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they may lose, and be made another only a particular view of them, withthing, by being acted; so we beg leave out entering on general criticism : as. to add, that io certain persons, and he does not go into discrimination of in certain cases, a good Actor, by a virtues and faults, which is the proproper tone of voice, by the right use vince of Criticism (we perhaps have of accent, of pauses, by his natural our eye somewhat on what Voltaire movements in advancing or retiring, says in his Letter to Lord Boliage in short, in the lawful use of what broke, in an Essay on Tragedy), it is properly belongs to his office, may not our business to pursue the suboften illustrate, and be a sort of rub- ject farther, nor to inquire how far ning commeat to a play: but we are Dr. Fuller, with all his excellences, not speaking of the part of a mere was defective as an Historian, or exSpouter. It has been said of the late cessive as a Wit. Mrs. Cibber, that she could be scarcely These, and other matters, it is not called an actress. She expressed a our present business to enter on. We few passions in their natural tone; but shall therefore only add, that, as we these were her own constitutional have read Mr. Lamb's Works with passions ; and these she as happily considerable pleasure ourselves, so expressed, as they were happily de- we think them calculated, considered lineated by the Puet.

either morallyor critically, to give pleaGarrick, on the other haod, is said sure and instruction to other readers. to have been a mere actor, a man of

Errata in our last. For political, read great talents of their kind, a great poetical; for paternal, read fraternal. actor, but all art. What Mr. Lamb says of the great Roscius of his day 14. Narrative of a Journey into Persia would have been thought, perhaps, in the suite of the Imperial Russian by his admirers, severe; but, by every Embassy, in the year 1817. By Mothing we have beeo able to learo, it ritz Von Kotzebue, Captain on the is strictly just. When Garrick en- Staff of the Russian Army, &c. &c. tered on the management of the Translated from the German, 8vo. Theatre (though we are not alluding

Illustrated by Plates. Longman and Dow to the sud, disugreeable things

Co. which might be said of him in his This interesting Volume is the character of Manager), he set off with, only account which has hitherto ap“ Tis yours this night to bid the reign peared in England respecting the em

bassy of General Jermoloff to the Of rescued Nature, and reviving sense ; court of Persia. It has a twofold To chace the charms of sound, the pomp claim to attention, arising from the of show,

palure of its subject, and the peculiar For useful mirth and salutary woe ; circuinstances of its author. In all Bid scenic virtue form the rising age, the states of Europe, and especially And truth diffuse her radiance from the

in Great Britain, the political relastage."

tions of Russia with her Asiatic Prologue spoken by Mr. Garrick on the commencement of his Manage peighbour are regarded as tending

to results materially affecting that ment.

balance of power, the equilibrium of Yet (as it is well expressed by a which now requires to be maintained most ingenious writer of those times, with no less solicitude in the Eastern who knew Garrick well, together than in the Western Hemnisphere. On with the tricks of newspaper puffs, the oature and present state of those and all the machinery of the thea. relations a inultitude of conjectures trical world)-“Yet,” says he, what are entertaioed, and they are rendered your success bas been in the contest the inore problematical by the scaoty is too well known to need a detail; and confused information which travi. you conquered, as all heroes have spires respecting them, from the done, by great and useful talents; but, countries themselves. A despotism, like almost all heroes, you are sink. bowever leniently administered, must ing into the vices of the vanquished.” be more or less inimical to public -Letter to David Gurrick, Esq. discussion, the only effective meaus

It will be observed, that Mr. Lamb, by which the truth, or any matter of in his remarks on the writers more public interest, can be elicited. Perparticularly referced to above, takes sia bas oo oational literature; and

commence

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Review of New Publications,

141 with respect to Russia, it should ap- which the Prince had to surmount in pear that the epoch is not yet arrived accomplishing his views. Nothing less when the inhabitants of that vast em- than the appearance of so enlightened pire can possess themselves of the ad. a Prince, I may say, such a phenomenon

amidst the Persian people, could have vantages of a representative government and a free press. It is only by His principal attention has been direct

produced such a reform in the army., Imperial sufferance, we may presume, ed to the organization of the infantry that a work, referring even in a remote degree to any measures insti- forded a proof of his acuteness, as the

and cavalry; and in this he has also asa tuted by the Cabivet of St. Peters. Persian horse is already sufficiently good, burg, can be published by a subject altliough it cannot be compared with of the Czar. Viewed in this light, regular cavalry. But the Persian cathe Narrative of Capt. Kotzebue is a valry is an object of national pride, and curious novelty. He was born and edu. on that ground alone the Prince could cated in Russia ; yet has not scrupled not interfere with its actual condition. to give to the world a minute detail of He is powerfully supported in the atthe progress of the mission to which tainment of his views by the King, who be was attached, as well as of its re- has appointed him heir to his throne, ception at the court of Persia. It is on account of bis judgment and the true that on affairs of state he prac

mildness of his character; but still tises a reserve which is perfectly di

more, because his mother was of the plomatic; but at the same tinie he family of Kadjur, from which the Shah

himself has issued. The eldest brother, makes, perhaps unconsciously, some

who governs several of the Southern, important disclosures, and his very provinces of the kingdom, is not much silence on certain subjects is signifi- pleased with this selection. He is a cantly eloquent.

coarse and cruel man, who delights in Topographical illustrations of the witnessing the barbarous punishments country, interspersed with anecdotes of putting out eyes, tearing out hearts, characteristic of its inhabitants, oc- &c. He has succeeded in undermining cupy the principal portion of the his brother's reputation among the work, and it is only incidentally that principal families of Persia, whose sons subjects of a political matter are all run into his service ; and he has artwuched upon.

Many of these die fully led them to consider ibe introduce gressions, however, have a deeper in

tion of a regular system of discipline, ierest than the narrative itself; they into the army, not only as a ridiculous,

but a culpable innovation, inasmuch are important, not only from the in. formation which they convey,

as it entails an intercourse with Eurobut

peans, which is not strictly compatible from the inferences which they sug.

with the religion of the Persians. He gest; and they afford abundant mal

tells them that his brother's measures ter for speculation on the present and are injurious to the national honour, future state of Persia. The follow- that his foreign predilections may pering passage, for instance, relating to haps induce him to adopt the customs, a personage

who may be denominated the dress, and even the religion of Euthe elective beir-apparent to the rope ; and by such idle tales as these, Throne, claims the most serious at. this man courts the favour of many Pertention, particularly when we consi. sians, who find an indolent life in his der the quarter from whence it pro

service more consonant to their inclina. ceeds, and the sanction under which tions, than it would be to go through it is promulgated.

the daily military exercises, and sub

mit to the discipline of Abbas-Mirza." '"1 'should take this opportunity of From this and other passages of a stating, that the introduction of regular similar kind, it is manifest that the discipline into the Persian army, and the work, though not avowedly political, formation of its artillery, within these

contaios statements highly deserving few years, are entirely due to Abbas.

the attention of those who view with Mirza; and it must be allowed that he has, for so short a period, with the as

anxious vigilance the intercourse of

Ru with Persia ia sistance indeed of able English officers,

nce to the achieved a great deal. Only those who future fate of our lodian possessions. are thoroughly acquainted with the per- As a book of Travels, also, it continacious obstinacy of the Persians, and tains a variety of amusing informatheir dread of every innovation, can tion, and claims to be considered as form any conception of the obstacles the most recent accouot of the coun

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try to which it relates. It includes very fond of him, and he learns to obey many court-anecdotes equally novel him in the gentlest manner. When used and singular. We select one relating for travelling, the keeper seats himself on to a mode of raising supplies for the

his peck, and by means of an iron rod, or

even of a word, directs his motions. Some. Royal Treasury, which few would

times a large tent is placed on his back, suppose to be among the ways and

fastened with a broad band, which goes means of his Persian Majesty.

round his body: in this travellers sit. At “ The last days of our stay at Sultanie other times it is used to carry burdens. were spent in reciprocal visits among the It can support three or four thousand ministers, who all assured the Ambassa- pounds weight. It can easily travel fifty dor that the King, as well as they them- or sixty miles a day, though so unwieldy ; selves, had been so much captivated by and more, if urged, upon occasions. his Excellency, that they were truly “ It is the long tusks of the elepbant grieved to part from him. The Prime which are our ivory : which are therefore Minister is even said to have found a tear of great value, and for which they are freto guarantee the expression of his sorrow, quently hunted.” notwithstanding that, according to report, The River Jordan. This river rises the expensive honour of maintaining the in the mountain of Lebanon, and runs on Russian Embassy, during the whole of the Eastern part of Judea, through the its stay at Sultanie, had been committed Lake of Tiberias, or Sea of Galilee, till it by the King to his charge. But he is issues and is lost in the Dead Sea. Its said to be the most opulent of the mi- course is about a hundred miles ; it is nisters.

small in winter, and wben the summer “ When the King observes any of his melts the mountain snows it rises and oversubjects becoming too rich, in opposition flows its banks. This river is famous in to his Royal will and pleasure, he has Scripture history. Its waters stood up in. recourse to a very amiable expedient, in a heap, leaving the channel dry for the order to reduce the offender to poverty children of Israel to pass over into Canaan, and beggary. It consists in sending him under the conduct of Joshua. In after daily a dish from his kitchen ; an honour, ages it was the scene of John the Baptist's in return for which the High Treasurer preaching, and often of our Lord's a hode. would not be satisfied with a less fee than The wild Arabs infest the shores so much one thousand ducats. Should this pro- in modern times, that travelling thither is ceeding be continued several weeks, it is very dangerous. Those pilgrims whó vje natural that it must entail poverty upon sit Jerusalem year by year, sometimes the wealthiest individual. But if the King 2000 together, are escorted to the Jordan; be decidedly bent upon the absolute ruin where many bathe, who thereby obtain at of the person, he fixes ou a day on which least something to talk of when they rehe dines with him ; an honourable dis- turn home.tinction, which reduces absolutely to beg

Similar Scenes in Africa and Amegary the person on whom it is bestowed.”

rica, we are told, are in preparation. 15. Scenes in Asia, for the Amusement and Instruction of little tarry at-home

16. True Stories, from Antient History : Travellers. By the Rev. Isaac Taylor,

chronologically arranged. From the CreaAuthor of Scenes in Europe.” 12mo.

tion of the World to the Death of Charlemagne.

By the Author of Always Pp. 219. Harris and Son.

Happy," 8c. In 3 vols. 12mo. pp. 187; In the First Part of our last year's 224; 224. Harris and Son. Volume, p. 334, Mr. Taylor's “Scenes

THIS Work, as the Author mo. in Europe" were duly noticed. To that Work are now added LXXXIV destly obseryes, is written rather lo

raise curiosity, than to satisfy it; a “ Scenes in Asia,” neatly engraved,

mere initiatory trifle for very young and well described, as a suitable ac

readers.” companiment. We select some short extracts:

“ Many years ago I made a memo.

randum to write a Sketch of Progressive “ Travelling on an Elephant.-If the History for my children, as soov as they elephant were ferocious in proportion 10 were of an age to relish such reading. its bulk and amazing strength, it would “ That period is arrived, and I have devastate any country : but though they cheerfully commenced the undertakiog ; naturally live in herds, wild in the woods, it does not prove so easy as I anticipated. yet when they are caught and properly Antient History is entangled with fable, trained, they are very docile and useful. and Modern History is too abounding in

“When first caught, a man who is to events to admit so clear and simple a narbe bis keeper comes to relieve and feed rative as I had projected ; some incidents him ; this makes the grateful creature are too doubtful; some indelicate; some

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1819.]
Review of New Publications.

143 unintelligible; the most amusing are too their long and weary journey over often tainted with one or other of these de- the rough and romantic roads of fects.

“ Rydal heights and Dunmail-raise, “ Yet it was imperative that my work

And all their fellow banks and braes.”. should be amusing, or children would not read it ; that it should be accurate, or In the midst of a tremendous midchildren would not profit by it. I have night storm, Benjamin has an opporendeavoured to meet this necessity, and to tunity of evincing his humanity to produce a composition as entertaining a female in distress, the wife of a and as true as possible.

lame' sailor, who is travelling with a “ The few remarks in the margin are

model of Lord Nelson's ship the for the information of parents and instructors, that they might readily disco Vanguard. The Sailor and the Wagver the sources whence I derive the opi- gover jog on most cordially till alnions and the facts I have collected. The

tracted by the sound of " a village chronology observed is ihat of Usher, as Merry-night,” “ a term well known given by Dr. Tytler in his very useful

in the North of England, as applied publication, 'The Elements of General to rural festivals, where young perHistory.'”

sops meet in the evening for the purThe “ True Stories,” in the first pose of dancing. Here they join the Volume, XXV in number,

jovial crew; and are lempted to waste mence with “ the Creation of the

two hours. World," and are continued in chro

The Sailor's narrative of the Battle nological order to “the retreat of of the Nile is excellent; and the conthe Ten Thousand Greeks, in the viviality of the little party at the Ina year before Christ 401,” one of the is well described. most interesting portions of Antient

In the middle of the Poem, the ferHistory

tile Muse of Mr. Wordsworth is jg

duced, by the surrounding scenery, “ Xenophon has written a charming account of this wonderful retreat, in which

“To quit the slow-paced Waggon's side, he himself acted so noble and conspicuous

And wander down yon hawthorn dell, a part; many men have gained high With murmuring Greta for her guide. faine, by victories and battles, but the

-There doth she ken the awful form brave and skilful manner in which this

Of Raven-crag-black as a stormdefeated army was led home in safety,

Glimmering through the twilight pale; confers more honour on its conductors

And Gimmer-crag, his tall iwin-brother, than ever conquest bestowed.”

Each peering forth to meet the other :

And, rambling on through St. Johu's Vale, The Second Volume continues the

Along the smooth unpathway'd plain, series of "Stories,” to the year

before

By sheep track or through cottage lane, Christ, 42; and the Third, to the Where no disturbance comes to intrude death of Charlemagne iu 814.

Upon the peosive solitude, Three more Volumes, we under- Her unsuspecting eye, perchance, stand, are intended to be published, in With the rude Shepherd's favour'd glance, the autumn of the present year, froin

Beholds the Fairies in array, Modern History.

Whose party-colour'd garments gay

The silent company betray; 17. The Waggoner, a Poem. To which

Red, green, and blue; a moment's sight! are added, Sonnels. By William Words

l'or Skiddaw-top with rosy light worth. Svo. pp. 68. Longman and Co.

Is touch'd-and all the band take flight."" MR. WORDSWORTH's produc

We would gladly accompany the tions canoot possibly be charged with

Muse's flight, to “the ridge of Nathprecipitancy; the present Poem having dale Fell," and "the ruined towers of been writteu so far back as the year

Threlkeld Hall;" but we must pro. 1806; and, notwithstanding " the ceed, with the honest Waggoner, higher tone of imagination, and the up Castrigg's vaked steep deeper touches of passion, aimed at (Where smoothly urged the vapours sweep ia Peler Bell,we cannot but think Along-and scatter and divide “ The Waggoner" is, to say no more

Like fleecy clouds self-multiplied) of it, not less meritorious than the The stately Waggon is ascending former Poem. The style is simply

With faithful Benjamin attending." elegant, and unaffected ; and we have On the arrival of Benjamin at Kesaccompanied bonest Benjamin and his wick, the owner of the team, inTeam, with much satisfaction, through dignant at the delay which had oc

curred,

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curred, and irritaled by some other From so rambling a performance, circumstances, abruptly discards his we may be content with a few detachfaithful servant; and

ed lines : Benjamin the good,

“ Another tale in verse I'll sing,
The patient, and the tender-hearted, Another after that I'll drag on;
Was from his Team and Waggon parted; Now tell me, Bess, I prithee tell,
When duty of that day was o'ers

Shall it be of the Potier Bell,
Laid down his whip-and serv'd no more. Or Benjamin who drives the Waggon?
Nor could the Waggon long survive

Potter Peter Bell you choose,
Which Benjamin had ceas'd to drive:

The Potter who had scarce a rag on ; It linger'd on ;-Guide after Guide, We'll leave, then, till another time, Ambitiously the office tried ;

That merry tale, in serious rhyme, But each unmanageable hill

Of Benjamin who drives the Waggo9. Callid for his patience, and his skill." Where left we off, my pretty Bess ?

My pretty Bess, where left we off? 18. Benjamin the Waggoner, a righte

Peter Bell was on his knees,
merrie and conceitede Tale in Verse. A And there we'll leave him, if you please,
Fragment. 8vo. pp. 96. Baldwin and Though the place is rather rough.”
Co.

“ I love the words which run so easy-
“AGAIN his faithful Friend attends Boat and Aoat--and you and do-
him." But this jeu d'esprit is not (as Ass and grass make pretty rhyme;
may probably be expected) a parody Boat, I've used it many a time,
op ihe preceding Article; which it re-

And ass- times just forty-two.sembles in nothing but the title.page.

I have a little boy and girl, On the contrary, it was in fact wril.

I have a little girl and boy :ten before the publication of “ The

The girl is twenty months no more ;

The boy, he's less-he's only four, Waggoner of W. W.” and might with

But he's his mother's joy." propriety have been called a Conti. nuation of the Adventures of Peter But to the StoryBell (see Part I. p. 442), and of the “ Now Peter be oft thought of marrying, severest ridicule on its worthy Author. Marrying as you and I night inarry ;

in a long and witty Preface the So popp'd the question to the widow, two former Peters are introduced, in

Who answered friendly conversation, in a stage- Happy was Peter and the widow, coach ; which ends in the Parodist's (And happy was the widow's ass),

Though children she had at first but seven ; oblaining possession of the MS Fragmeot now given to the Publick ; and They had four mure-in all eleven.” in that Preface are some keen political

To 22 pages of fanciful poetry are truths. The following observalion appended' 46 pages of humourous may refer to more persons than one :

prose. “ So much were we struck in the early

19. Fumiliar Lessons on Mineralogy and days of our observation with the incon. gruities, the abuses, and the very pal.

Geology ; cxplaining the easiest Methods

of discriminaling Minerals, and the earthy pable penury of virtuous principles in the distribution of Law and of Govern.

Substances, commonly called Rocks, which ment; that we had determined to aban

compose the primitive, secondary, Flvelz or

Flai, and alluvial Formations : to which don the land of our fathers, and endeavour to find among

is added, a Description of the Lapidaries'

Apparatus, &c. With Engravings and distant barbarous climes; Colourell Plate. By J. Mawe, Author Rivers unknown to song; where first the of The Nero Descriptive Catalogue of

Minerals," &c. &c. 12mo. pp. 78.
Gilds Indian mountains, or his setting beam Longman and Co.
Flames on th' Allantic isles ;'

THE Author of these “ Familiar - some state of society, which, though Lessons” has “ carefully avoided obroid of our boasted civilization, yet would scure terins and technical phraseology, be equally divested of the superlative de studiously aimning at simplicity in degree of iniquity which seems always by

scription.” some fatality to attend upon its progress. We looked abroad, and like the dove “ His endeavours to become explicit, which found no resting-place till she once may have unavoidably betrayed him into more alighted upon the Ark which she a repetition of expression. It is his chief had teft, we found that it was possible, desire that an acquaintance with our mieven in the midst of the system which we neral resources may be cultivated rather deprecated, to live, to enjoy, and to as a recreation than a study ; that the prosper.”

produce of our mines may be regarded as

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