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but all their efforts, all their struggles, were without success. It is needless to add, that the gentlemen lost almost all the instruments with which they were provided, and that they returned to Geneva in a state of consternation, after having seen the men who served them as guides so awfully perish."
A singular and appalling suicide was committed in Paris on Sept. 7. A man, who with others was looking at the bear called Martin, in the King's Garden, availed himself of a moment when the keeper turned his back, and jumped into the den: he was instantly torn in pieces, and almost wholly devoured by the ferocious animal,
Accounts from Spain state, that the attempt of the Ministers to disband the army at Cadiz produced a great sensation at Madrid. Riego, its Chief, having, as is already known, remonstrated with the King and Cortes against the order, afterwards repaired to Madrid; and having first had a conference with Ferdinand, he afterwards appeared in the balcony of the inn at which he lodged, and told an immense concourse of the people that he had come to Madrid for the purpose of clearing up the character of himself and the army, which had been falsely accused of entertaining a desire to injure the cause they had made such sa
crifices to sustain.
The Cortes have again abolished the order of the Jesuits, and are considering a proposition for introducing the Trial by Jury.
The Pope has refused his consent to the secularization of Church property in Spain.
A Proclamation of the European Government of Portugal announces the existence of a military insurrection at Oporto. On the 24th ult. the whole garrison of Oporto declared for a new Supreme Government, and demanded a national Cortes.
The following is the Proclamation issued to the soldiery by the leaders of this Revolution:
Oporto, in a Military Council, Aug. 24, 1820. "SOLDIERS!-Our sufferings shall cease. The country in fetters, and your cousideration lost, our sacrifices are in vain. The Portuguese soldier almost reduced to asking alms. Soldiers! This is the moment! Let us fly to the salvation of the country-let us fly to our own salvation-Comrades!-Follow me! Let us go with our brothers in arms to organize a Provisional Government. Let it call the Cortes to make a Constitution, for the want of which is the origin of all our evils. It is unnecessary to explain them,
for each of you feel them. It is in the name of our august Sovereign Don John the VIth that the country shall be governed; our holy religion shall be observed, as our efforts are pure and virtuous. God will bless them, the soldiers who compose the brave Portuguese army will hasten to embrace our cause, since it is equally their own. Soldiers force is on our side; we must therefore avoid disorder. If the country owes its salvation to each of us, the nation likewise owes to us its security and tranquillity. Confide in a Chief who never taught you but the paths of honour. Soldiers! You must not measure the magnitude of this cause by the simplicity of our discourse; learned men will explain, at a future day, this fact better than a thousand victories. Let us sanctify this day; and henceforth let the cry of our hearts be-Live the King Don John VI.! Live the Portuguese Army! Live the Cortes! and, with them, the National Constitution !"
Letters from Oporto of the 2d inst. state, that the Provisional Government had called on the Custom-house to furnish them with all the money they possessed, which was complied with. It was rumoured at Oporto, that the principal people in Lisbon objected to the Government remaining in the hands of the New Junta of Oporto, which was believed.
In consequence of the uncertain state of affairs at Lisbon, the British Government has ordered a squadron to sail for that port, to give every facility to such of our countrymen as may feel disposed to ship themselves or their property.
Intelligence from Oporto, dated the 31st ult. states, that all the Northern provinces had declared for the new Constitution. A body of troops, who were marching towards Oporto, under the command of Marshal Pamplona, having, when they reached Aviero, learnt the occurrences which had then taken place, deserted their Commander, and made the best of their way to Oporto, where they joined the Patriots. The Provisional Junta had issued a Manifesto, setting forth the manifold grievances under which the country has so long laboured, and justifying the attempt to redress them, by introducing a better form of government.
By accounts from Lisbon, of the 9th inst. we learn that a general insurrection of the inhabitants of that Capital had ensued: the whole was done without bloodshed.
Accounts have been received from Naples and Sicily of a very gloomy complexion. In Sicily, the people of several towns had risen against each other, and much blood had been shed. In Naples, the Carbonari were for establishing a va
riety of Independent Repnblics; such as, the Apuleian Republic, the Republic of the Samnites, &c.
The Authorities at Venice threaten those who join the Carbonari with death; and such as conceal a knowledge of their proceedings with perpetual imprisonment.
A frightful conflagration, which began on the 22d of July, was on the 10th of August still laying waste the huge forests which crown the Appennines, in the vicinity of the Fondi. The conflagration has even extended beyond that territory, and especially into that of St. Andre, along the consular road through the territory of Serraglione and of Selsa.
A letter from Palermo says, "That the academy of that city had sent some persons to Mount Etna, who affirm that, while they stood on the crater of that volcano, they heard from it the thunder of the late eruption of Mount Vesuvius ; which gives room to conjecture, that these two volcanoes have subterraneous communication with each other."
According to the French Papers, the news from Naples most deplorable. There had been a duel between a Priest and a Military man, in which the former was killed, and the latter mortally wounded. The clubs were in full activity, and had already brought accusations against several Ministers. They pretend that the King should no longer have a private guard; but one composed from among the troops of the line. In Sicily affairs are in a still more violent state. All communication between Palermo and Messina was interdicted. The former city has on foot a considerable armament.
At Girgento, in Sicily, there are immense wells dug out of the rock for the purpose of keeping grain for the use of the troops and inhabitants during the late Revolution in Sicily the King's troops of the abovementioned garrison seized the convicts, about 300 in number, and lowered them down in these empty fosses, as they are called, where, from the excessive heat, numbers were suffocated, and others, in desperation, destroyed each other. There could have been no real necessity for this horrid way of sacrificing the poor wretches, as they were strongly ironed, and in the midst of a garrison of near 3,000 men.
The Emperor Alexander has, by an Imperial mandate, granted a considerable portion of land on the banks of the Azoph to converted Jews, exempting them from taxes and military service, and assuring them of his royal favour and protection; M. Moritz, a converted Jew, is appoint. ed Spiritual Superintendant of the colony. More than sixty families have already, it is said, resorted there.
A report has been spread by the foreign journals, that in a sanguinary Revolution at Constantinople, one-fifth of the population has perished.
We learn with concern, that the horrible traffick of the Slave Trade is carried on at the Havannah as freely as ever, and is not likely to be suppressed, or at all diminished, the profits are so great. We understand that we have a very intelligent Commissioner there from this country, a barrister by profession, to check its progress; but the traders in the monstrous practice are too experienced in the villainy, and too cunning in their opérations to fear detection.
A Society has been formed in the Republic of Hayti, for the purpose of aiding the free people of colour in the United States in removing to and settling in that island. The society is sanctioned by the President.
The New York Evening Post of August 4, contains the following advertisement :— "Twenty dollars for a negro's head. gro Dick ran away in March last from Mr. B. P. Wells. He now belongs to me; and as I have sent word to him to come in, and he will not do so, I will give ten dollars for him if brought alive, or twenty dollars for his head alone. Any person is at liberty to shoot or maim Dick in any way they please, while he is run away!!! (Signed) James Morgan, Murfreesborough, July 29th, 1820."
From South America, there are some appearances of a pacification between the Spanish General Morillo and the Congress of Venezuela. In the night of the 7th of July a Courier was received from that General at Guayana, where they were sitting, in which he stated that he had made the same communication to Bolivar, the President of the Republick, and the VicePresident of Cundinamarea. He proposes an armistice preparatory to a negociation; for which purpose he has nominated two persons to treat with the Congress. On the 10th the Congress met to consider the proposal; and, with open doors, it was unanimously resolved, that the acknowledgment of the absolute independence of the Republick, could be the only basis of negociation.
such voyages, and in lat. 62. 30. and 60. West long. discovered land. As circumstances would not admit of a close examination, he returned to Buenos Ayres; and having again departed from thence for Valparaiso in February last, he resolved to devote as much time to the purpose as was consistent with his primary object, a safe and successful voyage.-He ran in a Westward direction along the coasts, either of a continent or numerous islands, for two or three hundred miles, forming large bays, and abounding with the spermaceti whale, seals, &c. He took numerous soundings and bearings, draughts, and chart of the coast; and, in short, did every thing that the most experienced Navigator, dispatched purposely for the object of making a survey, could do. He even landed, and in the usual manner took possession of the country for his So
vereign, and named his acquisition New South Shetland. The climate was temperate, the coast mountainous, apparently uninhabited, but not destitute of vegetation, as firs and pines were observable in many places; in short, the country had upon the whole the appearance of the coast of Norway. After having satisfied himself with every particular that timeand circumstances permitted him to examine, he bore away to the North and pursued his voyage.-On his arrival at Valparaiso he communicated his discovery to Capt. Sherriff, of his Majesty's ship Andromache, and a fully detailed narrative was forwarded to Government.-The Conway sloop sailed lately for the South Seas; and it is not improbable but that she is intended to take a survey of the newly-discovered country.
INTELLIGENCE FROM VARIOUS
PARTS OF THE COUNTRY. Aug. 24. An unfortunate accident occurred at Margate, in the passage of the Eclipse steam-packet from London to that place by some misfortune, a boat containing a respectable elderly gentleman, named Griffiths, and the proprietor, a sailor named Jennings, brought up directly in the way of the vessel, which was proceeding at her full powers. Captain Jones immediately directed the engineer to stop the works, but unfortunately the vessel at her speed could not be so easily stopped, and made directly on the miserable bark, which was borne down instantly. Jennings had three ribs broken, and the gentleman suffered a fracture of the thigh and other injuries, from which he is since dead.
Aug. 25. A Meeting of the Merchants, &c. of Birmingham, was held at the Public Office in that town, J. Scholefield, esq. High Bailiff, in the Chair, for the purpose of hearing a Report and petitioning Parliament upon the general distress now prevailing in that town. The Low Bailiff, T. Ryland, esq. in a speech which duced a very impressive effect upon his hearers, stated, that a Committee had made a survey of the town, for the purpose of discovering its real condition; and among other melancholy particulars resulting from their enquiries, were the foflowing: The publicans, he said, stated, that one-third of their number had lost half of their business; and that not only was the quantity of ale and beer reduced, but now, so impoverished were their customers, that where seven-penny ale had been called for, they now sold four-penny,
and where they had sold a quart they now sold only one pint. The butchers, on being interrogated, said, they had lost full one-third of their former business, and, among the labouring classes, more than one-half. Respectable housekeepers, who formerly had their regular joints of meat, were now reduced to buy pounds and half pounds. As for the poorer classes, they were obliged to purchase chiefly beeves' liver, in pennyworths and twopennyworths; and in truth, there was great importunity on the part of the poor for what, time back, would have been eaten only by the inferior animals; so that now, instead of rejecting beeves' liver, one butcher said, if a whole animal were liver, he thought it would be sold instead of better meat. The grocers described themselves to be in the same situation as the publicans and butchers; and the hucksters declared themselves almost in a ruined state, from the obligation under which they lay of giving credit. Cheese, instead of being sold in pounds, was now vended chiefly in ounces, and bread by penny and twopenny slices. The pawnbrokers stated, that many persons who felt obliged from circumstances to keep up appearances, were driven to the hard necessity of pledging their linen and other articles to pay their poor's rates. After the Report had been read, some discussion arose on the cause of this deep distress: after which Resolutions for a Petition to Parliament were proposed, and carried unanimously.
Aug. 30. At Glasgow, J. Wilson, convicted for high treason, was executed in front of the New Gaol. The prisoner, when he came on the platform, was loudly
cheered by the mob, as he was when he fell, with loud cries of "Murder!" and hisses. He fell at three o'clock, and was much convulsed. While hanging, blood appeared at his ears through the cap. half-past three he was taken down, and the head was cut off, the body lying on the coffin. The man in the mask was sabuted by hisses and cries of "Murder!" The head was cut off at one blow, and held up as usual.
At the bottom of a wood belonging to W. Turton, esq. of Knowlton, in Flintshire, is a rill of water, which empties itself into the river Dee; and when a person strides across it, he is in the kingdom of England and the Principality of Wales; in the Provinces of Canterbury and York; and the dioceses of Chester, and Lichfield and Coventry; in the counties of Flint and Salop; in two townships; and in the grounds of Mr. Turton and his neighbour.
The Rev. Henry Heap, the present Vicar of Bradford, in Yorkshire, upon his entering on the Living, sent word to all his parishioners who are Quakers, that he should never enforce his right of tithes from them; adding, that " what they could not conscientiously pay, he could not conscientiously receive."
Dr. Coppleston, Provost of Oriel College, Oxford, has lately presented Mr. Henry Lee, Manager of the Theatre, Taunton, with a Bust of Gay, modelled from the one on the Poet's Monument in Westminster Abbey. It is intended as a compliment to Mr. Lee, for the zeal he has displayed in editing the recentlydiscovered posthumous MSS. under the title of "Gay's Chair." (See Part I. p. 342.) Dr. Coppleston is himself a descendant of the family.
Mrs. Jasper Leigh Goodwin, late of Hoddesdon, Herts, bequeathed the following sums in aid of the under-mentioned humane Institutions:-To the Clergy Orphan Society, 500-To the Bristol Infirmary, 500/-To the Asylum for Deaf and Dumb in the Kent-road, 300l.-To the Asylum for Indigent Blind, London, 3004. To the Asylum for Indigent Blind, Bristol, 200-To the College for Clergymeu's Widows, Bromley, 500/-To the Stranger's Friend Society, Bristol, 2004.To the Asylum for Poor Orphan Girls, Bristol, 2007.-To the Marine Hospital, London, 300/-To the Mendicity Society, London, 100%.
A writer in a Liverpool Paper makes mention of the following very simple method of preserving persons in the water from drowning: Take a silk handkerchief, and, spreading it on the ground, place a hat in the centre, with the crown upwards, in the ordinary position of wearing, and gather up the corners, giving them a twist to keep them more securely together.
The person may then venture into the water without being in any fear of the drowning person taking hold of him, as the quantity of air contained in the hat is sufficient to support two persons; or it might be advisable to place the corners of the handkerchief into the hand of the person drowning, who would be thus kept floating, and easily conveyed to the side.
Accounts have been received in Edinburgh from a gentleman attached to the Arctic land expedition, dated in January last, at which period the party were in comfortable winter-quarters at Cumberland Cove. The cold was very severe, the thermometer standing in 30 degrees below Zero; but, owing to the dryness of the atmosphere, it was not so unpleasant as the cold wet weather in England. The rivers and lakes abounded with fish of various kinds, particularly trout of a very large size, and the hunters brought moose deer and buffaloes from the woods; so that there was no scarcity of provisions at the station they occupied. It was intended to proceed to the Northward as soon as the season would permit; and, having the whole summer before them, they expected to make great progress in their journey; but owing to the great distance to the supposed Northern shores, it is probable that it would take them the greatest part of the next summer to make any very extensive survey of the coast.
Sept. 1. An order for the release of Sir Manasseh Lopez was received at the Devon County Gaol on Friday evening. He was sentenced in the Court of King's Bench, on the 19th of November last, to two years imprisonment, nearly fifteen months of which have been remitted.
Sept. 6. The brewhouse and storerooms of Mr. Tamplin, of Southwick, near Brighton, together with all the beer in the latter, were consumed by fire. Damage supposed to be 10,000l. and all uninsured. Sept. 7. As John Cole, formerly a schoolmaster of Fingringhoe, in Essex. who is now in the 66th year of his age, was sitting with others, in a field belonging to Mr. Elijah Clarke, farmer, of that parish, while viewing the late Eclipse of the Sun with his right eye, he being stone. blind of the left, partially shaded by his hand, his left eye was instantly restored to sight, and he can now see with it as perfectly as he did thirty years ago.
Sept. 8. Baird and Hardie, convicted of high treason, as being found in arms at Bonnymuir, were executed at Stirling, in front of the stair leading to the townhouse. They died almost without a struggle. After hanging half an hour, Calder. the Sheriff's officer, came forward and caught the bodies alternately, whilst the hangman cut them down. They then placed them on the scaffold, and Calder
having bared the neck to the shoulders, cutting open the coat and vest, the decapitator came forward amid execrations, hisses, and shouts of "Murder!" The mangling horrified the spectators; the heads were proclaimed; and the decapi tator quickly retreated amid loudly-expressed disapprobation.
Sept. 13 and 14. A Meeting of Welsh Bards was held at Wrexham, which was attended by all the rank, wealth, and beauty of the neighbourhood. Premiums and prizes were given for the best poems on various subjects. The Bardic Chair was won by Robert Davis of NantglynThe Silver Harp, by Richard Roberts, of Caernarvon, who was both blind and lame. Upwards of 80 compositions were sent in, many of which possessed great merit. Two essays, in the English language, by the Rev. J. W. Rees, of co. Radnor, and the Rev. J. Hughes, of co. Brecon, on Antient British History, and the Life and Character of Arthur, gained premiums. The bards and minstrels assembled in the Town Hall in the mornings, and the concerts were held at the Assembly Rooms in the evenings, which consisted chiefly of Welsh Melodies, arranged with English words. The vocal compositions were well performed by Mr. Smith of Liverpool; Mrs. Corran, Miss Hall, Master Clough, and Mr. Parry, Editor of the Welsh Melodies, under whose direction the Congress was held, and to whom the Cymmrodorien Society in Powys voted a handsome piece of plate for his zeal in the cause. Sept. 15. The first stone of a new Church at Windsor was laid, with religious and masonic ceremonies, by J. Ramsbottom, esq. M. P. as proxy for the Duke of York.
OCCURRENCES IN LONDON
The magnificent Communion-plate presented by the Pope to the New Catholic Chapel in Moorfields, was used for the first time. The chalice alone is estimated at 3000 guineas, being of pure gold, studded with pearls, diamonds, and other precious stones.
The report of the arrival of Lord Byron in Englaud turns out to be erroneous. Recent letters from his Lordship, state that he is at Ravenna.
A poor Welshman, having a wife and seven children, found a pocket-book in one of the squares at the West end of London, containing 50004. in Bank-ofEngland Notes. From the direction in the book, he returned the property to the owner, who rewarded him with 2501. and settled 5. annnally upon him.
Wednesday, Sept. 20.
At a Court of Proprietors of the Bank of England, a dividend of 5. per cent.
was declared for the half-year ending 10thOct. next. In answer to several questions on the supposed delays which have occurred in issuing the new notes, the Chairman stated, that there had been no disappointment in the progress of the plan for manufacturing the notes; a great deal of machinery was necessary, which required time to perfect, and many artists and mechanics were employed; and every body conversant in machinery must know, that some uncertainty attached in practice to the best regulations in theory; but he had the satisfaction of saying, that, though he could not name a fixed and determinate period when the new notes would be ready for circulation, yet he believed that very little time would elapse before they would be ready.
Thursday, Sept. 21.
At the Middlesex Sessions, Radical Waddington was tried for having published a libel for the purpose of exciting sedition amongst the soldiers. He pleaded his own cause, and was acquitted.
W. Holmes was also indicted on the same charge. The defendant said, he had, six weeks ago, come up to town from Lincoln to look for work, and that he had been three weeks without getting any; at length he saw persons selling papers, and, without knowing that he was doing any mischief, he joined them, and was apprehended. He had been told there was a printer's name at the end of the papers, and of course thought himself not responsible for the contents. He was found guilty, and sentenced to six month's in. prisonment in the House of Correction.
Sunday, Sept. 24.
In the Church of St. Sepulchre, Skinnerstreet, about 7 o'clock at night, a respectable looking man suddenly stood up, and vociferating some incoherent expressions, fired the contents of a pistol into the organ gallery, each side of which was crowded with charity children. A scream of horror instantly resounded from all parts, and several of the children were trampled on, and dreadfully hurt. The man was instantly secured, before he had time to discharge a second pistol, which he held in his hand. An officer conveyed him to the Compter, where he gave his name as David Kruskline. On further inquiry, it appeared that he had run away from Konigsberg, in Prussia, being then believed to be insane. At the time of firing the pistol, he threw about printed papers, containing the following words:
"The abomination of desolation spoken of by Daniel the Prophet, that he shall stand in the holy places, is the Organ; it is the kingdom of Antichrist. The Music. BABYLON the Beast. 1 * III vv* v* VI* VII