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tength, answered in the attirmative, and en- | pocket book which I have given you, the historians rush forward to carry him off in quired if he could do any thing to relieve address of the secretary to the Society of triumph, and scarcely allow him time to finish hin? "To relieve me!" exclaimed the Friendly Christians, whose unworthy repre- his exploits. rlying man. “O no. The Lord has already sentative I have been, will be found.

To

M. Collin de Plancy, after the example relieved me. I feel no pain, and I am about him, if you reach England in safety, convey of Dante, has descended to the infernal regions to enter into his l'aradise. My heart is full its contents, and communicate such particu- in quest of his heroes. In his Dictionnaire of joy that I sce the termination of my pil- lars concerning me as they may be desirous infernal he made us acquainted with the grimage ; but tears fill my eyes for you whom to learn. Above all, fail not to tell, how mighty deeds of spectres and phantoms, and I leave behind. But do you not feel yourself wonderfully I have been sustained in my the gambols of fairies, gnomes, &c. Now he revived as it were by a miracle ? For a mo- trials, and how providentially I met with a presents us with the king of all noctambuinent infinite mercy has permitted me to countryman in the wilderness who cheered lary beings ;-it is Satan, Belzebub, Pluto, speak the worls of reason and of truth to and assisted me while I lived, and feft me Arimanes, Tentates, or Lucifer ;-finally, it the kind but too impetuous companion of not till he had closed my eyes, in nature's is the Devil himself. my latter journeyings. Oiny brother! be last and most refreshing sleep.” Harley Hitherto we have heen enabled to form faithful to the end." Then shall we one day, assured him that whatever his future fate but very imperfect notions of the above sinrejoice together, that ''Our soul is excoped might be, he would remember the charge gular personage : when we speak of him our us a bird out of the snare of the foucher. Let thus laid upon him, and fail not to execute language conveys no definite idea. He is not sufering and persecution dismail

. Re- it without loss of time on his arrival in En-conjured up on every occasion ; his name is member the words of St. Peter: Belored, gland, it crer it should be his fate to get a continual source of contradiction and abthink it not strange concerning the fiery there. And now, O father, receive iny surdity; and all' because we do not know trial, which is to try you, as though some weary spirit,” prayed the expiring Mission-him sufficiently; Thus, a frank obliging man orange thing had happened unto you,' and ary. Farewell, my poor, dear friend. is called a good-natured deril; one of bold bear in mind also that we read in the Reve- I go~I go that you were equally happy. and determined disposition is a devil of a man; fations, that as many as he loves, he rebukes - I go to him in those presence there is a person who excites our compassion is a and chastene. Preserve as a treasure these fullness of joy, and at whose right hand, poor devil; an entertaining man is devilish precious words of consolation, and they will there are pleasures for evermore'" His witty; when out of humour with ourselves support yon in the hour of trial.” “ But you voice grew weaker. For a few moments he vre wish the devil may take us ; of a troublecsert yourself too much. Already I perceive was quite silent. Charles doubted whether some affair we say ihe devil is in it; a man your voice to falter. Take a little water.” he had not ceased to breathe; when, to his who wants his dinner says he is devilish hun- Not a drop: it cannot re-invigorate iny mor- infinite surprise, his departing friend seemed gry; if he has no money he says the devil tal fraine; yoự have none to spare, and none to have gained a sudden accession of strength, is in his purse. Consequently, it is impossito I want. Why should we feed with oil the and he began to sing the following hymn, ble to form any precise idea of the nature of lamp that can no longer give light? I feel which he had composed himself

.

this hero of the infernal regions. that I grow weaker; and I rejoicé at it.

Almighty power who hung this ball

By some, his satanic majesty is described 'That I have awakened to reason, and that I

In space, and being breathed on all ; as having bat's wings, duck's feet, ears like have found yon by 'my apparently lifeless Now waft thy servant to that shore mushrooms, a nose nine inches long, the rlay, Rre merciful dispensations for which I Where sin and sorrow are no more. tusks of a wild-boar, and horns which lię know not how to be sufficiently thankful. My spirit, long in exile here,

can turn back at pleasure, when he wishes I can only reward your kindness and brother Called home to thy celestial sphore, to travel incognito." Others assert that he is Jy love by giving you this, and my sincere

Shall like the lark at morn arise,

a winged serpent, or that he has an eagle's hvish and fervent prayer, that it may prove as

With songs of rapture to the skies.

beak, a cloven foot, and is entirely black. fruitful of consolation and joy to you, as it

In mercy he who loves the just
Consigns my body to the dust;

The natives of Nigritia, however, for reasons has been to me in my wanderings.” With

And ends mortality's career

equally good, maintain that he is white. these worils Smithers handed to Charles the

Of foolish hope, and idle fear.

But perhaps it is more interesting to ascerlittle Bible, which through all his delirium He calls my panting soul away,

tain what form Satan assumes when he slips and insensibility he had not ceased to clasp. With joy his bidding I obey;

into our houses or ranges through the fields "The present was received with tears. “Check Death ! close the dream of joyless strife, at midnight. This is the inextricable diffi. these sorrows, ” said Smithers, " they are And wake me to substantial life.

culty; for of the many ingenious persons sinful, and tend to sadden the hour of my

His voice failed him at the close of the who have been favored with a sight of the lepariure. Take charge too of this little second verse, and instead of singing, he but devil

, there are not two who agree. He is pocket book. It contains the letters of faintly repeated the concluding stanzas. He said to be capable of assuming any form he brother Bowman, şiring an account of the then strove to utter a prayer of which but pleases. Sometimes he disguises himself as progress of grace in those parts which he few words could be heard by Charles. The a goat, a hare, a black-bird, a toad, or a frug; had visiter before we parted. Every thing sounds were now so faint as to be wholly un- at other times he transforms himself into *f worldly value that I had about me when intelligible-they ceased—He was no more. the trunk of a tree, a sallad, a calf's head, or I first sought these inhospitable regions, was

a hogshead of wine. Many ladies have seen taken froin me by the barbarians that are

THE DEVIL.

him in the disguise of a monk, and monks xlwellers therein, but the per left to me what Le Diable peint par lui-même, by M. have known him to assume the form and was above all price, the Bible, and the papers which I now confide to you. Of the one,

Collin de Plancy, author of the Dic

In India, where he is exceedingly pomalas! they knew not the surpassing worth,

tionnuire infernal. (From the French.) pous, he nevertheless condescends to shew the other, all their diligence in the work of Talent is not sufficient to recommend the himself whenever he is asked: it is merely depredation failed to discover.” Here he historian. He must have a hero, and if pos- necessary to utter a fervent prayer for his paised. For a few moments he was unable sible a novel one. From Achilles down to appearance. There, if we may believe the to proceed from weakness. Charles again Charles XII, and even to a later period, all good Jesuit who relates these particulars, he pressed on him the relief which a draught of great actions have been so carefully recorded appears zlittering in gold and precious stones, water might afford, but this he stedfastly that the majority of panegyrists and poets attended by a gay retinue, surrounded by refused. "No-No-My earthly wants are have been obliged to extol'vices for want of young virgins, escorted by several regiments at an end. The cold dew of death hangs on virtues; and the writer who is now required of cavalry, and a vast troop of clephants iny brow. Yet a few moments and I shall to bring a great character before the world, superbly caparisoned. He grants to the fic at rest. Tlie cares of life are over, and does not well know where to look for one. unfortunate whatever they request, recomi rejoice that the hour is come which is to Distinguished men have in all ages been rare ; mends charity, and orders the rich Indians to Blieve me from its infirmities In the and as soon as a little hero rises up, twenty give feasts to the poot.

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RUSSIA.

· But these are not the only good actions de-Dôme; it recoinmends the introduction In the first two chapters, the author en recorded of the devil : he is not continually of inore irrigation into French husbändlry. quires into the origin of the Russians, and spreading his nets and teuspting holý persons art. II. Codex Nasaræus, &c. à Matth. agrees with Vestor, that the Parigues, to the commission of sin, he is occasionally

Norberg.-21 Article, (sce Literary Ga- who, in 862, because the first sovereigns of honest and disinterested ; and M. Collin de

zette, No. 142.)

the country, to which they give the raine of Plancy does his utmost to prove that the

Having given an account of this book in Russia, were Scandinavians, froin the exinfernal monarch frequently restores the our 1421 Number, we refer our readers to tremity of the Baltic.". Having disposed sinner to the path of salvation. · Sometimes, it; and content ourselves with stating, that of those thorny questions, he gives an indeed, he is severe through excess of good in this sccond article, Baron de Sacy enters interesting description of the physical and ness. For instance, it was rather cruel to into a very elaborate critique, (vecupying ng

moral character of the Sclavonians in genetransform a poor nun into a demoniac, be- less than 20 pages in' 4to.) on the live, ro-ral, and particularly of the Sclavonian cause, as Gregory the Great relates, she re; lumes published by Mr. Norberg, of whuse Russian. This third chapter contains in galed herself with a lettuce before she had translation he does not speak very faspur-structive details, hitherto but little known, Baid her Benedicite ; or to forbid a hungry ably. He intends to give, in a third Article, on the mythology of the ancient inhabitants inan to eat some real, because it happeued a view of tlie doctrine of the Christians.o1 of Moscovy, on their calendar, their political to be part of a descendant in the fifth degree St. John, according to the book of Aslam.

institutions, their writing, on the various of a cow that had been stolen.

dialects, such as the Illyrian, the Croatiani, On another occasion the devil proved Art. III. Histoire de l' Empire de Russie: duced among the Selaronia: tribes in.proz

the Polish, the Russian, which were introhimself still more austere. Fie appeared under the forin of an unknown kuight to

par M. Karamsin. Tom. I. and II. tra- portion as they were subdued, disperseli Count Maçon, and carried hiin off in the

duit par M.M. Saint Thoinas & Sauffret. and confounded with other people. A sinpresence of his terrified guards and attenA history of Russia was, considering the gular trait of their language is

, that the same lants. The pious historians who relate the works of Voltaire and Levesque, a desidera- word, Vek, signifies both life and century: above anecslote, take care to add, thut the tum in Russian, much more than in French

probably because a hundred years constituted Count had many sins to answer for ; that lie literature. Mr. Karainsin; forgetful also of the usual period of the life of man. was in the habit of robbing convents, and that sia and Gerinany, has considered his subject of facts froin 862, begins with the fourth

The history; or the chronological narrative In all ages the Devil has rendered great as being still entirely ner; and after some chapter. The author has not, however, strictly service to the learned, for whom he has alivays reflections on the interest and utility of his confined himself to the order of time. The evinced particular regard. Scaliger was said torical studies, and especially of natural his- extracts from the Russian Larr, or code of to have entered into a coinpact with him, tory, he points out the ancient chronicles Yaroslaf, who died in 1051, will prove highly Socrates, Apuleius, Agrippa, Car Cag

and original monuments from which he has interesting to those persons who study the liostro, are reported to have had familiars extracted the annals of his country. These history of social institutions aud of the secus who inspired them with knowledge. Roger are chiefy the chronicles of Nestor and Ba- rities given to persons and property. In ono taught him mathematics. The Knights Tem- and of five anonymous writers of the 12th ordains

, that in all criminal cáuses, the plaintift plars, and Joan of Arc, were accused of hold- and 13th centuries. The other documents must appear with the defendant before twelve ing communication with demons; and N. are extracts from records, both Muscovite citizens, who are sworn, and on their soul Cöllin de Plancy himself would have been and foreign, lives of saints, letters of bishops, and conscience shall discuss, verify, and burnt a hundred tiines over, had he lived in genealogies, military ordinances, contempo- declare the facts, leaving to the judges the former times and known all the fine things and other documents taken from the nalty.

rary inemoirs, medals, inscriptions, maps, right of deterinining and applying the pewhich he now ventures to disclose.

To these cxtracts Nir. Karainsin. Our ancestors had so mean an opinion of archives. The author thinks that these an- has added short explanations, and jirdicious the human mind, that they deemed it incapanals may naturally be divided into three

reflections. ble of producing any thing without the aid of parts: the ancient, from Rurik to Jokin III ;

The review is generally favourable to the the devil. John Faust, one of the inventors of the uniddle

, from John. III. to Peter the work, and we are led to expect an interestprinting, was suspected of holding open com- Great; the modern, to the Emperor Ales- ing còntinuation in the succeeding volumes. munication with the Prince of Darkness.

anıler. The systein of apanages

characIn Switzerland the common people entertain terizes the first; the second is that of the so high a notion of his talents, that they at- monarchy; and the third is distinguished by ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE. tribute to him the construction of several the change in the manners of society. This

AURORA BOREALIS, &C. master-pieces of architecture. Denis le application o. the word modern secins to us Chartreux says, that the Devil is a great geo-worthy

of attention. In fact, Russia is ino- (Extracted from the Litter of a Traoller in Newmetrician ; Milton asserts that he excels in dern only since the end of the 17th century;

fourulland.] the building of bridges ; and Tertullian in- France is so ever since the reign of Francis In Europe the cold and dry winds always forms us that the Devil is so good a natural I.; and Italy since the age of Dante. Mr. blow from the N. E, ; in America always froin philosopher that he can carry a siere full of Schlozer reckons fire successive states of the N.W. When these winds prevail the sky is water without spilling a drop.

Russia ; he calls it beginning from 8ii2 to clear and of a deep azure blue, and nothing For more ample details we must refer the 1015; divided from the time of Sviatopolk can equal the beauty of the nights. The reader to the work. It doubtless contains to that of the Mongols, oppressed from Bati, moon sheds a brighter lustre than in Europe, some few pages which timid eyes inight

to John Ill. victorious till Peter I., and and in her absence the brilliant light of the wish to pass aver ; but it is nevertheless since that time, flourishing. But, according stars supplies her place, very amusing, and M. Collin de Plancy's hero to Mr. Karamsin, the age of St. Wladimir The sight of an Aurora Borealis, which is is as good as most others.

was an age of power and glory, to which the very frequent in these hyperborean regions,

name of infancy is inapplicable; the empire produces the most wonderful effect, and is ANALYSIS OF THE JOURNAL DES SAVANS, of the false Dmitri was distinguished by mis- mena of nature. It generally appears in the

had been divided before 1015; and the time indeed one of the most extraordinary pheno. FOR NOVEMBER, 1819.

fortunes, rather than by military successes. form of a brilliant girdle of light, the extreArt. I. Excursion agronomique en Auvergne, The two volumes now published in French, mities of which repose on the horizon, &c. par J. A. Victor Yvart.

come down only to the year 1169, leaving covering the heavens with its coloured rays. An interesting account of an agricultural us two centuries from the period which the Even the splendor of the moon does not visit to a part of Auvergne, particularly the author calls the midille. Thury furnish soine cclipse its magnificent effulgence. A crachling environs of the Mont & Or, and the Puy- novel information.

like the rustling of silk precede: ito appeur

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ancc; the light spreadis rapidly over the sky, on the products of French Industry, pre Our limits do not permit us to follow the with a slight noise, and the rays unite in the sented to Count De Cazes, cannot fail to be reporter through his learned examination of zenith in the form of a' croin.

interesting to our commercial readers. the improvements that have taken place of The Aurora Borealis often presents the “At all times the French carpet manu- late years in optical instruments, fine clock singular appearance of two standards Avating factures have been remarkable for tasteful work, and astronomical clock-work. We in the air, and its different tints of light af dçsigns, and brilliant and durable colours. inust, however, notice a new invention which ford successively the coup-d'-xil of so many The sale of these carpets has, however, al- win form an epoch in the history of stringed vast zones of silk of divers colours. At other ways been estreinely limited ; they were ma-instruments : namely, the violin of M. Coatimes, it extends itself in vast columns of fire, nufactured at vast expense, and were in some not, which produces a tone as full and methe brilliancy of which insensibly fades, or by measuré esclusively destined for the palaces lodious as the old instruments which are so rapid oscillations transforms itself infinitely, of the royal family. Owing to recent iin- rare and highly valued.* an't changes its colours from the most brilliant provements, carpets may noit be manufactur The specimens of soda, alum, acids, ceyellow to the darkest brown; and after ed with cqual perfection at a moderate price. ruse, verinillion, scented soap for the toilette, having brightly illumined the firmament, cx- Howerer, the jury are of opinion that the indigenous sugar, gelatine, and all the alitends majestically from the horizon to the labour may be still further simplified, and mentary products presented at the exhizenith and siddenly vanishes, leaving behind the gold medal is offered to the first manufac- lition, exceeded the utmost expectations of a sombre and uniform trace: the light im- turer who shall attain this object. mediately reappears, and again vanishes with The French paper manufactures, which the same rapidity. Lastly, it often shews were fong defective with respect to the ar

ASTRONOMY OF THE ORIENTALS. itself in glorious rays, the number and ticles used for size and the manner of apply (Abridged from the Calcutta Journal.) brilliancy of which successively increase till ing them, are annually undergoing improvethey fill the whole atmosphere, and for:n the ments

. At the last exhibition the paper ma- cal measures of time relating to the sun and

The following are some of the astronomie most striking sight that can be imagined ; nufactures of Amnonay, surpassed all the moon, according to the calculations of the the sky is covered with sparks, and it cracks specimens of preccding years. In soine ma- Hindoo astronomers, and hy which the Braand hisses with a noise absolutely resembling nufactories, the cat sizing is employer! ; and mins, Moguls, and other Nohainmedans in that of a superb fire-work. This phe- this method, which is doubly economical, as India chiedy go, in the reckoning of time 1 nomenon, which is generally considered as the it diminishes manual labour, and improves

The lunar year they reckon 354 days, 22 effect of electricity, is alınost always the pre- the quality of the paper, will probably be gurris, I pull. The solar year they reckon cursor

of storis ; and when these latter rise universally adopted. The art of inaking 365 days, 15 gurris, 30 pulls, 224 poels, Inin the N. E. they spread the greatest obscu- paper entirely by mechanism, is a French in. dian time :-60 peels unaking I pull, to pulls rity over the whole

island of Newfoundland. vention. Shects of paper six hundred fect 1 gurri, and 60 gurris 1 day. According to În the spring there is much rainy and long, manufactured by this method, were which the following table is constructed foggy weather. Towards the beginning of presented to the public at the late exliJune, the change in the climate is sensible; bition.

Peels. Pulls. Gurris. English Time. and from the middle of July and sometimes The manufacture of ornamental paper

i second carlier, to the end of August, the heat is hangings is constantly iinproving in France.

12

5 seconds 60 grcat as to oblige the people to put on Specimens of landscapes, both coloured and

10 seconds summer dresses. Not a single clond is to uncoloured, and compositions after the an

37]

15 seconds b: scen, particularly from tcn o'clock till tique, prove the surprising advanceinent made

20 seconds four; it is soinctimes hotter than in the in this branch of industry.

75

30 seconds Antilles. Among recent improrements, the jury re

1.50
24

| minute The nights are of extraordinary beauty. marked a new method of imitating gold or

124

5 minutes The clearness of the sky, the purity of the naments,

1500
25

10 minutes atınosphere, the brilliant light of the moon, The improveincnts in the art of preparing 2250 371

15 minutes the uncommon lustre of the stars, which al- iron, have a greater interest, as France

20 minutes most all appear in the horizon, cach now possesses nearly five hundred large fur

4500

11 30 minutes

9000 150 resembling the light of a distant rossel, naces, or Catalonian furges, which anmally

2 1 hour 18000

5 2 hours produce the most delightful scene that can produce about a million quintuls of cast and

27000 450

3 hours bc imagined. wrought iron : the use of carborrated iron, and

36000

600 10 4 hours It is impossible to form an idea of the the process of refining with coal, at the re

45000 750 124 5 hours magnificence of the spectacle, which the Bay verberating furnace, are among the new in

54000 900

6 hours of Conception, presents on such a right, at the troductions, which promise the happiest re

81000 1350 224 9 hours season which is called Capettin-Kutt: then sults. Great activity prevails in the steel and 108000 1800

12 hours its iinmense surface is covered with inyriads brass manufactures; the preparation of pla- 216000 3600 60

1 day of fish of every species and of every size, all tina, which is rendered malleable by a newly equally engaged; some in pursuit, and others discovered process, and the working of the

From this table it appears that the Indian in enderrours to escape. The whales rise tin mines of Vaulry and Piriac, present new year, of 365 days 15 gurris, 30 pulls, and and plunge alternately, dashing and spout- resources to French industry: 'Hnally

, the 22 ; peels, is equial to 365 days, 6 hours, 12 ing the water into the air ; the rod bounding manufacture of all sorts of iron vrare improves ininutes, and 9 seconds of our time; and acupon the waves, and reflecting the light of in proportion to the progress effected by the cords with our sidereal year nearly, which is the moon upon their silvery scales ; the Ca- chemical and mechanical sciences in the stated at 365 days, 6 hours, 9 minutes, and

144 seconds. The Indian lunar year, reckpottin, saving itself in, vast sboals, seeks a re- working of inetais. tulge on the coast where the waves throw an The reporter inade honorable mention of oned at 354 days, 22 gurris, l' pull, measures irninense multitude upon the sand, which the establishment for the construction of 354 days, 8 hours, 48 minutes, 24 seconds, become the prey of women and children, improved agricultural instruments, which is English time; whick very nearly corresponds who with baskets come to collect this sup- superintended by M. Molard. At this es with that settled in our tables, at 354 days, ply, while the fishermen in their boats, with tablishment, ploughs of cast iron have been 8 hours, 48 minutes, 36 seconds. + their nets, take it upon the coast, and gather manufactured, on which the jury bestowed

• For a detailed account of M. Chanot's ada still more valuable, and not less abundant unqualified approbation : they possess the mirable improvements on the violin, see a reharvest.

advantage of being more durable than port of the French Institute, inserted in the Lite

wooden ploughs, are less liable to go out of rary Gazette, Sept. 13th, 1817. MANUFACTURES, &c. IN FRANCE.

repair, and more manageable, without See Fraser's History of Nadir Shaw, passím. The following hest of the Central Jury, being less solid,

+ See Ferguson's Astronomy.

24

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19 X

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RUSSIAN UNIVERSITIES.

0

19 X

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19 X

8

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20 12 44

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59

The lunar cycle, or period of 19 years, as , Hegira, 286 and 308 (the years 899 and 920

CAMBRIDGE, Fen. 18. also that called the Chaldean or ecliptic pe of the Christian era,) are all German, among At a congregation, on Tuesday, the Rer. riod, confessedly originated with the Eastem which are 90 of the Emperors Otto 1:-II. Henry Browne, M. A. of Lincoln College, astronomers :--and that we may see the and the Empress Adelheid ; several of differ- Oxford, was incorporated of King's College; agreement of the Oriental astronomers with ent princes, as of Duke Bernard I. of the and the Rev. John Davies, M. A. of St. our European calculators, we here insert the Palatinate ; Henry of Bavaria (the Lame ?) John's College, Oxford, was incorporated measure of 19 sidereal and lunar years after &c. &c. the rest are of Cologne, of the of St. John's College, in this university. Mr. botb accounts, thus:-

time of the three Ottos. Froin the age of George Rider, of Catharine Hall, and Mr. Indian time rechiced.

these coins, it seeins that we may infer with Thomas Warden, of Trinity Hall, were, on Days. Hrs. Min. Sec. tolerable ccrtainty, that this treasure was the same day, admitted Bachelors of Arts. 19 X 365 days = 6935

0 0 confided to the earth, the only deposit-bank 6 hours = 18

0 which at that time existed, rather earlier in 19 x 12 min.

3 48
the 11th century than this era has been

The six Universities of Russia have the 9 sec.

0 2 51

brought to light in the 19th.
This silver, doubtless, belonged to a rich the district of the Moscow University belong

following districts assigned to them: 1. To Indian time 693921 50 51

person, and had most probably been a booty the Governments of Moscow, Smolensko, Ferguson's Tables, p. 190, 6939 205.3 354 taken in war. Pirates Wikingar) and sol

Calnga, Tula, Rjasan, Waldimir, Costrodiers were the richest persons in the country. ma, Wologda, Twer, and Jaroslave. 2. To Difference

54 15%

Why so many coins of king Ethelred have the district of the University of Wilna, the Hence the difference between the Indian and been found together in Scandinavian ground, Governments of Wilna, Grodno, Witepsk, Eumpcan is 54 min. 154 sec. in 19 sidereal is probably owing to the heavy tribute called Mobilen, Minsk, Volhynia, Kiew, and Poyears.

Danegeld, which this monarch had to pay delia. 3. To the district of the University of
Indian lunar years reduced.
Days. Hrs. Min. Sec. to Denmark; which was then circntated in Dorpat, Livonia, and Courland, originally like-

wise Ok Finland, but the latter now belongs 19 X 334 days = 6726

various ways, even among the inhabitants of to the University of Abo, in New Finland. 2 hours = 6

Sweden, besides what Swedish warriors 4. To the district of the University of St. 19 x 48 min. = 15 12

12 38 brought from the expeditions to England, in Petersburg. which is not yet organized, the 19 x 34 sec. which they took a distinguished part. Some governments of St. Petersburg,

Pleskou, also might be brought by the English inissi. Norogorod, Olonez, and Archangel, are for 19 X 12 lunations = 6732 23 19 36 6 lunations =

4 24 12

onaries, and some in the regular course of the present assigned. 5. The district of the 1 lunation =

trade. As the kingdom had no coin of its University of Charcow comprehends the

own, German and English money, together Ukrainc, Orel, Kursk, Woronesch, Tscher235 lunations = 6939 16 27 50 with the Arabian, brought by merchants and nigow, Pultawa, Cherson, the Crimea, Ditto by English tables = 6939 16 26 51 others from the east, formed the only Jekatherinoslaw,' and the countries of the Difference currency of the kingdom.

Don and other Cossacks. 6. Lastly, to the

The articles now found confirm what traposing the lunar cycle of 19 years by both bracelets were then in 1sc. Bracelets seein Perm, Tambow, Nischneigorod, Saratov,

The difference between 235 lunations com- dition says, that gold and silver armlets and district of the University of Kasar belong, reckonings less than one minute! Consider- originally to liare been an ornament peculiar Pensu, Caucasus, Simbirsk, Tobolsk, Tomsk, ing the supposed ignorance of the Eastern to warriors, who swore oaths by their brace- and Irkutzk,

together above 200,000 (Gerastronomers in the elements of true science, lets, which were not to be broken. They inan) square miles in extent. Yet some their want of necessary and accurate mathe- were sometimes given by sorereigns or gematical instruments, and the skill for the more nerals as rewards of valour, or signs of fayoung people from the country of the Buprofound and elaborate calculations of our vour, and sometimes to persons not of the distant about 2000 miles froin Kasan, hare European and justly famous practitioners, military profession. Saint Siegfried, who tleir determination on the exact ineasures lived in those times, had received a gold

come to study at the university of that city; of the sidereal and lunar year is truly admir- bracelet from Olof King of Norway, which many belonging to the Tartar tribes hare able, and deserving our highest commenda- he employed iu the redemption of Christian also come to study at the University of Kation.

prisoners from heathen slavery.

The coins have been offered, as the law di-
DISCOVERY OF ANGLO-SAXON AND OTHER rects, to the Crown for purchase.

His
COINS, &c. &c. in Sweden.

FINE ARTS.
Majesty gave the necessary orders on the
A peasant of the name of Bryngel Tonsson, 11th of January, and they are now deposited
and some labourers lately digging for stone, in the Royal Cabinet of Antiquities.

THE BRITISH GALLERY. in a woody field on the estate Dalsland and

In pursuance of our design, we shall, in Tillhagen, in Bolstads Socken, four

a few consecutive Numbers of the Literary great number of old silver coins, and other LEARNED SOCIETIES.

Gazette, select for notice the principal silver of a fine standard. The latter con

works in this Exhibition; consulting, genesists of nine bracelets, of four different

OXFORD, Fen, 19.

rally the merit of the productions in our forms; a thick silver twine, bent together, UNIVERSITY INTELLIGENCE.-On Satur. classification ; but, in a good many in: but broken off at both ends, appearing likc- day last the following degrees were constances, postponing others for the sake of our wise to have been used as a bracelet; and ferred :several shapeless silver picces, weighing al

own conveniency, and in order to mature

Master of Arts.-Rev. Frederick Charles our criticisms, where matter, not attainable together 46 ounces. The bracelets weighed Spencer, Christchurch.

by the mere, view of a picture, is desirable. from 1 to 34 loth (a loth is half an ounce). Bachelors of Arts.-Rev. Henry Palmer, of the legible coins, there are 242 whole Worcester College ; Christopher Sidney No. 213. A Highland Whiskey Still, in Arpieces; the illegible and defaeed amount to Smith, Corpus Christi College ; John Leigh, gyleskire. D. WHkie, R. A about 70. The former consist of 87 English Brasenpose College; Bernard John Ward, Our first glance at the exhibition strongly or Anglo-Saxon coins, all except three, of Trinity College; Jaines Espinasse, Ballioi impressed us with the superior excellence of king Ethelred, and only two of his father, College.

this picture ; nor has our subsequent examiking Edgar ; 83 of them bear the date of Thursday last the Rev. Robert Mason, of nation of it lowered our opinion. We do 1005. The rest of the coins, with the ex- Queen's College, was admitted Bachelor in not hesitate therefore in saying, that so ception of two Kufic of the ycars of the Divinity.

far as the exccution, and the choico and ar

san.

STAINSD GLASS.

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rangement of the materials, of which the Wilkie has two other piecey in the Gallery ; subject is composed, can be estimated,' this 30. 17. A l'eteron Highlander, erho serred is the finest specimen of Mr. Wilkie's pencil. at Minden ; and 109, 4 Bacchanalian Copy of a Letter addressell to Messrs. Ro. Nor would we qualify it even in this slight gathering Grapes.

hins, Auctioneers, Curent Garden. degree,' were. it not palpable, that, adini The former, it may readily be imaginerl, is Gentlemen, rably as he has treated this truly Scottish in his usual style : the latter is an excursive

I feel it a duty incumbent upon scene, some of his preceding works have an flight into the regions of classic art ; and me, as the oldest artist in the kingdom, in advantage, in the greater number of charac- quite sufficient to show the versatility of the the art of Painting on Glass (in vitrifying ters, in sentiment, and in the more general artist's talents. The names of Poussin and colours) to address you through the inedium nationality of the habit or custom which he Rubens, on such subjects, have been so of the pulvlic papers, in vindication of Brihas chosen for the display of his unrivalled long used lry the dealers to conjure with, tish genius, in that particular branch of the talents. In the present instance; there is, that we despair of any other to draw the fine arts, comninonly called " Stained Glass,” superadded to the best qualities of the Flemish amateur into the circle ; but if any can, this to enquire by what authority you have made School, a degree of expreșsjon far beyond may. The general effect is rich, and be- such bold assertions as are contained in an those foreign masters ; who, in most cases, longs to the highest style of art. "What we advertisement, respecting a salc of Paiuted contented themselves, in the conduct of their do not lilie so well, is the want of beauty in Glass, coming forward in the month of performances, with what regarded the co- the female forms, and of truth in some of March next, under your hammer ; in which louring, chiaro scuro, and handling. For so the flesh tints. Yet there are parts, beyond you presune to set up the works of a French much, ordinary nature and common charac- which we deem it hardly possible to carry the artist, as “the finest etforts that crer have ter sufficed to thein; and they shone in the powers of painting.

appeareil in the art of Painting on Glass ;" application of their means and skill. Yet on

No. 141. Macbeth.-John, Martinr. adaling, " that the point has been conceded these, their peculiar grounds, the picture before us has abundant claims to adipiration;

The scene is, the Vanishing of the Weird by the first artists.Noir, gentlemen. I and when tiine shall have donc for it as

call upon you to give the naines of those Sisters

ürtists who (you say, have so decidedly proinuch as for them, it may vie with the very Stay ye imperfect speakers, tell me more."

nounced on the merits of those pieces, and foremost of the Flemish masters. There As by the wand of an enchanter, we are so kindly transferred the fame acquịred by are few subjects of this class which could again brought to a sight of the marvellous. British geuius to Mousieur de Marpe, an artist have atforded the artist so fair an opportu- The skill with which this artist, on a former residing in Paris. When you favour us with nity of showing his judgment in the choice occasion, arrested our attention, in spite of their names, we shall then be able to form of the picturesque, and of throwing upon his the regularity of protracted lines, and formal an opinion, whether the rank they hold in objects a light and shade equally conducive splendour of his architecture, is here dis- the estimation of the judicious part of manto the effect of the piece, to which the va- played with full liberty; and the field of ima- kind, entitle their verdict in Monsieur de ried colours of which they partake give a gination is opened with a bold and daring Marie's favour, 10 any consideration. Ano, tone and character well suited to harmonize hand. The sublime character of the clouds tlier question, I must request an answer toand set off each other.

and sky, mingling with the more solid ele- What do you mean by Three Pieces of The interesting interior is occupied by timents which compose the scene, are well | Glass,' to form one sulject? Can a picgures the most appropriate; and if their oc- suited to the storm of the wild and barrenture have more than one surface. If two cupation and quality have less of emotion heath. The characters of Macbeth and Banquo or three pieces of glass are used to form a than some of Mr. WV's other performances, appear in the midst of a blaze of light, while view, or subject, vloes it not become an op: nothing can be more just or suitable to their thre weird Sisters are enveloped in a veil of tical delusion ? and consequently not entitled situation and employment. The profound obscurity; a mist is drawn before them, that to the rank which a picture holds in the deliberation with which the old man ex-may well make them seem the unearthy works of art; because a picture, (if well excamines the clearness'and proof of the whis- shapes of a distempered fancy, such as the cuted) unites in itself all the points of exkey, is equal, we may say superior, in its immortal bard intended to draw..

cellence on one surface, which are so pomkind, to any thing that ever was done; nor

“ That look not like the inhabitants of carth, pously puffed off by you, in Monsieur de is the figure in shadow much less ably paints And yet are on't.”

Marne's three-fold glass contrivances. When ed; at any rate it has all that belongs to its business and place

1 refl:ct that England has to boast of such In this part, the acces

The band of time will do much for tbis saries and still life are surpassingly beautiful; picture, in toning down some crudities in the men, in the art of Painting on Glass, as and when we examine the effect of the cocolouring. The conception is grand, and sisted by the genius of West, Mortimer

, and louring arising from the varied broken thougha rather a manner-like repetition, it other artists of high consideration, I cannot tints of similar hues, out of which so much sustains the high reputation of the artist.

tamely stand by, and see their well-deserved harmony, is produced, together, with the N. 30. The Day before the Wedding - fame sacrificed by the frothy nonsense of an coinposition as a whole, we cannot but con

M. W. Sharp.

auctioncer's advertisement, to gratify the vagratulate the purchaser on possessing a chefd'euvre of British art.

This cabinet gem is one of Mr. Sharp's nity of a Frenchman, at the expense of truth, Our regard for the subject, too, is raised happiest efforts : the subject is treated with candour, and justice, without an effort to by poetical association ; and we recognise it the bride of tomorrow is coyly resisting the a playful elegance; and "in its little drama, expose the delusion. Expecting an answer,

I remain, &c. &c. as one in which we can sympathize ; not as lover of to-day, who is drawing her towards

Feb. 23, 1820.

J. Pearson. it refers to the use of spirits and their pernicious consequences, but as reininding us of the ring, which is to bind her for eser. An a pedlar, in order that the latter inay try on 112, Great Russel Street, Bloomsbury.

P. S.-These sentiinents are not new to the joyous or heroic feelings, to which the old lady'is carefully inspecting the operation you, as you will perceive by referring to my inspiring beverage has often given rise; and of fitting the conjugal plexlge; and these four letter on the same subject, dated May 22d, 60 happily expressed in the glowing language figures make up the principal group. In 1815, in answer to a challenge of yours to of Burns.

the back ground is seen the signing and seals the artists of this country, five years ago, “ But bring a Scotchman frae his hill, ing of the marriage contract. The costuine when these very superior specimens were Clap in his cheek a Highland gill, is Spanish, and the architecture, with which ofered by you for public sale, without sucSay such is royal George's will,

the brilliancy of the colouring and the style cess. And there's the foe :

of execution well accord, "superb. The He has nae thought, but how to kill story is delightfully and humourously told,

(We insert this as a fair reclamation in favour Twa at a blow."

the composition is charning, and the o holof of British art; but must say, at the sanje time, Besides this inimitable perforinancé, Jr. I finished in a masterly style.

that however Messrs. Robins may find it neces-,

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