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David Quackenbush, A. B. of New- ture of Arterial Circulation in Typhuss York, on Pneumonia Typhodes.

Fever. Chauncey E. Perkins, of Ohio, on the John Torrey, of New York, on Dysene late Malignant Epidemic of the United tery. States.

Daniel H. Trezevant, of South CaroWilliam Provines, of Ireland, on Puer. lina, on Cold. peral Fever.

Adrian Vanderveer, A. B. of New. Moses J. De Rosset, A. B. of North Jersey, on the Human Ear. Carolina, on Cold Bathing.

John S. Wiley, of New-York, on the Thomas E. Screven, of South Carolina, Use of Setons. on Anthrar.

John R. Wynkoop, of New-York, on Elisha Sheldon, of Vermont, on the na- Epilepsy.

ART. 8. RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE. THE second Annual Meeting of the Society, at their meeting on the 19th day


beld in this city, on the second Thursday solution, viz. of this month, (14th May.)

“ That in ordinary cases occuring withThe Treasurer of the American Bible in the United States, it is inconsistent Society acknowledges the receipt of with the best interests of this society to $2, 342 during the month of March. distribute the Bible gratuitously, except

The managers of the American Bible through the medium ofauxiliary societies."


To the Editors of the American Monthly sible to read and not admire it. If you Magazine.

should, on the perusal, think favourably of GENTLEMES,

its merits; by rescuing it from obseurity, and The following Elegy on the elder Pitt, giving it a place in your poetic department, was presented to me by an esteemed friend, you will probably amuse many of your who was formerly in the East-India trade. readers, and confer a particular favour on The copy was presented to him by a British

Yours, sincerely, officer, in Canton, who informed him, that

T. ROBINSON. it was, he believed, the only one in exist Binghamton, Broome Co. April 1, 1816. ence.* There never was but one impression of this poem, it having been suppressed by an order of council. It was occasioned by

ELEGY Mr. Pitt's being created earl of Chatham, in 1766. The poet goes upon the supposition,

On the late Hon. WILLIAM PITT, Esq. (which happily was not realized) that his being made a Peer, would make him an

Oh Lucifer, son of the morning, how art thou apostate, and, therefore, with a peculiar

fallen!" poignancy, accosts him by the name of Pynsent, a patriotic baronet, who died some IF, when the stern relentless hand of Fate,

Has snatch'd some bero in his early bloom; time before, and left him a large sum, as a Or seiz'd unpitying on the good and great, reward for his strenuous exertions in the

To swell the sable triumphs of the tomb ;cause of freedom and his country. The author had, doubtless, the conduct of Mr. If, when the guardians of a country die, Pulteney in view; and concluded that (as The grateful tear, in tenderness should start, in the physical system, so in the political) Or the keen anguish of a redd’ning eye, a similar cause would be productive of a

Proclaim the deep affliction of the heart; like effect. He was mistaken. However, this little piece, abstractedly considered, How must the feeling bosom bear its strife! and merely as an effort of genius, in my when some fell hour has seiz'd on more than life,

How must the voice of gratitude exclaim! opinion, possesses great merit. It is impos

And wrought the worst of murders on their

faine! * This is a mistake. We have read this Elegy in some printed collection of poems. But it is When we lament for patriotic fire, rare-and we are obliged to our friendly corres A glorious envy mingles with the tear, pondent for recalling it to our remembrance. And though we weep, we secretly admire,

Ed. And nobly grudge the glory of its bier. Vol. III.--No....

But when some bigli, some celebrated name, Where then anhappy Pynsent canst thoa run,

Flies meanly back from virtue's generous race, Or surive to hide, oh! elevated slave! And stains a whole eternity of fame,

What pitying cell can screen thee from the sun, To gain a glitt'ring ensign of disgrace; Or kindly yield a temporary grave? tvhen some ennobled self-exalted sage, Fly with the lightning's rapidness of haste, Superior far to hecatombs of kings,

Where dread Ohio's melancholy flood, The friend, the sire, the saviour of an age, Glooms with unusual horror in the waste,

Gives up a realm for earldom and for strings; And swellsdeep crimson'dwith Britannia's blood. Sharp indignation mingles with distress, Yet rather seek some confine of the earth, Howe'er he once was godlike in our eyes,

Where British footsteps never have been known, And spite of all the pity we possess,

Where the swept sunbeam dies before its birtb, We must retain our justice, and despise. Or hapless nature burns beneath the zone; Fain would the muses for a favourite plead, Beyond where Zembla, with eternal snows,

Fain would they form somc reconciling plan, All cold and shivering, in herself retires,
To spare the person, yet condemn the deed, Or where parch'd Afric vehemently glows,

To brand the baseness, yet preserve the man. In all the swartness of Autumnal fires.
But ah! what plea, what language has the power, Then, while the wond'ring savages applaud,
Howe'er important, tender, or sublime,

Retain thy baseness, yet preserve the pride, To check the sunbeam'd swiftness of an hour, As some state minion, infamously awed,

Or snatch the glass from ever flying time? Yet still affect the privilege to guide. Can the fine magic of a melting strain

But why should Pynsent madly urge his flight; Invert the well known principle of things, And poorly servile to a trivial lay, Remove the sigh from agonizing pain,

Explore the boundries of perpetual night, Or guard the guilty bosom from its stings? Or seek the realms of ever-scorching day! Allied, alas! for ever to the crime,

Can the mere casual circumstance of pole, No kind attention can the person claim,

The unmeaning dull variety of clime, But blackens downwards on the lapse of time, Restore the once known cheerfulness of soul, The equal object of eternal shame.

Or pour one ray of comfort on his crime? Ah! what avails the wide capacious mind, Must not a kingdom's heart-directed cries, With every science accurately fraught,

Like the dread tempest's all destroying sweep, The keen-eyed fancy, sparkling and refin'd, O'ertake the illustrious caitiff as he tries,

The blaze of genius, and the burst of thought? And sink the recreant vessel in the deep? Ah! what avails the magnitude of soul, Tho' the white cliffs of the deserted shore,

Which, sway'd by sterling sentiment alone, No more shcold silver on his hated eyes, Taught the big bolt of eloquence to roll,

Should strike his breast with consciousness ne And thunder'd strong conviction round the

more, throne ?

Nor ring his fool dishonour through the skies; Pade sinking Britons shake away the gloom, Sull, what blest balm from consolation caught,

That long had bound her temples in disgrace, In distant worlds can Pynsent hope to find, And, like the bold but deathless chief of Rome, Unless he flies as rapidly from thought,

Twined everlasting laurels in their place. And leave both sense and memory behind. These no blest veil, no mantle ever threw, Should he bestride the swiftest steeds of day,

To screen a paltry prostitute from morn, Or mount on whirlwinds with unnumber'd wings; But stripp'd them still more openly to view, Sull guilt would seize the dastard on his way, And call'd aloud for aggravated scorn.

And conscience dart unutterable stings; When the dull slave, or sycophant confess'd, Still would one curst, one execrable word, Erects, on guilt, his coronated car,

Unman his soul, and agonize his frame, Or hides his native turpitude of breast,

And that detested epithet of LORD, Beneath the venal dazzling of a star;

O'erwhelm the wretch with misery and shame. No conscious blush compels the cheek to glow, Oh! why, when virtue's heaven-descended heats

The brow no mark of wonder will display, Sinks by ambition fatally oppressid,
For fools, we see, are always caught with show, Or bigh-soul'd honour tott'ring from her seat,
And ever find that villains will betray.

Resigns the spotless empire of the breast, But when the first in Fame's immortal round, Why doth not tenfold impudence stand forth

Charm'd with the gewgaw's fascinating glare, To shield in brass the blush-betraying face, Exchange intrinsic character for sound,

And when we're dead to sentiment and worth, And baseiy barter Liberty for air;

Destroy the dread of scandal and disgrace? Their very worth, contrasted with the fall, Triumphant slaves might then securely reign, A new disgrace inevitably sheds,

Nor meanly shrink, to look upon the morn; Gives the kcen curse, accuinulated gall, Behold the power of kingdoms with disdain, And dragsdown wider vengeance on their heads. And treat the indignant universe with scord.

No Pynsent, then, need kesitare an hour, Or say, if slecp once fortunately stole,

To prop a sinking villain, or his cause; When life'slowlamp could scarcely sheda gleam, Nor seek to screen an avarice for power, Did not some demon harrow up thy soul,

With the poor veil of popular applause. And stab the short, the momentary dream? Quite unappallid beneath the rage of times, Did not wide fancy's all-exploring clue,

He then inight spring with transport into place, Bid time's deep womb be accurately shown, And lay a sure foundation on his crimes,

And raised such baleful images to view, To build the future glories of his race.

As scared thy coward consciousness to stone? But Heaven's high will has graciously design'd, 0! Pynsent, what had empires to bestow,

That strong remorse with infamy should dwell, Thai e'er thy worth or character could raise, And placed an awful censor in the mind, Teach wond'ring worlds more gratefully to glow,

That damns the traitor to an instant hell. Or add a single particle to praise ? Hence, when fiom virtue's sacred course we fly, Did not whole senates hang upon thy voice,

The blush, in deep'ning crimson will be drest, And suppliant climes solicit thee for laws; The rising gush will deluge all the eye,

Nay, did not Fame, obedient to thy choice, And more than adders gnaw along the breast. Still give the wreath, as thou wouldst give

applause? And yet, if nought but conscience, with her snakes,

Say, could ambition's most exalted fire, The slave's base view is able to control, Misguided man, be gratified with more, If no bright spark of honour ever wakes, Than awe-struck senades, always to admire, The cold dead fibres of the fiinty soul;

And echoing realms to wonder and adore? What greater proofs of tenderness and love, What then, quite withering on the stalk of age,

Can Heaven's high hand beneficently show, Diseased, emaciate, sinking to the grave, Than dooming those, who dread no Judge above, Could drag thee now, thus toti ring on the stage,

To certain shame and wretchedness below? To load the wretched skeleton with slave; Yet tell us, Pynsent, is there aught in state, Trembling on life's most miserable verge, In ermin'd pomp, or coronated glare,

Nay, even now just numb’ring with the dead, To sooth the sharp severity of fate,

Why wouldst thou thus in infamy immerge, Or shield the rankling bosom from despair? And pluck a kingdom's curses on thy head? Can the poor loy that glitters o'er a crest, That kingdom too, whose ever grateful eves,

Or all the illustrious baubles of a throne, Thy matchless worth so tenderly could see, Bestow one peaceful honour on a breast

That scarce she breath'd an accent to the skies, Thaç basely stoops to prostitute its own? But what was wing'd with benisons for thee. Hast thou, (and tell us generously now) Oh! hapless Pynsent, when the pitying muse,

Since that curst bour on infamous record, Sees ihce supremely eminent and good, When the green laurel with'ring on thy brow, In palsied age, relinquish all the views, Beheld thee yilely dwindling to a lord,

for which thro' youth you generously stood; Hast thou (nor dare with conscience in thine eye, When the bright guardian of a frocborn land,

To breathe a thought, or accent insincere) In life's last age, sinks utterly depravid, Once seen the blessed morn without a sigh, And in some minion's execrated hand, Or inet the sable eve without a tear?

Destroys those realms, which formerly he sav'd, Has the drear darkness of the midnight hour, Lost in the passions widely raging tide, E'er kindly blest thy pillow with repose,

An actual type of chaos she appears, Or the soft balm of sleep's refreshing power, Then throws the pen distractedly aside,

Once taught those lids in tenderness to close ? To give an ample fullness to her tears.



ville ; chancellor of the exchequer, right

hon. N. Vansittart; president of the board THE British Cabinet consists of the follow; of control, right han, Geo. Canning i mas

ing members : lord high chancellor, lord ter of the mint, right hon. W. Wellesley Eldon ; lord president of the council, earl of Pole; chancellor of the duchy of Lancas. Harrowby ; lord of the privy seal, earl of ter, right hon. C. B. Bathurst. Westmoreland, K. G.; first lord of the trea The whole import of Cotton into Great sury, earl of Liverpool, K. G.; master gene. Britain in 1817, is estimated at 479,291 packral of the ordnance, earl of Mulgrave; se ages of various sizes, weighing by computacretary of state for the foreign department, tion 131,951,200 lb. which at an average of Viscount Castlereagh, K. G.; secretary for 1s. 6d. per. lb. would amount to nearly 10 the home department, Viscount Sidmouth ; millions sterling. The greater part of this ârst lord of the admiralty, Viscount Mels immense importation has been brought into





Liverpool. This quantity exceeds the im- prince Oscar, son of Bernadotte, had been
ports of 1815 and 1816, severally, by about authorised to exercise the sovereignty,
110,000 bags, weighing about 41,000,000 lb. whenever the king and his father should be
or upwards of two millions sterling. The both ill, or both absent; thus his right of suc.
greatest part of this increase has arisen from cession has been indirectly acknowledged.
the opening of the East India trade, which,
in extent and importance, it is thought, will Accounts from Taganrock, upon the Black
soon rival the trade to the W. Indies, as far Sea, indicate a very rapid increase of the
as respects Liverpool.

commercial importance of that quarter. The British navy is about to be enlarged Though that port is less frequented than by the addition of 5 new first rate ships of Qdessa, yet, in 1817,387 vessels sailed from the line, and 14 second rate,-38 frigates, it, besides coasters to the number of 132.. and 15 sloops of war.

The importations of gold and silver specie The American minister, Mr. Rush has amounted to 5,582,249 roubles; in addition been received at the court of St. James in to which, the value of the merchandise imthe most amicable manner.

ported was 2,658,645 roubles ; the exports,
The princess Elizabeth is betrothed to amounting to 11,979,700 roubles, there re-
prince Frederick Joseph Louis of Hesse mains, in favour of Russian commerce, an
Hombourg. The princess will have a mar. excess of 9,321,033 roubles.
riage portion of £40,000, and her annual

income will be £15,000. Frederick is
hereditary prince, and in his 49th year : the

The whole country between Madras and reigning duke is 70 years old.

Bombay is said to be in a state of insurrec

tion. The earl of Moira has marched against
Notwithstanding the recent proceedings the patriots at the head of 90,000 men, chief-
of the Chambers in favour of the liberty of ly natives.
the press, all the copies of the third num-

ber of the Sentinelle de l'Honneur, have
been seized. This political pamphlet is

written by M. Joulin de la Salle, cousin to

After a circumstantial report that the the general Bertrand who is at St. Helena. royalists under Morillo had met with sig. The duke of Wellington is particularly at nal discomfiture, and that Laguira was in tacked in it, and is denominated an insolent the utmost distress and confusion from the Pró-consul.

apprehended approach of the patriots, it has Negociations are in a state of advance. been since stated that Morillo had gained an ment, which will, it is expected, terminate important victory over Bolivar and Piaz, by in the removal of the army of occupation which Laguira was restored to tranquillity from France. Some changes are to take and Caraccas relieved from the dreaded place in the command of divisions ; some attack. exiles are to be restored to their country,

Mexico. and among others, Soult, who will be re

The Report of General Mina's death is instated in his rank of field marshal,

contradicted. Colonel Melville, of General

Mina's staff, has arrived in the United States,
The most active preparations are said to on his way to Washington; he states that he
be making in Cadiz to man the Russian fleet left Mina, on the 28th November, at Gua-
for South-America. It is, however, repre- naxuato with 5000 men, and his affairs in a
sented on the other hand, that the ships are prosperous state.
likely to be laid up at Cadiz to rot, being
badly constructed and of poor materials.


Robert Gourlay, of Upper Canada, has The proposed basis for the military con offered to make the following contract for tingent of Germany, which subject was ta- settling the country :—if government win ken into consideration by the Diet, on the give him the management of the public lands 19th instant, requires a levy of two per cent. of Upper Canada, for thirty years, he will on the population of that great country: maintain, during that time, two regiments The gross population of Germany is about for his Majesty-repair all the forts-and, 30,000,000, of which 6,000,000 will be near- for the last twenty years of the term, pay ly the number of males capable of bearing an annual rent to Great Britain of £100,000 Two in every hundred of these

would constitute an army of 120,000 men,
the exact amount of force which it was

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. stated the army of the confederation was

Senate. designed to muster.

Wednesday, March 18th. The resolution moved The old king of Sweden is dead. The yesterday by Mr. King, that the President be reday after his demise, Bernadotte was pro- Harbours for the purpose of selecting two stations

quested to cause to be surveyed certain ports and claimed king, and the council assembled, for arsenal ports, the report of the survey to be before which he took the oath of office, and laid before the Senate during the first week of received their allegiance. Before this event, the next session, &c. was agreed to.







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Among other bills, one for defraying the Wednesday, March 25th. Mr. Troup moved expenses of militia in marching to places of ren a resolution to inquire into the expediency of dezvous, was passed and sent to the House of appropriating the dividends from the shares held Representatives for concurrence.

by government in the bank of the United States, Thursday, March 19th. On motion of Mr. to the manufacture of arms, &c. for the militia. Eppes, it was resolved, That the President of The bill concerning the bounty to fishing vessels the United States be requested to cause to be passed. laid before the Senate, an estimate of the sum The amendment to the bill for reducing the necessary for the establishment of two docks for staff, changing the commissariat, was read a the purpose of repairing vessels of the largest third time and passed, 25 to 5. The bill was size.

then ordered to be engrossed and read a third On motion of Mr. Ruggles it was resolved, time. that the committee on public lands be instructed The bill authorising Tennessee to issue grants, to inquire into the expediency of extending the &c. after being modified, was ordered to be evjurisdiction of the territory of Michigan to the grossed for the third reading. eastern boundary of the Illinois territory. The After a message from the President, touching remainder of the sitting was occupied in matur the Seminole war, the senate adjourned. ing the details of the bill for adjusting the claims Thursday, March 26th. Mr. Troup's resolu; to land, and for establishing land offices in the tion of yesterday was agreed to. districts east of the island of New Orleans. The joint resolution offered by Mr. Barbour,

Friday, March 20th. Mr. Crittenden, from proposing an amendment of the onstitution so the committee on the judiciary, reported a bill as to give congress the power of appropriating prescribing the manner of deciding controversies money to construct roads, &c. was rejected. between different states.

The bill to issue grants, &c. and the bill to reMr. Williams, of Ten. from the committee on duce the staff, &c. was passed and sent to the military affairs, reported a bill to reduce the staff house. of the army, with additional sections, regulating The senate resumed the consideration of the the distribution of rations to the army.

bill to increase the salaries of the heads of departe The President laid before the senate the gene- ments, which was so modified as to fix the sala: ral account of the treasurer of the United States, ries of the secretaries of state and the treasury for 1817, and the accounts of the war and navy at $6500-secretaries of war and navy, $6000, departments, from Oct. 1816 to Oct. 1817, to post-master general, $4000_and the attorney gether with the reports thereon.

general $3500,--all to commence on the first On motion of Mr. Talbot, resolved, that the day of 1818. The bill was ordered to committee on roads, &c. be instructed to inquire a third reading into the expediency of providing by law for the Mr. Troup's resolution appropriating the bank subscription, on the part of the United States, dividends was agreed to, and after some other for certain shares in the Kentucky and Ohio business, the senate adjourned. Canal Company, &c.

Friday, March 27th. The following engrosMr. Campbell, from the committee on finance, sed bills were severally read a third time, pasreported the bill to authorise the state of Ten- sed, and sent to the other house for concurrence, nessce to issue grants, and perfect titles to cer to wit: a bill to increase the salaries of certain tain entries and locations of lands, &c. After officers of the government; and a bill providing some further business, adjourned till Monday. for the election of a Delegate from the Michi

Monday, March 23d. A report was made, gan territory: The Senate adjourned to Mouday, declaring it inexpedient to extend the provisions Monday, March 30th. The bill for amending of law prescribing the mode in which public re the acts for enforcing the neutral relations of the cords, &c. in each state, shall be authenticated, to United States was referred to the committee on give them effect in another state, &c.

foreign relations. The President communicated the memorial of A message was received from the President the legislature of the Alabama territory, pray- transmitting a list of the pensioners, &c. accord: ing for power to incorporate companies to build ing to a request of the Senate. roads, &c. which was read and referred.

The resolution from the House of RepresentaThe bill regulating the pay of brevet officers, tives, fixing the day of adjournment of Congress, and a resolution to subscribe for 1300 copies of to the 13th April, was taken up, and amnended the 11th vol. of Waite's state papers, were pas, so as to fix on 20th, and passed. sed. Some other business was transacted, and The bill from the House of Representatives, the senate adjourned.

authorising the election of a delegate from the Tuesday, March 24th. Mr. Dickinson report- Michigan Territory, &c. was rejected. ed a resolution, directing medals to be struck, After some other business the Senate adjournand, together with the thanks of congress, to be ed, the Vice President previously informing the presented to Maj. Gen. Harrison and Gov. Senate that his private affairs would prevent his Shelby

further attendance in the Senate.
Mr. Barbour, from the committee of foreign Tuesday, March 31sl. The Senate elected
relations, to whom had been referred the repre- Mr. Gaillard president of the Senate, pro tem-
sentations in behalf of Mr. Meade, made a re pore.
port of considerable length, taking a full view of Thursday, April 2d. The principal business
the subjects, recognizing the wrongs of Mr. of the day was upon local maiters.
Meade, and declaring, substantially, that if the The bill for increasing the salaries of the
demand of the executive for his release be not judges of the United States' courts, was definite-
complied with, the offence ought to be visited ly posponed.
with severe retribution.

Friday, April 31. The Senate resumed the
The bill adjusting the claims to lands, and es- navigation bill, which was ordered to be engros-
tablishing land offices, east of the island of New. sed and read a third time.
Drleans was rejected, 13 to 9.

Mr. Tate, from the naral committee, reported


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