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as we shall soon sec, he lived to for practice. The circuit in Wales apchange his opinion.
pearsto bave been the only engagement la April 1789, he was appointed which kept alive bis legal knowledge. Solicitor-general to the Queen, at a In 1800, he published “ The Esperiod, says our Editor, when other sence of Malone;" and in 1801 “ AnoCounsol of the same standing were ther Essence of Malone." Nothing forced to be content with far inferior bas appeared more pointed in sardistinctions. Mr. Hardinge was casm than these tracts, since Ed. favourite with the King and Queen, wardes's celebrated “ Caooos of Crias appears by the pleasant interview ticism;" but, as Mr. Hardinge seems recorded in Mr. Nichols's “ Illustra• to have apologized for such an attions,” and reprinted in this collec- tack op a very deserving and ingenition of Mr. Hardinge's Works. ous writer, they are not added to the
lo 1783, when Sir Thomas Rum- present collection of his Works. bold was attacked on account of his In 1800, Mr. Hardinge had made supposed malversations in India, he considerable progress in a series of found an able defender in Mr. Har. "letters to Mr. Walpole oo Chalterdinge; and when Mr. Hastings was ton and Rowley; and had some time brought to the Bar of the House of before written an Essay on the chaLords, he also advocated the cause of racler of Richard III. in a series of that gentleman, and in our opinion with remarks on Mr. Walpole's " Histogreat effect.
But his best Speech, ric Doubts:" but Mr. Nichols bas pot which is printed here at large (vol. 1.) been able to find more than a single was that he delivered in the House of Jeaf of either. Lords, as Counsel for the East lodia The relative affections were always Company, against that monstrous pro- strong in Mr. Hardinge. In 1807, on duction of Mr. Fox's East ladia Bill. the loss of his venerable inolher, he The success of these specimens of his commemorated her death iu several eloquence made him desirous of a elegant little poems, which were printseat in the House of Commons; and ed in a neat small volume, as a prein 1784 he was returned for Old Sa. sent to his friends. Having ao chilrum, for which he continued to sit dren, he had determined to adopt his until the first Imperial Parliament. nephew and godson, George Nicholas lo Parliament he spoke seldom, but Hardioge, of the Royal Navy, as his always with effect.
heir, aad accordingly took the prolo August 1787, he obtained the per steps for that purpose: but this respectable situation of Senior Jus. gallant young Officer was uofortutice of the Counties of Brecun, Gla. Dately killed in 1808, during an action morgan, and Radnor. Why he did with the French, in the East Iodies. pot rise higher is thus accounted for On this occasion Mr. H. compiled by his Biographer : " His independ. an affectionate memoir of that heroic ence in Parliament, which was a main youth, already printed in Mr. Nifeature of his character, impeded his chols's “ Illustrations of Literary professional career.” Generally, how- History." (vol. III.); but it was ever, he sided with his Majesty's tong before he recovered this shock. Ministers, and particularly, on the The remainder of his life was ocimportant Regeocy question. la cupied in various literary undertak1791, he published “A series of Let- ings; and in 1813, he became a cofers to Mr. Burke, in which are con- pious and truly-valuable contributor taited Inquiries into the constitú. to Mr. Nichols's “ Literary Anectional existence of an iinpeachment dotes," and “ Illustration's." Few against Mr. Hastings.” In these Let. men, indeed, were better qualified. ters (of which an epitome is given in His acquaintance with the eminent vol. 1.) Mr. Hardioge has enlivened scholars of his age was most exa very dry subject by his accustomed tensive, and his discrimivation of cha. vivacity of diction, and by a pro- racter most exact. fusion of historical and classical il. Of his last days and character, we lustration.
have the following account from Mr. la March 1794, he was appointed Nichols : Attorney-General to the Queen, his
“ In the latter end of March 1816, Mr. last professional rise; after which he Justice Hardinge set out on the business appears to have sought but very little of the Circuil. In some Letters previous
427 to his quitting home, he told his friends, nance expressive of the good qualities he that he was suffering from a heavy cold; possessed. His temper was admirable, which, to use his owo words, • had not se- and his perseverance in the cause of those parated his nose from the fire' but he he protected most extraordinary and exwas first taken seriously ill at Ross. emplary.
• The immediate cause of his decease There is a good portrait of him, when was an inflammation of the Pleura; and he was 30, by Mr. N. Dance; which, at it is probable that his personal exposure the time it was painted, was very like him; to the Easterly winds then prevalent was the and a faithful copy of it, from a drawing inducing cause of the unfortunate attack. made by John Jackson, esq. R. A. accomHe had also suffered much by a fall from panies this Memoir *. his horse (being partial to that exercise, “ When we consider that few live to the he often took long journeys on horseback, advanced age Mr. Hardinge attained withattended ovly by his valet), which was out sustaining a loss in some material supposed to have hastened his death. faculty, we shall more highly prize the
« On his journey to Cardiff, he in- rare gifts he enjoyed, both mentally and creased his cold in that degree that he bodily; for, excepting the wrinkles and could not act in his judicial capacity. grey hairs which boary time by its iron Yet he went on his Circuit, through Bre. grasp will leave on the strongest, his life con, to Presteigne; where, on his arrival, may be said to have been mental youth, he was attended by a physician: but the and his death a short ioterruption and pasdisorder had become a confirmed Pleurisy, sage to that blessed state of perfection and was at such a height that relief from which his goodness and philanthropy bleeding was ineffectual. It was tried ; sought after while on earth. but the fever was at this time very great, “ As a Christian, Mr. Hardinge, in all and he complained of it.
circumstances, and in every part of his “ He died at Presteigne, April 26, 1816, life, appears to have been a steady Bein the 720 year of his age; leaving be- liever; and, at times, pious and devout hind him the character of possessing, ra- in the extreme. ther than profiting by, great talents.
“ In the character of a Judge he was “ Prom his father, he enjoyed a very irreproachable; and his various Charges good hereditary estate; and with his wife, for many years, at the different assizes in who still survives him, he obtained a very Wales, are admirable. handsome dower. Either, or both, of these “ In that respectable function, one of circumstances, united with a strong love the latest acts of his life was the sifting to for independence, might have rendered the bottom the grounds upon which all him less anxious for advancement.
Judges before his time had charged Juries “Mr. Hardinge seems to have had some in cases of child-murder f. Some excel. forebodings of the melancholy event which lent Notes for a Charge were prepared by took him from his friends and the world. the benevolent Judge in April 1816, not
“ In one of his latest letters to Lady many days before his decease; but he did Knowles, he says, 'I despair of taking not live to deliver it I. leave of Davies, until the Undertaker is “ Mr. Hardinge's ideas on this subject waiting for me.' He had proposed to visit were fully confirmed by the unquestionat Kingsland the shrine of Dr. Davies. able concurrent opinions of several proHis remains passed through Kingsland, fessional gentlemen of first-rale eminence; to be interred with those of bis family at and that this important subject had long Kingston-upon-Thames.
before excited bis attention, will appear “A melancholy association with the from a letter addressed in 1805 to Dr. recollection of the intended visit to the Horsley, then Bishop of St. Asaphs. tomb of his last faroured hero of Taste “ Mr. Hardinge had brilliant talents, and Virtue is formed in the inind; and and a power of shewing them so as to afpainful moral feelings of regret arise, ford to his companions and correspondents which teach us more forcibly to remember the greatest gratification. that-man proposes, but God disposes. “The talent of society he possessed in
“ Mr. Hardinge was rather short of sta- an eminent degree ;, and the rank which ture, but very bandsome, with a counte. be held among the Wits of this day, and
* “ Bromley, in his Catalogue of Portraits,' mentions, an anonymous mezzotinto of George Hardinge, esq. a Welsh Judge."
+ “ All women who had been privately delivered of children were convicted of mure der, if the lungs of the infant floated in water, as several medical practitioners had given their opinion, that, if the child was born alive, the lungs would buat; if born dead, they would sink. Some valuable suggestions on this subject are inserted in Gent. Mag. vol. XLII. p. 462.”
# “ See this Charge in Mr. Hardinge's Works, vol. I. p. 176.”
the Illustrious personages by whom he was .« Those who were in habits of intimacy admitted into familiarity, sufficiently with him must have experienced the freevince how much, in conversation at least, quency with which he requested the loan he must have displayed the gentleman of books and sometimes the difficulty of and the scholar.
recoveriog them from what he called the " In conversation indeed he had few Chaos of his Library.' equals; as he had an astonishing flow and “ When in Parliament, he was often choice of words, and an animated deli- reminded that he had overloaded his very of them, such as few persons possess, franks. He delighted in pleasantries, and always “ His hand-writing also, in the latter afforded to his auditors an abundance of part of his life, was with much difficulty mirth and entertainment, as well as in. to be decyphered. formation.
But, whatever were his merits or his “ His passion for the Muses commenced defects, they were greatly overbalanced in infancy; and continued till the close of by his active benevolence. By ardent life.
zeal and perserverance in the service of “ The Correspondence of Mr. Hardinge those persons whom he thought worthy of was most extensive. His Letters were ex- protection, he was able to obtain immense traordinary, from their wit, fancy, and sums by subscription. Many are now gaiety. They seemed to be the produc. alive to bless his memory. The sums he lions of a youth of twenty, rather than a collected for such persons amounted to man upwards of sixty years of age. Of near 10,0001.; and he was not apparently his various compositions his Letters were in a situation to command success. No pre-eminent,
rebuffs checked him: no obstacles pre“ Among the friends whose correspond- vented his constant pursuit of his meritoence he justly esteemed were, Archbishop rious object. This activity of friendship, Moore; Lord Chancellors Thurlow, Lough- almost always successful, was the princiborough, Eldon, and Erskine; the first pal feature in his character. It was wholMarquis of Bute; the Dukes of Grafton, ly disinterested; it was noble; and ought Queensberry, and Richmond ; Earls Cam- ' to be held forth to general example." den, Effingham, Egremont, Harılwick, Ox. We shall take an early opportunity ford, Stanhope, and Warwick; Lord Bray- of giving an account of the various brooke, Lord Dacre ; Mr. Thomas Pitt
entertaining productions of Mr. Har(afterwards Lord Camelford); Countess
dinge's pen contained in these volumes. De Grey ; Bishops Bagot, Beadon, Cornwallis, Fisher, Horsley, Hurd, Madan,
[To be continued.] Mansell, Newcome, North, Porteus, Shipley, and Watson ; Sir Joseph Banks,
70. Memoirs of Her Most Excellent MaSir John Nicholl, Sir William Scott, Sir
jesty Sophia Charlotte, Queen of Great Willian Jones, and Sir William Ouseley ;
Britain, from authentic Documents. By Lady Knowles; Deans Ekins, Graves,
John Watkins, LL.D. 8vo. pp. 626. . Powis, Shipley, and Vincent; Dr. Glynne. THE practice of connecting the Clobery, Dr. Martin Madan, Dr. Wil. history of a particular period with a liam Wynne; Mr. Bryant, Mr. Cum. sigoal event, or an eminent characberland, Mr. Matthias, Mr. Perceval,
ter, is not novel, though it has reMr. Walpole, and Mr. Wilberforce.
cently grown more frequent, and has “ Notwithstanding his talents and ac
been exercised with a more progresquirements, he had a rare humility for an Author, being ready at all times to adopt
sive disregard to the restrictions witb
in which the earlier writers confined the suggestions of his friends, in preference to his own expressions. . Of this he
themselves. But on the present ocgave a striking proof, iu permitting me
casion the Author of the volume now to expunge some unpleasant reflections before us appears to have followed on a deceased Commeniator op Shakespeare, a judicious plan, by keeping the prinfor whom I had a great respect, and whom cipal character constantly in view, he had treated somewhat too cavalierly. and by relating the evenis in strict
« On the suggestion of a gentlemav on chronological order. whose judgment he had great reliance, he The house of Mechlenberg, may destroyed one of his early productions, on
vie in point of antiquity, and sucwhich he had bestowed much labour. “ Mr. Hardinge, like the generality of
cession of sovereignty, with the first mankind, was not without his failings. Men
monarchies of Europe, being enabled of genius are ofien negligent in concerns
to trace an uninterrupted course to they deem trivial. Anxious as he was
the Vandalian Kings, whose early that his own literary productions should be history is lost in the darkness of tra. preserved, his inattention to their preser
dition. vation is much to be lamented.
Il was from this antiept family that
429 our present revered and lamented Never, perhaps, was public impa. Sovereigo chose a partner for life ; tience carried bigher than at this peand the early days of the Princess riod. The people watched the wind Charlotte of Mechlenburg are thus every morning with as much anxiety described:
as if they were in eager expectation “ The plan of education was strictly of the arrival of a pear relative; and systematic, in an exact distribution of the it being generally supposed that the different branches of knowledge, and a Royal yacht would enter the Thames, scrupulous economy of time for the seve. the bustle on the River increased ral objects of study, work, and amuse- every day after it was known that ment. The progress of the young pupil she had taken her departure from reflected credit on the talents and dili. Strelitz. At three in the afternoon, gence of the teacher, who enjoyed the Monday, September the 16th, best reward in the growing excellence of the bride elect first set foot on Engthe character that was forming under her
lish ground, at Harwich, where she management. The memory of the Prin
was received by the Mayor and Alcess was not less retentive than her perception was acute. She was naturally of
dermen of the Corporation, amidst an an inquisitive turn of mind, which was
immense assemblage of persons of all properly directed by her enlightened sanks, who hailed her appearance with teacher into the means of quickening the loud acciamations. judgment and storing the memory.
Upon the Princess's arrival at St. ing, music, and dancing, had their re- James's, she was received by the spective teachers, and allotted portions of King, who raised her up and saluted time. But these requisite embellishments her just as she was about to drop of the female character in elevated life
on her knee to pay him obeisance. were not suffered to supersede the bril. liant, but more substantial qualifications, hand, and, leading her into the palace,
His Majesty then took her by the by which even rank is dignified, and beau
introduced her to the Princess Dowty becomes amiable."
ager of Wales and the several branches The project of the matrimonial of the Royal family, who were asalliance was declared by the King in sembled to welcome her arrival. Council on the eighth of July 1761, The nuptial ceremony was performed
occasion the King with great splendour in the evening thus delivered himself to the Pre- at the palace.—Such are the priocipal sident:
events recorded in the first four chapHaving nothing so much at heart as
ters. The fifth details the appearto procure the welfare and happiness of ance of the British Court, studies of my people, and to render the same stable the Queen, royal amusement, public and permanent to posterity, I have ever, discontent, arrival of the Queen's since my accession to the throne, turned brothers,birth of the Prince of Wales, my thoughts towards the choice of a Prin- addresses, installation at Windsor, cess for my consort; and I now with great visit to Eton college, preliminaries satisfaction acquaint you, that after the fullest information, and mature delibe.
of peace, poetical congratulations.
The birth of the Prince of Wales is ration, I am come to a resolution to de. mand in marriage the Princess Charlotte thus described : of Mechlenburg, a Princess distinguished “ At length, about two o'clock in the by eminent virtues and amiable endow- moruing of Tuesday, the twelfth of August, ments; whose illustrious line has constant. 1762, her Majesty, who was then at St. ly shown the firmest zeal for the Proies. James's, found herself unwell, and at tant Religion, and a particular attachment three, notice of it being sent to her Royal to my family. I have judged proper to Highness the Princess Dowager of Wales, communicate to you these my intentions, she arrived within an hour afterwards, and in order that you may be fully apprized at five orders were dispatched for all the of a matter so highly important to me and Ladies of the Bedchamber and the Great to my kingdoms, and which I persuade Officers of State to altend, but the Archmyself will be most acceptable to all my bishop of Canterbury alone was admitted loving subjects.”
into the bedchamber. So strict, indeed, was Previous to this declaration, mesa
the attention paid to delicacy on this occa
sion, that although Dr. Wm. Hunter was in sengers had been dispatched to ac
waiting, the necessary duties were performcompany the Princess to this country, ed by Mrs. Draper, and exactly at twentywhere she safely arrived, after a tem
four minutes past seven the heir to the pestuous passage of several days. British throne was brought into the world.
Information of the event being sent to his At half past nine on Tuesday the seMajesty, 'he rewarded the messenger with venth, a bulletin was forwarded to town in five hundred pounds. The joyful intelli- the customary manner; but the bearer gence was also sent off by expresses in all had not left the Palace more than three directions, and announced to the Metro- quarters of an hour, when ber Majesty polis by the Tower guys, those in the park became so much worse, that a second remaining necessarily silent. It was con- messenger was hastened to Carlton House sidered a remarkable coincident, that the to request the immediate attendance of day on which the Prince was born, was, the Prince and the Archbishop of Canteraccording to the old style, the same with bury.—The Prince Regent and the Duke that which placed his family on the throne of York reached the Palace a little after of these realms; and a circumstance oc- twelve o'clock, and immediately on their curred just after the delivery of her Ma. arrival, Sir Henry Halford announced to jesty which also tended to .add joy to the them and to their illustrious sisters the occasion. This was the entrance of the speedy termination of all their affectionlong train of waggons, laden with the trea. ate cares, which operated very powerfully sure taken on board the Hermione, a Spa. upon their feelings, though for several nish register ship, recently captured by weeks they had been fully prepared for two English frigates. The procession the catastrophe. Their Royal Highnesses passed under, the windows of the palace, then moved into the chamber of death, from whence the King and the Nobility, and surrounded the bed on which their who were assembled there, viewed the venerable parent lay reclined, soon after spectacle with pleasure, and cheerfully which she became conscious of their prejoined in the acclamations of the sailors sence, held out her hand to the Prince, and the multitude."
and while in the act of grasping him, and
smiling upon them all, exactly at twenty In the succeeding chapter the prin
minutes past one, without a sigh or a cipal events of the Queen's life are
struggle, she breathed her last; thus experelated in a lively and agreeable man. riencing, after the most arduous trials and ber.
perilous conflicts, at the end of her course, The first illoess of the Queen ap- A death-like sleep, pears to have manifested itself in Ja.
A gentle wafting to immortal life.” nuary, 1818; no alarming symptoms,
Upon the whole, we think that this however, were indicated till the 22d
volume displays considerable talent 'of April, when preparations were and industry. The Author has indeed making for a Drawing-room to be already distinguisbed himself in this held on the morrow, being St. George's useful and pleasing department of liDay. In the course of the night her
terature by his « Biographical DicMajesty was seized with spasmodic tionary,” and the “ Life of Sheridan;" affection, in consequence of which it the latter of wbich we purpose shortly was deemed ad visable that she should
to examine. forbear the fatigue attendant upon the ceremonies of a Drawing-room, 71. Evelyn's Memoirs, 8c. (Concluded.) and public notice was given to that
OUR Readers will smile at the effect. Throughout the remaiuder of following bill of fare for a contested this chapter the progress of ber Ma. jesty's disorder is feeling!y described, ing one expence with ano
County Election, now rarely less, tak
er, than and the last scene of all is thus men.
101. a vote at least. tioned :
“ My brother Evelyn was now chosen « On her Majesty manifesting an in- Knt. for the County of Surrey, carrying crease of perturbation, letters were dis- it against my Lord Longford, and Sir Adam patched to the Prince Regent, who, Brown of Betchworth Castle. The counaccompanied by the Duke of York, ar- try coming in to give him their suffrages, rived at the Palace about ten o'clock, were so many, that I believe they eate and and after a short interview with the phy- dranke him out pere 20001. by a most sicians, their Royal Highnesses with the abominable costome.” Princesses went ioto the sick chamber to see their august parent, who, however, dia Stock is another variation from
The following account of East lowas unconscious of their presence. From that hour till midnight ihe symptoms of modern times : her disorder developed themselves in such “ I sold my East India adventure of alarming succession, that the Regent de- 2501. principal for 7501. after I had been termined to spend the night at the palace, in that company twenty-five years, being which design he abandoned on finding that extraordinary advantages by the blessing an abatement of suffering had taken place. of God." p. 519.