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Journal of Belles Lettres, Arts, Sciences, &c.

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No. 705.

SATURDAY, JULY 24, 1830.


to Spain, there had been a negotiation between between their imperial and catholic majesties. REVIEW OF NEW BOOKS.

the princess and Count Broglio, the French 2. The emperor gives the eldest archduchess in Lord King's Life of Locke. Second edition. ambassador, by the intervention of the late marriage to the infant Don Carlos. 3. The 8vo. London, 1830. Colburn and Bentley. Lady Darlington, for Princess Ann to be second archduchess is given to the infant Don Having received an early copy of this new given in marriage to the French king, and Philip. 4. The Emperor and King of Spain edition of a work which our former estimate that the French court expected it as a thing enter into reciprocal engagements to begin a hailed as one of sterling value, we have great sure ; and for that reason, at the same time war for reconquering the duchy of Burgundy, pleasure in affording a notice to an addendum that the ambassador notified the resolution of Franche Comté, Alsace, and all the French which now enriches it, and to which the public sending the young queen back, he desired of conquests in Flanders and encroachments on will attach considerable importance. It is en the king his grand-daughter for his master, Lorraine, Navarre, Roussillon, Petite Sartitled, “ Notes of Domestic and Foreign Affairs, but that the king absolutely refused it. An- daigne, which are to be divided after the folduring the last years of the reign of George I: other negotiation had lately been on foot in lowing manner : Burgundy, Franche Comté, and the early part of the reign of George II.” relation to the two young princes, Frederick* Alsace, and all that formerly belonged to the The preface thus states the character of these and William.t The princef and his wifell house of Austria, is to be settled upon Don Notes.

were for excluding Prince Frederick from the Carlos, and looked upon as the Austrian patri. “ After the trial of the Earl of Macclesfield, throne of England ; but that after the king monye Lorraine is to be restored to its duke: Sir Peter King, lord chief - justice of the and prince, he should be elector of Hanover, and 'Navarre, Roussillon, and la Petite SarCommon Pleas, was made lord chancellor, and Prince William, king of Great Britain : daigne, to be reunited to the Spanish moand held the seals from 1725 to 1733, during but that the king said it was unjust to do it narchy. 5. The Emperor and King of Spain which period he noted down in short-hand the without Prince Frederick's consent, who was do mutually oblige themselves and posterity, principal subjects which occupied the atten- now of age to judge for himself; and so this never to give an archduchess or infanta in tion of the administration of Sir Robert Wal- matter now stood. "But that Sir Robert Wal. marriage to the house of Bourbon in France. pole. It will be seen, however, that these pole had told the king, that if he did not in 1. Separato article_That in case the present memoranda are very much broken and discon- his life-time bring over Prince Frederick, he King of France should die without issue to tinued after 1730, in consequence, probably, of would never set his foot on English ground; inberit that crown, the infant Don Philip is the declining health of the writer. Abundant so that he did not know whether the king, to be king of France. 2. The Emperor and proof will be found in the following pages of when he returned from Hanover, would not King of Spain do solemnly engage to assist the disproportionate importance attached to bring that prince with him.” The king was the Pretender with their forces, in order to German politics during the reigns of the two then on a journey to Hanover.

the putting him in possession of the throne first princes of the House of Brunswick, who

The following is a very remarkable piece of of Great Britain. 3. Is a reciprocal engagewere more iuterested in the welfare of their political reformation, relating to the treaty be- ment between the Emperor and King of Spain, electorate, and in making some petty addition tween the emperor and Spain; to counterbalance utterly to extirpate the Protestant religion, to their German territories, than in that of which, the aHiance was entered into by Eng- and not to lay down their arms till this design Great Britain, which they neither valued nor land, France, and Russia.

be fully and effectually executed. None of the understood. Many of the questions stirred up “June 20th (1726).- The Duke of Newcastle King of Spain's ministers, besides himself, by the restless activity of the Queen of Spain communicated to me the information given by knew this treaty ; and that it had not been and the projects of the emperor, for establishing, Mr. Keene, the 15th instant, to the duke, of communicated to any person whatsoever, exa great trading company at Ostend, to the de. the discoveries made to Mr. Stanhope in Spain cept the emperor, the King and Queen of Spain, triment of English commerce in the East and by the Duke of Ripperda. After the Duke of and the ministers who signed it. His Catholic West, perplexing as they may have been to Ripperda's disgrace he sheltered himself in majesty was so earnest for the extirpation of the ministers of that day, have now lost the Mr. Stanhope's house, and, whilst there, made the Protestant religion, that in the several interest that formerly belonged to them; but such discoveries to Mr. Stanhope, that he did letters that had passed directly between the as they may serve to explain some parts of not think fit to send in writing, lest they should King of Spain and the emperor upon this subour history, they are printed verbatim from fall into the hands of those who might make an ject, the king proposed, in case of necessity, to the shorthand memoranda. There are some ill use of them, therefore sent Mr. Keene to see the domains of his throne put up grandezas curious anecdotes of George II. and Queen acquaint the Duke of Newcastle with them by to the highest bidder, and dispose of all the emCaroline, and a remarkable proof is afforded word of mouth, that so he might lay them be- ployments for life in the Indies to the best purof their early hatred to their eldest son Fre-fore the king. The account that Mr. Keene chaser, for promoting this scherne; and in one derick, afterwards Prince of Wales, in the gave was, that Mr. Stanhope having pressed of his own letters he makes use of these explan which they had formed for disinberiting the Duke of Ripperda to inform him of the traordinary expressions : Je vendrai th:18 ma him in England. The projeot, however, was schemes that had been projected or agreed to chemise." defeated, by the equally inimical feelings of the by the Emperor and King of Spain, either with at the present period it will be interesting reigning king, George I., towards his own im- regard to the state of Europe in general, or to to readers to have the particulars of an earlier mediate successor, if not by his sense of right his majesty's affairs in particular, the duke be- succession to the crown in the reigning houst, and justice. Wherever Walpole is mentioned, gan with the secret treaty of Vienna, consisting on the demise of George I, we may observe the good sense and discretion of five articles, and three separate ones, the “ W'ednesday, June 14th, 1727. About five which distinguished him among the statesmen substance of which he dictated to Mr. Stan- in the evening I had a letter from Sir R. Walof his own times. He is, indeed, eminently hope, who took them down in writing with his pole, informing me that the king was dead, and distinguished above the statesmen of almost own hand, and are as follows :- Art. 1. Con- desiring me to meet him immediately at the every age, by his love of peace - the first and firms and ratifies all preceding treaties made Duke of Devonshire's. I went there imme. greatest of all virtues in a minister."

diately, and found that Sir R. Walpole, on reThe proof of the early hatred of Prince Fre

This is a very ceipt of the news from Lord Townshend, had derick is afforded by a confidential conversa- curious proof of the early hatred of George the Second and instantly gone to Richmond, and acquainted tion, July 24, 1725, in which, among other Queen Caroline to Frederick Prince of Wales. It would the prince with it, and that thereupon the remarkable facts, Sir R. Walpole told the England had taken place them var at any time, by Cart prince had resolved to be in town as fast as he chancellor, while on a visit to him at his means, or by any means."

could that evening. In the mean time we prehouse at Ockham, “that pending the design " The ihen Prince of Wales, afterwards George the pared, by the attorney

, and solicitor-general, in France of sending back the young queen The Princess of Wales, afterwards Queen Caroline. I the draft for proclaiming the king, and set

" Afterwarris Frederick Prince of Wales. † “ Afterwards Duke of Cumberland.


tled the other things necessary to be done. Yand had secret conferences with him ; but in his conduct as to that matter in the late reign : The king, in the mean time, came to town, about three weeks' time, he saw his credit di- that he was now struck at by a great number and sent us word that he was ready, when- minish, and so left off the constancy of his of people. All those who had hopes on the ever we were ready to wait on him. Ac- attendance. The Tories and others, who ex- king's coming to the throne, seeing themselves cordingly, we who were at the Duke of pected great changes and alterations, finding disappointed, looked upon him as the cause. Devonshire's, except the duke himself, who things not to answer their expectations, began all the discontented Whigs, and Carteret, had the gout, went to Leicester House, and to retire about the end of the short session of Roxburgh, Berkeley, Bolingbroke, the Speaker, there being joined by several others of the parliament that was held for settling the civil Compton, and Pulteney, were entered into a nobility, we sent in to the king to desire an list. The king, when he came to the throne, formal confederacy against him; and if he audience: and although the archbishop was had formed a system both of men and things, and could once retire, he would never meddle by present, yet I made a short speech to the king, to make alterations in several offices, as to their way of opposition, but would comply with the according to agreement, setting out the great power, and particularly as to mine. About government in every thing. sorrow we were under by the unexpected death July 8th, he told me that he expected to no. With these specimens of a diary which we of the late king, and that nothing could relieve minate to all benefices and prebendaries that may well include among the valuable historical or mitigate it, but the certain prospect of happi- the chancellor usually nominated to. I told lights of this genuine description, we for the ness under his future administration ; and that him, with great submission, that this was a present conclude ; and when the work to which being now become our liege lord, we desired right belonging to the office, annexed to it by it forms so interesting an addition is published, leave to withdraw into the council-chamber, to act of parliament and immemorial usage, and (we trust next week), we shall feel ourselves draw up a form of a proclamation for proclaim- I hoped he would not put things out of their more at liberty to extend our extracts. ing him, and to sign it as usual; which being ancient course. He told me my Lord Cowper* granted, we retired into the council-chamber, told him, that in the latter part of his chan- The Journal of the Heart. Edited by the and there the form, which we had before agreed cellorship, in the queen's time, he laid before Authoress of “ Flirtation.” 8vo. pp. 323. upon, was produced, engrossed, and thereon all the queen a list of all persons whom he recom. London, 1830. Colburn and Bentley. the lords of the council then present first signed mended to benefices, that she might be satisfied This is a most charming and feminine voit. Then the doors were opened, and the peers they were good churchmen. I did not give up lume-one delightful for a woman to read, and in the outer room were desired to walk in and this point, but directly desired him to consider for a woman to have written. Elegant lansign it, which they did; then it was delivered it ; and afterwards, at another time, he told guage, kind and gentle thoughts, a sweet and to the gentlemen in the outer room to sign as me that I should go on as usual.- Sunday, serious tone of religious feeling, run through many as they pleased. And after it had been July 16th. I then saw him again : he seemed every page; and any extract must do very some time out, the lords of the council sent for now very pleasant, and I gave him a list of all scanty justice to the merit of the whole. The the parchment, which being returned, secret the judges, both in England and Wales, king's following family sketch is quite from real life. intimation was given to the king that the coun- sergeants, and council, and other subordinate “ The family consisted of a mother and sis cil were ready to receive him. Whereon he officers in the law, in his invariable nomination, children, five of them grown up, and one not immediately came in, and seating himself in and told him, that as to those which were not yet arrived at that state of felicity. The eldest, the royal chair, he there read the declaration, judges in England, they were many of them Mrs. Davies, left school at seventeen, and that was printed at the desire of the lords of parliament men, and some now stood again. happened immediately to attract the fancy of a the council: it had been prepared at the Duke So he ordered me to make out fiats for such of yellow, sickly, Indian judge, who was come of Devonshire's, by Sir R. Walpole and the them as were like to be parliament men. He home on a three weeks' prowl in search of a speaker. After that, orders were given for the also told me, now that he had heard that I had wife. None of her friends liked the marriage, proclaiming of the king the next morning at acted prudently in his father's time, as to the but, nevertheless, she took him for better for ten o'clock, and several other orders of course commissions of the peace, that his pleasure was, worse,' trusting to the latter proving im. were made, which are to be seen in the council- that I should put into the commission of the possible, and sailed with him for India. Ever book, particularly one for proroguing the par- peace all gentlemen of rank and quality in the since this event, fashion has pronounced her liament, being now, by reason of the king's several counties, unless they were in direct the flower of the flock,' and will not allow demise, immediately to meet. Thursday, 15th. opposition to his government; but still keep a that either of her sisters can play or sing like A little after ten, I came to Leicester House, majority of those who were known to be most her, or look so pretty, or make themselves so and the heralds and all being ready, about firmly in his interest, and he would have me agreeable, or, in short, be at all compared to eleven, the Archbishop of Canterbury, myself, declare the former part as his sentiment. • * Mrs. Davies. No wonder, for neither of them and other lords, went into the yard before November 24. Sir R. Walpole took occasion to are married ! and is not marriage the in. Leicester House, and there the heralds pro- tell me of the great credit he had with the fallible criterion of a woman's character all the claimed the king, we being there on foot un- king, and that it was principally by the means world over, and that which is proposed as the covered. As soon as that was done, we went of the queen, who was the most able woman to measure of her excellence ? Certainly in this into our respective coaches, and in the street govern in the world. However, he wished the testimony of the world in general must be before Leicester House the king was again now he had left off when the king came to the right; and fashion, for once, speaks in the proclaimed. From thence we went and pro- throne; for he looked upon himself to be in language of wisdom and experience; for when claimed him at Charing Cross, Temple Bar, the worst situation of any man in England; was it ever heard that a foolish, an ugly, or an the corner of Wood Street, and the Royal Ex- that that which engaged him to go on, was ill-tempered woman was married ? or that one change.

On seeing every one willing to settle a large civil handsome, or amiable, or good, remained an the king's coming to the throne, he ordered list on the king. He went with the others, old maid? Captain Evelyn, the eldest son, Sir R. Walpole and Sir S. Compton to confer and that the civil list now given exceeded the was in reality as well known to the antipodes together about his affairs, and let him know (civil list given to his father, and all the addi- as to us, being in the army and abroad; but what they thought fit to be done for his service tions made to it; so that this civil list, which old Lord Morley bad once seen him for two from time to time. Sir R. Walpole seemed so was given with unanimity, was more than the days, and declared he was a very fine young sensible that he should be laid aside, that he late king ever had, and so was a justification of man, go all the neighbourhood echoed that was very irresolute what to do, whether to re

John Evelyn was an uncommonly fine young tire into the House of Lords and give up all papers at Ockham, confirrys George the second's account man, very handsome, and as brave an officer as

diary, business, or whether to continue. But the king of the conversation.

ever drew a sword; and thus his character has and the speaker persuading him to continue, he

Ertract from Lord Couper's Diary. went on, and undertook what the king expected bestow my livings of 401. and under without consulting has the impudence to destroy the dream by

to November 13th, 1705. – I had the queen's leave to every chance of remaining intacte, unless he from him, as to the civil list and the queen's her.

coming to dwell before our waking eyes. The jointure, which he forwarded in parliament. had discourse with the archbishop about disposing of the

**• June 25th, 1706.- At cabinet. Before it begun, other son, William, was at Oxford; he was During which time, by his constant application livings in my gift, and my having promised the queen to intended for the church; had been more in to the king by himself in the mornings, when present as she directed, in all the valuable ones : he said the neighbourhood, and therefore was known a the speaker, by reason of the sitting of the under the late keeper's servants,

by the importunity of little better, but not much, which occasioned House of Commons, was absent, he so worked the women and other hangers-on at court, and promised him to have a character of a mixed nature. upon the king, that he not only established to endeavour to get that matter into a proper method.”

He was said to have done divers very wrong himself in favour with him, but prevented the court, were probably the first and loudesthao Sery, The things he had stayed out on Saturday-night cashiering of many others, who otherwise would church is in danger ! on every occasion that suited their till the beginning of Sunday morning, and he have been put out. The speaker for some time interest or secured their patronage; and they thought the had been two or three times inebriated. Morecame constantly to the king every afternoon, distributiou of the richest benefices in that church.” over, report added, that he had frightened his

mother out of her wits, for fear he should be any selection of its beauties, which are too inti-, celebrated places, of raids and murders, and of fashionable ; and his sisters for fear he should mately interwoven with each other to admit of spots, however marked by tradition, which are not; some of his friends, lest he should be a separation. The volume is adorned by five brought under notice by this strange visitation, missionary, and others, lest he should be a very pretty plates.

where " the waters prevailed.” confirmed rake; but those persons who were

Such being our judgment upon this work, it inclined to like him, laid all the fault of these An Account of the Great Floods of August may be but candid to say, that we cannot be sure his aberrations, to his guardians, and pitied 1829, in the Province of Moray, and ad. of its possessing the same charm for every reader. him, poor creature! and only thought him the joining Districts. By Sir Thomas Dick The difference of taste may cause it to seem more interesting, whilst others said it was Lauder, Bart., of Fountainhall, F.R.S.E. somewhat prolix and less interesting to others ; entirely owing to his own wild and thoughtless 8vo. pp. 431. Edinburgh, 1830, Adam but we are convinced that the great majority disposition, that he was so ill spoken of. Arthur Black; London, Longman and Co.; Elgin, will agree with us in thinking it a very singu. was but eight years old, and just placed at Forsyth and Young.

lar and captivating performance. It is finely school; yet we heard more of him, and wished It must be confessed, that when we lifted this embellished by two maps of the rivers chiefly more to see him, than any of the rest of the well-sized volume, though we could not expect augmented by the floods; and by sixty-five picfamily; for he was said to be an extraordinary a very dry narrative, either from the nature of turesque plates, illustrative of the state of the child; the delight of his mother's heart, and the subject, or from the Laird of (here most country, its inhabitants, their houses, ruins, the unwearying theme of her admiration and appropriate) Fountain-hall, we could not help bridges, linns, &c. &c. &c., from the clever praise: and one of the worst traits of the Miss prejudging it as a production of far too great burin of W. H. Lizars. Evelyns, was their seeming to care so little length for the event which it undertook to de. It is out of our power to afford room for the about this delightful boy. He did not know scribe. Local details,-how one burn swelled, copious extracts we should otherwise be tempted his letters at four years old, because Mrs. Eve- and another overflowed its banks; how a river to make, for the purpose of justifying our cri. lyn considered the brain as a sort of vegetable, raged, and a bridge was swept away; how the ticism; but we shall do our best, by selecting and therefore thought that, like other vege- poor dwellers on the lowlands were forced to as great a diversity as we can, to do honour to tables, it would put forth the most fruitful and fee, and how their goods and chattels were the author, and to gratify our readers. most vigorous shoots, if left to itself ; besides destroyed by the merciless waters,—seemed to Among the previous indications or warnings which, she had been told by a learned physi- us, à priori, a sufficient theme, for some weeks, of the food were many electrical phenomena, cian, that his temperament was hot, and that in a county newspaper, or a pamphlet at most; aurora-borealis, waterspouts, &c. On the 12th if (to use another metaphor) she taught his but a stout octavo · Neptune preserve us ! of July, one of the latter occurred at Kean

young ideas how to shoot, before nature thought we, from such a flood (not a rivulet) loch-luichart, in Ross-shire; and the author had given them strength to bear, they would of text, and without any dishonest book tells us : “ This waterspout did not extend be firing off, to right and left, at all hazards, making breadth of margin! For (we went on beyond two miles on each side of the village-a and drive either herself or her child into a considering) if there had been-(and the Laud- circumstance that led these simple people to brain fever. But the fact of Arthur's not ers are an old family, whose ancestor came into consider their calamity as a visitation of Provi. knowing how to read till he was seven, only Scotland with Malcolm Canmure)--if there dence for their landlord's vote in parliament in made his precocity of intellect the more re- had been any Sir Thomas Dick Lauder, Bart. favour of Catholic emancipation.' markable. He listened most attentively when in the time of Noah, or even of Deucalion, So much for Highland simplicity! It was in ever his mother read the Scriptures, and found (unde Dick or Duck might very readily be August (3d and 4th) that the waters came out, from them, that Moses was taken to the derived by an ingenious etymologist), what down in torrents from the hills, and that the hill by the Bristol carrier. Moreover, he had famous long histories we might have had of rain and tempest raged with incessant fury. seen many little lions, in the shape of poodle- either the sacred or the pagan deluge! At this On the Findhorn at Randolph's bridge (the dogs, about Bath, the first time he was taken rate, in the proportion of one volume octavo for Randolph of Douglas, in which tragedy the to that town, and had looked at them, and Moray, we must have had, at least, ten thou- effects of the swollen river are so poetically passed them without a sign of fear. But his sand folios of papyrus for the old Patri-ark, described), the flood rose to the height of fifty grand feat was discovering the day of judgment, and five thousand for the son of Prometheus. feet; and Sir Thomas says :and desiring his mother to prepare for it, as it However, it was our duty to dip into Sir Nothing can convey an idea of the violence would take place on the morrow. He had heard Thomas's “ Account;" and who can guess our and velocity of the water that shot away from her read that before that day, the stars would surprise and pleasure when we discovered, that the whirling sea above the cliffs. It was scarcely fall from heaven, and the moon would be out of so unpromising a theme he had contrived possible to follow with the eye the trees and wreck turned into blood : and when he was going to to make a book, not of merely ordinary, but of that floated like straws on its surface. The force bed at night, he had seen the full-moon rise uncommon interest a book which Scotsmen, was as much more than that of a raging ocean slowly and magnificently, a dark and lurid red, especially, in every quarter of the world, will as gunpowder ignited within the confined tube and some of the stars falling (as it is called) read with national and homefelt pleasure? It of a cannon is more terribly powerful than the from one part of the sky to another. At thé is true that the worthy baronet goes into many same material when suffered to explode on the time of our visit, only Mrs. Evelyn and her small details; but even in these there is a truth open ground. I was particularly struck here two daughters were at home - she, in the and freshness which remind us more of the with an example of the fact, that trees exposed opinion of every one, was devoted to her duties, fascinations of Robinson Crusoe than of any to occasional struggles with torrents, instinct. and a charming woman; and having made a other work with which we are acquainted : ively prepare themselves to resist them. I confidant of my mother, we knew particularly and, generally speaking, there is a graphic observed one tall ash, growing a little way about her. Poor woman! it was from the spirit in the whole of this narrative which above Randolph's Bridge, covered to at least best of all authorities,—from her own mouth, makes you not only a spectator of all the peril. four-tifths of its height. It was broken over we learned how she suffered from these de- ous incidents which it relates, and a hearer of at last, but, having been taught by experience testable girls. Where she liked to live, they the remarks of the people, whether sufferers or to resist the action of water, it was not rent hated to reside; and where she hated to saviours, but absolutely an actor in the busy and away, whilst all those which had never been sojourn, they liked to abide; she had taken affecting catastrophe.' The book is one of the visited by floods before were torn up like Ashgrove entirely to please them, and from a most complete pictures of Highland scenery and weeds. Before I left this spot, I saw one of hope that they would mis much with the manners which we have ever read; and so far the under-gardeners wade into the water, as it society near them, and find it suit their wishes. from being tired with its minuteness, in our had begun to ebb on the baugh, and, with his Ellen Evelyn was a stupid, conceited, evil. opinion the omission of any one little particu- umbrella, drive ashore and capture a fine sal. speaking girl; and her sister, besides excelling lar would be an injury and a loss.

mon, at an elevation of fifty feet above the ordi. her in the two last-mentioned particulars, was Indeed, the production is altogether peculiar nary level of the Findhorn." satirical_bas bleuand all that was horrible. -a novelty in manner and in matter-a lite Among the incidents, where the inhabitants • We shall have a woful visit of it.'

rary curiosity. The alternation of character. were rescued by the bravery of their neighThe paper whence this is extracted is called istic traits, bordering on humour, with simple bours from houses surrounded by the waters, “ prejudice," and the ensuing remarks in it, unadorned relations from the mouths of the and momentarily yielding to their force-we upon the subject of taking up hearsay and parties where dangers were appalling and lives find the following :hasty opinions, are admirably set forth. An were sacrificed, adds much to the feeling with “After landing the Cumins, the next house “owre true” tale is interestingly told (it seems which these pages must be perused; and an. of the hamlet the boat went to was that of to be by a different hand); and, altogether, we other striking variety is communicated to them Widow Speediman, an old bedrid woman, with most cordially recommend this Journal of the by the recollection of ancient historical events, whom resided her niece, Isabella Morrison, an Heart, though we are unable to do it justice by of superstitions and legends, of antiquities and elderly person. One of the walls of this house

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