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all reputed thieves, disorderly charac- curiosity or imprudence might draw ters, and prostitutes, who might be them to the disgusting scene. At night found about after a prescribed hour. they are fancifully dressed (if being half About 12 o'clock, the whole of the Offi- naked can be called so); they sit in the cers, aided by a strong detachment of lower rooms on sofas, and the windows Special and Parish Constables, the whole are all open ; if a stranger passes, he is under the direction of the Chief Clerk, instantly recognised, marked out, and set out on their mission. They first plundered--for in this little colony it is traversed Dover-street, where they found a matter of course that “ his oaks must all the night-houses open, and heard be felled" for the common good. The musick and dancing. They entered the Magistrates expressed thenselves deter. first, and found it full of women, some mined by every means in their power to of whom were full dressed, and others eradicate this evil, and they immediately had only their under garments on;

committed the whole of the prisoners to there were no men, or if there had been gaol, to be fed on bread and water, and any, they had found means of escape. kept to hard labour. Having apprehended the whole of this

Friday, Dec. 22. wretched assembly, and lodged them in Mr. J. Monro, a musician, applied to the watch-house, the Constables return- the Sitting Magistrate at Bow-street, for ed, and succeeded in securing another instructions under the following circumhouse-full of similar company, with the stances :-Mr. M. said, the Magistrate addition of a number of men, whom was, of course, aware of the custom of they found carousing, and dancing on bands of musicians who were called the tables, many of the females being Waits, going about serenading during absolutely but half dressed. In the Christmas; but it was not, perhaps, gewhole, they apprehended sixty indivi- nerally known, that in Westminster duals of both sexes, who were yesterday there was a society of persons who were morning placed at the bar of this Office. designated the “ Ancient Society of Mr. Allen, the Sitting Magistrate, as- Waits," and were regularly sworn and sisted by Mr. Harrison (Chairman of the licensed under the authority of the Quarter Sessions), examined the delin- Court Burgesses.” The number of quents most minutely, and from their Waits was limited, and each had a sevarious statements, it would seem that paraté district allotted to him by genethe Borough is the general receptacle or ral agreement. The expence of obtainhead-quarters of all that is bad.

Many ing this privilege amounted to nearly of the women said they lived in Pye- 201. for each person, and when admitstreet, and the Almonry, Westminster, ted he was sworn, in the same manner but had gone to the ball in Dover-street; that Constables are, to keep the peace, others had gone there for a similar pur- &c. He (Mr. Monro,) was one of that pose from Whitechapel, Horsleydown, body, and had a warrant which he now and other parts. The Officers assured produced. The warrant was upon parchthe Magistrates that this was not their ment, sealed with the Seal of Westminfirst appearance in the neighbourhood, ster, and signed by Mr. Finley, Clerk the whole of them being old offenders. to the Court of Burgesses. It sets forth They then went into a review of all the that Mr. Munro was one of the “ Anmisdeeds they had known the prisoners cient Waits of the City and Liberty guilty of during the last few years; but of Westminster, duly authorized to seto follow them through their calcula- renade the good Inhabitants of the said tion (which was certainly curious) would City!" It also enjoined him to procure take more room than our limits will a silver badge stamped with the arms of admit of. They however drew such a Westminster, “ to be worn in order that picture of Dover-street, and the other he might be known as one of the Anhaunts of those miserable beings, that cient Waits."He was under the nemany of our Readers will be apt to view cessity of providing several musicians them as inhabitants of another region. at the rate of two guineas a-week per It would appear from this account, that man, and with this band he serenaded in summer the girls entertain themselves the inhabitants of his district, every in the morning, by turning out in the second night, during a limited term, streets to play shuttle-cock, trap-ball, viz. from the 29th of November un&c. and it is no uncommon thing to see til the close of the Christmas holifrom two to three hundred of them en- days, bis chance of remuneration de. gaged in these kind of amusements, pended entirely upon the liberality of their hair dishevelled, and wearing no- those to whom he paid his nocturnal thing above their waists, save and ex- visits. Of late years the privilege cept their night-clothes! whilst every which was purchased at such consi. alley and corner is filled with skulking derable expence had been encroached ruffians, ready to pounce on all whose upon by itinerant musicians, who went .


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PART 11.) Occurrences in London and its Vicinity. 633 about on the Waits “ rest nights," and cut him whenever they were near enough at the close of the season, by means of to reach him, and inflicted several sesham badges, of “ baser metal,” which vere wounds. Seeing now no means of they shewed to the inhabitants, they ob- escape, as his assailants were nearly as tained the donations which properly be- well mounted as himself, Mr. Grenier longed to the “ regulars.”—The object took the precaution of suddenly darting of this application was to learn if some aside into a bye-road; he thus got measures could not be adopted to pre- a-head of his outrageous assailants, who, vent this encroachment. The Society however, still pursued, but luckily did had existed when Westminster was a not overtake him till he arrived at an mere village ; and the warrants were inhabited house and called for succour; originally issued under the authority of his pursuers then made off. The inhathen High Steward. Sir R. Baker said, he bitants of the house, seeing the alarming had no hesitation in declaring that per- condition of Mr. Grenier, his clothes besons playing in the streets after midnight, ing cut in several places, and blood flowwere liable to apprehension under the ing from different parts of his person, Vagrant Act, unless they had some sort immediately gave him shelter, and dressof licence. Mr. Munro then asked, if ed his wounds. He has since been rethe obtaining of money, in the charac- moved to Portland-place, and though he ter of a sworn Wait, could be punished? has been most severely injured, there is and the Magistrate said, it could; by a bope that he will recover. His Excelprosecution for obtaining money under lency the French Ambassador sent an false pretences.

account of the outrage to Lord Sidmouth, Saturday, Dec. 23.

as the head of the Home Department, The Houseless Poor.--At a Meeting and his Lordship immediately ordered of the General Committee for affording the amplest and speediest means of inshelter to the Houseless, pursuant to quiry to be resorted to. Mr. Birnie, the the Resolutions passed at the Mansion. Magistrate, after an interview with his house, it was resolved that a Coinmittee Lordship, repaired to Portland-place, of 18 members be chosen to carry into and took Mr. Grenier's deposition. Oweffect that part of the Report which re- ing to the darkness of the night, when lates to the preparation of a proper place he was attacked, he could give no defor the reception of the Destitute, if the scription of the persons who attacked weather should prove severe, when Mr. bim, any further than that the two men Hick stated, that in furtherance of the on foot seemed to be labouring men, object, he had moved in the Common and the three on horseback had cut. Council that it be referred to a Com- lasses and cloaks. A Proclamation has mittee, and that until the Report were been issued, offering a reward of 2001. made, it would be desirable that the Lon- for the detection and apprehension of don Workhouse should be lent to the the offenders. Houseless Committee as a place of temporary refuge.

Sunday, Dec. 31.

New Pieces.
A confidential servant of the French
Ambassador, whose name is Grenier,

DRURY Lane Theatre. and who is employed by his Excellency Dec. 26. The North-West Passage ; to carry dispatches to and from London or, Harlequin Esquimaux, a Comic to Harrow, was about seven o'clock Pantomime. The scenery, including this evening, most violently attackedviews of the Frozen Sea and icebergs, about seven miles from town. His with the Discovery ships, the crimson horse appeared suddenly to be stop- snows, and the Prince Regent's Straits, ped by two foot passengers, who stood presents a lively picture of those grand, in his way, and said something to bim but desolate regions. The Pantomimic in a low tone of voice, which, from his part was lively and successful. very imperfect knowledge of the language, he could not understand. As he

Covent GARDEN THEATRE. was endeavouring to clear his way, three Dec. 26. Harlequin and Friar Bamen on horseback suddenly rushed up con; or, The Brazen Head, a Pantoto him and surrounded bim, at the same mime. It is founded on the old story time commencing an attack upon him. of the Monkish Legends, which repreThey were armed with sabres or cut- sents the celebrated philosopher and lasses, and the foremost of them was mechanist, Roger Bacon, as a person of very expert in the use of his weapon. necromantic skill and powers, which Mr. Grenier, to escape the brutal fury of enable him to command the spirits of his assailants, put spurs to his horse darkness. The harlequinade abounds and galloped away; ihey followed him in burlesque incident and ingenious with all their speed, and continued to transformation. Gent. Mag. Suppl. XC. Part II.



GAZETTE PROMOTIONS, &c. Dec, 23. This Gazette notifies, that on the 19th inst. his Majesty conferred the Order of Knighthood on Major-general G. Airey, on his appointment as Knight Commander of the Order of the Guelph.

The Duke of Wellington, sworn in as Lord Lieuteuant of the county of Southampton.

Dec. 30. Brevet Major T. Summer-field, to be Major of 83d Foot.

EcclesiasTICAL PREFERMENTS. Rev. C. Champnes, Ogbourne St. George V. near Marlborough; being the fifth person of that name and family that has successively held that prefermeot.

Rev. C. Bird, Chollerton V. uear Hexham, Northumberland.

Rev. C. A. Belli, M.A. (of Prittlewell), Witham V. Essex.

Rev. T. Orman, Head Master of the
Free Grammar School of Thetford, vice
Rev. H. C. Mundings, resigned.

Rev. B. Roberts, D. D. of St. John's
College, Cambridge, Barnwell All Saints
R. with Barnwell St. Andrew R. North-


MARRIAGES. Nov. 29. At Vevey, Switzerland, M. 27. James Cazenove, jun, esq. of Old Antoine S. Polegieux de Falconnet, of Broad-street, to Susan, daugbter of the Vevey, to Sophie, daughter of the late late Edward Kuapp, jun. esq. of WinW. Faerholme, esq. of Chapel.

chester. Lately. The Rev. H. Salmon, Rector Wm. Pullarton Lindsay Carnegie, esq. of Culworth, Northamptonshire, to Miss of Spynie and Boysack (Angus), to the Oakley, of Severu Stoke, Worcestershire. Right Hon. Lady Jane Christian Carnegie, -The Rev. bridegroom is in his 89th daughter of the Earl of Northesk. year, and the lady considerably less than Rev. Stephen Hyde Cassan, Curate of one-third of that age.

Frome, and Chaplain to the Earl of CaleDec. 2. Fred. Green, esq. of Park. don, to Fanny, daughter of the late Rev. street, Grosvenor.square, to the Hon. Mrs. Wm. Ireland, Vicar of Frome. Sloane,

28. Wm. Gibney, M.D. of Cheltenham, 12. Lieut..col. Robert Torrens, to Est- to Frances, daughter of the late Wm. her, daughter of the late Ambrose Serle, Dwarris, esq. of Great Stanmore, Midesq. Commissioner of the Board of Trade. dlesex.

19., Robert Tindal, esq. to Miss Robin- J. Steven's, esq. of Bear Hill Cottage, son, both of Chelmsford.

Berks, to Mrs. Bennett, of Turnham-green. 21. R. Aubrey, esq. of Hunter-street, Edward, son of the Hon. Mr. Justice Brunswick-square, to Frances, only dau. Holroyd, to Caroline, daughter of the late of the late John Lewis, esq. of Monmouth. C. Pugsley, esq. of Ilfracombe, Devon

Mr. Wm. Bailey, of Chiswell street, shire. Finsbury-square, to Elizabeth, only dau. Anthony Errington, son of the late Capt. of the late J. Swallow, esq. Berks.

A. Hunt, R. N. to Sophia, daughter of the Fred. Shore Nodin, esq. of Crutched late Capt. Wm. White, R.N. Friars, to Lynnia, daughter of William Mr. Hudson, of North House, Epsom, Atkinson, esq. of Grove End, St. John's to Miss Kearsley, of Langley Hall, NewWood.

bury, Berks. 23. Mr. Frederick Wilkinsou, of Wands- 29. Richard Runcorn, esq. of Manchesworth, to Miss Frances Lotham Plaistow, ter, to Heorietta Anne, daughter of John of Warwick-street, Pall Mall.

Bradock, esq. of Clapton, Middlesex. 26. Mr. John Cruddas, of High Hol- The Hon. Miles John Stapleton, son of born, timber merchant, to Miss Sophia Lord Le Despencer, lo Anne Byam, dau. Leverton, niece of Wm. Leverton, esq. of of the Hon. T. Norbury Kerby, deceased, Forest Gate, West Ham, Essex.

and grand-daughter of the Hon. Edward Rev. George Carter, Minor Canon of Byam, deceased, both lale of the island the Cathedral of Norwich, and Vicar of of Antigua. Trowse with Lakenham, Norwich, to Anne 30. Mr. Edward T. Clark, of his Ma. Murray, daughter of Capt. R. Browne, of jesty's Customs, to Elizabeth, daughter of Norwicb.

Mr. Dickeson, of Eastcheap. Mr. C. Chawner, of Lichfield, to Miss Mr. Rich. Smith, of the Strand, to Haa. Pinckney, of Brixtou Hill.

nah, widow of the late J. T. Laycock, esq.

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gical researches, connected more especiIn our Number for February, p. 186, we ally with the older Latin Classics, had mentioned the death of the Rev. John long supplied bim with the materials for Ashbridge, Fellow of Trinity College, severe and successful investigation. He Cambridge. We have since that time proved his intimate koowledge of that received the following Biographical no- language, by gaining on two successive tice of him from a Correspondent in that years one of the prizes which are given University.

by the Representatives of the University John Ashbridge was born at Heath, in for the best prose Latin Essays on some the year 1788. He received the rudi. specified subject. nients of bis education from his father, In the year 1812 he was elected a Fel. the Rev. Joseph Ashbridge, Vicar of low of Trinity College, at a time when Hault Huckuall, in the county of Derby. there were only two vacancies, and many At the age of 14 he was, through the in- powerful competitors. Having arrived at terest of Sir Henry Crewe, placed on the that standing in the University when most foundation at Repton School, where he men terminate their academical career, remained until the year 1806, when he he did not, as is too generally the case, was admitted a member of Trinity Col. relax his exertions; but continued to study lege, Cambridge. Under the very able the best authors of antiquity, and at the justruction of the Rev. Dr. W. B. Sleath, same time to familiarize himself with all he had acquired a sound and extensive the refinements of modern analysis. Nor acquaintance with the best parts of clas. did his labours terminate in mere idle sical literature : and being gifted with speculation. For he entered into active great acuteness, and unwearied industry, correspondence with some of the first mahe did not fail to turn the advantages of thematicians of the country, accumulated his education to a good account in the materials for an introduction to the more the enlarged competition of the Univer- difficult parts of the higher calculus, and sity.

contributed many papers to our PhilosoAt the first annual examination in the phical Journals. Among his Essays of Hall of Trinity College, he obtained a this kind, may be mentioned an anoni. distinguished place in the first class. mous treatise on the figure of the Earth, During the following year he exhibited which appeared in Leybourn's Mathemathe same devotedness, and the same ori. tical Repository. Amidst these investiga. ginal powers in his mathematical studies, tions, he acquired an intimate acquaintwhich he had before done in his applica- ance with the German language, which he tion to scholastic learning; and at the justly considered as a key to all Pbilonext public examination of the College, logical inquiries connected with our own when the highest honours were awarded literature. It is proper bere to mention to the best proficients in mathematical his great progress in many departments of investigations, connected with some of the Biblical Criticism ; his ardent admiration branches of Philosophy, he was declared of the works of many of our older Diinferior to no man of his year.—The life vines, whose lives and writings were the of a student, spent in the bosom of the constant subjects of his panegyrick. University, cannot be expected to abound In the year 1818 he was appointed with incidents fit to be recorded in this Senior Moderator of the University. No place. Many anecdotes of private worth, one was better qualified for undertaking and of successful application in the se- the arduous duty of determining the reverest departments of abstract science, spective merits of those who were candimight indeed be mentioned; but it is dates for the public honours of the Senate not now considered necessary to intrude House. Unfortunately, however, a de. them on the public.

clining state of health, probably brought In the year 1810, he proceeded to the on by long.continued intemperate study, degree of B. A. and on that occasion induced him to relinquish the appointgained the Mathematical honour of Sixth ment, and commence a tour on the ConWrangler : a very high distioction, es- tinent. Until his strength was worn down pecially in the estimation of those who by sickness, he did not for a moment lose knew with what ardour he bad cultivated sight of the objects to which he had demany departments of aptient learning. voted himself; continuing to accumulate

While Mr. Ashbridge continued to re- materials for a philological work on the side in Trinity College, almost all the early history of the Latin Language, and ordinary subjects of literature and science to make himself acquainted with the Teuin turn occupied his attention. Philolo- tonic dialects of modern Europe. He ar


rived at Naples in the month of June his character, and showed the error of an 1819. Though in a state which indicated opinion, that he was without personal a great exhaustion of body and of spirits, courage. - He eminently possessed the he was still able to join in social inter- power of engaging female affection; and course with a small circle of friends, among had formed a tender friendship with the whom he was fortunate in being able to frail, but beautiful Madame Cabarus, so count the names of two distinguished celebrated in the Revolutionary History; scholars of his own country, Mr. Elmsly but, at the period iu question, mutual and Mr. Matthias. From these Gentle. jealousy had interrupted their attachment. men he received the most kind and un- She was thrown into a dungeon by order remitted attentions at a time when the of Robespierre; and, when it was con. offices of friendship were most wanted. ceived she had been sufficiently terrified The unfavourable symptoms, to which we by imprisonment, and the prospect of the have before alluded, were, after some guillotine, she was offered life and liberty time, succeeded by a low fever, against if she would betray the councils of Tallien, which he was never able completely to and enable his enemies to ruin him. Alrally, and by which he was in a few though her lover bad been faithless, and weeks brought down to the lowest state had deserted her, she refused the offer of debility. Not long before his disso- with indignation : and, with great diffi. lution, a slight change in the symptoms culty, had the following letter conveyed of his illness gave a momentary gleam to him : of hope to his friends. He attempted, “ The Minister of Police has announced during that interval, to write a letter to

to me that to-morrow I am to appear at bis sister; but his strength failed him be

the Tribunal,- that is to say, I am to asfore he could complete it. A short time

cend the scaffold. I dreamt last night afterwards, the hand of Death put an end

that Robespierre was no more; and that to the kind hopes of those who were about

my prison doors were opened. A brave him, and shut out his earthly prospects man might have realized my dream; but, for ever.

thanks to your notorious cowardice, no It is unnecessary now to enlarge on the

one remains who is capable of its accompremature loss which the public has sus

plishment.” tained ; a loss which those only can appreciate who were formerly acquainted

Tallien answered merely -" Be pruwith the subject of this short memoir. In

dent, as I shall prove brave ; and, above contemplating their irreparable loss, there

all, be tranquil.” are many topics of consolation to which The next day he hurried to the Trihis nearest friends will long be happy to bunal, and, regardless of danger, accused turn their thoughts. During his lingering the miscreant Robespierre in his own preillness he received the most unbounded sence. The eloquence of Tallien had alproofs of kindness from those by whom ways been commanding and impressive; he was attended. Nor were the consola. but on this occasion, it was compared to tions of religion withheld from him. They the impetuous Rowing of a river, whose were daily and affectionately administered course had been prematurely stopped. by the Rev. Mr. Turner, the English He pourtrayed the vices of Robespierre Chaplain at Naples, to whom the rela. and his companions : the cruelty and the tions of Mr. Ashbridge owe a deep and other excesses of their Government, which Jasting debt of gratitude.

had deprived France of her most illustrious citizens. Then, taking a dagger

from his bosom, he rushed towards the JEAN LAMBERT Tallien.

statue of Brutus, his own immortal proThe most memorable event in the life totype; and swore, that he himself would of Tallien (whose death was noticed in stáb the tyrant to the heart, if his cousp. 447) which will record his name with

trymeu did not deliver themselves from honour, even to the latest ages, was his their disgraceful bondage. His language, being the immediate cause of the down- his action, and his animated eye, were fall of Robespierre, who, bý a series of irresistible ; for they recalled the Roman political intrigue, had, obtained the reins

hero to the minds of all the auditors. Ro. of power, and preserved them by the most bespierre was astounded, and attempted outrageous cruelty. Tallien observed the

to defend himself. The moment was criwanton violence of the Government; and tical; the life of Tallien hung upon a determined to relieve his country from thread; but his eloquence prevailed, and the tyranny which disgraced it. He wish- the tribunal regained its lost character. ed to accomplish his object in the ordi- The tyrant was sent to the scaffold; Manary course of political change ; but the dame Cabarus and other intended victims following accident impelled him to a more were saved, and the reign of terror was decided conduct; evinced the ardour of abolished.


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