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human koowledge may be reduced merly prevailed at Cambridge, in his to a scale differiog in degrees only. note on these lines of Milton's second The compass of the scale is from Elegy: generals to particulars. Science, “ Vestibus hunc igitur pullis, academia, poetry, narration, occupy different luge, points of the scale, add all are alike Et madeant lachrymis nigra feretra tuis." historical. An occurrence in real

“Lachrymis tuis,” Mr. Todd thinks, life, a transaction, ah anecdote, a

are the funeral poenis, like “ melodistory, a life of some illustrious in.

ous tear" in Lycidas, ver. 14, where dividual, a history of a whole peo- sce the note for a detailed account ple, the EPOPEIA of Homer, a re- and interesting quotations. Todd's view, a statement, a well-drawn-up Milton, 2nd edit. 1809, vol. VI. p. 16, report of circumstances in a speech, and vol. VII. p. 190. in a writing, a classification of thiogs The article in a late Quarterly Reinto species after some common con- view on Wilkins's Vitruvius, induced nexion ; of these again into genera, me to peruse Mr. Wilkins's very learnthrough some further common cou- ed and ingenious remarks on the Honexion, by which we arrive at sci. meric Poems; and I freely confess ence : these all are but so many that they appear powerfully to supmodes of history, differing only in port the opinion of Dr. Butler. The selection, degrees of reduction, and Prolegomena ad Homerum I bave in having more or less compression, never seen. I canpot, however, rewith more, or less, of the generalising tract my opinion that the transcenprinciple.

YORICK. dant excellence of several parts of (To be continued.)

the Odyssey renders them perfectly

worthy of the author of the Iliad, Mr. URBAN, Kilkenny, Dec. 8.

and that (in my judgment) they bear THE arguments of your Corre- internal evidence of having proceeded

spondent XXX. p. 319, inpogn. from him to whom all the great criing the correctness of my explanation' tics of antiquity uniformly ascribed of a passage in Shakspeare's Antony them. and Clevpatra, and supporting that Yours, &c.

WM. SHANAHAN, M.D. of Dr. Warburton, have not changed my opiniop of the latter, I now sug

Mr. URBAN,

Kilkenny, Dec. 9.

following be satisfaetorily explained without lhe alteration of a single letter :- with the Bibliomunia. During the the old * copies read," inost monster- last spriog a friend of mine (resident like be shown for poorest dimniny. in this city) entered a sale-room in tives, for dolts:" of these words War Dublin just as the auctioneer was burton changed“ dolts" to dvits, and putting up a few old volumes conTyrwhilt substiluled to for the last sidered of little value: one gem, how“ for.” To me it appears that the ever, was in the rubbish; for my friend proud Antong scornfully designales obtained for fifty sbillipgy a fine copy ihe rabble of Roine by two epithets; (in very sound condition, but wanting by the first of which (" diminutives") five leaves), of Pynson's edition of Barthe mean alıd insignificant station in clay's “Shyp of Folys of the Worlde," society: and by the latter the intel. impronted in London, 1509, exactly lectual + grossness of the persons al. answering Mr. Dibdin's account of luded to, are emphatically expressed. This rare book in his “ Ames's Typo

I proceed to add a few remaiks con- graphical Antiquities," vol. II. p. 431. nected with the subjects of iny former On comparing it with Cawood's recommunication. I observe ihat Mr. print #, 1570, the latterappears nearly Todd has policed the custom of af. equal in beauty to its renowned prefixing verses to the Pall, which for. decessor : in Pjnson's book there is

Such is the text of the 4th foliu, 1635, the only one at present within my reach. 7. I refer the reader to a curious passage (not wholly unknown to Mr. Burke) in Sir Thomas Browne's Religio Medici, pari the second, section the first; page 134, 12mo. edition, 1642.

A fine copy of Cawood's book is in the library of St. Canice's Cathedral, in this city; a library containing a large number of the best and rarest editions (by the Aldi

aud

(,

a larger interval between the Latin miscuously together to view the pubverses; the Black Letters are larger, lic exhibitions. At the period above firmer, and more deeply coloured ; mentioned, that practice was first inthe Arabesque ornaments round each fringed, and the senators were sepawood-cut are less meagre than those rated from the commons, by the adin Cawood's edition, which contains vice of the elder Scipio Africanus, “ The Myrrour of Good Maners," who, on that account, fost much of translated from the Latio of Domy, his former popularity.Lib. 2, 4, 2. nike Mancio, “ Barclay's Eclogues," Pantomime at Rome seems to have and other addenda. Cawood concludes originated with Livius Andronicus, the Ship of Fools in a manoer very about the latter part of the fifth cenunlike ibat of Pynson's Colophoo. turg from the foundation of the city. Yours, &c. Wm. SHANAHAN, M. D. That dramatist was accustomed to

act his own pieces; and being freAncient Anecdotes, &c.

quently called upoo to repeat (or, as

we say, encored), he found his voice from VALERIUS MAXIMUS,

so much affected by those extraor. by Dr. CAREY, West Square.

dinary exertions, that he had recourse (Continued from p. 406.)

to the expedient of employing a subURING pear six centuries and a stitule to recite or sing the words to individual) solely depended, in battle, while he himself performed in dub on his untaught valour and physical show.-Lib. 2, 4, 3. powers. At length, in the year six The first public exbibition of gla. hundred and forty-eight from the diators at Rome was in the year of building of the city, the consul Pub. the city 489. It was given by Marcus lius Rutilius first introduced fencing and Decius Brutus, to honor their masters into the Roman army, and father's funeral.--Lib. 2, 4, 7. set the example of systematically No trial for poisoning ever occurred training the men to the scientific use at Rome, oor was any law enacted of the sword aod shield.—The fence against it, until the year 422, wben, ing-masters were procured from a on the information of a female slave, school of gladiators.Lib. 2, 3, 2. one hundred and seventy matrons

During nearly six centuries, the were convicted of taking or attemptRomans had do theatre. In the year ing their husbands' lives by poison. of the City 599, the censors Messala A number of the guilty dames were and Cassius uodertook to erect one. condemned to capital punishment.But, on a motion of Scipio Nasîca, Lib. 2, 5, 3. the sepate ordered all the materials It was the custom of the Spartans to be publicly sold by auction; and not to march forth to battle, till their moreover passed a decree, that no spirits were roused by the sound of seats should be erected for the pur- the flute, and songs in the anapæstic pose of viewing public games or other measure*. - They used scarlet for exhibitions, either in the city, or their military dress, to prevent the within a mile of it; and that none of sight of their blood from operating the spectators should be allowed to as an encouragement to the enemy. sit. This prohibition was intended to -Lib. 2, 6, 2. habituate the citizens to the manly It was customary at Athens, that attitude of standiog erect, as a cha- the supreme council of the Areopàgus racteristic of Roman hardihood. should oblige every man to give an Lib. 2, 4, 2.

account of the means from which be Uotil the year of Rome 559, the derived his subsistence.Lib. 2, 6, 4. senators and ibe plebeians stood pro- At Athens, any freedman (or mavuand Elzevirs) of the Greek and Roman Classics; some very scarce old English books ; and a great collection of the most rare, beautiful, and valuable works in Italian Lite. rature. There are about 5000 rolumes, to which not a book has beeu added during the last fifty or sixty years. Almost all the valuable works were formerly the property of Bishop Maurice, a tasteful collector, who enriched these shelves with the entire of his excellent library.

• Of the martial character and effect of the Anapæstic metre, in English as well as in Greek and Latin, I have taken particular notice, in the Preface to the third edition of my“ Latin Prosody made easy."

mised slave), who was found guilty wishing to prefix to it some account of ingratitude to his patron (or of the writer, I take the liberty of late inaster), was deprived of his requesting information on the followfreedom, and reduced to his former ing points, which are necessary to slate of servitude.—Lib. 2, 6, 6. the completion of the memoir.

At Marseilles (a Greek colony) a The Walker family, of whom the similar custom prevailed ; with this Admiral was a member, trace their difference, however, that the offend- descent, as I have understood, from ing freedman might be three times the celebrated David Gam, alias sent back to slavery: but, for the Llewellin, whose memorable speech, fourth offence, the master oo longer when sent to recopnoitre the French had the power of reclaiming him ; it army, previous to the Battle of Aginbeing considered as his own fault, that court, has obtained him sucb bonour. he had exposed hiinself to such repe- able mention in the page of English tition of the offender's uograteful History. Some of your readers may, conducl.--Lib. 2, 6, 7.

perhaps, be enabled to trace the AdAt the gate of the same city, lay miral's Pedigree from this distintwo chests, or coffins—the one for guished character. the bodies of free persons, the other Sir Chamberlain Walker, who was for those of slavęs. In these, the one of the physicians to Queen Anne, dead were conveyed in a cart to the was also a branch of the same family; place of sepulture, without wailing or and I am desirous of obtaining some lamentation ; and the mourning was authentic particulars respecting him terminated on the day of the funeral, likewise, and his affinity to the Adby a domestic sacrifice, and a con- miral. vivial entertainment given to the re- When and where was the Admiral latives and friends of the deceased.- borp ? and wbo was his wife? From Lib. 2, 6, 7.

the Journal now lying before me, and Marseilles again. In that city, was which includes the whole of the year constantly kepi, by public authority, 1708, it appears that sbe bad been a ready-prepared poisonous draught, the widow of an officer, and as such to be admioistered to any person, who received a pension from Government.

old, to the satisfaction of the su- My earliest information respecting preme council, show sufficient cause the Admiral reaches back no further for wishing to die.Lib. 2, 6, 7. than the year 1702, six years prior

A similar custom prevailed in the to the date of the volume of his JourGreciao isle of Kevs or Côs: and pals which I possess ; at this period Valerius Maximus relales, that he he was in the command of the Bur. bimself witnessed, in that island, the ford, one of a fleet under the orders following instance of it. A lady of of Sir George Rooke, by whom he the highest rank-who had reached was dispatched with five more thirdher nioetieth year in the enjoyment rates, and a fleet of 10 transports, of constant prosperity, and the percarrying four regiments, to the West fect use of all her facullies, mental Indies, where an attempt was made and corporeal, with the additional · by the land forces, uoder General satisfaction of seeing her two daugh- Codrington, upon the island of Guadeters the happy mothers of seven loupe, but with little success and children -actually applied for, and that little owing to the support given publicly drank, the deadly potion, by Commodore Walker in the Chifroin no other motive, than the ap- chester. prehension (as she said) of perhaps The failure of the expedition aliving to experience some change of gainst Quebec has been laid, as I am that good fortune, which had for so disposed to think, unfairly, to the many years invariably attended ber. charge of the Admiral. I could wish -Lib. 2, 6, 8.

to have some account of that unfor(To be continued.)

tupate transaction divested of the

colouring of party. Mr. URBAN,

Exminster, near From what I have been able to

Exeter, Nov. 18. collect, it appears that shortly after APPENING to possess one of the accession of the present Family,

Sir Hovendon was dismissed without Admiral Sir Hovendon Walker, and pay or pension, and retired to Ire

land,

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Hathe private Journals of Rear

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land, where he died, but when I bave Alexander founded 70 cities, so situbeco unable to learn *.,

ated as to promote commerce and Should any of your numerous diffuse civilization; had those dareaders feel disposed to favour me tions, says Plutarcb, pot been conwith information on the foregoing quered, Egypt would have had no points, or any other interesting parts Alexandria, and Mesopotamia, no Seof the history of the Walker Family, leucia. He also introduced marriage I shall feel infinitely obliged by their into one conquered country, and agricommunication.

culture into another;-one barbarous Yours, &c.

W. H. nation, which used to eat their pa

rents, was led by him to reverence Mr. URBAN,

Nov. 30. and maintain them; he taught the N the Oxford Almanack for the their mothers; and the Scythians to

Persiavs to respect and not to marry that the Lent or Hilary Term ends on Saturday, March 25. This, it is an iofinite Wisdom often permits human

Thus it will be seen, that the same prehended, is' a mistake; since it is enjoined by the University Statutes, subservience to his grand purpose of

; that if the beginning or end of any term falls on a festival, it shall be general good, not only sets good postponed to the following day; with against evil, but often, where the an exception as to the third or Eas- counteracting principle of religion ter Term, the end of wbich, should it

seens wholly suspended, prevents: fall on a festival, is to be or the day of human affairs, by allowing one set

any fatal preponderance in the scale preceding the festival. Tit. i. sec. 1. lo compliance with this injunction, The clash of parties, and the opposi

of vices to counterbalance apother. the end of tbe Lent or Hilary Term, tion of human opinion, are often which in 1820 fälls on Saturday, March 25, ought, as that day is the overruled for good-and thus, thro' festival of the Annunciation, to be the action and counteraction of the postponed to the 26th ; but' as the human mind, no jar of passion, no 261h falls on a Sunday, the end of defeat the wise and gracious purposes

abuse of free agency, shall eventually the Term should be further post. of Heaven. poned to Mooday, the 27th.

Thus the Crusaders beheld in their The case which gave rise to these

march countries in which civilization remarks, can only occur when Easter Day falls on the 2d of April, which had made a greater progress thao in has taken place only three times their owo; they saw foreign manu

factures in a state of improvement, during the period of more than a century preceding the present time ;

to which they had not been accus viz. in 1727, 1738, 1809. And in the tomed: thus their views of commerce Oxford Almanacks, dow laying before

were improved, and their means of me, for those years, the Term is said extending it were enlarged.So the to eod on Monday, March 27, and usurpation of the Popes, and the coroot on Saturday, the 25th.

ruption of the Romish Clergy, be

caine the cause of the Reformation, Perhaps, some of your academical Correspondents may be inclined to

-and the capture of Constantinople direct iheir allention to this subject.

by the Turks, compelled the only Yours, &c.

Taxis.

accomplished scholars then in the world to seek an asylum in the

Western parts of Europe. Crimes ON THE INSTRUMENTALITY OF THE by which any of ihese measures were GREAT.

preceded or accompanied, could neABE instrumentality, under Pro. ver meet the sanction of Heaved ; by every record of history, and by not of the crimes, were instruments the experience of modern times. for effecting good from evil.

To reduce uncertaioly lo melhod, * He is supposed 10 have died in Ire- confusion to arrangement, and conland, in 1724, and a good account of him tingency to order, is solely the preromay be seen in Charnock's Biographia gative of Almighty power. Navalis, vol. II. p. 455,-EDIT.

And thus in our own times, the

audacity

pene

audacity and disorder by which the fame, or the persuasions of a mise
delusive clamour for radical Reform tress, or the subtlety of a minister-
are proclaimed aloud by men who from their single fiat may issue the
have not studied or practised a due ruin or death of thousands, whom :
reform in themselves, bave already they are sworn to preserve l-"Those
excited from the fire, a quick sensi- who show themselves displeased at
bility of the friends to lawful govem- truth, must, not be surprised if they
ment, to re-examine the excellencies never hear it.”
of our Constitution, to review the Sallust has, says the wise and;
beauty of this fair and polished tem- traliog Hannah More (2 Hints 19), in
ple, and to re-resolve to maintain it, four exquisitely-chosen words, given
in its original condition. On the con. in the character of one ingovator,
trary, the same lemper of mind which that of almost the whole tribe (whe-
disposes a man to fear God, prompts ther they be Monarchs, Ministers, or
him to bonour the King :--the same Chiefs ) alieni appetens, sui profusus;
pride, self-sufficiency, and impatience and the parallel sentiment of Virgil,
of controul, which are commonly the brings this truth more to light,-
root and origin of impiety, naturally

“ delirant Reges; plectantur, Achivi !"
produce civil insubordination and
discontent.

It is not, says. Dr. 'South, from the The lostrumentality of either good common, but from the inclosure, or bad Rulers, be they Kings or Mic that he expects his advantages. nisters, is an obvious means of re- Julius Cæsar was a model in the warding or punishing their people. dispatch of business, and the effects “ If sioful palions appear prosperous of his decision united, were seen and for a time, it is often because there felt over the Western parts of Euhas been some proportion of good rope ; thus, also, the Julius of moinixed with the evil ; or it is because deru times, “ with all his celerity of the providence of God means to use dispatch, his judgment voiformly apthe temporary success of guilty na- pears to have been cool and serene; tions for the accomplishment of his and even in the midst of the most general scheme, or the promotion of complicated transactions and importa particular purpose, of humbling ant battles, no perplexity is ever and correcting other, perhaps less manifest in bis .conduct, no entangleguilty nations ; or it is because the ment in his thoughts, no coufusion in iniquity of the Anorites is not yet his expressions or orders.” full;' and the punishment of the The example of the great is nearly more corrupt state is delayed to make connected with their Justrumentality, their ruin more signal and tremen- for it produces effects wbich they dous, and their downfall a inore por. cannot afterwards recall; and this in tentous object for the instruction of a public as well as in a private act. the world. Hence it appears how Henry IV. of France was passionately very necessary it is to the happiness addicied to ganing,--the contagion of man that every Priuce and every spread through not only his court, Minister shou!d be deeply impressed but his whole kiogdom. When what with the sanctions of Religion,--and is wrong is thus countenanced, it beindeed • lo expect any conduct or comes fashionable, and then few are principles of inorality to be firm, ashaned of doing wrong. which do not stand upon any reli- bigh-horo are taught to enjoy the gious foundation, is to expect sta- world at an age when they should be bility from an ioverted pyramid.' learning to know it; and to grasp Religion, says Chancellor De l'Hopi- the prize when they should be exerlal, has more influence upon the cising themselves for the combat.”. spirits of mankind, than all their pas- of the Queen of Navarre, mother sious put together; and the cernent of Heory IV. Bishop Burnet said, noby wbich it unites them, is infioitely thing was wanting to make her perstronger than all the obligations of fect but a larger domain, civil society.”

“lo a privce to love peace, is to When so much is confided to the be charitable on a grand scale.” More. care of high-born men, how babi. These, among many other instances, tually should they be on their guard may suffice, to prove that the superagainst the allurements of personal intending eye of Providence governs,

directs,

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