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by a smart fire, and instant charge, we commenced the attack, forced them from their position, putting them before us, in full retreat to the rear of their artillery, where they again made a stand, shewing a disposition to outflank us on the right; a movement was instantly made by Lieut. Pearce's division to force them from that quarter; and it was at this time, while animating his men in the most heroic manner, that Sir P. Parker received his mortal wound, which obliged him to quit the field, and he expired in a few minutes. Lieut. Pearce, with his division, soon routed the Enemy, while that under my command gained and passed the camp. One of the field pieces was momentarily in our possession, but we were obliged to quit it from superior numbers.--The marines, under Lieuts. Beynon and Poe, formed our centre, and never was bravery more conspicuous. Finding it impossible to close on the Enemy, from the rapidity of their retreat, having pursued them up. wards of a mile, I deemed it prudent to retire towards the beach, which was effected in the best possible order, taking with us from the field 25 of our wounded, the whole we could find, the Enemy not even attempting to regain the ground they had lost. From three prisoners (cavalry) taken by us, we learnt their force amount ed to 500 militia, a troop of horse, and five pieces of artillery; and since, by flags of truce, I am led to believe their number much greater.-Repelling a force of such magnitude with so small a body as we opposed to them, will, I trust, speak for itself; and although our loss has been severe, I hope the lustre acquired to our arms will compensate for it. Permit me, Sir, to offer to your notice the conduct of Mr. J. S. Hore, master's mate of this ship, who on this as well as on other trying occasions, evinced the greatest zeal and gallantry. In justice to Sub-Lieutenant Johnson, commanding the Jane tender, I must beg to notice the handsome manner in which he has at all times volunteered his services.-Herewith I beg leave to enclose you a list of the killed, wounded, and missing in this affair.-I bave the honour to be, &c. H. CREASE, Act.-com. List of Officers, Seamen, and Marines, killed, wounded, &c. belonging to his Majesty's ship Menelaus.
Killed:-Sir P. Parker, bart. captain; J. T. Sandes, mid.; R. Friar and R. Robinson, quar.-mast.; J. Perren, swabber; T. Doris, sail-maker; G. Hall, ordinaryseaman ; J. Evans, serjeant of marines; W. Hooper, W. Davis, R. Johnson, W. Rogers, W. Powell, and R. Jones, marines.
Wounded: T. Fitzmaurice, boatswain'smate, sev.; J. M'Allister, J. Daley, and J. Wilson, able seamen, sev.; J. Mooney, seaman, sev.; M. Cullin, seaman, sl.; J.
Bath, seaman, sev.; J. Samuel, captain of the mast, sl.; J. Cooper and J. Malcolm, seamen, sev.; A. M‘Arthur, captain of the forecastle, sev.; W. Nol, seaman, sl.; T. Toffield, quarter-master's mate, sev.; M. Halligan, quarter-gunner, sl.; B. G. Bayman, lieutenant of marines, sev.; G. Poe, ditto, sl.; J, Listt, J. Harvey, J. Schriber, G. Morrell, and W. Smith, mariues, sl.; W., Golatham, E. Turner, and W. Pritchard, marines, J. Manderson, seaman, J. Rowe, landman, and G. Hobbs, captain of the fore-top, severely.
Lord Torrington has transmitted a letter from Capt. Somerville, of his Majesty's ship Rota, giving an account of his hav ing, on the 31st of July, captured, off the Portugas, the Cora letter of marque brig, carrying four 6 pounders and 28 men, bound from New Orleans to the Havannah,
[Here follows a list of 21 vessels captured or detained by his Majesty's ships on the Leeward Islands station, between the 2d of February and the 13th of June, 1814.]
Admiralty-office, Oct. 1.—Vice-adm: Sir A. Cochrane has transmitted a series ofreports addressed to him by Rear-admiral Cockburn, lately commauding his Majesty's ships and vessels stationed in the Chesapeake, of which the following are abstracts:
June 1.-The Rear-Admiral incloses a letter from Capt. Ross, of H. M. ship Albion, dated off Tangier Sonnd, the 29th of May, giving an account of his having, with the boats of that ship, and the Dragon, proceeded into the river Pungoteak, in Virginia, for the purpose of destroying any batteries or capturing any vessels that he might find there. There were no vessels in the river; but a party of seamen and marines were landed to attack a battery, which they took possession of, after a smart firing, notwithstanding the militia which collected on the occasion, and reembarked, after destroying the work, barracks, and guard-houses, and bringing away a six-pounder gun with its carriage.
June 22.-The Rear-Admiral transmits four letters from Capt. Barrie, of H. M. ship Dragon, dated between the 1st and 19th of June, reporting his proceedings while dispatched by Rear-adm. Cockburn, against the flotilla fitted out at Baltimore, under the orders of Commodore Barney.
On the 1st of June, Capt. Barrie, with the St. Lawrence schooner, and the boats of the Albion aud Dragon, fell in with the flotilla standing down the Chesapeake, and retreated before it towards the Dragon, then at anchor off Smith's Point. This ship having got under weigh, Capt. Barrie wore with the schooner and boats, but the florilla made off and escaped into the Patuxent
On the 6th the flotilla retreated higher up the Patuxent, and Captain Barrie being joined on the following day by the Loire and Jaseur brig, he proceeded up the river with them, the St. Lawrence schooner, and the boats of the Albion and Dragon. The Enemy retreated into St. Leonard's Creek, into which they could only be pursued by the boats, which were too inferior in force to allow of any attack being made by them alone; Captain Barrie endeavoured, however, to provoke the Enemy by rockets and carronades from the boats, to come down within reach of the ship's guns. The flotilla was at one time so much galled by these attacks, that it quitted its position, and chased the boats, and after a slight skirmish with the smaller vessels, it returned precipitately to its original position. With a view to force the flotilla to quit this station, detachments of seamen and marines were landed on both sides of the river, and the Enemy's militia (though assembled to the numbers of three to five hundred), retreating before them into the woods, the marines destroyed two tobacco stores, and several houses which formed military posts. On the 15th the Narcissus joined, and Captain Barrie determined to proceed up the river with twelve boats, having in them one hundred and eighty marines, and thirty of the black colonial corps; they proceeded to Benedict, whence a party of regulars fied at their approach, leaving behind several muskets, and part of their camp equipage, with a six-pounder, which was spiked; a store of tobacco was also found there. Captain Barrie advanced from thence towards Marlborough, and although only eighteen miles from Washington, took possession of the place, the militia and inhabitants flying in the wood. A schooner was loaded with tobacco, and the boats plentifully supplied with stock; after which, having burnt tobacco stores, containing two thousand five hundred hogsheads, the detachment re-embarked, The Enemy collected three hundred and sixty regulars, and some militia, on some cliffs, which the boats had to pass; but some marines being landed, traversed the skirts of the heights, and re-embarked without molestation; and the Enemy did not shew himself till the boats were out of gun-shot. Captain Barrie commends, in high terms, the conduct of all the officers
and men, seamen and marines, under his orders, as well as that of the Colonial corps, composed of armed blacks; and Rear-admiral Cockburn takes the opportunity of expressing his high sense of the personal exertions and able conduct displayed by Captain Barrie.
June 25.-The Rear-Admiral transmits a report from Lieutenant Urmston, First of the Albion, of a successful attack made by the boats of the squadron, under the Lieutenant's direction, on a post established by the Enemy at Chissene-sick, ou the main land abreast of Watt's Island. The detachment landed, notwithstanding a fire of grape and musketry, drove the Enemy from the post, and destroyed the guard-houses, &c. bringing away a sixpounder, the only gun of the Enemy at that place. Great gallantry was displayed by all employed on this occasion.
July 6.-The Rear-admiral incloses two reports addressed to him by Captains Brown and Nourse, of the Loire and Severn; the former, dated the 27th of June, states, that the Enemy having established a battery on the banks of the Patuxent, which opened on the Loire and Narcissus, he had judged it proper to move the two ships lower down the river, when the flotilla under Commodore Barney moved out of St. Leonard's Creek, and ran higher up the Patuxent, with the exception of one row boat, which returned to the Creek, apparently damaged by the fire of the frigates. The letter from Captain Nourse, dated the 7th of July, reports his joining the ships in the Patuxent; and having moved them up beyond St. Leonard's Creek, he sent Captain Brown with the marines of the ships up the Creek, by whom two of the Enemy's gun-boats that were found drawn up and scuttled, were with other vessels burnt, and a large tobacco-store destroyed.
July 19.-The Rear-admiral states, that having been joined by a battalion of marines, he proceeded up the Potowmack with a view to attack Leonard's town, the capital of St. Mary's county, where the 36th regiment was stationed. The marines were landed under Major Lewis, whilst the boats pulled up in front of the town; but, on discovering the British, the Enemy's armed force quitted the place, and suffered them to take quiet possession of it. A quantity of stores belonging to the 36th regiment, and. a number of arms of different descriptions, were found there and destroyed; a quantity of tobacco, four, provisions, and other articles were brought away in the boats and in a schooner lying off the town. Not a musket being fired, nor an armed enemy seen, the town was accordingly spared.
[These Abstracts shall be continued in our Magazine for November.]
ABSTRACT OF FOREIGN OCCURRENCES.
The Journal des Debats lately contained a long article, apparently the production of the Government, enume rating the benefits derived from the restoration of the Bourbons, and dwelling upon the advantages which, in the course of a few months, have resulted to France from the Administration of Louis XVIII. The insertion of this article seems in tended to counteract the effect of the publications unfavourable to the Bourbons which have been circulated in Paris, and for distributing which, the same paper informs us, in another paragraph, that six booksellers have been arrested; adding, that one of the pamphlets was written by a Septembrizer, and another by a Regicide. Two other booksellers have since been taken up, for vending a "Memoir by the celebrated Carnot." Carnot says in his own des fence, that the publication was against his wishes; but he does not deny having written and addressed it to the King in July last. Carnot is a strict republican; he was one among the few who refused to take the oath to Buonaparte as Emperor; and the work now referred to was intended to prove, not only that the murder of Louis XVI. was just and reasonable, but that those faithful subjects who bore arms in his cause were the real regicides, including, of course, in his abuse, the Monarch whom he addressed, and all the surviving members of the Royal Family. Against Carnot's Memoir, the Emigrants are represented to be particularly enraged. Carnot accuses them of having produced much of the misery and mischief of the Revolu tion; he asserts that their extravagance before the Revolution drained the finan cas and impaired the popularity of the Government; that they were the first to set the example of breaking down all respect for the King, by, ridiculing his simple and moral habits; that when he was surrounded by difficulties and dan, gers which they had in a great measure produced, they left him to his fate, instead of rallying round his throne, and
perishing, if necessary, in its ruins. Carnot complains too, that the promises held out by the constitutional charter.. have not been fulfilled, and that there has been nothing like oblivion of the past. The consequence has been, that, parties have again become active, bitter, and revengeful. Whatever has been the cause, it is, but too true that a party spirit has again shewn itself in Paris,, and with considerable virulence and force. Private letters assign, as one cause of the revival of this spirit, the great quantity of religious ceremonies for events connected with the Revolution. These, by conveying an indirect censure, have given great offence to those who have played principal parts in the Revolution.
The Journal de Paris of the 19th inst. gives an abstract from a Report by M. Laine, President of the Chamber of De puties, relative to St. Domingo. M. Laine is persuaded that that island will submit voluntarily to the royal authority. With respect to the question of the Slave Trade, so particularly connected with it, he says, that the paramount obligation of the faith of treaties precludes any attempt to alter the basis on which it has been settled at the late pacification, reserving to France the right of five years import of negroes. No nation, he says, can, consistently with its own dignity, suffer obligations of this kind to be left unfulfilled. M. Laine, like all his countrymen, treats with great levity the philanthropic, zeal, and exertions of the British people for the abolition of this inhuman traffic; but to attempt to prescribe this philanthropy to other nations, he considers as quite intolerable. Laine and his countrymen are likely to be taught by the Haytian arms the lesson that they refuse to receive from the remonstrances of the friends of mankind in Europe.
The manner in which, the Paris Journals (all of them under the controul of Government) treat the war between this. country and America, affords ample evi, dence of their disposition towards us. It
*Two agents from St. Domingo, sent by Petion to this country, are arrived in London. They are both Mulattoes (one of them a General Officer), and are charged with an important mission to the British Government. They state the decided determination of Christophe and Petion to make one common cause against France, should she attempt the invasion and conquest of the Island. Since the knowledge of the article of the Treaty of Peace by which the French are to carry on the Slave Trade for the term of five years, we are informed, the general hatred. against them has been inflamed to a degree almost indescribable. The English are, on the contrary, held in the highest esteem throughout all parts of St. Do mingo.
is distinctly avowed, that it is the true interest of France to support the Americans.
The favourite topic of late in the Parisian Journals is a hope expressed, that England, having no longer to combat the man who exercised a Continental despotism, will- renounce on her part the monopoly of maritime commerce!
It is said, that M. Talleyrand, the day before his departure for Vienna, dropped his Buonaparte title of Prince of Benevento, and was created by Louis XVIII. Prince Talleyrand.
The King of France has published an ordinance, founded " upon the difficulties of the church," empowering archbishops and bishops to establish seminaries in their respective dioceses, for the education of young men destined for the ecclesiastical state. The growing irreligion of France is, according to all concurrent testimony, most fatal in its effects. Suicide, which used to be considered as peculiarly the vice of Englishmen, has become in a much more marked degree that of the French; and it is reported, that scarce a night passes in which some miserable creature does not put an end to his mortal existence by drowning himself in the Seine.
The state of the manners and morals in France is described by English travellers, to be totally unhinged and disgusting; the insults constantly offered to our countrymen, and even to English women, are gross and vulgar in the extreme. One writer says, "In short, I am persuaded, that a single monster (Buonaparte) has done more to demoralize and uncivilize this country, than a century can repair."
The Brussels Papers lately promulgated four Decrees from the Prince Sovereign of Holland, for the regulation of the Belgic Provinces. The first restores the strict observance of Sundays and holidays, which, under the French,. had been almost entirely neglected. The second interdicts the use of the French language in official documents, which are to be drawn up in Flemish. The third opens a credit of 200,000 francs, for the relief of the inferior Clergy; and the fourth provides for the Government of Belgium during his Royal Highness's absence.
The Sovereign of the Netherlands has also issued a decree in favour of the liberty of the press. It abrogates the system in force under Buonaparte, and allows every one to publish whatever he thinks proper; but renders all persons concerned in the publication responsible for the nature of the work.
We learn that the province of Catalonia has sent a deputation to Madrid to claim the liberation of those of its Deputies, members of the Cortes, who have been thrown into prison. In Madrid itself, new arrests have taken place; and the two enterprising Guerilla Chiefs, the Minas, are in insurrection against the Government, on the side of Navarre, in which they are said to have a great many followers. All is fear and distrust on the part of the Government, and discontent and resistance on the part of the people. It is stated in private letters from Paris, of the 8th, that the Minas had become so strong as to have collected a force of 18,000 men, and so daring as to attempt to surprise Pampeluna on the 27th ult. in which they failed, from the treachery of some of their officers.
There has been a contest at Cadiz between the party of the Cortes and that of the King; in which the former were worsted, and eight of the Chiefs were executed.
Disturbances are now acknowledged to exist throughout New and Old Castile, Estremadura, Valentia, and Catalonia, to such an extent, that the Secretary at War is officially authorised to send at his discretion bodies of foot and horse to exterminate the offenders. Neither these offenders nor their offences are at all described in the official order published on the occasion; a document of which it is not easy to speak in terms of sufficient abhorrence. It ordains, that a permanent military commission shall be established in each of the above provinces; that all malefactors taken in the open country shall be brought before them; that no other tribunal can claim jurisdiction; that these tribunals may proceed without confronting witnesses; and that their sentences, unless disapproved by the Governor of the province, shall be executed without delay.
The re-establishment of the Inquisition turns out to be by no means a measure of mere form. Not less than 90 arrests are said to have taken place in one night; and the prisons are not large enough to contain the state prisoners.
The Spanish General Alava has been sent to the prison of the Inquisition in Spain. This General was a Captain in the navy, and commanded a ship in the battle of Trafalgar. He was among the early patriots on Buonaparte's usurpation, and sacrificed his fortune through attachment to his country.
There is a curious circular order noticed under the head of Madrid, by which all Archbishops and Bishops are ordered to retire from Court as speedily as possible.
This looks as if even among the Clergy there were some whose presence occasioned Ferdinand a little trouble.
King Charles and the Queen are determined to remain at Rome. King Ferdinand had demanded of the Pope that the Prince of the Peace should be delivered up to him, to be tried in Spain. King Charles opposed the demand; and the Pope, in consequence, declined complying with it, but offered to detain the Prince at Pesaro, and have him watched. The Spanish Government, it is said, has obtained a loan of 500,000 piastres from this country; and our Ambassador has procured a postponement for some months of the prohibition relative to the introduction of English merchandize. It is said also, that the Spanish Government will extend to this country the same commercial advantages which it has just given to France.
Murat, King of Naples, is said to have amassed a treasure, by the dextrous management of his revenue, of about four millions sterling. He has long been solicitous to promote an intimate commercial intercourse with the British nation; and to accelerate this purpose, the utmost attention is paid to all British subjects who visit his capital with mersantile views.
Joseph Buonaparte is on the point of purchasing a fine estate of the Duke of Sermonetta, near Rome, valued at 400,000 Roman crowns.-Louis Buonaparte, on a visit to his brother Lucien at Rome, has been presented by his uncle, Cardinal Fesch, to the Pope.
The Knights of Malta have addressed a Memorial to the Allied Sovereigns, pleading the services of their Order to Christendom; and requesting its re-establishment in Corfu, or some other of the yet unappropriated islands of the Mediterranean.
The German Papers lately gave_accounts of the solemn entry of the Emperor of Russia and King of Prussia into Vienna, accompanied by the Emperor of Austria, who went out to meet and receive them with distinguished honours. No less than 1000 cannon were fired, and the whole ceremony was grand and imposing in the extreme.
Imperial reels have been danced at Vienna by the Emperor Alexander with the Empress of Austria, and the Emperor Francis with the Consort of his Russian Majesty. Even the grave King of Prussia has been overcome by the dancing mania: his partner was the Queen of Bavaria. The King of Denmark danced with the Arehduchess Bea
trice, the King of Bavaria with the Duchess of Oldenburgh, and all the minor Princes, Plenipotentiaries, &c. with such partners as suited their rank and circumstances.
The Brussels Gazette has brought us an article, dated Vienna, the 10th inst. which informs us, that a Note which M. Talleyrand has delivered to the Plenipotentiaries of the Allied Powers, announces that France, reduced to the limits of 1792, will not recognise the ag grandizement of certain other Powers beyond their limits at that time. This notification is, doubtless, directed against the accessions of Holland in Belgium, of Austria in Italy, of Prussia on the Rhine, and probably of Russia in Poland. Combining this Protest with the formal postponement of the meeting of the Congress to the 1st of November (as an nounced in a Declaration from Vienna *) we confess that we discover much cause for regret at this unlooked-for delay. The comments of the Moniteur upon the
"The Plenipotentiaries of the Courts who signed the Treaty of Peace of Paris, of the 30th May, 1814, have taken into consideration the 32d article of that treaty, which declares that all the Powers engaged on both sides in the late war, shall send Plenipotentiaries to Vienna, in order to regulate, in a General Congress, the arrangements necessary for completing the enactments of the said treaty; and after having maturely reflected on the situation in which they are placed, and, on the duties imposed upon them, they have agreed that they could not better fulfil them, than by establishing, in the first instance, free and confidential communications between the Plenipotentiaries of all the Powers. But they are at the same time convinced, that it is the interest of all parties concerned, to postpone the general assembly of their Plenipotentiaries, till the period when the questions on which it will be their duty to pronounce shall have attained such a degree of maturity, as that the result may correspond with the principles of public law, the stipulation of the treaty of peace, and the just expecta, tions of Contemporaries. The formal opening of the Congress will therefore be adjourned to the 1st of November; and the said Plenipotentiaries flatter themselves that the labours to which the intervening period shall be devoted, by fixing ideas and conciliating opinions, will essentially advance the great work which is the object of their common mission.-(Moniteur)
"Vienna, Oct. 8, 181).”