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HISTORICAL CHRONICLE, 1814.
INTERESTING INTELLIGENCE FROM THE LONDON GAZETTES.
Sept. 13.[This Gazette announces, that in consideration of the distinguished services of the troops engaged in the battles of the Pyrenees, from the 28th July to the 2d of August, 1813; of the Nivelle, on the 10th Nov. 1813; and at the siege and capture of St. Sebastian, in August and September, 1813; - the officers pre
sent on those memorable occasions shall enjoy the privilege of bearing badges of distinction, in conformity to regulations published on the 7th Oct. last; also, that the officers who were present in the former battles and sieges in the Peninsula shall receive appropriate badges, in commemoration of their services upon those occasions; and, finally, that those badges which would have been conferred upon such of the above officers who fell in, or have died since, the said battles and sieges, shall, as a token of respect for their memories, be transmitted to their respective families. Lists of the officers, amounting to several hundreds, follow the respective annunciations, which are made by the Commander in Chief, in pursuance of the orders of the Prince Regent.]
Saturday, Sept. 17.-[This Gazette contains the Prince Regent's permission that the words "Egmont of Zee and Mandora," be borne on the colours and appointments of the 92d regiment, in addition to any other badges or devices which have heretofore been granted to that regiment, instead of the words "Bergen op Zee and Mandora," as stated in the Gazette of the 2d March, 1813.]
SUPPLEMENT TO THE LONDON GAZETTE of Tuesday, Sept. 20.
Downing-street, Sept. 20.-Extract of a Dispatch brought by Capt. Jervoise, aidede-camp to Lieut.-gen. Drummond, from Lieut.-gen. Sir G. Prevost, bart.
Head-quarters, Montreal. Aug. 5. I have the satisfaction of transmitting to your Lordship Lieut.-gen. Drummond's detail of the distinguished exertions of that division of the army near the Falls of Niagara on the 25th of last month, when the skill of his Majesty's generals and the valour and discipline of his troops were eminently conspicuous; and I beg leave to join the Lieutenant General in humbly soliciting his Royal Highness the Prince Regent's gracious consideration of the meritorious services, of the officers particularized in his report.-This Dispatch will be delivered to your Lordship by Capt. Jervoise,aide-de-camptoLieut. gen. DrumGENT. MAG, October, 1814.
mond having shared in the events of the 25th, he can satisfy your Lordship's inquiries respecting them, and is well calculated from his local knowledge to give your Lordship full information upon the state of the Upper Province.
Head-quarters, near Niagara Falls,
Sir, I embarked on board his Majesty's schooner Netley, at York, on Sunday evening, the 24th inst. and reached Niagara at day-break the following morning. Finding from Lieut.-col. Tucker, that Major-gen. Riall was understood to be moving towards the Falls of Niagara, to support the advance of his division, which he had pushed on to that place on the preceding evening, I ordered Lieut..col. Morrison, with the 89th regiment and a detachment of the Royals and King's, drawn from Fort George and Mississaga, to proceed to the same point, in order that, with the united force, I might act against the Ene→ my (posted at Street's Creek, with his advance at Chippawa) on my arrival, if it should be found expedient. I ordered Lieut.-col. Tucker at the same time to proceed up the right bank of the river, with 300 of the 41st, about 200 of the Royal Scots, and a body of Indian warriors, supported (on the river) by a party of armed seamen, under Capt. Dobbs, Royal Navy. The object of this movement was to disperse or capture a body of the Enemy encamped at Lewiston. Some unavoidable delay having occurred in the march of the troops up the right bank, the Enemy had moved off previous to Lieut.-col. Tucker's arrival. I have to express myself satisfied with the exertions of that officer. Having refreshed the troops at Queenston, and having brought across the 41st, Royals. and Indians, I sent back the 41st and 100th regiments, to form the garrisons of Forts George, Mississaga, and Niagara, under Lieut.-col. Tucker, and moved with the 89th, and detachments of the Royals and King's, and light company of the 41st, in all about 800 men, to join Major-gen. Riall's division at the Falls. When arrived within a few miles of that position, I met a report from Major-gen. Riall, that the Enemy was advancing in great force. immediately pushed on, and joined the head of Lieut.-col, Morrison's column, just as it reached the road leading to the Beaver Dam, over the summit of the hill at Lundy's lane. Instead of the whole of Major-gen. Riall's division, which I expected to have found occupying this position,
sition, I found it almost in the occupation of the Enemy, whose columns were within 600 yards of the top of the hill, and the surrounding woods filled with his light troops. The advance of Major-gen. Riall's division, consisting of the Glengarry light infantry, and Incorporated Militia, having commenced a retreat upon Fort George, I countermanded these corps, and formed the 89th regiment, the Royal Scots detachments, and the 41st light companies, in the rear of the hill, their left resting on the great road; my two 24-pounder brass field guns a little advanced, in front of the centre, on the summit of the hill; the Glengarry light infantry on the right; the battalion of Incorporated Militia, and the detachment of the King's Regiment on the left of the great road; the squadron of the 19th light dragoons in the rear of the left, on the road. I had scarcely completed this formation when the whole front was warmly and closely engaged. The Enemy's principal efforts were directed against our left and centre. After repeated attacks, the troops on the left were partially forced back, and the Enemy gained a momentary possession of the road. This gave him, however, no material advantage, as the troops which had been forced back formed in the rear of the 89th regt. fronting the road and securing the flank. It was during this short interval that Major-gen. Riall, having received a severe wound, was intercepted as he was passing to the rear, by a party of the Enemy's cavalry, and taken prisoner. In the centre, the repeated and determined attacks of the Enemy were met by the 89th regt. the detachments of the Royals and King's, and the light company 41st regt. with the most perfect steadiness and intrepid gallantry, and the Enemy was constantly repulsed with very heavy loss. In so determined a manner were their attacks directed against our guns, that our artilferymen were bayonetted by the Enemy. while in the act of loading, and the muzzles of the Enemy's guns were advanced within a few yards of our's. The darkness of the night during this extraordinary conflict occasioned several uncommon incidents our troops having for a moment been pushed back, some of our guns remained for a few minutes in the Enemy's hands; they, however, were not only quickly recovered, but the two pieces (a 6-pounder and a 51⁄2 inch howitzer) which the Enemy had brought up, were captured by us, together with several tumbrils, and in limbering up our guns at one period, one of the Enemy's 6-pounders was put by mistake on a limber of ours; and one of our 6-pounders limbered on one of his : by which means the pieces were exchanged; and thus, though we captured two of his guns, yet, as he obtained one of ours;
we have gained only one gun.-About nine o'clock (the action having commenced at six) there was a short intermission of firing, during which it appears the Enemy was employed in bringing up the whole of his remaining force; and he shortly afterwards renewed his attack with fresh troops, but was everywhere repulsed with equal gallantry and success. About this period the remainder of Major gen. Riall's division, which had been ordered to retire on the advance of the Enemy, consisting of the 103d regt. under Col. Scott; the head quarter division of the Royal Scots; the head quarter division of the 8th or King's; flank companies 104th; and some detachments of Militia, under Lieut.-col. Hamilton, Inspecting field officer-joined the troops engaged; and I placed them in a second line, with the exception of the Royal Scots and Bank companies of the 104th, with which I prolonged my line in frout to the right, where I was apprehensive of the Enemy outflanking me.-The Enemy's efforts to carry the hill were con-tinued till about midnight, when he had. suffered so severely from the superior steadiness and discipline of his Majesty's. troops, that he gave up the contest, and retreated with great precipitation to his camp beyond the Chippawa. On the fol-, lowing day he abandoned his camp, threw the greater part of his baggage, camp equipage, and provisions, into the Rapids, and having set fire to Street's Mills, and destroyed the bridge at Chippawa, continued his retreat in great disorder towards Fort Erie. My light troops, cavalry, and Indians, are detached in pursuit, and to harass his retreat, which I doubt not he will continue until he reaches his own. shore. The loss sustained by the Enemy in this severe action cannot be estimated at less than 1500 men, including several. bundred of prisoners left in our hands; his two commanding Generals, Brown and Scott, are said to be wounded, his whole force, which has never been rated at less than 5000, having been engaged.-Enclosed l'have the honour to transmit a return of our loss, which has been very considerable. The number of troops under my command did not for the first three hours. exceed 1600 men; and the addition of the troops under Col. Scott, did not increase it to more than 2800 of every description.
[Here follow warm praises of Major-geu.. Riall, Lieut.-col. Harvey, Major Glegg, Lieut. Moorsom, 104th regt. who was killed towards the close of the action; Capt. Elliott, Major Maule, Lieut. Le Breton, who was severely wounded; Capts. Jervoise, Holland, and Loring (the latter taken prisoner whilst in the execution of an order); also the steadiness and good countenance of the squadron of the 19th light dragoons, under Major Lisle; the
excellent defence made by the Incorporated Militia, under Lieut.-col. Robinson, who was dangerously wounded; and a detachment of the 8th, under Colonel Campbell and Captain Robinson. Gen. Drummond then proceeds:] In the reiterated and determined attacks which the Enemy made on our centre, for the purpose of gaining, at once, the crest of the position, and our guns, the steadiness and intrepidity displayed by the troops allotted for the defence of that post, were never surpassed; they consisted of the 2d battalion of the 89th regt. commanded by Lieut.-col. Morrison, and after the Lieutenant-colonel had been obliged to retire from the field by a severe wound, by Major Clifford; a detachment of the Royal Scots, under Lieut. Hemphill, and after he was killed, Lieut. Fraser; a detachment of the 8th (or King's), under Capt. Campbell; light company 4th regt. under Capt. Glew; with some detachments of militia under Lieut.-col. Parry, 103d regt.: these troops repeatedly, when hard pressed, formed round the colours of the 89th regt. and invariably repulsed the desperate efforts made against them. On the right, the steadiness and good countenance of the 1st batt. Royal Scots, under Lieut. col. Gordon, on some very trying occasions, excited my admiration.The King's regiment, 1st batt. under Major Evans, behaved with equal gallantry. and firmness, as did the light company of the Royals, detached under Capt. Stewart; the grenadiers of the 103d, detached under Capt. Browne; and the flank companies of the 104th under Capt. Leonard; the Glengarry light infantry, under Lient.col. Batersby, displayed most valuable qualities as light troops; Col. Scott, Major Smelt, and the officers of the 103d, deserve credit for their exertions in rallying that regiment, after it had been thrown into momentary disorder.-[The dispatch concludes with warm praise of the exertions of Col. Scott; Lieut.-cols. Pearson, Drummond (104th), and Hamilton; Capts. Mackonachie and M'Lauchlan; Lieut. Tomkins, and Serjeant Austin, who directed the Congreve Rockets, which did much execution; and recommends for promotion, Capts. Jervoise, Robinsou, Elliot, Holland, and Glew.] I have, &c.
GORDON DRUMMOND, Lieut. gen. Killed, Wounded, Missing, and taken Prisoners in Action on July 25.
Total. Killed, 84; Wounded, 559; Missing, 193; Prisoners, 42.-Grand Total, 878.
Names of Officers Killed, Wounded, Missing, and Prisoners.
Officers Killed. - General Staff, Lieut. Moorsom, D. A. Adj.-gen.-Royals, Licut. Hemphil. 89th, Capt. Spunner, Lieut. Latham. Incorporated Militia, Ensign Campbell,
Officers Wounded.-Gen. Staff, Lieut.gen. Drummond, sev. (not dang.); Majorgen. Riall, sev. and prisoner; Lieut.-col. Pearson, sl.; Lieut. Le Breton, sev.-R. Art. Capt. Maclachlan, dang. - Royals, Capt. Breerton, sl.; Lieut. Hasswell, sev. (not dang ); Lieut. Fraser, sev. (not dan.). and missing. 8th, Lieut. Noell, Ensign
Swayne, sl.; Eus. M'Donald, sev.--89th, Lieut.-col. Morrison; Lieuts. Sanderson, Steel, Pearce, Taylor, Lloyd, and Miles, sev. (not dang.); Lieut. Redmont, Adj. Hopper, sl.; Lient. Grey, Ens. Saunders, dang. 103d, Lient. Langhorne, sl. Glengarry light infantry, Lieut. R. Kerr, sl.-Incorporated Militia, Lieut.-col. Robinson, dang.; Capt. Fraser, sev.; Capt. Washburn, sl.; Capt. M-Donald, sev. (left arm amputated); Lieut. M'Dougall, mortally; Lieut. Ratan, sev.; Lieut. Hamil ton, sl.; Eus. M'Donald, sev-28 Lincoln Militia, Adj. Thompson, sl. 4th ditto, Capt, W. Neelis, Ensign Kennedy, sl.— 5th ditto, Major Hath, sev.-2d York Militia, Major Simons, sev.; Capt. Mackay, slightly; Capt. Rockman, severely.
Officers Missing.-R. Eng. Lieut. Yall. -Royals, Lieut. Clyne; Lient. Lamont, (supposed prisoner). 8th, Q.-Mas. G. Kirnan. 4th Lincoln Militia, Capt. H. Nellis, Q.-Mas. Bell.
Officers Prisoners. Gen. Staff, Captain Loring, aid-de-camp to Lieut.-gen. Drummond.-103d, Capt. Brown, Lieut. Moutgomery (wounded), Ens. Lyon. - Glengarry light inf. Ens, Robins.--Incorporated Militia, Capt. Maclean, Ens. Whort, Q. Mas. Thompson. - Provin. Lt. Drag. Capt. Merritt.-89th, Capt. Gore.
H. M. S. Armide, at Sea, Ang. 16. I yesterday had the pleasure to inform you of the capture of the American schooner privateer Herald; and to-day f am happy to have it in my power to report the capture of another of the Enemy's armed vessels by his Majesty's ship under my command, after a chace of six hours, the ship letter of marque Invincible (formerly the Invincible Napoleon), Capt. Destebecho, of 331 tons, 16 guns, (ten of which were thrown overboard during the chace), and a complement of 60 men.
Extract of a Letter from Cape Lake.
Sloop Heron, at the Saintes, July 26. I beg leave to inform you, that his Majesty's sloop under my command captured, on the 7th inst. the American brigantine letter of marque Mary, belonging to New York, carrying five guns, and having a complement of 32 men.
LONDON GAZETTE EXTRAORDINARY. Downing-street, Sept. 27.-Capt. Smith arrived this morning with a Dispatch from Gen. Ross, of which the following is a copy.
Tonnant, in the Patuxent, Aug. 30. My Lord, I have the honour to communicate to your Lordship, that on the night of the 24th inst. after defeating the army of the United States on that day, the troops under my command entered and took possession of the City of Washington.
It was determined between Sir A. Cochrane and myself, to disembark the army at the village of Benedict, on the right bank of the Patuxent, with the intention of cooperating with Rear-adm. Cockburn, in an attack upon a flotilla of the Enemy's gunboats, under the command of Commodore Barney. On the 20th inst. the army commenced its march, having landed the previous day without opposition; on the 21st it reached Nottingham, and on the 22d moved on to Upper Marlborough, a few miles distant from Pig Point, on the Patuxent, where Adm. Cockburn fell in with and defeated the flotilla, taking and destroying the whole. Having advanced to within 16 miles of Washington, and ascertaining the force of the Enemy to be such as might authorize an attempt at carrying his capital, I determined to make it, and accordingly put the troops in movement on the evening of the 23d. A corps of about 1200 men appeared to oppose us, but retired after firing a few shots. On the 24th, the troops resumed their march, and reached Bladensburg, a village situa ted on the left bank of the Eastern branch of the Potowmack, about five miles from Washington. On the opposite side of that river the Enemy was discovered strongly posted on very commanding heights, formed in two lines, his advance occupying a fortified house, which, with artillery, covered the bridge over the Eastern branch, across which the British troops had to pass. A broad and straight road leading from the bridge to Washington, through the Enemy's position, which was carefully defended by artillery and riflemen. The disposition for the attack being made, it was commenced with so much impetuosity by the light brigade, consist ing of the 85th light infantry and the light infantry companies of the army under the command of Col. Thornton, that the fortified house was, shortly carried, the
Enemy retiring to the higher grounds.In support of the light brigade, I ordered up a brigade under the command of Col. Brooke, who, with the 44th regiment, at tacked the Enemy's left, the 4th regiment pressing his right with such effect as to cause him to abandon his guns. His first line giving way, was driven on the second, which, yielding to the irresistible attack of the bayonet, and the well-directed discharge of rockets, got into confusion and fled, leaving the British masters of the field. The rapid flight of the Enemy, and his knowledge of the country, precluded the possibility of many prisoners being taken, more particularly as the troops had, during the day, undergone considerable fatigue.-The Enemy's army, amounting to eight or nine thousand men, with three orfour hundred cavalry,was under the command of Gen. Winder, being formed of troops drawn from Baltimore and Pennsylvania. His artillery, 10 pieces of which fell into our hands, was commanded by Commodore Barney, who was wounded and taken prisoner. The artillery I directed to be destroyed. Having halted the army for a short time, I determined to march upon Washington, and reached that city at eight o'clock that night. Judg ing it of consequence to complete the destruction of the public buildings with the least possible delay, so that the army might retire without loss of time, the following buildings were set fire to and consumed the Capitol, including the Senatehouse and House of Representation, the Arsenal, the Dock-yard, Treasury, Waroffice, President's Palace, Rope-walk, and the great Bridge across the Potowmack: in the dock-yard a frigate nearly ready to be launched, and a sloop of war, were consumed. The two bridges leading to Washington over the Eastern branch had been destroyed by the Enemy, who apprebended an attack from that quarter, The object of the expedition being accomplished, I determined, before any greater force of the Enemy could be assembled, to withdraw the troops, and accordingly commenced retiring on the night of the 25th. On the evening of the 29th we reached Benedict, and re-embarked the following day. In the performance of the operation I have detailed, it is with the utmost satisfaction I observe to your Lordship, that cheerfulness in undergoing fatigue, and anxiety for the accomplishment of the object, were conspicuous in all ranks. To Sir A. Cochrane my thanks are due, for his ready compliance with every wish connected with the welfare of the troops and the success of the expedition. To Rear-adm. Cockburn, who suggested the attack upon Washington, and who accompanied the army, I confess the greatest obligation for his cordial cooperation
operation and advice.-Col. Thornton, who led the attack, is entitled to every praise for the noble example he set, which was so well followed by Lieut.-col. Wood and the 85th light infantry, and by Major Jones, of the 4th foot, with the light companies attached to the light brigade. I have to express my approbation of the spirited conduct of Col. Brooke, and of his brigade the 44th regiment, which he led, distinguished itself under the command of Lieut. -col. Mullens; the gallantry of the 4th foot, under the command of Major Faunce, being equally conspicuous.-The exertions of Capt. Mitchell, of the royal artillery, in bringing the guns into action, were unremitting; to him, and to the detachment under his command, including Capt. Deacon's rocket brigade, and the marine rocket corps, I feel every obligation, Capt. Lempriere, of the royal artillery, mounted a small detachment of the artillery drivers, which proved of great utility. The assistance afforded by Capt. Blanchard, of the royal engineers, in the duties of his department, was of great advantage. To the zealous exertions of Captains Wainwright, Palmer, and Money, of the royal navy, and to those of the officers and seamen who landed with them, the service is highly indebted: the latter, Capt. Money, had charge of the seamen attached to the marine artillery. To Capt. M'Dougall, of the 85th foot, who acted as my aide-de-camp, in consequence of the indisposition of my aide-de-camp Capt. Falls, and to the Officers of my staff, I feel much indebted.-I must beg leave to call your Lordship's attention to the zeal and indefatigable exertions of Lieut. Evans, acting-deputy-quarter-master-gen. intelligence displayed by that officer, in circumstances of considerable difficulty, induces me to hope he will meet with some distinguished mark of approbation, I have reason to be satisfied with the arrangements of Assistant-CommissaryGeneral Lawrence.-An attack upon an Enemy so strongly posted, could not be effected without loss. I have to lament that the wounds received by Col. Thornton, and the other officers and soldiers left at Bladensburg, were such as prevented their removal. As many of the wounded as could be brought off were removed, the others being left with medical care and attendants. The arrangements made by Staff Surgeon Baxter for their accommodation have been as satisfactory as circumstances would admit of. The agent for British prisoners of war very fortunately residing at Bladensburg, I have recommended the wounded officers and men to his particular attention, and trust to his being able to effect their exchange when sufficiently recovered.-Capt. Smith, assistant-adjutant-general to the troops, who
will have the honour to deliver this dispatch, I beg leave to recommend to your Lordship's protection, as an officer of much merit and great promise, and capable of affording any further information that may be requisite.-Sanguine in hoping for the approbation of his Royal High ness the Prince Regent, and of his Majesty's Government, as to the conduct of the troops under my command,
I have, &c. ROB. Ross, Major-gen. I beg leave to inclose herewith a return of the killed, wounded, and missing in the action of the 24th inst. together with a statement of the ordnance, ammunition, and ordnance stores taken from the Enemy between the 19th and 25th of August, and likewise sketches of the scene of action and of the line of march.
Return of Killed, Wounded, and Missing, on the 24th of August.
1 capt. 2 lieuts. 5 serjs. 56 rank and file, 10 horses, killed; 2 lieut.-cols. 1 major, 1 capt. 14 lieuts. 2 ensigns, 10 serjts. 155 rank and file, 8 horses, wounded.
Names of Officers Killed and Wounded. Killed: 85th light infantry, Capt. D. S. Hamilton, Lieut. Codd.-4th, or King's Own, Lieut. Woodward.
Wounded:- 85th light infantry, Col. Thornton, Lieut.-col. Wood, and Major Capt. Rennie, sev. (not dang.)—4th, Lieut. Brown,sev.(all left at Bladensburg).-21st, Hopkins, sev.; Lieut. Mackenzie, sl.; Lieut. Stavely, sev. (left at Bladensburg); Lieuts. Boulby and Field, sl. 21st, Lieut. Grace, sl. 85th, Lieuts. Williams and Burrel, sev.; F. Maunsell, sl.; O'Conner and Gascoyne, sev.; Hickson and Gleig, sl.; Crouchley, sev.-4th, Ens. Buchannan, sev. (left at Bladensburg); Ensign Reddock, severely.
Return of Ordnance and Stores taken, be
tween the 19th and 25th of Aug. 1814.
Total amount of cannon taken, 206; 500 barrels of powder; 100,000 rounds of musket-ball cartridges; 40 barrels of finegrained powder; a large quantity of ammunition of different natures made up.
The navy-yard and arsenal having been set on fire by the Enemy before they retired, an immense quantity of stores of every description was destroyed, of which no account could be taken; seven or eight very heavy explosions during the night denoted that there had been large magazines of powder.
N. B. The remains of near 20,000 stand of arms were discovered, which had been destroyed by the Enemy.
Admiralty office, Sept. 27.-Capt. Wainwright, of the Tonnant, arrived this morning with Dispatches from Vice adm. the Hon. Sir A. Cochrane, of which the following are copies;