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Journal of Belles Lettres, Arts, Sciences, &c.

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No. 709.

SATURDAY, AUGUST 21,

1830.

PRICE 8d.

REVIEW OF NEW BOOKS.

loway, the engineer, who was lighting the file, had chosen to lie down, and completely

pasha's palace at Soubra, near Cairo, with gas. filled up the narrow way, roaring and bellow. Narrative of a Journey overland from England, “ He was (she informs us) much interested ing most tremendously. In vain did the driver

by the Continent of Europe, Egypt, and the in, and exceedingly sanguine about, the over. beat it, and the janissaries goad it with their Red Sea, to India ; including a Residence land passage to India, which he demonstrated silver sticks; it only redoubled its cries, and there, and Voyage home ; in the years 1825, to be perfectly feasible. The plans laid down stretched out its long neck, and opened its 26, 27, and 28. By Mrs. Colonel Elwood. were, to have steam-packets from Alexandria to ugly mouth, and seemed to threaten death and 8vo. 2 vols. London, 1830. Colburn and Cairo, which were to communicate with those destruction all around. The gentlemen, being Bentley.

at Suez by means of the ancient canal, which mostly military men, were brave by profession, Mrs. COLONEL ELWOOD, being the first En, might be easily re-opened, or the seventy in. and were, consequently, not to be daunted by glish lady who has performed the overland tervening miles be passed in few hours by an angry camel ; but alas ! for me, who was a journey to India, or, as it is expressed in this camels, relays of which might be stationed in woman and a coward ! I do not think I ever Narrative, the “outward bound,” and having the desert ; and to prevent all danger of infec- felt more thoroughly frightened in my life, kept a journal of her impressions and adven- tion in case of plague, an albergo, or caravan. than whilst in the vicinity of this frightful tures—the wishes of several friends have, as is sera, was to be built outside the city, walls, creature, which, however, I eventually passed not uncommon, induced her to publish. We which was to have no communication with the in safety. have, accordingly, two pleasant, chatting vo- interior."

“ I am inclined to think, that all that we are lumes, just such as an intelligent and “in Of the Turks, Mrs. E. speaks very favour. told of the imprisonment of the seraglio is a quiring” lady (see our review of Shakespeare's ably. Thus, riding through the streets of Cairo, great mistake. I suspect the Turkish ladies Fifth of November) might be expected to pro- she relates :

are under no greater restraint than princesses duce. Many matters, to be sure, appeared to “ Our procession was most curious. First and ladies of rank in our country, and the be of consequence to her, which a male travel- of all rode two janissaries, heavily armed; homage that is paid them seems infinitely ler would have galloped over unnoticed; but then followed in file, it being scarcely possible greater. The seclusion of the haram appears then, we are not bored with pedantry and phi- for two to ride abreast, the general and his to be no more than the natural wish of an losophy, nor is a touch of nursling science in- aide-de-camp, C, Mr. Maltass, Osman Ef. adoring husband to guard his beloved from truded upon us throughout the whole peregri- fendi, and myself--all upon donkeys, which even the knowledge of the ills and woes that nation. For this relief we are inclined to say, went scuffling through the streets at a prodi- mortal man betide. Whilst he himself dares

much thanks;" and be the more placable gious rate. Each of the party was attended by danger in every form, he wishes to protect with the little unimportant affairs which occa- a dirty, half-naked Arab driver, besides other his lady-bird'the light of his haram,' from sionally occupy our fair countrywoman's pen attendants. The Turks laid down their pipes all trouble and anxiety. He would fain make and our precious time, remembering that dur- as wę passed, and I distinctly heard the cry of her life 'a fairy tale;' he would not even let ing so long a transit she had more leisure to Frankistan' as we trotted by. We rode the winds of Heaven visit her face too rough. write than we have to read.

through streets so narrow, that a person in the ly;' and as we carefully enshrine a valuable By a dedication, we observe that Mrs. El centre might easily have touched the opposite gem, or protect a sacred relic from the profane wood is the daughter of Mr. Curteis, M.P. for houses at the same moment; and we passed gaze of the multitude, so does he, on the same Sussex, and sister of Mrs. Elphinstone, to long files of loaded camels tied together, guided principle, hide from vulgar ken his best, his whom her letters were originally addressed ; by one man. We saw Turks on donkeys, and choicest treasure his ain kind dearie.' The and we farther gather, that she travelled with Mamelukes on horseback, 'pride in their port, Turks, in their gallantry, consider the person her husband, who is called by the familiar defiance in their eye,' riding down every one of a woman sacred ; and the place of her rename, we beg pardon, the familiar letter C-, before them, purposely and offensively sticking treat, her haram, is always respected. Nay, in his good lady's despatches. So much being out their tremendous shovel-shaped stirrups: there have even been instances where persons premised, behold us start from Windmill Hill, one chieftain, in particular, seemed to wish to have fled for protection to their enemy's seraglio, Sussex, for Bombay, by Paris, Fontainebleau, evince in what utter contempt he held the and been thereby saved ; so that I found, that and Dijon-by Mount Cenis—by Turin by Franks; but when he saw a female among the in Egypt I was likely to be the guardian of the Genoa, Lucca, and Pisaby Florence, Rome, party, it is impossible to describe the change party, and that in my utter helplessness I Naples, Sicily, and Malta ; and lo! we arrive that instantaneously took place in his whole might possibly be a panoply from danger to my at Alexandria, having met with nothing all demeanour: the proud and contemptuous air protectors themselves. In fact, Mr. Salt serithe way that has not been met with by our with which he surveyed the gentlemen, was to ously recommended that I should always carry precursors. At Alexandria, the party were me altered to one of the most perfect courtesy all our most valuable papers and money about hospitably entertained by Mr. Salt; and Mrs. and civility; and the most polished Frenchman me for safety." Elwood states that his collection of Egyptian could not have reined in his steed with more It would be a droll change, upon any invasion curiosities, having been rejected by our econo- grace, or have expressed more gentlemanly re- of Turkey, to have a female army, or at least a mical government, have passed into the hands gret at my being annoyed and alarmed by my commander-in-chief, a beautiful staff, and a of the French, at the price of ten thousand donkey accidentally running against his horse. few regiments. Instead of a bloody war, pounds. We hope we may yet say this news Though it was evident he held the Christians rr 'Twould be merry in the hall, wants confirmation, and that neither the refu. in abhorrence, he saw that I was a woman,

And beards wag all;" sal, on the one hand, nor the foreign disposi- and he treated me with deference and respect. and, as Mr. Murray of our good Theatre. tion, on the other, has been final. We know Indeed, I must say for the Turks, in general, Royal, Edinburgh, sings so admirably, that at Mr. Salt's death the business was still whatever their other faults may be, that their under consideration. manners towards our sex as far exceed those of

“ They would never see the like again." As we have gone so rapidly through Europe, our countrymen in courtesy as their graceful Dress, however, in Turkish, as in European we are not anxious to tarry long on the Afri- costume surpasses that of the Franks in mag- impressions, is of considerable importance, as can shore; and shall, therefore, refrain from nificence and grandeur. Then we saw women Mrs. E. had occasion to witness in their threading Cleopatra's needle, partaking of a mounted on camels, riding on immense sad- transmutations afterwards, when, sailing with pic-nic, or a climb at the Pyramids, or even dles, towering aloft in the air, and shrouded in a cargo of pilgrims towards Mecca, she came to sailing on the Nile to Thebes, and re-examining their black cloaks, looking really very tremend- anchor in the bay of Arabok or Rabogh. the remains of curious and magnificent anti. ous and awful. In a narrow, a very narrow, “ Upon this spot the first rites of the Maho. quity there. Here Mrs. E. met Mr. Gal. | street, & vicious camel, at the head of a long metan badje commence. All the passengers,

and we among the rest, hurried instantly on her novel situation exceedingly; and at the, was so crowded that there literally was not shore; and as there could not have been fewer end says :

room for the hadjes to lie down at full length. than two thousand persons assembled, the “ We found ourselves upon a barren and There were complexions of every bue, and scene of confusion that ensued is almost in- extensive plain, covered with tents and cara- features of every description on board :-the conceivable, and quite indescribable. Some vans, outside the walls of Cosseir, at which handsome turbaned Turk—the finely featured fell to pitching tents and temporary awnings, place we had safely arrived, having completed Greek renegado-the wild and intelligent-look. others to kindling fires in small holes upon the our journey from Kenné to the Red Sea in six ing Bedouin of the desert the swarthy Arab sand, whilst a band of Bedouin Arabs came days and nights. We had performed it with the coal black, woolly-headed, flat-countenanced down with provisions from the neighbouring the utmost ease, and with much gratification Negro-the savage-looking Moor-the slightlyvillage of Arabok or Rabogh, which appeared to ourselves. We had fortunately met with formed, dusky-complexioned Hindoo and our to be about four or five miles distant, and neither the robber nor the Samiel of the desert; European selves. There were also several where some date-trees were visible. They of. but in their stead with courteous Arabs and Nubian women and girls, who having been fered for sale, mutton cut up in small pieces of delightful north winds, which had pleasantly taken prisoners by Mahomet Ali's soldiers, a quarter of a pound each, wood, water, &c. all attempered the heat of the atmosphere. The were now sent for sale to the Djidda slavetied up in sheep-skins. The evening was damp trifling disasters and contretems we had en market : their price was about two dollars and chilly, when in about half an hour after countered, had been but so many adventures, a-head. Naked from the waist upwards, they their landing, the pilgrims began to perform attended with a little temporary annoyance were much ornamented with glass beads; the first rite of the hadje, termed jaharmo. and inconvenience it is true, but likewise af- their figures were finely formed; their head. Stripping off their warm and gay-coloured fording a great deal of amusement; indeed I dress and features much resembled those in robes and turbans, which were carefully tied have often looked back with pleasure to my the kings' tombs at Thebes ; they were more up in bundles by their attendants, they plunged campaign in the desert; and, when tired of than ordinarily good-looking, and their whole into the sea, where, after bathing and praying, the unfeelingness, selfishness, and barbarity of appearance was pleasing and agreeable. They or rather reciting certain forms of prayer, they pseudo-civilised society, frequently have I felt seemed perfectly happy, and amused themselves invested themselves in the ihram, which is a disposed to exclaim

with playing with their infants and if, par long piece of cloth loosely wrapt round their • Fly to the desert, oh, fly with me !"" hasard, our cabin-door were left open-with waists, such as is worn by the commonest At Cosseir a remarkable natural phenomenon watching my movements, apparently with much Arabs. Some few threw an additional and is described. The residence was a stone's throw curiosity and interest. Their fare consisted similar piece over their shoulders, like a lady's from the sea, and she remarks

entirely of dry biscuit, which, indeed, appeared lace-scarf. This rite is said to have been in. “ Conceive my astonishment and surprise, to be the only food used on board ; but we frestituted by Mahomet to inculcate humility in upon repairing thither, on first entering, to quently sent them things from our stores, for his followers; but the sudden transition from gaze upon the exquisite beauty of the waves, which they always seemed most grateful. the warm woollen garments of the Turk to the and to watch the sun which was just emerging Among them, C- one day observed an thin cotton ihram must be very trying to the from the bosom of the water, to see the latter, African copying a manuscript, in a small neat constitution; and the more we saw of the pri- instead of rising in its usual circular form, as- hand, which he wrote from right to left with vations undergone by the pilgrims, the more sume that of a pillar of fire! I positively great quickness and facility, apparently undis. were we convinced that the hadje is no light doubted the evidence of my senses, and I should turbed by the confusion and Babel of languages affair, and that considerable enthusiasm and scarcely hope to be believed, but that I find the with which he was surrounded. Some of the resolution must be necessary to enable them to ancients, and Agatharchides in particular, have hadjes put up a little temporary awning upon support the hardships incident to the under- mentioned the same phenomenon upon these deck to protect themselves from the sun; taking.

coasts, where they observed · the sun rose like others lay down upon their luggage ; but the “ The metamorphosis which took place in a pillar of fire.' 'Lord Valentia also noticed privations and hardships necessarily undergone the appearance of the passengers, in conse. a similar appearance at Mocha, where he saw in the pilgrimage to Mecca are really surprising. quence of the assumption of the ihram, was it set in like manner. We subsequently fre- In a cabin in front of ours was a Turk, who, most amusing, and even ridiculous. He who quently saw it assume an elongated, but never to judge from the respect paid to him, and the Jeft the ship a well-dressed, majestic, and again so completely columnar a figure. We number of his attendants, must have been a handsome-looking man, came back the bald, could but think of the pillar of fire, which for man of considerable consequence in his own shivering, shaking hadje; and, stripped of his forty years gave light to the Israelites in the country: His manners were polished and dig. Turkish trappings, which certainly are most wilderness. The colour of the Red Sea here nified: he passed his time in reposing on his imposing and becoming, many a dignified and was of the most exquisite blue imaginable, far carpet and smoking his pipe; and though his magnificent-looking personage was transformed, exceeding in beanty the boasted hue of the suite occasionally betrayed their curiosity by as by a magic spell, into a common-place, Mediterranean. The breakers had a peculiarly furtively taking a peep at me, he never looked mean, insignificant-looking figure, seeming as vivid and lively whiteness, which by contrast into our cabin, but behared with the utmost if half ashamed of his appearance, and not added greatly to the brilliancy of the azure politeness. Indeed, I think the manners of knowing what to make of himself when di- main ; but though I could have gazed for the superior Turks I have occasionally met vested of his flowing robes. After bathing, the hours, it was too dazzling to permit me to do with, are more truly gentlemanly, and frehadjes fell piously to scratching up the sand so with impunity."

quently preferable to those of the generality of like so many dogs, and forming it into little When we add to this description and refe- Europeans. There is a grandeur and almost heaps, sometimes to the number of a hundred. rence to “Agatharchides in particular" that the majesty about them, that induces one to think To judge from the disturbed state of the sur. house was of the form of a “trapezium,” we they are of a high caste ; and, at the same face of the sand in consequence, the pilgrims are afraid we must qualify our exordíum a time, they always behave with the utmost must have been either great sinners or great trifle, and allow that there is a smack of learn- civility and courtesy.” saints. Little do our English children think, ing and blue-ism here and there. At Yambo Having landed at the port of Hodeida, our when they are making what they term dirt Mrs. E. alludes to similar phenomena. countrywoman had an opportunity of visiting pies,' that they are literally only performing “ The effects of refraction upon the sun's an Arab haram ; and as her account of the one of the initiatory rites of the Mahometan appearance upon this coast were really very ladies is the most amusing thing in the book hadje. The women, retiring to some little surprising and amusing. This evening it as- (Vol. I.), we shall conclude with extracting it. distance, apparently went through the same sumed the shape of a mushroom as it sank in “In 0-'s absence I always remained in ceremonies, as we saw them plunging into the the west! In fact, we scarcely ever saw it my own room ; but one evening, as I went sea, whilst their friends kept guard over them, set in a regularly circular form."

upon my terrace to enjoy the fresh sea-breeze and waved to intruders to keep at a distance." The voyage on the Red Sea seems altogether which was just setting in, a casement which I

But we must turn back to Kenné, whence to have been the most interesting portion of the had never before observed slowly opened, and a our fair traveller set out in the country litter, " outward bound,” and must indeed have pre- black hand appeared waving significantly at called a takhtroian, and borne by two camels, sented many strange exhibitions for an En. me. Impressed with some degree of fear, I one in front and one in the rear, like Irish glish lady to see_very different from the pas. chairmen, to cross the desert of the Thebaid to toral and simple scenes of Windmill Hill, Sus. which we fancied was beef, till one day, on casual in

* At this place we are told - We had very good meat, Cosseir, a passage of about a hundred and sex. For example, in the Arab dow, from quiry, we discovered it was camel's tlesh which we were at twenty miles ; and which she accomplished in Cosseir for Djidda

the moment very composedly eating! Immediately after

wards a boy broughi in some young hyenas for sale, six nightly marches, resting during the heat of “ Considering (she relates) the immense which we took up into our arms as if they were kittens, day, and going at the rate of from 24 to 2 number of persons in our crazy-looking vessel, deida, we can safely say we had camels for dinner, and

Thus, at Hom miles an hour. Mrs. E. seems to have enjoyed the silence was astonishing, though the deck | hyænas for dessert.

immediately retreated, but on looking again, aware of his so doing. I was now received in tified with their friendly and artless attempts the waving was repeated ; and several women state in the interior apartments, and all the to please me. Indeed, I Aatter myself I made peeping out, beckoned me to them, making ladies were much more splendidly dressed than a conquest, for a great boy of twelve or foursigns that the men were all out of the way. on the preceding evening. Zaccara had on teen took such a fancy to me, that he volun. Whilst I was hesitating, a negro woman and a handsome striped silk drawers, and a silk vest teered to accompany me to Hindy' in the boy came out upon another terrace, and vehe- descending to her feet, richly trimmed with mercab,' or ship, and he really appeared mently importuned me by signs to go to them. silver lace. All their hands and feet were anxious for me to accept of his services. What I had just been reading Lady Mary Wortley dyed with henna, and they were much sur. should you have thought of my Arab page ? Montague's description of a Turkish haram-prised to see mine of their natural colour. The women in Arabia are, apparently, allowed an opportunity might never again occur of The furniture consisted principally of couches more liberty than in Egypt, for they seemed to visiting an Arab one. After some conflict be- ranged round the room, upon which they in- be permitted to walk out together whenever tween my fears and my curiosity, the latter vited me to sit cross-legged, after their own they pleased ; and once, as we were setting conquered, and down I went, the boy meeting mode, and seemed astonished at my preferring out for, and they were returning from, a prome at the foot of the stairs, and lifting up a our European style. On the walls was a sen- menade, we met in the court. They were so heavy curtain, he introduced me into a small tence of the Koran framed and glazed, and in carefully veiled, that I had some ditliculty to interior court, at the door of which were a a recess was an illuminated Koran, which they recognise my friends of the haram again; but number of women's slippers, and inside were shewed me. An interesting-looking yonng wo- they affectionately seized my hand, and caressabout a dozen females clothed in silk trousers, man, seated in a low chair, was employed in ingly invited me to return with them to their vests closely fitting the figure, and fastening in making silver lace, the process of which she apartments. All the gentlemen were with me; front, and turbans very tastefully put on. explained to me, as also its use to trim vests and I cannot help thinking that the Arab ladies They received me with the utmost cordiality and turbans. My costume underwent the same prolonged their interview purposely, in order and delight, the principal lady, Zaccara, as 1 minute investigation as on the yesterday, and to have a better view of the Fringee cowasjees, found she was called, making me sit down by as at this time I had on no cap, they were my companions." her side, caressingly taking my hand, present- much struck with the manner in which my We have now gone over as much of the outing me with a nosegay, and, after previously hair was dressed, and my shoes and stockings ward bound as the occasion seems to require; tasting it, offering me coffee, which was brought created universal astonishment. Refreshments and we have only to notice that Sir Hudson on a silver tray, in the usual beautiful little were brought, but every thir.g was carefully Lowe was frequently the companion of our china cups. It was, however, so perfumed tasted before it was offered to me - I suppose travellers, being alsó travelling overland to that I could scarcely drink it. She did the to shew no treachery was intended, -and I was India ; and that they reached "Bombay to a honours, and appeared as superior to the others again interrogated as to my ornaments, chil. miracle of accuracy, through the perils, real or in manners and address, as an English lady dren, &c. They told me all their names, and imaginary, of a navigation so scientific, that would be to her maid-servants. Her figure endeavoured, but in vain, to accomplish mine. when at a loss, the skipper used to put two was light and slender, her features pretty and Suddenly there was a shriek of joy, laughing com sses together to help one another! delicate, her countenance lively and intelligent, and clapping of hands. They drew me quickly whilst her manners, which were peculiarly soft to the window, from whence I saw C-walk- The Fifth of November ; or, the Gunpowder and pleasing, were at the same time both affec-ing in the streets, with one of his servants hold

Plot. An Historical Play, supposed to be tionate and sprightly. The other women ing an umbrella over his head, surrounded by

written by William Shakspeare. 8vo. pp. 114. crowded round me with great empressement ; an immense concourse of people ; and very by signs we kept up a very animated conversa- foreigu he certainly did look in the streets of

London, 1830, Baldwin and Cradock ; Car. tion, and when we could not quite comprehend Hodeida, with his English dress and hat; “ SUPPOSED" only, to be written by Shake

penter. each other's meaning, we all laughed heartily. The delight of my fair, or rather of my dusky They asked me where I came from, whether I friends, was beyond description; but it was speare-as if there could be a doubt of it! The had many ornaments, any children, &c. exhi. redoubled when they found it was my cowasjee. advertisement after the title-page most truly biting theirs with great glee. They were the master of the house then came in : he states that it is “ supposed to have been writ. amazingly struck with my costume, which they treated me with the greatest deference and ten between his retirement into the country examined so minutely, that I began to think Í respect, and, bringing me a little baby with and his death in 1616, and about ten years should have had to undress to satisfy their gold rings in its nose and ears, with all a after the discovery of the Gunpowder Plot;" curiosity: but what most amused them, was father's pride he informed me it was his, and adding, " the reasons of it not being published the circumstance of my gown fastening behind, that Zaccara was its mother. He also asked in his life-time are sufficiently obvious.” Nowhich mystery they examined over and over me about my children and my ornaments, the thing can be more feasible. The Plot (an exagain; and some broad French tucks at the two things always apparently foremost in an cellent plot) was in 1605, and the author died bottom seemed much to astonish them, as they oriental imagination. My wedding-ring catch- in 1616; and he therefore must have written could not discover their use. They asked me ing the eyes of the women, I made them partly the play within ten years after the discovery of the names of every thing I had on, and when, understand its signification, but they evidently the treason, and also, without question, before to please them, I took off my cap, and let down seemed to consider it as a charm. Zaccara his own death. Thus time and place adhering, my long hair, Zaccara, following my example, then taking my hand with a very caressing and their fitness fitting, we have only to look immediately took off her turban, and shewed me air, invited me to accompany ber, and she to the drama itself for that complete internal hers ; the negro woman, who seemed the wit of shewed me all over the house. It was com- evidence which must carry conviction home to the party, in the mean time holding up the lace pletely upstairs, downstairs, in my lady's every understanding: cap upon her broad, fat hand, and exhibiting it chamber,' and I saw a number of small rooms,

Not only every line, but every word, syl. to all around, apparently with great admiration, with loopholes and windows in every direc-lable, and letter, will be found to breathe of exclaiming 'caap, caap,' and also endeavouring, tion, where they could see without being seen. Shakespeare; if not exactly as he is handed much to their detriment, to put on my gloves, They pointed out to me our ship, the ba- down to us by his other immortal works, at with which they were particularly amused. I zar, the mosque, from whence the dowlah was any rate in a perfectly new and original man. sat with them some time, and it was with diffi- just returning in grand procession ; and they ner.

We had better turn over the pages; culty they consented to allow me to leave them then exhibited to me all their ornaments and there is not one without its beauties. at last - indeed, not till I had made them un- trinkets. In return, I shewed them such as I

p. 1. “ Methinks the paths of glory are unclogg'd," derstand my cowasjee' wanted me. Cowas- had about me. My friend the negro woman, says Percy, the conspirator ;jee's claims they seemed to understand com- poor black Zacchina, as she was called, was the

“ Avenging hate pletely, and, on my rejoining the gentlemen, if only one who ventured to smell to my salts, Our prostrate altars, persecuted faith, I were amused with their description of the and this she did with so much eagerness, that

Firm my fierce purposings."—p. 2. tournament, you may conceive how astonished the tears were forced into her eyes in conse. It ought to be remarked, that our friend they were to learn that I had been actually quence, to the great amusement of her compa- Shakespeare in his retirement and towards the visiting the haram ! On the following morn- nions. We parted with mutual expressions of close of his life, was not very particular about ing I received an invitation, in form, to repeat regard ; and though I had met with neither grammar ; but by the force of genius makes my visit, and I was conducted up a very hand- the beauty of Fatima, nor the luxury of a the same word serve as verb, or noun, or any some collegiate-looking staircase, near which Turkish haram, yet I was well pleased with other part of speech, just as he pleases. So was stationed the master of the house, appa- the simplicity, mirth, and happiness, that appa: to firm,” though a verb in the above quotarently at his devotions, but evidently intending rently reigned in the Arab one; and I should tion (and frequently afterwards), does duty as to have a furtive peep at me, without my being have been churlish indeed had I not been gra- an adjective twelve lines below:

“ Shall honour firm, and meek humanity,

" Thunder of primeval hell!

obscure, than Burke's ; for, “ the age of chi. Propel him to his doom?"-p. 2.

Burst thy deep imprison'd spell,
And roll a tyrant's funeral knell."

valry is gone," is a poor conceit, when com. That doom is to be blown up with the king, the council,

What a fine instrumental accompaniment pared with the curiously-wrought imagery of “ Th' imperial crown, the sceptre, and the dove, might be given to this lovely burst of feeling! the supposed Bard of Stratford. When conti. so lovely that we are astonished at its inter- seemed its own safeguard, and the guirding

nence was blazoned high, woman's hononr The cross, and orb, and mitre; star of merit, Garter of honour, cushion'd coronal,

ruption by Catesby, who steps in, saying, The velvet ermin'd; lawn pontifical ;

(no mistake, for our author employs the an. Th' emblazoned pomp of antique heraldry; “ Cease these unmeaning strains, and let our hate

cient word over again) band of the champion,

Be silent as the brooding time of vengeance!!!"
All the enrolled records of the realm;
The seal of sov'reignty, the stamp of law."

The party breaks up, and Fawkes and Lit- and swords left their continents (somewhere?), Upon which inventory Catesby exclaims tleton (a sort of fop) thus conclude the scene

things were sublimely managed ; but, alas! " Even let them mount and claim their kindred stars." Littleton. Adieu ! molecular man; when wilt thou the change_knights' plumes were made

of a

material (virgin shame) which would defy the Why kindred, we cannot tell : the “ star of worm thy way to the infernal regions ?

Fawkes. When thou fliest on those moth wings to best art of the best plumassier in our later merit might claim a relationship; not so heaven.

times. garters and lawn!! But the sun is worse Lit. That's a flight above thee, son of Erebus; thou

We think we have noticed—for our imagibe-epitheted than the stars (though they are angur and bore of iniquity, the devil surely taught thee the art of sinking:

nation is so carried off with this piece, that our said to be “ misted"); for in the course of the Fawkes. By which I make others rise, most ineffable! play he is " suffused" under “ tenfold muf. Lit. Adieu! Want, earth-worm, subterranean man, memory is uncertain

we have, we think, no. adieu! diving iniquity, adieu !

ticed that Catesby was a rigʻlar-built Ercles in Aings," “ unfettered,” “ burnished," "dan.

Fawkes. Mounting vanity, civet-cat, moth, essence his conversation.' We should like to illustrate. cing, “pageant,” and “purpled,” together box, fan-tail popinjay, last feather of a moulting magpie. with other feats and aspects altogether unknown worms dinners, infemal machine, farewell! battering

Lit. Gimlet, most penetrative mud-lark, disturber of -Soliloquy

“ Hark! ruin's knell has tolld-it is the signalto our darker era. We must acknowledge, ram, Tartarean man, adieu !

Now fire the train. 'Tis done- I see the flash! however, that he is not “paled,” that favourite

[Erit Littleton-manet Fawkes."

And now I hear the thunder! Ha! ha! ha! phrase being applied to every thing else, ani. Which“ manet Fawkes” is a piece of waggery, They gambol in the chambers of the sky,

Death, and the grim combustion, dainty fiends. mate or inanimate, to woman, to flower, to as the scene immediately changes to White

I see the royal diadem aloft, purpose, to plumes, &c. &c. &c. -all are hall; and if he remained there then, he must Glancing meteorous through the murky air; have stayed there till now.

Sceptres and mitres throng the lurid heav'n: paľ!!

See how they mount, and jostle one another, The entry of the nurse is finely prefaced by At Whitehall we have two royal scenes, in Toys and state-puppets, dignities and thrones, a line from Julia (the Juliet of the Fifth of which King James (the “ Scottish Solomon,” Nobles and priests, and coronals and kings;

Columns and towers, and massy tablatures! November) — who was no fool, though called by that name)

And now they fall! Red ruin's smould'ring shower “ Discovery sits affrighted on her brow;” gives deputations of the Puritans and Catho Shakes the firm earth, and breaks the crystal bosom

of the still Thames, whose upheaved billowings and well it may; for she screams lics very dictatorial receptions. To the former

Dash wide their fretted foam! Exulting Death he declaims “ Here's a combustion I take it, lady, take it;"

Rides on the night; and contemplative vengeance

" Yet grieve I more and gives her mistress a trilling mem. of the

Drinks deep the groans which murmur in the blast.“ That ye would strain our

free prerogative, worthy Catesby's, descriptive of the pleasure Curtail our privilege, and fain disbranch

Poetry can afford no superior passage: none

The sacred honours of our sovereignty; anticipated from the explosion, as before de

but himself can be his parallel. Some fellows

And make us but a log and scaffold king, scribed. Our next quotation consists of the

Upon whose backs yourselves may climb to power.

escape to his adversaries, and he raps out :speech of Lady Habington, who is also in the

“ Arm, arm, my friends! the ebbing glass of time Ye have my answer, gentlemen. Now go,

Pours drops of price: these flying grooms may strex secret, and whom her husband accuses of being,

Lard your lean ruffs with drops of discontent ;

The seeds of deep battalion'd ranks around. like all her sex, inquiring and trustless. Or come again some seven years hence, and then, Pursue-seize-slay. Quick, force some ready outlet;

Should I be pursy, fat, fantastical, This taunt is too much for the Roman (Ca

Pierce through the roof; or instant batter down I chance may grant to ye a Presbytery;

These feeble barriers. Bid our muster'd troops tholic) matron to bear, and she replies (sola) - 'Twill physic me, and wear me to the bone.

Surround the ruins of the monastery “ Women are fond, and are confiding too.

[Errunt the Deputation of Puritans, bocoing, and Black fate hangs hovering on the march of morn.

placing their hands on their breasts. Archie Whilst we possess the ears of youthful priests,

" Comrades form
Armstrong mimics them, by transforming his cap
And we confess to them, and they to us
Their secret souls, without a husband's aid

into a Geneva hat, fc. &c."

A close compacted fronting of retreat."* I might have ravell'd all this mighty clew.

By the by, Archie, or the other favourite, Oh, splendid Shakespeare! “ Supposed ?". Women, prevent us as ye can, may still Know what we wish, and practise what we will;"

Carr, jokes the king about his “ Counter- Granted! Yet, only fancy the prescient bard, which we take to be a little libellous both upon after our friend Shakespeare died ;" so that, characters to say—“ Master Percy, we shall be

,” which did not appear (we opine) till in 1616, putting into the mouth of one of his the priests, the practice of confession, and the in this single instance, the poet must have in the minority: let us resign before we are fair sex. But

been a prophet too. And the jests of the kicked out.” Pray remember

said Archie and Carr are altogether perfect of Yet, lest this, and some pointed allusions to The Fifth of November,

their kind: for instance, the king “ weeps" at the Catholic claims of last session of parlia. when

the idea of being blown up, and asks if it could ment, might induce our readers to suspect the Guy Fawkes with his companions did conspire be possible; when Carr answers :

authenticity of this play, we shall abstain from To blow up the Parliament with gun-pow.der ;

“Yes, dad; and the Lord Chancellor riding on his farther quotation, and leave them in the cer. and what would the sport be without Guy in woolsack; and Garter King at Arms, emblazoned ; and tainty we have endeavoured to inspire. They propria persona? Our Shakespeare represents gledy-piggledy, head over heels, all in the air at once!

all the bishops and maids of honour, topsy-turvy, hig- may depend upon it, that him as admirably tutored to his task by pre

[Archie Armstrong runs ut, imitating the action

The Gunpowder Plot vious practice : the following is part of a tête-à

of flying:

Will not be forgot,
K. James. What's the fool about?
tête between his worship and Winter :-

So long as Edinborough Castlo
Arch. Arm. Learning to fly, Nunky; it is now a neces.

Stands on a rock; “ Winter. You seem rather squeamish and nervous.

sary accomplishment for us courtiers." Fawkes. Very: I was obliged to take a double dose

and that this immortality is entirely owing to when I blew up my wife and a bastion together.

In our days kings fly, and courtiers are wise the unequalled picture of it drawn in this su. Winter. By mistake?

enough to stay in their snuggeries ! Fawkes. Yes, a puritanical one-on purpose. She had

perlative drama. Old Sheridan, we have been an assignation with a Spanish don; I knew the place of

It might be tedious to go over the minute told, used to read all the dad plays and appointment, and blew up her and her spark together: it splendours of this so happily recovered produc

• Elsewhere, he talks of Winter. That, to be sure, was only a countermine, Mas- tion; yet we cannot tear ourselves from a few ter Guy. So you peppered your gay young spark? more treats. The principal spouter in the

" The man who stands in danger's giant grasp, Fawkes. No; I powdered him. Ercles' vein is Catesby; but the lady heroines

And treads the coming earthquake;" Winter. And your wife?

if need be, like sucking doves-wit. “Despair," who

and of the embattled sons of Peace"-(query'); and of Fawkes. It was the last blow up we ever had."

ness one Olivia :The sparkling wit and brilliant humour which

“ Waves his red pennons in the face of doom ;

Chivalry, dazzles us in these coruscations are never to

Anu wings of prey are flick'ring round about, Thy flower is fallen! for there was a time

Scenting the coming carnage." he sufficiently panegyrised; but we cannot stop

When truth and continence were blazon'd high This last flourish follows a still finer flourish of the king

Upon the knightly scutcheon; woman's honour to point out the exquisite passages : they must Seem'd its own safeguard, and to be the test,

himself, who says: strike every reader. In the next scene, where The guirting band, and sacramental heed

"On, my friends :

Bring up your rank'd artillery ; let it burst;

of the glaived champion. Yes, there was a time all the conspirators meet, they with infinite

When swords would lightly lenve their continents

And pile me of these stones a monument, propriety get a song, or something of the sort, To 'venge a maiden's wrongs; but yirgin shame

To shame the cenotaphs of ancient Nile." from the Jesuit Garnet, and a company of

Ir now the knightly płumo."

Whereupon a courtier, Lord Suffolk, strangely enough priests join in the chorus, thus imm, Thig, denunciation is more awful, being more

mistaking Egypt for England, exclaims :

» There spoke the spirit of an English king"!!

can roar,

rejected MSS., on the ground that the worst of these' we shall always find subjects of serious An essay on Generosity and Extravagance them had always something worthy of notice. meditation to keep mirth within bounds, and takes perhaps too severe a view of the case of Had this Shakspearian effusion been resusci- motives for cheerfulness sufficient to counteract debtors, not distinguishing between those made tated in his time, how he must have gloated the influence of melancholy, and check immo- by misfortune or unavoidable circumstances, over every sentence! Let us congratulate derate grief."

and those degraded by profligacy and dishonest ourselves that the happiness has been ours; And on Affectation, the following displays principles; but there can be no question of the and consign a like enjoyment to the public, by an equal knowledge of life and of human cha- golden and invaluable rule and advice with referring them or it (for the plural public is racter :

which it concludes. also singular) to The Fifth of November! “Among the many vices and follies to which “Let every young man (says the writer, in

human nature is prone, there is not one that words which ought to be engraven on every Essays on interesting and useful Subjects ; with shews its imperfection and inconsistency in so young heart, whether of man or woman) - let

a few introductory Remarks on English Com- glaring a light as that of affectation. If men every young man, who wishes to preserve his position: designed to assist Youth in the only affected such qualities as they might rea- conscience pure and his principles untainted, Style and Arrangement of Themes. By E sonably be desirous of possessing, this failing avoid debt as he would a pestilence; it is as Jobnson. 12mo. pp. 247. London, 1830. might not be without its use: the habit of difficult to shake off, as faial in its effects, as Rivingtons.

assuming an appearance of virtue and good widely devastating in its mischief. Let him WERE not the name of Essays unpopular in sense, would, perhaps, lead to the possession of remember, that every evil is small in its begin. our day, as predicating something dry-and them, or at least engender a certain degree of ning; and let him be careful not to encourage were not the terms “interesting” and “ useful” respect for all that is worthy and estimable; the seeds of mischief, lest to root out the full. rather repulsive to the vast mass of readers, and many people would doubtless discover this grown plant be beyond his strength.” who are all agog for the light and entertaining, very useful fact, that the attainment of excel. We differ from Mr. Johnson in some of his

- we would venture to speak very highly of lence is easier than the affectation of it, which opinions on the Pleasures and Dangers of Imathis excellent and unassuming volume. And can seldom be practised with complete success. gination ; but still his deductions are good, and even as it is, we must, in justice, say a few But, unfortunately, few take the pains to affect worthy of the consideration of the female world. words in its favour; for we have been much those endowments which, if really possessed, To them we leave this essay, for the sake of pleased by its perusal. There are above thirty would do them credit. It is to the most quoting a clever allegory on Patriotism. short papers upon various subjects, and not one childish, the most contemptible habits, that “ Genuine patriotism is one of the noblest, of them which does not possess interest and affectation commonly leads; and many a per- because it is the most disinterested of affections. utility. The author thinks,—a quality rare in son assumes imperfections and weaknesses that The love of our kindred is implanted by nature modern writers ; and placing his thoughts be- are far from belonging to his character, and in our bosoms, and kept alive there by the in. fore us in a neat, concise, and familiar way, we which, if he thought seriously on the subject, Auence of duty and of habit ; and from it spring are made to feel that they are well calculated he would hasten to disclaim. To be free from such a reciprocity of pleasures and advantages, to impress themselves upon the understanding, all pretence, and to maintain, as it is usually that a man will usually cultivate it for its own and particularly upon the minds of the young termed, a natural character, is considered with sake. But the love of our country, though it and intelligent. To this numerous body, there. approval in either sex ; and one would there- be also a natural and habitual affection, less fore, we cordially recommend Mr. Johnson's fore suppose, that a commendation so easily closely involves our selfish comforts and gratifi. production ; and, to shew that it deserves our deserved would be very generally laid claim to, cations : the interest of each individual and eulogy, beg leave to quote a few of its miscella- and that perfect simplicity, that is, the absence that of the public are no doubt intimately conneous passages. In an essay on Immoderate of all affectation, must become too universal for nected ; yet men, in general, may go quietly Grief we find these just remarks :

remark. Yet we do not find it so: we see and carelessly through the world, quite indiffer. “ Some people have been weak enough to people make a great effort to appear easy and ent to every thing beyond their own little circle harbour their griefs, or, at the least, to keep natural; but effort only leads them farther from of cares and interests, perfectly exempt from up an appearance of sorrow, in order to impress nature, and even simplicity must be the effect of national partiality, or overweening anxiety for others with a belief that they are distinguished habit. We often hear a man of good education the public good. Even in the most turbulent by unusual tenderness of heart: but, in the say coarse, blunt things; or a woman who can times, the majority have little else to do than first place, it may be observed, that they are speak rationally, chatter the most puerile non- to be quiet; but how many virtues, how many entirely mistaken who suppose selfish sorrow sense, in order to pass for a natural character ; duties (and those not always the easiest of perto be an indication of fine feeling ; and, se- forgetting that the propensities natural to one formance), are often comprised in that little condly, they deceive themselves greatly as to mind are foreign to another ; and debasing the phrase, to be quiet! Let it not be supposed the importance attached to any of their pro- nobler nature, to affect that which is mean and that those who are loaded with the cares of ceedings by the rest of the world. All are too insipid. It should be remembered that, by long government, who toil in the senate, command much occupied by their own pursuits of plea- habit, that which was at first assumed becomes fleets or armies, or otherwise figure on the stage sure or of business to pay continued attention natural; that the drawl, the swagger, the of public life, are the only true patriots: these, to sorrows which do not come home to them. foolish lisp, or the vulgar idiom, adopted at the indeed, deserve the thanks of their country, in For a certain time the world that is to say, as age of twenty, will be unconquerable at twenty- proportion as their efforts in her service are much of it as composes the society in which an five ; that common sense, however deeply im- constant and disinterested ; but the most obindividual happens to move -- will sympathise planted, will not thrive without cultivation ; scure individual has also his part to perform ; with great good-nature in his afflictions ; but and that he who neglects to use his reason in the poorest has his mite to contribute to the if the sufferer do not soon make an effort to youth, may be pretty sure of becoming a mere general stock of internal peace, probity, and emerge from his griefs, and shake off his de- driveller before his hairs are gray. At the first industry, which form the main support of every pression, he is much more likely to be entirely view it appears totally unaccountable how such government, and are the basis of all national overlooked and forgotten, than to be celebrated a vice as affectation can exist, since we see no happiness and prosperity. Some must be called for his acute sensibility. Such ostentatious sor- inducement that any one can have for render- to the arduous task of conducting the great row is one of the many species of affectation, all ing himself, in any respect, more imperfect than machine which he mass of the people compose ; of which punish themselves, by rendering those nature has already made him. But a moment's but every atom does its part to forward or rewho adopt them contemptible and ridiculous : reflection will shew us, that the main-spring of tard the movement. Submission, content, and few minds, it is to be hoped, are capable of this, as well as of many other errors, is self- activity, in the smaller parts, or lower orders, stooping to such folly. Yec such as encourage love, which, if not carefully checked, engenders give facility to all its operations, and each may grief are not less to blame than those who a constant desire to attract notice, no matter do his part to impede them, by contempt of the assume it, and bring even heavier punishment by what means; an effort to shine, without laws, or neglect of his own particular function on themselves. To renounce cheerfulness is a ceasing ; and a total forgetfulness of a rule or calling. We seldom make sufficient allow. voluntary dereliction of duty, which will inevit. admitting of very few exceptions — that the ance for the heavy and vexatious responsibility ably be visited by decline of the mental and most beautiful objects lose a part of their at- which rests on the higher powers of a state ; bodily powers, and, if too long persisted in, traction by being placed in too strong a light. who are not only answerable for their own, will end in their total decay. A sincere parti- A person with only just sense enough to be and often for the people's errors, but are liable cipation in the joys and griefs of our fellow- quiet, will always make a better figure than he to all the animadversions of an ignorant, miscreatures, of those in particular with whom we who, in his anxiety to obtain applause, suffers judging populace, incapable of appreciating or are most intimately connected, will be found to his efforts to degenerate into affectation, and, even comprehending the motives which actuate be the best antidote to intemperate extremes intolerant of neglect, cannot fail to incur ridi. their rulers, yet ever ready to condemn pieceeither of depression or of levity. Amongst cule.”

meal the measures which they have no means

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