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The Speaker read a letter from Lord Cochrane, asserting his innocence, and requesting to attend upou any motion for expelling him.

Lord Castlereagh, on presenting extracts of two Dispatches from himself to Lord Liverpool, dated April 17 and 24, said, that he had assented to the Treaty between the Allied Powers and Napoleon only so far as that treaty went to secure a territorial possession to his family.

Mr. Peele obtained leave to bring in a Bill for the better Preservation of the public Peace in Ireland; by authorizing the Lord Lieutenant, iu certain cases, to declare a district disturbed, and in such event to appoint a police-officer to reside as a magistrate in that district, with a house and adequate salary. The expence of the establishment to be paid by a fine levied upon the disturbed district when tranquillity was restored.

Lieutenant-General the Hon. Sir Wil liam Stewart, K. B. being come to the House, Mr. Speaker acquainted him, that the House had, upon the 7th day of July 1813, resolved, That the Thanks of this House be given to him, for his great exertions upon the 21st, June 1813, near Vittoria, when the French Army was com-. pletely defeated by the Allied Forces under the Marquis of Wellington's command; and Mr. Speaker gave him the 'Thanks of the House accordingly, as followeth ;

"Lieutenant-General Sir William Stew

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art, I have to thank you, in the name of your Country, for a series of signal and splendid services; and first, for that which yourgallantry atchieved in the battle of Vittoria. When the Usurper of the Spanish Crown put his fortunes to the last hazard, it was the brave Second Division of the Allied Army, directed by Lord Hill, and acting under your command, which began the operations of that memorable day, and by its irresistible valour mainly contributed to that victory, which drove back the armies of France to their own frontier, and rescued the Peninsula from its invaders and oppressors. By your atchievements in that field of glory, you enrolled your name amongst the distinguished offi. cers upon whom this House bestowed the honour of its Thanks; and I do therefore now, in the name and by the command of the Commons of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, in Parliament assembled, deliver to you their Unanimous Thanks, for your great exertions, in the splendid and decisive Victory obtained on the 21st of June 1813, near Vittoria, when the French Army was completely defeated and routed, with the total loss of all its artillery, stores, and baggage."

Upon which Lieutenant-General Sir William Stewart said;

"Mr. Speaker, Unaccustomed as I am to express my sentiments before so important an assembly of my Countrymen, or to receive praise for what few services I: may have rendered in my profession in so liberal and so generous a manner as you have now conveyed the sense of this. House, I am at a loss to make any ade-: quate return; I feel, however, deeply on this proud occasion: I should be ungrateful if I were to take to myself much of the merit that you have been pleased to ascribe to my services in the particular. action in question; for to those who gallantly supported me is the merit due :: I cannot advert to that battle, and not submit to the memory, and, if I may use the term, to the affection of this House, the name of one gallant officer upon whom the brunt of the contest particularly fell; I mean, Sir, the late Colonel Cadogan; the fall of that Officer was glorious, as his last moments were marked by the success. of a favourite regiment, upon the magnanimity of whose conduct he kept his eyes fixed during the expiring hour of a well-finished life. I should be ungrateful for the services which were rendered me by Colonel Cameron and by General Byng, on that and on all occasions, if I were not thus publicly to advert to them in my. present place; for to their exertions and support am I indebted for the success of those measures of which I am reaping the rich reward from any Country at your too generous hand this day. Permit me, Sir, to repeat my gratitude for the too kind and too flattering manner in which you have communicated the sense of this House to me this day; I should be truly ungrateful if I did not feel the honour in its full force, and I should be doubly so towards you, Sir, if I were inseusible to the peculiarly: distinguished mode in which you have now. conferred that honour upon me."

Major-General William Henry Pringle. being also come to the House, and Lieu tenant-General the Honourable Sir William Stewart being present, Mr. Speaker ac quainted them that the House had, upon the 8th day of November last, resolved that the Thanks of this House be given to them for the valour, stea-: diness, and exertion, so successfully displayed by them in repelling the repeated attacks made on the positions of the Allied Army by the whole French force, under the command of Marshal Soult, between the 25th of July and 1st of August last; and Mr. Speaker gave them the Thanks of the House accordingly, as fol loweth ;

"Lieutenant-General Sir William Stewart and Major-General Pringle,It is my duty now to deliver to you conjointly the Thanks of this House, for your gallant and meritorious services in those memorable actions which completed the liberation

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of Spain. The inhabitants of the Pyrenees, who witnessed those mighty conflicts, will long point out to their admiring Countrymen, those various heights and passes where the valour of British troops under your command at some times repelled the attacks of superior force, where at other times its steadiness effected a retreat which only led to more certain victory, and where, finally, it returned with an overwhelming pursuit upon the broken ranks of the Enemy: they will also point out, those spots where the gallant officers whom we now see amongst us fought through long and toilsome days, where a Stewart made his stand, and where the noblest blood of Scotland was shed in its defences. The Historian of those Campaigns will also record that your exploits were honoured with the constant and unqualified praises of that illustrious Commander, whose name stands highest upon our roll of military renown. important share in those operations, this House thought fit to bestow upon you the acknowledgments of its gratitude; and I do now accordingly, in the name and by the command of the Commons of this United Kingdom, deliver to you their Unanimous Thanks for the valour, steadiness, and exertion, so successfully displayed by you, in repelling the repeated attacks made on the positions of the Allies by the whole French force under Marshal Soult, between the 25th of July and 1st of August last, and for your undaunted perseverance, by which the Allied Army was finally established on the frontier of France."

For your

Upon which Lieut.-Gen. Sir William Stewart said:

"Mr. Speaker,-As I have before had the honour of stating, I must feel, Sir, that to others is due from me, while receiving the highest honour that can be bestowed on a British Soldier, the report of their admirable conduct during the actions in question: supported as I was by my gallant friend on my right, by such corps as the 924 Highlanders, or the 50th British infantry, I should have been without excuse if a less firm stand had been made on the positions of the Pyrenees than was made; I should have done injustice to the design of our great Captain, and to the instructions of my own immédiate Commander, if I had less exerted myself than I did on these occasions. - That our endeavours have met with the approbation of our Country, and have received from you, Sir, so generous an expression of that approbation, is the proudest event of our lives; it ought and will animate us to

*Major-General Pringle.

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"Mr. Speaker, I am highly sensible of the honour I have just received by the Thanks of this House; I consider their approbation as the most honourable reward which a military man can receive, and one far beyond what any feeble efforts of mine can deserve. The able arrangement of the General under whom I served, and the bravery of the troops I had the honour to command, left little to be done by any exertions of mine, which I feel more than amply rewarded by the approbation of this House. The satisfaction I feel on this occasion is still further increased by the very flattering manner in which you have been pleased to communicate the Thanks of the House to me."

Lieutenant-Generals Sir Thomas Picton and Sir Henry Clinton, Knights of the Most honourable Order of the Bath, being also come to the House, and Lieutenant General Sir William Stewart and Major-General William Henry Pringle being present, Mr. Speaker acquainted them, that the House had, upon the 24th day of March last, resolved, That the Thanks of this House be given to them for their able and distinguished conduct throughout the operations which concluded with the entire defeat of the Enemy at Orthes on the 27th of February last, and the occupation of Bourdeaux by the Allied Forces ; and Mr. Speaker gave them the Thanks of the House accordingly, as followeth :

"Lieutenant General Sir Thomas Picton, Eieutenant-General Sir William Stewart, Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Clinton, and Major-General Pringle-You stand amongst us this day, to receive our Thanks for great and signal Victories won by British Arms in the Fields of France.Descending from the Pyrenees, surmounting, in adverse seasons, all the difficulties of a Country deeply intersected, and passing with unparalleled skill and boldness the formidable torrents of Navarre, after a series of arduous and sanguinary conflicts, you came up with the collected forces of the Enemy, posted upon the heights of Orthes. Attacked on all sides by British valour, the troops of France at length gave way, and commenced their retreat; pressed, however, upon each flank, that retreat was soon changed into a flight, and that flight to a total rout: pursuing their broken legions across the Adour, and seizing upon their strong-holds and accumulated resources, you then laid open your way, on the one hand, to the deliverance of Bourdeaux, and, on the other, to the lamented but glorious day of Toulouse. It has been your fortune to reap


the latest laurels in this long and memorble War; and, leading forward your victorious columns from the Tagus to the Caronne, you have witnessed, with arms in your hands, the downfall of that gigantic tyranny which your own prowess has 30 materially contributed to overthrow.Informed of these triumphant exploits, this House lost no time in recording its Thanks to all who had bravely fought the battles of their Country. But to these whom we glory to reckon amongst our own members, it is my duty and happiness to deliver those Thanks personally. And I do now accordingly, in the name and by the command of the Commons of this United Kingdom, deliver to you their Unanimous Thanks for your able and distinguished conduct throughout all those operations which concluded with the entire defeat of the Enemy at Orthes, and the Occupation of Bourdeaux by the Allied Forces of Great Britain, Spain, and Portugal."

Upon which Lieutenant-General Sir Tho mas Picton said;

"Mr. Speaker,-I return my thanks to this honourable House for the honour con ferred upon me."

Lieutenant-General Sir William Stewart, then said;

"Mr. Speaker,-I feel overcome by the repeated honour which you have now conferred on me, and can but ill express what I am sensible of on this occasion of high personal honour; I can only say, Sir, that myself, as well as those who were under my command in the memorable actions alluded to by you, Sir, did our duty to the best of our power, and have now been greatly rewarded. The most happy events have returned us to our Country,

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and that we may act the part of good Citizens, as you have been pleased to say that we have done that of good Soldiers, is our next duty. If future events call us again to the field, a circumstance that may Heaven long avert! our greatest good for tune will be, to serve under the auspices of so generous a House of Commons as that which I now address; and more espe cially to have the generous sentiment of that House communicated through so liberal a channel as has been the case this day." Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Clinton then said:

" Mr. Speaker,-I am very grateful to the House for the honour which has been conferred upon me by their Vote of Thanks for my services in the battle of Orthes.I feel proud to have been thought deserv ing of this high and distinguished reward; and I beg, Sir, that you will accept my best thanks for the obliging terms in which you have conveyed the Vote of the House." Major-General William Henry Pringle then said;

"Mr. Speaker,-I must again repeat the high sense I feel of the honour I have received; and must esteem this as the proudest day of my life, in which my conduct has twice met the approbation of this House."

Lord Palmerstone then submitted the Army Estimates. His intention was to place General Officers on the same footing with Flag-Officers in the Navy. Thus, a Major-General was to have the same pay with a Rear-Admiral; a Lieutenant-Genéral the same pay with a Vice-Admiral; but a General to have no higher pay than a Lieutenant-General. A resolution for granting the sum of 1,546,000l. was then carried.


Downing-street, July 3.

Dispatches, of which the following are a
Copy and an Extract, have been receiv
ed from Lieut.-gen. Sir G. Prevost, bart.

Head-quarters, L'Acadie, March 31. My Lord, I had scarcely closed the Session of the Provincial Legislature, when information arrived of the Enemy having concentrated a considerable force at Plattsburgh, for the invasion of Lower Canada. Major-gen. Wilkinson advanced on the 19th inst. to Chazy, and detached Brig.-gen. M'Comb, with a corps of riflemen and a brigade of infantry, in sleighs, across the ice, to Isle La Mothe, and from thence to Swanton, in the State of Vermont. On the 22d this corps crossed the line of separation between the United States and Lower Canada, and took possession of Phillipsburg, in the seigniory of St. Armand; and on the 23d several

guns followed, and a judicious position was selected and occupied, with demonstrations of an intention to establish themselves there in force. Having previously assembled at St. John's and its vicinity, the 13th and 49th regiments, and the Canadian Voltigeurs, with a sufficient field train and one troop of the 19th light dragoons, I placed the whole under the command of Col. Sir S. Beckwith, and ordered him to advance to dislodge the Enemy, should circumstances not disclose this movement to be a feint made to cover other operations. On this I left Quebec. On my route I received a report from Major-gen. De Rottenburg, of the Enemy having retired precipitately from Phillipsburg on the 26th, and again crossed Lake Cham plain, for the purpose of joining the main body of the American army at Champlain Town. On the 30th, the Enemy's light


troops entered Odell Town, followed by three brigades of iufantry, commanded by Brig.-gens. Smith, Bisset, and M.Comb, and composed of the 4th, 6th, 10th, 13th, 14th, 20th, 23d, 25th, 29th, 30th, and 34th regiments, a squadron of cavalry, and one eighteen, three twelve, and four six-pounders, drove in our picquets on the road leading from Odell Town to Burtonville, and commenced an attack on the latter position, but were so well received by the light troops, supported by the grenadiers of the Canadian Fencibles, that it was not persevered in; and the brigades in advance were directed upon the post at La Cole, entrusted to Major Handcock, of the 13th regt. whose able conduct on this occasion your Lordship will find detailed in the accompanying report from Lieut. col. Williams of the 13th, who had the charge of the advanced posts on the Richelieu. In consequence of the sudden rise of water in every direction, from the melting of the snow and ice, it was with extreme difficulty the Enemy withdrew their cannon; and it is now almost impossible for either party to make a movement, The troops brought forward to support those at Burtonville and the mill at La Cole, were obliged to wade through mud and water up to their waists for miles, before they could attain the points they were directed to occupy. The Indian warriors alone were able to hang on the Enemy's rear, whilst retreating to Champlain Town. 1 have ascertained the loss of the American army to have exceeded 300 men in killed and wounded; it is also stated, that many of their officers suffered on this occasion.. GEORGE PREVOST.

Earl Bathurst, &c. &c,

[Here follows a report from Lieut.-col. Williams, relative to the action of La Cole Mill. The Enemy had no success, though their superiority in numbers also frustrated our attempts upon their own batteries. The total loss was 11 privates killed; Capt. Ellard, and Ens. Whitford, 13th regiment slightly wounded, and 4 privates missing.]

[The second dispatch from Sir G. PreVost is dated Montreal, May 18. It announces that the Enemy, after having garrisoned Platsburg, Burlington, and Vincennes, had gradually withdrawn the residue of his forces from Lower Canada. Two new ships, constructed during the win ter at Kingston, gave us that superiority on the Lake, from which we very soon gained the most important practical results. Among these was the complete Success of the Expedition sent against Oswego, which is fully detailed in the following report from Lieut.-gen. Drummond who commanded it.

H. M. S. Prince Regent,

off Oswego, May 7.

Sir, I am happy to have to announce to your Excellency the complete success of the expedition against Oswego. The troops mentioned in my dispatch of the 3d inst. viz. six companies of De Watteville's regiment under Lieut.-col. Fischer, the light company of the Glengary light infantry under Captain Mac Millan, and the whole of the 2d batt. royal marines under Lieut.-col. Malcolm, having been embarked with a detachment of the royal artillery under Capt. Cruttenden, with two field pieces, a detachment of the rocket company under Lieut. Stevens, and a detachment of sappers and miners under Lieut. Gosset of the royal engineers, on the evening of the 3d inst.; I proceeded on board the Prince Regent at daylight on the 4th, and the squadron immediately sailed: the wind being variable, we did not arrive off Oswego until noon the following day. The ships lay-to within long gun-shot of the battery; and the gunboats, under Capt. Collier, were sent close in, for the purpose of inducing the Enemy to show his fire, and particularly the number and position of his guns. This service was performed in the most gallant manner, the boats taking a position within point blank shot of the fort, which returned the fire from our guns, one of them heavys The Enemy did not appear to have any guns mounted on the town side of the river. Having sufficiently reconnoitred the place, arrangements were made for its attack which it was decided should take place at eight o'clock that evening; but at sun-set a very heavy squall blowing directly on the shore, obliged the squadron to get under weigh, and prevented our return till the next morning; when the following disposition was made of the troops and squadron by Commodore Sir James Yeo and myself:

The Princess Charlotte, Wolfe, and Royal George to engage the batteries, as close as the depth of water would permit of their approaching the shore; the Sir Sydney Smith schooner to scour the town, and keep in check a large body of militia who might attempt to pass over into the fort. The Moira and Melville brigs to tow the boats with the troops, and them cover their landing by scouring the woods on the low point towards the foot of the hill, by which it was intended to advance to the assault of the fort. Capt. O'Connor had the direction of the boats and guns boats destined to land the troops, which consisted of the flank companies of De Watteville's regiment, the company of the Glengarry light infantry, and the 2d batt. of the royal marines, being all that could be landed at one embarkation. The four battalion companies of the regiment of Watteville,


Watteville, and the detachment of artillery, remaining in reserve on board the Princess Charlotte and Sir Sydney Smith schooner. As soon as every thing was ready, the ships opened their fire, and the Boats pushed for the point of disembark Miod in the most regular order. The nding was effected under a very heavy tre from the fort, as well as from a considerable body of the Enemy, drawn up on the brow of the hill and in the woods. The immediate command of the troops was intrusted to Lieut.-col. Fischer, of the regiMent de Watteville, of whose gallant, cool, and judicious conduct, as well as the disLinguished bravery, steadiness, and discipline of every officer and soldier composing this small force, I was a witness, having with Commodore Sir J. Yeo, the Deputy- Adjutant-general, and the officers of my staff, landed with the troops. I refer your Excellency to Lieut.-col. FisCher's letter, inclosed, for an account of the operations.-The place was gained in ten minutes from the moment the troops advanced. The fort being every where almost open, the whole of the garrison, consisting of the 3d battalion of artillery, about 400 strong, and some hundred miliha, effected their escape, with the excepGion of about 60 men, half of them severely wounded. I enclose a return of dur loss, amongst which I have to regret that of Capt. Holloway, of the royal marines. Your Excellency will lament to observe in the list the name of that gallant, judicious, and excellent officer, Capt. Molcaster, of the royal navy, who landed at the head of 200 volunteers, seamen from the fleet, and received a severe and

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dangerous wound, when within a few yards of the guns, which he was advancing to storm; which I fear will deprive the squadron of his valuable assistance for some time at least. I enclose a memorandum of the captured articles that have been brought away, in which your Excellency will see with satisfaction seven heavy guns that were intended for the Enemy's new ship. Three 32-pounders were sunk by the Enemy in the river, as well as a large quantity of cordage and other naval stores. The loss to them, therefore, has been very great; and I am sanguine in believing, that by this blow they have been deprived of the means of completing the armament, and particularly the equipment of a large man of war- an object of the greatest importance. [The General concludes with expressions of the utmost admiration of the officers and men employed in the expedition.] GORDON DRUMMOND.

[A Report from Lieut.-col. Fischer of De Watteville's regt. announces the successful assault of the Fort of Oswego, by the troops under his command; and a letter from Commodore Sir James Yeo gives another account of the above operations. It appears from these reports, that the total loss at Oswego was 18 killed, 73 wounded, and 12 missing.]

Officer killed-Capt. Wm. Holloway, 2d batt. royal marines, Officers Wounded Capt. Mulcaster, of the Princess Charlotte, dang.; Capt. Popham, of the Montreal, sev.; Lieut. Griffin, acting, of the Prince Regent, sev.; Mr. Richardson, arm amputated; Capt. Lendergerw, De Watteville's regt. sev.; Lieut. Victor May, dangerously (since dead).


The Moniteur of the 15th inst. contained a long Report upon the State of the Kingdom, presented by order of the King to the Chamber of Deputies. It was read by the Abbé de Montesquiou, Minister of the Interior, occupies 11 columns of the Moniteur, and draws a deplorable picture of the state of France. The following is a faithful Abstract of it:

"His Majesty, on assuming the reins of Government, was desirous to make known to his people the state in which he found France. The cause of the misfortunes which broke down our country has disappeared; but its effects remain; and for a long time further, under a Government which will devote itself solely to repara tion, France will suffer under the wounds inflicted by a Government which gave itself up to the business of destruction. It is necessary, therefore, that the nation should be informed of the extent and the GENT. MAC. July, 1814.

cause of its misfortunes, in order to be able to set a due value upon, and to second the cares which are to sooth and retrieve them. Thus enlightened upon the extent and nature of the mischief, it will in future be required only to participate in the laboars and exertions of the King, to reestablish what has been destroyed not by him, to heal wounds not inflicted by him, and to repair wrongs to which he is a stranger.-War, without doubt, has been the principal cause of the ills of France. History presented not any example of a great nation incessantly precipitated against its will into enterprizes constantly increasing in hazard and distress. The world has now seen, with astonishment mingled with terror, a civilized people compelled to exchange its happiness and repose for the wandering life of barbarous hordes; the ties of families have been broken; fathers have grown old far from their children; and children have been


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