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337 neglected, and left a prey to filth, which , 21. 158. keep it in the work-bouse, frequently breeds an incurable disease. and train some paupers to work it, . If we could view this poor apprentice as for general use when required. he really is, let us view him in a winter's,
One use, and the only one we know, morning, exposed to the surly blast or falling snow, trudging the streets half following, which is a fact :-A lady
in support of climbing boys, is the naked, his sores bleeding, his limbs con
had takeo lodgiogs at Bath, which tracted with cold, his inhuman master driving him
beyond his strength, while the proving inconvenient, she gave nopiteous tears of hunger and misery trickle tice to quit. The landlord insisted down his cheek, which indeed is the only upon her occupation, or payment for means he has to vent his grief: follow him
another quarter. She applied to an home, and there will be found misery un- attorney for redress. He told her,' masked: we shall see this poor boy in a that it was not worth her while to cellar, used as a soot warehouse on one subject berself to a lawsuit upon the side, and his lodging-room on the other. occasion; but that, if they insisted I would have said his bed-room, but he has seldom any other bed than his sack, upon further occupation of their or any other covering than his soot-cloth.” apartments, she would send them a
chimpeg-sweeper for a tebant; and It appears too that they are sub- he bid her add, that he would justify ject to a peculiar disease, called the ber right so to do. The experiment Sooty Wart, or, Chimney-sweeper's succeeded, and she heard no more of Cancer. p. 25.
the matter. As the machine bere recommended
We are sorry for the failure of the supersedes the practice, there can be Bill, and hope that it is but tempodo apology for enduring such horrid
rary. To us the objectionists seem brutality. It is a national disgrace, to act upon the exception, instead of for it is a wanlon and unnecessary, the rule: for, if instances occur'where sanction of murder. Let us recollect the machine is not efficient, why not that the subjects are infants, and that legislate a proper construction of the callous feelings of avarice and io. chimnies to render it so? dolence alone support the nefarious custom. At one remark, p. 17, note*, 55. An Eulogium on Sir Samuel Romilly, we are rather surprized : “Though climbing chimneys may not be
pronounced at the Royal Atheneum of an antient discovery, it is not so modernthat
Paris, on the 26th of December 1818, by we can trace its original; but from its na
M. Benjamin Constant. Edited by Sir ture it was probably the desperate expedient
T.C. Morgan. 8vo. pp. 78. Colburn, of a criminal, or the last resource of some In a Prefatory Introduction the poor negro to prolong a miserable life.”
Translator says, Beckman's Inventions is not a rare “ Having been present at the delivery book: but as it shows that the employe' of the following eulogium, and participatment of climbing-boys began with the ing in the enthusiastic approbation it exmodero construction of chimneys, we cited in a very, numerous audience, ina shall give tbe account:
cluding many of the most remarkable po" While chimneys, says the learned litical and literary personages of the Professor, were built in so simple a man
French capital, I conceived that I should ner, and of such width as they are in old render an acceptable service to the pub. houses, they were cleaned by a wisp of lick by committing a translation of it to straw, or a little brush, well fastened to a
the English press. The strong impres, rope ; but when they became varrower, or
sion which Sir Samuel Romilly has made several fues were united, boys became upon the British nation, by his virtues, necessary. The first chimney-sweepers in his talents, and the noble independence Germany came from Savoy, Piedmont, and of his political life, will long attach an the adjacent country. The Lotharingians interest to whatever is connected with also uodertook it. The first Germans who
his name or associated with his mecondescended to clean chimneys were ini- mory; and the well-known abilities of
Those of Paris are still Savoyards,” M. Benjamin Constant cannot fail of vol. II. 105, 106.
adding to the public curiosity, concerning In short, we cordially recommend
this most unprecedented testimony of re
pect for British worth, from a foreign naparishes to follow the laudable exam
tion, when it weither appealed to their ple of those of St. Andrew's, Holo immediate interests, nor dazzled by the born, and St. George the Martyr-i.e. splendour or the immensity of its influpurchase a machine, which is only ence. Forthose who are not acquainted with GENT. MAG, October, 1819,
party. T. C. M.”
Paris; it may be necessary to add, that' on my mind that success would now be the Athenæum is a philosophic institution mine: in which conviction circumstances supported by individual subscription, upon afterwards proved I was not to be disap-. a plan resembling that of the Royal and pointed. On the 27th of April and the the London Institutions, &c. in England, 15th of June 1816, this benevolent man and totally unconnected with any political pleaded the cause of the widow and the
fatherless, in a way that reflected equal
honour on himself, and the cause he had 56. A Plume for Sir Samuel Romily; or,
so warmly and disinterestedly espoused. --' The Offering of the Fatherless: an Elegy. God crowned bis efforts with the success By Miss Stockdale. 8vo. pp. 20.
they deserved ; and after an absence of
eleven months a very few days saw us 57. A Shroud for Sir Samuel Romilly : An Elegy. By Miss Stockdale. 8vo. of an order of the Court of Chancery.”
restored to our house, under the protection
The “ Plume" is a repetition, in PERHAPS the best account of
verse, of the same story. these two Poems will be the fair Author's relation of “ a simple fact,"
“ The · Flegy' was composed during
the short interval, between the death of much to the honour both of Sir Sa.
my illustrious and ever to be lamented muel's head and bis heart.
Friend, and the time fixed for his funeral.” “ For two years after the death of my
“ How short is the period, scarcely well-known, and lamented Father, my wi
three months, between celebrating the dowed Mother and myself sustained a de triumph of this great man in the meridian gree of unremitting persecution and oppres
of his glory, and dropping tears of un. sion, from men who should have been our
describable anguish over his premature protectors, that would have disgraced the annals of a nation of savages.-Turned out of doors, bowed down by grief and
58. A detailed Statement of the Case of care, with wasted spirits and almost ruined
His Royal Highness the Duke of Kent. health, I struggled under adversity;
8vo. pp. 104. Williams. watching over the wreck of a much-loved mother, till increasing persecution, from THIS publication, which details the my relentless foes, seemed to leave me Case of a Member of the Royal Falittle but despair. -Every avenue appear. mily, who has so long distinguished od closed against escape; every exer- himself by his countenance and suption only rendered me more and more
port of the various benevolent and hopeless; when, in a happy moment, charitable establishments of his Couasome guardian angel put it into my heart, try, will be perused with deep. ioto apply for advice to that friend of the
terest and regret. His Royal Highhaman race, Mr. William Wilberforce. I did so; and after hearing what I had to
Dess, haviog determined to part with say, he thus addressed me: Go to Sir his favourite villa * at Castle Hill + Samuel Romilly: stop not short of see- near Great Ealing, in order the sooner ing him yourself, tell your own tale ; cast to liquidate his pecuniary embarrass. yourself on his humanity, he is a father, ments, and resume bis permanent reand will feel for you.'—The advice I ask. sidence in his native country; bis ed, I followed. Trembling with weak- friends, who are fully informed that, ness, agitation, and fear, I approached “had bis just claims been attended to, Sir Samuel; but for some short space of he would not owe one shilling in the time, was so overpowered by my owo af
world,” bave judged it necessary, in flicting sensations, that I began to doubt the capability of making myself intellic justice to his character, to bring for
ward this statement, that the publick gible to him. The kind interest however with which be listened to me, afforded me may judge for themselões, “ whether so much encouragement, that in a few His Royal Highness's conduct merits minutes I sufficiently recovered to com
animadversion for extravagance, or plete the relation of my tale of woe :-but commendation for the fortitude and language would fail me were I to attempt patience with which be has struggled, to paint the astonishmeut and delight during a long series of years, against which filled my soul, when having ceased a succession of misfortunes, disapto speak, he thus replied: Send your pointments, and privations, such as Solioitor to me; tell him I will not see him professionally, but as your friend.'- * This elegant villa is admirably well Such was the blessed result of an appli. described in our vol. LXXXIX. i. p. 139. cation to two entire strangers. I returned + The property at Castle Hill has been to my unbappy mother with looks that. valued by Mr. Denew at 53,000l. ; and be at once gladdened her heart. I returned declares that the erection of a similar a new creature, with the fullest conviction establishment would now cost 100,000..
339 care pot frequently to be met with in and necessaries whilst on the passage to common life, and scarcely ever in the America, and in the West Indies, as was exalted station in which Providence proved per original certificate from his has placed him.”
agents, Messrs. Greenwood, Cox, and Co.
and from Francis Freeling, Esq. the seIn order to put our Readers in the possession of the principal facts cretary to the Post Office, formerly deli
vered to the Treasury. of the Case, we shall extract the substance of a Memorial addressed by brought up in early life with the Duke of
“ That your Memorialist, having been bis Royal Higbness to the Prince Re
Clarence, and in every way treated alike gent in January 1815, through Lord by his Majesty, expected that at the age Liverpool, upon bis general claim for of
of twenty-four years he should have obrelief; at the same time referring to tained the game allowance of 12,0001. a the work itself for another Memorial year from Parliament, which the Duke of (pp. 87–92), presented through Lord Clarence at that age had received; that
that allowance would have epabled him Sidmouth, upon the particular one of the heavy losses which he sustained
to have paid off all his debts incurred up
to that period, and prevented the unpleaas Governor of Gibraltar, from the
sant situation in which he is now placed new regulations adopted with regard by not having received that Parliamentary to fees upon the license of wine-houses,
allowance until 1799, when he was thirty-. and upon all wine drunk in the gar
two years of age. rison. To enter more miputely into the “That your Memorialist, being on the statement, even in an abridged form, foreign service of bis country from 1790 to would lead us into too great leogth. 1798, was prevented from urging his claim
in person to the Parliamentary allowance, “ I. That your Memorialist has been
until his return to England at the lastfor a long time past labouring uoder se.
mentioned period, after he had completed vere pecuniary difficulties, which have at
his thirty-first year. this time accumulated to a very large and
“ That your Memorialist has, in justice distressing amount, from causes which are
to his creditors, endeavoured to pay off in a great measure known to your Royal
those debts, by devotiog half bis income Highness uot to have been occasioned by
since 1807 to trustees for that purpose ; a life of extravagance, but to have been
but owing to the increased rate of every produced from a variety of disappoint
necessary of life, he is unable to continue ments, a succession of losses, and unfa.
that sacrifice for the discharge of his debts, vourable occurrences, scarcely to have
and at the same time to support himself been guarded against by human prudence.
in any degree as his rank requires, al“ That your Memorialist, although un
though the strictest economy is observed willing to intrude on your Royal Highness's in every department of his household. time with a detail of all the events which
" Your Memorialist therefore appeals have led to his present embarrassed situ.
to your Royal Highness's justice and libeation, yet deems it necessary to submit a
rality for relief from his difficulties, by ,few of the principal causes; and will be
being placed on an equal footing with the ready to afford any further information
Duke of Clarence ; first, in point of inthat may be required upon the most mi.
come from the age of twenty-four years nute inquiry into the merits of his case
(which was repeatedly promised by Mr. being instituted.
Pitt), and secondly, in point of that ase " That your Memorialist, from the year sistance which the Duke of Clarence has 1785 to 1790, bad scarcely what can be
at different times received from the Trea. termed any allowance from his Majesty
sury, to enable him to extricate himself for personal expenses; and consequeutly from his pecuniary difficulties, to the during that period incurred a consider.
amount of 34,000l. sterling, whilst your able debt, which, with interest from that
Memorialist never received more than time until 1806, when it was paid off, 50001. for the same object. bore very hard upon him.
" That your Memorialist, after the most " That in 1790, when first sent to Gib.
minute revision of every circumstance conraltar, he had no allowance for outfit, nor
nected with his present situation, and the any provision for his establishment, ex.
causes which have led to it, has the satis. cept the small sum from his Majesty's
faction to think that his conduct will bear . privy purse of 50001. a year, for his ex
the strictest scrutiny, and that his having penses; which he continued to receive une
pecuniary incumbrances will appear to til 1799, when it ceased, and he got the
have arisen wholly from the unforeseen Parliamentary allowance of 12,0001. ayear. losses he sustained whilst abroad on the “ That your Memoralist has incurred a
service of his country, and from his haydebt of 36,4501, for principal and interest
ing been deprived of that Parliamentary op successive losses sustained in baggage allowance and those other benefits which
the Duke of Clarence received, and to could ever have existed.
With respect to which your Memorialist cannot but feel the relief wbich/was afforded by the Prince himself, in strict justice, equally entitled. Regent's direction to his Royal Highness
“ That, in order to exhibit the hardship the Duke of Clarence, in the course of under which your Memorialist labours, last year, the Prince Regent was induced and to bring the situation of the Duke to grant that relief to the Duke of Claof Clarence into fair comparison with his, rence out of a fund which, under special a statement has been prepared, and is circumstances, was at the disposal of the herewith annexed, to shew that the Duke Crown at that time, in consequence of the of Clarence has, since he attained the age peculiar situation of his Royal Highness. of twenty-four years, received, in income As the Prince Regent's means must be and other advantages, to the amount of very limited, with respect to any relief of 238,0001. sterling beyond what your Me- this nature, he could not have conceived morialist has had, and for which great that this grant could have furnished any difference there does not appear any just ground for a claim being advanced by ground.
any otber member of the Royal Family. 4 Your Memorialist therefore, in con. Your Royal Highness having however cluding this statement, begs to express his rested your case in a great measure on firm reliance ou the wisdom, liberality, the advantages which the Duke of Cla. and justice of your Royal Highness; and rence has enjoyed io preference to your in that confidence now solicits your fa- Royal Highness, the Prince has directed vourable atteution to his just claims, to me to observe upon this bead, that the which alone he can look for that relief Duke of Clarence from his situation bas which will enable him effectually to over- been incapable of holding either regiment, conie his present difficulties.
government, or staff allowance, or in short, (Signed) “ EDWARD.” any annual income beyond the ParliaThe result of these several appli- employed in the Navy, except bis balf
mentary grant, since the period he was cations will be learaed from the fol.
pay; whereas your Royal Highness has lowing substance of a letter from the beeu in the enjoyment for many years of Earl of Liverpool :
a considerable part of the Military ad.
vantages above stated. The Prince Re. Fife House, Feb. 29, 1815. “I have received his Royal Highness
gent has already expressed his regret that
he has not the means at his disposal to the Prince Regent's commands to return
afford your Royal Highness the relief the following answer to your Letter and
which you solicit: the income of the Civil Memorial: “ The Prince Regent sincerely regrets ledged by Parliament to be unequal to
List has for some years been acknow. that it is not in his power to afford to. defray the necessary charges which beyour Royal Highness the relief which you solicit. The Prince Regent feels it im
long to it; and any application to Par
liament for such a purpose as the pay. possible for him to enter into the circum
ment of the debts of the younger branches stances which may have induced his Ma. jesty to settle the period at which the al- Regent believes, be wholly unprecedented,
of the Royal Family would, as the Prince lowance of the different members of the Royal Family should commence; bis Royal circumstances, be highly objectionable.
and would certainly, under the present Highuess does not recollect that he was
“ I am, &c. &c. LIVERPOOL.".. ever particularly apprised of them, and he can only therefore express his full
We are persuaded that the great suasion, that in the arrangements so made body of the publick will sincerely his Majesty was never actuated by any participate with his Royal Highness undue partiality. — The Prince Regent the Prince Regent in his regret, that must however observe, that the situation he has not the means at his disposal of the younger branches of the Royal Fa- to afford the relief which is solicited. mily was brought under the consideration of Government, and ultimately of Parlia. ment, by Lord Grenville in 1806; that an
59. An Historical and Critical Enquiry increase was then made by Parliament to
into the Interpretation of the Hebrew the yearly income of his Majesty's younger
Scriptures, with Remarks on Mt. Bella
my's New Translation. By John Wil. sons, with the exception of the Duke of
liam Whittaker, M. A. Fellow of St. York, of 60001. a year; and that if a con.
John's College, Cambridge. 8vo. Pp. sideration was ever to have been had of
331. any difference in their original situation, this was the period at which it might na
THE Syndics of the University turally have been brought forward; and the Press of Cambridge bave rendered arraugement which then took place must be an essential service to Literature and regarded as a conclusive bar against antę- to the Courch, in bringing forward, cedent claims, even if any such claims at their expense, this masterly work
A few very
341 of a profound and most able Scho- ** Notwithstanding the uncertainty in lar. We have not seen, for many years,
which the origin of the Keri Noles is inany production of the same, or even volved, we may readily arrive at two much larger extent, on the acqui- highly . probable conclusions respecting sition of which there was so much
them, from the survey already taken;
first, that the textual irregularities are reason to congratulate the learned
not all of the same date; and, secondly, world. · Independently of all coutro.
that the marginal - corrections were not versial matter, (which at the same
all made at the same time. time is hapdled in the most masterly obvious limitations to the possible date of and decisive manner) it ibrows so the Keri Notes are also suggested by the clear a light upon many important, circumstances under which we possess and some very obscure and recondite them. First, they must be attributed to topics, that it cannot possibly be re- a period, anterior to which an adequate garded with indifference by any com- cause of a corrupted text can be shewa peteot scholar. In the first place, it to have existed. Secondly, they must is occupied in vindicating the utility have been made at a time when the He. of the old Translations of the Bible :
brew was a dead language. Thiroly, the
whole or the greater part of them must and io showing, with what faithful.
have been produced prior to the Targum ness and care St. Jerome translated
of Onkelos and the Septuagint Version. from the origioal Hebrew; and what
Fourthly, they must have been published exemplary diligence he previously at a time when they can be atıributed to employed to qualify himself for the
some person or persons whose authority, task: It next presents us with a brief, character, and influence, could gain them but clear and masterly, view of the a general reception, both among Jews and Modern European Versions; and final. Christians. Lastly, the whole body of the Jy, more at leogth, as the case re
Notes must have been completely arquired, of the English Translations, ranged and digested before the dispersion concluding with the authorized Ver
of the Jewish nation was so general as to sion completed under James I. The
preclude the possibility of their universal
circulation and credit. P. 141. Authorshews, at large, thatthe TransJators employed by James were men The second Section of this Chapter most highly qualified to translate discusses, in a manner equally instruefrom the original Hebrew; and that tive," the uses and importance of the the Translation was so made with Hebrew Accepts.” To this very obthe greatest diligence and care. These scure and rarely-handled subject, the subjects occupy the whole of the first writer who can bring so much elucidachapter, wbich is subdivided into four tion, as is here presented by Mr. Whitsections. The facts were well known taker must decidedly be regarded as before to the learned; but it had be- a scholar of no common ability and coine necessary to re-assert them, research.
That he really possesses that the publick might not be duped. that knowledge of the subject, which
The second chapter of this pro- is only pretended to by the new Transfoundly-learned work is employed in lator, will be evident at once to every “ a Critical Inquiry into the Interpre- intelligent reader. On the power of the tation of the Hebrew Scriptures.”- conversive Vau, he is equally lumiNothing so recondite, and yet so lu- nous in the third section, and in the minous, as this chapter, has for many fourth, he treats, with cqual clearyears been published, in this branch pess of the prelerite and future tenses of literature. The first section treats in Hebrew, and their reciprocal use. “ on the Antiquity of the Keri Noles All these sections will be found most [io the Hebrew Bibles], their autho usefully illustrative of Hebrew learnrity and utility." These notes are, ing; independently of any controverin fact, the antient Various Readings sial applicalion which is made of of the Bible. How they originated, them. That application, however, is and in what manner they may best be by no means to be overlooked ; since employed, are questions of nice and it is employed, in every instance, to curious research: por can we ima. demonstrate that the new Pretender gine that it is possible for them to to superior Hebrew knowledge is as be handled in a more judicious man. uofit to correct his predecessors, as ner, than they are by Mr. Whittaker. he is regardless of decency in speakThe conclusions drawn from his very ing of them. able investigation are tbus expressed i The tbird Chapter brings us at