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HISTORICAL CHRONICLE, 1814. INTERESTING INTELLIGENCE FROM THE LONDON GAZETTES.
Sept. 13. - [This Gazette announces, mond: having shared in the events of the that in cousideration of the distinguished 25th, he can satisfy your Lordship's inqui. services of the troops engaged in the bat- ries respecting them, and is well calculated tles of the Pyrenees, from the 28th July to from his local knowledge to give, your the 2d of August, 1813; of the Nivelle, Lordship full information upon the state on the 10th Nov. 1813; and at the siege of the Upper Province. and capture of. St. Sebastian, in August Head-quarters, near Niagara Falls, and September, 1813; the officers pre
July 27. sent on those memorable occasions shall Sir -I embarked on board his Majesty's enjoy the privilege of bearing badges of schooner Netley, at York, on Sunday distinction, in conformity to regulations evening, the 24th inst. and reached Nia. published on the 7th Oct. last; also, that gara at day-break the following morning. the officers who were present in the former Finding from Lieut.-col. Tucker, that Mabattles and sieges in the Peninsula shall jor-gen. Riall was understood to be moving receive appropriate badges, in commemo- towards the Falls of Niagara, to support ration of their services upon those occa- the advance of his division, which he had sions; and, finally, that those badges pushed on to that place on the preceding which would have been conferred upon evening, I ordered Lieut.-col. Morrison, such of the above officers who fell in, or with the 89th regiment and a detachment have died since, the said battles and sieges, of the Royals and King's, drawn from shall, as a token of respect for their me- Fort George and Mississaga, to proceed mories, be transmitted to their respective to the same point, in order that, with the families. Lists of the officers, amounting united force, I might act against the Ene. to several hundreds, follow the respective my (posted at Street's Creek, with his ad. annunciations, which are made by the vance at Chippawa) on my arrival, if it Commander in Chief, 'in pursuance of the should be found expedient. I ordered orders of the Prince Regent.]
Lieut,-col. Tucker at the same time to
proceed up the right bank of the river, Saturday, Sept. 17.—[This Gazette con- with 300 of the 41st, about 200 of the tains the Prince Regent's permission that Royal Scots, and a body of Indian war. the words “ Egmont of Zee and Mandora," riors, supported (on the river) by a party be borne on the colours and appointments of armed seamen, under Capt. Dobbs, of the 92d regiment, in addition to any Royal Navy. The object of this moveother badges or devices which have here. ment was to disperse or capture a body of tofore been granted to that regiment, in- the Enemy encamped at Lewiston. Some stead of the words “ Bergen op Zee and unavoidable delay having occurred in the Mandora,” as stated in the Gazette of the march of the troops up the right baok, 20 March, 1813.)
the Enemy bad moved off previous to
Lieut.-coi. Tocker's arrival. I have to SUPPLEMENT TO The LONDON GAZETTE of express myself satisfied with the exertions Tuesday, Sept. 20.
of that officer. · Having refreshed the Downing-street, Sept. 20.- Extract of a troops at Queenston, and having brought Dispatch brought by Capt. Jervoise, aide- across the 41st, Royals, and Indians, I de-camp to Lieut.-gen. Drummond, from sent back the 41st and 100th regiments, to Lieut.-gen. Sir G. Prevost, bart.
form the garrisons of Forts George, Mis. Head-quarters, Montreal. Aug. 5. sissaga, and Niagara, under Lieut.-col. I have the satisfaction of transmitting Tucker, and mored with the 89th, and to your Lordship Lieut.-gen. Drummond's detachments of the Royals and King's, detail of the distinguished exertions of and light company of the 41st, in all that division of the army near the Falls of about 800 men, to join Major-gen. Riall's Niagara on the 25th of last month, when divisiou at the Falls.-- When arrived withthe skill of his Majesty's generals and the in a few miles of that position, I met a valour and discipline of his troops were report from Major.gen. Riall, that the eminently conspicuous; and I beg leave Enemy was advancing in great force. ! to join the Lieutenant General in humbly immediately pushed on, and joined the solicitiog his Royal Highness the Prince head of Lieut.-col, Morrison's column, Regent's gracious consideration of the just as it reached the road leading to the meritorious services, of the officers parti- Beaver Dam, over the sunimit of the hill cularized in his report.--This Dispatch will at Lundy's lane. Instead of the whole of be delivered to your Lordship by Capt. Major-gen. Riall's divi:jou, which I exJervoise, aide-de-camptolient..gen. Druin. pected to have found occupying this po. CENT. MAG, October, 1814.
siliori, sition, I found it almost in the occupation we have gained only one gun.--About nine of the Enemy, whose columns were within o'clock (the action having commenced at 600 yards of the top of the hill, and the six) there was a short intermission of fire surrounding woods filled with bis lighting, during which it appears the Enemy troops. The advance of Major-gen. Riall's was employed in bringing up the whole of division, coasisting of the Glengarry light his remaining force; and he shortly afterinfantry, and Incorporated Militia, hav. wards renewed his attack with fresh troops, ing comienced a retreat upon Fort George, but was everywhere repulsed with equal I counterinanded these coups, and formed gallantry and success. About this period the 69th regiment, the Royal Scots de- the remainder of Major. gen. Riall's divi. tachments, and the 41st light companies, sion, which:had been ordered to retire on. in the rear of the hill, their left resting on the advance of the Enemy, consisting of the great road; my two 24-pounder brass the 103d regt. under Col. Scott; the head. field guns a little advanced, in front quarter division of the Royal Scots; the of the centre, on the summit of the hill; head quarter division of the 8th or King's; the Glengarry light infantry on the right; flank companies 104th ; and some detachthe battalion of Incorporated Militia, and ments of Militia, under Lieut.-col. Hathe detachment of the King's Regimeni on milton, Inspecting field officer-joined the the tefi of ihe great road; the squadron troops engaged ; and I placed them in a of the 19th light dragoons in the rear of second line, with the exception of the the left, on the road. I had scarcely Royal Scots. and Bank. companies of the completed this formation when the whole. 1041h, with which I prolonged my line iufront was warmly and closely engaged. The frout to the right, where I was apprehenEnemy's principal efforts were directed sive of the Enemy outflanking me.-The against our left and centie. After repeat- Enemy's efforts to carry the hill were coned attacks, the troops on the left were tinnej till about midnight, when he bad. partially forced back, and the Enemy sufföred so. severely from the superior gained a momentary possession of the steadiness and discipline of his Majesty's. road. This gave him, however, no mate. troops, that he gave up. tbe contest, and rial advantage, as the troops which had retreated with great precipitation to his been forced back formed in the rear of the camp beyond the Chippawa, On the fol-, 89th regl. fruuting the road and securing lowing day he abandoned his canıp, threw the flauk. It was during this short inter- the greater part of his baggage, camp val that Major-gen. Riall, having received equipage, and provisions, into the Rapids, a severe wound, was intercepted as he was and having set fire to Street's Mills, and passing to the rear, by a party of the Ene- destroyed the bridge at Chippawa, contimy's cavalry, and taken prisoner. In the nued his retreat in great disorder towards centre, the repeated and determined at. Fort Erie. My light troops, cavalry, and tacks of the Enemy were met by the 89:12 Indians, are detached in pursuit, and to regt. the detachments of the Royals. and harass his retreat, which I doubt not he King's, and the light company 41st regt. will continue until he reaches his own. with the most perfect steadiness and intre- shore.-The loss sustained by the Enemy pid gallantry, and the Enemy was con- in this severe action cannot be estimated stantly repulsed with very beavy loss. In at less than 1500 men, including several. so determined a manner were their attacks bundred of prisoners left in our hands; direcied' against our guns, that our artil- his two commanding Generals, Brown and Terymen were bayonetted by the Enemy. Scott, are said to be wounded, his whole while in the act of loading, and the muz- force, which has never been rated at less zles of the Enemy's guns. were advanced than 5000, having been engaged.--Encloswithin a few. gards of vur's. The darkness ed have the honour to transmit a return of the night during this extraordinary con- of our loss, which has been very considerflict occasioned several uncommon inci- able. The number of troops under my dents : our troops having for a moment command did not for the first three hours. been pushed back, some of our guns re- exceed 1600 men ; and the addition of the mained for a few minutes in the Enemy's. troops under Col. Scott, did not increase hands; they, bowever, were not only it to mare thau 2800 of every description. quickly recovered, but the two pieces (a Here follow warm praises of Major-gev.. 6-pounder and a 54 inch howitzer), which: Riall, Lieuto-col. Harvey, Major Glegg, the Enemy had brought up, were capture Lieut. Moorsom, 104th regt, who was killed by us, together with several tombrils, ed towards the close of the action ; Capt. and in limbering up our guns at one period, Elliott, Major Maule, Lieut. Le Breton, one of the Enemy's 6-pounders was put who was severely wounded; Capts. Jerby mistake on a limber of ours ; and one voise, Holland, and Loring (the latter of our 6-pounders limbered on one of his : taken prisoner whilst in the execution of by which means the pieces were exchang- an order); also the steadiness and good
ed; and thus, though we captured two of countenance of the squadron of the 19th \dis guns, yet, as he obtained one of ours; light dragoons, under Major Lisle; the
excellent defence made by the Incorpo- Officers Wounded. Gen. Staff, Lieut.. rated Militia, 'under Lieut.-col. Robinson, gen. Drummond, sev. (not dang.); Majorwho was dangerously wounded ; and a ged. Riall, sev. and prisover; Lieut-col. detachment of the 8th, under Colonel Pearson, sl. ; 'Lieut. Le Breton, sev.-.. Campbell and Captain Robinson.
Gen. Art. Capt. Maclachlan, dang. - Royals, Drummond then proceeds: ] -- In the Capt. Breerton, sl. ; Lieut. Hasswell, sev. reiterated and determined attacks which (not dang:); Lieut. Fraser, sev. (not dan.) the Enemy made on our centre, for the
and missing. 811, Lieut. Noell, Ensign purpose of gaining, at once, the crest of Swayne, sl. ; Ens. M.Donald, sev.--89ch, the position, and otrguns, the steadiness Lieut.-col. Morrison; Lieuts. Sanderson, and intrepidity displayed by the troops. Sieel, Pearce, Taylor, Lloyd, and Miles, allotted for the defence of that post, were sev. (nst dang.); Lieut. Redmont, Adj. never surpassed; they consisted of the Hopper, sl.; Lient. Grey, Ens. Saunders, 2d battalion of the 89tis regt. commande dang. 103d, Lient. Langhorne, sl. ed by Lieut. col. Morrison, and after the Glengarry light infantry, Lieut. R. Kerr, Lieutenant-colonel had been obliged to sl.-Incorporated Militia, Lient.-col, Roretire from the field by a severe wound, binson, dang. ; Capt. Fraser, sev. ; Capt. by Major Clifford ; a detachment of the Washburn, st. ; Capt. M.Donald, ses. (left
l Royal Scots, under Lieut. Hemphill, and arm amputated); Lieut. M.Dougall, morafter he was killed, Lieut. Fraser; a de- tally; Lieut. Ratan, sev. ; Lient. Hamiltachment of the 8th (or King's), under ton, sl.; Eos. M.Donald, sev.-21 Lincoln Capt. Campbell; light company :41h regt. Militia, Adj. Thompsov, sl. 4th ditto, under Capt. Glew; with some ach- Capt, w. Neelis, Ensign Kennedy, sl.ments of militia under Lieut.-col. Parry, 5th ditto, Major Hath, sev.-2d York Mi103d regt. : these troops repeatedly, when Jitia, Major Simons, sev.; Capt. Mackay, hard pressed, formed round the colours of slightly ; Capt. Rockmail, severely. the 89th regt. and invariably repulsed the Officers Missing.-R. Eng. Lieut. Yall. desperate efforts made against them. On - Royals, Lieut. Clyne; Lieut, Lamont, the right, the steadiness and good coun- (supposed prisoner). - 8th, Q.-Mas. G, tenance of the 1st batt. Royal Scots, un- Birnan.--4th Lincoln Militia, Capt. H. der Lieut..col. Gordon, on some very try- Nellis, Q.-Mas, Bell. ing occasions, excited my admiration.... Officers Prisoners. - Gen. Staff, Captain The King's regiment, 1st batt. under Ma- Loring, aid.de-camp to Lient.-gen. Drum. jor Evans, behaved with equal gallantry mond.-103d, Capt. Brown, Leui. Moutand firmness, as did the light company of gomery (wounded), Eos. Lyon. ~ (lenthe Royals, detached under Capt. Stewart; garry light inf. Ens. Robins.--Incorporat thè grenadiers of the 103d, detached un- ed Militia, Capt. Maclean, Ens. Wbort, der Capt. Browne; and the flank compa- Q. Mas. Thompson. Provin. Lt. Drag: nies of the 104th under Capt. Leonard.;. Capt. Merritt.-_89th, Capt. Gore. the Glengarry light infantry, uncler Link:col. Batersby, displayed most valuable qualities as light troops ; Col. Scott, Ma- Admiralty-office, Sept. 24. Extracts of jor Smelt, and the officers of the 1:03., Letters froin Capt. Sir Thomas deserve credit for their exertions in rally- Troubridge. ing that regiment, after it had been thrown H. M. S. Aimide, at Sea, Aug. 15. into momentary disorder.--[The dispatch I have the pleasure to inform you, that concludes with warm praise of the exer- bis Majesty's ship under my command tions of Col. Scott; Lieut.-cols. Pearson, (the Endymion in company), captured Drummond (104th), and Hamilton; Capts. this morning, after a short chace of four Mackonachie and M'Lauchlan; Lieut. hours, the American privateer schooner Tomkins, and Serjeant Austin, who direct- Heraid, Cap!. Miller, of 230 tons, 17 guns, ed the Congreve Rockets, which did much (two of which were thrown overboard dura execution, and recommends for proino- ing the chace), and a complement of 180 tion, Capis. Jervoise, Robinsou, Elliot, men. Holland, and Glew.) I have, &c.
H. M. S. Armide, at Sea, Ang. 16. GORDON DRUMMOND, Lieut.gen, I yesterday had the pleasure to inform Killed, Wounded, Missing, and taken Pri- you of the capture of the American
soners in Action on July 25. schooner privateer Herald ; and to-day I Total, - Killed, 84; Wounded, 559 ; am happy to have it in my power to reMissing, 193 ; Prisoners, 42.-Grand To- port the capture of another of the Enemy's tal, 878.
armed vessels by his Majesty's ship under Numes of Officers Killed, Wounded, Missing, my command, after a chace of six hours, and Prisoners.
the ship letter of marque Invincible (for. Oficers Killed. General Staff, Lieut. merly the Invincible Napoleon), · Capt. Moorsom, D. A. Adj.-gen.-Royals, Licut. Destebecho, of 331 tons, 16 guns, (ten of Hemphill.--89th, Capt. Spunner, Lieut. wbich were thrown overboard during the Latham. - Incorporated Militia, Ensign chace), and a complement of 60 men. Campbell,
Extract of a Letter from Cape Lake. Enemy retiring to the higher grounds.
Sloop Heron, at the Saintes, July 26. In support of the light brigade, I ordered I beg leave to inform you, that his Ma- up a brigade under the command of Col. jesty's sloop under my command captur- Brooke, who, with the 44th regiment, at. ed, on the 7th inst. the American brigan. tacked the Enemy's left, the 4th regiment tine letter of marque Mary, belonging to pressing his right with such effect as to New York, carrying five guns, and having cause him to abandon his guns. His first a complement of 32 men.
line giving way, was driven on the second, which, yielding to the irresistible attack of
the bayonet, and the well-directed dis. LONDON GAZETTE EXTRAORDINARY.
charge of rockets, got into confusion and Downing-street, Sept. 27.-Capt. Smith fed, leaving the British masters of the arrived this morning with a Dispatch from field. The rapid fight of the Enemy, and Gen. Ross, of which the following is a copy. bis knowledge of the country, precluded
Tonnant, in the Patuxent, Aug. 30. the possibility of many prisoners being My Lord, I have the honour to come taken, more particularly as the troops municate to your Lordship, that of the had, during the day, undergone consider, night of the 24th inst. after defeating the able fatigue.-The Enemy's army, amount. army of the United States on that day, ing to eight or pine thousand men, with the troops under my command entered and three orfour buodred cavalry,was under the took possession of the City of Washington. command of Gen. Winder, being formed
-It was determined between Sir A. Coch- of troops drawn from Baltimore and Penn, rane and myself, to disembark the arm at sylvania. His artillery, 10 pieces of which the village of Benedict, on the right bank fell into our hands, was commanded by of the Patuxent, with the intention of co. Commodore Barney, who was wounded operating with Rear-adm. Cockburn, in an and taken prisoner. The artillery I di. attack upon a flotilla of the Enemy's gun- rected to be destroyed. Having halted boats, under the command of Commodore the army for a short time, I determined Barney. On the 20th inst, the army com- to march upon Washington, and reached menced its march, having landed the pre- that city at eight o'clock that night. Judge vious day without opposition ; on the 21st ing it of consequence to complete the deit reached Nottingham, and on the 22d
struction of the public buildings with the moved on to Upper Marlborough, a few least possible delay, so that the army miles distant from Pig Poini, on the Pa. might retire without loss of time, the fol. tuxent, where Adm. Cockburn fell in with lowiug buildings were set fire to and conand defeated the flotilla, taking and de- sumed--the Capitol, including the Senate. stroying the whole. Having advanced to house and House of Representation, the within 16 miles of Washington, and ascer- Arsenal, the Dock-yard, Treasury, Wartaining the force of the Enemy to be such office, President's Palace, Rope-walk, and as might authorize an attempt at'carrying the great Bridge across the Potowmack : his capital, I determined to make it, and in the dock-yard a frigate nearly ready to accordingly put the troops in movement be launched, and a sloop of war, were on the evening of the 23d. A corps of consumed. The two bridges leading 10 about 1200 men appeared to oppose us, Washington over the Eastern branch had but retired after firing a few shots. On been destrayed by the Enemy, wlio ap. the 24th, the troops resumed their march, prebended an attack from that quarter, and reached Bladensburg, a village situa, The object of the expedition being accoma ted on the left bank of the Eastern branch plished, I determined, before any greater of the Potowmack, about five miles from force of the Enemy could be assembled, Washington. On the opposite side of that to withdraw the troops, and accordingly river the Enemy was discovered strongly commenced retiring on the night of the posted on very conmanding heights, form. 25th. On the evening of the 29th we ed in two lines, his advance occupying a 'reached Benedict, and re-embarked the fortified house, which, with artillery, co- following day. In the performance of the vered the bridge over the Eastern branch, operation I have detailed, it is with the across which the British troops had to utmost satisfaction I observe to your pass. A broad and straight road leading Lordship, that cheerfulness in undergoing from the bridge to Washington, fatigue, and anxiety for the accomplishthrough the Enemy's position, which was ment of the object, were conspicuous in carefully defended by artillery and rifle- all ranks.-lo Sir A. Cochrane my thanks men.--The disposition for the attack being are due, for his ready compliance with made, it was commenced with so much every wish connected with the welfare of impetuosity by the light brigade, consist the troops and the success of the expeing of the 85th light infantry and the light dition. To Rear-adm. Cockburn, who infantry companies of the army under suggested the attack upon Washington, the command of Col. Thornton, that the and who accompanied the army, I confess fortified house was, shortly carried, the the greatest obligation for his cordial co
operation and advice.-Col. Thornton, who will have the honour to deliver this dis. led the attack, is entitled to every praise patch, I beg leave to recommend to your for the noble example he set, which was Lordship’s protection, as an officer of so well followed by Lieut.-col. Wood and much merit and great promise, and capathe 85th light infantry, and by Major ble of affording any further information Jones, of the 4th foot, with the light com- that may be requisite.-Sanguine in hoppanies attached to the light brigade. 1 ing for the approbation of his Royal High have to express my approbation of the ness the Prince Regent, and of his Majesspirited conduct of Col. Brooke, and of his ty's Government, as to the conduct of the brigade : the 44th regiment, which he led, troops under my command, distinguished itself under the command of I have, &c. Rob. Ross, Major-gen. Lieut,-col. Mullens; the gallantry of the I beg leave to inclose herewith a return 4th foot, under the command of Major of the killed, wounded, and missing in the Faunce, being equally conspicuous.—The action of the 24th inst. together with a exertions of Capt. Mitchell, of the royal statement of the ordnance, ammunition, artillery, in bringing the guns into action, and ordnance stores taken from the Enemy were unremitting ; to him, and to the de. between the 19th aod 25th of August, and tachment under his command, including likewise sketches of the scene of action Capt. Deacon's rocket brigade, and the and of the line of march. marine rocket corps, I feel every obliga- Return of Killedt, Wounded, and Missing, tion, Capt. Lempriere, of the royal ar
on the 24th of August. tillery, mounted a small detachment of
I capt. 2 lieuts, 5 serjs. 56 rank and the artillery drivers, which proved of great file, 10 horses, killed; 2 lieut.-cols. 1 mautility. The assistance afforded by Capt. jor, 1 capt. 14 lieuts. 2 ensigns, 10 serjts. Blanchard, of the royal engineers, in the
155 rank and file, 8 horses, wounded. duties of his department, was of great
Names of Officers Killed and Wounded. advantage. To the zealous exertions of
Killed : Captains Wainwright, Palmer, and Money,
85th light infantry, Capt. D.
S. Hamilton, Lieut. Codd.---4th, or King's of the royal bavy, and to those of the
Own, Lieut. Woodward. officers and seamen who landed with theni,
Wounded the service is bighly indebted: the latter,
85th light infantry, Col.
Thornton, Lieut.-col. Wood, and Major Capt. Money, had charge of the seamen attached to the marine artillery, To Capt. Capt. Rennie, sev, (not dang.)4th, Lieut
Brown,sev.(all left at Bladensburg).-21st, M.Dougall, of the 85th foot, who acted as my aide-de-camp, in consequence of the
Hopkins, sev.; Lieut. Mackenzie, sl.; indisposition of my aide-de-camp Capt.
Lieut. Stavely, sev. (left at Bladensburg); Falls, and to the Officers of my staff, I
Lieuts. Boulby and Field, si. 21st, Lieut, feel much indebted.--I must beg leave to
Grace, sl. 85th, Lieuts. Williams and call your Lordship's attention to the zeal
Burrel, sev. ; F. Maunsell, sl. ; O'Copner and indefatigable exertions of Lieut. Evans,
and Gascoyne, sev. ; Hickson and Gleig, acting-deputy-quarter-master-gen. The
sl. ; Crouchley, sev.-4th, Ens. Buchan. intelligence displayed by that oficer, in
nan, sev. (left at Bladeusburg); Ensiga circumstances of considerable difficulty,
Reddock, severely. induces me to hope he will meet with some
Return of Ordnance and Stores taken, bedistinguished mark of approbation, I
tween the 19th and 25th of Aug. 1814. have reason to be satisfied with the ar- Total amount of cannon taken, 206 ; rangements of Assistant-Commissary. 500 barrels of powder; 100,000 rounds of General Lawrence.--An altack upon an musket-ball cartridges; 40 barrels of fineEnemy so strongly posted, could not be grained powder; a large quantity of ameffected without loss. I have to lament munition of different natures made up. that the wounds received by Col. Thornton, The navy-yard and arsenal having been and the other officers and soldiers left at set on fire by the Evemy before they reBladensburg, were such as prevented their tired, an immense quantity of stores, of removal. As many of the wounded as every description was destroyed, of which could be brougbt off were removed, the no account could be taken ; seven or eight others being left with medical care and very heavy explosions during the night attendants. The arrangements made by denoted that there had been large maga, Staff Surgeon Baxter for their accommo- zines of powder. dation have been as satisfactory as circum
N. B. The remains of near 20,000 stand stances would admit of. The agent for of arms were discovered, which had been British prisoners of war very fortunately destroyed by the Enemy. residing at Bladensburg, I have recommended the wounded officers and men to Admiralty-office, Sept. 27.-Capt. Wain. his particular attention, and trust to his wright, of the Tonnant, arrived this mornbeing able to effect their exchange when ing with Dispatches from Vice adm. the sufficiently recovered. --Capt. Smith, as- Hon. Sir A. Cochrape, of wbich the folsistant-adjutant-general to the troops, who lowing are copies :