« AnteriorContinuar »
REMARKABLE DISCOVERY IN CHEMISTY.
CONVERSION OF RAGS INTO SUGAR.
A new grass, unnoticed by Dr. Roxburgh,
CAMBRIDGE, Feb. 4.
Oh! what a glorious change from dark to light, which produces a perfect silicious deposit in The late Dr. Smith's annual prizes of 251. From double darkness of the soul and eye, the joints, has been discovered in the moun-each, to the two best proficients in mathe- When thy freed spirit sprcad its wings for flight! tains or India, between the Circars and Nag-matics and natural philosophy among the To thee 'twas death to live, 'tis life to die. pore,
commencing Bachelors of Arts, are this year for thee? it is to all, whose anchor'd faith adjudged to Mr. Henry Coddington and Mr. Enters beyond death's transient veil of gloom;
Charles Smith Bird, of Trinity College, the But, oh! how perfect was thy living death, Munich, Jan. 1820. first and third Wranglers.
Who wert thyself thine own unjoyous tomb! Dr. Vogel, Member of the Royal Aca
Croxton Johnson, Esq. Fellow Commoner Those darken' d eyes no more obstruct the day; demy of Sciences, has submitted to a care- of Emmanuel College, was on Friday last That mind no more spurns reason's blest conful examination in the laboratory of the admitted Bachelor of Arts. Academy of Munich, the surprising disco
A grace passed the Senate yesterday, for Far from its ruined tenement of clay, very of Mr. Braconnot, of Nancy, of the granting to the University of Cephalonia, (of All eye, all reason, soars the happy soul.
which the Earl of Guildford is Chancellor,) Dull are those ears no more, but, raptur'd, share effects of concentrated sulphuric acid on wood and linen. He has not only fully con
a copy of all the books now in the University Notes, far from earth's best harmony remov'd; firmed this discovery, so as to lay before the Press, or which have been printed at the ex- But, oh! of all the heav'nly music there, Academy an essay on the subject, and show pence of this University.
Is not the sweetest, every voice beloved ? the products resulting from the original ex
Say, as the hour of blissful death drew nigh, periments, but also extended his own expe ORIGINAL POETRY.
Did not around thy couch bright angels stand, riments, with equal success, to other simi
Reveal'd in vision to thy mental eye, lar vegetable substances, such as old paper,
And swectly whisper, “ Join our kindred band ? both printed and written upon, and cut straw. By diluting the sulphuric acid with a due
“ Leave thy poor crown of earth, whose every
gem addition of water, sawdust, cut linen, paper, Bells toll for pensants, and we heed them not;
Was but the splendid covering of a thorn; &c. were converted into gum and saccharine But, when proclaiming that the nobler die;
For thee, ev'n now a brighter diadem, matter. It must excite great interest in all Roused by the grandeur of their lofty lot,
Cluster'd with beams, by seraph hands is borne. reflecting minds, to see an indissoluble, Musing we listen, moralizing sigh. tasteless substance, like the filaments of Such knells have now a sad, familiar sound;
“ That crown not less domestic virtues twine, wood, converted, by chemical re-action, into Oh, that, which spoke worst woe to Albion's isle, Than patriot faith, unsullied, unsubdued, two new bodies, and chemistry thus exerMore unaccustom'd flung its murmurs round,
Which never purchas'd at ambition's shrine cise a power, which, but lately, appeared
Chilld the warm heart, and stole the gayest A nation's glory, with a nation's good.
smile. to belong to nature alone, and in particular
“Come! where, beyond the portals of the grave, to vegetation. For this artificial formation We cannot grieve alike o'er youth and age : The loved, the lost, to thy embraces press :
Thee, loveliest scion of the royal tree, of sugar and gum, now discovered, must not We mourn'd in anguish Time could scarce as- Lives, loves, and reigns, eternally to bless.”
Come, where a Saviour, who has died to save, be confounded with the extraction of these two substances from bodies in which they we weptmand, oh: not only wept for thee!
Jannary, 1820. already existed, a process which has been Survivors claim'd the bitterest of our tears; known froin time immemorial. What has And we bad sorrows, that were all our own;
THE COURTING. now been discovered, is a transformation, a Wc, who had cherish'd hopes for future years, metamorphosis, of which the most ingenious Too long indulged, too soon, alas ! o'erthrown.
Dear Annie, dinna tremble so, chemist had previously no idea ; and it af. But thee, the age-worn monarch of these realms, Tis but the burnie's gentle flow,
Nae warlock slily wanders here, fords a new proof of the boundless extent of Thyself survivor of each dearest tie,
And sound of stirring leaves you hear. the domain of practical chemistry: A paper we mourn not with the sorrow that o'erwhelms, upon Dr. Vogel's repetition and investiga- But with the silent tear of memory.
The birdies on the greenwood spray tion of Mr. Braconnot's experiments, and It is not now the blossom in its prime,
Have ceased their melting notes o lure, those added by himself, is promised in one Torn in fresh vigor from its parent root,
Nae troutis in the streamlet play,
But hush'd is a' the sleeping grove. of the next numbers of the Journal of Arts Scattering on vernal gales before its time, and Manufactures, published by the Bava- The golden promise of expected fruit;
Nay lassie, raise thy tearfu' ee,
Part from thy face the gowden hair;
Nor let the rosy colour flee
From that dear check so palely fair,
Deem not thae birken siller stems
Where evening bangs her dewy gems,
The burnish'd arms of hostile knight.
Then dinna, dinna, tremble so, Trinity College. Masters of Arts-Rev? To spare worse pangs than ever madncss proved,
Let luve, dear lassie, banish fear;
"Tis but thy lover's plighted vow,
His whispered faith you trembling bear.
EPITAPH Crawford Dillon, St. Edmund Hall. Bu
“ Farewell,” is ever of a mournful sound On a tomb-stone in the Churchyard of Torryburn, chelors of Arts.-William Baron, Esquire, Part when we may, 'tis parting still, at last.
At anchor now, in death's dark road, George Parker Cleather, Exeter College; But death hath now recall’d thy life once more,
Rides honest Captain Hill, David Dundas and Thomas Lambard, Stu- And the last pang, that drew thy parting breath,
Who serv'd his King, and fear'd his God, dents of Christ Church ; Henry Parsons, Seem'd to our hearts thine image to restore.
With upright heart and will,
In social life sincere and just,
To vice of no kind given; M. A. of Trinity College, was admitted Ba- But wherefore ponder not on what thou art,
So that his better part, we trust, chelor in Divinity, grand compounder. High o'er this brief abode of woe, and pain?
Hath made the port of heaven.
TO A LADY.
mistake in the date of the year." It was, in Contents of the Smurnal des Savuns fur Jan. 1820. rebell'a,
fact, exactly a year after the stipulated time. And to Mirth will I fealty swear;
C. B. Hase Leonis Diaconi Caloënsis HisBut thee must I thank, that this tyrant is queired, name of Aeteon has been given, las murle
Cerr Acteon. A stag, to which the toria.--Reviewed by dir. Raoul Rochette. För I ne'er could believe, until thee f bcheld,
John Gothofr. Lidov. Kosegarten De Mohis debât at Franconi's Circus in Puris. He hainiere Elin-Batuta Tingitano, ejusque That a smile could out-rival a téar.
performs the saine fents as a well-manéged itineribus.-- Mr. Silvestre de Sacy.
&c. This spectacle attracts crowds to the antico di bronzo del Nlusco nazionale UnghaVARIETIES.
Cirque; curious to see so timid an animal resc.-Mr. Raoul Rochette.
taught the bearing of the most courageous. Ed, Dodwell's Tour in Greece. Mr. LeThe Society of Emulation at Cambrai has
LONGEVITY.-Etienne Delarnetairie, born tronne. proposed the following subjects for the prizes blind, died lately in the hospital at Bourges,
Raoul Rochette, Deux Lettres à Nylord of 1820:
aged 103 years and 18 days. For more than Comte d'Aberdeen.-M. Letronne. The medical topography of the district of a century he was an inhabitant of a world
R. T. H. Laënnec. De l’Auscultation meCambrai : The eloge of Lamoignon de Ma- he never saw. Like many of his darkling ciiate. - V. Tessier. lesherbes (proposed in July 1818): A na companions in the Trute creation, he was tional ode, the subject of which is left to the employed for sixty years in turning a grind
METEOROLOGICAL JOURNAL. stone. choice of the candidates. The agricultural Singular Phenomenon.—During the night
FERBUARY, 1820. question, which was proposed in 1817, and deferred to the competition of 1818, is defi- of Tuesday last, there fell
, in the township Thursday, 3-Thermometer from 31 to 35.
Barometer from 30, 15 to 30, 17. nitively withdrawn. of Broughton, on the south shore, so great
Wind S.b. E. and F. Cloudy. The prize for each of these subjects' is to a quantity of a black powder, as completely Friday, 4 – Therinonoter from 1 to 35.
to cover the snow which was then on the be a gold medal, werth 200 franes.
Barometer from 30, 19 to 30,21. Dr. Bell's system of education has been ground. A small quantity of the powder Wind W..-Generally cloudy, till the even established at Irkutsk in Siberia, by the Privy lysel. (Quebec Gazette, Nor. 18.)
has been brought to town, and will be ans- ing, when it became elcar. Counsellor Speransky,
Saturday, 5-Thermometer from 31 to 43. For the information of our chemical
Parometer, from 30, 17 to 30,09. THE MOVING MOUNTAIN, - decounts
Wind S. b. E. 1. and 1. - Generally cloudy. from Namur say, that the Moving Mountain readers, we are authorized to state, that the has made terrible progress during thç night
new metal, Cadmium, originally discovered A (rizzling rain part of the afternoon. from the 30th to the 31st of January. It by Professor Stromeyer, in foreign ores of Sunday, 6 — Thermometer from 35 to 50.
Barometer from 30,05 to 30, 20. has advanced more than six feet; the comzinc, has been also found by Professor E. D.
Wind S. W. and 2. - Generally cloudy till munication between that city and Dinant, Clarke, of this nniversity, in the Derbyshire noon, the rest of the day- fine and clear. which is the great road to Paris, is shut up : of Chemistry at Glasgow, has examined the
Calamine. Dr. Thounson, Regins Professor Monulay, 7–Thermometer from 45 to 51. people must now go by way of La Plante, Cadmium obtained by Professor Clarke from
Barometer from 30, 30 to 30,31. along the Meuse, and in case the waters
Wind S. W.14. Generally cloudy. should rise as they did last month, the
our English ores, anil has confirmed his ob- Tuesday, 8 --Thermometer from 43 to 47. pas
Barometer from 30, 31 to 30,32. sage would be impossible. The house of servations. (Cambridge Chronicle.) Mr. Stapleaux is cracked by the pressure of
GEORGE BIDDER, the boy whose won Wind S. W. 2–Generally cloudy. Sunshine
in calculation have attracted so at times in the afternoon. the earth, and that of Nir. Dutilleux is much notice, has been rescued, by a public Wednesday, 9–Thermometer from 38 to 52. threatened by the neighbourhood of a mass which is sixty feet higher than the roof. subscription at Edinburgh, from the degraded
Barometer from 30, 25 to 30, 11.
Wind S. b. E. 1. and S.W.3.-Generally clear, situation of a common show, and a fund Anecdote of his late Majesty ---Among
with clouds passing: the many anecdotes of his late Majesty, with raised to give him a liberal eclucation. He
Edmonton, Middlesex. JOHN ADAMS. which the periodical press abounds, we have
is now thirteen years of age ; and the pronot seen the following :-The late celebrated gress of his mind will be watched with phimathematical instruinent maker, Mr. Rain- losophical care, by some of the learned 7%e Translation from Frenry's Memoires, &c. which
TO CORRESPONDENTS. den, was frequently deficient in punctuality, and of the Royal Society
F. S. censures as erroneously rendering “Ma and would delay for inonths, nay, for years,
glorie est faite à moi,'' as if it were the delivery of instruments bespoken from A new Society of Arts is projected in Edin
my glory is made for myself," instead of " my him. His Majesty, who had inore than burgh. It will resemble that of London, and
own glory is established" - is nol ours, but beonce experienced this dilatory disposition,
have a ball for the deposit of models, &c. longs to the English editim of the work. once ordered an instrument, which he made as at the Adelphi.
To $. V.R's two questions, ut answer, 1st. that ve Ramsden positively promise to deliver on a visited the field of Bannockburn, so cere
Two English gentlemen, some time ago, cannot till till we sre the suppresserl poem; and, certain day. The day, however, came, but
2dly, that till wc see specimens of the letters, we brated for the defeat of Edward's army. A cannot tell. not the instrument. At length Ramsden sent word to the King that it was finished; sensible countryman pointed out to thein the C.F. is utterly mistaken ; we do not even know of on which a message was sent him, desiring viere Bruce's standard was fixed during the positions of the hostile nations--the stone
the existence of any “ Theatrical Party.” Our that he would bring it himself to the Palace. battle, &c. Highly pleased with his atten, Endymion, if we may julge from his poetry, is
opinions up the stage, as on every other subject,
are impartial and unbiassed. He however answered that he would not come, unless his Majesty would proinise nottion, the gentleinen on leaving him, pressed
even more struck by the moon than his namesake to be angry with him for his want of punctu- said the honest man, returning the money,
acceptance of a crown-piece. “Na, na,"
of old. We would 10 Jupiter he had also his ality. Well, well,” said the King, let bim
taste, Endymionis soinnum dormire. come; as he is conscious of his fault it would keep your crown-piece, the English hae Conrad's lines want measure. be hard to reprove him for it.” On this paid dear aneugh already for seeing the field
ERRATA. assurance he went to the Palace, where he
of Bannockburn." (Constable's Magazine.) was graciously received; the King, after Natural History, at Wetteran, reared and
One of Plato's Infants !- Professor of In the Scotch song, last Number, for " Jude,”
read “ Gude." In the third line of the same expressing his entire satisfaction with the
Song, for “he," read" ye." In the preceding instrument, only adding, with a good natured kept for three years a cunary bird without smile, “ You have been uncommonly punc. l'exist in that state. feathers. It has been held that no bird conld
Number, p. 77, for “ Isabella in the Mourn.
ing Bride, rrad“ Isabella in the Fatal Marritual this time, Mr. Ramsden, having brought
Miscellaneous Advertiseinents, In an elegant Volume, 12mo, with a frontispiece price and P'ossession of the Holy Land. By Charles Mills, (Connected with Literature and the Arts.)
Esq. author of " A History of Muhammedanism.** In British Gallery, Pall Mall.
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of mankind; including the lives of some distingnislied by M. de Walkeimer, and translated into English by JOHN YOUNG, Keeper, Foreigners. By CECIL HARTLEY, M. A, Published. T. E. Bowdich, Esq. Conductor of the Mission to Admission 1 s.-.-Catalogue ls.
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MEMOIRS of the Life and Writings of LOUIS DE This Norel is not wholly fictitious. It will be found
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Yassi, the capital of Moldavia, is a Although Galatz is the general depót for,
smaller but better.built town, with 40,000 many goods of iinportation, it is not the. An Account of the Principalities of Wal- inhabitants and seventy churches., The principal market for them, they are conver-;
lachia and Moldavia, including vari- streets of both are paved ivith thick pieces of eil to those of Buikorest and Yassi. Coffee, ous Political Observations relating to
timber thrown across, and fastened like a sngar, pepper, ruum, lepions, oranges, and them. By Willian Wilkinson, Esq. ever, is more usefully interesting than ci-description. The local consumption of the
wooden bridge. The port of Galatz, how- foreign wines, are the principal articles of this, late British Consul to the above-men-ther, and we copy the account of it. - first, in both provinces, is calçulated at, tionel Principality London, 1820,
Galatz (the sea-port of the two principa: 1 800,000 okes every year; of the scopuri,
lities) is in Moldavia, but nearly touches 900,000 'okes; and orihe third 35,000 ukes; The bad construction in the title-page, the frontier of Wallachia : it is situated at that of the others is merely eventual Their which we have just copied, will
the beginning of the broadest and deepest iinportation, however, surpasses this qirandoubt iinpress our critical readers with part of the Danube, distant sixty miles from tity, and might be still carrieil to a greater the notion that this book is not very ex- seventy-two from Bikorest. The river is. vina, Transylvania, Temesvar, and Servia, are.
the Black Sea, sixty-five from l'assi, an: extent, as the provinces of Gallicia, Boukncellently written; and we must say that so far very navigable for ships not exceeding partly supplied with those articles by the it is not the work of a person in ha- three hundred tons burtlien. Its principal, markets of Bukorest, Yassi, and Galatz. bits of literary coinposition. The au- entrance from the sea is not very easy to The general system of this import trade thor, however, resided for several years make, owing to the islands which divide it is ill contrived, and it is subject to many inin the principalities which are his subject, into three great channels, two of which are conveniences. The purchasers hare recourse and he supplies a good deal of sensible ob- very shallow and dangerous. . But ships to the markets of Smyrna and Constantinople,
bound hither take pilots on boatıl, and with where, of course, they huy, at high prices. servation in his own way,--intelligibly this precaution, very few accidents take The goods, which have already paid custoin. If not elegantly. As Consul, he had pe place, particularly in the fine season, house duty in Turkey, are taxed with a nesv culiar opportunities for obtaining intelli The ravigation of the Danube closes in duty of the same kind, of three per cent., gence, not apparent to casual travellers ; the month of November ; and in the on being landed or brought into the principaand altogether
, he has placed the latest severest winters, even this part of the river lities, as well as with other charges of an ar. débris of the ancient and magnificent live or six weeks. In the month of March, more. The latter are not, indeed, establishment
is completely frozen orer for the space of bitrary nature, which amount to as much Eastern Empire before us in a light ships begin to inake their appearance again, by the local governments
, but merely exacted more obvious than any' in which we and as they have not the inconveniency of a by their officers, and as they are tolerated, have hitherto seen it:
tide against them, they are enabled to come they become unavoidabte, unless the propriOf the original composition of the people up close to the wharts, and to remain there etors of the goods happen to be subjects of of these Greek provinces ; of the early his- until their business is finished.
European courts, and as such, receive protory of the Pacians, and of the contests of Galatz is the great market for the protection and assistance from the consuls resi-". their descendants with the followers of Islam, duce of the two priocipalities, and the only ding in the country. we shall say nothing ; except that, about landing-place for some principal articles of Waliachia and Moldavia are at present 200 years ago, Wallachia and Moldavia were importation. Having all the resources of a supplied by Germany with all kinds of cob: definitively, subjugated by the Turks, and seaport, it is apparently a very flourishing | ton and woollen inanufactures and hardware, .. have, since that era, bcen governed, agreea- town. Its market is always well stocked either by land or by the Danube.. bly to a partial constitution left thein, by with the productious of the interior. The The plain and printed calicocs, the chintz, governors appointed by the Porte. The po- timber, masts, and staves, are conveyed to it glass and earthenware, brought to their pulation, according to the nearest calcula- along the small rivers, that come from vari- markets, are, without exreption, German ; tion, approaches to 1,000,000 of souls ous parts of the country, alid fall into the but they are called English, and as such sold in. Wallachia, and 500,000 in Moldavia, Danube nearest to it. Turre are public at higher prices than they would fetch weppe* since the last peace of Bukorest. They are granaries for the wheat, and a great number their origin inade known divided into boyars, or nobles of the different of large' warehouses, belonging to private The consumption of the woollen cloths is orders; the tradesmen of all descriptions; merchants, for all articles. It is chiefly in- very extensive; that of the superfine qualiand the peasants, with others who are liable habited by commercial ineri, who, notivith-ties alone is valued at 200,0001, sterling to the common taxes and contributions. So stanoling ihe rigour of the prohibitive inea- every year. Some french cloths are brought precarious is the station, and so rapid the sures, often find the means of cxporting into the country, but as their prices are consuccession of Hospodars or Governors in this some quantity of wheat, and other contra- siderably highrer than those of Germany, quarter, that, during 90 years, to the begin- band articles ; but their principul trade is they do not meet with much demand, French ning of this century, no fewer than forty that of importation. The town and its de- cainbrics and English muslins are always different princes reigned in Wallachia, in- pendencies are governed by treo deputics of profitable articles to speculators, and never dependantly of the time it was occupied by the Prince of Moldavia, called Percalabi. The remain long on hand. the Russians, from 1770 to 1774; by the number of the fixed inhabitants does not es As furs of all kinds form a part of the naAustrians and Russians, from 1789 to 1792; ceed seven thousand, but the great costcourse tional costume, and are besidos necessary, and by the Russians again from 1806 to of people occasioned every year by commer- owing to the natural rigour of the climate, 1812; that is to say, at the rate of a sove-cial pursuits, gives it the appearance of being they arc an article of vast importation. Ruise reign, more or less, every two years. Bu- very populous, and all the bustle of a place sia supplies the principalities with it, ad korest, the capital of Wallachia, contains of great trade. The presence, in particular, takes in return brandy and wine, and impe80,000 inhabitants, 366 churches, 20 mo- of a great number of commercial vessels, riał dacats.. nasteries, and 30 large hanns, or caravans c- increases considerably that appearance. Most of the merchants carrying on travle,