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wasted, that it dropped in pieces on re- At the time of opening it, the height was moving it from the earth. Around the six feet, and diameter between 30 and 40. rivet of one of them is a small quantity of It has every appearance of being as old, flax or hemp in a tolerable state of pre- as any in the neighbourhood, and was servation. Near the side of the body covered with large trees, at the first setwas found a plate of silver which appears tlement of Marietta, the remains of whose to have been the upper part of a sword roots were yet apparent in digging away scabbard; it is six inches in length, and the earth. It also seems to have been two inches in breadth, and weighs one made for this single personage, as the reounce; it has no ornaments or figures; mains of Que skeleton only were discobut has three longitudinal ridges, which vered. The bones were much decayed, probably correspond with the edges, or and many of them crumbled to dust on ridges of the sword-it seems to have exposure to the air. From the length of been fastened to the scabbard by three or some of them it is supposed the person four rivets, the holes of which yet remain was about six feet in height. in the silver.

Nothing unusual was discovered in their Two or three broken pieces of a copper form, except that those of the skull were tube, were also found, filled with iron uncommonly thick. The situation of the rust. These pieces, from their appear. mound on high ground, near the margin ance, composed the lower end of the of the plain, and the porous quality of the scabbard, near the point of the sword. earth, are admirably calculated to preNo sign of the sword itself was discovered, serve ang perishable substance from the except the appearance of rust above men- certain decay which would attend it in tioned.

many other situatious. To these circumNear the feet was found a piece of cop. stances is attributed the tolerable state of per, weighing three ounces. From its preservation in which several of the arti. shape it appears to have been used as a cles above described were found, after plumb, or for an ornament, as near one laying in the earth for several centuries. of the ends is a circular crease, or groove, We say centuries, from the fact that trees for tying a thread; it is round, two inches were found growing on those antient and a half in length, one inch in diameter works, whose ages were ascertained to at the centre, and half an inch at each amount to between four and five hundred end. It is composed of slates or pieces years each, by counting the concentric of native copper, pounded together, and circles in the stumps after the trees were in the cracks between the pieces, are stuck cut down; and on the grouod besides several pieces of silver; one nearly the them were other trees in a state of decay size of a fourpenny piece, or half a dime that appeared to have fallen from old This copper ornament was covered with a age. Of what language, or of what nacoat of green rust, and is considerably tion were this mighty race that once inhacorroded. A piece of red ochre or paint, bited the territory watered by the Ohio, and a piece of iron ore, which has the ap- remains yet a mystery, too great for the pearance of having been partially vitri. most learned to unravel. fied, or melted, were also found. The But from what we see of their works, ore is about the specific gravity of pure they must have bad some acquaintance iron.

with the arts and sciences. They have The body of the person here buried left us perfect specimens of circles, was laid on the surface of the earth, with squares, octagons, and parallel lines, on bis face upwards, and his feet pointing to a grand and noble scale. And unless it the N. E. and his head to the S.W. From can be proved that they had intercourse the appearance of several pieces of char. with Asia or Europe, we now see that coal, and bits of partially burnt fossil they possessed the art of working in metals. coal, and the black colour of the earth, it N. B. The above described articles are would seem that the funeral obsequies in the possession of Dr. Hildreth, and can had been celebrated by fire; and while be seen by any one desirous of viewing the ashes were yet hot and smoking, a them.-/ Amer. Friend.) circle of thin flat stones had been laid Marietta (on the Ohio) July 19, 1819. around and over the body. The circular

CHEMICAL EXPERIMENT ON MOUNT covering is about eight feet in diameter,

VESUVIUS. and the stones yet look black, as if stained

A very singular experiment, or ratber by fire and smoke. This circle of stones

result, has laiely been announced, as obseems to have been the nucleus on which

tained by M. Gimbernath, a learned Spathe mound was formed, as immediately piard, who is now Counsellor of the King over them is heaped the common earth of of Bavaria. Having ascended the sumthe adjacent plain, composed of a clayey mit of Vesuvius, Dec. 4, 1818, he placed sand and coarse gravel. This mound

on one of the sumarole (clefts or crevices must originally have been about 10 feet

of the crater, whence smoke coustantly bigh, and so feet in diameter at its base. issues) an apparatus for condensiog the


Arts and Sciences.

447 vapour. By this means he obtained a

for many years in investigating the misomewhat considerable quantity of clear neralogical structure of his native coundistilled water, which tasted of fat or try, and has now, we understand, collectgrease, and smelt of burnt animal sub- ed so extensive a series of facts and obstances. The chemical tests to which this servations, that he will soon be able to liquid was subjected, shewed clearly ibat present to the publick a Map of the miit contained neither sulphuric acid, nor neralogy of Scotland. Dr. Mac Culloch, any free acid. M. Gimbernath is of opi- who has had the good fortune to be emnion that it is saturated with a matte ployed in mineral researches in Scotland partaking of the nature of animal matter. at the expense of Government, has it also MINERALOGY.

in' agitation to publish a Map illustrative Professor Jameson has been employed of the geology of that country.

ARTS AND SCIENCES PRINTING MACHINE. - - Mr. W. Rutt, of ducing and combining various species of Shacklewell, near London, has invented a work is effected upon the same plates and Printing Machine, which for its simplicity, surfaces, the difficulty of imitation increasand superiour style of printing and making ed, and the process of printing facilitated; register, exceeds any printing-machine bi. and also an improved inethod of making therto invented. It is capable of printing and using dies and presses for coining any kind of work, in letter of any size,

money, stamping medals, and other useful either in stereo or moveable type, with purposes. equal facility. The inking apparatus is

FOUR-WHEEL CARRIAGES. --- A newly inso arranged, that, by the action of the ina

vented four-wheeled carriage has lately chine, the requisite and regular supply of

excited much interest in Scotland. By a ink is received by the rollers from a duct

great mechanical improvement in the peculiarly constructed, and communicated axles, one horse performs the work of two to the type in such a manner as to pro

with the most perfect ease; and by an induce a complete uniformity of colour, how- genious contrivance, the horse can be, in ever extensive the number of impressions.

the event of an accident, instantaneously The form of type to be printed is placed released from the carriage, at the will of on the table of the machine. During

the driver. The easy riding of the carriage the time the table is returning to the front

arises from the peculiar formation of the part of the machine, the cylinder remains perch. A more elegant constructed constationary, allowing time to lay a sheet of veyance has been rarely seen ; it may be paper on it, and, by a corresponding ar

called a waggon, but it is not the weight rangement, the table gives motion to the

of a dog cart. It runs so easy, that the cylinder, and causes it to revolve; which,

traveller may write in it, going eight miles on passivg again to the back part of the

per hour on a rough road. It is not hea. machine, performs the operation of inking vier than a gig, and built at little more and printing. The small space which this

expense. It is, besides, a peculiar safe machine requires is also much in its fa.

conveyance; as although the horse should vour ; a room 10-ft.-6, by 7ft.-6, would fall, or run away, he can be liberated in be sufficiently large for the full operation

a moment. The springs being lancewood, of one equal to a work on super royal lined with whalebone. This machine is not paper. It will print as wany sheets in a

liable to duty, and pays very little toll. minute as a man can put on the cylinder,

TEMPERING GLASS. Let the glass ves. which may be about fifteen ; but its rate must be regulated according to the qua- let the water be heated boiling hot, and

sel be put into a vessel of cold water, and lity of the work required to be done.

then allowed to cool slowly of itself, withA Patent has been granted to Jacob out taking out the glass. Glasses treated Perkins, late of Philadelphia, now of Aus- in this way may, while cold, be suddenly tin Friars, engineer, for certain machinery filled with boiling hot water without any and improvements applicable to ornamen- risk of their cracking. The gentleman tal turning and engraving, and to the trans- who communicates the method, says that ferring of engraved or other work from the he has often cooled such glasses to the surface of one piece of metal to another erature of 10®, and poured boiling piece of metal, and to the forming of me- water into them without experiencing any tallic dies and matrices; and also improve inconvenience from the suddenness of the ments in the construction and method for change. If the glasses are to be exposed using plates and presses for printing bank to a higher temperature than that of boil. notes and other papers, whereby the pro- ing water, boil them in oil.


thine eyes,

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Found in the way of righteoysness" and

truth. Written after the Battle of LEIPSIC, by a Friend to the King and Constitution.

Oh thou, our father! thou our Prince and

friend, Air." Boys before ye marry, Miod the golden rule."

How many a sight that would have griev'd HERE'S to her who long

How many a pang that would bave wrung Shall flourish great and free,

thy heart, Britannia fam'd in song,

Has God withheld, and thy afflictions spar'd The Empress of the sea;

thee? For British soil was made,

The Rose of England wither'd in its bud, For Freedom's sons alone,

The voice of wailing was in every tent; And here's so bright display'd

Yet this day pass'd unruffled as before. A Patriotic Throne.

The Partner of thy hopes, when hope was CHORUS,

young, Then here's to her who long

She who had shard thy first, thy youthful Shall flourish great and free,

Britannia fam'd in song,

And minister'd to every sorrow—she
The Empress of the sea.

Fell by long sickness and a ling'ring death, When Anarchy's wild reign,

And thou had'st neither sigh nor tear to O'er half the world bore sway,

give; And life-blood flow'd a main ;

Yet thou art not forgotten-dear thou wast From nations in dismay,

In happier moments-and'ob, dearer far Britannia firmly stood,

Now that the hand of God hath touch'd Undaunted in the storm,

thee-still Tho' Traitors cried aloud,

Hallowed by all the memory of the past For Plunder and Reform.

Shall be this day-sacred by lengthen'd Then here's to her who long, &c.


And venerable by suff'ring, may'st thou And when a Tyrant rose,

reach To consummate their woe,

In heaven's appointed time thy last abode, The worst of human foes, To mortals here below;

The paradise of God, when every tear

Is wiped from every eye.
His fury fash'd and blaz'd,
Like lightning in the sky,

Till Britain proudly rais'd,
Fair Freedom's standard high.

Then here's to her who long, &c.

Society, Oswestry. Her war-blast, loud and long,

Air— The Evening Hymn, or Suffolk Tune. Woke those that slumbering lay, OH! bright and blessed be the bands And Europe's sons now throng

That link in love our sister hands ; To chase the fiend away;

True servants we of Him in Hear'n From warlike Russia's plaius,

To mark the “New Commandment giv'n.” To Biscay's foaming bay,

Be't ours the Olive-branch to strow, The Tyrant's pow'r now yields,

And quell the tares of want and woe,
And sinks in deep decay.

Affliction's brow with palm to twive,
Then here's to her who long

And round the cottage coil the vine.
Shall flourish great and free,
Britannia fam'd in song,

Our feet shall smooth the slope of age,
The Empress of the sea.

Our hands the pangs of pain assuage,
And er'n this life shall bloom with hours

Of blessed fruits, and balmy flow'rs.

So angel sisters from above
On the Twenty-fifth of October. Shall hail us to their home of Love,
ANOTHER year! a year of solitude, When Death our fading band untwines,

Of darkness, yet of peace has past, And Heav'n's eternal Sabbath shines,
and he

Oswestry, Nov. 3.
The father of his people, marks it not.
Alike to him all seasons, and their change-

His eyes are rayless, and his heart is cold,
He wields a barren sceptre-yet bis brow, AH, woe to thee, Greece! To thy land is
Of regal diadem displaced, still wears

gone forth,

[North: The crown of glory-his "the boary head With a sad lamentation, a Bard of the


Select Poetry.

449 And with him are returned to their foun. 'Tis said, that Swift, St. Patrick's Dean, tain of waters,

That old satiric sinner,
Castalia's exild and wandering daughters. When on his journey to the North,
And again in their grove may be heard the Here stopp'd, and took his dinner.

vibrations [the Nations ;". The sign by which the house was known, Of lyres, that once sung thee “the First of

Was called the Three Crosses ; But ah! mute is the chord that the sisters

But not, I trow, because mine host have strung,


Had met with many losses. When the pride of thy glory was wont to be

However, be that as it may, Oft with joy they recorded the trophies of

The present Landlord's thrifty ; war,

[afar; Once raised by thy sons o’er the kingdoms Though in the house he has not liva

Years counting up to fifty. But now, as the song to thy shame is descending,

[blending. It happen'd, on a busy day, Indignation and grief in the measures are

Mine Host was in the cellar,

When Swift began to rant and rave, « Ah woe to thee! Greece, where the laurel

And like a calf did bellow. is green,

[been; And its wreath is as fair as it ever hath " Why am I thus to sit alone, Yet biods not thy warriors' victorious brow, By Host and Hostess slighted ? Who hath slain, as of old, his barbarian If this is all respect you show, foe.

I'll have your house indicted. 6. Where the streams that meandered thy “ Dean Swift's my name; and, Madam, vallies along,

you And unceasingly flow'd in Athenian song, Should first wait on your betters ; Are now check'd in their course by barba- Before you serve the common folk, rian pride,

[in the tide. 'Tend well the Man of Letters. That hath thrown down the altars of gods

“And when a person of my rank “ Where moslems the garland of victory Graces the country round, twine,

[that were thine; In courtesy and humble mien On the trophies, despoil'd of the wreaths You always should abound. And have dy'd in thy sons' blood the red Go where I may, my cloth commands scymitar,

Respect the inost profound." In the plains where their forefathers van

But Swift soon found the angry Dame quish'd in war.

Was not to be so humble; “ It was sung: as the eagle exults in the For, in her rage, she told the Dean,

[expire; To quit, or cease to grumble. Of meridian suns till their beams shall

" Odds bodikins !!! mine Hostess adds, To the full blaze of glory the Greeks shall

“ The Dean has lost his reason ! ascend,

[end. To speak or look but at his Grace, And undazzl'd by greatuess endure to the

He'd make you think was treason !" “ But no: ye are fall’n! and remember no

The Landlord, who below had heard [soar!

A bustle and disorder, How high it was given your fathers to

Quickly ascended to the bar, And so deep have ye drunk of the waters

To put his Dame in order. of Lethe, That ye never can dash the cool'd chalice Swift's ready wit soon subject found, beneath ye.”


And taught the Dame a lesson,
She from his lips could not expect

A pray'r, or yet a blessing.

Says Swift, “ Upon your casement, there, On the Sign of the Four Crosses, at A Legacy I leave you : Willoughby, Northamptonshire *. 'Tis to your Wife I do allude;

Let not the subject grieve you; AT a Village on the Dunchurch Road,

Between two well-known towns, " For there you 'll find a ready plan, There lives a man-deny 't who can:

To reckon up your losses; With kindness who abounds.

Tbough, by my faith, in doing so

You'll sure increase your crosses." His house, and fare, and his fire-side,

Legacy. Are open to the weary

“Good Master Tapster, I observe
The rich, the poor, the destitute
He makes alike all cheery.

Three Crosses at your door:
Hang up your odd, ill-temper'd Wife,

And then you will have Four."
* See p. 403.

THOMAS DEACON. · Gent. Mag. November, 1819.




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Liberales, who were sent to the dungeons of The Moniteur of the 20th inst. an- Ceuta ; but those Spaniards who have nounces the following changes in the continued to write against his Government French Ministry :

are not to be suffered to return. EstreThe Baron Pasquier, to be Minister of madura is represented as perfectly free Foreign Affairs.

from freebooters since Melchior, as it is The Marquis de Latour Maubourg (Mi- said, has ded into Portugal; and Valencia, nister at the Court of London), to be Mi. Catalonia, and the whole North of Spain, nister at War.

are perfectly tranquil. M. Roy, to be Minister of the Finances; The Lancaslerian system of education

And Comte de Cazes, Minister of the is going on successfully at Madrid. Interior, to be President of the Ministry.

ITALY. The Marshal St. Cyr, General Desolles, It appears by accounts from Rome, and M. Louis quit their places.

that the Jesuits have set up a curious, but The Gazette de France gives the mea- very earnest claim to the inheritance of sure soine slight praise, which it intro.

the late King of Sardinia. They couduces by saying

tend, that, as he died a member of their “ Three Ministers have fallen; the fact order, they should inherit his property. is certaiu. They have fallen because, al. The Sardinian Minister at Roine is indigthough long agreed with M. de Cazes, as

nant at their audacity. to making war upon the Royalists, they The Papal Government lately totally persisted in going forward; while he, destroyed Souino, one of its own towns, frightened at his own scheme, appears to

which contained before this demolition have seen a necessity for stopping."

about 3000 inhabitants, on account of its A French jury has convicted two indi. being a receptacle for banditti. viduals concerned in circulating a trans

GERMANY. lation of Mr. Hobhouse's work, entitled, Foreign papers state that Prince Na. “ the History of the Hundred Days," of poleon, Duke of Reichstadt (son of Bo. thereby publishing an atrocious libel paparte), has been nominated by the Emagainst the French Government. M. Reg. peror Francis coadjutor to the Archbishop nault Warin the translator of it, was con- of Olmutz; and that he leaves Vienna for demned to 12 months' imprisonment, and

Olmutz, to reside with his uncle, the Car. a fine of 1000 francs ; M. Domerc, a dinal Rudolphus, where three priests of bookseller, aged only 19, was sentenced the order of Jesus will take charge of his to pay the same fine, and to be imprison. theological studies. ed for half the period.

A valuable present to the Duke of Wel. NETHERLANDS.

lington is coming from the King of Saxony, The Editor of The Journal General of in a magnificent dessert service of Dresthe Netherlands, who has been condemned den china, on which are painted the Duke's by the Tribunal at Brussels, at the in- victories, &c.; each plate cost forty dol. stance of the Spanish Minister there, to

lars. pay a fine of 500 forins, for having in.

RUSSIA. serted in his Journal the Proclamation of Russia is said to be making rapid strides the Insurgent Spanish Colonel Melchior, toward the establishment of a naval power. has determined to appeal from the sey- The vumber of her ships of war is contitence, as well as from the still more heavy Dually increasing. consequence of it, which is by the law a

TURKEY. prohibition from printing or publishing any A revolution has occured in the admi. work for the space of ihree years. The nistration of the Oltoman Porte. The Proclamation was copied from the Eng- Sultan held a grand levee of Ministers ; lish Papers,

and then announced, sans ceremonie, that SPAIN.

four of them were to be deposed, and a The King of Spain, since his marriage, fifth, the Grand Admiral, strangled! has granted a partial amnesty for offen

ASIA, ders against the laws; but there are too An earthquake, scarcely to be paralmany exceptions from it, to make it be leled in its awful nature and extent, has considered as a magnificent act.

occurred in a part of the world where siAccounts from Irun, however, say, that milar calamities have hitherto been ex. Ferdinand has at last determined to recall tremely rare. 'The whole district and ter. all the Civil and Military Functionaries ritory of Kutch, a country situate to the now in banishment, all voluntary exiles, N. W. of Bombay, including several towns and even all Members of the Cortes, called and villages, has been destroyed. The


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