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PART N. The various Merits of Locke pointed out. 591 tank), mill have not in them enough facts, upon which he safely grounded of general ioterest, to animate and those principles, from which be adincite to public testiinonials of their 'vanced to new light and dew discuworth, or of the estimation in which veries. The tendency of all his inthey are held by their surviving quiries into the nature and phænocountrymen.
mena of mind, has been to open its Amongst this class, perhaps, stands perception to further discovery, and Mr. Locke, the subject of a monu. to place this intricate but highly-imment to whose memory has chiefly portant science,--in which his labours occasioned the present remarks. Such may be termed a signal epoch, and in a monument, allow me, Mr. Urban, which the dawn of metaphysical light to repeat, has long been a national soon expanded to the expulsion of desideratum. That upwards of a sophistry and error,-upon a perinacentury has elapsed without the ap. nent and unshaken basis. pea rance of any public testimonials Upon the services which Mr. Locke of the high raok and eminence in has rendered to the science of Juriswhich he has ever stood, as well in prudence, those who have most stuthe other countries of Europe as his died his Treatises on Government own, is only a proof of the too fre- will be best aware. If, over the elequent indifference of those who ought vated and patriotic shade of Sidney, to promote and patronize whatever the ingenuous heart stoops with retends to perpetuate the dignity and verence and ackpowledgment,mif the character of iheir nation ; even when tear of commiseration and regret their owu personal feelings are not inust ever flow whilst perusing the powerfully appealed to, or when the writings and reflecting on the fate of department of intellectual science in such a man,--the ardour and dauntwhich he shone has not exactly coin- less freedom of Locke, in explaiving cided with the views or the tastes of what he conceived to be the cause of those who are nevertheless emulous his couotry and mankind, is almost in the support of Literature and equally entitled to our sympathies. Science.
Tenacious in the support of the naYet where, in the Philosopher, or tive freedom of his country, he in those of the Publick, is ihere to grounded his arguments of liberty as be found a character in whom na. å divine and inalienable right, upon tiooal esteem vught in a higher de- the firm but temperate deductions of gree to unite?
As a Writer, and as a the uses, ends, and desigos of all Patrivi, it has long ceased to be a human government, and in his cool question with his intelligent readers; and dignified resolution to withstand he stands eminently entitled to the tyranny and corruptive in its various highest esteem.
shapes and appearances, has merited As a Metaphysician, acute, intelli- the high respect of all, in whom ingent, and profound, he occupies a tegrity, combined with an ability to station in the very first class 3-vigi. appreciate talent, majutains a place. lant, prompt, and sagacious in the in the minor and occasional writdetection of truth, he advances no ings of Locke, although the vigour postulate, and draws no corollary, of thought, and the scope and elevawhich will not undergo the test of rigid tion of idea which is so aboodantly and severe argument, and generally manifested. on other occasions, are of demonstration. Indefatigable in not, from the nature of his subjects, his pursuit of truth, and inflexible in requisite, he is every where intelliits maiotenance, he did not shrink gent, perspicuous, and distinguished from an avowal of those doctrines, or by good sense. Actuated as it would of those discoveries, which the most sufficiently appear by a sole wish to subtle and discriminatiog research elucidate truth, and to benefit madinto the real characler and operations kind, he laboured strenuously to reof the human mind afforded. His un. move prejudices, to set things in derstanding, framed by nature and their clear, proper, and rational by habit to originate its owo inqui- light, and to implant in the minds of ries, and form its own judgments, those for whom he wrote, a noble advanced theories upon the surest and correct manner of thinking. evidence, and deduced fair and legi. In the public functions in which his timate truths from well-established talents were exercised, he discbarged
(LXXXIX. the duties of his office with ability respect for one of its greatest men, so and zeal ;--in bis private, social, and low in England, as not to defray the domestic life, he was open, ingenu- triling expences of a Monumeot to ous, and liberal. To his friends, his his memory t? manners were candid, dignified, and Whatever the reasons may bave been marked with urbanity of disposition. for the abandonment of the design, it He seemed at his intervals of leisure, is certain that a Monument commenand conversation, like a great mind surate with the rank of his talents, relaxed from his severer duties, in and the nature of his services, is yet which be evidently effected much for wanting to our character; and would the mental and moral reformation of redeem us in the eyes of foreigners, bis countrymen and the world at from any imputation of suffering large.
some of our brightest names to rust “ And, what! no Monument, Inscription,' in inglorivus oblivion.
E. P. Stone,"
Nov. 10. which might do his memory adequate honour;
F I do not encroach too much Upon entering the corner of West
upon your valuable pages by of. minster Abbey appropriated more
fering subjects of a comparalivelypeculiarly to the Classicks, the feel.
neap interest, I shall beg a niche for ings are gratified by seeing many logy of Halifax.
the following paper on the Etymowhose brilliant talents well entille them to such a place.- While Dry.
This has long proved a source of den and Addison meet the eye, and
contention among Antiquaries, and
admitted of divers interpretations ; occupy a prominent station,-a res
while it is rested on the invention of flection will arise that, potwithstand.
a foolish fable by some, we find it ing ibe high part which these illustrious Writers bore in the Literature gladly passed over by others, as a of their age, their services in Poetry and on which explanation is thrown
matter where reason is inadmissible, and the Belles Lettres were inferior,
away: perhaps, to those of Mr. Locke in
It is, moreover, one good Philosophy :-and shall we see, under proof, from a large number, of the the noble done of a Cathedral which
extreme fondness of the older writers reflects credit upon the talents of its
for hiding under the ambiguity of a Architect, and on the splendour of
tale what they did not understand, or
look no trouble to comprehend. the British Metropolis, the names of a Johnson, a Howard, and a Jones, this subject are Camden, Thoresby,
The authors who have treated on unassociated by that of a Sage whose
Watson, and Dr. Whitaker. claims on the perpetual remembrance
Camden delivers himself thus : of his country, are not inferior to either of them " With what isidig. “ Amnng the mountains themselves the dation and paiuful reflections," on Calder afterwards leaves on the left Halithe other hand, to use the language fax, a very famous town on the slope of a of a Biographer, “must we behold hill extending from West to East. It has the remains of that great and good pot had this name, many ages, being beman lying under a mean mouldering
fore called Horton, as some of the iuhatomb.stone, in an obscure country
bitants relate, adding this tale concerning
the change of the name. A certain priest, churchyard, by the side of a forlorn
as they call him, had long been in love wood !"
with a young woman, without success; I would avail myself, Mr. Urban, and finding her virtue proof against ali of this opportunity to inquire, through his solicitations, his love suddenly chang. the medium of your widely-circu- ing to madness, the villain cut off her Jated Miscellany, why the projected head, which being afterwards hung upon Monument in St. Paul's Cathedral to a yew tree, was reverenced and visited the memory of Joho Locke-a. Pro. by the common people, till it began to posal of which appeared some ele. corrupt, every person pulling off some ven years back in your - Magazine *, !wigs of the tree.-The tree, stripped of
its branches, maintained its reputation for was not proceeded with? Was public spirit,-ihe love of philosophy,-and sanctity among the credulous, and the
vulgar fancied the little veins spread like * See vol. LXXVIII, 382. 511; LXXIX. + See the question answered in our 451; LXXX. i. 230. Edit.
last, p. 386. EDIT.
593 hair or threads between the bark and body The same reasoning will hold good, of the yew, were the identical hairs of the and unravel the meaning of Balafax; maiden. A pilgrimage was established the Celtic bal, bala (aniong the Irish from the neighbourhood hither, and such a concourse came that the little village of bally), the initial syllables of many Horton grew to a large town, and took the places in Scotland, Ireland, and Wales, new name of Haligfax, or Halifax; 9. d. siguify a place, town, or situation. Holyhair, fax signifying hair among the The Suiogothic aod Icelandic bol, has English on the other side of Trent, whence the same meaning, domicilium, sedes, also, a noble family in these paris, called &c. all from the Mæsogothic bau-an, Fairfax, from their fair, hair."
to dwell. Balafax, therefore, would Gough, in his Additions, censures give in like manner Balafacas, posCamden's hasty manner of taking up sessiones oppidi Bala. Fairfax, which this elymology; and gives Wright's has, until Dr. Whitaker suggested explanation, from the face of St. Johň Fairways, been explained to mean Baptist, which is the same as Ben. Fairhair, from the alleged founder tley's.
of the family having light-coloured There is no mention of Halisax in hair, is, as I take it, an evident misDomesday Book, though it occurs in conception, and ought to be read several aotient grants and charters Fagafeax *, Capilli versicolores, from immediately following.
the verb Fagian, bariure, and feax, I must beg leave respectfully to offer
Crines ; nd the proper pronunciamy dissent from Dr. Whitaker's pro- tion of this con pound will easily acposition in his republication of “ Loi- count for the first part being now dis et Elmete,” that Halifax, or Holy. read Fair ; whilst the singularity of way, is "half Saxon and half Normall;
the appearance would be a likely reafor fax in Norman French is an old
son for the attachment of so curious plural noun denoting bighways.” The
an agnomen, corresponding closely principal weight of iny objection rests
with the custom of other nations; as on the belief i have always enter for instance, the Cicero, and Clautained, that it never was a custom in
dius, among the Romans; and the early ages to give names to towns Longepée, ironsides, and Cæur de and places after the manner he has Lion, in our own history: The ver. mentioned ; and, with the exception ricolor equus, or piebald horse, by of surnames, added from motives of
the Saxons termed fagarteda, is a pride and family greatness, to Saxon
parallel, and proves ine usage to be origioals, no examples, I think, are
then extant. to be adduced in corroboration. Per. haps, 1 may say with equal confidence, ban, I suggest that Halifax is entirely
In conclusion, therefore, Mr. Ur. that the interpretation of Halifax, as
and purely Saxon, and has its derivasignifying " Holyways,” is also erro
tion from a certain track of land be. neous; for, in addition to the impro- longing to an'antient religious estabability of the union of the languages blishnient existing at a remote time, before spoken of, I apprehend it may
upon which the present town has be shown that the place received its
since risen, and contioued to us the name before the arrival of the Norinans, and that consequently it can
Yours, &c. W. R, WHATTON. not be other than Anglo-Saxon. I consider Halifax to be compound
Dec. 3. ed of an adjective and a substantive voun in the usual way. The first MA
ANY persons are ready to ex
claiin against the expences of half, Halig, sanctus, from the verb actions, without considering how Haligan, consecrare; and the second, much it is in the power of the par. fac, possessio, from facan, acquirere. ties considerably to lessen thein, and The conjunction of the adjective and get try the real merits of a cause. substantive, in the plural number, i particularly allude to the expences will give Haligracas, sanctæ posses- of witnesses. In one cause, laiels; I siones, a lerm applied to so much am informed the witneskes cost 40001. territory as appertained to a religious foundation of Saxon origin once flou- * G apud Saxones potestatem sæpissimè risbing in this spot.
habei Anglicæ literæ y. Gent. Mag. Suppl. LXXXIX. Part II.
T. Browne.-Euclid. [Lxxxix. This is bad, both on account of the tle potion, &e. By Alexander Ron," waste of money, and on account of 1645, 12mo. the witnesses who are very few of Any account of this book would them allowed more than their bare also be very acceptable to me, expences, and who are thus taken
I have an intention of shortly reaway from their employments to no publishing some, if not all, of Browne's purpose. Witnesses are certainly ne. Works; and therefore any other comcessary to try the real merits ; but munication respecting him or his writformal witnesses, to prove band-writ- inge, would greatly oblige ing to letters and papers, small pay. Yours, &c.
JAS. CROSSLET. ments, and trifling facts, should be in some way dispensed with. lo a Mr. URBAN, Kellington, Sept. 14. at York, a man was subpænaed
o work on the principles of pure at the expence of 201. to prove a pay. geometry has, perhaps, ever been ment of a sum of 201.; the trial was of greater utility, or more generally put off, and he was again subpænaed read, than the Elements of Euclid. at the same expence, for the same The accurate, strict, and logical manpurpose ;
thus the unsuccessful party per of reasoning made use of by that had to pay 401. for a wilness to prove antient author, has contributed in no a fact which could not fairly be dis- sınall degree to the general improveputed ; and the witness was taken
ment of the human mind, upon every away from his employments at least other subject, whether immediately ten days. This same thing occurs connected with the mathematical perpetually; the law expences are sciences or not. Of the various edi. often comparatively trifling compared lions of this work, published at differto the expences of witnesses,
ent periods of time, in differeut lanAbove 4000 causes are annually guages, and in different countries, tried at Nisi Prius in England. none, perhaps, upon the whole, is
I have now stated this grievance ; more deserving of our notice than what remedy can be obtained may be that of Dr. R. Simson of Glasgow. properly. left as a question for fuiure This eminent Professor, by strenuconsiderativo.
S. P.' ously endeavouring to exclude the
false and inaccurate reasonings by Mr. URBAN, Munchester, Sept. 4. which uoskilful editors, through a N the Life of Sir Thomas Browne, long lapse of years, had vitiated this
edit. 1736, 12mo, Lundur, is the fol- more genuine demonstrations in their lowing passage:
place, and which he carefully collect
ed from every possible source, seems “ He (Sir Thos. Browne) wrote a Trea.
to have produced a work nearly aptise likewise, entitled De Lucis Causâ et Origine, in a Letter to Isaac Vossius, with proaching to perfection of reasoniog. whom he had a dispute upon that subject; -It may appear strange then, Mr. printed at Amsterdam in 1663 ; and criti- Urban, that a small inaccuracy should cised on Vossius' Work De Naturâ et Pro- still have been copied througb the prietate Lucis, wherein he strongly main- almost numberless editions of that tains Des Cartes' hypothesis. He also Work. And it is, perhaps, still more wrote an Apology for the Cartesian Philo. remarkable that this should occur in sophy, in opposition to a Divine named
a proposition which contains the first Vogelsang."
difficulty that beginners generally No other biographer of Sir Thomas meet with in reading the Elements, Browne mentions these works. I have viz. the 5th proposition of the first never been able to meet with either Book, “ that the angles at the base of them ; nor do I know whether the' of an isocles triangle are equal to latter was ever printed. If any of one another; and if the equal sides your Correspondents can give me an be produced, the angles on the other account of either of them, or can tell side of the base shall be equal." The me where to meet with them, I shall mistake alluded to is in comparing feel very thankful for the information. the two triangles BFC, GBC, in which
One of the books written against the two sides BF, FC, are equal to Sir Thomas Browne was entitled “Me the two GC, GB, and the included dicus Medicatus, or the Physician's angle at F is equal to the angle at G, Religion, cured by a lenitive or geo- from which it immediately follons
595 that the angles FBC, GCB, are equal, proper vehicle for every species of as also the angles FCB, GBC; with information, I bave ventured to trouout adding the condition “ that the ble you with this remark. base BC is common to the two triao. Yours, &c.
OMICRON. gles," as is unnecessarily done hy Dr. Simson. Whether this condition is
Dec. 8. to be found in the Greek text or not, ONG before Campbell's “ British I am not able to say, vot having the book at hand to refer to. Some of publication, containing specimens of your learned Correspondents may, the living as well as the deceased, perhaps, be able to inform me. It with general criticisms, ootes, and ildoes not appear in the edition of Justrations; and I had arranged the Euclid, published by Dr. Barrow. It, more recent writers (for the last four however, exists in Commandive's Las volumes) chronologically (as follows), tin Edition of the Eleinents.
each according to the date of his (or Considering your Miscellany as a her) earliest poetical production : R. O. Cambridge.......1751 Thomas Coombe...... 1783 Sir B. Boothby......... 1796 John Home..............1757 Rev. W. Lipscomb....1784 Hon. W. B. Spencer...1796 Rev. R. Potter..........1758 J. Sargent, Esq.........1785 J. T. Stanley....... .1796 Jobu Ogilvie............ 1758 Luke Booker............ 1785 W. Drummond.......
..1796 Mrs. Eliz. Carter...... 1758 Samuel Knight .........1785 M. G. Lewis........ 1796 Arthur Murphy......... 1759 Rev. H. Boyd...........1785 W. Cooke James Beattie...........1760 S, E. Brydges, 'Esq.... 1785 P. L. Courtier..........1796 R. Cumberland .........
Robert Burns....... ..1785 Rev. Jos. D. Carlyle...1796 John Nichols...... ..1761 Rev. Rich. Polwbele ..1785 Lady Taite..............
.1796 John Hoole.......... ..1762
Charlotte Smith .. 1785 Thomas Park............1797 John Delap...
.1762 William Cowper........1786 E. Hamley...............1797 Thomas Percy..
..............1797 Christ. Ansty..
1786 T. Townshend... .1797 Edw.Jerningham S. Rogers..
.......... 1797 James Woodbouse.....1766 H. F. Carey ........ 1787 S.T. Coleridge ..1797 H. Downman
Rev. J. Whitebouse.., 1787 C. Lamb..................1797 F. N. C. Mundy
Joanna Baillie..........1798 Rev. R. Graves......... 1773 Mrs. Radcliffe...........1789 Geo. Ellis................1800 Mrs. Barbauld
Rev. W. L. Bowles....1789 R. A. Davenport....... 1800 H. More.................1773 S. Birch ........
C. S. Pybus..............1800 W. Richardson ......... 1774 P. B. Homer.... ....... 1789 R. Bloomfield........... 1800 R. Pratt.......... ....1774 W. Sotheby............. 1790 Thomas Campbell...... 1800 Rev. T. Warwick
F. Sayers.................1790 W. Wordsworth.........1800 R. B. Sheridan .........1775 I. D'Israeli
.....1800 John Aikin............... 1775 Rev. G. Richards
Hector Macneill........ 1800 Rob. Jephson
..1775 Rev. W. W. Carr,.....1791 Mrs. Montolieu.........1800 Capel Luffi. .1775 Alexander Thompson..1791 Mrs. Opie................ 1800 Rev. T. Maurice........ 1776 Joseph Richardson..... 1792 George Hardinge....... 1800 Eyles lowin..............1776 Geo. Dyer............... 1792 Walter Scott........ .1802 Mrs. Cowley............1776 Lady Manners ......... 1793' James Mercer.......... 1804 Will. Hayley............1778 Lady Burrell............ 1793 Edw. Coxe...............1805 H. J. Pye...............1778 N. Drake ................. 1793 Laura Maria Temple..1805 Rev, Rob, Holmes.....1778 Rev. H. Kelt............ 1793 Mary Robinsou ........1805 John Bampfylde........1778 W. Boscawen....
James Montgomery... 1806 Jobo Wolcot............1778 W. T, Fiizgerald.......1793 Lord Byron....
..1807 Rev. I. H. Pott.........1779 William Kendall...
Miss Owenson (Lady Rev. T. S. Whalley ...1779 Rev. Geo. Huddesford 1793 Morgan) ...............1807 Anna Seward.............1780 R. P. Knight............179.4 Fortescue Hitchins.....1807 William Gifford........1781 Rev. T. Gisborne...... 1794 Rev. J. Vincent..... 1808 Kev. R. Hole............1781 Rev. J. Beresford...... 1794 Francis Hodgsou.. .1808 Rev. S. Hoole...........1781 Rev. J. Bidlake.........1794 Reginald Heber..... 1809 Rev. Geo. Crabbe ......1781 W. Presion....... 1794 Mr. Townseud....... .1810 J. T. Matbias...........1781 W. Roscoe...... 1795 Miss Mitford............1811 John Pinkerton........,J781 W. Ashburnbam........ 1795 Rev. Joho Mirford....,1811 Helen Maria Williains1782 Rev. Weedon Butler... 1795 James Willyams, Esq.1817 Rev. W. Beloe .........1783 Sir J. B. Burges........ 1796