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Tonnant, in the Patuxent, Sept. 2. called the Eastern Branch, that bounds Sir I have the honour to acquaint you, Washington to the Eastward, is fordable, for the information of my Lords Commis- and the distance is about five miles. There sioners of the Adiniralty, of the proceed- are two bridges over this river at the city; ings of his Majesty's Combined Sea and but it was not to be expected that the Ene. Land Forces since my arrival with the my would leave them accessible to an infleet within the Capes of Virginia; and I vading army. Previously to my entering beg leave to offer my copgratulations to the Patarxent, i detached Capt. Gordon, their Lordships upon the successful termi- of his Majesty's ship Seahorse, with that nation of an Expedition, in which ebe ship, and the ships and bombs named in whole of the Enemy's flotilla, under Com- the margin *, up the lotowınack, to bommodore Barney, has been captured or de- bard Fort Washington (which is situated stroyed ; his armythough greatly sape- on the left bank of that river, about ten rior in number, and strongly posted, with or twelve miles below the city), with a cannop, defeated at Bladensburg the view of destroying that fort, and opening City of Washington taken, the capitul, a free communication above, as well as to with all the public buildings, military ar- cover the retreat of the army, should its senals, dock-yard, and the rest of their return by the Bladensburg road be found naval establishments, together with a vast too hazardous, from the accession of quantity of naval and military stores, a strength the Enemy might obtain from frigate of the largest class ready to launch, Baltimore; it was also reasonable to exand a sloop of war afloat, either blown up pect, that the militia from the country to of reduced to ashes.--Such a series of the Northward and Westward would fock successes in the centre of an Enemy's in, so soon as it should be known that their country, surrounded by a numerous popu- capital was threatened. Capt. Sir Peter fation, could not be acquired without loss; Parker, in the Menelaus, with some small and we have to lament the fall of some vessels, was sent up the Chesapeake, above valuable officers and men; but, consider- Baltimore, to divert the attention of the ing the difficulties the forces had to colle Enemy in that quarter; and I proceeded tead with, the extreme heat of the cli. with the remainder of the naval force and mate, and their coming into action at the the troops up this river, and landed the end of a long maich, our casualties are army upon the 19th and 20th at Benedict. astonishingly few.--My letter of the 11th --So soon as the necessary provisions and of August, will have acquainted 'their stores could be assembled and arranged, Lord'ships of my waiting in the Chesa- Major-gen. Eoss, wirh his army, moved peake for the arrival of Rear-adm.:Mal. towards Nottingham, while our forilla, colm, with the expedition from Bermuda consisting of the armed launches, pinThe Rear-Admiral joined me on the naces, barges, and

other boats of 371h, and as I had gained information from the feet, under the command of RearRear-adm. Cockburn, whom I found in the admiral Cockburn, passed up the river, Potowmack, that Commodore Parney, being instructed to keep upon the right with the Baltimore flotilla, had taken shel- flank of the army, for the double purpose der at the head of the Patuxent, this af- of supplying it with provisions, and, if forded a pretext for ascending that river necessary, to pass it over to the left bank to attack him near its source, above Pig of the river, into Calvert County, which Point, while the ultimate destination of secured a safe retreat to the ships, should the combined force was Washington, it be judged necessary.--The army reachshould it be found that the attempt might ed Nottingham upon the 21st, and on the be made with any prospect of success. following day arrived at Marlborough: To give their Lordships a more correct idea the flotilla continued advancing towards of the place of attack, I send a sketch of the station of Commodore Barney, about the country upon which the movenients of three miles above Pig Point, who, although the army and nary are pourtrayed; by it much superior in force to that sent against their Lordships will observe, that the best him, did not wait an attack, but, at the approach to Washington is by Port 'To- appearance of our boats, set fire to his bacco upon the Potowmac, and Benedict fotilla, and the whole of his vessels, exupon the Patuxent, from both of which cepting one, were blown up.--For the are direct and good roads to that city, and particulars of this well-executed service, I their distances nearly alike; the roads must refer their Lordships to Rear-adm. from Benedict divide about five miles in- Cockburn's report, No. 1, who, on the band; the one by Piscata way and Bla. same evening, conveyed to me an account densburg, the other following the course of his success, and intimation from Ma: of the river, although at some distance jor-gen. Ross, of his intention to proceed from it, owing to the creeks that run up to the city of Washiogton, considering, the country; this last passes through the towns of Nottingham and Marlborough to * Euryalus, Devastation, Etna, Meteor, Bladensburg, at wbick-town the river Manly, and Erebus.


from the information he had received, that ployed both with the flotilla and with the iť might be assailed, if done with alacrity; army, in the whole of their proceedings, and in consequence had' determined to I beg leave to refer their Lordships to him march that evening upon Bladensburg, for any farther particulars. I have not The remaining boats of the fleet were im- yet received any return from the ships emmediately employed in conveying up the ployed in the Potowmack, the winds bava river supplies of provisions for the forces ing been unfavourable to their coming upon their return to Nottingham, agree- down; but by the information I gain froia ably to an arrangement made by the Rear- the country peopre, they have completely admiral, who proceeded on in company, gucceeded in the capture and destruction with the army.

The report No. 2, of of Fort Washington, which has been Rear-Admiral Cockburn's, will inform their blown up. I have the honour to be, &c. Lordships of the brilliant successes of the

Alex. COCHRANE, forces after their departure from Marl- Vice-Admiral and Commander in Chief. borough, where they returned upon the 26th, and having reached Benedict upon Resolution Tender, of Dlount Calvert, the 29th, the expedition was embarked in

22d Aug. good order.-On combined services, such Sir, I have the honour to inform you, as we have been engaged in, it gives me that after parting froin you at Benedict the greatest pleasure to find myself united on the evening of the 20th inst. I proceedwith so able and experienced an officer as ed up the Patuxent with the boats and Major-gen. Ross, in whom are blended tenders, the marines of the ships being those qualities so essential to promote suc- embarkell in them, under the command of cess, where co-operation between the two Capt. Robyns (the senior officer that services becomes necessary; and I have corps in the feet), and the marine artillery much satisfaction in noticing the unani- under Capt. Harrison, in their two tenmity that prevailed between the army and ders; the Severn and Hebrus frigates, and.. navy; as I have also in stating to their the Manly sloop, being directed to follow Lordships that Major-gen. Ross has ex- us up the river, as far as might prove pressed his full approbatün of the con- practicable. The boats and tenders I duct of the officers, seamen, and marines placed in three divisions: the first under acting with the army.--I have before had the immediate command of Capts. Sulli, occasion to speak of the unremitting zeal van (the senior commander employed ou and exertion of Rear-adın. Cockburn, dure the occasion) and Badcock ; the secoud, ing the time he commanded in the Chesa- under Capts. Money and Somerville; the peake under my orders: the interest and third, under Capt. Ramsay ; – the whole ability which he was manifested throughout under the superintendance and immediate this late arduous service justly entitle him management of Capt. Wainwright, of the to my best thanks, and to the acknow- Tonnant, Lieut. James Scott (1st of the ledgments of my Lords Commissioners of Albion) attending as my aide-de-canıp:the Admiralty. Rear-admiral Malcolm, I endeavoured to keep with the beats and upon every occasion, and particularly in tenders as nearly as possible abreast of his arrangement for the speedy re-embark- the army under Major-gen. Ross, that I ation of the troops, rendered me essential - might communicate with him as occasion assistance; and to him, as well as to Rear- uffered, according to the plan previously adm. Codrington, captain of the fleet, I arranged: aud about mid-day yesterday am indebied for the alacrity and order I accordingly anchored at the ferry-house with which the laborious duties in the con- opposite Lower Marlborough, where I wnet veying of supplies to the army were the General, and where the army halted conducted. For the conduct of the for some hours, after which he marched captains and officers of the squadron for Nottingham, and I proceeded on for employed with the flotilla and with the

the same place with the boats. On our army, I must beg leave to refer their approaching that iawn a few shots were Lordships to the reports of Rear-adm. exchanged between the leading boats and Cockburn, and to call their favourable some of the Eneiny's cavalry; but the consideration 10 those whom the fear- appearance of our army advancing caused Admiral has had occasion to particularly them to retire with precipitation. Capte. Dotice. While employed immediately. Nourse and Paliner, of the Severn and under my eye, I had every reason to be Hebrus, joined in this day with their perfectly satisfied with their zealous emu- boats, having food it impracticable to lation, as well as that of every seaman get their ships higher than. Benedict. -and marine, to promote the service in The Major General remained with the which they were engaged. Capt. Wain, army at Nortingham, and the boats and wright, of bis Majesty's ship Tonnant, tenders continued anchored off it during will have the honour to deliver this dis.

the nigbe; and soon after day-light this patch to you, and as he was actually en- morning, the whole moved again forward;

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but the wind blowing during the morning able me to confer on our future operations, down the river, and the channel being ex- with the Major-General, who has been cessively narrow, and the advance of our good enough to send his aide-de-camp to tenders consequently slow, I judged it inform me of his safe arrival, with the advisable to push on with the boats only, army under his command, at Upper Marlleaving the tenders to follow as they could. borough. In congratulating you, Sir,

On approaching Pig Point (where the which I do most sincerely, on the complete Enemy's flotilla was said to be), I landed destruction of this flotilla of the Enemy, the marines under Capt. Robyns, on the which has lately occupied so much of our left bank of the river, and directed him to attention, I must beg to be permitted to march round and attack, on the land side, assure you, that the cheerful and indefa. the town situated on the point, to draw tigable exertions on this occasion, of Capts. from us the attention of such troops as Wainwright, Nourse, and Palmer, and of might be there for its defence, and the Capt. Sullivan, the other Commanders, defence of the flotilla : I then proceeded officers and men, in the boats you have on with the boats, and as we opened the placed under my orders, most justly enreach above Pig Pojot, I plainly discover- title them to my warmest acknowledge ed Commodore Barney's broad pendant ments and my earnest recommendation in the headmost vessel, a large sloup, and to your favourable notice. I have, &c. the remainder of the flotilla extending in

G. COCKBURN, Rear-adm. a long line astern of her. Our boats now Sir Alexander Cochrane, K. B. &c. advanced towards them as rapidly as pos. sible; but, on nearing them, we observed Manly, off Nottingham, Patuxent, Aug. 27. the sloop bearing the broad pendant to be Sir, I have the honour to inform you on fire, and she very soon afterwards blew that, agreeably to the intentions I notified up. I now saw clearly that they were all to you in my letter of the 22d inst. I proabandoned, and on fire, with trains to ceeded by land on the morning of the 23d their magazines; and out of the 17 ves- to Upper Marlborough, to meet and consels which composed this formidable fer with Major-gen. Ross as to our further and so much vaunted flotilla, 16 were in operations agaiust the Enemy; and we quick succession blown to atoms, and the were not long in agreeing on the propriety i7th (in which the fire had not taken) of making an immediate attempt on the We captured. The Commodore's sloop. city of Washington.--In conformity there. was a large armed vessel; the others were fore with the wishes of the General, I ingun-boats, all having a long gun in the stantly sent orders for our marine and pabow and a carronade in the stern ; the val forces at Pig Point, to be forthwith calibre of the guns and number of the moved over to Mount Calvert, and for the crew of each differed in proportion to the marines, marine artillery, and a proporsize of the boat, varying from 32-pounders tion of the seamen, to be there landed, and and 60 men, to 18.pounders and 40 men. with the utmost possible expedition to join I found here, lying above the flotilla, un- the army, which I also most readily der its protection, 13 merchant schooners, agreed to accompany. - The Major-genesome of which not being worth bringing ral then made his dispositions, and arrang. away, I caused to be burnt ; such as were ed that Capt. Robyns, with the marines in good condition I directed to be moved of the ships, should retain possession of to Pig Point. Whilst employed in taking Upper. Marlborough, and that the marine these vessels, a few shot were fired at us artillery and seamen should follow the by some of the men of the flotilla from army to the ground it was to occupy for the hushes on the shore near

US; but

the night. The army then moved on, and Lieut. Scott, whom I had landed for that bivouacqued before dark, about five miles purpose, soon got hold of thein, and made

nearer Washington. - In the night Capt. them prisoners. Some horsemen likewise Palmer of the Hebrus, and Capt. Money showed themselves on the neighbouring of the Trave, joined us with the seamen heights, but a rocket or two. dispersed and with the marine artillery, 'under Capt. them : and Capt. Robyns, who had got Harrison ; Capt. Wainwright of the Ton. possession of Pig Point without resistance, nant, had accompanied me the day before, now spreading his men through the coun- as bad also Lieut. James Scott (acting 1st try, the Enemy retreated to a distance, Lieutenant of the Albion.. - At day-light and left us in quiet possession of the town, on the morning of the 24th, the Majorthe neighbourhood, and our prizes. A general again put the army in motion, large quantity of tobacco having been directing his march upon Bladensburg ; found in the town at Pig Point, I have left on reaching which place, with the advancCapt. Robyns, with the marines, and Capt. ed brigade, the Enemy was discovered Nourse, with two divisions of the boats, drawn up in force on a rising ground beto hold the place, and ship the tobacco yond the town; and by the fire he soon into the prizes; and I have moved back opened on us, as we entered the place, with the third division to this point, to en- gave us to understand he was well pro


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lected with artillery. Gen. Ross, however, Lieut. James Scott, first of the Albion, who did not hesitate in immediately advancing acted as my aide-de-camp, and remained, to attack him, although our, troops were with me during the whole time.--The conálmost exhausted with the fatigue of the test being completely ended, and the Enemarch they had just made, and but a my having retired from the field, the Gesmall proportion of our little army had neral gave the army about two hours rest, yet got up: this dashing measure was, when he again moved forward on Washhowever, I am happy to add, crowned ington; it was however dark before we with the success it merited; for, in spite reached the city, and on the General of the galling fire of the Enemy, our myself, and some officers, advancing a troops advanced steadily on both his short way past the first houses of the town, danks, and in his front; and as soon as without being accompanied by the troops, they arrived on even ground with him, he the Enemy opened upon us a heavy fire Hed in every direction, leaving behind of musketry, from the Capitol and two him 10 pieces of cannon, and a consider- other houses; these were therefore almost áble, number of killed and wounded ; immediately stormed by our people, taken amongst the latter Cominodore Barney, possession of, and set on fire, after which and several other officers; some other pri- the town submitted without further resistsoners were also taken, though not many, ance. The Enemy himself, on our enterowing to the swiftness with which the Ene- ing the town, set fire to the navy-yard

my went off, and the fatigues our army (filled with naval stores), a frigate of the 2 had previously undergone.-It would, Sir, largest class, almost ready for launching, * be deemed presumption in me to attempt and a sloop of war laying off it, as he also

to give you particular details respecting did to the fort which protected the sea apthe nature of this battle; I shall, therefore, proach to Washington.-- On taking posonly remark generally, that the Enemy, session of the city, we also set fire to the 8,000 strong, on ground he had chosen as President's Palace, the Treasury, and the best adapted for him to defend, where he War-Office ; and in the morning Capt. had had time to erect his batteries, and Wainwright went with a party to see that concert all his measures, was dislodged as the destruction in the Navy-yard was comsoon as reached, and a victory gained plete, when he destroyed whatever stores over him by a division of the British army and buildings had escaped the flames of not amcunting to more than 1,500 men, the preceding night ; a large quantity of headed by our gallant General, whose ammunition and ordnauce stores were like. brilliant achievement of this day it is be- wisé destroyed by us in the arsenal, as yond my power to do justice to, and in- were about 200 pieces of artillery of difdeed no possible comment could enhance. ferent calibres, as well as a vast quantity --The seamen, with the guns, were, to

of small arms.

Two rope-walks of a very their great mortification, with the rear di- extensive nature, full of tar-rope, &c, sia vision during this short but decisive ac- tuate at a considerable distance from the tion; those, however, attached to the yard, were likewise set fire to and con. rocket-brigade were in the battle, and I sumed. In short, Sir, I do not believe a remarked with much pleasure the preci- vestige of public property, or a store of sion with whichthe rockets were thrown by any kind, which could be converted to the them, under the direction of First Lieut. use of the Government, escaped destrucLawrence, of the marine artillery; Mr. tion; the bridges across the Eastern Jeremiah M.Daniel, master's mate of the Branch and the Potovmack were likewise Tonnant, a very fine young man, who was destroyed. This general devastation beattached to this party, being severelying completely during the day of the 25th, wounded, I beg permission to recommend we marched again, at nine that night, on him to your favourable consideration. The our return, by Bladepsburg, to Upper company of marines I have on so many Marlborough. We arrived yesterday occasions had cause to mention to you, evening at the latter, without molestation commanded by First-Lieut. Stephens, was of any sort, indeed without a single mus. also in the action, as were the Colonial ket having been fired; and this morning marines, under the temporary command we moved on to this place, where I have of Capt. Reed, of the 6th West India re- found his Majesty's sloop Manly, the tengiment (these companies being attached ders, and the boats, and I have hoisted my to the ligbt brigade); and they respec. fag, protempore, in the former. The troops tively behaved with their accustomed zeal will probably march to morrow,or the next and bravery. None other of the naval day at fartbest, to Benedict, for re-emdepartment were fortunate enough to ar- barkation, and this fotilla will of course rive up in time to take their share in this join you at the same time. In closing, Sir, battle, excepting Capt. Palmer, of the my statement to you; of the arduous and Hebrus, with his aide-de-camp, Mr. Arthur highly important operations of this last Wakefield, midshipman of that ship, and Peek, I have a most pleasing duty to per. GENT. MAG, October, 1814,

, form, JO

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form, in assuring you of the good conduct the Chesapeake, above Baltimore, to make of the officers and men who have been a diversion in that quarter. It appears serving under me. I have been particu- that after having frequently dislodged larly indebted, whilst on this service, to small bodies of the Enemy, by landing Capt. Wainwright, of the Tonnant, for parties of seamen and marines, ber Capthe assistance he 'has invariably afforded tain at length was drawn into an attack me; and to Captains Palmer and Money, upon a force which proved to be greatly for their exertions during the march to his superior in numbers, and accompanied and from Washington. To Capt. Nourse, by artillery.-In a successful attack upon who has commanded the flotilla during my this superior force, and while routing the absence, my acknowledgments are also Enemy, he received a wound that in a few most justly due; as well as to Capts. Sul- minutes terminated his existence ; and I livan, Badcock, Somerville, Ramsay, and have to lament the loss not only of this Bruce, who have acted in it under bim. gallant and enterprizing officer, but of Lieut. J. Scott, now first lieutenant of the many brave men who were killed and Albion, has, on this occasion, rendered wounded on the same occasion, of which me essential services, and as I have had a return is enclosed. I have the honour reason so often of late to mention to you to be, &c. A. COCHRANE, Vice-adm. the gallant and meritorious conduct of

Monelaus, off Pool's Island, this officer, I trust you will permit me to

Chesapeake, Sept. 1. seize this opportunity of recommending Sir,--With grief the deepest, it becomes bim particularly to your favourable notice

my duty to communicate the death of Sir and cousideration. Capt. Robyns (the

P. Parker, bart. late commander of his senior officer of marines with the fleet), Majesty's ship Menelaus, and the occur. who has had, during these operations, the

rences attending an attack on the Enemy's marines of the ships united under bis or

troops on the night of the 30th ult. enders, has executed ably and zealously the

camped at Bellair. The previous and several services with which he has been

accompanying letters of Sir P. Parker entrusted, and is en itled to my best ac

will, I presume, fully point out the reknowledgments accordingly; as is also

spect the Enemy on all occasions evince Capt. Harrison of the marine artillery,

at the approach of our arms, retreating who, with the officers and men atlached

at every attack, though possessing a su. to him, accompanied the army to and

periority of numbers of five to one; an from Washington. - Mr. Dobie, surgeon intelligent black man gave us information of the Melpoinene, volunteered his pro- of 200 militia being encamped behind a fessional services on this occasion, and ren

wood, distant half a mile from the beach, dered much assistance to the wounded on

and described their situation, so as to give the field of batile, as well as to many of

us the strongest hopes of cutting off and the men taken ill on the line of march.

securing the largest part as our prisoners, One colonial marine killed, one naster's

destroying the camp, field-pieces, &c. and mate, two serjeants, and three colonial

possessing also certain information tliat marines wounded, are the casualties sus

one inan out of erery five had been levied tained by the naval department ; a gene- as a requisition on the Eastern shore, for Tal list of the killed and wounded of the

the purpose of being sent over for the whole army will of course accompany the protection of Baluimore, and who are now report of the Major-General. I have &c.

only prevented crossing the bay by the G. COCKBURN, Rear-adm.

activity and vigilance of the tender and Sir Alexander Cochrane, K. B. &c.

ships' boats.

One bundred and four bay. P. S. Two long six-pounder guns, in- onets, with twenty pikes, were landed at tended for a battery at Nottingham, were 11 o'clock at night, under the immediate taken off and put on board the Brune, and direction of Capt. Sir P. Parker, bart, the one taken at Upper Marlborough, was first division headed by myself, and the destroyed.

second division by Lieut. Pearce.

riving at the ground, we discovered the Admiralty-office, Sept. 27. -Letter from Enemy had shifted his position, as we Sir Alex. Cochrane, K. B. dated Tonnant, were tien informed, to the distance of a in the Patuxent, the 3d iust,

mile farther; having taken the look-out Sir;- regret having occasion to detain picquet immediately on our landing, we the Iphigenia for a few minutes to inform were in assurance our motions had nos the Lords Commissioners of the Admin been discovered, and with the deepest sirally, of the death of Sir P. Parker, bart. lence followed on for the camp. After a late captain of the Menelaus, which bas march of between four and five miles in just been announced to me by a letter the country, we found the Enemy posted from the surviving commanding officer, of. on a plain, surrounded by woods, with which I enclose a copy. My dispatch of the camp in their rear: they were drawn yesterday will have apprised their Lord. up in line, and perfectly ready to receive ships of my having sent the Menelaus up us; a single moment was not to be lost i


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