatise on duelling the following this superintendant was one of the first phyflections on the cruel situation in which Silla, are the heads of some of the chapters : sicians of the country, his instructions were alias Silvio, was placed, Rich goes on thus : Of all kinds of lies that may be given. obeyed with great difficulty. The committee • Tulina now hauing many times taken the Of the lie direct.

of each province communicated with the gogaze of this yong youth Siluio, perceiuing Of the lie hypothetical.

vernment, agreably to old habits, in the him to bee of such excellent perfect grace, was Of the lie general.

manner in which one college communicates so intangeled with the often sight of this sweete Of the lie special.

with another. They seemed to think that temptation that she fell into as great a liking Of the immaterial lie.

the central point of the ministry was merely with the man, as the maister was with her

destined to collect the expression of the selfe: And on a time Siluio beyng sent from


wishes of the provinces : they consuined 400 his maister with a message to the Lady lu.

[Second Notice.)

much time in deliberating. lina, as he beganne very earnestly to solicite

“ The King projected meliorations with in his maisters behalfe, Iúlina interrupting him

After disposing of his early life, his regard to the health and salubrity of the in his tale saied: Siluio, it is enough that you Ex-Majesty proceeds to the more im

country. Subject himself to a slow and exhaue saied for your maister; from hence- portant part of his history, as connect traordinary disease from the age of 22, he forth either speake for your self or say noth-ed with the Buonapartean dynasty in had been induced to reflect on this important ing at all. Şilla, abashed to hear these Holland. We pass the preliminary object, and to convince himself of certain words, bega in her mind to accuse the blind. forms acted by deputies, &c. under the truths in this respect. Medicine is more ness of loue, that Iulina, neglecting the good authority

of Napoleon : it is sufficient than a mere name. A great number of plants vnto such a one as nature it selfe had denied to say, that the denouement was the ac- possess real virtues, and there are remedies

for many chronical diseases, 'wliilst those of to recopence her liking.'

cession of King Louis, nolens volens, this description which cannot be cured are Elliot. Ay, now we enter into the very without being consulted about the busi- either supportable, such as the gout, the heart of Shakespeare's play : Le vrai peut ness, 'in June, 1806. Upon this the rheumatism, &c. or are few in number, and quelquefois n'être pas vraisemblable, and monarch in Spite of his teeth'remarks, connected with organic defects ; but then obthis was an instance, for your assertion did (using the third person, as he does servation is difficult

. When a physician has not at first scém borne out. Bourne. I thought you were at first a

attained sufficient knowledge to enable him throughout these volume.)

to becoise useful, he dies. Diseases and the little incredulous, ; you seemed afraid of

"" The existence of Louis in France became effects of remedies Offer in the case of each coming under the ironical censure of our old every day more insupportable. Without do individual

. What care and trouble are nefriend Rabelais, * Un homme de bons sens mestic comfort ; without tranquillity ; mute cessary to guard against mistaking one sympcroit toujours ce qu’or

buy dict & qu'il trouve in the council; having no military occupa- tom for another, and to distinguish the difpar escript.' We now come to Silla's bro- tion; seeing his functions in this respect con: ferent diseases !' Reasoning is frequently bether Silvio, the Sebastian of Shakespeare: fined to the introduction of officers for the lied by experience; because, in our wonderSilvio at the time of these transactions was purpose of administering

the oath to them, ful organization, there are secrets and subtlein the interior of Africa, and was not like and visiting the military school from time to ties which escape, and will always escape all Sebastian wrecked in the same ship with Vi- time; bearing evident marks of disfavour; reasoning and research. Notwithstanding ola. Returning to Cyprus, he vows to dis- and few persons daring to visit him, he felt these circumstances, physicians'act as if their cover Silla, and after various travels, he hinzself in a state of constraint and moral science was certain. Rousseau was in the arrives at Constantinople, where as he was spasm, which he could not have any longer right when he said, Let us have medicine walking in an euening for his owne recrea: supported, if events had not torn him from without Physicians an expression full of tion on a pleasante grene yarde without the bis position of In Holland,” he said to him good sense, which perfectly

explains the dif. with the Lady Iulina, wlio likewise had been necessity, and public affairs, will wholly oc- practice, except in the case of several acute abroad to take the aire; and as she sodäinly cupy me. I shall bestow on my country all diseases, which are subject

to certain rules, cast her eyes vpon Siluío, thinking him to be the aflection, which I cannot display in my and may be said to be completely under her olde acquaintance, by reason they were 80

own family. I shall thus perhaps gradually command, is not to set out from fixed prin. like one another, as you have heard before, recover from my physical and moral deciples, as in the exact sciences, but to study said ynto him, sir, Siluio, if your hast bé pression.” not the greater, I pray you let inc haue a lit.

the effect of the remedies, and their differ

His address on receiving the crown, is ence in the same case in different constitutle talke with you, seeing 1 haue so luckily worthy of being reprinted, as a specimen of

tions. met you in this place." thc style of these days, though, unhappily

'" He would have wished to establish a colThe rest of the resemblance is traced clarations than was usual on such occasions. parts of the known world all possible reme

for Louis, he had more sincerity in his de- lege, for the purpose of collecting from all very satisfactorily; but we can only add, that the whole is worthy of the attention of lemn entry into the Hague, and soon found of them throughout the kingdom. It was

On the 23d of June, Louis made his sodies, and to diffuse and publish the knowledge the admirers (and who are not the admirers?) that the indications of oppression froin his opinion, that the measure, which is reof Shakspeare.

France, and the total negation of his purpose sorted to in times of contagion, ought to be In more minute particulars, we could of free agency for the good of Holland, were adopted for diseases in ordinary times; that instance to Mr. Collier, several curious but too deeply rooted in the system which houses of convalescence shonld be establishfacts, to show how very inadequately was to be pursued towards him. Subseed, where all deviation from the regimen and the foundations on which shakspeare quent events are prefaced by a general view diet necessary for the recovery of the patient built, have been examined by his com- cession; and his Majesty shows at least a tablish a severe critical tribunal for physicimentators. It is perhaps little known, strong desire to legislate justly and wisely on ans, to examine and decide on their conduct, for example, that the famous speech all points. A proof of the extent of this and to publish the result of that examina


tion iri a particular journal every time a man | his brother, his own work, an instrument of vessels, belonging to a nation with which died; and, on the other hand, to recom- perfidy, and of death for a whole people!!! France was at war, and with which all compense all those who should cure remarkable He endeavoured to discover other reasons, munication was prohibited. “I see nothing diseases"; to diminish the number of physici- and persuaded himself, that there were some but trading vessels ;” answered the King, ans; prohibit the sale of all medicines, which secret causes for such conduct. In the first turning his back upon him. But it appears, should not be of the first quality; to distri- place, the resemblance of the Dutch to the that this officer, to whom the King was bute them gratis to the poor, and in the vil-English might render the Emperor their greatly attached, and on whom he had conlages. He had begun, at Amsterdam, the enemy.—In the next place, said he to him- ferred the most striking marks of his favour, establishment of a royal laboratory, &c. self, he wishes, perhaps, the introduction of did not stop here, but sent to Paris an ac

“There are certain contradictions or incon- the conscription, that the Dutch, the neigh- count against him, whom he called his sistencies in society, which it is hardly possi- bours of the French, may not enjoy an ad-friend, his master, his benefactor: since a ble not to remark. For instance: What can vantage over them. And, lastly, he wishes few days after he was compelled, on the be more essential to society than good physi- a bankruptcy, because he believes that Hol- pressing instances of France, to declare war cians ? and yet those who follow the medical land will then be able to supply France abun-against Sweden ; an ill-timed act, and withprofession are so numerous ! How advanta- dantly with troops, vessels, and money.” out a motive, since this state of war had geous, therefore, would it be to diminish A remarkable communication previous to long existed. The king was desired also, considerably the number! They ought to be the Prussian war, affords a high idea of the to place all Swedish property in a state of distributed into several classes, for the pur-military talents of Napoleon. He thus writes sequestration : but to this he would not pose of pointing out to the public who are to his brother

consent." really the best, and preventing patients from “ You will make a useful diversion at We. “After the conclusion of the treaty of misplacing their confidence, as they so fre-sel (he said), where I request you to assem- Tilsit, the emperor had returned to Paris. quently do. For two other projects he felt ble your army, auginented by French troops. The king received information of it in the a warın interest, and meant to have bestowed This army will take the name of arıny of Pyrenees, as well as of the fresh complaints on them the utmost attention. The first of the North. You will manage matters so as and fresh threats against Holland. Messages these was, the ridding the country as much to induce a belief, that it is much stronger had been sent to the Hague, addressed to as possible, and by degrees, of mutilated, than it really is. If the Prussians show them- the regency, which led to a momentary bedeformed, and ricketty persons, and of all selves in Holland, and allow themselves to lief that the king was dead; but happily the children of a defective conformation, by be deceived, they are ruined. If they do not one of the couriers, whom he was in the facilitating their establishment in the colo-adopt this course, they are still ruined. practice of despatching daily, arrived, and connies, by preventing marriages between peo- Whilst they suppose that I am establishing tradicted this news. He was made acquaintple of this description, and by preventing the my line of operations parallel to them anded with the state of affairs, and hastened to settlement, or even the long residence of de- the Rhine, I have already calculated that in quit the baths, and return to Holland. formed foreigners in the kingdom. The se- a few hours after the declaration, they can "On his passing through Paris, as the cond project was, to enter into an arrange- not prevent me from outflanking their left, king paid a visit to his brother, the latter ment with other countries, for the purpose and advancing a greater force against it than told him, laughing, that he should not be of extirpating from Europe venereal diseases, they can oppose to me, and than is necessary surprised to hear of his having been informthe yellow fever, small pox, ⪙ to estab- for its destruction. When their line is once ed, that the French custom-house officers lish, for that purpose, lazarettoes; and to broken, all their efforts to afford assistance and gendarmes had entered the Dutch ter. adopt measures analogous to those resorted to their left will operate against themselves. ritories to punish the smugglers : "howto as a security against the plague. Is not Separated and cut off in their march, they ever,” he added, “this will take place imsociety established for the alleviation of the will fall successively into my lines. The re-mediately.” The king listened to nothing lot of unfortunate mortals ; a race visibly de- sults are incaleutable. Perhaps I shall be at more, withdrew, and set off in all haste. He generated, and placed here below as in a Berlin in less than six weeks. My army is reached Antwerp without stopping. Scarceplace of trial and purification.”

stronger than that of the Prussians, and ly had he arrived in this city, when he learnThere is really something ludicrous though they should even beat me at first, ed, that gendarmes in disguise had introduin these schemes : they seem more cal- they would immediately find me in their cen-ced themselves into the fortified towns of culated for burlesque royalty on the pursuing my plan,” &c. &c. tre with a hundred thousand fresh troops, Bergen-op-zoom, Breda, and Bois-le-duc;

had arrested an individual in each, under stage, than for bona fide kingship in real The battle of Jena fully confirmed the pretence of smuggling; and had carried life! Yet the intentions of Louis were ability of these dispositions, and the sound them off to France, to the disgrace of the pure, though his head's weakness is foundation for these anticipations. local magistrates and gárrisons. The king's

The second volume is more important indignation was extreme. He removed not a little demonstrated by such ab- than entertaining, being chiefly filled with general Paravicini de Capelen, governor of sürdities.

political documents belonging to 1807–8. Bergen-op-zoom, who had been the dupe of The manner in which Napoleon persecuted | We however seleet a few characteristic traits. the gendarmes, and ordered him to be Holland, and endeavoured to make his bro “One of the greatest works in Holland is brought to trial before the proper judges. ther the agent of his tyranny, is absolutely the Niew-Diep, formed by a wooden pier, He dismissed the president of Breda also : incredible. One extract will display it in full which its skilful engineer has contrived to but in spite of all he could say or do, he force ; and English readers will find, in italics, answer the purpose of deepening the har- could not obtain in France the liberty of the a singular reason assigned for the hatred bour, by keeping back the ebb tide. Dutchmen, who had been carried off; and which the ci-devont Emperor entertained to On this inspection the king conceived the who, having been conveyed to Paris, rewards the Dutch.

design of removing the naval dockyard, now mained there several years. Among them The King was frequently unable to re- at Amsterdam, to this spot, and of making was an infirm and very respectable old man, press a painful foreboding with respect to the the Helder a place of strength; a business who could not obtain his liberty till after intentions and sentiments of his brother to- of no difficulty, but expensive.

this period, and by means of a ransom. wards him; but he in vain attempted to dis While he was in the road of the Texel, ob-To the statement of these facts the king can cover the object of them. The thought, that serving the manoeuvres of the squadron, he add nothing, and ought not." he, perhaps, wished to unite Holland to his saw several vessels enter, some Americans, Napoleon's proposal, to transfer Louis dominions through him, and by making a others Swedes. One of the great officers of from Holland to Spain, is a curious sacrifice of him, frequently came across his his household, astonished to see the flag of document, mind; but he could not bring himself seri- the latter nation, withi which the French ously' to entertain this idea. How could he were at war, asked him

with a respectful emperor had sent a courier to the king of

As early as the 27th of March, 1808, the believe, that he wished to make his name, but malignant look, if he had observed these Holland, with the following letter.



in arins, and fifty ships in her harbours of the supernatural forewarnings of the luminous globe in the air, which did not

“My brother; the king of Spain has, had been forced upon the throne, to ruin it, hearse has just now passed us.” M. Dal.... just abdicated. The Prince of the Peace and the country also.

looked round, and then turning to his comhas been put into prison. The cominence On the 7th of June king Joseph received panion, said, “ You are mistaken ; it ment of an insurrection has broken out at the congratulations of the different bodies of the Duc de Berri's carriage."-"Indeed !" Madrid. On this occasion my troops were the Spanish government. He made known said Madame M.... with strong emotion, forty leagues from Maririd ; the Grand Duke his accession by a proclamation of the 11th how singular, that I should have taken it of Berg inust have entered the place on the of June. He confirmed Prince Murat in his for a hearse !" 23rd, with forty thousand men. To this office as lieutenant-general of the realm. We are informed by one of his late Royal moment the people are calling for me aloud. Assured that I shall have no firm pence with

Thus we see, that as of lords, it is Highness's grooms, that the Prince's fa- , of kings

vorite horse, did nothing but neight and start England, but by impressing a grand inotion

during the night of the 13th of February. on the continent, I have resolved to place a "A breath can make them, as a breath has made.'

It is remarkable, that several Dues de French prince on the throne of Spain. The We shall reserve the third volume Berri have suffered a melancholy death. climate of Holland does not agree with you. for another notice.

Louis XVI. was a Duc de Berri. Besides, Holland cannot extricate itself

At the Pension Royale of St. Denis, a from its difficulties. In the whirlwind of


young woman dreamt, on the 13th of Fethe world, whether peirce take place or not,

bruary, that she received a crown of white, it cannot sustain itself. In this state of af

We translate the annexed from a

roses froin his Majesty, and that after pluck-'s fairs I have thought of you for the throne of French publication, as an example of the ing off the flowers and the leaves, she placed Spain. You will be the sorereign of a gene superstitious opinions which even in our the thorns on the head of the august widow : rous nation of eleven millions of men, and times prevail, to a considerable degree, of the most unfortunate of Princes. of important colonies. With economy and in an otherwise enlightened country

The audience, on quitting the Bourdeaux activity Spain may have sixty thousand men The subject, it will be seen, is a record Theatre on the 13th of February, beheld a me , what is your opi.

until -break. nion of this project? You will be aware, that murder of the Duc de Berri.

On the same night, a peasant of La Venit is yet but a project; and that, though I In ancient as well as modern times, on dée three-tiines heard the cry: to arms ! have a hundred thousand men in Spain, it is the approach of one of those events which and three times he jumped up to seize his possible, froin the circumstances that may change the destiny of nations, people have sword. superrene, that I shall march directly, and imagined the accustomed harmony of the M. G..., who died a few days after the settle every thing in a fortnight, or that I universe to be broken, and that forebodings Prince, had a inost singular drean. The shall proceed more slowly, and that it may of a glooiny or a cheering nature, announced noble Peer, whom His Royal Highness liobe the secret of several months' operations. what they had cither to hope or to fear. nored with his friendship, dreamt, on the Answer me categorically: if I name you These forebodings, real or imaginary, 11th of January, that as he was standing king of Spain, will you agree to it? máy 1 serve at least to show the importance which with His Royal Highness at one of the win-, depend upon you? As it is possible, that people attach to certain events : thus for in- dows of the Castle of the Tuileries, they your courier may no longer find me in Paris, stance, the various miracles which took place observed a magnificent procession advancing and must then traverse Spain amid chances at Rome previous to the assassination of towards the Louvre. A hearse richly decothat cannot be forescen, answer me simply Cæsar, enable us to judge of the horror rated, and drawn by eight horses having apthese two words : I received your letter of which the death of that great wan excited peared in sight, the Prince asked ;="Whose such a date, ny answer is yes; and then I among the Romans; and the phantom which funeral is that?” on which M. G.... replied, shall reckon on your acting as I wish : or no, appeared to Brutus, on the eve of the battle " it is yours, Prince :" in a few moments, which will imply, that you do not agree to in which he lost his life, proves how the another hearse, less rich than the first ap-. my proposal. You may afterwards write a attention of Rome was fixed on that event, peared, and M, G ..... having in his turn leiter giving your opinion at large on the which buried the republic in the toinb of asked who was to be buried ? the Prince repart you take, and address it under cover to Brutus. Finally, when we call to mind the plied, “ It is you, Count.” When M. G.... your wife at Paris. If I be there, she will forebodings which tormented Henry IV., on related this dream to His Royal Highness, give it me ; if not, she will return it to you. the very morning of his assassination, it is the latter laughed.

“Let nobody into your confidence, and natural to conclude that France, when she An officer of the Royal Guaril dreamt, do not mention the subject of this letter, I beheld the death of the conqueror of the on the 13th of February, that a red cap was entreat you, to any person whatever; for a League, could not but fear that the Leaguc fixed on the top of the Opera House ; he was thing should be done, before we ayow having would again take up arms.

roused by the rolling of the thunder which he thought of it, &c."

The Duc de Berri, the august victim of fancied he heard, and which, in his dream, The surprise of the king cqualled his in the ferocity of Lourel, has drawn down as appeared to destroy the Opera House, and dignation at receiving a proposal, which he inany tears as the victim of Ravaillac ;, and the cap of the ycar 93. considered as impolitic, unjust, and shame, the signs wlrich announced the death of the The following is an anonymons letter ful. It has been seen, that he was on terms late Prince, are now the theme of conversa- which the Duc de Berri received an hour of friendship with Charles IV. He refused, tion in France,

before he went to the Opera, and, to which therefore sharply. “I am not the governor The furebodings, dreams, and visions, he unfortunately paid no attention. of a province :" he said on this subject. which preceded the death of the Duc de Monseigueur, ---Do not venture out with“For a king there is no promotion but to Berri, have lately been collected and pub-out an escort. A poignard is raised against heaven: all are equal. With what face can lished in a little pamphlet, from which we you. Your confidence will prove fatal to - I go to demand an oath of fidelity from extract the following,

Preserve your life for the sake of another people, if I do not remain faithful On the 13th of February, Madame M... France, of which you are the idol and the to that, which I took to Holland, when I was walking in the Faubourg St. Honoré at hope. Distrust particularly fair men! ascended the throne ?". In consequence his the time when the Duc de Berri's carriage A respectful admirer of your Royal answer was a direct refusal. passed on its way to the Opera, Some un

Highness's virtues. Another article hurt him severely. He accountable fancy or horrible presentiment

A Frenchman. was convinced anew of what he endeavoured led her to observe to the Chevalier Dal, ..., in vain to conceal from himself. These who accompanied her, “ I did not know ARTS AND SCIENCES. words: “ The climate of Holland does not that funerals were suffered to take place at agree with you : besides, it is ruined beyond this late hour." " Funerals !” exclaimed recogery :" incontestably proved, that he M. Dal.... Yes," added the lady,,“ a On Wednesday, Mr. Campbell resumed



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