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noimated and expanded the breasts of thesis, that an attention to good sense, Poets, Philosophers, Moralists, and order, and propriety, which certaidDramatists, as it argues them to have ly distinguished the productions of possessed so much good sense" and Aone's reign, involved tamences, or classical discernment of genuine beauty excluded imagination, and those in composition, with their other en- greater endowments of miod, which dowments of intellect, that they were are wont to elevate the feelings and enabled, among their contempora. the fancy to enthusiasm. ries, as indeed among every succeed- It has been suggested, with much ing age of posterity who kuew bow propriety, to the founders of new to appreciate these endowments, not systems, either in Literature or in only to pass for polished writers, but Science, that wbilst ambitious of likewise to obtain a high rank in the opening to the world some new and scale of genius.

innovating discovery, they should, on It has been observed by an intelli- the other hand, use caution that gent Critick *, that “when works of their bypothesis offers nothing which, imagination bave been brought to taken in the abstract, or in any of its the utmost degree of correctness in remoler bearings, shall impugo any any age or nation, of which they are former sentiments, which are likecapable, there has been afterwards wise maintained, - or any position, very little display of original or ex. the truth of which all, by one comteusive genius."

mon consent, acknowledge. When Whether or not this in a general the writer, whose more than ordinary sense be strictly true--it has at least sagacity and disceroment himself apbeen supposed, --froin observing the pears not last in appreciating, endeapains which certain authors take to vours to " throw from its high imitate, in point of elegance, any sphere" a fabrick, if we may thus celebrated production,--and having express it, of beautiful proportious, attained this elegance of mauner, the which has always stood eminent for little enquiry they bestow on the its dignity of aspect, and the skill and question, whether it contains the same order of its architecture, when he invigorating principle and essence, – labours to prove that tbose who have to hold good in many instances. With bitherto been considered stars of fess qualification, however, will it be Justre and magnitude in the history admitted by speculatists, that as the of vor Literalure, were in reality same author afterwards remarks,“ counterfeits, and had to pretensions taste for correctness being once geue. to the rank they so long enjoyed,-he rally established, the necessity which would do well to reflect whether his artists are under of producing this arguments, if pursued to their just quality, in order to secure a pproba- inference, would not likewise impugn tion, cramps their flow of imagina- the pretensions of many whose genius tion, and dispirits their works." That stood high, even in his own estimathis, however, is always true,-that tion. He is not to be told that many genios is repressed where it really of our first-rate men of gevius have exists, through an anxiety to con- sufficiently given proof that they form to prescribed forms of elegance, deemed the polish of elegance and 'is, perhaps, at the least questionable, the rules of art not inconsistent with as the works of the last century, the most powerful displays of that period of which it is not too much to animating principle-or that, in the

, assert that, notwithstanding the finish. Moral, Didactic, and Descriptive deed models of excellence which appear. partments of Literature, ample room cd at its commencement, for the imi. is afforded to elevate the passions to talion of artists, has been unusually sublimity, or to soften them to the fruitful in sublime and original ge. tenderest sympathy: nius,-instead of being cramped by Genius, within the wide limits in servile imitation, have expanded in which her powers may be exercised, many instances, to a yet greater free. displays herself in various ways, and dom and range of thought. Much assumes divers characteristics; it is less can it be proved by any hypo. not always necessary, in order lo par

ticipate in her rewards and bonours, * Dr. Gerrard, author of the Essays on to astonish or to dazzle; and all, who Genius and on Taste.

consider the true end and perquisite

of

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PART 11.) Authenticity of the Holy Serviptures.

587 of genius, must admit that those, who the well-finished columns which sopby a series of well-drawn and masterly ported it, were tost

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his observa delineations of lise, maoners, aod seo- fion. The advocates of infidelity are timents, expand the heart, calm the constantly (as Bishop. Watson rc. passions, and elevate the taste of their marks of the above writer), “ hunt. countryınen, eminently deserve their ing after difficulties, findingsonte admiration and their gratitude. real ones, which they eudeavour to Melksham.

E. P. magnify into insurmountable objec

tions against the whole book, aod at AUTHENTICITY OF THE SCRIPTURES. the same time representing appareot ( Continued from p. 494.).

difficolties as real ones, without hiotN a former Essay on this subject, ing at tbe manner in which they have ever aid the Sacred Word way derive most sacred, and calumniating cbain support of its authenticity, fronu racters most venerable , exciting the other circumstances there eoumer- scoffs of, the profane ; increasing the ated, the main foundations on which scepticism of the doubtfuls shaking it rests its claim, are its own intriosic the faith of the unlearned ; suggest dignity and worth,--the real utility of ing cavils to the disputers of iliin its doctrines and precepts,--the glo world, and perplexing the minds of rious hope it sets before us,-ils suit. honest men who wish to worship the atleness to the condition of mankiod, God of their fathers in sincerity and -the fulfilment of those prophecies truth.” All this and more they are which are fouod in it, and in it alone, doing, “ without so inuch as glancing --and lastly, the correspondence of its at the grand design of the whole savarious parts in one manifest and cred Volume, or at the harmony and highly-importaut desigo which, whal- mutual dependance of its several ever be the collateral uses of its in- parts," &c. dividual portious, is uniforuly appa- To accomplish their disingenuous rent through the whole.

ends, how often have passages purely Nor can this plan of defending the metaphorical, beep by sceptical wrirule of our faith, by its own testi- ters interpreted literally? while others, nony, be justiy ubjected to, as in an which should be so understood, have undue degree presuming on the truth been perverted by false glosses and of what is not previously proved, uuwarrantable constructions, by insince, according to the great princi- genious omissiobs, and other unfair ples of all equitable trial, no one should be condemned who has not Representations thus corrupt hav. first been heard in his own defence. ing, especially through the inedium of A8, therefore, the sacred authors are partial quotation, been successfully often arraigned by their opponents, employed in destroying the “ little and by gove more so than Thomas, faith” of the “ almost Christian," and Paine, it is surely proper they should confirming the rooted prejudice of be suffered to speak for theinselves, the avowed Deist, it is highly necesand so much the more proper, as it sary to define, as accurately as posis the common practice of those wric sibie, the mode of examinatiow we ters who engage to combat the doc would recoinmend. No cavilling spitrines of Divine Revelation, with the rit, then, be it understood, must on weapons of perverted reason, to tor- any accounl enter into an enquiry of ture the words of Scripture from this sort. No captious predisposition their original and genuine scose, thus to take exception against any portion frequently making them speak a Jan- of the sacred Volume 00 a cursory guage foreign froin their real signifi- survey, or with more invidious and cation, and inconsistent with them. malicious care to ransack every page selves. Like the fly in the fable, in pursuit of objections, in order to who having pitched on a pilaster of collect a suficient number of doubt. St. Paul's Cathedral, fouod fault with ful points, to justify to our owo minds the little roughnesses which presented a light estimation of the whole. Ou themselves to the confined view of the contrary, he who rightly searches his microscopic organs of vision, as the Scriptures, enters on the import. gross deformities; while the symmetry. ant work with humble reliance on of the majestic dome, with that of his Creator's gracious aid, conceiving

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that the form under which they ad- and immortality to light, while by dress him, as professedly originatiug the positive assurance they afford us from that great source of perfection, of a future retribution, they satisfacwhom on the simple principles of pure torily solve every question arising Theis *, he is bound to venerate from those adverse occurrences of and adore, renders, it an object of human life, which, under the acknowthe highest importance that they ledged permissioс of infinite Wisdom, should be perused with sobriety and so frequently befal the virtuous,-aod candour. Nor need any man thus those prosperous circumstances, on disposed dwell long on the subject, the other hand, which under the same before he is brought to confess, that sanction, so often attend the vicious they afford a most interesting view and the profligate. While they acof God's dispensations, tending to re- quaint us that the triumph of the move many difficulties which unas. wicked is short, and the recompence sisted Reason never could, and that of the virtuous eternal, they coincide they are. indeed well worthy of that with every conclusion drawn by the great and glorious Author, whose rightly-reflecting mind as to the plain power and wisdom are manifested in distinction between moral good and The structure of the universe, and evil. They discriininate also far whose goodness also, by the light of more exactly between the one and Nature displayed but partially, is by the other, and have the most direct that of Revelation clearly and indu. tendency to promote a regular perbitably manifested.

formance of the various duties we To any such, then, as are inclined owe to our Creator, to ourselves, and to examine carefully into this point, to those with whom we stand conit is, in the first place, no difficuli nected by relative and social ties. malter 10 prove, that the Christian So suitable, indeed, are the preReligion actually has many decided cepts of morality laid down in the advantages connected with it, which Bible (more especialiy as illustrated, may justly be pronounced peculiar enlarged, and confirmed in the New to itself. More especially be it re- Testament), to the advancement of membered, that the conjectural ex- our happiness here, that, even indepectation of a future state of exist. pendently of the hope of glory here. ence, afforded by the light of Nature, alter, it might, for their sake alone, is either imperfectly deduced from be fairly pronounced well worthy of the same principles which the Scrip- universal acceptance. - Scraps, as Lyres fully confirm and illustrate, or Thomas Paine has irreverently called Traditionally derived from those in them, they contaio maxims, by an structions first delivered by God to attention to which, the world would mankind during the patriarchal ages, exhibit a very different scene from as they stand recorded in the Old what it has ever yet done. Not to Testament. It must be confessed, dwell on the rules of conduct conalso, on a fair investigation, that tained in the Sermon of Christ on the what is denominated Natural Relic Mount, and other divine lessons degiun, can at best afford but a faint livered by him, which have even oband glimmering ray, insufficient to lained the praise of some who were penetrate the gloomy clouds of doubt not altogether advocales for the and uncertainty which veil the future Christian Faith, we may venture to world from mortal sight, or to re- say thus inuch :-Were all who had move ihose perplexities which con: the advantage to be born in a Chrisfound at times the clearest reasoners, tian country to embrace with since. on the principles of simple Theism. rity the faith of the Gospel, to add to [See an article in our Magazine for that faith virtue, to virtue koowOctober last, p. 293, entitled Contrast ledge, to knowledge temperance, to between Deisin and Christianity.”] temperance patience, to patience

Nor can it with truth be denied, godliness, to godliness brotherly that the Scriptures alone bring life. kindness, and to brotherly kindness * This term is used in opposition to the

charity, how would lhe excellence word Deism; a term originally adopted of our holy Religion appear! as an apology for upbelief in Revelation, In short, the internal evidence to though professed belief in the being of a the truth of the Gospel, which arises God.

from due consideration of the real

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PART 11.) Christian Religion. Ingratitude to Literature.

*589 tendency of its genuine doctrines, to ed an aphorisın for its truth: History promote the general welfare of man. will supply innumerable instances in kind, appears among the most pro- which it is exemplified, -and although minent that can be brought in its it may be said, that in the natural support.

course of human affairs, a contemThe motives, too, by which the porary generation is not always a moral principles of the Christian Re. competent judge of the extent of beligion are enforced, are stronger than nefit which an individual has conany that can be deduced from the ferred upon it, - and that it is for light of Nature, in proportion to the posterity to feel and to decide upon, full assurance that system of Divine at once the advantages which society Truth affords of an eternal reward to has received from him (under whatthe obedient. Hence the effect pro- ever shape they come), and the produced by them is likely to be more portion of his own merit ;-whoever extensively beneficial, as on the other examines its pages will be fully senhand, we know by fatal and daily ex- sible that industry and talent, although perience, a disregard to them is pro- rightly applied, are rot always the ductive of an equally proportionate sure road to favour. mischief, both to society at large, The ephemeral applause of courtly and to the individuals of which it is patronage, or of popular favouritism, composed. On these grounds, there- is on the contrary acquired, and somefore, it is surely a matter of no small tinies sustained by other arts, than importance, that we should justly ap- those of real sterling merit,--merit preciate the privilege bestowed upon which in every age must ever be apus by the light of Revelation. parent to the discriminating cye of

But if to all these considerations, good sense, which, after criticism we add that of the especial blessings has done its worst, will still shine in conferred on us as frail and offending unsullied excellence. creatures by the Mediatorial scheme, In the apnals of our own Litera. the reconciliation with God through ture, how frequent have been the Christ, the promised assisting power instances of writers in whom the of the Holy Spirit, the various ineans highest talents were centered, and of grace, as well as the animating who were sometimes distinguished by prospect of future blessedness which elevation of thinking, and eminent the Gospel dispensation holds forth, virtues, whose whole' lives seemed how loudly do they call upon us to nevertheless one perpetual struggle give diligence to secure to ourselves with the frowns of adverse fortune; an interest in the divine favour so --which fortune, although partly the inanifestly extended towards us, by a result of other and deeper causes, was grateful acceptance of the Truth as doubtless inuch perpetuated through it is in Jesus Christ.

the unworthy slights of those who Suine further considerations may be ought to have supported and encoucommunicated for a future paper, rela- raged the growth of genius, and aided tive to the remaining part of the sub- the inaturing of those talents which ject. MASON CHAMBERLIN. were so highly calculated to reflect

honour on their country. Mr. URBAN, Melkshani, July 30. How often bas it been complained, F, as has been long perpetuated that the cold and updeserved apathy

I

the ingratitude and neglect which the less than a generous wish to patronize publick are too apt to show towards talent of an exalted rank and chaiheir real benefactors, may, in part, racter, have thrown a gloom over occasionally be said to be founded in the dispositions and the fortunes of the disappointed views, the over. individuals, born to adorn and reflect weening vanity, or the discontent of splendour,-crushed anticipated prosauthors or of projectors; it must yet pects, and given to souls originally be said, that it has not been alleged favourable to the interests of virtue, without foundation.

a bias destructive of their moral exThat the reward of merit comes cellence and usefulness! But if punot very frequently, until its subject perous iostances of the cruel indifor its possessor has become insensible ference of the publick towards the to its charms the almost esteem. exigencies of certain sons of Gepius,

who

who were nevertheless born to reflect When we eater the preclocts of that lustre and dignity on the Literature venerable pile, whose numerous and of their respective æras, stand upon

cloistered recesses are consecrated to record in the literary annals of our the hallowed memory of those who country, if neglect towards those

have been deemed worthy to occupy wbo appropriated their talents and a niche in its Gothic ailes, the first the results of long years of industry in pression which strikes the inind is, and application, to please, instruct, the liberality and zeal which have and raise the intellectual taste of their reared the adequate tribute of respect countrymen,-if the names of Mil- to high genius or to moral worth, ton, Otwaġ, Butler, Dryden, and We feel ihat we belong to a people Joboson, with numerous others, pro- who are capable of estimating great claim the occasional truth of what services;- and while the eye wanders has so frequently furnished a subject along the fretted walls and solemn of complaint,--a national stigma will arcades, and sees the mausoleums of still be said to designate the age that the Patriot, the Hero, the Philanrefuses a just tribute to the memory thropist, the Man of Leiters, the Phi. of an individual (if such tribute has losopher, add the Statesman,-The not beeu already paid), although he heart exults at once in the long line enjoyed during his life a competent of worthies which have adorned this share of esteem and attention. It is country, and the zeal which, with a pot then a contemporary age alone, proper feeling, would thus pay thein upon whom it always devolves to che last meed of admiration and acproclaim, by a proper estimate in the knowledgment that an enlightened eyes of the world, its adequale sense age can show. of transcendant services.

Upon a closer investigation, how. I would be here understood to ever, we peruse the records of cerbave in view not su much the due tain personages, which, eulogized as appreciation of their writings and de. they are in bigh strains of panegyrick, scription of talent in the minds of somewhat excite our surprize;-while men, as the offering those becoming we look in vain for the vestiges of honours to their memory, which their others, to whom in the enthusiasm of high benefits conferred upon their gratitude we allot in imagination a countrymen, and mankind have de- prominent place. manded. A monument correspon.

Of these, some it may

be

presumed, dent to their name and rank, tu per. although entitled to the best thauks petuate at ouce their own fame, and that their country can bestow, from the proper feelings of a grateful Na- their service in raising her intellection.

tual or adorning her moral character, Amongst national desiderata of in the eyes aud estimation of foreignthis kind which still remaill, may be ers, have been denied this mark of ranked a monument to the memory honourable distinction,—through the of the inmortal Locke.

pelly influences of party jealousy, It ought, however, in justice, per- and various other associated opinions haps, on the other hand, to be pre- concerning character and merit, which mised, that a general disregard of the divide the age-which immediately claims of departed worth, or a gene. succeeds their own. - Time glides ral deficiency of public spirit in these away; - another age succeeds, in particulars, has been by no ineans a which, perhaps, the ardour of grati. striking characteristic of the English, tude and acknowledgment, which, Aware that an insinuatioo of this ge- while it is fresh and active, prompts neral and sweepiog nature would be to public memorials, loses ils in. unjust and ungenerous, the writer of puise, and what our fathers have the present remarks would rather be omitted to do, is still neglected. solicitous to render, in those instances Others, for whose writings or for where it is due, adequate praise to whose character we entertain the the munificence which has raised such liveliest sense of admiration, we look honourable trophies to the names of for in vain amidst this grand reposithose who had formerly been pro- tory of the illustrious dead ;-iheir ductive of benefit, or of honourable genius, and their department of ladistinction, to that country which bours (although' most concor in a gave then, birth.

cold acknowledgment of their high

tank),

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