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Albany and other more northern parts of Report of Diseases Ireated at the Public Disthe United States, an extraordinary severity pensary, New-York, during the month of of cold has prevailed; the mercury in the March, 1818. therinometer having fallen between 27 and 340 below zero, while in this city it was Febris Intermittens, (Intermillent Ferer,) at no time so low as zero. The Barometrical 2; Febris Remittens, (Remittent Ferer,) 2; range has extend from 30.19 to 39.68. The Febris Continua, (Continued Ferer,) 7; Fehighest temperature at eight o'clock in the bris Infantum Remittens, (Infantile Remitmornings has been 36°, lowest 2° ; highest tent Ferer,) 3; Phlegmone, 2; Ophthalmia, temperature at sunset 44, lowest 80. (Inflammation of the Eyes,) 6 ; Cynanche

The general state of health in the city Tonsillaris, (Infiammation of the Tonsils and during this interval has been favourable. Fauces,) ; Cynanche Trachealis, (Hires or The same class of diseases has prevailed as Croup,) 1; Cynanche Parotidna, (Mumps) in the former month; but partaking rather 1; Catarrhus, (Caiarrh,) 10; Bronchitis, more of the inflammatory character, and (Inflammation of the Bronchiæ,) 4; Preuaffecting chiefly the Bronchiæ and pulmonary monia, (Inflammation of the Chest,) 24; Pere organs. Some cases of pure Pneumonia tussis, (Hooping Cough,) 2; Rheumatismus, have occurred in children; but Croup, and, 3; Ieterus, (Jaundice,) 1; Hæmoptysis, (Spitindeed, Cynanche under any form, has been ting of Blood,)1; Erysipelas, (St. Anthony's tess than usual. A few cases of continued Fire,) 2; Rubeola, (Measles,) 4; Varriola, and remittent fevers have been under treat. (Small-Pox,) 1; Vaccinia, (Kine-Pock,) 85; ment. Rubeola and Pertussis have occa Dentitio, 2. sionally fallen under notice, the former ge

CHRONIC AND LOCAL DISEASES, nerally of a mild character. The cases of Asthenia, (Debility,) 3 ; Vertigo, 6; Ce. small-pox have continued to be mostly of phalagia, (Head-Ach,), 3; Dyspepsia, 7; an unfavourable description.

Gastrodynia, (Pain in the Stomach,) 3; ObIn a case of vaccinia, a numerous crop of stipatio, 8; Colica, (Colic,) 1; Paralysis, vesicles of the size of a pea in circumference, (Palsy,) 1 ; Ophthalmia Chronica, 1 ; Caaccompanied the formation of the pustule, tarrhus, (Catarrh,) 2 ; Bronchitis Chronica, which they surrounded, extending to the 5; Phthisis Pulmonalis, (Pulmonary Condistance of between one and two inches. sumption,) 3; Rheumatisinus, 12 ; Pleuro.

A case of Peripneumonia in which the dynia, 3; Lumbago, 6; Nephralgia, 2; lancet was not resorted to, terminated in Lithiasis, (Gravel,) 1 ; Cancer Uteri, 1; hydrothorax.

Hydartbrus, (While Swelling) 1; Tumor, A case of Asthma was accompanied by 2; Hernia Ingruinalis, 1; Hæmoptysis, anasarca, which was relieved by blood-let. (Spilling of Blood,) 1; Menorrhagia, 1; ting, followed by an emetic, and the use of Hæmorrhois, 3 ;•Dysenteria, 1; Amenorra few purgatives.

hæa, 6; Dysmenorrhæa, 1; Ischuria, (SupThe deaths stated in the New-York Bills pression of 'Urine,)1 ; Dysuria, (Dificulty in of Mortality for the four weeks of this discharging Urine,) 2; Plethora, 2; Anamonth are as follow:

sarca, (Dropsy,) 2 ; Ascites, (Dropsy of the Abscess, 1; Apoplexy, 4; Asthma, 2; Abdomen,)i; Verines, (!Yorms,)s; Syphile Burned, 1; Casualty, 1; Childbed, 2; Co- is, 10; Urethritis Virulenta, 4; Contusio, lic, 2; Consumption, 44; Convulsions, 25; (Bruise,) 5; Stremma, (Sprain,) 2 ; LuxaCramp in the Stomach, 3; Dropsy, 15; tion, (Dislocation,) 1; Fractura, 3 ; Vulnus, Dropsy in the Chest, 5; Dropsy in the Head, (Wound,) 3; Ustio, (Burn,) 3; Abscessus, 9; Drowned, 2; Dysentery, 1 ; Dyspepsia, (Abscess,) 2 ; Ulcus, (Ulcer,) 16 ; Psoriasis, 1; 1; Epilepsy, 2; Inflammatory Fever, 1; Herpes, 1 ; Scabies et Prurigo, 26 ; PorriTyphous Fever, 9; Gravel, 1; Hives, 3; go, (Scald Head,) 3 ; Eruptiones Variæ, 5. Hooping Cough, 1; Inflammation of the The month of March commenced with Bowels, 5; Inflammation of the Liver, 1; rain, and was more or less stormy and un. Insanity, 2; Intemperance, 1; Jaundice, 2; settled during the first four days ; after Killed, 1; Measles, 2; Marasmus, 1; Old which the weather became clear and re, Age, 11 ; Palsy, 4; Pneumonia Typhodes, markably pleasant, with the wind chiefly 4; Rheumatism, 2; Scrophula or King's Evil, between the N. W. and S. for thirteen day's 2; Small-Pos, 3; Sprue, 3; Spasms, 1; in succession. On the 18th the weather beStill-born, 14; Sudden Death, 5; Suicide, came less agreeable, and cold easterly winds, 1; Tabes Mesenterica, 1; Teething 2; Un- which were accompanied with some over: known, 1; Worms, 1.- Total 221. cast and stormy days, prevailed throughout

Of which number there died 55 of and the remainder of the month. The Baromeunder the age of 1 year; 13 between 1 and trical range has been from 30.21 to 30.76. 2 years; 10 between 2 and 5; 5 between 5 The highest temperature of the mornings and 10; 9 between 10 and 20; 23 between bas been 50° of Fahrenheit, lowest 190 ; 20 and 30; 32 between 30 and 40; 19 be. highest temperature of the afternoons, 600, tween 40 and 50; 25 between 50 and 60; lowest 220 ; highest temperature at sun-sel 15 between 60 and 70; 9 between 70 and 58°, lowest 230 $0; 5 between 80 and 90.

There is little to remark upon the diseases JACOB DYCKMAN, M. D. of the period embraced by this report. Our Ver-York, Feb, 28th, 1818,

catalogue presents nearly the same series of

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morbid affections as reported for the pre Abscess, 1; Apoplexy, 6; Burned, 1; ceding month. The mortality, however, Casualty, 3 ; Catarrh, 2 ; Colic, 1 ; Con has somewhat increased, and the cold easter- sumption, 50; Convulsions, 19; Diarrhea, jy winds which prevailed in the latter part 2; Dropsy, 6; Dropsy in the Chest, 5; of this period have multiplied the number of Dropsy in the Head, 9; Prowned, 2 ; Dysof Catarrhal complaints, some of which pepsia, 1; Remittent Fever ; 2 ; Typhous have been attended with a considerable de Fever, 11; Gravel, 1; :emoptysis, 1; gree of pyreria, and have required active Hæmorrhage, 1 ; Hives or Croup, 11; Hoopdepletion and a strict adherence to the An- ing Cough, 4; Inflammation of the Brain, tiphlogistic method. Opthalmia and inflam- 1; Inflammation of the Chest, 10 ; Inflam. matory sore throats have been rather pre-mation of the Bowels, 1 ; Inflammation of valent, and fevers of the continued kind, the Liver, 1 ; Insanity, 1; Intemperance, partaking of the typhoid character, have 3; Jaundice, 1 ; Marasmus, 1 ; Menorrhaalso increased in frequency.

gia, 1 ; Mortification, 1; Nervous Disease, Variola and Rubeola have diminished. 1 ; Old Age, 7 ; Palsy, 4; Pneumonia ty: Cases of asthenia, cephalalgia, dyspepsia, phodes, 6 ; Quinsy, 2; Rheumatism, 1 ; gastrodynia, enterod;: ia and obstipatio, Scrophula or King's Evil, 2 ; Small-Pox, 3 which always constitute a considerable pro Still Born, 15; Stranguary, 1; Sudden portion of the chronic diseases among the Death, 2 ; Suicide, 4; Tabes Mesenterica, lower classes of society, have been more Teething, 2; Unknown, 7; Worms, 1.common. The great number of eruptive Total 244. disorders, particularly of the apyretic sort, Of this number, 62 died of and under the which occur in Dispensary practice, may, age of one year; 18 between 1 and 2 years; perhaps, excite some surprise ; but when we 16 between 2 and 5; 7 between 5 and 10; take into consideration the poverty, bad 10 between 10 and 20 ; 31 between 20 and diet, neglect of cleanliness, and consequent 30 ; 30 between 30 and 40 ; 35 between 40 distress of the lower orders of people, we and 50; 12 between 50 and 60; 9 between have a ready solution of the cause of the 60 and 70; 9 between 70 and 80; 3 between (requency of such diseases.

80 and 90 ; and 1 of 100. The general Bill of Mortality for March,

JACOB DYCKMAN, M. D. gives the following account of deaths from New-York, March 31st. 1818. different discases :


MADAME DESHOULIERES, TIE FRENCH curiosity might at present make her, it was POETESS.

inore than probable that in her present situa. THIS lady was much admired as a poetess tion she would pay for its gratification with

by her countrymen, yet, except her pas- her life. The countess observing that all torals, the subjects chosen by her are little that her husband said failed of intimidating interesting; and rather evince strength of the high spirited Madame Deshoulieres, now mind than harmony of verse, or delicacy of added her persuasions to divert her friend feeling. Indeed they are what might have from an enterprise from which the bravest been expected from a character endned with man might shrink appalled. "What have the self-possession displayed in the follow we not to fear then," she added, "for a woing adventure, in which she conducted her- man on the eve of becoming a mother? Let self with an intrepidity and coolness which me conjure you, if not for your own sake, would have done honour to a hero.

for that of your unborn infant, give up your Madame Deshoulieres was invited by the daring plan." All these arguments repeated count and countess de Larneville to pass over and over again, were insufficient to some time at their chateaụ, several leagues shake the determineđ purpose of the advenfrom Paris. On her arrival she was freely turer. Her courage rose superior to these offered the choice of all the bed-chambers representations of the dangers to which she in the mansion, except one, which, from the was going to expose herself, because she was strange noises that had been for some time convinced that they owed their colouring to pocturnally heard within it, was generally superstition acting upon weak minds-she believed to be haunted, and as such had been entertained no faith in the “fleshly arm” of deserted. Madame Deshoulieres was no a departed spirit, and from an immaterial sooner informed of this circumstance by her one her life was safe. Her noble host and friends, than, to their great surprise and ter- hostess pleaded, pitied, blamed, but at length ror, she immediately declared her resolution yielded to her wish of taking possession of of occupying this dreaded room in prefer- the haunted chamber. Madame Deshouence to any other. The count looked aghast lieres found it grand and spacious—the winas she disclosed this determination, and in dows dark from the thickness of the walls a tremulous voice gntreated her to give up the chimney antique and of cavernous depth. mo rash an intention, since, however brave As soon as Madame was undressed, she

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stepped into bed, ordered a large candle to for the encounter of which she had braced
be placed in a bracket which stood on a her every nerve.
stand near it, and enjoining her femme de In the meantime the count and countess,
chambre to shut the door securely, dismissed wholly given up to their fears, had found it
hier. Having provided herself with a book, impossible to close their eyes during the
according to custom, she calmly read her night. The trial to which their friend had
usual time, then sunk to repose—from this exposed herself, grew more terrible to their
she was soon roused by a noise at her door imagination the more they dwelt upon it,
-it opened, and the sound of footsteps suc. till they at length persuaded themselves that
ceeded. Madame Deshoulieres immediately death would be the inevitable consequence,
decided that this must be the supposed With these forebodings they proceeded as
ghost, and therefore addressed it with an soon as it was light to the apartment of Ma-
assurance that, if it hoped to frighten her dame Deshoulieres—scarcely had they cou.
from her purpose of detecting the impostor rage to enter it, or to speak when they had
which had created such foolish alarm done so. From this state of petrifaction
throughout the castle, it would find itself they were revived by their friend undrawing
disappointed in the attempt, for she was re- her curtains, and paying them the compli-
solutely bent on penetrating and exposing it ments of the morning with a triumphant
at all hazards. This threat shc reiterated to look. She then related all that had passed
no purpose, for no answer was returned. with an impressive solemnity, and having
At length the intruder came in contact with roused intense curiosity to know the catas-
a large screen, which it overturned so near trophe, she smilingly pointed to Gros-Blanc,
the bed, that getting entangled in the cur as she said to the count, “ There is the noca
tains, which played loosely on their rings, turnal visiter whom you have so long taken
they returned a sound so sharp, that any one for the ghost of your mother;" for such he
under the influence of fear would have taken bad concluded it from having been the last
for the shrill scream of an unquiet spirit, but person who had died in the chateau. The
Madame was perfectly undismayed, as she count regarded his wife-then the dog-and
afterwards declared. On the contrary, she blushed deeply, not knowing whether it were
continued to interrogate the nocturnal visiter better to laugh or be angry. But Madame,
whom she suspected to be one of the do- who possessed a commanding manner,which
mestics, but it still maintained an unbroken at the same time awed and convinced, ended
silence, though nothing could be less quiet this state of irresolution by saying, “ No,
in its movements, for it now ran against the no, Monsieur, you shall no longer continue
stand on which stood the heavy candle and in an illusion which long indulgence has en-
candlestick, which fell with a thundering deared to you. I will complete my task and
noise. In fine, tired of all these exertions, emancipate your mind from the shackles
it came and rested itself against the foot of of superstition, by proving to you that all
the bed.. Madame Deshoulieres was now which has so long disturbed the peace of
more decidedly. called upon to evince all your family has arisen from natural causes.
that firmness of mind and intrepidity of spi. Madame arose, made her friends examine
rit of which she had boasted—and well did the lock of the door, the wood of which was
she justify the confidence she had placed in so decayed as to render the locking it use-
her own courage, for still retaining her self. less, against a very moderate degree of
possession she exclaimed, “ Ah, now I shall strength. This facility of entrance had been
ascertain what thou art," at the same time evidently the cause of Gros-Blanc, who liked
she extended both her hands towards the not sleeping out of doors, making choice of
place against which she felt that the intruder this room. The rest is easily accounted for,
was resting. They came in contact with Gros-Blanc smelt, and wished to possess
two soft velvety ears, which she firmly himself of the candle, in attempting which
grasped, determined to retain them till day he committed all the blunders and caused
should lend its light to discover to whom or all the noises which has annoyed me this
to what they belonged. Madame found her night, and he would have taken possession
patience put to some trial, but not her of my bed also if he had not given me an op-
strength, for nothing could be more unre- portunity of seizing his ears. Thus are the
sisting and quiet than the owner of the im- most simple events magnified into omens of
prisoned ears. Day at length released her fearful and supernatural augury,
from the awkward, painful position in which
she had remained for so many bours, and
discovered her prisoner to be Gros-Blanc, a

ANECDOTES OF THE COURT OF PORTUGAL, large dog belonging to the chateau, and as John V. King of Portugal, and his Mistress. worthy, if faith and honesty deserve the This prince was so much captivated by a title, as any of its inhabitants. Far from young and handsome lady of the court, that, resenting the bondage in which Madame although well informed of her having already Deshoulieres had so long kept him, he licked bestowed her heart on a lover every way the hands which he believed had been kind- deserving of it, he was determined to endealy keeping his ears warm all night; while vour at winning the preference through all Madame Deshoulieres enjoyed a hearty those temptations which kings have it in ugh at thiş ludicrous end to an adventure, their power to offer. The young lady's sed


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timents and principles were, however, proof that she anxiously waited for the moment against these undue attempts to sbake her when she might feel herself wholly emanci. fidelity to the first possessor of ber affec- pated from the painful restraint under which tions; and to prove her resolution to main- she had for some time suffered.

This soon fain it unbroken, she retired to the convent took place : the king's new attachment so D'Oliveira, hoping that she should there be rapidly gained strength, that it shortly con. safe from the importunities of her royal quered all remains of his former inclination; admirer. In this she was sadly mistaken: and his second mistress, less scrupulous or she fed not with more carnestness than the more interested by the passion of the king, king pursued; and as no retreat, however yielded without reserve to the pleasures of a sacred, could be barred against him, whose mutual affection. The intercourse to which power was despotic, she was still obliged to this led, continued unbroken for many years, subroit to his visits, and trust to time and and was finally dissolved in a manner hoher own perseverance in virtue for that re nourable to both parties. lease which she had vainly sought in a reli This event originated in the following cirgious retirement. Determined, at all events, to avoid ever being alone with the king, Lisbon was just recovering from the she engaged, as her constant companion, a fatal effects of a disorder resembling the young lady belonging to the convent, who plague, which had carried off a great pormight at the same time be a restraint on the tion of its inhabitants, when it was again king's conduct, and a strict witness of her visited by a calamity which severely renewed own. This circuinspection, from which no. the affliction and miseries of the survivors. thing could for a moment divert her, failed There arose, from the south, so treinendous of proving to the royal lover that her heart a storm, that it threatened to involve this was closed against him. John, therefore, ill-fated city and its neighbourhood in irpersevered in his suit; b'i- suspecting that remediable ruin. Seven hundred vessels, ihe little progress he had hitherto made, was which were riding at anchor in the Tagus, attributable to the opportunities his rival were torn from their moorings, and either still enjoyed of keeping alive his interest in entirely wrecked or greatly injured by runthe affections of his mistress, he determined ning aground. One English man of war, on removing this fancied obstacle to his commanded by Lord Were, and destined for success, by sending the young man out of the secret conveyance of money privately, the kingdom; and this he did in a manner granted by the court of Portugal to that of most calculated to extenuate in some degree London, alone weathered unhurt this frightalie motives which actuated him. He gene- ful tempest. The ships of war belonging to rously conferred on him an honourable and his Portuguese majesty shared in the delucrative employment, at a distance from structive consequences already mentioned. Portugal, and made every branch of his The country in the vicinity of the metropofamily easy in their circumstances through lis exhibited a similar scene of bis munificence. A more summary and a houses on all sides reduced to a heap of inore cruel method of getting rid of a rival, rubbish—the earth strewed with the dismight have been expected from a despotic membered branches of the finest trees, and monarch of a country noted for the most millions of the largest olives torn up by the atrocious acts of jealous passion.

roots, presented a sad spectacle of a loss All his Majesty's schemes were vain; the which there could be no hope of repairing object of them maintained the same cold, for many years. When these melancholy respectful réserve, which virtue had first dic. and desolating effects of the storm were tated as the most dignified mode of checking described to the king, he was so deeply pethe unlawful hopes of the king; who now, as netrated with grief at the sufferings of his a lover's last resource, endeavoured to enlist people, that, wholly unable to control his vanity in his cause—that auxiliary which has feelings, his tears flowed unchecked in the so often proved all-powerful where love and presence of father Govea. This worthy ambition have failed. To rouse this passion man was of the order of Capuchins, and an in his behalf, the king affected to transfer his admirable preacher, The holiness of his admiration and attentions to the companion life, which was exemplary, had impressed of his mistress; but here again he was fated the king with the highest veneration for bis to meet disappointment-a pure and con person, and the most perfect confidence in stant attachment guarded Mademoiselle de his disinterestedness, a strong proof of which S from that mean species of jealousy he had given in having refused both the dig. which it was intended should effect her nity of patriarch of Lisbon, and cardinal of downfall. Jolin, however, continued to act Rome, which had been pressed upon him. the part he had assumed till, unconsciously The state of mind in which father Govea to himself, he became charmed by the sense, now saw the king of Portugal, was too wit, and interesting manners of the person favourable to the accomplishment of a wish through whom he had hoped to have wound he had long cherished at heart, to be suffered the vanity of the first object of his ad- ed to subside without an effort at obtaining miration. But his majesty was at length it. He had in real charity grieved over the convinced that the latter was rejoiced at state of adultery in which the king lived, Heing reļieved from his importunities, and and therefore seized the present auspicious

moment to represent to him, with mild elo- their tendency, and not devoted with the quence, that God, when justly irritated by same happiness as heretofore to the picture the guilty conduct of princes, frequently of manners) in company with a handsome suffered the punishment they had incurred, young lady, whom I will call Madame D'Etto fall in this world on their less faulty sub- tivale, in order to come near to her pamer jects, reserving, it might be fearfully appre- without naming her: she is a French wohended, a severer one for the greater cul- man in the whole force, in the whole extent, prits in the world to come. This edifying in the whole grace of tbe term : the words reproof of the good father, which was ex charme and entrainement would have been tended beyond what it is here necessary to invented for her. I do not think that there detail, made a sensible impression on the exists a heart which beats higher at the ideas king, and particularly on the point which of glory, of misfortune, of country; and I had principally instigated him to venture venture to affirm, that if there are in France this exhortation. Of this, his majesty gave

a hundred thousand men like that woman, a solid proof, by instantly resolving to sa we may be without uneasiness respecting crifice to God the object that had so long the future. I do not know what this lady diverted him from his duties. It required thinks of love, nor how she speaks of it, no small degree of manly fortitude to fulfil it is a question upon which people do not this laudable determination. His attach-, understand each other at the two extremities ment to his mistress continued unabated,' of life); but I do not hesitate to adduce he and her society was an unfailing source of as a living refutation of the reproach which pleasure and comfort to him after the cares Montaigne, La · Rochefoucault, and Beauand employments of the day. This he marchaise have cast upon women, that they evinced by regularly repairing, at the fall of do not know real friendship between themevery evening, to the convent D'Oliveira, selves. Madame D’Ettivale has a female where she continued to reside, to pass it in friend of her own age, several of whose her company. He was now to give up for letters she has shown me. If they should ever an intercourse, from which he had for be one day published, I would not answer years derived his chief delight--an object for their dispossessing Madame de Sevigne that was still dear to him-and his majesty of the epistolary sceptre, which she holds was nobly firm in prosecnting this painful by prescriptive admiration; but I am certain reformation, for he did not even allow him- that people will find in them sentiments self a last interview with his mistress. This which are just and natural, even in their lady acted with no less dignity and fortitude, exaltation; and the expression of an ardent Finding that the king did not visit her the soul, which discharges itself into the bosom day after the hurricane, she sont a messen

of a friend without thinking of the opinions ger to inquire into the cause, who was at of the great world, for which such letters the same time commissioned to present the

are not written. The history of these two king with a couple of shirts, which she had ladies, which is connected wiih the principal made for bim with her own hands. By the events of the revolution, would furnish an advice of father Govea, however, this pre- excellent chapter of manners; but indepensent was not delivered. On the return of dently of the secrecy which we owe to the messenger, the lady was fully informed confidential communications, this narrative of all that had passed, and the resolution would throw me back into the whirlpool of which had in consequence been formed by the capital, which I have quitted for a time. his majesty respecting his future conduct in I will confine myself to relating the travel regard to her. So far from resenting this ling adventure which gave birth to a frienddesertion, she appeared desirous of following ship of which few instances would be found his example, and obliterating, by a life of among the men of any age or country: penance, the guilt she had incurred by their Madame Eleonore de Monbrey (this is the illicit commerce. She readily quitted the name of Madame D'Ettivale's friend) had a magnificent apartments which the king bad mere general acquaintance with her when with boundless generosity built and adorned they made a journey together, some years purposely for her use ;-returned all his ago, to Bagneres, where they were going to costly presents—and, with an humble spirit, take the waters. Madame D'Ettivale had retired again to the lowly cell which she had with her, her daughter, eight years old, pecupied in the days of her innocence. The whose beauty begins to be talked of in the king consoled himself for her loss, by elevat- world. A singular conformity of taste, of ing and enriching those of her family whom opinions, (which at that time were only senhe knew to be most dear to her. Thus end- timents) and which the intimacy of a few ed this amour.

days developed, had already laid the foundation for an union between these two

young ladies, which was soon to be cementAN EXTRAORDINARY INSTANCE OF FEMALE ed by a horrible event.

A few leagues on the way from Bagneres. From L'Ermité en Province.

to Luchon, on seeing a steep road, which I made the journey from Agen to Montau- made it necessary to put a drag on the ban (says M. Jouy, whose recent essays un- whec. of their carriage, Madame de Monder the above title have become rather too brey proposed to her companion to descend diffuse for our publication, too political in the mountain on foot. The latter fearing the

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