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London.--Biography of Baron C. W. Art. 11. Religious Intelligence.
Art. 12. Poetry
Art. 14. - Analecta, viz.-Inglis, on the -Anecdote of Fouche.-New Kind
nary Circumstance.-French Trans-
Art. 1. Review of Demetrius, the Hero
Art. 4. Review of Eaton's Index to the W. G. on the Salivation of Horses.-
Geology of the Northern States. · 175 Queries by the late John H. Eddy-
178 nous Productions of Pennsylvania.-
Mr. Blunt's Answer to Mr. Hitch-
the Ignition of Gun-Powder.-Staples Art. 12. Cabinet of Varieties. Anec-
Art. 1. Review of Rambles in Italy. 321 Art. 1. Review of the Literary Cha-
Art. 3. Museum of Natural History. Great Western Canal.
Art. 4. Original Communications, viz. destrian Tour.-On the Importance
Progress of the Human Mind from and Restoration of the Nose. Jour-
Art. 9. History of the British and Fo Art. 10. Cabinet of Varieties. All the
382 World a Kaleidoscope.—New Disco-
tion of the Plague in Malta.--Natural Man.-Description of Edinburgh.
of Fish.-An Old Man's Advice to a
Frederick the Great.-Memory and Art. 11. Report of Diseases.
AMERICAN MONTHLY MAGAZINE
No. I...... Vol. III.
Art. 1. ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS,
1. “ The possession of the goods way TI THERE has lately crept into our lan- altered, by the owner taking them into
guage a very uncouth and inaccu- bis own custody.” [Marshall on Insurrate form of speech, which ought, before this time, to have been made the subject 2. “ In conscquence of the king of of some authoritative critical censure. Prussia invading Saxony and Bohemia, Thus far, however, it has escaped, I be- the Aulic council voted his corduct to be lieve, all public animadversion; and it is a breach of the public peace.” (Edinb. a matter of no little surprise, that some Encylop. of the professed literati, both in Great 3. “ The secretary wearing a sword Britain and this country, are contributing and uniform, was a circumstance which to its currency by their own example. added greatly to his natural awkward. Indeed, from an inherent propensity, in ness. [Notices of Mr. Hume. our language, to that particular combina 4. “Niany valuable lives are lost, by tion of words, or mode of expression, in reason of studious men indulging too much which the fault in question always ori- in sedentary habits." (Anon. ginates, it is now becoming a character 5. “I rise in consequence of the hon. ístic blemish in many of the most respect- gentleman having alluded to a remark of able written compositions and public mine." (Congr. Debates. speeches of the day. There is certainly 6. “ The fact of an appointment having no extravagance in saying, that it dis- been made, would not prevent its being graces a great proportion of both. recalled.” [Lord Castlereagh.
The inaccuracy to which I refer, con 7. 3. How will this idea consist with the sists in improperly using a noun in the Sabbath having been a ritual appointment nominative or objective case, instead of to Israel ?” (Christ. Observ. the possessive, where the clause itself, in 8. “ Instead of Asia Minor having rewhich the noun is used, or some other ceived them from Greece, a directly connoun, stands, in sense, and ought to stand, trary process took place.” (Quart. Rev. in grammatical construction, as the no 9. “ The gentleman having advanced minative or objective. To illustrate my a doctrine, which I regard as unconstitumeaning, I subjoin a list of examples, tional, is my apology for troubling the selected at random, from a few hours' house," &c. [Congr. Debates. miscellaneous reading, and generally from 10. “ In New England, there is no a class of compositions in which one might test to preventchurchmen holding offices.', reasonably expect to find, at least, "pro- [Edinb. Rev. per words in proper places.” The exam 11. “ Observers—who reject all idea ples are numbered, for the purpose of fa- of their elevation being owing to volcanie ciutatiog particular references to them. cropticas." (Quart. Rev.
12. " The accident of a horse neighing of the hon. gentleman himself, who had once decided the succession to the throne made the allusion. In the ninth, the of a mighty empire.” [Anon.
gentleman referred to-not his having adSelections of the same kind, from re- vanced an unconstitutional doctrine-is, cent publications, might be multiplied according to the true construction of the indefinitely; but there can be no need of sentence, the speaker's apology: And in augmenting the number. . Of those which the twelfth, the horse, instead of his have now been presented, it must be per- neighing, is made the accident which defectly obvious to every English scholar, cided the succession. An examination that there is not one in which the gram- of all the other examples would present matical construction corresponds with the similar results. real meaning of the writer or speaker Now, all this blundering and absurdity in other words, not one in which the fact might have been avoided, and the inor idea intended to be communicated, is tended sense of the several passages cited, expressed by the language employed; have been made to correspond with their and, of course, not one in which the rules syntax, by merely using the possessive of composition are not grossly violated. case of the noups, put in italics, in the This may be made very apparent by a several examples : as, by writing owner's, partial analysis of a few of the examples: instead of owner”—Prussia's, instead To take the first-the meaning of the of“ Prussia”-secretary's, instead of “sewriter certainly is, not that the owner cretary,” &c. was the means by which the possession of If any one can doubt the justness of his goods was altered, but that his taking these strictures, he may bring them to a them into his own custody was so. In very simple and decisive test, by substigrammatical construction, however, the tuting pronouns for nouns, in each of the language expresses the former meaning, passages cited. Thus: “The possession and no other.
of one's goods is altered, by him taking In the second example, the fact which them into his own custody.” “ The Aulic the bistorian intended to state, is, in sub- council voted the king's conduct to be a stance, that in consequence of the inva- breach of the public peace, in consesion of Saxony anu Bohemin by the king quence of him invading Saxony,” &c. of Prussia, the Aulic council voted, &c. “ He wearing a sword and uniform was But, according to the grammatical pur a circumstance which added to his natural port of the sentence, as it now stands, awkwardness." 66 The lives of many the words, “ invading Saxony and Bo- studious men are lost, by reason of them hemia,” express merely an incidental indulging,” &c. This, it will readily be circumstance, which might have been agreed by every reader, is absolutely inthrown into a parenthesis, or a distinct tolerable: and yet it does not at all surclause; and the whole sentence might, pass, in grossness of inaccuracy, any one without any material alteration of the of the original passages cited. sense, as expressed by the writer, be pa It is really a reproach to the literature raphrased thus: “ In consequence of the of the age, that so much of it should be king of Prussia-who, by the by, had disgraced by this awkward hallucination. invaded Saxony, &c. the Aulic council Barbarous as it is, however, it has not, voted his conduct to be a breach of the thus far, I believe, become strictly vulpublic peace.” If the paraphrase is non gar; that is, it has not, as yet, interwoven sense, it is the nonsense of the original. itself as an idiom, with our common col
In the third, the meaning expressed by loquial style. If so, it is not, perhaps, the words, is, that the secretary, (who too inveterate for correction : and surely bappened, indeed, to wear a sword and so rank a barbarism ought, if possible, uniform), was himself the circumstance and as speedily as possible, to be banished which added to his own patural awkward-, from the English tongue. hess. The fact intended to be commu
J. G. nicated is, that his wearing a sword, &c. was that circumstance.
To avoid unnecessary particularity, I An Historical Essay on the Rise and Prowill advert to only two or three more of gress of Civil Liberty in Asia. the examples:- In the fifth, the declara We
e can scarcely conceive a more imtion of the speaker, if construed accord- portant study than the examination of ing to the rules of syntax, is, that he pripciples manifestly operating upon a nurises, not in consequence of the allusion merous, high-minded, and intelligent peomade to a remark of his own, by thc pie, to the production of national gran* hoa. gentleman; but ia consequence deur, power, and prosperity. We are