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tory, in like manner, when it endeayours to ascend beyond a certain period, becomes vague and undefined. Conjecture in place of fact, and romantic hypothesis in place of accurate description, are all that can reasonably be expected from the "prima semina disjuncta rerum," the jarring principles of things.

The habits and manners of a people, however rude or uncivilized, present to our minds a picture worthy at all times of contemplation; and where are these pictures to be found so faithfully accurate as in National Poetry and Songs ?

What can be of greater utility; what can give a stronger impulse to the investigating and philosophical mind, than the history of imaginations and passions, hopes, desires, and fears; their particular bias, their preponderancy over the human heart; and the invigorating effect which they have upon society and manners?

All writers, of whatever age or country, agree in one point, that Poetry was the primary language of the world: its origin is conjectured to be coeval with creation, and man is generally supposed to have delivered his sentiments in measured cadence *. A celebrated French author has very judiciously remarked, "That the dance, and accompaniment with instrument or voice, is to be found wherever society exists, no matter however rude or uncivilized t." It is also affirmed by a learned and elegant Critic of our own country, that the bold and energetic language, the hieroglyphic personifications, of original States, must have burst forth in spontaneous numbers: hence, says he, an American chief at this day harangues at the head of his tribe in a more bold and animated style than a modern European would venture to use in an epic poem t. Thus far then we are led to believe that Song was the original effusion of man in the infancy of his being, while Nature was as yet in the golden stage of her existence, and Astrea remained in the peaceful habitations of mortals. How curious, how interesting is it, to be made acquainted with the genuine effusions of

*Burney's Hist. of Music, Book I. + Querelon, Memoire sur la Chanson. Critical Dissertation on the Poems of Ossian.

the human mind in the state of primitive innocence and simplicity, before interest or avarice had warped and polluted it! There is an original Charibbean Ode preserved in Montaigne's Essays, which is remarkable for its beauty and native simplicity.

"Snake, stay; O snake! loveliest of insects, stay, till my sister has drawn from thy painted skin the pattern of a rich ribbon, which I mean to present to my mistress; so may thy beauty and thy disposition raise thee above all other serpents: Stay, O snake, stay §."

The manners of the earlier ages of society were, in general, highly favourable to the cultivation of Poetry and Song. Covetousness had not as yet sapped, nor effeminacy shackled the march of the human understanding.

Free from the anxieties and cares of life, men wandered on heedless of the present, and careless as to the future. Hunting and fishing were their principal employments; and their domestic amusement, the music of the Bard, listening to the descriptions of those who had passed away, or train ing their children to the use of the lyre and the bow.

When war, in after ages, became in of their attention, still the Song had a great measure the principal object its predominant effect, and to "re ceive their fame" was the height of their ambition. He was deemed an unfortunate warrior who had fallen unnoticed and unknown: his name was not recorded on the four grey stones; his bow and his dogs had not accom panied him into the land of the sha dow; and his ghost was unpropitiated by the Song of the Bard.

But there is, perhaps, no species of composition which so universally captivates the mind, and conveys so accu rate a delineation of men and manners, as the Metrical Romances or Histo rical Legends of the early Minstrels. In these representations we become doubly interested: to know what our forefathers said or thought upon the various situations of human affairs, must be to enter at once into their most secret recesses, and to lay open to our view the whole of the arcana of their ways and manuers, customs and su perstitions. Hence the avidity with which they are in general received by the publick, and treasured up from

§ Montaigne's Essays, B. I. C, 30.



His second grandson, William Noel, esq. was one of the king's counsel recorder and M. P. for Stamford; chief justice of Chester, and justice of the Common Pleas in 1757. His eldest brother, Sir Clobery Noel, was M. P. for Leicestershire 1727, and died 1788. His eldest son Sir Edward Noel succeeded to the barony of Wentworth on the death of Lady Wentworth 1745, and was created Viscount Wentworth of Whellesburgh 1762. He died 1774 and was succeeded by his only son, the present Viscount Wentworth, who is now lord of the manor, and patron of the rectory, of Kirkby Malory.

His Lordship resides at Kirkby Hall, a handsome and commodious mansion, which was (except the South front) rebuilt by the late Viscount Wentworth. It consists of many good and comfortable apartments, in which are several antient and modern family portraits. The library contains a large and excellent collection of books. The offices and stables are spacious and convenient. The ground in the park is pleasantly diversified with hill and dale, well wooded with fine elms and oaks, and ornamented with a canal of

running water. Good views of this Mansion are given in Nichols's "History of Leicestershire."

The Church (see Plate II.) dedicated to All Saints, is neat within, and consists of an embattled tower, surmounted by a light and handsome pinnacle; a long nave; and a chancel. The church well pewed, and has a good gallery.

The Parsonage, a neat house, situated on a beautiful spot, commanding one of the finest views in the county, was built by the Rev. Clobery Noel; and it was altered and enlarged by his successor, the Rev. Rowney Noel, D. D. Dean of Salisbury. The present rector is the Rev. Thomas Noel, M. A.

The following epitaph in the church seems to demand insertion, as a tribute to a Naval Hero:

"This monument is erected to the memory

of Thomas Noel, esq. Captain in the Royal Navy, third son of Sir Clobery Noel, bart. who in every station performed the part of a diligent, skilful, and gallant officer; and, persevering in his duty with true courage to the last,

fell with honour in the service of his


Being commander of his Majesty's ship
Princess Louisa,

in the engagement with the French near

on the 20th of May, 1756,

he was mortally wounded; and dying on the 5th of June following, in the 39th year of his age, was buried in the English Church at Gibraltar."

The Church contains many other epitaphs, particularly of the Noel family, all of which are given in the "History of Leicestershire," with a full history of the place, and its noble owners; and from which work the preceding particulars have been extracted.

By the Return to Parliament in 1811, Kirkby Malory contained 2 uninhabited bouses, and 51 houses occu pied by 53 families, (48 of which were employed in agriculture, and 3 in trade, and 2 not comprized in the preceding classes,) consisting of 122 males, and 126 females, total 248. Yours, &c.


B. N.

Rith and Brougham last Summer,

Dec. 31. ETURNING to London by Pen

my attention was attracted by a Pillar, standing on a gently-rising ground on the South side of the road, about a mile this side of the latter place. On examination, I found it to have been erected in the year 1656, by the Countess Dowager of Pembroke; a woman so justly celebrated for her many excellent qualities, that a little description of this memorial, with four of the numerous castles belonging to her, and which, under her munificence, were repaired and preserved from demolition, may, I presume, not be unacceptable. This pillar is between seven and eight feet high, and about three in diameter, of an octagonal form, with capital and base: it supports a square block of stone, on two sides of which are sun-dials, on a third the arms of Veteriponts and Clifford, impaling Russell, surmounted by an earl's coronet; and on the fourth, the following inscription, on a brass plates

"This pillar was erected, anno 1656, by the Right Honourable Ann Countess Dowager of Pembroke, &c. and sole heire of the Right Honourable George Earl of Cumberland, &c. for a memorial


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