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be consigoed to the house of correc- Here I beg to draw your readers' tion, and food of every kind be re- altention to a pamphlet which has fused, until he had performed every been already noticed in your pages day one-third more labour than that (i. 537. ii. 39), “ Hints towards an atdone by workmen in a state of lie tempt to relieve the Poor-Rate.” berty. The produce of these earn- The leading object of it is to reings I would devote to the family commend probibition of Parochial of such pauper (if he had any); if poi, Relief to all persons, who marry beto the Overseer of his Parish, for low the age of thirty, except under charitable distribution among those very urgent necessity, and that from poor wbo did not receive aid. At the age of thirty to fifty none shall present the earnings of all Prisoners have an allowance exceeding 5s. per go to the County stock, after deduc- week (p. 5.) tion of a certain part by way of fee Now, says Dr. Johnson, “All poto the Prison-keepers; and what with sitions are great, in proportion as the lenity of the Magistracy, in re- they are not limited by exceptions." spect to ihe quantum of labour, and the poor marry, not because they the humanity, sometimes false phi- are disposed to settle in such a state, lanthropy, of the whole system, im- but because the Bastardy Laws leave prisonment loses its corrective power, no altervative between matrimony and becomes a mere change of resi- or imprisonment, or emigration. For depce. I would add to this a power my own part, I believe that the in the Overseers to demand, upon Poor-rate system ilself is in priociple oath, a statement of the manner in and operation so bad, as jointly tendwhich every pauper applying for ing to corrode the morals of the poor, relief had disposed of his earnings and property of the rich, that I confor some time past; and would in- ceive any emendations to be merely stitute a Board of Commissiovers, props of a house, of which the founconsisting of Independent Gentlemen, dation is unsound. In fact, I think like those of the Assessed Taxes, who that a fuod ought to be raised for the should direct the masters of work poor, but that relief from that fund men, with families, to set apart weekly ought not to be matter of course, as a certain sum, where the wages of such it now is, except with relation to inworkmen exceeded a given amount: fapts, invalids, deserted females, and The sums so accumulated to be de- persons under extravrdinary circumvoted to the use of the workmen slances; at all events, that hard work under certain emergencies. This is a

should be the sole condition upon method which I know to have been which relief in this compulsory form successfully practised upon the estab. should ever be obtained under other Jishment of infant manufactories; and, circumstances. I mean to say, that if it be true, that iu the iron trade, a person claiming parochial relief, men have been knowo to earn 31. a should not be able to obtain it, if in week, and boys 188. I really cannot good health, unless be performed as see any infringement of English Li- much work, as can be done in the berty, in acting paternally towards day, by the job, not by the time; for those, who, certainly in money mat- fear of work is the only preventive ters, bebave' inuch like children. I of application. have heard that Mr. Whitbread, fa

One observation more. In no Pa. ther of the late eminent Parliament- rish in this Kivgdom is there a suffi. ary character, used to inquire of each cient number of sempstresses. Every of his dependants, how much he had family knows the utility and scarcity saved at the end of the year; and add of such persons. Mistresses of fami a contribution, upon the principle of lies have not time to atteod to the the parable of the Talents, according affairs of such wasting extravagant to the respective savings.

persons, as Shirts, and Stockings, and Entertaining, as I do, a decided Childrens' Froc

Every village of opinion, that any thing short of an one thousand souls could employ at eligible system of colonization will least tweoly sémpstresses ; and ten only prove a palliative, oever a core botching taylors. i throw out this hint of the evil of excessive population, to Overseers, under the hopes that I have confived myself to simple ex- cripples and sickly paupers may be periments, which have been success- instructed in these employs. fully treated.

Yours, &c.

S. E.


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non & Etched by J.C.Buckler.





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1819. ] Abbey-House, Sherborne. - Signs of Inns, &c.

209 Mr. URBAN,

Ang. 3. Deeds big with rúin to some wretched IN addition to other artient build the of ,

Or love-sick poets sonnet, sad and co. Dorset, which you have occasions


Wailing the rigour of some lady fair ; ally given in your Magazine *, I send

Or if the drudge of house-maid's daily you a view of a building, now known by the name of the ABBEY HOUSE: Cobwebs and dust thy pinions white


[besoil, from the accurate pencil of Mr.J. C.

Departed goose, I neither know nor Buckler (see Plate II.) Il bears the tradition of having been the kitchen of But this I know, that thou wert very the Monastery ; but neither this, nor


[wine.” the story of the buildings here repre- Season'd with sage and onions, and port sented having been erected sioce the Reformation out of the ruins of the

In the famous Oxford song of the

“ All Souls Mallard,” the preservaAbbey, inerit notice. Doubtless they are portions of the Monastic edifices, tion of the Roman capitol by the from their situation on the North side sacred geese is thus alluded to: of the cloister, and the handsome ar- “ The Romans once admir'd a gander, chitecture of which they are composed. More than they did their chief comThe buildings shown in the annexed

mander, engraving, though irregular, consist Because he sav'd, if some don't fool us, of a centre and two wings, of which

The place that's call'd from the head of the must Western is the largest and

Tolus.". grandest, having a beautiful door, un.

Churchill notices der a large wiudow; adjoining which, and projecting from one angle of the September, when by custom (right di

vine) wiog, is a long octagonal tower, ter

Geese are ordain'd to bleed at Michael's minating with a coroice and grotesque

shrine, figures at all theangles. The centre has two tiers of square windows, and the

And Dr. Pegge, in his “ Anonymicorresponding wing is unornamented. ana," tells us, Some fragments of antient sculpture "The custom is general to have a goose have been fixed in the walls of the on Michaelmas day; and see a trace of building, representing, among others, this as early as 10 Edward IV. (Blount's a ram, a boly lamb, an owl flying, Tenures).” p. 8. and a figure sitting as writing, with Brand, in bis “ Observations on a bird flying to its ear.

Popular Antiquities,” says, Yours, &c.

J. K. M.

Goose' intentos, is a term used in

Lancashire, where the husbandmen REMARKS ON TAE SIGNS OF INNS, &c.

claim it as a due to have a goose intentos (Continued from p. 111.)

on the 16th Sunday after Pentecost; TheGoose AND GRIDIRON. This

which custom originated from the last

word of this old church prayer of that sign, like “ The Cat and Fiddle" be.

day, fore mentioned, is noticed by comic writers. Foote, in his “ Taste,"

'Tua, n'os quæsumus, domine, gratia speaks of the well-knowy house, “The semper præveniat et sequatur, ac bonis Goose and Gridiron in Paul's Church. operibus jugiter præstet esse intentos.'

The 'common people very humourously yard.”

mistake it for a goose with ten toes.Sonnet to a Goose, by. Southey. • If thou didst feed on Western plains under the jurisdiction of the Bishop

The public stews were anliently

[feet, Or waddle wide with fat and flabby

of Winchesier ; and a particular sympOver some Cambrian mountain's plashy tom of the Lues Venerea, was called moor,


a Winchester goose. This explains Or find in farmer's yard a safe re- the meaning of the concluding speech From gypsy thieves, and foxes sly of Pandarus, in Shakspeare's “ Troi. and fleet;

Tus and Cressida :". If thy grey quills, by lawyer guided, trace

6 Brethren and sisters, of the hold-door trade,

[here be made : * See vol. LXXXVIII, i. 201. i . 497.

Some two months hence, my will sball GENT. MAG, September, 1819.


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of yore;




It should be now, but that my fear is

The Lord Brook figured a green this

[hiss." chaplet or crown of laurel, with this Some galled goose of Winchester would pentameler circumscribed, QUI NON

Dr. Leigh, Master of Baliol College, EST HODIE, CRAS MINUS APTUS ERIT. Oxford, when Vice Chancellor in -He who is not fit (able or disposed) 1740, was interrupted in an oration to-day, will be less so to morrow. by some under-graduates who began Lord Fairfax figured a sword, rend. to hiss, on which he coolly turoed ing a triple crown, with a crown imround, and saying, “ laudatur ab perial on the point of it, and this mothis,” proceeded with his speech. to, in Spanish, vivA EL REY: Y MU

The cause of this expression of dis- ERA EL MAL GOVIERNO—wishing (as approbation is conjectured, by an it should seem) no hurt to the King, antiquarian collector of Oxford Fa.

but to his government. cetiæ in your Magazine for 1805, to

The Lord Grey of Groby repre. have arisen from his reply to the Uo- sented the Parliament-house guarded der-graduates who did not at that with many swords in hand, and the time wear tufts upon their caps, and molto, PER BELLUM on applying to him for permission, be Thro'wurfure to peace. said “ Make yourselves easy, gentle

The Lord Willoughby of Parham men; you will all wear them by de- seemed not to aim at the King, but grees.

his Counsellors, when for his device Dean Swift said of Archbishop Te- he depainted the sun enveloped with dison, " that he was hot and heavy clouds, and the motto, NON SOLEM, like a tailor's goose."

SED NUBILOS- Not the sun, but the

clouds. “ Billy Snip went to skate, when the ice being loose,

The Lord Hastings, afterwards Earl He fell in, but was sav'd by good luck; of Huntingdon, figured a flame of fire, Cried the tailor, 'l'll never more leave with QUASI IGNIS CONFLATORIS— As my hot goose,

the fire of the founder. To receive in return a cold duck.'" Sir Thomas Fairfax (succeeding

Geese are very long-lived. Wil- Captain-general) bore plain colouis loughby gives an example of one lhat for his own troop. attained the age of 30 years.

Oliver Cromweli also bore plain The antient horse-racing sport, call. colours for his own troop: at first ed The Wild.goose chase, has been no

without any device, but, in the course ticed under the sign of “The Goat (p.

of his success, he afterwards assumed 15);” and the Gridiron, used as the io

- alluding to strument of martyrdom to St. Law- his christian name, and holding forth reace, and forming the privcipal de- a show of pacific intentions. vice in the palace of the Escurial, is Major-general Sir William Balfour mentioned under “ The Blossoms inn represented the King on horseback, (vol. LXXXVIII. i. 308.”).

with a crown op his head and a scep(To be continued.)

ter in his hand, and many armed men

(which it is likely he intended for those CURIOUS COATS OF ARMS, CRESTS, of his own troop) kneeling and laying MOTTOS, AND CURONET DEVICES. down their arms at his Majesty's horse's (Continued from p. 129.)

feet, the motto, PACEM TE POSCIMUS

OMNES—We all demand peace from TAI THE Earl of Essex, Captain-gene- you. One of the first causes of Sir

ral of the Parliamentary forces, William Balfour's dissatisfaction was bore in his coronet the motto of his an attempt made by the Queen's own arms without figure, VIRTUTIS chaplain to convert his wife to the COMES INVIDIA--Envy is the compa- Romish religion, of which the fold nion of worth. Envy doth merit as its lowing account was given by Mr. shade pursue, &c.

Garrard, master of the Cbarter-house, The Earl of Manchester bore this to the Earl of Stafford, in a letter only motto, witbout figure, TRUTH dated May 101h, 1638 :~" The Lieu

tenant of the Tower, Sir Wm. Bal. The Earl of Stamford had no figure four, beat a Priest lately for seeking in bis coronet, which was inscribed to convert his wife. He had a suga thus, POR RELIGION, KING, AND COUN- picion that she resorted a little too

much to Denmark-house, and slaid








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