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An Enquiry into the Influence of Situation on Pulmonary Consumption, and on the Duration of Life, illustrated by Statistical Reports. By John G. Mausford. M. C. S. Longman and Co.

AN ingenious enquiry into the benefits of low situations and increased atmospheric pressure in Pulmonary Consumption, involving however conclusions to which much may be said in exception. In a work which we have received on Tuberculated Accretions, a most valuable plan is laid down for the treatment of Pthysis;

and we take occasion to remark, that it is with pleasure we find our opinions of Dr. Baron's work, seconded by the corresponding experience of Lasennac, and by Muscagni's illustrations of the lymphatic structure of serous membranes in his posthumous, newly-imported System of Anatomy.

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108. The Clergyman's Almanack for 1820; containing the proper Lessons for every day in the year; the names of the Archbishops and Bishops, and other Dignitaries of the United Church of England and Ireland; the Bishops of the Episcopal Church of Scotland, and the United States of America; the Bishops, Archdeacons, and Chaplains at Foreign Establishments, British Colonies and Islands. The Heads of Houses, Professors, &c. of the two Universities.— Colleges, Public and endowed Grammar Schools in England. Names of the Archbishops and Bishops since his Majesty's Accession to the Throne, and their Successors. An Epitome of Ecclesiastical Law; together with an abstract of the Acts passed in 1819, relating to the Clergy; an Account of the religious and charitable Institutions in connection with the Esta

blished Church, &c. ronels of England,

The Peers and BaIreland, and Scot

land, with the titles usually borne by the eldest Sons of Peers; Lists of the House of Commons, Officers of State, Summary of Taxes, &c. &c. By Richard Gilbert, Accountant to the Society for promoting Christian Knowledge. Printed for the Company of Stationers.

WE took occasion to notice with commendation, this highly interesting and valuable publication for the year 1819, in vol. LXXXVIII. ii. 528, and

are glad to find that Mr. Gilbert has met with sufficient encouragement to induce him to continue it another year. Independently of the information contained in the former, in the present one there will be found in addition, the Prelates and other Dignitaries of the Church of Ireland, the Episcopal Church in Scotland, and also in the United States of America. We have remarked also a list of the public and endowed Grammar Schools of England, with the date of their foundation, names of the masters and patrons. Independent of the matter contained in this Almanack, especially relating to the Clergy, it will, however, be found to possess information of a general nature, we believe, that is not inserted in any pocket-books; for instance, the whole of the Peers and Baronets of England, Scotland, and Ireland; also the titles usually borne by the eldest sons of Peers, alphabetically arranged; and other matter which want of room precludes us from noticing.

We have not the least hesitation in stating that this very useful publication has only to be known to be approved of; whether for the clergy or laity, the information is equally as applicable to the one as the other. We need not add that Mr. Gilbert's Almanack deserves the patronage of the publick, and we are much mistaken if its intrinsic value does not insure it.

109. The Rambles of a Butterfly. By Mary Bilson. 12mo. pp. 177. Darton. A PRETTY addition to the Ju

venile Library; containing anecdotes of many little boys and girls with whom the Butterfly became acquainted in his rambles.


Cambridge, Nov. 19. At a full Congregation, on Saturday last, a Loyal Address was voted by the Senate to his Royal Highness the Prince Regent. On Monday last the Graduates of this University, according to a notice that had been issued, held their second Public Meeting, with a view to form a Society for Philosophical Communication; when the Rev. W. Farish, B. D. Jacksonian Professor, being called to the Chair, Dr. E. D. Clarke brought up the Report of the Committee appointed to construct the regulations of the Society. These regulations were then severally moved by the Chairman, and passed. It was resolved, that the Society bear the name of "The Cambridge Philosophical Society;" and that it be instituted for the purpose of promoting scientific inquiries, and of facilitating the communication of facts connected with the advancement of Philosophy. This Society is to consist of a Patron, a President, a Vice President, a Treasurer, two Secretaries, Ordinary and Honorary Members. A Council is also appointed, consisting of the above-mentioned officers, and seven ordinary members. Immediately after the institution of this Society, upwards of 100 Graduates of the University were admitted as members; and the officers and council for the present year were elected.

Oxford, Dec. 11. The following subjects are proposed for the Chancellor's Prizes for the ensuing year, viz.: For Latin verses "Newtoni Systema." For an English Essay "The influence of the Drama." For a Latin Essay-"Quænam fuerit Concilii Amphictyonici Constitutio, et quam vim in tuendis Græcia Libertatibus et in Populorum Moribus formandis habuerit?"

The first of the above subjects is intended for those gentlemen of the University who have not exceeded four years from the time of their matriculation; and the other two for such as have exceeded four, but not completed seven years.

Sir ROGER NEWDIGATE'S Prize-" For the best composition in English verse, containing fifty lines, by any Under Graduate who has not exceeded four years from the time of his matriculation "The Temple of Diana at Ephesus."

Nearly ready for Publication: The Tenth Part of Mr. ORMEROD'S vaJoable History of Cheshire, which concludes the Work.

The Eighth Number of Mr. NEALE'S History of Westminster Abbey.

The First Number of " Costumes of the Lower Orders of London, painted and engraved from Nature, by Mr. T. L. Busby." It will be completed in six Parts.

Part 1. forming a Half Volume, of a Supplement, or Vol. V. to Mr. BRITTON'S "Architectural Antiquities of Great Britain." This portion consists of 41 Engravings, representing a variety of examples of the circular style of Ecclesiastical Architecture in England; including some specimens of Roman, Saxon, and Norman: these are displayed in plans, elevations, sections, and views; and are calculated to exhibit the progressive changes, or styles in the Architecture of this country. The work is in tended to be completed in 80 plates, with appropriate letter-press, which will comprise an historical, descriptive, and cri. tical essay on the rise, progress, and characteristics of the ecclesiastical edifices and styles of architecture in England.

LEIGH'S New Picture of England and Wales, comprising a Description of the Principal Towns, Ancient Remains, Natural and Artificial Curiosities, &c. Also his New and Correct Pocket Atlas of the Counties of England and Wales.

Characteristic Sketches of the Lower Orders of the British Metropolis, consisting of 54 coloured plates. By T. RowLANDSON. Intended to form a Companion to Leigh's New Picture of London.

The Post Roads of Europe, being a translation of the "Etat des Postes," published by authority during the reign of Napoleon.

A Catechism on the truth of Christianity and the Divine Inspiration of the New Testament.

Popular Tracts against Infidelity. Number I. containing the Life of Thomas Paine. Posthumous Sermous, by John Owen, D.D. 8vo.

The Christian Champion, a new Periodical Publication.

A Companion to Mr. GUAZARONI's Italian Grammar, being a Selection from the most approved Novels, Comedies, and Tragedies in the Italian language, with notes.

Facts and Observations on Liver Complaints, by JOHN FAITHHORN, M.D.

Elements of Physiology, by A. NICHERAND, Professor of the faculty of Medicine in Paris. Translated from the French by G. I. M. Dɛ LYS, M.D. Member of the Royal College of Surgeons in London.

A Treatise on Febrile Disease, by A. P. WILSON.

A Complete System of English, Country Dancing, explained by nearly 300 En-gravings on Wood, by Mr. Wilson, of the Opera House.

The first part of the Second Tour of Doctor SYNTAX in search of the Picturesque; a Poem. In eight monthly num



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Preparing for Publication:
The Sentiments held by the Church of
England on the Doctrines of the Corrup-
tion of Human Nature, Justification,
Good Works, and the Influences of the
Holy Spirit, extracted from her Articles,
Homilies, and Liturgy.

Discourses on the book of Genesis, by the Rev. H. J. AUSTEN.

The Age of Christian Reason, being a Complete Refutation of the Theological and Political Principles of Paine, Volney, and the whole Tribe of Naturalists, other. wise Atheists and Deists; by Mr. T. BROUGHTON.

The Monthly Investigator, or the Efforts of Deists, Infidels, Materialists, Ra. dicals, and Socinians, to enlighten and improve mankind, developed and appreciated, in Letters from the Metropolis to a Nobleman in the Country. By an Eyewitness. Letter I. The late grand Efforts of our Illuminati, detailed with some liberal remarks on their value and tendency, particularly regarding Mr. Thomas Paine, Mr. Carlile, Mr. Laurence, and Lord Byron.

The Chronology of our Saviour's Life; or an Enquiry into the True Time of the Birth, Baptism, and Crucifixion of Jesus Christ.

An Essay on Human Motives, chiefly on Principles of Religion, by the Rev. JOHN PENROSE, formerly of C. C. C. Oxford.

A Systematic Analysis of Universal History, from the Creation to the present Time: illustrated by Tables, Maps, Charts, and other engravings; by Mr. JEHOSOPHAT ASPIN.

Aristophanes' Entire Works, translated by Mr. THOMAS MITCHELL.

"Institutes of Medical Jurisprudence," by Dr. WEATHERHEAD. This Work will contain the four celebrated and hitherto rare Theses of Lecieux on Infanticide; Renard on the method of opening dead, bodies, especially in cases of Coroners' Inquests; Laisné on the spontaneous Erasions and Perforations of the Stomach; and of Rieux on Ecchymosis, Contusions, &c. These dissertations are not intended for the Medical profession only, but also for the gentlemen of the Law in their different capacities of Judge, Counsellor, and Coroner, as well as for the guidance of a Jury in enabling them to form a proper and competent judgment touching the evidence before them.

"Account of Corsham House, with a Catalogue Raisonné of the Methuen collection of Pictures," by Mr. BRITTON. Also the "Catalogue Raisonné of the Marquis of Stafford's Gallery, at Cleveland House." The author solicits the commu. nication of any corrections or hints to render the works more accurate, &c.

Memoirs of the Life of the late Richard

Lovel Edgeworth, esq. being partly written by himself, and continued by his daughter, MARIA Edgeworth.

An English Edition of General Lacroix's History of the Revolution in St. Domingo, with notes and illustrations.

A Curious Collection of Anecdotes of Pope and his contemporaries, which were left for publication by Mr. Spence, from the Author's original Papers; with Notes and a Life of Spence by Mr. SINGER.

A Treatise on the adulterations of Food, and culinary poison, exhibiting the fraudulent sophistications of Bread, Beer, &c.

A Treatise on Diseases of the Urethra and Prostate Vesica and Rectum, being a new edition, and collection of the observations and cases by Mr. CHARLES BELL, Surgeon to the Middlesex Hospital.

A Concise History of the Variolous Epidemic which occurred in Norwich in the year 1819, with an estimate of the protection afforded by Vaccination, &c.

Part 1. of Illustrations of Hudibras: a Series of Portraits of celebrated Political and Literary Characters, Impostors, and Enthusiasts, alluded to by Butler in his Hudibras, and adapted to the Illustration of any 8vo. or 4to. edition of that Work. Engraved by Mr. COOPER from the most authentic Originals. To be completed in Ten Parts, each Part containing Six Portraits.

Tottenham, a Poem, descriptive of the Antiquities and Localities thereof, as associated with the name of Robert Bruce, King of Scotland, by J. A. HERAND.

Specimens of the Living British Poets, with Biographical Notices and Critical Remarks. By the Rev. GEORGE CROLY, A.M. author of "Paris," a Poem, &c.

Private Correspondence of David Hume, the Historian, with the Countess de Boufflers, the Marchioness de Barbentane, J. J. Rousseau, and other distinguished persons, between the years 1760 and 1776, now first published from the Originals, 4to.

Prince Maximilian's Travels in Brazil, during the years 1815, 1816, and 1817.

Travels to the Sources of the Senegal and Gambia, undertaken by order of the French Government, and performed in 1818, by M. G. Mollien. Edited by T. E. BOWDICH, esq. author of the History of the Mission to Ashantee.

Country Neighbours, a Novel, by Miss BURNEY, being a continuation of the "Tales of Fancy."

The Hermit in London: or Sketches of English Manners, vols 4 and 5.

The Committee appointed for inspecting the Stuart papers have, at present, suspended their labours. The papers are extremely voluminous, and run irregular, and the whole are arranging by some gentle

gentlemen conversant with such matters previous to the Committee again assembling, who consist of Sir JAMES MACKINTOSH, Mr. CROKER, Mr. WYNN, Mr. HɛBER, &c.

Sir HUMPHREY DAVY has written from Rome to one of his friends, that of the number of Manuscripts found in the Ruins of Herculaneum, and which have been

there enclosed during 1696 years, 88 have been unrolled and are now legible. There are 319 utterly destroyed; 24 have been given away as presents. It is hoped that from 100 to 120 may yet be saved out of 1265 MSS. that remain to be unrolled and deciphered, by means of a chemical operation, which will cost about 5,0007. sterling.


EGYPTIAN ANTIQUITIES. Extract from a private Letter. "We left Cairo in November, and proceeded very rapidly up the river to Dendera. The Temple is one of great magnitude, and is, perhaps, in a more perfect state than any other monument in Egypt. We remained here four entire days, occupied from morning till evening with the measurements and other details of the architecture and sculpture. The Northerly winds prevailing at this time of the year, and not being willing to lose any opportunity which they offered us, we did not delay at Thebes, but passed it rapidly a few days after our departure from Kerouch, almost immediately opposite Dendera. The first view of this extraordinary city, now split into five distinct villages, is equal to the warmest panegyrics of Denon, and no praise too large can be given to the greatness and sublimity of the combinations, architectural and natural, which it presents.

"On the 2d of January we attained the Jimits of our journey, and remained a few hours at the Upper Cataracts, beyond which all navigation ceases.

"We had for a short time serious intentions of penetrating still further towards the equator; but the unimportance of the very few ruins which remain, not more than three temples, and the difficulty of procuring camels for so large a party, deterred us, on more mature consideration. Wereturned a day or two after, to Abouranbol, the principal temple in Ethiopia: it is excavated in the solid rock, and of a simplicity, magnitude of dimension, and solemnity, even eyes familiar with ordinary Egyptian works have not been accustomed to. We found that the excayation made at the head of the door a year and a half ago, by Captains Mangles and Irby, Signor Belzoni, &c. who were the first who entered it, had been already closed by the accumulation of the sand which pours down like a torrent from the Desert; and we had forty or fifty men, besides ourselves and servants, occupied for two or three days in re-opening it. The entrance well repaid all or any labours which could be undertaken for the purpose. Imagine the effect of six colossal figures, of a size beyond any thing to be seen in Europe, attached to six huge

pilasters on each side of the first great apartment or portico of the temple. This chamber is succeeded by a variety of other smaller ones, connected with or preceding the sanctuary, some supported with pilasters, others without, but richly decorated with mysterious and original sculpture and painting, illustrative of the religion or history of the achiever. The front has no pillars, and hardly any other embellishment than four sitting statues reposing against its face, the proportions of which may be loosely determined from the measurement across the heart, 28 by 8. These figures are perfectly well executed; and though the model chosen is certainly not very consistent with our standard of real or ideal beauty, it is very consistent with itself, and the general result productive of a very noble impression. It stands immediately on the Nile, and is to be seen at a great distance. In addition to this, as its final praise, I may say that these are the only colossal statues that do not lose on approach: those of the Memnonium at Thebes, and particularly the great sitting statues, disappointing both the eye and imagination as you advance. We'returned to Errouan towards the end of January, and resumed our labour at Philæ. Denon places it so incorrectly, that you would hardly recognise in the outlines or proportions the position or character of these ruins."


Some time ago, in digging to make gas tanks at the Low Lights, near North Shields, in a place called Salt Marsh, in Pow Dean, at the distance of 12 feet 6 inches from the surface, the workmen came to a framing of large oak beams, black as ebony, pinned together with wooden pins or tree-nails: the whole resembling a wharf or pier, whither ships drawing 9 or 10 feet water had come. Mussel shells lay under an artificial spread or coating of fine clay, as in the bed of a river. Julius Agricola, about the 83d year of the Christian æra, had his fleet in the Tyne; but tradition says, he moored them in the brook Don, near where Jarrow Church now stands; he may have also moored some of them in this place (opposite to the Roman station, near South Shields), as it has been a secure estuary


at the mouth of the Pow Bourne, guarded from the sea by a peninsula of clay and sandy land, now called the Prior's Point, whereon Clifford's Fort was built in 1672. Large oak trees were also found, hollowed out as if to convey. water.

Had there been found any scoriæ, or calcined stones, conjecture might have pointed to salt-works having been here; but, on the contrary, few stones were found, only sandy black mud 12 or 13 feet deep, and one freestone, squared out in the middle to hold the foot of a wooden pillar hammer marks were visible in the sides of the square hole. On the side of the peniusula above referred to, next to the estuary, salt-pans were working in the time of the Priory at Tynemouth, probably as early as the year 800, and so to the dissolution in 1539; and according to Brand, and other records belonging to the Duke of Northumberland, the Pow Pans were making salt in the reign of Elizabeth; and in 1634, the Corporation of the Trinity-House, Newcastle, bought land near Tolland's, Delaval's and Selby's Pans, to erect their Low Lights upon. Much of the oak moulders away on being exposed to the open air: but some beams


Conductor of LIGHTNING and FLUID.Mr. Capostolle, a French professor of che mistry, affirms that a rope of straw supplies the place of metal conductors. The experiments which he has made confirm, as he says, that the lightning enters a rope of straw, placed in its way, and passes through it into the ground so gently, that the hand of a person holding the rope at the time does not perceive it. Mr. Capostolle adduces the following in proof of his assertion:" It is well known," says he, "that a severe shock is received by a person who immediately touches the Leyden vial. But if a person takes a rope of straw, only seven or eight inches long, in his hand, and touch, with the end of this rope, a Leyden vial, so strongly charged that an ox might be killed by it, he will neither see a spark, nor feel the slightest shock." In Mr. Capostolle's opinion, such a conductor made of straw, which would not cost above three francs, would be able to protect an extent of 60 acres of ground from hail; and were the houses and fields protected in this manner, neither hail nor lightning could damage them.

NEW HYDROMETER. An instrument of a very curious construction, though extremely simple, and upon a most ingenious philosophic principle, has recently been invented, consisting solely of an hydrostatic balance, in one of the scales of which is placed a small porcelain dish,

and planks are preserved, out of which it is intended to make chairs, &c. The Danes often moored fleets in the Tyne, during their incursions, in the ninth, tenth, and eleventh centuries.


It is now ascertained that one and the same Comet returned to our system in 1786, 1795, 1801, 1805, and 1818-19. It appears that it never ranges beyond the orbit of Jupiter. Its short period, of little more than 34 years, and its mean distance from the Sun, which is not much greater than twice that of the Earth, connect it in a particular manner with the part of the system in which we are placed; of course, it crosses the orbit of the Earth more than sixty times in the course of a century.

According to the calculation of M. Olbers of Bremen, after a lapse of 83,000 years, a Comet will approach to the Earth in the same proximity as the Moon; after 4,000,000 years it will approach to the distance of 7,700 geographical miles; and then, if its attraction equals that of the Earth, the waters of the Ocean will be elevated 13,000 feet, and cause a second deluge. After 220,000,000 years, it will clash with the Earth.



three inches in diameter, containing about twenty-one grains of pure sulphuric acid and twenty-nine of distilled water. on being exposed to the greatest possible degree of artificial moisture was found to gain, by absorption, fifty grains in twentyfour hours; and again to be reducible to its original weight by one chemical process. The first mixture being duly balanced, was found to depress its containing scale about an inch by the addition of half a grain of absorbed weight from the atmosphere: from whence a graduated scale may be formed consisting of one thousand divisions. The instrument when in use, is inclosed in a glass cover, with a free circulation of the atmospheric air from the lower part, but protected from the impulse of the air as a current. It is the invention of Dr. Livington of Macao, in China.

Mr. Clarke, of Edinburgh, has made the model of an engine, invented by Mr. Dickson, Gilmore-place, whereby the power of water, or liquid of any kind, is proved to be far beyond what has hitherto been suspected. A supply of water passing through a tube of an inch diameter, where the sitaation suits, is sufficient to perform the work of fifty, or even of one hundred horses. From the small quantity of water required, it is likely to be in considerable request for driving either light or heavy machines.


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