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Frontispiece to



DParhes delin 2."1818.from

the original Painting in the Grand Iury Room in the Guilde



BORN 1650;-DIED 1702.

See p.9.

hhed b. Nina 1.'.



Mr. URBAN, Shrewsbury, May 6. came so great an ornament. Little is S your pages preserve the por- said of him till he was near 30 years

of age, when he became master, and, tions of many of the valorous sons of in a great measure, owner, of a ship Britain, both naval and military, I called the Benbow frigate, employed wish to add another, in the renowned in the Mediterraneap trade. In 1686, Baval bero Admiral BENBOW. The 'an incident occurred, which gave a painting from which I copied the en- sudden turn to his fortune, and closed drawing, (see the frontispiece brought him to serve in the British to this Volume) is io the grand Jury. Navy. Being attacked on his pasroom of his native town, presented 'sage to Cadiz, by a Sallée rover, Benby his sister Mrs. Eleanor Hind. There bow defended himself, though very is another portrait of bim amongst inferior in number, with the utmost the British Admirals at Hampton Court bravery, till at last the Moors boardPalace.

ed him, but were beat out of the vesJohn Benbow was born in a house sel, with the loss of 13 men, whose at Cotton Hill *, Shrewsbury, in the heads he ordered to be cut off, and year 1650. His uncle, Thomas Ben- thrown into a tub of pork pickle. bow, was Colonel in the service of Upon his arrival at Cadiz, he went on King Charles I. and was shot at shore, followed by a negro servant, Shrewsbury. Joho, a younger bro-, with the Moors' heads in a sack, tó ther, and father of the Admiral, was be examined by the Magistrates in also'a Colonel in the King's army; Cadiz, as the Captain had refused to but on the ruin of the King's party, have his luggage examined by the after encountering many difficulties, Custon House officers, assertiog that be retired and lived privately during the bag contained only salted provithe Usurpation. On the Restoration, sions for his own use. Upon the Ma. being considerably advanced in years, gistrates insisting on seeing the conand his affairs having been ruined in ients, the Captain ordered bis servant, consequence of his loyalty, he was Cæsar, to throw them on the table, glad to accept a small office in the adding, “ I told you they were salt Tower, where he was accidentally provisions, and, gentlemen, if you found by the King. On his Majesty like them, they are at your service !” observing the Colonel, he exclaimed, This adventure recommended him to * My old friend, Col. Benbow! what the notice and admiration of Charles do you bere ?" “ I have,” returned II. King of Spain, who not only made the Colonel,“ a place of fourscore him a handsome present, but also pounds a year, in which I serve your wrote a letter to King James II. of Majesty as cheerfully as if it brought England, who, upon his return, gave me in thousands.” * Alas !" said the him the command of a ship in the King; " is this all that could be found Royal Navy; but it was not till after for an old friend at Worcester! Colo- the Revolution that he particularly nel Legge, bring this gentleman to distinguished himself. Benbow, it une to-morrow, and I will provide for should be observed, rose to the first him and his family as it becomes me.” offices in the Navy by pure merit, This promise was not fulfilled ; the without any court interest, or private worthy Benbow, overcome by so sud- intrigue. He signalized himself by den a reverse of fortune, set down on several descents upon the French a bench, and expired, before the King coast, and pursued for some time, the was well out of the Tower. It does famous Du Bart. He was afterwards not appear, however, that the gay sent to the West Indies, where he Monarch took any notice of the son ; signalized himself in relieving the for, at the age of 15, he is said to British colonies ; and, in some disputes have been under the necessity of be- with the Spaniards, he maintained coming a waterinan's boy, for his im- the honour of his flag. For tbese mediate subsistence; probably show. services, on his return bome, the ing an early predilection for that pro- greatest respect was shown to him. fession, to which he afterwards' be. The closing scene of his naval career

was the most important, though the * A view of the house is given in vol.

most unfortunate. In 1701, in order, LXXIX. p. 1097.

as was said, to disappoint the French Gent. Mag. July, 1819.


in their views upon the Spanish suç duty, eluded his grasp. Benbow folcesion, it was thought necessary, lowed up the French for four days ; among other arrangements, to send on the 2nd of April he was severely a strong squadron 10 the West Indies. wounded, bis right leg being broken It was vecessary this squadron should by a chain-shot. To this condition be put under the command of a tried he was carried down to be dressed ; and skilful officer, and Benbow was and while the surgeon was at work, named by the ministry; but the King one of his Lieutenants expressing great (William II1.) refused to listen to sorrow at his misfortune, Benbow this, alledging that it would be hard said, “ I am sorry for it too; but I to send that faithful officer to a quar. had rather have lost both my legs ter from which in a manner he had than have seen this dishonour brought but just returned, and where he had upon the English pation. But, d'ye met with so many difficulties. Seve. hear, if another shot should take me ral officers were accordingly named, off, behave like brave men, and fight but they all cootrived to get them- it out.” As soon as it was practiselves excused ; upon which the King cable, he desired to be carried up, said jocosely to his ministers,“ Well, and placed, with his cradle, upon the then, I fiud we must spare our beaus, quarter-deck, and nobly continued and send holiest Benbow." His Ma- the fight; but finding himself abs(jesty accordingly sent for him, and lutely without support, he deterasked him whether he was willing to mined to return to Jamaica. When go to the West Indies, assuring him he arrived in Port Royal harbour, at the same time, that if he was not, Vice-Admiral Benbow ordered, the he would not give offence by desiring officers on shore, who had sw-scanda. to be excused. Benbow, with cha lously. misbehaved, and immediately racteristic bluotness, replied, " he did after directed a commission to Rearnot understand such conipliments, Admiral Whetstone to hold a court. Jie thought he had no right to choose martial for their trial, wbich was achis station; and if his Majesty thought cordingly done, and, upon the clearest fit to send hiin-to the Easi or Wesl evidence that could be desired, some ladies, or any other part of the globe, of the most guilty were condemned, he would with the utmost cheerful- and suffered according to their de ness obey his orders.”

The com.

serts. From this tine our Admiral's inand of ihe West India squadron was health rapidly declined, partly by the conferred on the Vice-Admiral, and heat of the climate, but more froin he deparled in October 1701. His the grief which this miscarriage ocsquadron consisted of two third-rates, casioned, as appeared by his letters and eight fourths, which was all the to his lady, in which he expressed force that could then be spared. The !puch more concern for the coodition atrict discipline which lie found neces- in which he was likely to leave the sary for the good of the service, and public affairs in the West Indies, than of which he was an eminent example, for his own. During the whole of crealed a jealousy and disgust in the his illness, he showed great calinneas minds of several of the Caplaius un- and presence of mind; giving the der his command. On the 19th of necessary directions for stationing the August, 1702, be fell in with the ships of his squadron, for protecting French fleet, off the coast of Cartha. the commerce, aod incommoding the gena, commanded by M. de Casse, an enemy. Thus he continued discharge officer of considerable skill aud bra. ing his duty to the last moment. He very. 'The enemy's force consisted died November 4, 1702. He was a of ten sail, four of them from sixty man so remarkable for temperance, to seventy guns, one a great Dutch that none of his most intimate ac. built ship, of forty, another full of quaintance ever saw him disguised in soldiers, three small vessels, and a liquor. He was of an undaunted resloop. Had the English Captaius be. solution, and intrepidly daring. The baved as men, lbe result would have name of Beobow is still of great and been a glorious æra io naval warfare; undiminished popularity in the Bribut five of his vessels oul of seven did tish Navy. vol obey his sigoals, and the French Benbow seems to have been as aquadroo, which he must have cap- much ihe idol of the people in his tired if his officers had done their time, as Nelson in the late war. Jo a




collection of ballads of the day, is one sloping roof. Four columns placed entitled “ A true Britisb · Herv, or quadrangularly in the ceotre of the Benbow the Brave;" it contains six building are connected by elegantly stanzas, beginning with

turned arches, upon which rest the

walls of the tower. “Sound thy trumpet, O Fame! let the Nation attend,

The Chancel still exhibits fragmen's To Benbow the Brave, each English- of an old Mosaic pavement. These man's friend ;

consist of small square bricks of a He bas sail'd-he will fight, and he'll deep red colour, having on their sur.

conquer again, [the main. face, in bright yellow, the figure of a And the flag of old England o'ershadow fleur de lis. With these the whole of Oh! push the bumper about, drink his the Chancel-floor appears to have bealth, each brave Tar,

beeo originally covered. To Benbow the Brave ! our firm bul.

At the end of the Chancel stands wark in war!"

the Communion-table, surrounded by This appears to have been written beavy bagoisters, profusely carved, about the time he sailed for the West

and bearing the marks of extreme Iodies in 1701.

age; in the centre of the Cominu. He had several children ; one of his nion floor is a long flag-stone, on sous was brought up in the sea ser- which is the following Inscription : vice ; he died in 1708, without issue,

SITUS • EST. EX · ANTIGUA and left a MS account of the island of

BURTONORUM • PROSAPIA . ORIUNDUS Madagascar, on which he had suffered shipwreck. His eldest daughter DOMINI · EDUARDI BURTON . DE EASTmarried Paul Catton, esq. of Milton, BOURNE · IN SUSSEXIE • MARITIM18. near Abingdon, co. Berks, who as- MILITIS • FILIUS. HÆRESQUE . QUI . POST sisted Dr. Campbell in recording the FELICEM · IN · LITERIS • PROGRESSUM . exploits of his father-in-law.

Yours, &c.



June 4. CAROLO • PRIMO • A . SACRIS • TANDE'QUE. ROADWATER Church (of which


RECTOR . QUI SEMPER FUERAT. a small, but seat, view is given

PRESBYTERIANORUM • INVIDIA . ET . io vol. LXXIV. p. 201), situated near

MALLEUS SINE LUCTA • MARTIS. , the entrance of the parish of that

SUAVITER . OBDORMIVIT . IN. DOMINO name, is a venerable Gothic edifice,

AUG. 9, ANNO DOMINI 1661, “ The pious work of names once fam'd,

ÆTATISQUE. SUÆ 67. Now dubious or forgot..” It forms an extremely picturesque is a long flag-stone, inlaid with a cu

lo the centre of the Chancel floor object from the road, from which it

rious brass figure of an early Rector, is separated by a row of lofty trees.

with his hands folded in attitude of The Tower is in fiue preservation, being nearly as fresh as at the time of prayer, encircled by a lofty Gothic its erection. The Church itself is arch, highly ornamented. Under his

feet is a Latin inscription. evidently the work of different periods, being partly of Saxon and of

On the right side of the Chaucel in early Pointed architecture*.

a superb monument belonging lo the

De la Warr family, formed entirely of Before the present Incumbent came

free-stone, and covered with sculpto the living, the only entrance to it

ture. Near is a plain stone, bearing was by a luw portico, which faces the

The following Inscription : North, and which consequently rendered the Church damp; but since “ Here lies the body of the Rev. C. that period the Western door has Smith, who was deprived of bis livings, been opened; ou entering which, the

Combes and Sompting, in the year 1689. interior presents an imposiog effect.

He departed this life Jan. 4, 1:24, aged The nave is supported by massy

72." stone futed columns, from which To the Nave is a sipall stone, with a spring the arches that sustain the Latin inscription to the memory of

Joho Mappleton, a former Rector of See the Remarks of Mr. Jobu Car

this place. ter on this Church, and that of Lancing, The transverse ailes of the Cburch in our vol. LXXVIII. p. 316.-Edit. (which is built in the form of the



cross) are particularly curious. They pulpit, which may account for ils pre-
contain, under a slopiog roof on the servation.
Eastern side of the ailes, stone seats, The Church-yard contains the tomb
or stalls, for the officiating priests; of Ambrose Searle, esg. author of
three in each. In the side of each “ Horæ, Salutariæ," and many other
is a piscina, and by its side a cu- works well known to the religious
riously wrought niche of stone. world.

These ailes are now used as a Ce- A fipe old Gothic building, belongmetery. The oldest legible inscription ing to the Rectory, and called Parsonis 1641.

age-hall, is now used as a School-house. There is still preserved an old iron Broadwater is a lay impropriation helmet, supposed to bave been that vested in the College of Arundel, and of Lord De la Warr, and hung as a is a valuable living. The present extrophy on bis monument; it was af- cellent Rector is the Rev. Peter terwards ingeniously converted into a Wood. He was presented to the poor's-box, and fixed in front of the Rectory in 1811.

J. F.





« Oh for a Shakspeare's pencil, while I trace

In Nature's breathing paint, the dreary waste
Of Buxton, dropping with incessant rains,
Cold and ungenial; or its sweet reverse,
Enchanting Matlock, from whose rocks sublime
Romantic foliage hangs, and rills descend,
And Echo's murmur. Derwent, as he pours
His oft obstructed stream down rough cascades
And broken precipices, views with awe,
With rapture, the fair scenes his waters form.”

Roman Stations. Ad Trivonam, Berry farm ; Aquæ, Buxton; Lutudarum,

Antiquilies, British, “ Cair's work,” or “ Carle's work," rude fortification

on Hathersage moor.-Roman, Melandra-castle camp; Altar at Haddon-
hall: Inscribed pigs of lead found near Matlock.—Melbourne, Sandiacre
and Steetley Churches, Ashover leaden font. Bakewell and Eyanı

“ Anchor church,” excavation in a rock near Foremark. Barlborough and Hardwick halls.

Rivers. Amber, Ashop, Barbrook, Burbadge, Crawley, Ecclesburn, Ethrow,

Goyte, Gunno, Headford, Ibber, Idle, Lathkill or Larkill, Martin-brook,

Mersey, Morledge, Now, Schoo.
Inland Navigation. Nutbrook canal. On the Cromford canal is a tunnel

(at Butterley) 2978 yards long; an aquæduct bridge over the Amber 200
yards long, and 50 feet high ; and another of the same length, and 30 feet
high, over the Derwent. Oo Peak forest canal is an inclined plane of 512
yards, and an aquæduct bridge over the Mersey, 100 feet high, having 3

arches, each of 60 feet span. Eminences und Views. Holme-moss or Kinderscout 1859 feet; Axedge 1751

(erroneously stated at 2100 above Derby town); Lord's seat 1751; Hathersage 1377; Alport heights, 980. The High Tor in Matlock dale rises almost perpindicularly from the river above 300 feet. Bolsover Castle. Chats

worth hunting town. Natural Curiosities. Groupe of grit-stone rocks called “ Robin Hood's

Stride,” or “ Mock Beggar's ball,” on Stanton moor. Reynard's hall, a càve in Dovedale. Elden hole was ascertaioed by John Lloyd, esq. to be a shaft of 62 yards deep, at the bottom of which are two caverns, as described by him in “ Philosophical Transactions,” vol. 61. -Tepid springs, Buxton

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