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board, and the Doctor wanted to give him some physic, and he would not take it; and afterwards he used to laugh at the Doctor and ridicule him in this dance.There was nothing indecent in this dance more than in a Spanish bolero, or in the negro dance. Evidence was adduced in contradiction of the story told by one of the witnesses against the Queen, respecting the Adam and Eve scene in the Grotto at Villa d'Este. It was asserted, that those figures were not visible to a person standing in the position which the witness stated himself to have occupied; and that, in fact, they had been removed to another part of the building, and the whole of the alterations in the Grotto completed, 10 days prior to the return of the Princess from her Levant voyage.-Giuseppe Gaotiuo, master mason at the Villa d'Este, atrested to the becoming conduct of her Majesty.
Saturday, Oct. 14.
This day, Mr. Powell, of the Milan Commission, Assistant Solicitor to the Agents for the Bill, who had admitted the day before that he had sent off Rastelli, although he had been present in the House when an order was made that none of the witnesses should be sent out of the country, was further examined as to the circumstances under which Ras
telli was sent off. Besides the object of quieting the fears of the friends of the Italian witnesses, it appeared from Mr. Powell's evidence, that Rastelli was also sent as a courier, to get some papers legalized which were to be produced in support of the Bill of Pains and Penalties.Mr. Planta, of the Foreign Office, was subsequently examined as to the passport granted to Rastelli.
The examination of the witnesses for the Defence having been resumed, Felippe Pomi, who has lived for several years at the Barona, deposed to his having been tampered with by Rastelli, to induce him to appear against her Majesty. Rastelli visited the place in company with Demont, and commenced his practices upon Pomi with giving him a gratuity of 40 francs. It was proposed to examine the witness as to similar offers having been made to him by a person named Ruganti; but this was objected to.
Monday, Oct. 16.
Mr. Brougham proceeded with his evidence in contradiction of Rastelli. The examination of the witness Pomi was frequently interrupted by the objections of the Attorney and Solicitor General, as to the declarations of Ruganti; and, in general, the House decided in favour of the objections taken by the Learned Counsel. Tuesday and Wednesday, Oct. 17 and 18.
The proceedings were exclusively confined to a discussion as to the admissi
bility of evidence respecting acts of corruption alleged to have been committed by Vilmarcati and Ruganti. Two questions on this subject were referred to the Judges.
Thursday, Oct. 19.
The opinion of the Judges as to the evidence offered with regard to Ruganti and Vilmareati, was adverse to its admissibility, under the ordinary rules of evidence observed in the Courts below, ia cases of a criminal prosecution. With regard to the question proposed, as to general evidence of a conspiracy, which might, in its results, implicate a principal agent, the Judges were of opinion, that such evidence would be admitted in the Courts below, under a strong probability of the conspiracy being ultimately so brought home.
Pomarti, clerk to Codazzi, her Majesty's Advocate, deposed to having, at different times, furtively supplied Vilmarcati with papers relative to her Majesty's affairs; that the last paper he so furnished was a list of the witnesses for her Majesty's defence; and that he had, at various times, been rewarded for his corrupt services. He further stated, that, having confessed his iniquity, he had been turned off by Codazzi, and that he now spontaneously came forward to give evidence, as the only means in his power of compensating for the injury which her Majesty might have sustained from his infamous breach of trust. Another witness, Antonio Maoni, was examined as to further alleged corrupt proceedings on the part of the Milan Commission, or its agents.
Friday and Saturday, Oct. 20, and 21.
The chief part of Friday was consumed in discussing points as to the mode of future proceeding on the subject of the Bill of Pains and Penalties. The Judges having decided that evidence as to the declarations of Sacchi could not be received unless Sacchi was first called back, and Mr. Brougham now declining to call him, he closed for the present this head of defence. The Marquis of Lansdown proposed that their Lordships should direct Mr. Powell to produce the correspondence between himself and Col. Browne, on the subject of Rastelli's mission, when a division took place, and the motion for the production of the papers, and referring them to a Select Committee, was carried. After some further discussion as to points of form, Mr. Brougham called Colonel Oliviere, who for some time was joint Chamberlain to her Majesty with Bergami; his examination occupied the remainder of the day. The testimony of this gentleman confirmed the assertion of Carlo Forti as to his having been the cou
nous and energetic Speech. He took a comprehensive view of all the evidence produced against her Majesty, which he completely dissected, without leaving a single accusation unnoticed. He commented with great asperity on the evidence of Majocchi, Demont, and Sacchi, and animadverted with considerable feeling on the ingratitude experienced by her Majesty from several of her domestics.
Dr. Lushington also made an able Speech on Thursday, in defence of his illustrious client. He embraced a variety of topics of considerable interest, that had been but slightly touched by her Majesty's preceding advocates. And here Mr. Brougham declared the Defence of her Majesty to be closed.
The Duchess de Berri was safely delivered on the morning of the 29th ult. of a son. Her Royal Highness was almost alone when she gave birth to a Prince, presumptive heir to the throne, in ample gratification of the anxious wishes of the Royal Family of France. The event was announced by the firing of artillery; and in the morning the King received the congratulations of the Princes and Princesses of his family, the Ministers, Marshals, &c. The crowd was immense. His Majesty repaired to the chapel to hear mass. On coming out he appeared at the balcony, and was saluted with cries of "Vive le Roi!"The young Prince will be called Henry Charles Ferdinand, Dieu Donne, Duke of Bourdeaux, &c. He is well-formed and healthy, and, with the Duchess, doing well.
The Session of the States General of the Netherlands was opened on the 11th inst. by a speech from the Throne; in which the King informed them, that a Treaty had been concluded with the British Goverument, prolonging for five years the liberty granted by a former Convention to Dutch subjects trading to Berbice, Dema. rara, and Essequibo; and that the Turkish Government had recognized the antient rights of the Dutch to navigate the Black Sea.
The intelligence from Naples states, that the Parliament of that kingdom assembled on the 23d ult. and was the same day addressed by the Minister of the Interior, in a speech declaratory of the patriotic intentions of the King and the Prince. An extraordinary Session was held on the Ist. inst. in a sacred edifice.
The King and the Prince Royal were present; and his Majesty, after renewing his oath, caused a speech, addressed to the Deputies, to be read, in which he declared his wish that the Prince should continue to hold the reins of Government. The Prince is said to have made a reply so pathetic as to have drawn tears of joy from all the auditors. His Majesty and the Prince, on their way to and from the Parliament, and in the midst of that body, were hailed with heartfelt acclamations.
A Military Commission, charged with the trial of some galley slaves who had attempted to break out of prison at Civita Vecchia, has condemned thirty to death, and fourteen to hard labour for life.
SPAIN AND PORTUGAL.
The Spanish Cortes go boldly and steadily on in the grand work of regenerating their country; their efforts to do away certain antient, but pernicious, distinctions, in the conditions of the Nobles and Clergy, have hitherto been successful; and public credit and confidence revive both at home and abroad.
In a debate on the Liberty of the Press, several Deputies urged the necessity of establishing Juries.
The Cortes appear to be extremely hostile to that portion of the establishment of the Church of Rome, which, in other days, was regarded not only as its proudest ornament, but as its best and surest protection-decus atque tutamen→→ we mean the fraternities of the military orders and the regular clergy. In the sitting of the 9th ult. the orders of the Monks, the Convents, aud the Colleges of the military orders of Saint John of Jerusalem, of Saint John of God, and the Commanders Hospitalers, were suppressed; pensions for life assigned to the mem
bers of these bodies; the regular clergy subjected to their diocesan Bishops, and their properties confiscated to the purposes of the State.-The committee appointed to consider the rewards to be granted to General Quiroga's troops have reported that the promises held out to them ought to be fulfilled; and the Cortes have agreed, "That in the space of two years, reckoning from the present time, the army now in service shall be disbanded. That the soldiers who shall prove eight years service shall receive ten acres of land, taken from the waste grounds, and also 1000 reals; for 15 years service, 15 acres and 1200 reals; for 20 years, 40 acres of land and 6000 reals. That these advantages shall be common to those who have embraced the cause of the country in uniting with the national army, or who may have in other instances adopted the same party. That the widows and children of those who perished in the cause shall share the same advantage."
The intelligence from Spain contains an account of the total demolition of the ecclesiastical conspiracy of Burgos against the Constitutional Authority. It has been torn up by the very roots. A Curate, named Barrio, was the leading instigator, An attempt was made to work upon the superstition of the peasants by displaying banners inscribed with religious hieroglyphics, similar to those which were borne before the Crusaders; but the Curate Barrio was not so successful as Peter the Hermit in making the sacred name of religion the cause of a desolating excitement. He, and men like him, mistake the age in which they live; and look backward, while the world is going on. The very peasants, on whose supposed aptitude for becoming the dupes of priestly imposition the hopes of malcontents were built, assisted in delivering them up to justice. The Apostolic Junta, as it absurdly called itself, of Burgo d'Osina, is in safe custody.
Late accounts from Spain state, that General Riego, the father of the Revolution, has incurred the displeasure of the Cortes, been deprived of his government of Galicia, and sent in exile to Oviedo. The Governor of Madrid, Velasco, has been also exiled from the capital; as well as all the principal leaders of the club of Fontana de Oro.
The first means which Spain proposes for relief from her financial embarrassments are, economy and retrenchment.The existing taxes are to remain for the current year, but a new finance plan is to commence in the ensuing one; yet, as a relief to the people, one half of the direct taxes are to be taken off; and, to cover this deficit, a loan of two millions sterling is to be negociated.
The French papers bring intelligence, that the military at Lisbon had, on the 16th ult. declared unanimously in favour of the insurrection of Oporto.
On the 1st. inst. the Provisional Government arrived at Lisbon from Oporto, and was instantly united to that appointed at Lisbon. There was nothing to be heard but acclamations-nothing to be seen but illuminations, and other demonstrations of joy. On the 5th 10,000 more troops arrived at Lisbon from the Northern Provinces. GERMANY.
The last accounts from Germany state, that the Emperor Francis has declared, in a a long note to the Sovereigns of the Holy Alliance, that his object in assembling a military force in Italy is, to establish order there, and protect the Pope; to suffer the Revolutionists in Naples being incompatible with the public tranquillity. The Emperor, it is added, recommends the extirpation of all secret societies.
The Vienna accounts state, that the interview of the Sovereigns was to take place at Troppan, on the 29th instant; and that the Ministers of France and England will be admitted, but no other.
The Count Galowkin, the Russian Ambassador at the Court of Vienna, has refused passports to the Prince Cimitille, the Neapolitan Ambassador.
There exists at this time, in Bohemia, in the lordship of Wettingan, the domain of Prince Schwartzenberg, a colouy of beavers, settled on the river Goldbach; the industry of these yields in nothing to that of their brethren which inhabit the great rivers and lakes of North America. The abundance of willows which adorn the banks of this river, furnishes them with both food and dwelling: in summer they eat the leaves, and in winter the branches. That the beaver was formerly an inhabitant of Europe, appears evident, from the numerous traces of beaver dams which are still remaining in various parts. It has long been questioned, whether the original race was extinct in Germany, as appearances of their excursions were noticeable from time to time; but our au. thority for the present article does not go so far as to determine that these on the estate of Prince Schwartzenberg are of the indigenous breed; they may be mo. dern importations, like those of the late Sir Joseph Banks into England where they are novelties, although they were antiently even numerous in our Island, and were also inhabitants of Ireland, where some of their constructions still remain. The creature is well known in the Welsh language, under the name of "fish-tail animal," a very descriptive appellation: many astonishing tales of other times announce its wonderful powers and proper
ties; and it still forms the crest of an antient coat of arms. The animals common to America and to Europe are so few, that every instance capable of verification becomes interesting to the naturalist, and not less to the philosophical historian, as evincing the connexion and communication between the old and the new Continent, in ages past.
Extract of a letter, dated Corfu, Sept. 2, 1820.-" On Monday last Prevesa was surrendered to the forces of the Grand Seignor by Veli Pacha, second son of Ali Pacha, who went on board of the Turkish Admiral's ship, and surrendered himself: they say, that both he and Meemet Pacha, his younger brother, who commanded at Parga, have been sent prisoners to Con. stantinople. Pashie Bey is also said to have entered Janina at the head of 12,000 troops, and that Ali Pacha had retired into a fortress with only 500 men, who were all that had remained faithful to him. His death or capture is daily expected. "According to accounts from Constantinople, the Sultan has declared the various territories which Ali Pacha had successively added to his Pachalic to be restored to their original political condition, and to be free from any taxes or contributions for the period of three years.-In consequence of this intelligence, the Parquinote emigrants who remain here have sent a deputation to Constantinople, to solicit the restitution of their territory."
Since receiving the above, accounts have been forwarded of Ali Pacha's surrender. RUSSIA.
The Emperor of Russia arrived at Warsaw on the 27th of August.
The Emperor's Speech on opening the Diet of Poland, on the 13th of September, is interesting, as it conveys the sentiments of so powerful a Monarch upon the events which have recently occurred in the South of Europe, and communicates the principles which govern his own conduct as the head of a representative government. It also puts an end to all speculation upon the probable re-establishment of Poland as an independent kingdom; for the Emperor tells the Diet, that Poland is bound for ever to Russia.
Letters from the Grand Duchy of Posen state, that the wolves multiply there in a dreadful manner. In the circle of Wongrowic, during the last year, the wolves devoured 16 children and three aged persons. Last month six children met with the same fate in that unfortuate circle, and several persons were wounded.
The population of Russia, according to the last census, amounted to 53,316,707 inhabitants. The population of the kingdom of Poland is 2,732,324.
Dispatches have been received from Persia, which, it is stated, announce to Ministers the intrigues of the Russian agents in that country, and indicate the designs of the Court of Petersburgh. The regular army of Russia now in Georgia, and on the line of the Caucasus, is upwards of 100,000 men; and the Russians have taken possession of a place on the Caspian Sea, near Asterabad. It is added, the footing they have obtained is so firm, that they no longer consider it necessary to disguise their projects. The Russian Charge d'Affaires, at a dinner which he gave to British officers in the Persian service, said openly, that General Yarmaloff, Governor-general in Georgia, would be in Tabries in less than four months; after which he asked, What there was to stop them till they came to the Indies?
Accounts from Bombay of the 11th of March are interesting, The objects of the expedition on the Arabian side of the Persian Gulph have succeeded beyond expectation, by the entire demolition of the numerous piratical ports, their shipping, &c.
At the date of the late dispatch, the defences of the deserted town of El Humra were standing; but it was the intention of Sir W. G. Keir to demolish them, and thus complete the destruction of every tower on the coast, except those occupied by our troops in Rhazel Khyma and its vicinity.
Advices from Bombay mention an insurrection having broke out at Kutch, one of the provinces ceded to the British since the Nepaul war. Several regiments bad marched to that quarter, and there had been some skirmishing; but the idea that the rising had been excited by the influence of Russian agents, though prevalent in this country, does not seem to have been entertained in our Indian possessions.
INTELLIGENCE FROM VARIOUS
PARTS OF THE COUNTRY.
The Duke of Sussex has appointed Lord Ebrington Provincial Grand Master of the Freemasons' Lodges of Devonshire; and his Lordship is to be installed at Exeter.
The endowed Grammar-school at Taunton, which has been held as a sinecure for the last 25 years, is about to be restored as an efficient Seminary for the children of the townsmen, under the care and management of the assistant preacher of the parish.
Mr. Serjeant Vaughan has resigned the Recordership of the Borough of Leicester, which he held for the last 22 years.
The Merchants of Liverpool are now embarking with great spirit in the New South Shetland Fishery.
Several sharks, about eight feet in length, have recently made their appearance on the Essex coast; a circumstance not remembered by the oldest seaman.
A Committee of Ladies has been formed at Nottingham, to visit the prisons, upon the plan recommended by the philanthropic Mrs. Fry.
The Cambrian, Johnson, arrived at Hull from Davis's Straits, reports a belief that the Discovery Ships have effected a passage through Lancaster Sound: the Cambrian was 80 miles up the Sound: Captain Johnson found a large swell and the wind strong against him; the sea was quite clear of ice; the sides of the Sound were about 20 miles apart at the highest point he reached; he could see 20 miles, or thereabouts, further up, and there was no appearance of land or any obstruction. The Truelove, another whaler, has been to 80 degrees North latitude, which is higher than Capt. Ross went.
Epitaph on the late Mr. Rose.In the parish church Christ Church, Hants, at about eight feet from the pavement of the Church, under an elegant Gothic arch at the Western end of the Countess of Salisbury's Chapel, is placed the following Epitaph:
"In the Vault beneath are deposited the mortal remains of the Right Honourable GEORGE ROSE, one of the Committee of his Majesty's Council for Affairs of Trade and Foreign Plantations; Treasurer of the Navy; and in six successive Parliaments one of the Representatives of this Borough, who, on the 13th of Ja nuary, 1818, in the 74th year of his age, in the Faith of Christ, and in charity with all mankind, concluded a life, the whole of which was the continued and strenuous
effort of an ardent and powerful mind to promote the welfare of the State, and the happiness of his fellow-creatures."
The above Inscription is in letters of cast brass, which project from the surface of a dark grey marble slab.
Oct. 3. This morning his Majesty disembarked at West Cowes. The Royal barge, which bore the King to the shore, was attended by the six-oared boats of the ships of the squadron, and about a hundred pilot and local boats, all dressed with appropriate colours; and, on his Majesty's approach to the shore, the fort fired a Royal salute. The King was conducted to his newly-purchased residence by Gen. the Hon. Sir Edw. Paget, Lord Grantham, the Hon. Berkeley Paget, Geo. Ward, esq. John Nash, esq. and several other gentlemen; and, after inspecting its state and accommodations, returned to the landing-place, and re-embarked in the Royal barge for the yacht. Soon after the Royal yacht and squadron got under weigh for Spithead, and took a short cruise till five o'clock, when they returned to Cowes Roadstead, and a select party dined on board.-On the 4th inst. at 12 o'clock, the whole of the vessels, including the Royal yacht, anchored at Spithead ; when a deputation of gentlemen proceeded on board the latter, with an Address to his Majesty from the inhabitants of the town of Portsmouth, offering the renewed assurance of their attachment to his Majesty's person and government. After having returned an answer, his Majesty conferred the honour of Knighthood on G. Garrett, esq. who headed the deputation. -At six o'clock his Majesty received a number of officers to dinner.
Oct. 5. An Address from Ryde was presented to his Majesty by a deputation on board the Royal George yacht. The deputation were most graciously received. -His Majesty soon after left for Brighton.
Oct. 11. Thomas Morrin, a turnkey of the Gaol of Dumfries, was inhumanly murdered by David Hoggart, one of the prisoners. David Hoggart contrived to secrete in his cellar a large stone; this he put into a bag; and as Morrin was leaving the cell, after having brought the daily allowance of food, Hoggart struck him over the head with the stone in the bag, which felled him to the ground, and then the wretch made his escape from the prison. Morrin was soon after discovered by one of the turnkeys; he was quite senseless; the blood had flowed copiously from his head, which was lacerated in the most