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enough to have allowed them to reach the smoke in the cabin, with the doors closed, 1 appear as profusc of gravy as if it had been shore of this long lost country.

was so intolerable, that we were under the but recently killed. But the most surprisSome of the particulars respecting necessity of giving free admission to the ex. ing action of the frost, on fresh provithe polar ice, are remarkable. For ternal air to prevent it. The consequence sion, is in preserving it a long time from example

was, that in front of a brisk fire, at the dis- putrefaction, even if it is thawed and re

tance of a yard and a half from it, the tem- turns into a warm climate*. I have eaten Bay ice, which for weeks has been an in- peratue was 25° ; water spilt on the table unsalter mutton and beef nearly five months creasing pest to the whale fisher, is some- froze, and, indeed, congelation took place old, which has been constantly exposed to times removed in the space of a few hours. in one situation, at the distance of only two a temperature above the freezing point for The destruction is in many cases so rapid, feet from the store. Hoar-frost also appear- four or five weeks in the onset, and occathat to an unexperienced observer, the oc- ed in the sailor's bed cabins, arising from sionally assailed by the septical influences of currence seems incredible, and rather an il- their breath, and was deposited upon their rain, fog, heat, and electricity, and yet it lusion of fancy, than a matter of fact. Sup- blankets.

bas proved perfectly sweet. pose a ship immoreably fixed in bay-ice, and Ellis, who wintered in Hudson's Bay in A further antiseptical effect is provluced not the smallest opening to be seen : after | 1741-7, in a creek of Haye's River, latitude by the cold of the polar countries, on animal a lapse of time suflicient only for a moderate 57° 30', remarked sereral curious effects of and vegetable substances, so as to preserve repose, imagine a person rising from his cold. In the creek where the vessel lay, them, if they remain in the same climate, bed, -when," behold, the insurmountable much ice appeared on the 5th of October; unchanged for a period of many years. It obstacle has vanished ! instead of a sheet of on the 8th it was covered with a sheet of ice ; is observalle,” says Wartens, in lis“ ice expanding unbroken to the verge of the and on the 31st, the river was frozen over age to Spitzbergen," " that a dead carcase horizon on every side, an undulating sea re- quite hard. By the 31 of November, bottled dith not easily roi or consumne, for it has lieves the prospect, wherein floats the wreck beer, though wrapped in tow and placed been found, that a man buried ten years lieof the ice, reduced to a small fraction of its near a good constant fire, was found to be tore, still retained his perfect slipe and original bulk!

frozen solid; and in tlie course of the winter, dress.” An instance corroboratire of this The atmospherology of this region is beer casks placed in the ground, at the depth remark is given by M. Bleart, who, in his perhaps more extraordinary. Captain of them burst'; many of the sailors had their dies of seven Dutch seamen, who perish

of several feet, froze almost solid, and some Ailas llistoriqur, informs 11s, that the boS, relates that

faces, cars, and toes frozen; iron adhered ed in Spitzbergen in the year 1635, when In the year 1814, when a temperature of to the fingers; glasses (ised in drinking stuck attempting to pass the winter there, were zero occurred, we reached the latitude of 70°, to the month, and sometimes reinoved the found twenty years afterwards, by some saiwithout experiencing any cold below 30° ; skin from the lips or tongue : and, a sailor, lors who happened to land about the place but in less than twenty-four hours, the ther- who inadvertently used his finger for stopping where they were interred, in a perfect state, momcter fell 25°, and indicated a tempera- a spirit bottle, in place of a cork, while re- not having suffered the sivalle-t degree of ture of 50. Thus, between the time of my moving it froin the house to his tent, had putrefaction. leaving the deck at niglit, and arising the his finger fast frozen in the bottle ; in conse Wood and other vegetable substances are following morning, there was an increase in quence of which, a part of it was obliged to preserved in a similar manner. During my the cold of about 20°. This remarkable be taken off, to prevent mortification. exploration of the shores of Spitzbergen, in change was attended with singular effects. The antiseptical property of frost is ra- the year 1818, several hints, and some cofThe circulation of the blood was accelerated. ther remarkable. Animal substances, re- fins built entirely of wouil, were observed. -a sense of parched dryness was excited inquisite as food, of all descriptions, (fish ex- One of the latter appeared, by an adjoining the nose,—the mouth, or rather lips, were cepted), may be taken to Greenland, and inscription, to contain the houy of a native contracted in all their dimensions, as by a there preserved any length of time, without ot Britain, who had died in the year 1789; sphincter, and the articulation of many being smoaked, dried, or salted. No pre- and theigh the coftin had lain completely words was rendered difficult and imperfect; paration, indeed, of any kind, is necessary exposeil, excepting when covered with snow, indeed, every part of the body was more or for their preparation, nor is any other pre- (uring a period of thirty years, the wood of less stimulated or disordered by the severity cantion requisite, excepting suspending them which it was composed, not only was unof the cold. The hands, if exposed, woult in the air when taken on shipboard, shield- decayel, but appeared quite fresh and new. have been frozen in a few minutes ; and even ing them a little from the sun and wet, and It was painted red; and the colour even the face could not have resisted the effects of immersing them occasionally in sea-water, seemed to be but lit:le fadel. Things of a a brisk wind, continued for any length of or throwing sea-water over them after sinilar kinil, indeed, have been inet with time. A piece of metal when applied to the healy rains, which will effectually prerent in Spitzbergen, which have resisted all intongue, instantly adhered to it, and could putrescency on the outward passage; and in jury from the weather during the lapse of a not be removed without its retaining a por: Greenland, the cold becomes a sutlicient pre-century. tion of the skin; iron became brittle, and servative, by freezing them as hard as blocks There is nothing remarkable in the apsuch as was at all of inferior quality might of wood. 'Beef, mutton, pork, and fowls, pearance of the sun at midnighi, excepting, be fractured by a blow; brandy of English (the latter neither plucked nor drawn,) are that when its altitude is very small

, it may manufacture and wholesale strength, was constantly taken uut from England, Shetland, be viewed with the naked cje, without profrozen; quicksilver, by a single process, or Orkney, and preserved in this way. ducing any painful sensation; but when it is might have been consolidated; the sea, in When used, the beef cannot be divided but inore iban four or five degrees above the hosome places, was in the act of freezing, and by an axe or a saw; the latter instrument is rizon, it generally appears as effulgent as in others apper red to smoke, and produced, generally preterred. It is then put into cold with the saine clevation in Britain. The in the formation of frost-rime, an obscurity water, from which it derives heat by the force of the sun's rays is sometimes remarkgreater than that of the thickest fog. 'The formation of ice around it, and soon thaws; subtile principle of magnetism seemed to be, but if put into hot water, much of the gravy

* in the year 1808, a leg of mutton which in some way or other, influenced by the frost; is extracted, and the meat is injured with was taken out to Greenland in the ship Resolufor the deck compasses became sluggish, or out being thawed more readily. If an at- tion, returned to Whitby unsalted. It was then even motionless, while a cabin compass tra- tempt be made to cook it before it is thair- allowed to remain on board of the ship, exposed versed with celerity. The ship became en- ed, it may be burnt on the outside, while the thermoineier in the shade was as high as 800.

to the sun during two remarkably hot days, when veloped in ice; the bows, sides, and lower the centre reinains raw, or actually in a fro-After this, it was presented to an epicure in the rigging were loaded ; and the rudder, if not zen state. The moisture is well preserved town; and althongh it was reduced to about repeatedly freeil

, would, in a short time, by freezing, a little from the surface only half its original dimensions by the loss of fat, have been rendered immoveable. A consi- evaporating, so that if cooked when three, &c. it was declared, when cooked, to be the derable swell at this time prevailing, the four, or five months old, it will frequently most exquisite morsel that he had ever tasted.

able. Where they fall upon the snow-clad | the streams of water derived from thawing I cansed marbles to be broken, mutilated and surface of the ice or land, they are, in a ice and snow, or the fall of ruin ; the reddish buried, after haring copied the characters great measure, reflected, without producing colour, as far as I have observed, is given by carved on them.* This barbaro's proceeding any material elevation of temperature; but the mute of birds ; though, in the example may have been suggested to Fourmont by a when they impinge on the black exterior of a met with by Captain Ross in Baffin's Bay, inistaken zcal, to insure to his country the ship, the pitch on one side occasionally be the stain appears to have been of a vegetable honour of being the first to publish such rare comes fluid, while ice is rapidly generated nature. The little ank (Alea alle,) which monuments; but people rather saw in it a on the other; or wbile a thermometer, feeds upon slurimps, is found, in some parts precaution to conceal his frauds, and to deplaced against the black paint work on of the polar seas, in immense numbers. stroy the traces of his iinposture. which the sun shines, indicates a tempera- They frequently retreat to pieces of ice or

These doubts wore already much cliffused ture of 80 or 90 degrees, or even more, on surfaces of snoiv, and stain them all over red in the learned world, and the prejudice (for the opposite side of the ship a cold of 20 with their mute. Martens saw red snow in we may call by this name an opinion, the degrees is sometime found to prevail. Spitzbergen, which he considered as being grounds of which had not been duly weigh

This remarkable force of the sun's rays, stained by rain-water running down by the cd) against the authenticity of the inscripis accompanied with a corresponding inten- rocks.

tions of Fourmont began to take root, when sity of light. A person placed in the centre In our next we shall extract some of a learned English bellenist, M. R Payne ofʻa field or other compact body of ice, un- the most interesting zoological intelli- Knight, at the end of his book on the Greek experiences such an extraordinary intensity other inhabitants of the polar regions. der a cloudless atmosphere and elevated sun, gence, connected with the whule and Alphabct

, attacked in form the inscriptions

of Sparta aud Amyclæ, which are the most of light, that, if it be encountered for any

ancient. As he had made no use of the inlength of time, is not only productive of a

scriptions of Fourmont in the courso of his most painful sensation in the eyes, but sometimes of temporary, or even, as I have ANALYSIS OF TIE JOURNAL DES Sayans, work, he thought himself called upon to

explain the reasons which had induced him heard, of permanent blindness. Under

FOR DECEMBER, 1819.

entirely to neglect them. such circumstances, the use of green glasses | Art. I. Deux Lettres, &c. Two Letters to Ilitherto the argunents of Mr. R. P. affords a most agreeable relief. Some of Lord Aberdeen, on the Authenticity of Knight had remained unanswered: the authe Indians in North America defend their the Inscriptions of Fourmont, by M. Raoul thority of so distinguished a writer had not a eyes by the use of a kind of wooden specta Rochette.

little contributed to contirm the opinion alcles, having, instead of glasses, a narrow M. Fourinont, member of the Academy rearly established; and the inscriptions of perpendicular slit, opposite to each eye. of Inscriptions and Belles Lettres, was Fourmont, instead of enriching the number This simple contrivance, which intercepts, commissioned by Louis XV. to travel through of printed collections of this kind, have perhaps, nine-tenths of the light that would Greece, to collect inscriptions, fragments of remained buried in the port-folios of the reach a naked eye, prevents any painful antiquity, and manuscripts. This academi- Royal Library. consequences from the most intense reflec- cian employed three years on his travels, Within a few years, however, more favortion of light that ever occurs.

and came back with a rich harvest of monu- able opinions were beginning to be enterThe state of the winds is very ments of all kinds. His return made a great tained of these inscriptions: the letters which curious.

sensation ; people conceived rather ex- had appeared the most strange, the forins Advancing towards the polar regions, we aggerated hopes of the result of his journey.; of specch which had seemed the most susfind the irregularities of the winds increased, and he hiinself, it must be owned, did not picious, were found again upon Grecian and their locality more striking :-storins a little contribute to encourage these hopes, vases, medals, and marbles, which were and calms repeatedly alternate, without warn- from not having a very clear idea of the va gradually discovered. The inscriptions which ing or progression; forcible winds blow in lue of the inonuments which he had brought Fourinont took for a copy of the laws of one place, when at the distance of a few with himn. He soon went so far as to flatter Solon, were found to be extremely curious leagues, gentle breezes prevail ;-a storm himself with possessing an ancient copy of inscriptions relative to the internal governfrom the south, on one hand, exhausts its the laws of Solon. Nobody, howerer, en- ment of Athens, and shewing the same pecuimpetuosity upon the gentle breeze, blowing tertained any doubt of the veracity of the liarities of language and orthography as the from off the ice, on the other, without prevail- traveller, and of the authenticity of the in- Choiseul marbles, discovered since the death ing in the least ;-ships within the circle of scriptions which composed his collection. of Fourmont; their authenticity could not be the horizon may be seen enduring every va- Illustrious men of letters, Freret, Torre- liable to the smallest doubt. "As the falseriety of wind and weather at the same mo- muzza, Barthelemy, the authors of the hood of the whole had been inferred from a ment; some under close-reefed topsails, la “Nouvelle Diplomatique ” Pacciaudi Lanzi small number of doubtful traits, people were bouring under the force of a storin; some quoted, translated and enumerated with con- now inclined to believe the authenticity of the becalmed and tossing about by the violence fidence some of these inscriptions.

greater part of these inscriptions, from the of the waves ; and others plying under gentle

That spirit of scepticisin, however, which incontestible authenticity of some of them, breezes, from quarters as diverse as the car- had endeavoured tv cast doubts on monu

so that the Academy of Berlin had an exact dinal points. The cause of some of these ments which are placed bicyond the reach of at-copy taken, which it preserves in its arphenomena, has, in the last chapter, been tack, such as the inscriptions of Cyriac of An-chives, and’intends to publish. referred to the frigorific influences of the ice, cona, the famous eugubian tables, and even

Meantime the disliculties raised by Mr. R. the accuracy of which opinion, experience trying to inpugn the inscriptions of Four- persons"; though allowing the authenticity and observation confirm.

Lightening seldom occurs to the northward mont. The form (then without authority) of a great number of these inscriptions, reof the arctic circle, and when it does, is of the letters which were met with in some of tained their doubts respecting the most anhardly ever accompanied by thunder. Hail those inscriptions ; the peculiarities of lan- cient ; namely those of Sparta and Amyclæ ; is very rarely seen; a fact which tends to guage they contained, and which it was diffi- and persisted in believing that the objections prove the electrical origin of that aqueous cult to explain ; some new facts which were of Mr. R. P. Knight were unanswerable. concretion. Snow falls almost daily in April, thought to be contradictory to facts well Lord Aberdeen, in a letter, which Mr. T. May, and June. Its particles are astonish- known, were so many reasons to suspect Walpole has inserted in his Memoirs relative ingly varied, and most wonderful in their Fourmont of having designed to impose on forms, when viewed through the microscope. the learned world, by monuments forged

* Mr. Dodwell, in his Travels in Greece (Vol. I. Snow of a reddish or brownish colour is according to his own fancy: What espe- r. 406.

) informs us that the remembrance of this not unfrequently seen. The brownish stain cially contributed to give weight to this opi- infamous proceeding of Fourmont is still prewhich occurs on shore, is given by an earthy nion, was a letter from Fourmont to M. de served in the environs of Sparta. See Lit. Gaz. substance brought from the mountains, by Maurepas, in which he confesses haring of last year.

GERMAN DRAMA.

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to Turkey, has very lately revived a part of more remote Spitzbergen, to chase the white | There did I stretch my arms for thee ;
them.
bear, &c.

Then, as the silver radiance of the moon
It is on occasion of this letter that Mr. After the brig had reached 72° 2' North Played on my forehead, and the night-breeze
Raoul Rochette has been induced to address, latitude, and 50° 8' East longitude (irom

cooled to Lord Aberdeen two letters, in which he ex. Greenwich,) and had surveyed some points Then thou wert truly mine ! and then I felt

The fever of my brow, then thou wer't mine; amines, one by one, and repels the assertions of the coast, the season for navigating

those Thy near approach, and Sappho's image swam of Mr. R. P. Knight. The general impression seas being passed, she returned to Archangel. Upon the light and lovely clouds of heaven. which results from the reading of these letters in sailing in different directions between the And when my father sent me to the games is, that Mr. Knight has suffered himself to ice, the brig reached 73° 26' North latitude, of famed Olympia, how some inward voice .be carried rather too far by the desire of in longitude 48° 54' East from Greenwich, In whispers told me Sappho should bear off taking from the inscriptions of Fourmont all on the 9th of August. The thermometer Th’immortal wreath of music and of song! authority; which alone can explain how in- of Reaumur fell on that day froin half a de- How my heart burned within me with desire, accurate and false assertions can have es- gree above, to two and a half deg. below To see her lovely form ! My courser sunk caped a man so ingenious and so well in- zero. Three of the crew died during the Exhausted ere Olympia rose before me. formed. royage ; and on their return to Archangel, The wrestler's

art, nor the disk's joyous game, After this introduction Mr. Letronne en on the 4th September, 0. S., there were ters into a detailed examination of Mr. R. only six of the sailors able to do the duty of Could entrance win into my prisoned soul. Rochette's refutation of the opinion of Mr. the ship, so that the officers were obliged to I was to gain the luvliest and the best, Knight; he thinks that the author of the perform the duty of sailors.

In secing her who was the crown of women. letters has shewn Mr. R. P. Knight's objec

But when the great and awful day arrived, tions to be ill-founded. It must be observed

Destined to view the rivalry of song, that Mr. R. Rochette does not in any way

The name of Grillparzer, though not very Alcæus and Anacreon stood forth, prejudge the question of the authenticity of familiar to English ears, is heard with plea- But sang in vain; they could not loose the spell the inscriptions of Fourmont. The forın of sure in the literary circles of Gerinany; and That bound my senses up. But, hark! the his work is wholly negative; he combats the though the author is a young man, he has voice arguments that have been used against their made considerable progress in public opi- of mingled murmur rises from the throng, authenticity; he merely seeks to place the nion. · Of all his productions, that which That separating leave a vacancy. question on the same footing as it was be- seems to have excited the greatest admira- She comes! she comes' and in her hand a lyre fore an unfavourable prejudice had arisen tion, is a tragedy founded on the classic of polished gold., Above the multitude, and taken root. He wishes it may be be story of Sappho and Phaon. From the en- Mute with astonishment, she stood : her robe lieved that Fourmont was a man of no great thusiasm with which it has been

received on Showed like a streamlet o'er a bed of lilies. ability, but not a forger; leaving it to a fu- the continent, we are gratified in being able Green palm

of laurel interwoven, formed ture time to furnish positive proofs of the to announce that a translation of it is on the The border of her robe, and imaged glory: veracity of that traveller.

ere of publication, by a gentleman whose Happy device! that thus at once expressed
name is not unknown in the literary world. The poet's object and his recompence.

We have been favoured with the following ex- And, like the crimson-coloured clouds of inorn, ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE. tracts from this play, and submit them to our Veiling the bright pavilion of the sun,

readers, in the supposition that they may A purple mantle fowed around her shoulders ; create an interest in them to peruse the While thro' the raven tresses of her forehead,

whole. Phaon is giving an account of the Shone her white brow, whose arch of majesty Lieutenant Lasarew, of the Imperial Navy, impression which the first sight of Sappho Something within me Whispered it was she: who made a voyage last year into the Frozen

It was thyself! How the rejoicing throng Ocean, with the brig Nowaja Semlja, has I cannot but remember that thy form

Confirmed my fond imaginings, and raised just published an account of his expedition. Whene'er this trembling hand dared touch the Then came thy song, and with it victory.

The name of Sappho to the clouds of heaven! The brig was fitted out at Archangel. crew consisted of tifty persons, including the When, mid the joyous circle of my friends,

lyre.

And, in the moment of extatic rapture, Commander Lasarew, two lieutenants, a

When from thy hand the lyre down dropped, I Within the precincts of my parents' hearth inidshipman, a surgeon, pilot, &c. The

rushed I sat, Theano, my good sister, brought brig sailed from Archangel June 9th, 0. S. Thy songs, enshrined among the household gods,

Through the close multitude, and caught thine The plan was, to go first to Waygatz Straits, Toʻsing thy glorious minstrelsy, 0 Sappho !

eye,

Then shrunk abashed, -and covered with conand then to sail round Nova Zembla, and Howfquickly childhood's self was mute, and how, fusion. take a survey of the coast. After incredible How the girls circled round, solicitous Thou know'st the sequel better than myself, difficulties, with which they had to contend That not one honied syllable be lost.

For still I seem wrapt in a reverie, owing to the immense accumulation of But when she, breathless with emotion, sang

And ask myself what is reality, ice, they at length reached the entrance of In glowing numbers of the love-sick youth,

And what the splendid colouring of a vision ! Waygatz Straits, on the 27th of July; but All the fond praises of the queen of love,

The other extract is from the last scene, were unable to enter it, on account of the And of the maid who wept the livelong night,

where, previous to her precipitating herself ice. The coast was frequently seen from Each bosom with desire; how did they chide How did attention charm each ear, and swell

into the sea, she generously gives the hand the vessel ; but it was so blocked up with Each breath of air that seemed an interruption of Phaon to her rival. solid ice that it was impossible to go on Then did Theano, resting on her arm, shore. The continued fogs and the cold With eye upturned on vacancy, exclaim,

O ye, the sacred denizens of heaven!

Who have endowed me with such numerous proved injurious to the health of the crew. What are the features of this wondrous woman? blessings, The navigators did not discover any sign of Methinks e’en now I see her: by the Gods ! The gift of song, and all its inspiration ; vegetation : the country was covered with I'd point her out, though mingled with a thou- A heart to feel, a mind to think, and power snow. It seems indeed that there is a greater sand.

To image to myself a form like his. accumulation of iee in that part of the sea thau Then was the chain of every tongue set loose, Ye have endowed ine with these noble gifts, there formerly was; for the Russian hunters And each one put his fancy on the rack And for these blessings, I return yc thanks. do not go to Nova Zembla, but rather to the To deck thee with some lovely attribute :

Ye've sown my poetry in distant realms, One gave Minerva's eye, one Hebe's arm, To bud and blossom to eternity. This is the opinion of Messrs. R. Rochette A third the magic girdle of love's queen. My golden songs are on the tongues of strangers, and Letronne; from whom, with all due humi- | But I alone arose, and wandered forth

And only with the earth my fame shall perish. lity, we beg leave most essentially to differ.- Into the silent solitude of night,

I thank ye! Ye have given your poetess Edit, L G.

Where Nature's .puke seemed sweetly slum- To sip, but drink not of life's flower-crownćd bering;

cup.

RUSSIAN EXPEDITION TO THE FROZEN

OCEAN.

1

made upon

Scrap.

HISTORICAL PORTRAITS.

And now,

Lo! here I stand, obedient to your mandates, IRON BOAT.-A passage boat of malleable The whole number of Degrees in Lent And from my lips dash down the flower-wreath- iron now plies on the Forth and Clyde Canal. Term was—D. D. three ; D. Med. three ; ed cup

It is called The Vulcan, and succeeds to ad- B. D. ten ; M. A. incorp. one ; M. A. twenty; I bave e'er done as you commanded me;

miration. The length is 63 feet; beam, B. A. thirty-four. Deterininers one hundred Deny ine not life's final recompence. Those who belong to you know not disease,

13 feet; depth, 5 feet ; draught of water and ninety-nine. Matriculations, one hunKnow not the weaknesses of mortal sickness ;

when launched, 22 inches abaft, and 19 | dred and sixteen. In the full prime and blossom of existence,

inches forward—when fitted with cabins, &c. CAMBRIDGE, March 31. You summon them to your celestial mansions.

37 and 25 inches-when laden with 200 Sir Charles Smith, of Trinity College, Grant that my destiny be like to theirs ! passengers and their baggage, under 48 was on Friday last admitted to the degree Oh, suffer not your priestess to become inches, on an even keel. The weight of iron of Honorary Master of Arts. A name of scorn unto your enemies,

cmployed was twelve tons, ni cwt. which To fools, who in their own conceit are wise ! is less than a wooden vessel of the same di

FINE ARTS. You have destroyed the flower-break now the mensions. The iron is of the kind called

stem !
Oh let me finish life as I began it;

Dr. Marcet has confirmed by experiment
Preserve me from the terrors of this trial,
Dr. Wollaston's hypothesis, that all sea-

The present exhibition of the British inI feel myself too weak to wrestle longer;

water contains a sinall portion (say

1-2000th Give me my crown, acquit me in the field,

stitution in Pall Mall, is to be followed by (With an air of inspiration.) part) of potash. Dr. W. thinks it exists in another, which will prove highly gratifying The flame of yonder altar burns more bright; the state of sulphate.

to the public. The Directors intend to form Aurora bursts from the unfolding east; -

AMBER.—Dr. Brewster maintains, from a collection of the portraits of as many of At last my prayers are heard ; je gods, I thank a multitude of examinations, that amber is the eminent characters connected with the ye!

an indurated vegetable juice. Come Phaon and Melitta! here!-A friend Coal Gas.---Mr. Clegg has contrived a

English History as they can get together; of From a far country kises thee.

new apparatus, by which he can produce course they do not profess to be able to (Kissing Phaon's brow.) 25,000 cubic feet of coal-gas from one chal- obtain a compleat series ; but from what Thy mother

dron of Newcastle Wall's-End coal, without we learn, a sufficient number has been alFrom the tomb sends this kiss to thee.

generating either tar or arnmoniacal liquor; (Kissing Melitta.)

being 15,000 cubic feet more than was for: ready offered to insure a highly interesting Here at the altar of immortal Venus.

merly produced. The coal is introduced by exhibition. We imagine that every person Let the dark fate of love be consummated. a mechanical process, in strata, not exceed who has a well authenticated portrait in his

(Hurries towards the altar ) ing half an inch in thickness. In this way possession, of any distinguished ancestor, [Rhamnos, one of her attendants.] the retorts are kept at a uniform heat, and will be ready to lend it for the purpose What do I sec ? what inspiration breathes the coal is completely and rapidly decomOver her features ? The celestial splendour posed ; so that the whole of the hydrogen

above-inentioned. Of the immortals seems to circle round her! combines with the charcoal, constituting ole(Sappho hurries to an elevation of the shore, fiant gas ; and the matter which usually es- ring another week. We intended to have

The British Gallery will continue open dia stretches forth her hands, and blesses caped in the form of tar and ammoniacal concluded our critique with some notice of

the Lovers.] Give love to men and reverence to the gods !

liquor, is also perfectly decomposel. The the sculpture, and a few general remarks ; Enjoy your blessings, but forget not Sappho !

expence of producing 50,000 cubic feet of gas but our limits forbid. Thus I discharge the final debt of life

in 24 hours, on the old plan, is 38171. ; upBless them, ye Gods : and take me to yourselves! on the new plan, 11231.; and the expence Royal ACADEMY.-Sir Thomas Law. [She precipitates herself from the rook.] of producing an equal quantity of light from rence has been elected President of the oil, 19,0101.

Royal Academy, in the room of the late Mr.

West. Though more generally known as a ARIS AND SCIENCES.

portrait than as a historical painter, the exLEARNED SOCIETIES.

trinsic beauty, grace, and character which MISCELLANEOUS.

his individual likenesses so often possess, Hydrophobia.—Signior Salvatori, at Pe

OXFORD, April 1.

seem to raise them to a higher rank than is tersburgh, asserts that the inhabitants of In a full convocation holden on Thursday, usually assigned to that branch of the art ; Gadici have discovered a remedy for Hydro- March 23, it was decreed, for the purpose while his Satan furnishes a noble example of phobia. Near the ligament of the tongue, it of recording the grateful sense entertained the extent of his powers were he to devote is said, of the creature bitten and becoming by the University of the many acts of favour them to works of the grandest kind. We rabid, pustules of a whitish hue make their and munificence which his Majesty has been might notice here, that portrait painting is appearance, and open spontaneously about graciously pleased to confer upon it, that a rather viewed anomalously by men of difthe thirteenth day after the bite; at which l'erm should be granted, to be considered ferent opinions ; and between the extremos period the first symptoms of true hydro- and counted as statutably kept for any one to which its pretensions are exposed, hardly phobia occur. Jf these pustules are opened Degree for which the Candidate may wish to obtains that just medium award to which it on the ninth day after the bite, the ichor claim it, to all those who were actual Mem- is entitled. The mass look upon it with moro spit out, and the parts well washed with bers of the University, on the 29th of Janu- than its fair proportion of favour, as its presalt water, the fatal effects of the disorder ary, being the day of his Majesty's accession ponderance in all our exhibitions fully are prevented.—Bibl. Ital. to the throne.

proves; but, on the other hand, many deny Natural Phenomena. On the 3d of Au On Wednesday, March 22, the Rev. T. it the honour which it justly deserves; for gust the shock of another earthquake wa Loveday, M. A. Fellow of Magdalen Col- excellence in this kind requires no mean taexperienced in India. In Java, on the Sth lege, was admitted Bacheor in Divinity. On lent, nor slight cultivation. Rembrandt, of March, it rained so heavily for 24 hours, Monday, March 27, the last day of Lent Vandyck, and Reynolds, would be immorthat many hills in the territory of Diagorogo Term, the following Degrees were con- tal through portraiture, had they never done burst with the weight of water with which ferred :

any thing else; and if the greatest attainthey were saturated. On the 29th a severe Doctors in Medicine.-Jeremiah Gladwin inents in perspective, chiar-oscuso, expresearthquake was felt. The shock, thrice re- Cloves and Francis Willis, Brasennose Col. sion, attitude, colour, draping, foreshortenpeated, was so violent as to clash the sabres Masters of Arts.-Rev. Archibald Charles ing, design, contribute essentially to the formahanging on the walls of the barracks against Henry Morrison, Wadham College ; Augus- tion of a master, there are none of these each other, as if persons were fighting with tus Asgill Colville, Student of Christchurch; which may not be carried to perfection by a them. Frederick Dawson, Oriel College.

painter of portraits.

We arc inforined, that the now President And Donnelly's hid the world good nizht." is likely to put forth his titles to the dis- So to three we look now, scientific Martin,

VARIETIES. tinction he his reached, in a striking man

To slew the coves the tricks thou’rt smart in. ner, at the ensuing exhibition, by presenting

Grund Image.-When the Peishwa’s bagto the public the celebrated pictnres which

gage was captured at Nassick, in May 1818, he has been executing on the continent. Se

THE DRAMA.

a golden image of the idol Vishnu was found ven or eight of the most renowned and eleva

among his family gods and jewels. It was ted personages in Europe, of the life size*, Drury LANE.-11amlet. The young gen- made in 1707, of the finest gold of Ophir, and in Sir Thomas's best style, are, we tleman whom we mentioned a fortnight since, and weighs 370 tolas. Vishnu is reposing understand, ready for Somerset House, performeil Hamlet at this Theatre, on Thurs on the five-headed serpent (eternity); whose where they will undoubtedly add largely day-a day too late in the week for detailed heads are spread into a kind of canopy over to the interest of the approaching annual criticisin in our publication. He seems to the deity; and from each month issues a display.

be new, at least to a large stage; and con- forked tongue. Vishnu is contemplating and The mortal remains of Mr. West were A stoop, alinost habitual, adds to this im- creative power, Brahma, in his usual four

sequently his hye-play is often ungraceful. willing the creation of the world; and the publicly interred in St. Paul's on the 29th perfection. In person and countenance the faced form, is seen springing from the im. ult. The funeral, owing to the circum-new actor is otherwise well suited to the part; billical region on a lotus. stances of the times, was not so splendidly being tall and genteel, with an expressive breast is a gem named Bhuguilita.

On his right attended as it would otherwise have been. face and a fine dark eye. Still however it was an impressive, solemn, eney, however, for a task of the magnitude recently digging a cave in the environs of the

His great defici

Phonician Navigators.—Some workmen and gorgeous spectacle.

and diíliculty of that which he undertook, is These are portraits of the Emperor of Rils- the want of passion and forcc. lle strick Cape of Good Hope, discovered the hull of sia, Emperor of Austria, King of Prussia, out little of the fire of IIamlet, and selloin a vessel, built of cedar, and supposed to be

the remains of a Phænician galley. Should Count Nesselrode, General Czernitscheif, Prince rose so high as to merit eren partial plaudits this hypothesis be verified, it would prove Mletternich, Prince Schwartzenbers, Prince on the other hand, he displayed, in a consi- that the adventurous Tyrians had reached Ilardenberg, the Archduke Charles, the Pope, derable degree, the rare merit of acting nilCardinal Gonsalvi, the Duc de Richelieu, &c. turally; and thus made an iinpression on

the southern point of Africa. &c. The likenesses of the Pope and Gonsalvi the audience, though far removed from that discovered in the interior of Iceland.

The largest cataract in Europe has been are, we henr, remarkably fine. The counte- which a master in the art would produce. In nance of his Holiness is one of the noblest ever the management of his voice he was unfortu. found its way to the llebrides, in 1817, and

A morse or sea-horse, ten feet long, ceen. That of Gonsalvi, though nearly a mass of red: (his dress being scarlet, and himself nate; and, probably endeavouring to pitch it

was killed. The inhabitants considered it as seated in a common chair, with a crimson cuirto the extent of the space around him, he de

a supernatural creature, between their imatain or drapery) is represented as wonderfully livered himself in three or four several keys, harmonious, and by no means offensive to the from the base of an assumed falsetto, to the ginary entity, the Each Nisg, or Water eye by its glare. His Majesty, for whoin these altitude of his own tones. . llis play-scene said to be seen in some of the island lakes, pictures bave been painted, will, we have no doubt, with his accustomed liberality and royal tively: the rest were similarly unequal. The and 12 miles in length. favour towards the a: ts, grant permission to reception was kind.

At Glasgow, an institution is about to be bave as many as the rules permit in the next COVENT Garden - On Monday a pan

formed for the encouragement of the fine exhibition. tomime, originating in the famous nursery form parts of the plan.

arts. An Annual Exhibition, and Gallery tale of Cinderella, was produced at this

Theatre for the Easter Holidays. It is a
ORIGINAL POETRY.

very brilliant and superb thing, and meets

unanimous and deserved approbation. The METEOROLOGICAL JOURNAL. [By Correspondents.] iutroductory part, before the Harlequinade

MARCH,

1820. To Mr. Martin, the Baker, on his late l'ictury begins, is excellent; the fairy-godmother, over the scientific Cabbage. the best fairy we ever saw upon the stage: Thursday, 30-- Thermometer from 31 to 60.

Barometer from 30, 11 to 30, 20. and the prince's saloon, where the ball is Thou Master of the Rolls, whose potent fist given and the adventure of losing the slipper till noon, the rest of the day clear.

Wind S. W. and N. We-Clouds passing Has swept the garden stuff clean off the list, ensues, one of the most beautiful scenes Accept this tribute without jeer or gibe,

Friday, 31-- Thermometer from 29 to 62. imaginable. As a punishment for the neg

Barometer from 30, 17 to 30, 15. From one fond votary of the milling tribe : lect of her injunctions, the fairy transforms

Wind N. L and W. 5. S. 1.-Generally clear. Long mayst thou, man of crumb, make claret the parties, and they roain about performing A white frost, and a fog in the morning. flow, the usual tricks, till the slipper is found. No

APRIL, 1920. And bury thy fist in flesh as well as cough*; knearl all the coves as tight and close

correction is attempted in this branch of the Saturday, 1—Thermometer from 31 to 59. As the Cabbage who did gather business; and the pantomime adds another

Barometer, from 30, 20 to 30, 15. Himself compact, to avoid the blows, to the long modern list of such as depend en

Wind W.b. S. 1. and 4.-Generally cloudy, Like chickueed in rainy weather.t

tirely on machinery and dancing, but are de- sunshine at times. Since Randall's mighty genius gone, fective in what ought to be their grand prin. Sunday, 2— Thermometer from 42 to 64.

Barometer from 30, 24 to 30, 27. The ring's scarce worth the looking on;

ciple, viz. a motive for the various devices,
Cribb gets the gout,

Wind W. b. S. 2. and 1-Clouds generally
shifts, and acts of the dramatis personæ.
And can't come out,
We cannot see why a piece of this kind passing, clear at times.

Monday, 3–Thermometer from 45 to 65. And Turner's now too fat to fight, should not be contrived, in which an assign

Barometer from 30,36 to 30, 33. And Carter's slum able reason might be given for all the mis

Wind N. and E. b. N. 1-Cloudy till the No more can hum,

chievous inventions of the clown, and all the evening, when it became clear. * Towards the middle of the fight, the report transformations of Harlequin. So construct 7'ursday, 4 - Thermometer from 31 to 60.

Barometer from 30, 18 to 30,07. says, “ Martin literally buried his list in the body cd, a pantomime would be far more ainusing of Cabbage.

than it is, when a mere jumble of senseless Wind E. b. S. 1.-Clear. it Chickacad, it is well known, possesses this scenes.

Wednesday, 5-Thermometer from 31 to 70. barometer-like quality.

Barometer from 30,01 to 29, 82. Slum, anglice gummon. The attractions of

The Monastery has already furnished a Wind E. & and S. b. W. 1.-Generally clear, this self-elected Champion have pretty well ex- piece (arranged by Mr. T. Hooke) for Co- clouds passing at times. pired. vent Garden Theatre,

Edmonton, Middlesex. JOHN ADAMS.

BY MR. DRLAKWINDOW.

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