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Review of New Publications.

535 And what is most unfair, no notice is taken be provided for the able, and charit. of the reiterated replies which have been able uid (without the condition of lamade to these objections. Each Deist has

bour) only to those who were phyhad his respective answerers. No labour sically disabled from complying with has been spared, no erudition has been

such condition. We conceived that left unemployed, to set their querulous the statute of Elizabeth, thus underdisposition at rest. Newton and Locke, Lardner and Priestley, Leland and Paley, stood, steers in the middle channel of Watson and Porteus, have done every

reason, between the rocks of idleness thing necessary to elucidate the genius, on one side, and of inhumanity on and establish the truth of Christianity.”

the other. It merely says, do person

shall perish, but all shall be made 101. Defection from God the Cause of useful, and as work is the condition,

present and future Misery. A Sermon, it is better to work for yourself, than preached in the parish Church of Oundle, for others. Now, as we know that September 12th, 1819. By the Rev., J.

no manner of good can possibly reJames. 8vo. pp. 29. Rivingtons. sult from idleness, even to the indi.

A sound and sensible Discourse, viduals themselves, we conceive that from Jeremiah v. 26; well suited to the duty of all parochial officers is to its Title. In a short Appendix, after find work according to the qualifiadverting to some recent impious pub- cations of the party, and in the dilications, Mr. James says,

rection chiefly, if in villages, of agri“ Nor think that Infidelity is thus cultural employment. No absurdity working at a distance only. The Itine. is more gross, than there being no rant Propagators of Blasphemy have track of employınent. Is there a pabrought to the very doors of our houses, rish in the kingdom, where the arable and attempted to circulate within our land is clean, at least kept clean? We families, impious writings, having for know of none. We remember a notheir ultimate tendency, the overthrow of bleman, who was perpetually requestOrder, Morality, and Religiou ; and cal

ed to furoish charitable assistance to culated to produce a demoralizing Atleism, which removing the checks of con

the old and io firm. He granted small science, and keeping out of view all pros- pensions, but only on this conditionpect of an eternal world, would set men

ihat the paupers were seen, every day to prey upon one another, and bring upon

of fair weather, with a scythe, weedour Country desolation."

hook, or sickle, destroying the weeds,

either in his park, or his farms. We 102. A Letter to the Right Hon. C. B. have heard the expence of cleaning

Bathurst, M. P. on the subject of the land stated at not less than 101. per
Poor Laws. By Richard Blakemore, acre; and, under correction, we think
Esq. 8vo. pp. 34. Taylor and Hessey. that giving the land one ploughing to

MR. BLAKEMORE is a magis- loosen the soil, turning in paupers to trate of high respectability, nomie weed it, and following the plan by a nated (and perhaps appointed) High crop of polatoes, would not only efSheriff for Glamorganshire. Having fect the purpose, but repay the farbeen deputed, upou an important pub- mer with a very considerable profit. lic occasion, to attend a Committee We think that the women and chilof the House of Commons, he was dren may thus either be made benerequested by the Members to com. ficial, or, by declining the employ, be municate his ideas in a form less fria Do burden to the parish. We have gitive than that of oral delivery. To before given our opinion, that if the this invitation, certainly a denotation paupers are refractory, and prefer of high respect, the present pamphlet committal to prison, they should not uwes its origin.

be allowed food till they had exeMr. Blakeinore founds his ideas cuted a portion of task-work, more upou the only basis of value in bu. than equivalent to the value of food. siness, experience.

We are satisfied that work is the best He observes, in limine, that the and only efficient method of limiting great check to pauperism (understand- pauperism to its original and only ing by the term indiscriminale paro- justifiable ground, necessity. chial relief) was destroyed by mis. We are gratified in finding our opiConstruction of the statute (43 Eliz.) nions supported by so able a mind which statute, as since determined by as that of Mr. Blakemure.

He states, Parliamual, simply intended work lo that when the check [the correct


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construction of the statute of Eliza. gons are not otherwise passable in beth] did prevail;

their own village roads. Let them “ The practice in cases [of occa

tbrow down their ridges into the ruts, sional distress] was, that the sufferer ap

and level their roads, which may be plied to his master and his friend, to fur- done at one hundredth part of the nish the required succour, himself engag- expence with which they saddle the ing, in return, either repayment, or the publick, purely to save themselves a performance of some other equivalent and mere trifle. Whoever has seen the specific service: thus the link between action of narrow wheels, must sce master and servant was cemented, and that they did not roll, but plough, mutual good offices were the result. But

and mark out tracks, which induce what is the practice now?---The language in

the drivers of other teams to contiuse among the labouring classes is; 'What,

nue in the same directions, always apply to the master ? Money borrowed there must be paid again; but get it treading down the centre and raising from the parish, and there is no paying the sides for the retention of rain back. Does not then the corrective to and water : thus reducing the road pauperism, as applicable to this new state to a mucilage. We think that the of things, immediately present itself ? Let most effectual cure of this evil would the pauper feel himself placed, in his ap- be, in future Acts of Parliament, to plication to the parish, precisely in the autborize double toll upon all wag. same situation as he formerly was in his gon-wheels less than six or eight application to the master; the money inches in breadth. This regulation, advanced must be repaid, or an equiva

as well as attention to ditcbing, lent in services to be performed.” p. 12.

would be an enormous savivg; but we We are satisfied that Mr. Blake much doubt whether any plan is more strikes at the root of the evil; equal to the foreigo one of a pavé and that if the details are made prace in the centre for bad weather, and ticable, very important moral results side-roads for summer. We do not would further eusue; viz. provident however speak positively on this subforesight in the poor, to prevent the ject, because we know notbing of the painful necessity of mortgaging their expence, or other necessary particulabour and time, and the various lars, attending this form of roads. other virtues, which follow caution Gentlemen who, like Mr. Blakemore, and frugality.

apply excellent sense, assisted by ex. Mr. Blakemore next proceeds to perience, not vague theory, to pubthe amazing expence attached to

lic business, are plainly those valutrials concerning settlements. He able characters, who are, without wisely proposes that, before an order flattery, the pillars of the magistracy, of reinovai be made by hearing only and, by the instructive manner one side of the question, copies of which they execute their duty, are the evidence should be transmitted eminent benefactors to society. to the magistrates of the district, to which the pauper is to be removed, and the settlement not be made final till

103. The Entomologist's useful Compen

dium ; or, an Introduction to the Knotnecessary processes, detailed by Mr.

ledge of British Insects, comprising the B. (pp. 19, 20), be gone through with,

besť means of obtaining and preserving on the principle of “ Audi allerum

them, and a Description of the Apparatus partem."

generally used ; together with the Genera To his valuable pamphlet, Mr. of Linné, and the modern method of ar. Blakemore has annexed some very ranging the classes Crustacea, Myriapoimportant remarks concerning the da, Spiders, Mites, and Insects, from their bad management of Turnpike Roads. affinities and structure, according to the He is of opinion, that they should views of Dr. Leach, &c. &c. Illustrated be subject to the inspection of pub

with Twelve Plates. By George Samoulic surveyors (p. 33). "Upon this head elle, Associate of the Linnean Society wecannot forbear making one weighty

of London. 8vo. pp. 496. Boys. observation. We know that too WE are always happy to notice much of the money expended on these the publication of elementary works roads is pure waste, because occa- on Science, conceiving that they sioned by the use of narrow wheels, tend in no small degree to promote in which the farmers obstinately per. morality and virtue among the ris. sist. Their plea is, that their wag- ing generation. No science, perhaps,


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Review of New Publications.

537 has higher claims on our regard than The genera of the Linnean system that of Natural History, whether are enuinerated, and exhibit in most pursued in the field or in the closet : instances the manners and economy it presents a never-failing source of of these families, for in this view rational amusement, and the mind our author considers them. The Mo. that dwells with admiration on the dern or Natural System divides inworks of the Creation is naturally sects into families, for the most part led to the contemplation of the power, founded on the Linnean genera ; from the wisdom, and the goodness of the these, numerous natural genera are Creator. The natural history of the separated, to illustrate which one British Isles has been pursued of late species at least is described, with the years with much zeal and success, synonymes. This department is thus and we anticipate with pleasure its rendered much less difficult than ou further progress.

Botany, Chemis- a superficial view might be imagined, try, and Mineralogy, have become since the characters are plain and very popular sciences, and the re. explicit, aud the explanation of terms sult has been of much real advan. given towards the conclusion of the tage to society. Entomology is in work will enable any person of mothis country much less studied than derate abilities to proceed to the on the Continent, where numerous strictest examination. works on the subject have issued from The work concludes with a copious the press. That it deserves not, bow. account of the apparatus used by ever, the disregard, and even con. entomologists, the method of collecttempt, with which it has been treated ing insects and preserving them, the will be sufficiently obvious, if we seasons for collecting, the method of consider the invaluable properties arranging insects in a cabinet, and of which many insects possess, supplying using the microscope, and an extenus with a portion of the luxuries, the sive calendar of the times of appearcomforts, and the absolute necessa- ance, and usual situations, of above ries, of life: the medicinal virtues of 3000 species of British insects. the cantharides, or blistering fly; the The author has evidently spared no useful products of honey and wax; pains to render his work valuable, and the iniibitable colour carmine; and in every way worthy of the attention that beautiful material silk, in the of the publick; and we strongly reornamental manufacture of which so commend it both for its utility and elemany of our artisans are employed. gance. It is closely printed, and the To insects also we are indebted for plates contain nearly 200 figures, many of the flowers and fruits of the which in the coloured copies are exearth. And as we derive great be. quisitely finished. nefits, so we experience some evils, from these, the most minute, but

104. Time's Telescope for 1820; a Com

plete Guide to the Almanack : containing inost numerous works of the Creator.

an explanation of Saints' Days and HoThe publication before us

lidays; Comparative Chronology; Asprises very extensive information

tronomical Occurrences; and the Natuwithin a small compass, affordioy a ralist's Diary ; to which are prefixed Outcomplete introduction to the science ; lines of Entomology. 12mo. pp. lxviii. and the execution of it must have 324. Sherwood, Neely, and Jones. been attended with no ordinary la- TIME, not the World's Time, with bour. After some introductory ob- wings besprinkled with cards, dice, servations it proceeds with a copious and®“ at homes”-but the Time of account of the parts of insects, the Astronomer, the Naturalist, and their situation, use, &c. interspersed the Historian, again opeus his annual with some very interesting informa magazin des noveautés; and we can tion to the student whose object is safely assure those who may wish to truth. The next division, “ Obser- become purchasers, that all the arvations on the different systems of ticles in this literary Bazaar, are well Entomology," contains the opinions selected and of the first quality. of the most celebrated writers on the This pleasing volume is well adaptsubject, as well as the state of the .ed for Schools, either as a class-book, science in the time of Linné, an out- or, as the reward of merit. line of the Fabrician system, &c.

105. Gent. MAG, December, 1819.

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101. An Enquiry into the Influence of blished Church, &c. The Peers and Ba.

Situation on Pulmonary Consumption, and ronels of England, Ireland, and Scoton the Duration of Life, illustrated by land, with the titles usually borne by the Statistical Reports. By John G. Maus- eldest Sons of Peers ; Lists of the House ford. M. C. S. Longman and Co. of Communs, Officers of State, Summary

of Taxes, &c. &c. By Richard Gil. AN ingenious enquiry into the be- bert, Accountant to the Society for pronefits of low situations and increased moting Christian Knowledge. Printed for atmospheric pressure in Pulmonary the Company of Stationers. Consumption, involving however con

We took occasion to notice with clusions to which much may be said

commendation, this highly interesting in exception. In a work which we

and valuable publicatiou for the year have received on Tuberculated Accre

1819, in vol. LXXXVIII, ii. 528, and tions, a most valuable plan is laid down for the treatment of Pthysis: with sufficieot encouragenyent

areglad to find that Mr.Gilbert has met

io. and we take occasion to remark, that

duce him to continue it another year. it is with pleasure we find our opi: Independently of the inforınation connions of Dr. Baron's work, seconded

tained in the former, in the present by the corresponding experience of

one there will be found in addition, Lasennac, and by Muscagni's illustra.

the Prelates and other Dignitaries of tions of the lymphatic structure of serous membranes in his posthumous Church in Scotland, and also in the

the Church of Ireland, the Episcopal newly-imported System of Anatomy.

United States of America. We have

remarked also a list of the public 106. Observations on the Prevalence of and endowed Grammar Schools of

Fever in various Pourts of the Kingdom, and England, with the date of their foun. on the eminent utility of Houses of Re- dation, names of the masters and covery. By J. H. Dickson, M. D. patrons. Independent of the matter F.R.S. Ed, el L. S. &c. Bristol.

contained in this Almanack, espeWE have in a former Number ex- cially relating to the Clergy, it will, pressed our decided good opinion of however, be found to possess such establishmeots,

are here mation of a general nature, we bepointed out.

lieve, that is not inserted in ang pocket-books; for instance, the whole

of the Peers and Baronels of Eng. 107. Cases of Hydrophobia. By George land, Scotland, and Ireland; also the Pinckard, M. D. &c. Callow.

titles usually borne by the eldest sons Three cases of Hydrophobia, with of Peers, alphabetically arranged ; unsuccessful treatinent and the usual and other malter which want of room melancholy result.

precludes us from noticing.

We have not the least besitation 108. The Clergyman's Almanack for 1820; in statiog that this very useful pub

containing the proper Lessons for every day lication has only to be known to be in the year; the names of the Archbishops and approved of; whether for the clergy Bishops, and other Dignitaries of the United or laity, the information is equally Church of England and Ireland ; the as applicable to the one as the other. Bishops of the Episcopal Church of Scot- We need not add that Mr. Gilbert's land, and the United States of America ; the Bishops, Archdeacons, and Chaplains the publick, and we are much miso

Almanack deserves the patronage of at Foreign Establishments, British Colo. nies and Islands. The Hends of Houses,

taken if its intrinsic value does not Professors, &c. of the tico Universities.

insure it. Colleges, Public and endowed Grammar Schools in England. Names of the Arch. 109. The Rambles of a Butterfly. By bishops and Bishops since his Majesty's Accession to the Throne, and their Successors.

Mary Bilsun. 12mo. pp. 177. Dartou. An Epitome of Ecclesiastical Law; to

A PRETTY addition to the Jugether with an abstract of the Acts passed venile Library; conlaining anecdotes in 1819, relating to the Clergy; an ac


many little boys and girls with count of the religious and charitable In. whom the Butterfly became acquaialstitutions in connection with the Esta, ed in his rambles.



[ 539 ]


Cambridge, Nov. 19. At a full Congre- Part I. forming a Half Volume, of a gation, on Saturday last, a Loyal Address Supplement, or Vol. V. to Mr. BRITTON'S was voted by the Senate to his Royal High- " Architectural Antiquities of Great Briness the Prince Regent. On Monday last lain.” This portion consists of 41 En. the Graduates of this University, accord- gravings, representing a variety of exing to a notice that had been issued, held amples of the circular style of Ecclesitheir second Public Meeting, with a view astical Architecture in England ; includto form a Society for Pbilosophical Com. ing some specimens of Roinan, Saxon, munication; when the Rev. W. Parish, and Norman: these are displayed in B. D. Jacksonian Professor, being called plans, elevations, sections, and views ; to the Chair, Dr. E. D. Clarke brought up and are calculated to exbibit the prothe Report of the Committee appointed to gressive changes, or styles in the Arcbiconstruct the regulations of the Society. lecture of this country. The work is illu. These regulations were then severally tended to be completed in 80 plates, with moved by the Chairman, and passed, it appropriate letter-press, which will comwas resolved, that the Society bear the prise an historical, descriptive, and cri. name of “ The Cambridge Philosophical iical essay on the rise, progress, and chaSociety ;” and that it be instituted for the racteristics of the ecclesiastical edifices purpose of promoting scientific inquiries, and styles of architecture in England. and of facilitating the communication of LEIGH's New Picture of England and facts connected with the advancement of Wales, comprising a Description of the Philosophy. This Society is to consist of a Principal Towns, Ancient Remains, NaPatron, a President, a Vice President, a tural and Artificial Curiosities, &c. Also Treasurer, two Secretaries, Ordinary and his New and Correct Pocket Atlas of the Honorary Members. A Council is also Counties of England and Wales. appointed, consisting of the above-men- Characteristic Sketches of the Lower tioned officers, and seven ordinary mem. Orders of the British Metropolis, consiste bers. Immediately after the institution ing of 54 coloured plates. By T. Rowof this Society, upwards of 100 Graduates LANDBON. Intended to form a Companion of the University were admitted as mem- to Leigh's New Picture of London. bers; and the officers and council for the The Post Roads of Europe, being a present year were elected.

translation of the “ Etat des Postes;” pub. Oxford, Dec. 11. The following subjects lished by authority during the reign of are proposed for the Chancellor's Prizes Napoleon. for the ensuing year, viz.: For Latin verses A Catechism on the truth of Christia. “ Newtoni Systema.” For an English nity and the Divine Inspiration of the Essay-" The influence of the Drama." New Testament. For a Latin Essay-"Quænam fuerit Con- Popular Tracts against Infidelity. Numcilii Amphictyonici Constitutio, et quam ber I. containing the Life of Thomas Paine. vim in tuendis Græciæ Libertatibus et in Posthumous Sermons, by Johu Owen, Populorum Moribus formandis habuerit;" D.D. 8vo.

The first of the above subjects is in- The Christian Champion, a new Peri. tended for those gentlemen of the Univer- odical Publication. sily who have not exceeded four years A Companion to Mr. GUAZARONI'S Itafrom the time of their matriculation ; and lian Grammar, being a Selection from the The otber two for such as have exceeded most approved Novels, Comedies, and Trafour, but not completed seven years.

gerlies in the Italian language, with potes. Sir Roger NEWDIGATE's Prize." For Facts and Observations on Liver Comthe best composition in English verse, plaints, by John FAITA HORN, M.D. containing fifty lines, by any Under Gra- Elements of Physiology, by A. NICHE. duate who has not exceeded four years RAND, Professor of the faculty of Medicine from the time of his matriculation in Paris. Translated from the French by “ The Temple of Diana at Ephesus.” G. I. M. De Lys, M.D. Member of the

Royal College of Surgeons in London. Nearly ready for Publication : Ă Treatise on Febrile Disease, by A. The Tenth Part of Mr. ORMEROD's va- P. WILSON. Joable History of Cheshire, which con- A Complete System of English, Country cludes the Work,

Dancing, explained by nearly 300 En. The Eighth Number of Mr. Neale's gravings on Wood, by Mr. Wilson, of the History of Westminster Abbey.

Opera House, The First Number of " Costumes of the The first part of the Second Tour of Lower Orders of London, painted and Doctor SYNTAX in search of the Pictuengraved' from Nature, by Mr. T. L. resque; a Poem. In eight monthly num. Busby.” It will be completed in six Parts. bers.



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