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ferent fate, but drawn on from circumstances family to support. My mother was a duty: put into a travelling chariot in her stage dress, over which she could have no control, to en- But on brothers and sisters I have lavished to keep her appointment with the royal duke, counter alienation and unsuspected difficulty; more money than can be supposed ; and more, in a state of anguish easily to be conceived. the failure of her maternal hopes, and the I am sorry to say, than I can well justify to What passed at the meeting I would not wish embarrassment of her finances. A noble for those who have a stronger and prior claim on to detail.” (If he could, it would have been worth tune, acquired by unexampled toil, mouldering my exertions. With regard to myself (as much all his book to the curious; and, if he could away unaccountably from her disposal, and depends on our ideas of riches), I have cer- not, he had no business to undertake it.) her independence, at last, consisting in an an- tainly enough ; but this is too selfish a consi.“ After allowing her due time to recover her nuity, which sprung solely from the bounty of deration to weigh one moment against what I spirits, and endeavour to do herself justice by him whose happiness she had promoted for consider to be a duty. I am quite tired of the making her statement to the regent-submit. nearly twenty years of even exemplary attach- profession. I have lost those great excite- ting herself entirely to his judgment, and finally ment and confidence."

ments, vanity and emulation. The first has to the generous nature of the duke himselfThe Misses Ford, Dora and Lucy, married a been amply gratified ; and the last I see no she thus writes upon the subject of the separaMr. March of the Ordnance Office, and Colonel occasion for ; but still, without these, it is a tion, to her confidential friend. She may nos Hawker; and soon after, the troubles of their mere money-getting drudgery. The enthu- be pardoned for omitting to date the cominuni. mother reached a climax. But we must quote siasm of the good people here is really ridi- cation. But her mind is still amiable in its her own words upon the first rumour of a do- culous ; but it brings “grist to the mill,' and I disappointments; and she turns herself unafmestic rupture.

shall, notwithstanding the great drawback of fectedly to apologise for the rashuess by which “ With regard to the report of my quarrel unsettled weather, clear, between this place she has suffered. with the duke, every day of our past and pre- and Bristol, from 8001. to 9001. Though I

Letter I. sent lives must give the lie to it. He is an very seldom go out, when from home, I was

“ Bushy, Saturday. example for half the husbands and fathers in tempted by my dear girl, to go to a fashionable “My dear sir, -I received yours and its the world--the best of masters--and the most library to read the papers ; and, not being enclosure safe this morning. My mind is befirm and generous of friends. I will, in a day known, was entertained by some ladies with a ginning to feel somewhat reconciled to the or two, avail myself of your kind offer to con- most pathetic description of the parting be. shock and surprise it has lately received ; for tradict those odious and truly wicked reports. tween me and the duke! My very dress was could you or the world believe that we never I am so ill that I can do nothing myself.but described, and the whole conversation accu- had, for twenty years, the semblance of a quar. must wait for the assistance of a good and cle- rately repeated ! Unfortunately for the party, rel? But this is so well known in our domes. ver friend, who is at present out of the way, a lady came in, who immediately addressed me tic circle, that the astonishment is the greater. and who (if truth is not quite scared out of the by name, which threw them into the most Money, money, my good friend, or the want world) will endeavour to do away the ill im- ridiculous and (I conceive) the most unpleasant of it, has, I am convinced, made him, at this pressions those reports were meant to make.” embarrassment imaginable. In pity to them, moment, the most wretched of men; but har.

Mr. B. insinuates that he was the adviser I left the place immediately, and flatter myself ing done wrong, he does not like to retract. alluded to ; but, like the rest, it is impossible I did not shew any disgust or ill-nature on the But with all his excellent qualities, his domes. to attach a clear or certain meaning to his occasion. The last favour I asked of you was tic virtues, his love for his lovely childrer, words. In April, 1809, the separation took not to gratify my own vanity, but my best what must he not at this moment suffer! His place; and tbe author says:

friends, who, in spite of the world, are, I can distresses should have been relieved before-but “ Her letters are always careless, unstudied with truth assure you, as much interested this is entre nous. All his letters are full of effusions, written as fast as the pen will cover about me as they were seventeen years ago. the most unqualified praise of my condact; and the paper. The following, however, is singu- Believe me ever, your truly obliged,

it is the most heartfelt blessing to know that, larly valuable, as it unfolds much of her per

«Dora Jordan.'” to the best of my power, I have endeavoured sonal history; and proves how affectionately Mrs. Jordan returned to the stage, and per- to deserve it. I have received the greatest she had answered the numerous calls of family formed both in this country and in Ireland ; kindness and attention from the R****t, and upon her professional emoluments. She her. but (passing by a strange episode about Mary every branch of the royal family, who, in the self, it will be remarked, considered her success Ann Clarke) we proceed with the narrative. most unreserved terms, deplore this melancholy through life as most extraordinary; and, not “While she was acting at Cheltenham, a business. The whole correspondence is before withstanding her almost boundless liberality to storm burst upon her totally unexpected, which the R****t; and I am proud to add, that ny her relations, in her modest estimate of her is thus recorded by an actor, who was at the past and present conduct has secured me a claims, she thought that she had certainly time in the theatre. She received a letter from friend, who declares he never will forsake me. obtained enough ;-however, her duty, as she bis royal highness, desiring her to meet him at : My forbearance,' he says, " is beyond what conceived to others, still urged her to go on. Maidenhead, where they were to bid each he could have imagined! But what will a Her sincerity, a great feature in her character, other farewell. Mrs. Jordan had concluded a woman do, who is firmly and sincerely ai. openly confesses, that, as to the talents around her engagement, but remained one night over tached? Had he left me to starve, I never her, she is not excited by emulation, and that to perform Nell, for the manager, Mr. Watson's would have uttered a word to his disadvantage. her vanity has long been gratified to the height. benefit. It was in the afternoon of this very I enclose you two other letters; and in a day But she never acted better in her life, than at day she received the fatal letter. With that or two you shall see more, the rest being is the library, the Bath School for Scandal.' Dr. steady kindness that always distinguished her, the hands of the R****t. And now, my desi Johnson would have said, had he received she arrived at the theatre dreadfully weakened friend, do not hear the D. of c. unfairs such a letter from her, “ Say no more, dearest; by a succession of fainting fits. She, however, abused: he has done wrong, and he is surter. rest your epistolary, aye, and social fame too, struggled on with Nell, until Jobson arrived ing for it; but, as far as he has left it in bis upon your description of the conduct which at the passage where he has to accuse the con- own power, he is doing every thing kind and followed that impertinence.' 'In pity to them, juror of making her laughing drunk. When noble, even to the distressing himself. I thars I left the place immediately; and Aatter myself the actress here attempted to laugh, the afflicted you sincerely for the friendly caution at the I did not shew any disgust, or ill nature, on woman burst into tears. Here Jobson with end of your letter, though I trust there will be the occasion. It reads to my ear and heart, great presence of mind altered the text, and no occasion for it; but it was kind and friends, like one of those hopes of his own moderation, exclaimed to her—' Why, Nell, the conjuror and as such I shall ever esteem it. I remain. that the sage was wont to murmur into the has not only made thee drunk ; he has made dear sir, yours sincerely, Dora Jordas. ear of the diligent and reverential Boswell. thee crying drunk;' thus covering her personal “ These letters are for your eye alone." “ Bath, Sunday, April 22, 1809. distress, and carrying her through the scene in

Letter II. "" Dear Sir, I should be more insensible character. After the performance, she was

“ Bushy, Monday than my heart tells me I am, if I did not ex.

66 My dear Sir, I should be sorry the let. perience much gratification from your very have heard before:

ters I have enclosed to you were the air kind and friendly letters : friendly they must “ On the 3d of July, 1809, a cause was tried in the vouchers I could produce to the world, if nece be ; for, though I am ever asking favours of Wright was plaintiff, and Wardle

, the member, defend sary. But, good God! what will not the ri you, I feel it impossible that I can ever return ant. Mrs. Clarke, in support of the plaintiff, gave evi. say? I received two letters this day, telles them. My professional success through life dence with her accustomed precision and force. During me that I was accused of intriguing with to has, indeed, been most extraordinary ; and, her thus: Pray, madam, under whose protection are Duke of Cumberland ! I am heart.sick, sed consequently, attended with great emoluments. you now? She replied instantly, looking archly at the almost worn out with this cruel business ; bres But from my first starting in life, at the early and the equivoque of the truism convulsed the court with

I am, very gratefully, yours, age of fourteen, I have always had a large laughter."


# There is an anecdote of her we do not remember to

Letter III.

never, for a moment, could she have felt the cumstances attending the demand, it was re

« Bushy, Thursday. griping hand of poverty. I can positively fused ; and on the same day, this lady returned “ Dear Sir,-Allow me to thank you for assert, that never during her lifetime was one to France and there is little doubt but then, your kind attention to my request. We really shilling paid towards liquidating the securities for the first time, Mrs. Jordan did become live so much in the country, and so entirely in question; nor was it urgent that it should apprehensive. During her stay in England, within ourselves, that we might be dead and be done; because the creditors, for the most | the lady allnded to informed two of Mrs. Jora buried without our friends knowing even that part personal friends, well knew the upright dan's daughters, that Mrs. Jordan's future we had been ill. I have the heartfelt happi- principles they had to depend upon; nor were place of residence in France was to be kept a ness of informing you, that the duke is con. they ignorant, that the transcendent talents of profound secret from them, and that all letters siderably better, though far from being as this gifted being were always sure to receive a from them to their mother must be sent through we could wish : however, his physicians have munificent reward from the hands of the pub. a third person, and directed to Mrs. James, given his royal highness permission to go to lic whenever she should again seek their assist- instead of Mrs. Jordan ; thus, from that time, town to-morrow. I have been confined ever ance; and in the fruits of this they were sure all such communications first passed through since my return, owing to the fatigue and anx- of participating. Her protracted stay abroad the hands of a person, who might withdraw iety I have gone through. I fear it will be was occasioned by untoward circumstances, over Mrs. Jordan's confidence and affection from some time before I recover the very great shock which the principals had no control. Up to those most interested in getting her back to I received. I hear there are to be two Drury the hour of Mrs. Jordan's leaving England, England. It is necessary to revert to the verLanes--I believe just as likely as one. Yours she had been living under the same roof with bal refusal given to take the oath demanded, ever,

DORA JORDAN." the relative with whom she was concerned in because it has been made a point of much imLetter IV.

the securities alluded to. Reciprocal acts of portance as connected with Nirs. Jordan's state

kindness, mutual confidence in all domestic of feeling, in consequence of the publication Cadogan Place, Thursday. “My dear Sir, I fear I must have appeared tended to create in Mrs. Jordan's mind a reli- 1824, of a letter of Mrs. Jordan's bearing date

matters, and many points of private affairs, made in the Morning Chronicle of 26 January, unmindful of your many kindnesses, in having

ance upon this person. Never, for a moment, 16th January, 1816. Mrs. Jordan's letter been such a length of time without writing to during the six years that her daughter had must have been written immediately after the you ; but really, till very lately, my spirits been married, had Mrs. Jordan reason to doubt return of the above-mentioned lady to France ; have been so depressed, that I am sure you will his sincere affection, or his veracity; nor did and there is great reason to think, that then understand my feelings when I say, it cost me she doubt them when she left England. Im- only, for the first time, did a feeling of appremore pain to write to those interested about mediately upon the derangement of Mrs. Jor. hension of further demands awake in Mrs. Jorme, than to a common acqnaintance; but the

dan's affairs, and before she left England, a dan's mind, and the fatal step of cutting off constant kindness and attention I meet with from the duke, in every respect but personal liable was made out, together with a list of the gether, or perhaps only delayed, the receipt of

statement of all the claims to which she was the source of communication, prevented altointerviews (and which depends as much on my persons holding her bonds and bills of accept- a letter, written by the person refusing to take feelings as his), has, in a great measure, restored me to my former health and spirits. dan that her liabilities did not much exceed was truly willing to do whatever Dirs. Jor

ance; the result of which convinced Mrs. Jor- the oath, on the very same day, to say that he Among many noble traits of goodness, he has 2,0001.; and that the claimants were, one and dan should herself require, and that the oath lately added one more that of exonerating me from my promise of not returning to my pro. August 1815 Mrs. Jordan left England for it was her wish. There can be no question

all, the personal friends of the parties. In should be taken whenever she wrote to say fession. This he has done under the idea of France, with the intention of remaining away that the mind of this great woman had been its benefiting my health, and adding to my some ten days, the time computed necessary long and grievously oppressed-nor will this be pleasures and comforts ; and, though it is very to place matters in that state as to render her any matter of wonder when a retrospect is uncertain whether I shall ever avail myself of

person legally secure from arrest. Her affairs taken of her eventful life. Who can deny this kindness, yet you, if you choose, are at liberty to make it known, whether publicly or formed in every particular thereof, as of all had many bitter memorials that good and ill

were placed in the hands of persons well in- that, in the greatest Aow of her prosperity, she privately. Yours ever, &c. &c.


other matters connected with her life. Mrs. will mingle in every human condition? The

Jordan was well aware that the creditors were greatest pleasure that acquiring wealth could “ P.S. I wish I could see you ; but it is such only anxious to have their claims placed in a bestow upon Mrs. Jordan was its affording her a long way for you to come.”

secure state, and that they were willing to give the power of shedding greater happiness around Letter V.

every accommodation required. She was also her. Can there be a severer censure on her “ St. James's, Tuesday, 7th December. aware that her fellow-sufferer had given up a memory, than to think that pecuniary difficul. “My dear Sir, I lose not a moment in let- considerable portion of his annual income ; and ties, even weighty, (which hers never were) ting you know, that the Duke of Clarence has she felt that her representative in England could for any length of time have depressed a concluded and settled on me and his children could, in one hour's time, settle any doubtful mind such as hers in its perfect state? I have the most liberal and generous provision; and I point that might arise during the arrangement. thrown this statement together in the hope that trust every thing will sink into oblivion. Yours In short, she knew that no impediment existed. you will deem it satisfactory." ever,

DORA JORDAN." Consequently, when she found that month Professing once more that we cannot compre. If our readers can solve the enigma, we shall after month elapsed without any thing being hend the elucidations, and are, with regard to not repine: we have laid all the materials finally settled, her mind became troubled. facts, just about as wise as when we sat down before them, the entire pith and marrow of When Mrs. Jordan left England, she took to these volumes, we shall not follow Mrs. JorMr. Boaden's revelations-contained in these with her, as a companion, a lady who had for dan into her seclusion in France, where she letters, and what he calls “ Authentic State- some years previous been employed in superin- resided for a while in very melancholy spirits, ment. In the autumn of 1815 Mrs. Jordan tending the education of Mrs. Jordan's younger and finally died almost broken-hearted, on the was called upon, very unexpectedly, to redeem children, and who had for the last twelve 9th of July, 1816. some securities given by her, for money raised months been Mrs. Jordan's constant attendant. A sweet portrait, after Romney, and a holo. to assist a near relative. The cause of this aid This person came to England in January 1816, graph letter (fac-simile) adorn the Memoirs, of was the pressure of matters purely of a domes- to receive and take to Mrs. Jordan her quar- which we may sum up the character by repeat. tic nature. The call upon her was sudden, ter's income, then in Messrs. Coutts' house. ing, that they are miserably deficient in inforand certainly unexpected; and, not finding From the moment of her arrival in England, mation, confused in arrangement, and made up herself in a situation to advance the 2,0001. until she quitted it, she pursued a line of con- with all sorts of matters and a catching title to claimed, she withdrew herself to France, de- duct towards the daughters of Mrs. Jordan attract notice. With regard to the principle puting a friend in England to make every (then residing in Mrs. Jordan's house) that involved in their publication at all, we have necessary arrangement for paying all the cre- was offensive beyond measure: she perempto- freely expressed our opinion - we hold it to be ditors as soon as possibile. At the time of rily, and in a most insulting manner, called utterly indefensible; and the only poor palliaMrs. Jordan's quitting England, she was in upon the person concerned with Mrs. Jordan tion that can be afforded lies in the Apothethe receipt of an annual income of upwards of in the affair of the bills and bonds, to make cary's line£2,000), paid, with the greatest punctuality, oath that Mrs. Jordan was not liable to any "My poverty, but not my will, consents.” quarterly, without demur, drawback, or impe- claims beyond those of which she already knew; diment; and so continued to the hour of her the demand was accompanied with base insinudeath. Up to April 1816, Mrs. Jordan's drafts ations. Justly doubting this to be really the on Messrs. Coutts and Co. were duly paid-- wish of Mrs. Jordan, and irritated at the cir.

As riddles use to be

visited the monastery of Mount Casino, tol The subject-matter of the third book of Regimen Sanitatis Salernitanum; a Poem on recommend themselves to the prayers of the another imitator, Ægidius, is far too valuable

ihe Preservation of Health, in Rhyming Latin monks, and the protection of Saint Benedict. for us to pass over unnoticed. Its contents Verse. Addressed by the School of Salerno From hence they sailed over to Durazzo, ar. supply us with advice that young and ines. to Robert of Normandy, Son of William the rived at Constantinople, and joined the armies perienced physicians are to be avoided; also Conqueror : with an ancient Translation, and of the crusaders at the siege of Nice. It is the description of a good physician :" this

, an Introduction and Notes. By Sir Alex

unnecessary to relate here the prodigies of we confess, we should very much like to see ander Croke, D.C.L. and F.A.S. 8vo. pp. valour performed by Duke Robert in Palestine. but presume it can only be meant as ideal

. 199. Oxford, 1830. D. A. Talboys.

After the conquest of the holy city, the victory The same book moreover asserts, that “the To the medical professor this volume will not at Ascalon, the election of Godfrey, and the circumstances of cases should be inquired into" fail to be highly interesting from its matter ; establishment of the kingdom of Jerusalem, in the propriety of this, Mr. Abernethy will of and, from the quaintness of its style, to be the greater part of the crusaders returned course consistently acquiesce. It may not be infinitely amusing. He will sometimes indeed home, crowned with glory, and exhausted by amiss to give the acknowledgments of the same have to restrain the smile of superiority, at the their labours. The Duke of Normandy and writer, for the extra services of him who does grave simplicity and dogmatic absurdity with the Count of Flanders, by the way of Constan. rather more for your money than would be which, in the eleventh century, the College of tinople, returned into Apulia in September, generally required at his hands : Physicians were wont to afflict their patients ; | 1099. Robert was received by his countrymen Qui requiem monachis in acutis febribus offert, while he will more frequently have to trace and relations, Ruggiero Count of Sicily, and

Et requiem facit æternam. the modern discovery and the specific nostrum his nephew Ruggiero Duke of Apulia, with These lines may be considered as peculiarly to some antique common-place. Nor will he the cordiality and honours due to the successful applicable to one Sanctus Johannes Longinus, seldom find reason to exult, how soon the champions of the cross, and in a round of fes- whose memory lives in the minds of every one twilight of his science began to dispel the tivities they forgot_the sufferings of their —but his patients. Our fair readers will sup. profound darkness of the middle ages, and feel Christian warfare. Robert was vanquished by pose the censure to be passed upon the em. proud of the stout infancy of his profession, the charms of Sybilla, the daughter of Geoffrey piric, who, in fulfilling his promise of repose, which while in the cradle strangled the Typhon, Count of Conversano, the nephew of Robert relieves his patients by what may be translated and commenced its vigorous labours of antici- Guiscard. She was a lady of great beauty, the long sleep. pating or alleviating human suffering,—in elegant manners, and superior understanding. We trust our readers will not think ve aiding to rid the world of the ravages and At a subsequent period, after their return to mean to insult them by proceeding to quote havoc of disease. To the antiquary, if there Normandy, she was said to have conducted the the old English version, in preference to the be one whose researches this little book may affairs of the duchy, during his temporary ab- original Latin. The exposition of the line, have eluded,-a rich fund of delight will be sences, with more judgment than her impru. Unica nux prodest, nocet altera, tertia mors est. opened. Even if he should have met with the dent husband. He had a son by her named is neat, quaint, and pretty : original, his veneration for antiquity will not William, who became Count of Flanders. Yet

" This speeche perhapes is somewhat darke, be violated by meeting an old friend with a she appears to have fallen early a sacrifice to

The stile thereof with common sense new face: we have the authority of Sir Alex. the envy and factiousness of some Norman

Doth not so well agree. ander Croke's introduction for our declaration, ladies of nobility. Upon this marriage, from

But for to tell by passinge nutt that the poem is “in the precise state in which his father-in-law and other friends, Robert Our author what he meanse, it was sent to the King of England;" that is, received a large treasure to enable him to The nutmegge first he profereth,

And that to good intense. Duke Robert of Normandy, who was to have redeem his dominions. Besides visiting his

In second place, what hurtfull is been king, provided he had lived long enough, Norman friends, a principal object in Robert's

He seemeth for to tuche, had not flung his crown at the Saracens, and his return to Italy was to consult the physicians of Wherein he meaneth the wallnutte brother William Rufus, the pawnbroker, had Salerno, for a wound which he had received in Doth hurte us over muche. thought proper to let him.-We quote Duke his right arm from an arrow supposed to have

But in the last what perils moughte

Be hidde therein í muse, Robert's history; since to him the poem was been poisoned, and which had degenerated Because to eate or cracke that nutte dedicated. into a deep ulcer, called a fistula. The story

No man did ever use. “ Such was the situation of the country, and that the poison was sucked out by his affec As well Inoughe he knew that wratte the state of medical science at Salerno, when tionate wife during his sleep, is probably one of

This plesante pretye verse,

So doeth he bringe in pretilye Robert Duke of Normandy, the eldest son of the romantic tales of that romantic period, What nutte doth use to perse. William the Conqueror, having mortgaged his and has been told of other heroes. That his And in his talke of nuttes in deede dukedom for ten thousand marks to his brother cure was owing to the skill of the doctors of

In sadness first he spake;

But at the last the name of nutte William Rufus, set out upon his expedition to Salerno is more probable. Amidst the hospi.

As loughte for to forsake. Palestine. This army of the crusaders, which tality of his countrymen, the luxuries of Italy,

He sayeth that full manye a man consisted of Britons, Normans, and French, and the endearments of his bride, Robert was

The crosse-bowe hath yslane, was conducted principally by Hugh the great ted near a year, and by this delay he lost the

The nutte whereof he blames therefore

His meaning now is playne; Count of Vermandois, the Duke of Normandy, crown of England, and ended a brave but And I do tell you, not in vaine, Robert Count of Flanders, Stephen Count of imprudent life in a captivity of eight and 'Tis good from such nuttes to refrain.” Chartres and Blois, Eustace Count of Bologne, twenty years.".

The Salernian poem opens thus:and Odo Bishop of Bayeux. Whilst Godfrey Before entering upon the merits of the Sa “ The Salerne Schoole doth by these lines impart of Bouillon with his companions marched lerniau poem, we should state, that the extraor

All health to England's king, and doth aduise through Hungary, this division left France, in dinary popularity with which it was welcomed,

From care his head to keepe, from wrath his harte.

Drink not much wine, sup light, and soone arise; September 1096, and crossed the Alps into called forth many ons. Among other When meat is gone, long sitting breedeth snart; Italy. At Lucca they received the benediction emulatory productions, was one by Otho of

And after noone still waking keepe your eies;

When mou'd you find your selfe to nature's need, of the pope, visited the tombs of the apostles at Cremona. We shall take the freedom of mak Forbeare them not, for that much danger breeds: Rome, and repaired to Salerno, the metropolis ing the annexed extract from Mr. Othu's Vse three physitians-first, doctor Quiet, of the Norman duchy of Apulia Robert of poem, for the sole and especial gratification of

Next doctor Mery-man, and doctor Dyet." Normandy was nearly related to the reigning our medical friends. Sir Alexander remarks: The physicians of former days, like those o family. Ruggiero, the duke, had married “ The following prudential advice enters too the present, were very much of St. Paul's var Adela, Robert's first cousin, the daughter of deeply into the mysteries of the profession to of thinking in regard to wine. It must have Robert le Frison, who was brother to Matilda, have been designed for the use of the profane: been a “ bee's-wing” gentleman who gave the the wife of William the Conqueror. The

De prudentia Medici sumentis pro labore.

following hints :season was too far advanced to proceed safely

Non didici gratis, nec sagax Musa Hippocratis “ Chuse wine you meane shall serve you all the year,

Ægris in stratis serviet absque datis. by sea to the coast of Epirus. The impetu.

Well-savour'd, tasting well, and color'd cleere; Sumpta solet care multum medicina juvare,

Fiue qualities there are, wine's praise aduancing, osity, however, of the Counts of Vermandois Si quæ datur gratis nil habet utilitatis.

Strong, beawtyfull, and fragrant, coole, and daunanya and Flanders impelled them to brave the

Res dare pro rebus, pro verbis verba solemus.

White Muskadell and Candy wine, and Greeke, Pro vanis verbis montanis utimur herbis,

Do make men's wits and bodies grosse and fat; dangers of the sea, and to pass over with their Pro caris rebus, pigmentis et speciebus.

Redl wyne doth make the voyce oft time to seek, troops. The Duke of Normandy, and the Est medicinalis medis data regula talis :

And hath a binding quality to that;
Counts of Chartres and Bologne, passed the

Ut dicatur, da, da, dum profert languidus, ha, ha. Canary and Madera, both are like
Da medicis primo medium, medio, nihil imo.

To make one leane indeed (but wot you what); winter at Salerno. In the April following Dum dolet infirmus medicus sit pignore firmus. Who say they make one leane, wold make one lat they proceeded on their expedition from the

Instantèr quære nummos, ut pignus, habere.

They ineane, they make one leane vpon a stafie.

Fædus et antiquum conservat pignus amicum, Wine, women, baths, by art or nature warme, ports of Apulia. In their way to Bari they! Nam si post quæris quærens seinper eris."

Vs'd or abus'd, do men much good or harme."

With the exception of Ude, cooks are not in equivocal etchings. These, however, bear pany sat upon chairs with concave backs, and general sufficiently aware of their importance witness, since they are fac-similes from old were arranged, much as at the present day, in the political atmosphere ; we trust, like editions, that there were Cruikshanks in those with the view that to each of the ladies should Ude, they will henceforth become more conse-days, as well as the present. Heartily joining be assigned a neighbour of the other sex. quential, as their influence in society justly in the good wishes of the poem, both to our The dishes consisted of fowls and fish, of the entitles them ;–in a word, upon them the readers and ourselves, we close our notice of flesh of oxen, sheep, deer, and swine, both wild safety of the state depends.

this entertaining modern antique in its con- and domestic, not excepting certain portions of “Good dyet is a perfect way of curing, cluding words:

the sea-swine, or porpoise--a food not at preAnd worthy much regard and health assuring; “ And heere I cease to write, but will not cease

sent much in repute, but at that period no A king that cannot rule him in his dyet,

To wish you live in health and die in peace; Will hardly rule his realme in peace and quyet."

unfrequent article of diet. There were two And ye our Physicke rules that friendly read, Convinced as we are of the truth contained God graunt that Physicke you may neuer neede."

sanda, or dishes, of sodden syflian, or soup

bouilli, and one of seathen, or boiled, goose. in the above quatrain, we earnestly and humbly deprecate our good king's eating too freely of The Sea-Kings in England; an Historical lay in two silver baskets upon the table.' Al

The bread was of the finest wheaten flour, and the great plum-cake that was lately sent him. Romance of the time of Alfred. By Edwin most the only vegetable in use among the Sax

We cannot refrain from divulging for whom Atherstone, author of the Fall of Nineveh." the following prophetic extracts were intended; 3 vols. 12mo. Edinburgh, 1830, Cadell ; were salt and pepper. These various articles

ons was kale wort; and the only condiments at the same time we must in justice acknow London, Whittaker and Co.

were boiled, baked, or broiled; and were band. ledge, that the outlines of the predictions are we have a great respect for our Saxon ances- ed by the attendants upon small spits to the pretty accurately portrayed. The first stanza is evidently intended for John Bull , when, buted their full share to that superiority which were not used in England till James the First's

Instead of forks, which tors: they were a bold, free race, and contri. company. like ourselves, he does not run his head against politics, and is consequently in the humour toof every true Briton. Mr. Atherstone has given Italy, our ancestors made use of their fingers ;

we believe is now considered to be the birthright time, when Tom Coriate introduced them from revive the days of merry England.

an epic character to his romance, which is laid but, for the sake of cleanliness, each person " Complexions cannot vertue breed, or vice; Yet may they vnto both giue inclination;

at a most stirring period—the time when Alfred was provided with a small silver ever containThe Sanguin gamesome is, and nothing nice urged his fiercest warfare with the Danes. ing water, and two flowered napkins of the Loues wine, and women, and all recreation;

The interest of the story is centered in a boy, finest linen. Their dessert consisted of grapes, Likes pleasant tales and newes, plaies cards and dice, Fit for all company and euery fashion :

rescued, by the sea-king Sidroc, from the gene-tigs, nuts, apples, pears, and almonds." Though bold, not apt to take offence, nor irefull, ral destruction attendant on the slaughter and Scene in a Danish lent." The first object But bountifull and kind, and looking chearefull: Inclining to be fat, and prone to lafter;

burning of the monastery where he was being that he beheld was the celebrated raven ban. Loues myrth and musicke, cares not what comes after." educated. The chances of the eventful life of ner of the Northmen, which, elevated upon its

We cannot for a moment hesitate where to his young hero are well blended with the known gilded pole, appeared to move its wings as if in apply the second ; nor do we doubt but that history of the times. Alfred is contrasted with the act of flying. Upon this were turned the the honourable Member for Clare will con- the ferocious Hubbo; Aslauga, the widow of looks of some forty or fifty mail.clad men, who, scientiously, admit who is the representative duced ; and a single combat is described with their breast-plates, shouted in exultation at the

the celebrated Regnar Lodbrod, is also intro-standing up and clashing their sword-hilts upon designated therein. • Sharpe Choller is an humour most pernitious,

great spirit. In the comic parts Mr. Ather- mystic sign that promised victory. Edmund All violent and fierce, and full of fire

stone is not so successful: Elf, the pantaloon of gazed for a moment at the magical banner, of Of quicke conceit, and therewithal ambitious :

the drama, is absurd--not entertaining. But which the history was well known to him, and Their thoughts to greater fortune still aspyre; Proud, bountifull enough, yet oft malicious

let our readers see how they like a specimen or then glanced round at the warriors. Their A right holde spraker, and as bold a lyer ;

faces were flushed with wine, and their eyes On little cause to anger great inclin'd;

Description of the Queen Aslauga :-"Upon shot fire. They were unhelmeted, and their Much eating still, yet euer looking pin'd; In younger yeares they vse to grow apace,

a sort of couch, or throne, of width sufficient hair, mostly red, flowed in curls upon their In elder, hairy on their breast and face."

to accommodate three persons, and ornamented shoulders. All appeared to be men of great We have been induced to hint at the above at the extremities by two carved and gilded strength and unbounded fierceness.

One gi. application, solely from understanding that the figures, probably designed to represent lions, gantic form as yet stood at the farther end of honourable member won't fight. This anti- there sat a lady, richly attired, of a command- the tent, with his back toward Edmund, look. Hibernian quiescence has, we are credibly in. ing presence, and exceeding beauty. The co-ing up to the banner ; his left hand was on his formed, already debilitated, if not totally abo- vering of the couch was a rich cloth of purple; sword-hilt

, and his right extended as if in ex. lished, the popularity of the member with the but, where it had been thrown back at the ultation at the favouring sign. But the wings majority of his constituents, and undeniably sides or arms, it sbewed underneath a soft of the raven were again folded ; and the war. renders' him a very improper representative of cushion, formed from the hide of a bear, one rior turned round to his companions. The the proverbial feelings of his countrymen. Since claw of which hung down in front, and ap- huge fierce countenance came upon Edmund, it may be done with impunity, we are deter-peared to have been gilded. A table, adorned like the burst of a red fire. It was Hubbo that mined, like other honourable gentlemen, to

with plates of silver, and studded with gems of stood before him. The ferocious features bad have a Aing at him whenever we please. But various colours, stood near her; and upon it never been erased from his memory; but he why continue to bother with the lie, a man

lay a small silver bell, and a piece of embroi. did not expect that the actual appearance would who, at least, is alike ready to give and take? dered silk, upon which she had just been equal the hideous picture of his fancy. Such,

The third stanza we have already conveyed, busied. A footstool of crimson cloth, inter- however, as his boyish fears had depicted, such in the last despatches, to the Hague.

woven with flowers of yellow silk, supported was the dreadful Northman that now stood « The Flegmatique are most of no great growth,

her right foot. Her shoes were of tawny lea- before his bodily vision. Years had nought Inclining rather to be fat and square ;

ther, broad at the toe, and laced close to the impaired his strength, or softened his fierceGiuen much vnto their ease, to rest and sloth,

foot. She was clad in a loose upper robe of ness, while they had made his features yet Content in knowledge to take little share, To put themselues to any paine most loth,

purple silk, having a broad band of gold em- more gross, and stamped upon them yet more So dead their spirits, so dull their sences are :

broidery at the hem, and a little below the strongly the characters of cruelty and savage Still either sitting, like to folke that dreame;

knee, where, having partially fallen aside, it daring. "'Tis fixed then for the morrow,' he Or else still spitting, to avoid the flegme, One quality doth yet these harmes repayre,

discovered an under garment of light blue, cried ; at sunrise shall the sacrifice be offered That for most part the Flegmatique are fayre." wrought of silk and fine woollen intermingled. up, and afterwards let the Saxon look for his

The fourth sufficiently recommends itself to She had no covering upon the head but that doom. Fill up the cups to the god of battle! those who would see through the inward work which nature had given her—a profusion of The blood shall flow for him like a mountain ings of our Puritans.

the most beautiful golden hair, hanging in stream ! the choosers of the slain shall be wea. - The Melancholy from the rest do vary,

locks, delicately twisted on either side, and of ried among the heaps of dead! Trondath, fill Both sport, and orse, and company refusing ;

such a length behind that, had they not been up the skull to the brim : we drink to the terExceeding studious, euer solitary; Inclining pensiue still to be, and musing;

turned up, and loosely bound with slender rible god. Are ye all prepared ?' • All, all,'

bands of golden chainwork, they might proba- exclaimed every voice. Hubbo listed the skull Most constant in his choice, tho long a choosing; bly have reached to the knee.”

filled with mead; his guests stood up, each Extreame in loue sometime, yet seldom lustfull; Suspitious in his nature, and mistrustfull.

A Saxon dinner.-" The dining table was holding in his extended right hand the full.. A wary wit, a hand much giun to sparing,

oblong, and rounded at the ends. The cloth charged vessel, and every eye bent upon their A heauy looke, a spirit little daring."

was a rich crimson, with a broad gilt margin; leader : ' To Odin,' he cried, with a voice that The volume is illustrated by some rather and hung low beneath the table. The com- shook the tent; to the terrible and severe


A secret hate to others apt to carry ;



god! the father of slaughter! the god that tion of the sufferings they had endured, and of fulfilled._" he that lives by the sword shall carrieth desolation and fire !'

the precariousness of their present situation, die by the sword.” We will quote their deaths. We must give due praise to the industry would tend to deter other adventurers from “ The deportment of Carvajal, during bis that has collected every possible light thrown joining their fortunes. Almagro, therefore, confinement and trial, was extraordinary. by the scattered notices of historians on the refused to be attended by any of his followers There was a degree not only of indifference, manners and customs of the times. Mr. Ather. upon his return to Panama, under pretence but even of levity and buffoonery, displayed in stone is a man of unquestionable powers; but that his companions ought to be left in pos- his conduct, wholly unbecoming a man of such we do not think they are judiciously applied. session of every resource, in order to be pre- advanced age, and on the point of being thes It is folly for an author to talk of posterity, and pared for any contingency. He also objected ignominiously sent into eternity. He was of despising those among whom his lot is cast. to bearing any letters from his companions, visited in the prison by several individuals ; The taste of the present time has little relish thinking, by this means, to thwart the irten- some led by curiosity, others bringing strange for scenes of single combat between armed tions of the discontented. But, despite of the requisitions. A tradesman, among other, chiefs_battles, with their repetitions of blood- vigilance of the two chiefs, the desponding came to demand the restitution of a great sum shed, flight, and triumph. We have no sym- portion of their followers succeeded in convey of money, and pathetically remonstrated with pathy where we have nothing in.common. The ing to their friends a lamentable account of Carvajal on the danger his soul would incur in epic glory of kings and warriors has had its their misfortunes. The manner in which this a future state, if he neglected to settle his delts day. An author, in choosing such subjects, was contrived appears not destitute of inge- before he departed from this world. This first incurs a most disadvantageous comparison nuity. One Saravia sent a representation of strange application, made to a man who had with his predecessors, and then has to contend their troubles, and of their anxiety to be freed not a coin to call his own, was answered by with utter indifference on the part of his read from their present state of thraldom, hidden in Carvajal in his usual style of jocnlarity.

An interesting story, and skilfully de- a ball of cotton thread, which he sent to a Friend,' he said, smiling, what are you sy picted characters, would now outweigh a whole friend, under pretext of having a pair of stock - ing about a great debt? the only one with army of heroes, with a single combat in every ings made. This document concluded with which my conscience reproaches me, is that of chapter. The worst we say of Mr. Atherstone four doggrel lines expressive of their sentiments a •rial, which I owe to an old public-bouse is, that he deserves to have been born some with regard to their leaders. They were as keeper at Seville : so go your ways, and don't hundred years ago, when he might have been follows:

trouble me with such stories.' Carvajal va bard to some heroic king, tuned his harp with

"Oh governor, incline your ear,

dragged to the place of execution with igno. a key of silver, and drank mead out of a cup of

And ponder well our state;

miny, and underwent his fate with extraordi.

While the butcher lingers here, gold.

The gatherer is gone to bait:'*

nary coolness, and even indifference. He was Constable's Miscellany, Vol. LII1.- History characterised by those two epithets.” alluding to Almagro and Pizarro, who were hanged the day after his capture, in the eighty

fourth year of his age. His long career of life of Peru. By Don Telesforo de Trueba y Cosio, author of the Life of “ Hernan Cor- to an action which reminds one somewhat of arms; so that he possessed consummate know.

In one of his difficulties, Pizarro had recourse had been devoted entirely to the profession of 12mo. pp. 341. Edinburgh, 1830, the classical expedients of antiquity.

ledge in the art of war. He had served in Constable and Co., London, Hurst, Chance, and Co.

“ In this emergency, the battled commander Italy under Gonzalo de Cordova, and had par.

resolved to adopt one of those magnanimous ticularly distinguished himself in the battle of Tuis volume completes the history of Spanish measures, which, by striking the imagination Ravenna, where he fought as an ensign. He conquest in America, and, sooth to say, it is a of men, often end in persuading their hearts. may justly be considered as the most experimost ruthless one. The doctrine of some dark Open revolt--perhaps his own death_would enced and skillul officer that ever appeared on and terrible fatality, or rather judgment, seems be the consequence of the attempt. Pizarro the scene of American conquest ; and his supe. alone able to account for the extraordinary assembled his soldiers, and, drawing his sword, riority in military tactics was universally acsuccess of the Spanish conquerors, and the described with it a line on the ground. He knowledged. But he continually stained the blindness of the unfortunate Peruvians. The then, with a firm demeanour and resolute voice, lustre which would have attended his valour advantages and disadvantages atteudant on exclaimed, • Spaniards! this line is the em- and abilities, by the ferocity of his conduct. the conquest of America, are sutject with debating societies. The benefits of innumerable sufferings which are to be susa common blem of hardships, dangers, and constant toil_He was of so sanguinary a character, that be

inflicted death for the most trilling offences Europe has derived were purchased at the tained in the prosecution of a most glorious even for no offence at all, when he considered expense of life to an entire race. There is a enterprise. Let those who consider themselves that the sacrifice of human blood was farour. good contrast drawn in the preface between endowed with sufficient strength and magna- able to his schemes. His rigour with regard te the fierce and cruel habits of the Mexicans, nimity—those to whom the renown of a glori- military discipline was carried to such an ex: and the mild and greatly civilised ones of the ous conqueror is dear, boldly pass the line; treme, 'as to create a sensation of dread and Peruvians. We recommend this preface to our and as for those who feel themselves unequal Lorror among the independent and lawless adreaders' attention. The information it con- to the sacrifice of present ease, for the attain- venturers, who had hitherto been accustomed tains is given in a most animated manner, and ment of future fame and fortune, let them re- to conduct themselves as best suited their pur, its remarks are as just as its views are clear. turn to Panama with all suitable speed ; 1 pose, and without much reference to matia The luistory of Piza zo would be a romance, myself will remain here, and, with the help of regulations. Ilis name became, therefore, a but for its truth ;--fact always goes farther the bravest of my followers, however few they by-word of terror; and though his severing than fiction. Our author observes :-" There is something almost incredible, not to say ab- ing that, with the assistance of God, and by army, by the establishment of military discip

may be, I will prosecute our enterprise; trust- was attended with beneficial results to the surd, in the circumstance of three private per- our undaunted perseverance, our efforts will be line, it is not less true that it induced many ty sons settled in an infant colony, quietly delibe- ultimately crowned with success.” No sooner desert. Neither his capture nor death created rating, and coolly resolving, to embark into were these words pronounced, than the soldiers any sensation of pity or regret ; for, thoug turning and subjugation of vast and powerful forded. With unbecoming alacrity, they bent ated, he was universally an object of dread ar regions.” Pizarro, his friend Almagro, and their steps towards the shore, to embark with abhorrence.” an ecclesiastic, Hernando Luque, were the tri- the utmost expedition, lest the determination

Gonzalo Pizarro died in a better spirit :umvirate, whose extraordinary perseverance in of their commander should undergo a change.

“ He ascended the platform where he was to almost hopeless efforts, discovered and con- Only thirteen men had the courage and the noble suffer death, with the greatest firmness as quered Peru. A hundred and eighty soldiers resolution to pass the line, and declare them composure, but shewed not the least tokea vé not only invaded but subdued a vast and popu- selves resolved to adhere faithfully to their that bravado and indifference which is so ofta louis empire. The difficulties that the enter- chief until death. To this heroic band is owing assumed to display a contempt of death,

bet prise had to contend with at first, were, expo- the discovery and conquest of Peru.",

which, instead of impressing the beholders with sure to the climate, want of food, and extreme

Retribution seems to have visited all the con- sentiments of admiration, naturally create fatigue: most of the early adventurers perished. querors of Peru. Pizarro himself was mur. feelings of horror and disgust. Pizarro The following extract will shew Pizarro's dif- dered ; his brother Gonzalo executed ; and vanced to the border of the platform, and cake Both he and Almagro perceived the necesnever was the Scripture threat more completely a look upon the surrounding multitude, whos

he appeared desirous of addressing. Indees sity of preventing their followers from keep

"Pue senor gobernador

in this motley crowd were many of his brore ing up any correspondence with their friends at

Mirelo bien por entero, Panama. They were aware that a representa.'

Que alla' va el recogedor,

veterans, companions in his perilous en Y aqui queda il carnicero."

tions, and partakers of his glory and disasters,

ficulties :

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