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ihoug I callous to the sufferings of corrupt | This it at last attained ;-and now, exulting / out with gold cups and candlesticks, I took man, Providence still might listen to the at the thoughts of the millions le should his cardinals, with their sleek faces, their supplications of untainted childhood, and make in a few hours, Emin took bis keys, laced petticoats, and their long trains, for grant to the innocent prayers of babes, what an opened his vaults. But O horror, bis wives; but was told he could not marry, it venied to the agonizing cry of beings | dismay! Instead of the mountains of golden though lié had his troop of Hoossa's and hardenerl in sin. Led by the linams to the wheat he had accumulated, he only beheld Medjboobs, like our own Sultan : these howtops of the highest minarets, little creatures heaps of nauseous rottenness. An aven. ever he keeps, not to guard his harem, but from five to ten years of age there raised to ging worm had penetrated into the abodes to sing in his chapel; and so dismally do Heaven their pure hands and feelle voices; fortified against fainished man! A grub they squall with their shrill pipes, that it is and while all the countless myriarls of Cairo, bail fattened on the food withheld from the called a miserere. Finding Rome a very collected round the foot of these lofty struc- starving wretch! While the clamour of ruinous place, I was glad to leave it." tures, observed a profound and mournful despair resounded without, a loathsome in From Italy, continued the Bey, silence, they alone were heard to lisp from scct had in silence achieved within the work where I saw nothing but priests and caratheir slender summits entreaties for Divine of justice. It had wrought Emin's punish- lier-scrrantes, I went to France, where I was mercy. Nor did even they continue to im- ment in darkness, while his crines shone in pestered by petit-maitres and philosophers : plore a fertility, which no longer could save the light of heaven! The miser's wealth | but they so often exchanged characters, that the thousands of starving wretches already was destroyed, the monster's hopes were all I could never tell which was which. in the pangs of death. They only beggel blasted! At the dire spectacle he uttered Strangely was my poor Turkish brain that a general pestilence might speedily ole- not a vyord: He only a few minutes con- puzzled on discovering the favorite pastime liver them from their lingering and painful templated the infected mass with the fixed of a nation, reckoned the merriest in the azony; and when, from the gildled spires, eye of despair; then fell,-fell flat on his world. It consisted in a thing called trathroughout every district of the immense face upon the putrid heap. God had smit- gedies, whose only purpose is to rend the Alasr, thousands of infantine voices went ten him! On raising his prostrate body, life heart with grief. Should the performance forth the same instant to implore the same his! fed. Like his corn, his frame was be- raise a single smile, the author is undone. siul boon, the whole vast population below come a mass of corruption !
Much however as I was bidden to cry, I could with half extinguished voices jointly answer Again returning to Constantinople, the not help roaring out with laughter, when I ed, he it!"
narration cmbraces the wars of the Porte in saw a princess in a hoop three yards wide, “ The humble request God in his merey Wallachja ; but we must pass these over, stick a huge pasteboard sword in her whalegrantul. The plague followed the scarcity, and, as our penultimate extract, copy the bone stays, for love of a prince with his and the contagion completed what the fa- description of parts of Europe from the cheeks painted all over: but my bad taste mine had begun. The human forin was mouth of Isaac Bcy, a fashionable Turk, who excited great contempt. One day they took swept away from the surface of the land, travelled into Franquestan.
me to a representation of Turks as if I had like the shadows of darkness which the dawn The genteel Turk became the fashion in not scen real ones enough. Luckily I did puts to flight. Towns, and villages, and Christendom, and every body wanted to see not find them out: for the fellow in the hainlets innumerable were bereft of their te-a Frenchified Moslemin, who eat an omelette feathered night cap I certainly would have nants to a man. The living became too few au lard, drank champaign, and wore a por- knocked down, for daring to travestie our to bury the dead. Their own houses retrait of his Circassian inistress.
holy Prophet. The place called the Opera, mained their cemeteries. Where long strings It was entertaining enough to hear Isaac with its fine shew of dancing girls, pleased of cofins at first had issued forth, no: a soli- give an account of his journey. “Unaccus-me the most of any. The first time indeed tary funeral any longer appeared. Hun- tomed," said he, “ as I was, to the shocking of my going there, on seeing a superb palace dreds of families, who had fled froin famine sight of men and women mixing in public, cruinble to pieces, I thought there was an to Syrir, were overtaken by the plague in or posture-making exhibited otherwise than earthquake, and ran out as fast as possible, the midst of their journey, and with their for hire, how did I stare, when, on my arri-expecting the whole house to come down dead boilies marked their route through the val in Christendom, I was taken to a ball at about my ears : but by degrees I got used desert. Egypt, smitten by the twofold the house of a Bey. I thougļt little of the to those things, no longer minded even the visitation, almost ceased to appear inhabited; dancing. None of the females knew how whole stage being on "fire, and, though I and both plagues at last disappeared, for to shake their hips ; but their faces I liked, could never think the show before the scenes want of further victirns to slay."
spite of their plastered heads. I went up to otherwise than very tiresome, often thought In Arabia the hero of the tale performs the one that led off, and watching my oppor- that behind them exceedingly pleasant." pilgrimages to Blecca and Medina, and his tunity, slipped a purse into her hand. I “The French are all prodigious talkers ; views of these and other arabian customs are thought she yould have boxed my ears, and but those who never ceased, were a sect of the most attractive kind. Thence to Con- every body turned up their eyes in astonishi- called economists. They were for making stantinople, Chio, (where his father dies ment, the lady being wife to the first Vizier. the country produce nothing but what might before he can see his son), and again to In my own mind the impropriety rested with be caten : forgetting that inen have eyes as Egypt, we with great delight follow the ad. herself: but the adventure made me cautious well as palates, and that if the former find venturer and a friend named Spiridion. At how I spoke. Before the unsuccessful over- nothing to feed upon, the latter will con. Cairo, the account of a iniser's death forms ture, I had secretly destined three or four of sume double quantities, -were it only to kill a fit sequel to our preceding extract. the damsels present an apartment in my time,-and thus turn economy into waste.
“ The reader may remember the dreadful harem on the channel ; unfortunately, one This I ventured to observe: but they shrugfamine which I had left hanging qver Egypt. was the daughter of the Reis-Effendi, the ged up their shoulders, and said I was a Einin, on this occasion, was one of the pro- other the wite of the Cazi-Asker, and the Turk?'" vitlent. During the years of plenty he had third the Spanish embassadress : so I only Being so ncar England I had a mind laid by for those of want. But, like the ant, offered them a pinch of snuff.
to visit London. My French friends, I mean he laboured for himself, and cared not to “ At Rome I went to see the grand Mufti of the female sex-all opposed the idea of share his savings with the idle. Though of the Christians, who bears the same visiting those savage people, for no purpose his granaries groaned under their loads of title with our Greek papases. He appeared but të lose all iny newly acquired good corn, he saw unmoved the thousands of a very modest, well behaved, quiet gentle breeding. "Life is not long enough," said wretches who every day perished with hun inan. His suite made more fuss about him Madame de Mirian, “ to thaw the icy coldger under their very walls. When the bodies than he did about himself. They dressed ness of their first reception. They will inof the sutierers choaked up the entrances of and undressed him a dozen times in the mid- deell tell you, as they did me, that if your his store houses, he still refused to unbar ille of the church, changed his caps, fed lungs can but stand their smoke a dozen their surly gates, until the corn had reached him, and sang to him. “As I stood a good years, you may be admitted to the honor of the exorbitant price fixed by his avarice. way from the table, which was richly decked stirring their fire, -that is to say, -of find
ing yourself at home in their chimney | except at any hands. Even when—as too In this way hour after hour and day after corner ; but, in the mean time, if you dress soon it did —his reason began to wander, day rolled on, without any progress in our like themselves, you will be left to your own his filial affection retained its pristine hold of voyage, while all I had left to do was to sit meditations, and if you vary from them, his heart. It had grown into an adoration doubled over my child's couch, watching all were it only in the width of your shoe-straps, of his equally doating father ; and the mere his wants, and studying all his looks,-trying, you will be stifled with impertinent curiosity: consciousness of any presence scemed to re- but in vain, to discover some amendment. to say nothing of their churlishness in not lieve his uneasiness.
O for those days!"-I now thought,admitting strangers otherwise than by sea, Had not my feelings, a few moments only “ when a calm at sea appeared an intolerable and prohibiting all French articles !" before, been those of such exceeding happi- evil, only because it stopped some tide of
“ These last instances of ill breeding per- ness, I should not so soon perhaps have con- folly, or delayed some scheme of vice ! suaded me: and as I had a French article of ceived great alarm : but I had throughout At last one afternoon, when, totally exwhich I was very fond, I stayed at Paris till life found every extraordinary burst of joy hausted with want of sleep, I sat down by the accession of my Imperial master made followed by some unforeseen calamity; and my child in all the composure of torpid desme return home, and console myself for the my exultation had just risen to so unusual pair, the sailors rushed in one and all :- for pleasures I quitted by the honors which a pitch, that a deep dismay now at once even they had felt my agony, and deated on awaited me."
struck me to the heart. I felt convinced any boy. They came to cheer me with bet· The third volume ranges through that I had only been carried to so high a pin- ter tidings. A breeze had just sprung up! Egypt, Arabia, (among the Bedoweens, nacle of joy, in order to be hurled with The waves had again begun to ripple, and and Wahhab tribes,) Malta, Sicily, greater ruin into an abyss of woe. Such be the lazy keel to stir
. As minute pressed on Italy, &c. ; but we have no room for caine my anxiety to reach Trieste, and to minute the motion of the ship became swift
obtain the best medical assistance, that even the particulars. Enough to say, that while the ship continued to cleave the waves wanting but a first impulse, -- we again
er ; and presently,--as if nothing had been Anastasius has a son named Alexis, like an arrow, I fancied it lay like a log upon dashed through the waves with all our foriner whom he recovers in Egypt after many the inain. How then did my pangs increase speed. dangers, and bears off in gladness and when, as if in resentment of my unjust com Every hour now brought us visibly nearer triumph to Europe. · The loss of this plaints, the breeze, dying away, really left the inmost recess of the deep Adriatic, and child cannot be perused with a dry eye- our keel motionless on the waters. My an- the end of our journey. Pola seemed to we never read any thing more powguish balled all expression.
glide by like a vision: presently we passed erfully affecting ; and with this pathetic my senses, except from the need I stood in nutes :-at last we descried Trieste itself!
In truth I do not know how I preserved | Fiume: we saw Capo d'Istria but a few mistroke we take our leave of an author ottheir aid :—for while we lay cursed with Another half hour, and every separate house who has delighted us much, as his absolute immobility, and the sun ever found became visible; and not long after we ran fancieil hero does of all earthly enjoy- us on rising in the same place where it had full sail into the harbour. The sails were ment.
left us at setting, my child-my darling child taken in the anchor was dropped, and a boat My cousin's letter had promiscıl me a
-was every instant growing worse, and instantly came along side. brilliant lot, and what was better-my own sinking apace under the pressure of illness. All the necessary preparations had been pockets ensured me a decent competence. To the deep and flushing, glow of a com- made for immediately conveying my patient The refinements of an Earopean education plexion far exceeding in its transient bril- on shore. Wrapped up in a shawl, he was should aid every external elegance to my lianey even the brightest hues of health, had lifted out of his crib, laid on a pillow, and boy's innate excellence, and, having my- succeeded a settled, unchanging, deadly lowered into the boat, where I held him in self moderately enjoyed the good things of paleness. His eye, whose round full orb was my lap, protected to the best of my power this world, while striving to deserve the wont to beam upon me with mild but fervent from the roughness of the blast and the dashbetter promised in the next, I should, ere radliance, now dim and wandering, for the ing of the spray, until we reached the quay. my friends became tired of my dotage, re
most part remained half closed ; and, when In my distress I had totally forgotten the sign my last breath in the arms of my child. -roused by my address—the idol of my heart taint contracted at Melada, and had purpo
The blue sky seemed to smile upon my strore to raise his languid look, and to meet sed, the instant we stepped on shore, to carry cheerful thoughts, and the green wave to the fearful enquiries of mine, he only shewed my child straight to a physician. New anmurmur approbation of my plan. Almighty all the foriner fire of his countenance extinct. guish pierced my soul when two bayonets God! What was there in it so heinous, to In the more violent bursts indeed of his un- crossed upon my breast forced me, in spite deserve that an inexorable fate should cast ceasing delirium, his wasting features some of my alternate supplication and rage, to reit to the winds.
times acquired a fresh but sad expression.. inain on the jettee, there to wait his coming In the midst of my dream of happiness my
He would then start up, and with his feeble and his previous scrutiny of all our healthy eye fell upon the darling object in which cen- hands clasped together, and big tears rolling crew. All I could obtain as a special favour tered all its sweets. Insensibly my child's down his faded cheeks, beg in the most
was, a messenger to hurry his approach, prattle had diminished, and had at last sub- moving terms to be restored to his home; while, panting for his arrival, 1 sat down sided in an unusual ilence I thought he but mostly he seemed absorbed in inward with my Alexis in my arms under a low shed looked pale :-his eyes seemed heavy, and musings, and no longer taking note of the which kept off a pelting shower. I scarce his lips felt parched. The rose, that every passing hour-he frequently during the know how long this situation lasted. My morning still so fresh, so erect on its stalk, course of the day moved his pallid lips, as if mind was so wrapped up in the danger of my at mid-day hung its heavy head, discoloured, repeating to himself the little prayer which boy as to remain wholly unconscious of the wan, and fading :-but so frequently had he had been wont to say at bed time and at bustle around, except when the removal of the billows, during the fury of the storm, rising, and the blessings I had taught him to some cask or barrel forced me to shift my drenched my boy's little crib, that I could add, addressed to his mother in behalf of his station. Yet, while wholly deaf to the unnot wonder he should have felt their effects father. If,-wretched to see him thus, and ceasing din of the place, I could discern the in a severe cold. I put him to bed, and tried doubly agonised to think that I alone had faintest rumour that seemed to announce the to hush him to sleep. Soon however his been the cause—I burst out into tears which approaching physician. O how I cursed his face grew flushed, and his pulse became fe- I strove to hide, his perception of outward | unfeeling delay: how I would have paved verish. I failed alike in my endeavours to objects seemed all at once for a moment to his way with gold, to have hastened his procure him repose and to afford him return. He asked me whether I was hurt, and coming :- and yet a something whispered amusement:--but though play things were would lament that, young and feeble as he continually in my ear that the utmost speed repulsed, and tales no longer attended was, he could not yet nurse me as he wished; of man no longer could avail. to, still he could not bear me an instant out --but promised me better care when he Ah! that at least, confirmed in this sad of his sight; nor would he take any thing
persuasion, I might have tasted the heart-ren
ding pleasure of bestoring npon my departing insults: tlic ultras could not say any thing not however infer from the words primus child the last earthly endearments but, wurse:
instituit, that Ludius was the first who tranquil, composed and softly stuinbering as But the inagnaninity of the liberals is conceived the idea of painting landscapes. he looked, I feared to disturb a repose, on above this insignificant abuse. Not satisfied According to the evident meaning of the which I founded my only remaining hopes. With praising the man, the soldier, and the whole passage, Ladius was only the first All at once, in the midst of my despair, 1 herd; they must render homage to the legis- who introduced the use of landscape at saw a sort of smile light up my darling's lator and the founder of liberty. This is not Rome, for the purposes of decoration on the features, and, hard as I strove to guard an casy task ; Buonaparte's manners were not walls, porticos, vestibules, aml even the against all vain illusions, I could not at this liberal; he was full of action, spoke little, and external parts of buildings. sight stop a ray of gladness from gliding un- seldom listened. But no matter, the Buona Many ancient paintings, which are called checked into my trembling heart. Short parte of the tIunIred Days compensates for the arabesques, prove that landscape was em"however was the joy : soon vanished the de- other. At that period he opened his eyes toployed in the compartments of this species ceitful sytıptom! On a doser riew it only the lights of the age; he listened!, permitted of ornament; and the style of the composiappcared to have been a slight convulsion us to write as much as we pleased, and on his tions of Ludius, as Pliny describes them, which had hurried over my child's now tran- return froin Waterloo, promiscul us a pretty seems to have been here copied in miniaquil countenance, as will sometimes dart little constitutional Prince. But what were his ture. over the smooth mirror of a dormant lake thoughts on this subject, and how did he pro But did the Greeks, in the flourishing age the image of a bird in the air. It looked fit by the lessons he had received ? “ The of their painting, practice landscape as a like the response of a departing angel, to securest lever of power is a military force, separate branch? This is a question which those already on high, that hailer his speedy which the law grants an:l genius (lirects. cannot be answered but by conjecture. That coming. The soul of my Alexis was fast What signifies all the reasoning of sophists, they practised in detail, and partially imipreparing for its flight.
when authority is in full vigour? In the tated all the objects of which landscape is Lest he might feel ill at case in my lap, long run, those who obey become accustoin. composed, cannot be doubted, since these oliI laid him down upon my cloak, and kneeled ed to the yoke; the sword is drawn, and the jects were necessary parts in the back grounds hy his side to watch the growing change in factious are hurled to the dust. Reason is of their pictures, and equally indispensable his features. The present now was all to convention. Hobbes was the Newton of accessaries in their compositions." Yet in me: the future I knew I no longer should politics ; his gospel is the best of all. The the pretty extensive list which Pliny gives of reck. Feeling my breath close to his cheek, grand point of policy is to attain its end ; tlic great painters of Greece and their works, he half opened his eye, looked as if after a the means are of small consequence.” he says nothing which can lead to a suslong absence again suddenly recognizing his These maxims accord so ill with certain picion of the existence of the department in father, and-putting out his little mouth- liberal lectures, that several journals have question; and there are more reasons tuan seemed to crave one last token of love. The denied the authenticity of the publication. one to induce the belief, that in the most temptation was too powerful: 1 gently pres. They are right; for this is certainly the fourishing periods of the art, especially, this sed iny lip upon that of my babe, and gathered shortest mode of refutation. The prisoner branch was unknown or neglected. from it the proffered kiss. Life's last faint treats the journalists in a very cavalier-like We meet also with the same negligence in spark was just going forth, and I caught it style. “Ihc conductors of the Censeur,” the first two centuries of the revival of the arts on the threshold. Scarce had I drawn back he says, “ are visionaries who ought to be among the moderns ; and even at the my face, when all respiration ceased. His sent to Charenton, for they are sowing the period when they were at their height, that eye-strings brokc, his features fell, and his seeds of discord and hatred. Snch declaim- is, in the 16th century, we do not find that Jimbs stiffened for ever. All was orcr: ers should be restricted and repressed. landscape was treated separately. Alexis was no more.
There nerer can be a republic in France ; It was in the Venetian school, that it began the sincere republicans are idcots, and the to share with historical subjects, the attenrest are intriguers."
tion of painters, and space in their pictures. [From the French.)
Finally, though rude apothegms be direct. The success of landseape depends on the
ed against our regenerators and pretended knowledge of the two kinds of perspective, On perusing the Marimes et Pensées du constitutionalists, the latter may find some especially of that called aërial; and this latter Prisonnier de Sainte-Helène*, we were not consolation in the pamphlct, for men no less owed its developement to the schools of the a little surprised at the very unequivocal profound are treated with equal irreverence. colourists alone : in fact, we find the most marks of contempt with irhich Napoleon Machiarel is styled an ignorant fool, Locke beautiful studies of landscape in the histotreats some of the principal leaders of the a poor logician, Montesquieu a mere bel rical pictures of Titian, Bassano, and TinKiberal party. "The present heads of the esprit, and Tacitus a declaimer and dotard. toret. factions in France," he says, are dwarfs After this, it is not surprising that Jupiter It is perhaps in the Netherlands that we mounted on stilts: they are for the most Scapin should be so severe on the Abbé de must look for the first painters, who made part mere prattlers. The Abhé de Pradt Pradt.
landscape a distinct branch, and applied their has produced homilies, plans of campaigns,
talents to it exclusively : at the head of these and histories : he is an excellent romantic
painters we must place Matthew and Paul writer, and a pleasant archbishop. I made a
Brill. The latter died at Rome in 1626. It Tribune of Benjamin Constant, and I re
[From the Journal dos Savans.] was really the 17th century which established moved him when he began to declaim. His
this branch, and in which it flourished with mind is like that of a geometrician-it pro
Theorie du Paysage, &c. par. 1. B. De- the greatest splendour. Claude Lorraiire, ceeds everlastingly by theorems and corol
perthes. 8vo. pp. 300.
the two Poussins, and Salvator Rosa, who laries." Assuredly the faith of these men
Landscape, treated separately as a distinct lived in that century, attained the limits of must be rery robust, their principles of branch of painting, does not seem to have perfection in the various characters which liberalism must be very firmly rooted, when occupied a place in the practice of the arts, nature presents to the landscape painter. they can thus suffer themselves to be styled among the ancients, before the reign of Au Yet though inany other parts of imitation romance-writers, geoinetrical orators, prat- gustus, at which time Ludius, areording to in the arts of design have exereised the pens tters, and dwarfs mounted on stilts' For- Pliny, introduced at Rome the custom of of different writers, and obtained from several merly all this miglit have been borne with decorating interiors, with views of rural artists theories or treatises, landscape, so the resignation inspired by the presence of scenes. The descriptions which Pliny gives fruitful in delicate observations, and in prethe Genius of Victory; formerly these trifles of the paintings of Ludius, leave no doubt cepts, such as the art of writing can invest were current coin, tout now they are gross respecting the branch which lic cultivated, with poetic forins, had not been the subject
and which included also marine riews : of any work calculated to develope its rules, Published as from the papers of Las Casas. muritimas urbes pingere instituit: we must and to explain its beauties, either in nature,
or in the application inade of thein, in the are inuch more nuinerous than those represen-racter of cach tree, whether it be clothed in masterpieces of great artists.
ting sun rising ; which may be because in the its leaves, or stripped of them. Mr. Deperthes has conceived this project, foriner the toues are more divided, because Spring will give to his studies more atand has executed it with equal taste and the maguificence of the scene inore forcibly tractions and more extent. In the eyes of skill. He has not aimerl at composing strikes the imagination, and is more deeply the vulgar, the verdure which alorns the an elementary treatise: a work of this kind, impressed upon it. The anthor thinks, also, fields, the hills
, the orchards, the meadows, however methodical, can never supply the that the model of this monent of the day is presents as it were only one tint. What want of the lessons of a master
. In all the more frequently before the eye of the artist; appears so agrceeble to the eye in nature, arts of design, there is a practical instruction, for in fact, the habits of social life do not per- would however havea very badeffect in the imiof which books cannot transmit the object, init us to be so often witnesses of the sun tation : for nothing is more displeasing in a or even coinınunicate the spirit. Whoever rising.
landscape than an excess of green tints ; and pretends to give lessons, and lay down rules The night is included among what are nothing is therefore inore difficult than to to the artist, in writiny, must suppose him called the four parts of the day; aml it is succeed in expressing, by painting, the already advanced in his art, and arrived at one of the favourite subjects of the landscape charins of spring. The art of the landscape that degree of practical skill, which will en-painter: but how can night be painted, since painter, in studying these tints of tender able hiin to receive that superior instruction it extinguishes all colours ? Night, tuo, has green, is to discorer their varieties, and to which is to direct his inind and his taste its sun. At the appearance of the moon, a express their gravlations so as to strike the more than his hand. This is the point which new light illumines all objects : its lustre, eye. Mr. Deperthes requires the scholar for whom thongli far inferior to that of the sun, suffices Summer shews nature to the landscape he destines his theory to have attaineil. to dispel darkness, and hy means of strongly painter, with the full formed features, if we
He has divided it into two parts, and each marked shadows, produces the most striking may so express it, of the age of virility. is subdivided into two subjects of obscr- effects. The author advises his pupil, above Every object of imitation has acquired its vation,
all things, to penetrate into the forests ; to form, its determinato colour, its developeIn the first part the author lets his pupil see there the infinite variety of the effects of ment, and a durable aspect. This is the go through two courses of landscape study. this silvery light. He observes further, that scason to put in practice the lessons of The first relates particularly to the stusly of of all phenomena, that of the inoon-light winter in the conformation of trees ; but adthe sky, which lills so important a place, may be studied with the most precision. vantage must also be taken of it, for the and acts, as it were, the first part in this All around the painter is calm, all appears study of a multitude of plants, which kind of instruction; since in the picture, as in stationary, all invites to contemplation and have but now acquired their growtli
, which nature, it is from the sky that the light favours the operations of the memory; for have attained all their beauty, and which are comes; and this light, which is the soul of it is almost always from memory that the to act an important part in the foreground the picture, is subject, and renders objects landscape painter must work ; and if he can, of the picture. Summer is the season, when and their effects subject to numberless va during the day, catch with his pencil some the most brilliant light illumines all the obrieties and modifications.
effects, notwithstanding their perpetual mo- jects circumscribed by the horizon; when the But these varieties are reduced to four bility, he is forbidden from doing the same heat produces most of those phenomena, principal ones, pointed out by the four parts by night; and even if the moon should girc which seem to be beyond the power of imiof the day. It is at sunrise that the author him sufficient light, yet it would be a deceit- tation ; those burning skies, those inasses of gives his first lesson. The difficulties which ful light, the falseness of whieh would clouds which contain the thunder in their this moment of the day presents to the imi-be shewn by that of the day.
bosom, those impetuous winds which make tator, have their foundation in that species of If the first course of study in the first part the forests bend, and raise the dust in clouds. mysterious veil which nature then assuincs of the work, sccins to be contined to the It is in this season that nature offers to the a veil, says the author, sulliciently transparent space of a day, this is merely in consequence landscape painter the most varied scenes, in to let us see all her charms, but not to per- of the theoretical analysis of the subject : the heavens, in the earth, and in the empire mit us easily to distinguish the lineaments of the second course, for the same reason, of the waters. all her features. This moment of the day comprises the space of a year.
But autumn will often have the preference is that which is peculiarly adapted to the The author proceeds toʻshew his pupil the over summer, for the richness of the tints of study of aerial perspective.
model which he is to imitate, under the four the foliage, and the diversity of tone spread The middle of the day is the time when aspects, which the four seasons present. over all nature. During this season the the study of nature has the fewest real dilti
He begins, and that on good, grounds, landscape painter must hasten his studies ; culties ; the artist must profit by it, to catch with the winter. Trees are the chicf orna- for each day making a remarkable change objects as they are: if in effet, each object ment of landscapes ; but the study of trees in the features of his model, he must be is then visible, without any alteration, it is has its anatomy, like that of the human apprehensive that it will soon offer him only then also, that it is the most casy to reinark, bolly; and as the knowledge of the muscles a cold and discoloured image. first the innumerable varieties of forms and cannot be acquired from living bodies, it is Thus our author comes back to the point tints spread over all her productions, and necessary, in the same manner, to study the whence he set out, to winter; which he again then that harmony which blends together all tree in that kind of state of death to which considers, with respect to the pictures which her parts, even those which are the most winter seems to have reduced it, after having this season of mourning affords, but which dissimilar. This magical union is effected by stripped it of the foliage, which, to the eye, is not so dull to the landscape painter as to means of the reflections which take place gives it life ; for how shall we get acquainted the inhabitant of cities. Winter also has its from one objeet to another
. The middle of with the form of the great branches, and the charms, its green trees, its varied effects, its the day is the hour for those stuulies of liar- trne arrangement of the smallest boughs, snows, the lustre of which is enhanced by nony,which are among the inost momentous when all these co-ordinate parts are concealed the contrast of lighter fires. The ice also to the landscape painter ; at this hour too, under the covering with which vegetation has its sports, its promenades, its diversious; he must study the clouds, their combinations, astorns them? The structure of the tree and the painter does not now.want either their effects, and all the aecidents of light must therefore be studied in the only season objects of observation, or subjects proper and shade rapidly succeosiing each other, and when the eye can follow it, from the origin for the display of his talents. forming compositions which seem the most of the trunk to the supmit of the highest The second part of the theory of landarbitrary, and yet are nevertheless subject to branches. This winter study includes also scape is also in iwo sections, and this divigeneral laws.
that of the forms and colours of the bark of sion results from the distinction which has The effects of evening, and those of the every species of trec; and it is by a repeated been introduced into this kind of painting, setting sun, seem to present tewer difficulties series of observations, made in this season, between those compositions which scem than those of the lawn of day. It is re- that the landscape painter will learn to dis- to be only faithful portraits of scites existing marked that landscapes representing sunsets, tinguislı, and to express the peculiar cha- in each country, of their productions, their
buildings, their inhabitants, and those coin. ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE. cribed to the irregular curvature of the terpositions, in which the artist transports the
restrial meridian, or to a local attraction oc scene he has imagined into a country of his
curring in some places, which diverted the own creation, and which he embellishes
Mr. Dupin and the Quarterly Reriere.
pluinmet from its vertical direction, or to with the most pleasing or the most noble
small faults, remaining constant for a time, subjects which fable or history presents.
A valued correspondent has drawn our in the astronomical instruments employed. The author treats also of landscapes con work on Marine Establishinents, &c. in the struments, however ingenious the contrir
attention towards a notice of Mr. Dupin's Experience has proved that in all such insidered in what he calls the rural style, and last Number of the Quarterly Review (page ance and however excellent the workmanwhat hc calls the historical style.
57), which he considers as not remarkable ship, such slight permanent faults may occur, This division naturally classes in two for urbanity; and we are convinced that if the and that they are as difficult to discover as to distinct series his observations on the Reviewers had been aware of the circum- avoid. The only means to be fully secure merits and the beauties of the two schools, stances of the case, they would not have in- from them appears to be to repeat the obwhich have distinguished themselves in the serted Mr. Dupin's allegations without a re- servations with ditferent instruments. The two styles.
proof rather than a tacit acknowledgment of judicious liberality of the King has enabled The landscapes of the Flemish and Dutch their justice. Mr. D. states in substance, | Professor Schumacher to do this. The asschool belong to the first. We should here that when he, accompanied by a learned tronomical part of the English measurement accompany the author, and collect his re- doctor, visited the Library of Dublin Uni
executed with the admirable zenith marks on the different degrees, or the va-versity, he was obliged to go on hastily sector of Rainsden, and that of the French rieties of the talents of a multitude of mas- without stopping any where, and watched with the repeating circles of Borda. The ters, who have cach taken nature under as if he were suspected of a design to steal a King has borrowed the first from the English diverse aspects, and who have inade their book; and this, the Reviewers observe, is Government, for the Danish measurement; pictures a kind of mirrors, in which theory sufficient to justify, in some measure, his que the place of the latter has been more than inay sometimes cause its lessons and the rulous remarks respecting Ireland. It is with supplied by a most excellent eighteen-inch application of its precepts to be better under- pleasure we car, redeem that country and tho repeating 'circle, by Reichenbach, with an stood.
University of Dublin from the aspersions improvement in the mechanism. Here, In the second division are the great inas-cast upon them by the foreign traveller ; for therefore, the two kinds of instruments were ters of the French and Italian schools, who which purpose we trust the following expla- first used together, which in preceding meahave found means to make their landscapes nation, in the words of our correspondent
, surements had been employed singly; and historical pictures, either by ennobling the will be deemed quite satisfactory.
between which a comparison was first made forms of nature, or by introducing subjects
“ Mr. Dupin, though acquainted with last year, on the journey of the French asof history or mythology, by adorning them sone of the Fellows and Professors, from tronomers England, and by the convey. with ornaments borrowed from the arts of whom he received every attention due to a ance of the zenith sector of Ramsden to antiquity, or by reproducing in them alle- stranger and a man of letters, chose, when Dunkirk. But Professor Schumacher has gories by turns ingenious or affecting.
visiting the Libraries to be introduced by a also obtained another zenith sector, by As easy as it has been to follow the author gentleman who was totally unconnected with Troughton, an artist no ways inferior to in the didactic march of the first part of his the University, had only taken many years Ramsden ; and possesses also what is called treutisc, so difficult would it be, above all since the degree of Bachelor of Arts, and the universal measuring instrument, by Reiin an article of a journal
, to give an account who, from his professional and other avo- chenbach. Thus richly furnished, and seof a series of observations suggested by the cations, had probably no knowledge of the conded by most able assistants, this celeview of the masterpieces of great artists; ob- rules which govern the Library. Had Mr. brated astronomer and distinguished obscrver servations, of which he himself more than Dupin applied to the proper means for pro- will probably solve all doubts. Next year once acknowledges, that it would be difficult curing access to the literary collections in (1827) the Professor will go with all luis instruto render their value palpable in a discourse; Dublin, no doubt he would have felt hiin-ments to Skagen, the most northerly station, so hard is it for beauties, which address self bound to praise the public as liberally, then repeat his observations at Lunenburg
, themselves to the eyes, to find equivalents as he has praised the private hospitality of with the instruments not yet employed which may render thein sensible to the Ireland.”
there; and lastly, in autumn, measure the mind.
first basis in the neighbourhood of Hamburg. In fact, this second part is only the ap
It is much to be wished that the governments
ARTS AND SCIENCES. plication (demonstrated by the works) of the
of Germany may be induced to follow the laustudies, the importance of which has been DR. OLBERS ON THE MEASUREMENT OF AN
dable example of Denmark, and by joining the enforced, and their order prescribed, in the
measurement there, continue the arc of the ARC OF THE MERIDIAN, IN DENMARK.
meridian to be measured (which from Ska
Bremen, December, 1819. Our readers will perceive how much scope
gen to Lunenburg, will be about 41 degrees)
The operations for measuring an arc of to the frontiers of Italy, where it would be the subject of this theory might afford for the meridian, which the King of Denmark easy to prolong it still farther. A great deal descriptions, and for the abuse of that des- has ordered to be carried on in his dominions, has already been done in Germany and Italy; criptive style, which so soon becomes fati- between Lunenburg and Skagen, were which perhaps only wants to be connected guing, particularly in prose. We must be on account of the gloomy weather, closed for together, and with the Danish measurement. obliged to the author for baving avoided this year about the end of October at Lyssab- It were also to be wished that some triangles affectation and excess in this respect. The bel, in the island of Alsen. The lovers of might be measured from Bremen to those in work recommends itself by a due measure science in all Europe are justly attentive to Holstein ; thus fully to rectify the geographiof reason and imagination, of taste and the progress of this operation, which being cal position of our city, as hitherto deterjudgment, of precepts put in action, and carried on according to the enlightened or- mined by astronomical observations, by examples submitted to criticism. It will be ders, and with the liberal support of his means of a comparison with the perfect data agreeable to those who seek in the arts only Danish Majesty, under the direction of a which will be furnished by the measurernent pleasure, useful to those who desire to in- most able astronomer, Professor Schumacher, in Denmark. W. Olbers. vestigate the grounds of their enjoyments, promises to throw light on many important advantageous to amatears to enlighten their subjects, both in the French and English Glass FROM
Straw.-Wheat straw, taste, necessary to artists to perfect their measurements of the meridian: there always without any addition, may be welted into studies, to direct their judginent, and to en- appeared certain anamolies between the seve-colourless glass with the blow-pipe. Barley rich their imagination.
ral parts of the arcs measured, and it re- straw melts into a glass of a topaz yellovy muned doubtful whether they were to be as- colour. (Constable's Magasine.)