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complains in the indemnity, as to Richard II. achieved the badge of the the Ministers only extending up to Prince of Wales by his valour. the 10th of July, and not to the Edward III. had for his supporters, Ist of August, since it was uuneces- on the dexter side, a lion guardant sary to indemnify them after the ope- Or, and the sinister, a hawk Arration of the Act took place, which gent, jessop'd Or, both supporters sufficiently protected them until the crowned. 1st of August, one thousand seven- Richard II, took the lion Or, as hundred and eighty-one. It is, there his grandfather did, and a white fore, not to be wondered at, that buck (or hart,) armed Or, on the those Writers who have in particular sinister side. He used a white hart alluded to these Acts, should consider couchant, and he impaled Edward them as legalizing the Marriages com
the Confessor's arms before his owI), ing within their intention. Mr. Roug- when he went to subdue the rebels in Jass, in his report of the case of the Ireland; he used an oroament in gold “ King against Northfield,” (which like a pea on his garment, embroidecision gave rise to the Acts, speaks dered, which is introduced on his of them as legalizing certain Mar. inonument. riages, and as having been brought Henry IV. took all Lancasļer into Púrlianient for such a purpose. badges, viz. the rose and crown, Professor Christian in his Notes on borne by Henry I. Duke of LaucasBlackstone, and Mr. Stockdale Hardy ter, whose daughter his father marin his “ Letter to a Country Surro. ried ; likewise three feathers Erınive, gate," have also viewed them in the feathers, stalk, and labels Gold. same light; and indeed it is impos- He bore, as his dexter supporter, sible to view them in any other, since the antelope chained, as his father, the Law supposes all their requisites and white swan ducally gorged Or, complied with, unless the contrary is for the Hereford Bohun family; anoproved. With respect to the trans- ther badge he wore, a fox's tail. mission of Marriages solemnized in Henry V. took to support the arms New Chapels to the Mother Church, of France and England, the golden that certainly is rendered imperative lion on the dexter, and the antelope by the clause to which your Cor
of Lancaster on sinister. He took the respondent alludes; but as ihat clause cross light emblem, that he could be dues not directly make the noptrans- a light and a guide to his people to mission fatal to the validity of the
follow bim in virtue and honour, Marriage, I cannot for a moment with the Lancaster rose. think that a neglect, as to the trans- Henry VI. bore the antelope on mission, would in validate the mar- the dexter, and the panther as the riage. It might expose the Ministersinister supporter. The panther, to to punishment for his neglect, but shew that a king should have so many the Marriage would stand unaffected. excellent and general virtues as there Yours, &c. AN OLD SURROGATE. are spots and colours in this beast.
He bore the supporters of his grand
father John of Gaunt. Mr. URBAN, Liverpool, Aug. 3.
The Lancaster rose, and 2 feathers I remarks of your correspondent READ with much pleasure the across, as badges.
Edward IV. bore as supporters, (p.30), on Arms, Crests, Moltos, and dexter, the golden lion by the earlBadges, &c.
dom of March, in right of Mortimer, To what Edward III. took, may and the black bull armed and horned be added what he also bore, the root Or, by the honour of Clare. He bore of a tree camped and era sed, to sig. the white rose by the earldom of nify his flourishing ; and his grandson, March, and placed it on the sunbeams. Richard II. bore the same root, but He bore the falcon and fetlock Or and took the sun in full glory, to signify, Gold, after his great grandfather, Edthough his father bore the glory from mund Langley, first duke of Yorka cloud, in him it was arrived at full motto, “ Modus et ordo." perfectiou.
Richard III. took the golden lion Edward III. bore the mantle gould for his dexter, and white boar of the doubled, as it was continued since in dukedom of Gloucester, armed, &c. the arms, and his son, the father of Or, for his sinister. I do not find any
1819.) Coats of Arms, &c.— Ancient Historians. 131 olber badges noled by my author for A Copy of the English Baron's Book, this king.
from the Conquest to this Year, 1592*, Henry VII. was rather more la.
dedicated to the Queen's Majesty, vish of badges and ornaments. He
and by her Highness most graciously took the red dragon on the dexter
received and princely rewarded. side for supporter, and the white grey
By Clarencieux, King at Armes. bound, the earldom of Richmond, to
The badge Henry VIII. granted shew he descended from the House Aone Bulleyn was, on a root of a of Cadwalleder ; and appointed rouge
tree couped and, erased Or, a dove dragon pursuivant of arms, port cul- standing on one leg, wings indorsed lis the badge of the House of Somer. Argent, armed Or; crowned Or aod set, and for which also a pursuivant Gules; holding in its dexter paw a was appointed; blanche rose, and rouge scepter Or, and standing thereon. rose, also great badges, used at this Yours, &c.
M. GREGSON. time, with another, the crown of Eng. land drawn in a thoro bush, and the
Aug. 10. same in which Henry VII. was crown- IN
N. some of the early editions of ed with when it was found. This was
Common Prayer, the initials of depicted and worn as a badge, some
the persons names who rendered the times letters H. E. sometimes H. R. as
Psalms into metre are affixed to each I take it Earl and Rex.
Psalm, and among others are the iniHepry II. used the dun cow
tials T. C. which it has been suggested one of his standards which was offer- are intended for Thos. Churchyard. ed up in St. Paul's Church with other If any of your Readers can inforın standards, St. George and the Dragon,
me whether such suggestion is cor&c. after his victory over Richard III. rect, and the authority for it, I sball at Bosworth field.
feel much obliged.
G.M. Henry VIII. contented himself with the Lancaster badge and the
Aug. 4. Somerset badge, and took the golden IT is with regret that I read your lion dexter, and the red dragov si
reply of pister : his motto, “ Dieu et non
(p. 2), respecting the reprint of sonie Droit,” with a single fleur de lis un
of our antient Historians. The transder a crowo.
lation of Matthew Paris would be Edward VI. as his father, when
Q most desirable publication; apd I king; previous, as Prince of Wales, should hardly doubt but that the he bore the feathers proper, io a cir: announcement of its publication in cle radiated like the sun.
8vo. would be hailed with pleasure, Queen Mary, nuch like her father, and a moderate impression soon sold. with a pomegranate and rose iin
The impolicy and injustice of the ob. paled under the Spanish crown.
boxious Copyright Acts have been 80 Queen Elizabeth took delight in ar
Jately the subject of a warm discusmorial bearings. She exhibited the sion, that it is singular no relief was arms of Edward the Confessor, Henry afforded, by the introduction of a 1. 2 lions, Hen. II. 3 lions (Plantaga. Bill during the last Session +. niet, viz. 1 lion), the Irish arms, the
You, Mr. Urban, the venerable and Welshi arms, the arms of France, steady Patrou of Literature, will noi, semé de lis in a border; and the arms
I am sure, be backward in rendering Azure, 3 fleurs de lis Or.
your assistance to procure for tbe Elizabeth look the same supporters Publick so valuable an acquisition as and inolto as her father, and the badge the translation of the Historian in that was given by him to her mother question would be. Perhaps, then, thedove, with the sceptre, standing on
you will not refuse to insert this by the stump of a tree; also the Phæ
way of hint to the parties who pos. vix rising from the flames; motto,
sess the Translation; and, in the hope
that “ Semper eadem."
will be printed ere long. Robert Cook, Clarenceux King of
CLERICUS BEDFORDIENSIS. Arms, presented her with a Baron's * See Noble's Hist, of the College, 1804. Book to 1592, and she, though fru
+ The pressure of other important bu. gal, gave at one time 10001. ; of which siness during the last Session prevented it; book a copy jo MS. is now before but we trust the application will be renewed me, thus inscribed,
with effect in the next session. Epit.
the purchase of a piece of Ihich hear the name of some Pa
Backwell Hill, SoMR. URBAN,
he would point out the hat under mersetshire, Aug. 10. which the dollar was; but I did not EADING in your last Magazine accept bis bet. He further told me
that Dr. Hutton, in his “Re- that a steel rod was as good or better creations in Mathematics,” had said than the hazel rod; aod that it was something about the Divining Rod, a general practice among the miners I beg leave to say, that about seven on the Mendip Hills to find out veins years ago, I was building a house of calamy (lapis caliminaris) and lead upon a bill of limestone, where there by the rod. was little probability of getting a Yours, &c. John R. LUCAS. spring of water: and a farmer having just left me, with whom I was in
Mr. URBAN, Penzance, May 17.
N Cornwall wells land," my bailiff, who was with me, observed that the farmer was cele. tron Saint, who appears to have bad brated as a famous Dewster, and a Chapel consecrated to him or her could find out a spring of water, if on the spot. This appears by the there was one,
I asked him what he name of Chapel Saint-attached by meant by, a Dewster? he replied, tradition to the spot. These Chapels that by using a rod or twig of hazel, were most probably mere Oratories ; he could find out a spring of water. but in the parish of Maddern there is Having before heard of the Divining a well called Maddern Well, which is Rod, and having little faith in it, I inclosed in a complete Baptistery, the desired him to run after the farmer, walls, seats, door-way, and altar, of which he immediately did ; and the which still remain. The socket, wbich farmer told me, if I could get him a received the base of the crucifix or bazel rod be could easily find a spring pedestal of the Saint's image, is perof water, if there was one. Having fect. The foundation of the outer procured a rod for the farmer, who, walls are apparent. The whole ruin holding it in both his hands, and bend is very picturesque, and I wonder that ing it into a bow, traversed for some it is passed over in so slight a manner little time a likely spot of ground, a by all Cornish historians, and partilittle way from the house, and pre- cularly by Dr. Borlase, who speaks sently said there was a spring of wa- merely of the virtues superstitiously ter or goods, in a particular spot. I ascribed to the waters. This neglect asked him what he meant by goods ? in Borlase is the more to be wondered he said lead ore, or calamy (lupis ca- at, as the ruin is situated in his naliminaris). I desired him to inform tive parish. I was struck with being ine how be knew there were water or informed that the superstitious of the goods, and he replied, by the rod of neighbourhood attend on the first hazel forcibly bending in his hands. Thursday in May to consult this I requested him to show me how to oracle by dropping pins, &c. Why hold the rod, which he did ; and I on the Thursday ? May out this be traversed the spot several times be- some vestige of the day on which fore I found any pressure on the rod: Baptisteries were opened after their but, after directing me several times being kept shut and sealed during how to hold it, I at last found a very Lent, which was on Maunday Thursconsiderable pressure on the rod, day? My informaot told me that whenever I went over a particular Thursday was the particular day of spot of ground, and I could scarcely the week, though some came on the keep the rod in my hands. This con-, second and third Thursday. May vinced me that there was some truth was the first month after Easter, in it, and I ordered a shaft to be dug when the waters had been especially on the spot; and after going down blessed ; for then was the great time three or four yards, the man caine to of baptism. When I visited this Well some old workings of lead ore; but last week, I found in it a polianthus there was no water, On conversing and some article of an infant's dress, with the farmer on the subject, hc which showed that votaries had been offered to lay me a bet that he would there. put 20 hats in a row, at some distance After the sixth century, these Bapfrom each other, and uoder one of tisteries were reinoved into the church. thein I should put a dollar, and that I willthank any of your Readers who
1819.] Winchester Cathedral. --Suppression of Vice.
133 can ioform me whether there is any grand effect of the transept ever deother remains of the kind in this stroyed. Those who have ever seen country so perfect, and I shall be much the Abbey of St. Alban's, will see the obliged by a probable guess at the bąd effect of this ; and lastly, there age of this building, aod for ang
other seems an inclination to lose the effect information which may lead me to of the two Jubilee galleries, the oply revisit the spot with increased motives ones of the kind in the kingdom, of admiration.
SIMPLEX. which correspond so exactly with the
Abbey of St. George de Rockerville,
Winchester, in Normandy, that they seem to be
about the same period of time, and T HE reparations that are making much resemble each other in many
at Winchester Cathedral, take points. them in general, are not of the best I mean not, Sir, these observations laste. The roof of that part where the on the improvement of the Cathedral transept is united, is in imitation of as any reflection on the taste of the Henry VII. and the colours too gaudy worthy and Rev. Dean, but when genjo my opinion ; light blue prevails, tlemen are not conversant in these that is offensive to the eye ; the roof matters, they ought to allow those of the choir is of the same descrip- whose profession it is, to submit to tion. The Chapel of La Vierge, wbere the plans, &c. and then to form a corthey now perform service during the rect judgment, and act accordingly. repairs, is, I believe, finished with a Yours, &c.
A MEMBER OF THE glaring red curtain, to keep them ANTIQUARIAN SOCIETY. warm; this might do in Winter, but in Summer it put me in a fever: and Mr. URBAN,
Aug. 9. instead of painting, that which ought to be so is done with a nasty glazy
T certainly must be acknowledgI
ed, that there is a great appearvarnish, and the pavement in the same ance inanifested at the present time disfigured state as before.
by the English, to promote Religion The Choir, I am afraid, will not and Morality, and generally to incorrespond with the expectations of crease the comforts, and lessen the many Antiquaries ; the four angles sufferings of our fellow.creatures. of the four arches of the great tower The establishment of the pumerous are four kings, with each a sceptre. Bible Societies, Missionary Societies, I took them to be four Highlanders and other lostitutions for the same from their dress, with a Scotch bonnet good purposes, which are now spreadon their heads, aod playing on the ing throughout the kingdom, the bagpipes; for the manner of their erection of new Churches, and Meel. arms, and the position of their :cep- ing-houses, which we observe of late, tres, is more that of the chanter; 80 certainly appears as if there was a that I took them to be literally Scotch- sincere wish to reform mankind.men playing the bagpipes, with a red But all these endeavours are but of jacket faced with blue, and a High- little worth if crimes of the worst kind land bonnet on their heads. The or- are countenanced aod sanctioned by gans are still to be left, to stop up persons, who, independently of such the grand effect of the North transepi, encouragement to vice, bcar a reand the opposite grand arch is also spectable character. That such perstopt up, they say to confine the svos exist, on mature consideration, sound of the organs, and correspond must readily be confessed~exumple, with the former ; this, in my humble is betler than precept. Building opinion, destroys one of the finest, Churcbes and forming Bible Societies, one of the grandest points of view in will not accomplish the desired end, ibe Cathedral, and obscures every whilst bad examples are set by the thing that is fine in the whole building. promoters of such undertakings. I
It perhaps may be a want of do not mean to charge any indivi. taste in me, but when they were to dual with tbe glaring inconsistency of make a grand and general repair, encouraging the building of Churches they ought to bave made the Choir or forming Bible Societies, and at the like most other Cathedrals, on the same time countepancing and savcEast of the grand transept. In no tioning MURDER: but that this crime French Church have I ever seen the is countenauced at the present tine
by many individuals there can be no habitants. These, consisting chiefly doubt, when we observe the sanction of Miners and Colliers, have hitherto given to the wicked practice of set- been too generally living in the nego iling quarrels by DUELLING (as it is lect of moral and religious duties. commonly called), a practice which The following facts are in addition all truly religious people must con- to the minute particulars already demo.
recorded in our former volumes *, to I was much pleased by observing which our readers are referred. Edit. in your Magazine for July, that the
" With the concurrence of the HonourAcademy of Dijon have offered a pre- able and Right Reverend the Lord Bishop mium for a prize essay on the best of the Diocese, a memorial and plan means of puttiog an end to that hor- were laid before Government, with an of. rid crime. What are the members fer, on my part, that if the needful fuod of the Society for putting in force
for building a Church and Parsonagethe Proclamation against Vice and
house could be provided, I would give up
my Curacy, and serve the new Church Immorality, and the Society for the Suppression of Vice about, that they endowment necessary for its consecration.
without any farther emolument than the suffer in the metropolis of a country The measure met the full approbation of generally acknowledged, I imagine, to Government, who granted five acres of be a Christian and civilized one, the land in the Forest for this purpose, being following inscription to remain (if all that is allowed by Act of Parliament; koown to them) at a shop window of and have also given most liberal aid in à silversmith in one of the great money. An accurate survey was made, streets leading to the West end of the and from 250 to 300 cottages, containing towo ? “ DUELLING Pistols."
from 1200 to 1500 souls, found on extraI shall not detain your Readers parochial ground, all within a reasonable any longer, than by desiring a parti- made public in the Spring of the year
distance of the Church. The plan was cular account of the proceedings in
1816; and, encouraged by the many France respecting the above-mention.
friends who appeared on its behalf, I laid ed Prize Essay, and expressiog a wish
the first stone on the 4th of June. . In that some of the most respectable and eight months, a large Church was built, a vírtuous of the members who sup- Church-yard enclosed, and a School. port the various Religious Societies room erected capable of containing 400 would unite their efforts to put an children. The Church was opened on the end to Duelling, which I have no 5th of February 1817, by the Episcopal doubt, with very little trouble, they licence ; and was consecrated in June might soon in a great measure do, following. It is duly served by myself, if earnest in their endeavours.
and regularly attended by a large con-
gregation, with every promise of its prov.
sonage-house is finished; and I am now
in residence there, to devote myself to this
important work.--I have thus the happi. a
ness to see both the present and the rising more to introduce to the notice of nished with the means of Religious Wor
generation, on this side of the Forest, furour benevolent Readers his appeal ship and Education ; but I have, by these to the Publick, on the subject of the means, taken a beavy responsibility or New Church in the Forest of Dean. myself, as the funds are still far short of To this we are the rather induced to the needful amount. I feel, however, no comply, as the Rev. H. Berkin has anxiety for the event ; being confident incurred a personal risk of between
that the continued benevolence of the four and five thousand pounds in his public will not be solicited in vain, when
the circumstances of the case are known). arduous attempt for the public good, and a deficiency still existing of nearly assistance was in their power; and one
These poor people have rendered wbat 10001. for which he is responsible.
man, owner of a quarry, has given the The Royal Forest of Dean, in the
I trust, that by means of this County of Gloucester, a waste tract work, true Religion and pure Morality of upwards of 20,000 acres, has hin ýay be the ornaments of the surrounding therto had no 'Church iv it, nor (with country: nor does any plan appear more the exception hereafter mentioned) any means of religious instruction ex- * See vol. LXXXVI. ij. 23.-LXXXVII. pressly provided for the use of its in- i. 402. ii. 77.
We have received a request from