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was carried by 313 to 95. The Bill was

time Charles II. places were frequently then read the third time.

omitted in one Parliament to which the A clause, proposed by way of rider, by King sent his writ in another. Since the Mr. Wharton, authorising reporters to at- Revolution, however, no such changes had tend meetings, on sending their names to been made, the evil consequences arising the magistrates 24 hours before, was op- from which had been, that the small boposed by Lord Castlereagh, and supported roughs had become notoriously corrupt, by Mr. Tierney and others. It was nega- and in some instances called irresistibly tived without a division. One proposed for punishment. This was obrious in ibe by Mr. Hume, empowering magistrates to cases of the boroughs of Cricklade and admit reporters, was negatived, on a divi. Shoreham. He believed there were vasion, by 262 to 83. A clause, proposed by rious modes of election in these boroughs ; Mr. Hutchinson, providing that the Bill one was, as he understood, by a direct neshould not extend to Ireland, was nega- gociation with the Treasury, in which the tived, on a division, by 265 to 69. Some

Treasury defrayed the expences of the verbal amendments were then made, and election in consideration of having the the Bill passed.

vote. Others were taken by jodividuals

themselves on private speculations, for HOUSE OF LORDS, Dec. 14.

contracts, privileges, &c. and these were The Seditious Meetings Prevevtion Bill the persons, who, by voting with Ministers, was brought up from the Commons, and decided the great questions of peace, war, read the first time.

and taxation ; and that too without the Lord Liverpool suggested that the Bill risk that would attend even an absolute might be read a second time on Thursday, monarch, the fear of public censure ; for, and that the debate on the principle should as the names of the majority were seldom take place on the question for going into published, these persons sinned with the the Committee on Friday.

impunity of obscurity. The Noble Lord This arrangement, after a few observa. contended, that this was a system which tions from Lord Holland and the Marquis ought not any longer to exist ; the power of Lansdown, was agreed to.

of election ought to be taken from the

rotten boroughs, and given to Manchester, In the Commons the same day, Lord J. Sheffield, Leeds, Halifax, Birmingham, Russell said, he rose on the present occa- &c. large towns which had increased in sion under considerable embarrassment, in population within the last half century fourconsequence of the importance of the sub- fold, and some of them now contained upject out of which his present motion arose, wards of 100,000 inhabitants. Maocbesand increased by the change which had ter, for instance, at present contained uptaken place in the state of the country wards of 110,000, being an increase from since he gave his notice on the subject, at 28,000 within the course of the last centhe end of last Session. At this period tury. He was persuaded, if the right of there were two parties in the country-one election were transferred to these towns contending for extraordinary privileges, we should have a House less inclined to attached to old institutions; the other, de- war, and of course less called on to impose sirous of overturning old institutions alto. taxes. And it should also be considered, gether. He was, however, encouraged to that this House was the guardian of the bring forward his present motion by recol. public expenditure, and as such ought not lecting that Mr. Pitt, in 1788, brought for- to encourage any useless expenditure or ward a motion and submitted a plan simi- extravagant waste. The famous question lar to that he was now about to propose. of the increasing influence of the Crown The Noble Lord then cited the opinion of brought forward by Mr. Dunning, was carMr. Pitt, as to the necessity of Reform, and ried by a majority of 18, but, in the same said, he founded his opinion now on that session, a question of economy was lost, it given by Mr. Pitt at that time. He would appearing that though a majoriiy of the not now enter into the abstract question of county members of four to three were in general suffrage, or into the argument favour of the economical measures, yet the whether universal or various suffrage was majority of borough members, and at least preferable, but only observe that, as cir- eight out of nine of the members of a large cumstances varied, a variance in systems county were with Ministers. The Noble was necessary. A town which centuries Lord cited several similar instances up to ago sent Members to Parliainent might the present time, and urged these facts as now be scarcely able to superintend the reasons for Reform: he would now prorepairs of a bridge ; and places then pose certain resolutions to that effect. merely villages might now be fit to send The first of which would be that boroughs members to the Legislature ; and this convicted of corrupt practices should be change inight, he contended, take place deprived of the right of election. The without any invasion of the Constitution, second resolution that the right of election and had repeatedly taken place. Till the should be given to large towus. The third

resolution

1

PART II.) Proceedings in the present Session of Parliament.

627

resolution was, that it was necessary the he could on that subject; and the promise House should take into further considera- of the Noble Lord opposite, that should the tion the subject of reform in election. Morer bring in a Bill to disfranchise GramThe fourth, that the borough of Gram. poood, he should not oppose it, was no pound, having been found guilty of corrupt trivial concession. practices, should no longer send Members Lord J. Russell expressed his satisfaction to Parliament, And the Gfth, that the at the result of the debate, as the Noble right of election should be transferred from Lord had gone much beyond what he had that borough to some populous town. The expected. He should not say a word that Noble Lord continued at some length, to might disturb a harmony so desirable. He urge arguments in support of his motion, should withdraw the motion, and give nobut in a tope so low as to render it ex- tice that on Thursday he should move for tremely difficult to collect what he said in leave to bring in a Bill to disfranchise the The gallery. He, however, strongly urged borough of Grampound. the House to take this question into its Lord Milton rejoiced at the turn the demost serious consideration, and throw out bate had taken, and thought the Mover jus. some measures of conciliation to the peo- tified in withdrawing the resolutions. ple, by which alone, he believed, the Con- The Resolutions were withdrawn. stitution could be preserved.

The House went into a Committee on Lord Normanby seconded the resolu- the Seizure of Arms Bill, tious.

Mr. Bennet moved that information on Lord Castlereagh thought it of the last oath of concealed arms should be taken importance that the House should attend by two Magistrates, instead of one. to the practical question, and oot suffer the After a debate of some length, the House subject to travel into the wide field of Par. divided-For the motion 107, against it liamentary Reform. The speech of the 215-Majority 108. Noble Mover was extremely temperale ;

The other clauses of the Bill were gone but it did not completely separate the ge- through, the House resumed, and the Re. neral topic of Parliamentary Reform from 'port was ordered to be received the follow. the particular question before the House. ing day. Al no time had a more morbid feeling prevailed on that subject than the present, for

Dec. 15. there was a spirit abroad that undervalued A Petition from the Booksellers of Lon any change that might be made in the don was presented by Mr. J. Smith, pointstate of the representation ; and any steps ing out, io a temperate and respectful magthat might be taken by Parliament on the ner, the evils to which they considered they subject, would probably be imputed to the would be liable, in common with the trade influence of fear. It was much to be de. generally, if the Bill for Repressing Sedi. sired that the House should show the tious Libels were to pass in its present country, that no essential difference pre. forro. (See p. 559.) vailed on the subject of Reform on either The Petition having been brought up and side of the House. To this principle of read, Lord Castlereagh stated that when the disfranchising a borough that bad abused House went into a Committee on the Bill the right of returning Members to Parlia. to which it referred, it was his intention to ment, he should freely give his support, propose an alteration in it which would, in and that this right should be transferred to a great measure, meet the views of the peothers. As to the borough in question, no titioners. He afterwards added, that he opposition, he presumed, would be made did not mean to press the punishment of to the plan proposed by the Noble Lord; Transportation, into the case of a second and in that point he perfectly concurred convictioo for a seditious or blasphemous will the Noble Mover. The ouly question libel, but should substitute for it that of was, what was to be done with the franchise Banishment, at the discretion of the Court. of that borough. He hoped the Noble If the person banished returned into the Lord would not throw the apple of discord country without the consent of the Crown, on a question where both sides of the House he would then be liable to Transportation. were disposed to co-operate with him. Let Ou the second reading of the Stamp particular cases be disposed of as the Duties Bill, Lord Castlereagh took the opcases might require; and he offered his portunity of stating some of its details. assistance to the Noble Lord for a prac. The Act is to be framed as not to affect tical remedy; but he could not consent those periodical publications, whether to the laying down of general rules which monthly or quarterly, which are devoted would furvish arms against the Reform to literature, science, and religion. It is that it was the object of the motion to inteoded, therefore, to confine its provi. obtaio.

sions to periodical works published in sucMr. Tierney said, although he was in fa- cession within the term of twenty-six days. vour of a system relative to Parliamentary This will, of course, exempt all inonthly Reform, yet he was also glad to get what and quarterly publications. With respect

a

to

were

to the securities that are to be required, it country. Mr. Tierney declared he would was at first intended, that 500l. should be divide the House upon the question, and the amount, generally ; the printer him. thereby give an Hon. Member opposite self giving his own security to that extent, (Sir J. Yorke) an opportunity of voting and securities for a like sum, by one or against Government twice in 27 years more friends. It had been mentioned, (a loud laugh). On a division the clause however, that this sum was too large, and was rejected by 158 to 46. The Bill was that it could be raised with much greater then passed. facility in some places than in others. To obviate these objections, and to make the

House of Lords, Dec. 17. law as little burdensome in its operation The Seizure of Arms Bill was received as may be consistent with the professed from the Commons with amendments, to objects of its enactments, Lord Castlereagh which Lord Sidmouth moved that their mentioned that the sum was to be reduced Lordships should agree.

Lord Darnley from 5001. to 3001. in London and its vi. moved that the amendmerts should be cinity, and to 2001. in the provincial printed, which motion being negatived, his towns.

Lordship moved that the consideration of Lord Althorp moved for leave to bring the amendments should be postponed for in a new Bill for the relief of losolvent six months. This motion was also nega. Debtors. The Noble Lord said, that at tived. The amendments

tben the end of the last session, a Bill was agreed to. brought in to renew the old act, which Lord Sidmouth moved the committal of passed the House with great celerity. His the Seditious Meetiugs Bill. The motion Majesty's Ministers had since removed the was supported by the Duke of Athol, and Commissioner, and all the clerks of the Lords Morley, Harrowby, Westmorland, Insolvent Debtors' Court. Instead of a and Liverpool ; and opposed by Lords Commissioner to take the previous exa. Carnarvon, Daņoughmore, Grosvenor, Lauminations, he would now propose that an derdale, Holland, Blessinton, and the Examiner for that purpose should be ap- Marquis of Lansdown. It was then carried pointed by the commissioner. The great without a division. A motion by Lord objection to the Bill which he had intro- Car narvon, for instructing the Committee duced last session, was the power it gave to limit the duration of the Bill to the Ist to assignees of compelling them to dispose July, 1822, was uegatived, on a division, of the real property of the debtor; and by 135 to 38. though it was his own opinion that real property should be liable to be charged with In the Commons the same day, in a the debts of the insolvent, yet he would Commitee of Supply, several sums, obviate the objection by proposing that amounting together to about 1,500,0001. the real property should be sequestrated were voted ou account of the Army. until out of the rents and profits the debt On the Report of the Misdemeanor should be discharged; but the real pro- Traverse Prevention Bill, Mr. Denman perty was not to be removed from the wished that a clause had been introduced, debtor's possession. Leave was then given preventing prosecutors, as well as defendlo bring in the bill.

ants, from removing causes by certiorari,

except on very strong grounds. The Dec. 16.

Attorney General moved, as an amendment Sir W. De Crespigny, after pointing out to the Bill, that defendants under crimioal the advantages which might result in the informations should be enabled, after the amelioration of the state of the lower or. expiration of 12 months from the filing the ders, from the adoption of Mr. Owen's information, to move to bring on ibeir benevolent project, concluded by moving trial free of expence. This was agreed to; for the appointment of a select committee and the Bill was ordered to be read the to investigate the practicability of its third time on Monday. adoption upon an exteuded scale. Lord Mr. Hume wished to know from the A. Hamilton, Mr. Brougham, Mr. J. Smith, Chancellor of the Exchequer, whether there Mr. Ricardo, Mr. N. Calvert, Mr. Waith- was any intention of appointing a Comman, Mr. Calcraft, Mr. Alderman Wood, mittee, during the present Session, to inand Mr. D. W. Harvey, spoke in favour of quire into the state of our commercial re. the motion being entertained ;' the Chan- lations with Foreign Powers. cellor of the Exchequer and Lord Althorp Mr. Vansittart said, the subject had en. against it. On a division the motion was gaged the attention of his Majesty's Gonegatived by 141 to 16. Majority against vernment; but was not prepared to the motion 125.

answer the Hon. Member's question. On the third reading of the Seizure of Arms Bill, several members, amongst House Of LORDS, Dec. 18. whom was Sir J, Yorke, spoke against the The Royal Assent was given, by Comclause giving a power to search houses by mission, to the Malt Duties Bill, and the night, as repugnant to the feelings of the Seizure of Arms Bill.

FOREIGN

[ 629 ]

FOREIGN OCCURRENCES.

FRANCE.

cles toward realizing all the blessings of M. Ravez has been appointed President which the barmony that he recommends to of the Chamber of Deputies. Party spin them ought to be productive. rit, out of doors, runs, if possible, higher The most recent French Journals bring than ever since the rejection of M. Gre. the result of an important discussion in the goire. The present Royalists have not Chamber of Deputies on the projet of the all come with clean hands out of the revo- Ministers for a provisional grant of one lution, any more than their adversaries; half of the taxes for the current year.-It and hente private history raked up on appears, that, the projet being referred to both sides with malignant industry. M. a Committee, they recommended that only Laine, for instance, now an ardent Royal- four twelfths be granted, instead of six ist, is charged with having been the cour- twelfths. This suggestion was supported tier and flatterer of the notorious Camba, hy M. la Bourdonnaye, who opened the ceres in 1808, and with having paraded the debate, and who argued that the Ministry streets of Bourdeaux in a red jacobin cap were deserving of no confidence, and were in 1793.

therefore to be trusted as little as possible. A circular has been addressed by the M. Froc de la Boulaye, who followed, conMarquess de Latour Maubourgh, the Mi- fined bis speech entirely to the question; nister of War, to the Lieutenant-Generals, contending, that the finances of France &c. commanding divisions, and to Colonels were in a situation to excite the envy of of regiments, complaining of the circula. their enemies, and to exalt them in the estion of seditivas publications amongst the timation of their friends; he voted for the soldiers in several garrisons, and directing six-twelfths. M. Mechin, on the other the utmost vigilance to be used to prevent hand, maintained, that when constitutional this evil, and to maintain discipline and rights were called in question, it was not subordination,

a moment to give new arms to power. M. On Dce. 20, M. Roy, the Minister of Roy, the Minister of Finance, argued, that Finance, submitted to the Chamber of De. this measure was revdered absolutely neputies a projet for authorising the provi- cessary by the rejection last Session of the sional collection of six-twelfths of the direct Financial project proposed by the Ministaxes for the ensuing year, which was or. ters. M. Demarcay was so ill disposed to dered to be referred to the Bureaux. The place any confidence whatever in the Mi. Minister afterwards went into a detailed ex. nisters, that he proposed to reduce the planation of certain heads of the finances, grant to two-twelfths. The Count de Ca. beginning with the subject of arrears still zes, in explanation, in allusion to those unliquidated. He announced, that the who, as he said, pretended to be the extotal expense vuder the Budget of 1818, clusive defenders of liberty, observed, that ending ist Sept. 1819, was 1,415,688,762 liberty could only exist by means of the francs; and the deficit of ways and means, Throwe, and with it. M. Manuel, admit. 35,854,351 f. 1o be burrowed from the re- ting that a constitutional Throne was the sources of the present year. Next, that true support of liberty, advised the Minis. during the four years, 1815, 16, 17, 18, the lers not to forget, that, without liberty, expenditure which France had to bear, was there would no longer be any solid support 4,144,000,000f. (upwards of 43,000,0001. for the Throne. The discussion having sterling per annum ;) of which only about been closed, there appeared in favour of 120,0001. is wanting to complete the the projet, 137 ; against it, 79; majority, means of discharging every part of her 58. The projet was therefore adopted. engagements; and this sum is already The Paris papers of the 29th and 30th provided for from collateral sources. This bave been received. On the 28th, the highly-favourable declaration produced a Chamber of Peers agreed to the Projet de Jively movement of satisfaction among the Loi for the provisional collection of sixDeputies. Of the above sum, more than twelfths of the taxes, according to the asthree-fourths were furnished by taxation ; sessments of 1819. the remainder only by credit. The sole After this business had been dispatched, trace of the past misfortunes of France a Report was made by the Committee of will be the debt which she has contracted ; Petitious. One of the petitions, from a and of that above 14,000,000 have al- Sieur de Vincens, praying that the law of ready been paid off; besides which, there the 16th January, 1816, which banished is an unimpaired and accumulating Sink- the Regicides, might be repealed as unconing Fund. M. Roy finished by pledging stitutional, incurred the high indignation his word to the Chamber, that there is no of the Peers ; which they manifested by thing in the present situation of the fi- ordering the petition to be taken out of dances, or in the prospects connected with the Chamber and torn to pieces : and it them, which leads to anticipate any obsta- was further resolved, on the motion of

Marshal Marshal the Prince of Eckmuhl (Davoust,) Madras Gazettes to the 21st of August that the Committee should, for the future, have been received. The principal inbatake no notice whatever of any petitions of bitants of this Presidency held a public a similar character.

meeting ; at which it was resolved, among NETHERLANDS.

olber marks of their high estimation of the A warm and interesting debate has taken services of the Governor General, to preplace in the States General upon the Bud- sent him with a diamond star. The Noble get. The great principle contended for by Marquis, however, with a rare spirit of the leading members of what is called the disinterestedness, has declined this splenpopular party was, to bring the expendi- did testimonial of their regard, and exiure within the income of the country.- pressed himself contented with the inten“ If,” says a member, “ we are not able tion of thus manifesting it. The Noble to cover our expences in a time of pro- Marquis had been slightly indisposed.found peace, what shall we do in time of Sir T. Hislop arrived at Madras on the 29th war ?” It appears, that out of the five June.-The Marchioness of Hastings arprojects proposed by the Government, four rived at Calcutta on the 19th of June, in were rejected.

the Company's ship Waterloo ; having ITALY.

sailed from England on the 2d of last Accounts froin Naples state, that Vesu.

March. vius is now io full eruption. The direction AMERICA and the WEST INDIES. of the lava is, fortunately, such as to allay Advices from Halifax, of the 18th No. all apprehensions for the neighbouring vember, state, that on the 11th of that country.

month, the Naval Hospital in that town GERMANY.

was consumed by fire, owing to the care. The Emperor of Austria has subscribed lessness of one of the nurses, who unhap2000f. towards the erection of a mouument pily fell a victim to tbe flames. Fortu. to M. Malesherbes,

nately, there was but one patient in the The once-noted General Mack has been hospital, and he escaped. The loss is esreinstaied by the Emperor in all bis offices timated at 48,000 dollars. and dignities, and has been received at Halifax papers to the 5th inst. inform Court.

us, that the Earl of Dalhousie had reRUSSIA.

ceived his appointment to be GovernorLetters from St. Petersburg, to the 30th General of his Majesty's dominions in of November (N. S.), state, that the Em. North America, in the room of the late peror Alexander, apprehensive that the Duke of Richmond. Lieut.-General Sir morals of bis people would be injured by James Kempt succeeds the Earl of Dal. reading the account of Carlile's trial, bad housie as Governor of Nova Scotia. given directions to the police to prevent the Leiters from New Orleans to the 25th introduction of all the English newspapers November state, that the fever of that which contain it.

place, although somewhat mitigated in its The Russian Government prohibits any malignity, still raged; making the town, of the circulating medium going out of the as it were, a grave-yard. The sextons of country; whether paper money of the em- that city, in a report to the Mayor, state, pire, or specie.

that upwards of 1,200 bodies were depoSWEDEN.

sited in the grave-yards in the course of The King of Sweden has ordered 100

60 days. medals to be struck in gold, silver, and Letters from St. Thomas, of the 27th, copper, in honour of 100 individuals of with inclosures from Margarita, of the 9th all nations who have contributed to the October, mention, that great disease precivilization and improvement of maukind. vailed in Margarita; where Gen. English ASIA.

bad died, as well as several other British. The Prime Minister of the lạte King of Nov. 23. AWFUL STORM AT MONTREAL. Candy is now a prisoner in the fort of Co. The dark and thick weather which was exlombo, at Ceylon; his name is Ellepoley, perienced in this city some time back, it a fine intelligent-looking man, and pos.

appears from

the Papers, extended sessed of considerable talents : his title is throughout the United States, as well as that of an Adajar. Others of the Candian the neighbouring provinces. lo the dischief people have been sent to the Isle of trict of Maine, the darkness was very France, in the Liverpool frigate ; and great at times, during which period there many inferior ones are in prison in differ. were occasional peals of thunder and very ent parts of the Island of Ceylon. The vivid lightning. The appearance of the King of Candy has been a prisoner at Vel. firmament was awfully grand and terrific, lore, on the Continent of India, some time. which excited unpleasant sepsations, and Accounts from Mauritius describe the

gave rise to the most fearful apprehensions slave trade as carried on there to a very in the minds of many persons. In Mon. great extent; and that quite in defiavce of treal also, the darkness was very great, public authorities.

particularly on a Sabbath morning, the

whole

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