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which becomes a kind of manure for the soil. Myriads of small crabs cover the Northern coast, and their visits are productive of some utility. The central part of the island looks at a distance like a green lawn, dazzling to the view: herbage has taken root here, and there are a number of tufts of long cass (saccharum spontaneum) that thrive very well."
By the Hottentot, Capt. Taylor, arrived in 59 days from the Cape of Good Hope, intelligence has been received of the total defeat of the Caffre forces, and of the capture and defeat of the principal leaders. The Hottentot landed dispatches for Government at Dover. On the day before she sailed, the Governor (Lord Charles Somerset) and suite embarked on board his Majesty's brig Redwing, for Algoa Bay; for the purpose, as is supposed, of making terms of peace with the savages, and fixing the future boundary of their country in the direction of the colony.
By the Dutch ship Governor, Bille, which arrived at the Cape of Good Hope on the 10th of September, from Batavia, advices are received that an insurrection among the natives at Palemban (or the South east Coast of Sumatra) had taken place, and that they had murdered all the Dutch settlers except Mr. Muntinghe, the Superintendant, who fortunately escaped.
Intelligence has been received of a hur ricane at Barbadoes, on the 13th, 14th, and 15th of October, more dreadful than any that has occurred in the island since 1780.-The town was deluged, and bridges and buildings carried away by the resistless torrents. On the plantations, the storm of wind tore up the canes by the roots; many houses were also blown down, and other considerable damage was done. -At Foster-hall estate, near Joe's-river, some singular and awful phenomena occurred. Several of the buildings sunk under the earth, and were totally destroyed; and a house, where a flock of sheep and some cattle were lodged, was swallowed up, and entirely lost. A wood adjoining, suddenly moved down to the spot where Foster-hall buildings stood, and a field of canes took possession of a spot where a field of potatoes had been, and which slid into the sea. A sinking of the earth occurred in other parts of the island. The damage among the shipping was considerable; several of the vessels rode out the gale. Some lives were lost, but not so many as might have been expected.
A letter from Nevis dated Oct. 20, derived from a most respectable quarter, states, that the whole of the Kingdom of New Granada is in the hands of the Pa
triots. On the 11th of September a general insurrection of the Creoles took place at Sante Fe, the capital. All the Spaniards were murdered, the Governor and a few officers of the Government excepted; and they were compelled to fly in such baste as to leave every thing behind them, both public and private property. This occurred previous to the entry of Bolivar into the city, which took place about seven days afterwards. He found in the city a treasure amounting to two and a half millions of dollars. In the Oronoco Gazettes, the details of Bolivar's military career, in his advance on the capital of New Granada, are contained. The most important battle was fought at a place called Baucha; the action, though not on so large a scale as that of Maipo, fought last year in Chili, bears some resemblance to it in its results, and was equally decisive in favour of the Patriots. The force of the Royalists consisted of 3000 men, and of this number only fifty are said to have escaped. Beraida, the Spanish General, together with the second in command, were killed; and 1600 were taken prisoners.
By a letter from St. Vincent's of the 23d of Oct. it appears that St. Lucia had also suffered very severely by the hurricane that did so much mischief at Barbadoes.
On the 4th ult. a fire broke out at Wilmington, North Carolina, which destroyed about 300 houses, and occasioned a loss of property to the amount of 1,000,000 of dollars. Only one life was lost, that of a Capt. Farquhar M'Rae, who was crushed to atoms by the fall of a house, into which he had ventured, to save the property of a neighbour. The fire was strongly suspected to have been the work of an incendiary.
A fire had also broken out in the forests of the Dismal Swamp, in New Jersey, in the latter end of October, and continued burning at the date of the latest accounts from that quarter. It had already destroyed about 3,000 acres of timber.
The St. Louis Gazette, after giving some account of the testimonies existing in support of the opinion that there is now inhabiting the Southern branches of the Mis souri, a race of men descended from the Welch Emigrants, who embarked, to the number of 327 persons, in ten vessels, under Prince Madoc, in A.D. 11'70, from North Wales, mentions, that an expedition is now on foot for a thorough investigation of the fact. The persons engaged in the undertaking are Messrs. Roberts and Parry, Welchmen, who speak the language of North and South Wales: it is said, they are industrious, persevering men, and that they will pursue the search as long as the probability of a discovery exists.
INTELLIGENCE FROM VARIOUS
PARTS OF THE COUNTRY.
Nov. 26. The beautiful mansion of G. J. Glynn, esq. near Bodmin, in Cornwall, with the valuable furniture, choice library, wines, &c. were destroyed by fire early this morning.
Nov. 18. The following Address from the University of Oxford was this day presented:
"To His Royal Highness the Prince
"We, His Majesty's most dutiful and loyal subjects, the Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars of the University of Oxford, beg leave to approach your Royal Highness in this alarming and awful state of our Country, with renewed assurances of our zealous attachment to His Majesty's person, family, and government, and to that happy Constitution in Church and State, which is established in this realm.
"With these sentiments we are unalterably impressed. We have already more than once been permitted to lay them at your Royal Highness's feet; and we are sensible that the best mode, and the most acceptable to your Royal Highness, by which we can manifest the deep conviction with which they are rooted in our own minds, is by impressing them also upon the minds of others; and by inculcating the doctrines of true religion and the principles of loyalty to the Throne, obedience to the laws, and attachment to the Constitution, on those whom we are preparing for the discharge, in their various stations, of duties inseparably connected with the public interests.
"But we view, with the deepest apprehension, the continually increasing efforts which are made to undermine, throughout the Country, the groundworks of every duty, both public and private; and at a time when all authority is outraged, and ail public order insulted and violated; aud when dangers of unusual magnitude, arising out of the rapid and connected progress of blasphemy and sedition, threaten both the peace of the community and the personal security of individuals, we should be equally wanting to our feelings and our duty, if we did not, in this public manner, again express our abhorrence of such efforts, and our anxiety to maintain, unimpaired, the authority of the Laws, the dig. nity of the Crown, and the independence of the Legislature. On these principles we will continue to act as we trust we have hitherto acted.-We know that they are the foundatious of that public happiness which our Country, by the blessings of Providence, has enjoyed under the auspicious Government of your Royal High
ness's House, and we are convinced that a zealous and active support of them is required from us by every consideration both of civil and religious duty."
"Given at our. House of Convocation, under our common seal, this twenty-eighth day of October, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and nineteen."
To which His Royal Highness the Prince Regent returned the following gracious Answer:
"I return you my warmest thanks for this loyal and dutiful Address. I was fully persuaded that the University of Oxford, distinguished as it is for the soundest principles of loyalty and religion, could not contemplate, without the utmost reprobation and alarm, the means so actively employed to destroy public morals at their very source; to bring into hatred and contempt all the civil authorities of the Country; and ultimately to subvert the whole fabric of our Constitution, both in Church and State. Such an avowal of your principles, at this most important conjuncture, is highly gratifying to me; and I am persuaded you will ever consider it to be your indispensable duty to spare no exertions in instilling them into the minds of those entrusted to your care, as the only solid foundation of private honour and happiness, as well as of public security and prosperity."
Dec. 7. The rev. Archdeacon Wollaston, rector of the parish of East Dereham, Norfolk, at his tithe-audit, in consequence of the great depression in the price of grain, returned five per cent. to the farmers -an example worthy of imitation.
Yarmouth, Dec. 9. We lament to state, that the whole line of this coast presents a scene of devastation and ruin, occasioned by the late strong gales from the eastward. Wreck lies scattered at every step; and the melancholy ccnclusion is, that several ships, with their unfortunate crews, have gone down: besides these, there are many vessels stranded; some of which are so much damaged as to render them not worth repairing. Various articles have been washed ashore at this place, and a crew of fourteen men arrived in an open boat, on Wednesday, having been obliged to quit their ship, which was entangled in the sands. The vessel was plainly seen from the shore, and it is hoped she will be saved. It is reported that one of the revenue cutters is lost. On Tuesday night, the Phoenix, from Copenhagen, with a valuable cargo, bound for St. Croix, was totally wrecked near this town, and the crew unfortunately perished.
A novel mode of disposing of an estate has been publicly announced in Suffolk. A house,
A house, with garden and orchard, at Thorndon and Thwaite, is to be raffled for by one hundred subscribers, at five pounds each. Should the number be completed, the winner is to pay 20%. and the present proprietor 101. for the good of the company.
A single potatoe was cut into eyes and planted in the garden of C. Moore, esq. at Woodbridge, Suffolk; and the produce was the surprizing quantity of a bushel skep without being heaped, and it weighed 64 lbs. The potatoes are remarkably
The presentation of a valuable living in Cheshire is supposed to have recently lapsed to the University of Cambridge, under the following circumstances:-The death of the incumbent being declared by his physicians to be fast approaching at Leamington, a person entered into a contract for the purchase of the next presentation for 6000l. which was executed about six hours before the decease of the incumbent. This sale is objected to on two grounds-1st. That the patron, being a Catholic, could not sell the next presentation attached to the advowson; and 2dly, that, if he possessed such right, the conveyance was not executed in due time.The probability of this lapse has occasioned considerable interest in the University, the living being estimated at 1500. per ann. Should such lapse be adjudged, the presentation will become elective in the Masters of Arts: on the books of the University several candidates have already declared themselves.
The heir of the ill-fated Gustavus, and nephew to the Emperor Alexander, is now in Edinburgh, where he is to reside for several months. He is about 19 or 20, and of a manly and modest address.
Some gentlemen of Edinburgh have taken the celebrated calculating boy, Bidder, under their protection, and mean to give him a college education; they also gave his father a sum of money to take home to his family.
A person named Smyth, who had been twelve years churchwarden of the parish of St. Michan, Dublin, has been tried for a robbery of the most atrocious description. After a charity sermon, while employed with others in the vestry-room, to count the contributions of the benevolent, he was seen to pass bank notes at various times, from one hand to the other, squeeze them into a small compass, and then slily put them into his pocket: he was searched, and from 201. to 30l. found on him. He received sentence of transportation for seven years.
Dec. 20. Nathan Broadhurst was sent off to Lancaster on a charge of High Treason, committed at Burnley on the 16th of November, under the name of Walker, in company with John Knight.
OCCURRENCES IN LONDON
AND ITS VICINITY.
Windsor Castle, Dec. 4, 1819. "His Majesty's disorder has undergone no alteration. His Majesty was indisposed for two days a fortnight since, but has now recovered his ordinary bodily health, which is good considering his great age."
A gentleman who has lately been in the presence of His Majesty states, that the appearance of our ancient Monarch is the most venerable imaginable. His hair and beard are white as the drifted snow, and the latter flows gracefully over a breast which now feels not the pleasures or the pains of life.-When the gentleman saw him, he was dressed in a loose satin robe lined with fur, sitting in an apparently pensive mood, with his elbows on a table, his head resting on his hands, and seemingly regardless of all external objects.
Friday, Nov. 19.
This morning, about four o'clock, the inhabitants of Crooked-lane were alarmed by a loud shriek, which was occasioned by the following dreadful circumstance :— Mrs. Matthews, about 30 years of age, wife of Mr. Thomas Matthews, wire-worker, No. 9, Crooked-lane, had of late been in a state of despondency, but was getting better. At the time above stated she was seized with that dreadful malady, and at the moment took a fine boy, four months old, from the cradle, and threw it out, from the second-floor back-ground, into St. Martin's burial ground. She then opened the window on the third floor which looks into Crooked-lane, and instantly jumped out. She fell head foremost into the road, and was instantly killed. The infant was taken up alive, but no hopes are entertained of its recovery. An inquest was held on the body of Mrs. M. and a verdict of Lunacy returned.
Friday, Nov. 25.
An inquisition was held, at St.Thomas's Hospital, on the body of a poor man who had been engaged in digging a grave (27 feet deep) in the church-yard of the parish of St. Botolph, Bishopsgate Without. It appeared in evidence, that the shoring boards giving way, the sides of the grave fell in, and the deceased was buried up to. the chin. It was nearly an hour before the poor fellow could be extricated from his dreadful situation. The deceased repeatedly cried out, "For God's sake take me out, or I shall die." He was conveyed to
St. Thomas's Hospital, where he died.~ Accidental Death.
The Lord Mayor held his first Court of Common Council. It was uncommonly numerous, and the subjects to be taken into consideration were of the utmost interest in the city. The first proceeding was upon the question of giving the usual thanks to the late Lord Mayor, for his conduct while in office. Mr. Deputy Williams moved the thanks. An Amendment, expressing strong censure, was moved by Mr. Blacket, and carried.
The next topic of discussion was, the prosecution instituted by the Court of Aldermen against Mr. Alderman Waithman and others, for riotously obstructing the election of a Lord Mayor at the late Common Hall. Resolutions, declaring that the Aldermen have no controul over the Livery prohibiting the Chamberlain from furnishing funds for such prosecutionand recommending the withdrawing of the legal proceedings-were moved by Mr. J. Williams, and carried without a division. Monday, Dec. 6.
A Court of Common Council was held. A report was made from the Committee which had been appointed to watch the proceedings of the Court of Aldermen, in the prosecution which they had directed to be carried ou against Alderman Waithman and others. The Committee stated it to be their opinion, that such a proceeding was pregnant-with great danger to the rights of the citizens of London; but they could take no step in the business until it was referred to the Court of Aldermen. A motion was accordingly made, that it be 'referred to the Court of Aldermen, which was carried.
Wednesday, Dec. 8.
A Court of Aldermen was held at Guildhall; when the late recommendation of the Court of Common Council was presented; upon which they immediately came to a resolution declaring-"That the Court, from the earliest period, have had the right to draw, and in the exercise thereof have drawn upon the Chamber, for the payment of all such sum or sums of money, as well for prosecution directed by them as otherwise, as they, from time to time, have deemed necessary for the purposes of justice.-That whilst the Court is pursuing its due course of public duty, it becomes highly imperative upon them to maintain and defend their rights and privileges against all attacks or attempts that may be made thereon.-That much as this Court would feel gratified in acceding to the unanimous recommendation of the Court of Common Council to withdraw their resolution against the parties implicated, could their sense of duty permit them to do so, they feel themselves bound to enter their most firm and dəcided pro
test against the resolutions of that Court, and the power attempted to be exercised thereby over this Court, in directing the Chamberlain not to pay any expences that have been incurred, or may be incurred, in respect of such prosecutions." Wednesday, Dec. 15.
A Meeting of Booksellers and Printers was held at the London Coffee-house, to take into consideration the provisions of a Bill before Parliament for more effectually preventing seditious and blasphemous Libels, Joseph Butterworth, esq. in the Chair. Several resolutions were passed, and it was unanimously resolved, that “ A Petition be presented to the House of Commons, praying that the same Bill, so far as respects the punishment of Transportation and Death for vending such blasphemous or seditious libels as in the said Bill are mentioned, might not pass into a law." In the 8th Resolution it was justly observed, "That a very great number of historical, political, and religious works, are written and composed and published in London at stated periods, and that most of such works are of temporary and immediate public interest, and that such works issue from the press and pass through the bands of several different booksellers, and many thousands thereof are delivered to the public within a very few hours after their first publication, and that a previous perusal or consideration of such works, by such venders of the same as are not the original or first Publishers, is impracticable."
The clause relative to Transportation on a second conviction for the same offence, was afterwards withdrawn by Ministers, and mitigated to the sentence of Banish. ment. In consequence, the following remarks have been circulated by the Booksellers and Printers of the Metropolis and its vicinity. "With respect to the clause relative to Banishment, the Booksellers and Printers still feel insuperable objections. There is certainly a difference in the two punishments; but although the one be more ignominious and degrading than the other, yet that of Banishment may have a severity of operation equal to that of Transportation in most cases, and may in some cases be more severe. while inevitable ruin attends either punishment, the sufferer is thereby placed beyond the benign influence of the British Constitution, and left in a situation from whence the Crown, the fountain of mercy, cannot be supplicated; or, at best, supplicated under disadvantages from which the greatest criminal is free, while permitted to remain in this Country. These considerations, it is presumed, are of the highest importance with regard to crimes like libel, which are not specific and certain, and which after conviction may,
from that circumstance, admit of many extenuations not immediately apparent. And as a principle of just and wise legisla tion has been applied in rejecting the pu nishment of Transportation for the crimes mentioned in the Bill; so the Booksellers and Printers venture to hope, that the punishment of Banishment, hitherto unknown (as a permanent measure) in the jurisprudence of this Country, will not be retained. They scarcely feel less apprehensive of the consequences of being subject to one punishment, than they were of being subject to both; and they cannot but feel great apprehension and alarm in the contemplation of a measure which involves every personal and domestic comfort."
Petitions have been presented to the House of Commous from numerous bodies of Booksellers of London, Liverpool, Bristol, Birmingham, and other places, against the Newspaper Stamp Duties Bill; setting forth the ruinous effects which that measure would have on the trade in general, and praying that it would not pass in its present shape.
At Bow-street, Mr. Sheriff Parkyns was held to bail, on a charge of libel, preferred against him by Alexander Stewart, esq. a magistrate of the County of Down, Ireland. The matter relates to a letter which Mr. Parkyns had published in an Irish newspaper, in Nov. 1818; wherein he charges Mr. Stewart with a dereliction of his magisterial duty, in consequence of his not rendering (as Mr. Parkyns supposed) proper assistance in taking his servant, who had robbed him to a large amount, and whom Mr. Parkyns had pursued from London to Ireland. The servant was ultimately taken, and convicted.
Friday, Dec. 17.
The following are the circumstances attending the arrest of Mr. Hobhouse, in consequence of the House of Commons having declared him guilty of a breach of privilege, in publishing some offensive remarks on the Members:-Mr. Hobhouse, with his friend Mr. Michael Bruce, was at No. 1, in New-street, Spring Gardens, about six o'clock this evening, when a messenger of the House of Commons, acting as Deputy Serjeant at Arms, made his appearance, and produced the Speaker's warrant as his authority for taking Mr. Hobhouse into custody. Mr. Hob. house said, he considered the warrant to be illegal; and the Tribunal, which had condemned him unheard, and in his absence, to be also illegal; and that he refused to obey the warrant. The messenger replied, that he had brought a force with him to execute the warrant, and the men were in the honse. Mr. Hobhouse desired him to carry back his refusal to the Speaker; but the messenger said he could
not quit him. "Then," replied Mr. Hobhouse, "you must use your force, for I will submit to nothing else." Two other messengers soon after made their appearance; when the first messenger, laying his hand on Mr. Hobhouse, said, "You are my prisoner." Mr. Hobhouse then replied, "I must submit to force, but I protest against this illegal seizure, and desire you to inform the Speaker thereof." Mr. Hobhouse was immediately taken to Newgate, by two of the messengers, in a hackney coach.
The Bill for the relief of Insolvent Debtors, proposed by Lord Althorpe, has been printed by order of the House of Commons. It prohibits Officers of the Court from taking gratuities. The petitioning creditor may compel the surrender of the insolvent's property, which shall vest in the provisional assignee. Examiners are to be appointed by the Commissioner: they are authorized to compel the attendance of witnesses, and are empowered to allow or disallow claims of creditors, subject however to an appeal to the Commissioner. The assignees have a power of making compositions with creditors. In the country, examiners may be appointed by Justices of the Peace at Quarter Sessions, and the Commissioner of the Court in London may direct prisoners, in certain cases, to be examined before Justices at the Quarter Sessions. Prisoners, after discharge, becoming possessed of public funds, or any other species of property, and refusing to convey such property, the Court may, upon petition in a summary way, order such persons to be again arrested.
The petition in favour of Henry Stent, (see p. 270) signed by 14,000 persons, has been laid before the Prince Regent by Lord Sidmouth. His sentence is to be commuted to two years' imprisonment in the House of Correction.
The parish-officers of St. James's have determined to sink wells in different parts of the parish, over which are to be placed handsome pumps of an improved construction, for supplying the inhabitants with spring-water.