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That love of her was Oliver's sole care.

never been heard of; more particularly in • Yes, thy new grief I will with mine requite

your soul was yours, in the land of Mohammed

Nor were it better thou hadst felt death's dart; Denmark, whence the Normans originally

Ingratitude such love shall never know,

Ali, that you dared to eat his rice? Did you came. Finally, we here find a plausible reason This breast is not of adamant, I trow.'

not know, that you were the slave of a generfor the strange opinion that Denmark was in With sighs departed Forisena fair,

ous master, who took the produce of the soil at Africa or Asia, and that through that country

And Oliver remained afflicted inore;

his own price?'-and, with that, they mea

Nor of his gashes took he thought or care, the knights returned to the west, who had

For anguish of the inward wound he bore.

sured the stock and carried it away; giving me been fighting gloriously in the east, against

an order on the Miri for the sum they were the Soldans of Persia, Babylon, or Egypt." And weeping, lingering, sighing sad between, pleased to allow me. It barely paid the ex.

Adieu !'--the knight had said to Forisene. We will not omit one short note, shewing

pense of cultivation ; but when I went to the

When the fair maid beheld her parting knight, how greatly one age resembles another; and

She many times to follow him designed,

haznahdar, he gave but a fourth of the tusthat the principle which now leads the poet to With other thoughts all wild and opposite,

karee in money, and a cheque on a merchant Paternoster Row, is but the same which go Nor longer could she keep her love confined. for the remainder. The merchant told me I

Then to gaze after him, though lost to sight, verned his music in the baron's hall.

Led to her lattice by the archer blind,

must take half the amount in cloth and cottons. “ That the itinerant poets did not sing or The cruel urchin twang'd his fatal bow,

I was obliged to do so; and having sold these

And on the earth behold the damsel low! tell their stories for nothing, is beyond all

in the bazar for half what they cost me, I

The tidings heard, her aged father sped doubt; and it would be pedantic to quote

returned home half ruined. It is better, said

To raise his prostrate child,--and she was dead !" instances of it. I shall content myself with

To the general reader these pages present

I, to throw up the land at once; another good mentioning one piece of this kind, which is much attraction : the analysis of the stories is crop would utterly destroy me! I went to the singular, from the way in which the poet's amusing; the criticisms are excellent, and en.

casheff who governed the district, but he

laughed at my beard when I told him my lished by Le Grand, the poet interrupts his livened by much of shrewd observation and witty intention : - Give up the land, indeed," said

remark : but to the Italian student the disqui he ; are you mad enough to think the pasha whimsical effusion at once, and says; shall

sition is invaluable; no library where Ariosto, will permit you? Go home and dig the canals, sing no more without money.' We cannot but give the highest praise to our this their fitting companion. We must con: for if your cultivation be not better than it was

Tasso, &c. are favourites should be without and be sure you water your rice-grounds well ; Italian's English, not for the mere grace of clude by the technical praise of how beautifully last Harvest, you will be surely fogged.'. I style, but for its animation : the pressure of the book is got up and printed : Mr. Pickering went home with a sorrowful heart ; I tilled the matter alone prevents us from illustrating it has done honour even to his press, by the çen: ground ; I irrigated it from morning to night; by his very lively, as well as neatly turned, tleman-like style in which he has clothed this the grain sprung up, my heart died away at the strictures on the heroine of the Teseide. There are some elegant translations by Lady gentleman and scholar-like performance.

fertility of the soil; the crop was more abund. Dacre, Stewart Rose, and Sotheby: we must

ant than ever ;-I was completely undone. give the lady's performance preference, though The Mussulman., By R. R... Madden, Esq. There was no salvation for me froin the curse

Author of “ Travels in Turkey, Egypt, of such a plentiful harvest, except in flight; and Mr. Sotheby's are wonderfully close and poetical. « And Forisene was in her heart aware,

Nubia, and Palestine.” 3 vols. 12mo. Lon- accordingly I fed the most unfortunately fertile don, 1830. Colburn and Bentley.

district in all Egypt. I began to think the And because Love not willingly excuses One who is loved and loveth not again;

THESE are three very amusing volumes; ori- man who robbed the chicken-oven must have (For tyrannous were deem'd the rule he uses, ental and sentimental, both in the best sense of been a farmer of the pasba's. The peasant Should they who sue for pity sue in vain;

the words. There are lively sketches of the cannot help stealing,' said I, if the prince be What gracious lord his faithful liege refuses ?) So when the gentle dame perceived the pain

race of the turban and sabre ; some good con- an oppressor.' I remember having heard a That well nigh wrought to death her valiant knight, trasts of the sad and serious ; and several nar- learned man say, the prayer of the oppressed Her melting heart began his love requite.

ratives introduced with very good effect. We was to be dreaded, even when the arrows of And from her eyes soft beamed the answering ray That Oliver's soul-thrilling glance returns;

select the following as a pitiable, and we believe the tyrant had drained the blood of the poor Love in these gleamy lightnings loves to play, a most true picture of the “landed interest in man, that his supplications were not to be

Till but one name two youthful bosoms burns. the East.” It might serve as a lesson to some suppressed. I thought it would be a good
To tend his grievous wounds she comes one day,
And towards him with greeting mute she turns;
of our own malcontents.

thing to rob the public granaries ; I procured For on her lips her voiceless words are stayed,

The earliest feat I remember of my employment in one of them; I began with a And her bright eyes are fain to lend their aid.

youth,' said he, was beating a rogue out of handful of beans, and ended with a sackful When Oliver perceived that Forisene Accosted him with shrinking timid grace,

the village, who had robbed a chicken-oven : I of opium and indigo. I was at length disThe pains which insupportable had been

was so incensed against the fellow, that I verily covered, and I suppose it is needless to say, Vanished, and to far other ills gave place;

believe I should have killed him, had I had a when I was thrust out of doors I had not a His soul is tost sweet hopes and doubts between, And you might almost, 'mid these flutterings, trace

sword. Blessed prophet! said I, how is it leg to stand on. Why should I contine my A dear assurance to be loved by her;

possible there can be such rogues in the world ; depredations, said I, to the substance of MoFor silence is Love's best interpreter.

is it not pleasanter to eat one's own bread hammed Ali ? he is not the only oppressor of He might besides, as she drew near, observe O'er all her face a deep verinilion dye,

than that of another ? And is it not safer to the poor fellah, the hard-working peasant. And short, and broken, checked by cold reserve, live by industry than by knavery? These Every one who is rich is the poor man's Her accents of condoling courtesy,

rogues must have different natures to mine ; enemy; therefore to plunder him can be no For the sharp wounds he suffer'd, to preserve Her worthless self in her extremity.

they must surely be of another race altogether. crime. I accordingly commenced with a Jew With downcast looks, that speak of hope the while My father having died, I succeeded to all banker ; I slipped into his house at dusk, and For this of lovers ever is the style.

his property. I need not tell you it was ac- left it with a dozen amber-mouthed chibouques. And thus in lowly accents falt'ring still ;-• The fates, despiteful destiny,' she said,

quired under the beys; for since Mohammed I increased in adroitness with the magnitude Or, in whatever sort, high Heaven's will

Ali has been our pasha, no man has been able of my attempts ; at last I carried away a bale Me to a miserable death had led;

to make money, much less to keep what his of tobacco from the storehouse of a merchant Thou cam'st, Sir Paladin, and didst fulfi Heaven's high behest, from highest Heaven sped

father made for him. I farmed twenty feddans of Bar 'el Cham-the prophet was not with For my release, and 'tis through thee I live!

of the choicest land in the Faioum, from the me; I was seized at my own door, and beaten Therefore for these thy wounds I justly grieve.' lord of the soil, the mighty pasha. I turned till further blows were deemed unnecessary. These words with in his inmost heart found place, up the earth, and beans and rice came forth in It was written, I was not to die just then. I E'en for the joy of that one moment's space

abundance. Praise be to Allah ! said I, what recovered shortly, and the first use I made Gladly the knight before Love's shrine had died, a happy world is this! But the soldiers came of my returning strength, was to plunder a O'ercome by gratitude for so much grace! And prizing little all of life beside,

round, and said, “Where is the produce of the mosque of five Persian praying carpets. (Here Nay, holding, I had almost said, at nought

pasha's land ?' – and coming into my house, there was a general murmur of disapprobaHe, bashful, thus gave utterance to his thought: they found a pilau of rice on the floor. 'Allah!' tion among the prisoners.) I could not help • Never, fair lady, in my earthly course,

said they, twirling their mustachoes, here is it, continued the sacrilegious felon, "the Have I done aught that brought so true content; If I have rescued thee from fate's dark force,

a pessavink, who has the audacity to eat the pasha's oppression made me a rogue; the Such sweetness through my heart the deed hath sent, grain he grows ; -- down with the presump- contempt and uncharitableness of the world As none can match from any other source: I know thou would'st my every pain prevent

tuous knave, and up with his feet !! In the made me a villain ; and the frowns of my unBut different wounds far different balms assuage,

twinkling of an eye, their thick sticks were propitious planet, and the loss of the prophet's 'Twere better else I'd felt the monster's rage.' belabouring my soles ; and when they were patronage, made me a kafir; and therefore I Well knew the maiden to interpret right

fatigued with the operation, and I haif dead robbed the temple of Allah; but I did not These gentle words and print them on her heart; So in Love's subtle school each task is light!

with the pain, they bade me rise. Katir,' prosper. I sold the plunder to a Greek priest, And, sighing, to herself she said apart,

said the chief man of them, "did you imagine who was on his way to Eloods, the holy city

And on their sweetness Oliver relied,

of Jerusalem, for three hundred piastres. I plied for, and obtained, the frigate which bore unique); or at the amazing industry and skilreturned home delighted with my sale. I looked her from the English shore.”

ful comments of the collector, who has, by his at my money, I counted it over and over ; a The next relates to the appointment of Mr. researches, corrected some errors, and added piece fell on the floor : a clod on a cold breast Canning as Premier.

some most curious particulars to this memorcould not give a duller sound. Beard of the “ It can, alas ! be no breach of etiquette or able period of British history. prophet! cried I, here is treachery. I ex. betrayed confidence now to record how poweramined the other pieces, every coin of them fully Mr. Canning was affected by his ma. An Introduction to a Course of German Litewas base money. Allah Illah! cried I, in my jesty's behaviour on this exciting occasion. rature; in Lectures to the Students of the Unidesperation, there is no faith, no honesty in On the succeeding day, when he described it versity of London. By Ludwig von Mühlenthe world ; the very priest cheats the robber of to the writer, he was almost overcome by the fels, LL.D., &c. 8vo. London, 1830. Taylor. the church. I must put this money off, said I, emotions called up by the bare recollection of The present volume comprises the introin the best way I can; and then, cursing the the king's goodness. They were alone in St. ductory part of a Course of Lectures on the mother of the Greek priest with becoming James's; and the important subject of the re- History of German Literature since the time fervour, I sallied forth. It occurred to me signation of Mr. Canning's late colleagues, the of the Reformation, delivered by Dr. Mühlenthere was a deaf jeweller in the bazar. I propositions for the choice of new members to fels to the pupils of the University of London. proceeded to his shop, hoping, as I had been the cabinet, the course of policy to be adopted Considering the literature of a people as “ the deceived by the sight of the money, so might on certain leading questions, --had been con- great repository of their ideas," the lecturer he. From the sound I had nothing to fear. sidered in a manner worthy of the frank and shews, that without it the history of a nation Having purchased a quantity of goods, I paid manly natures of both the parties; when his cannot be properly understood; as, on the down the money. There was no one in the majesty, who had a while leaned upon the other hand," the literature of a people, the shop but a blind muezzin from a neighbouring arm of the chair on which Mr. Canning sat, bloom of the national mind, cannot be duly mosque. The merchant examined the money : held out the royal sign of his entire con- judged and estimated without tracing it's • It looks good,' said she,' and I suppose it is fidence, and gave him his hand to kiss, accom-course as the product of the historical deve80; if the poor muezzin was not blind, I would panied by expressions so sincere and gratifying, lopment of mankind generally, and in par. get him to examine it likewise.' Thank Hea- that the deeply touched minister could only ticular, of that of the nation to which it beven, said I to myself, that he is blind, other-drop on his knee and impress on it the silent longs.” Accordingly, he commences his Inwise it would go hard with me. I was on the oath of his utter devotedness and love. We troduction by tracing in a rapid but lively point of leaving the shop, with my purchase could wish, if it were possible, to paint a his- sketch the progress of mankind through the under my arm, when the unlucky son of dark- torical picture of so interesting a scene, and prominent stages of its history down to the ness groped his way to the counter, and bade one which ought never to be forgotten when period of the Reformation, when the modern the merchant jingle the pieces on the money the patriotic virtues of either the monarch or literature of Germany begins. But besides trough. I was ready to sink into the earth. the subject are remembered.”

this historical introduction, the subject to be Piece after piece was jingled, and condemned. The last anecdote that we shall quote shews treated of requires also an elucidation of the I endeavoured to escape, but the merchant laid the amiable and benevolent feelings of Mr. character of the various branches of literature, fast hold of me and here I am covered with Canning in a very striking point of view. their relation to science and art, and to each crimes, which Allah, in his justice, will lay at “ The writer was one day with him when other mutually; and this inquiry, which is the door of the poor man's oppressor, the pasha either the newspapers or some private person more of a philosophical kind, occupies another of El Masr." gave an account of a woman with a family of portion of the volume before us.

" Science The heroine is very sweetly drawn; and the children in mourning having watched the and art,” says Dr. Mühlenfels, are forms by whole work much raises our estimate of Mr. egress of Lord Sidmouth (then home secretary) which the human mind represents the nature Madden's talents.

from his official residence, and thrown herself of its divine origin. The former is called into

bathed in tears at his feet, while the children life through the activity of intellect, the latter National Portrait Gallery of Illustrious and clung to his dress and implored, in the most through feeling and fancy.” Science, accord

Eminent Personages of the Nineteenth cen. melting tones, mercy for a husband and a fa. ing to its nature, belongs to mankind gene. tury. With Memoirs by William Jerdan, ther, who was under sentence of death and rally; while the productions of art partake of Esq. No. XIII. King's Edition. Fisher, about to be executed. The sentence, it ap- the peculiar character of nations and inSon, and Co.

peared, was irrevocable, and the noble lord had dividuals. Dr. Mühlenfels excludes from the The great success of this work has induced literally to be torn from the despairing group. plan of his Lectures the history of all those the publishers, as we have already stated, to We well remember Mr. Canning's observation branches of German literature which have any issue a quarto edition, with proof'impressions — I would not be in that situation, exposed reference to science, and directs his attention of the plates, distinguished by the name of to such an affliction, for all the power and in- more exclusively to the department of history, " the King's Edition.” We avail ourselves of fluence possessed by all the ministry.'

speculative philosophy, rhetoric, and poetry, the appearance of this thirteenth No. to ex.

which stand in the nearest relation to the arts. tract from the Memoir of Mr. Canning the Picture of India, Geographical, Historical, and We regret that the limits prescribed to this following anecdotes, which we think cannot Descriptive. 2 vols. 12mo. Whittaker and notice must prevent us from entering more fail to be interesting to our readers.


deeply into the views here developed by Dr. The first is in illustration of the statement When we have so many voluminous publica- Müllenfels. We think that these Lectures that it was chiefly attributable to Mr. Can. tions upon India, which, important and valu. are highly creditable to his zeal and talent as ning's persuasion that the Princess of Wales able as they are, tax the time of general readers a literary inquirer, and as a professor in the was induced to quit England, in 1813. too much to enjoy very general circulation, new institution to which he belongs; and we

“ The writer of this article one day hap- the present work is peculiarly acceptable. It would particularly recommend a perusal of pened to wait at Gloucester Lodge while the is diligently compiled, easily written, and very them to those who attend the public Lectures Princess of Wales had an interview with Mr. neatly as well as usefully illustrated by plates on German poetry which Dr. Mühlenfels has Canning; and on her retiring, was shewn into and maps.

just commenced at Willis's Rooms. the room which her royal highness had left. He found Mr. Canning standing by the fire-Ilustrations of the Anglo - French Coinage. ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE. place, very deeply affected; and after some Large 4to. pp. 167. London, 1830. J. matters of less consequence, the conversation Hearne.

Aurea Mediocritas! by your leave a moment, turned on the then engrossing topic of the day. To this very beautiful, and, to the lovers of and let me take up the cudgels in defence of In the course of this, to him so interesting numismatics, most interesting and invaluable arrant nonsense. Mediocrity I take to be one scene, he accidentally leaned his arm upon the work, we cannot, this week, pay the detailed of the most sneaking, beggarly, wishy-washy chimney-piece; when Mr. Canning (who was attention it so richly deserves. We will, there- characteristics that can mark the décadence of describing the forlorn situation of her royal fore, only say (previous to its appearance on an age. Whereas, thorough-faced absurdity is highness as she had just painted it to him) Monday next), that it illustrates the mintage sometimes amusing, and, besides, in this age exclaimed with great emotion-Stop! your of the English kings in France, from the ac- of mind, will soon become rather rare ; two sleeve is now wet with a princess's tears.quisition of Aquitaine by llenry II., for three reasons which, in my idea, entitle it to a de. It was true:-her royal highness had been centuries, in a manner beyond all praise ; cided preference. The march of intellect will weeping there over her deserted condition ; and whether we look at the accuracy and beauty shortly render downright stupidity a distincwe believe that within a few hours of this time, of the engravings, by Finden; at the number cion." It offends me to the soul to hear an Mr. Canning, moved by her distress, had ap- and rarity of the coins (many of which are encomium on a passable production of any

Paris, May 11.


description. If I cannot meet with unmixed ex. bargain, the victim's jewels. Kust, in a twink. Fido and Bianco, the two learned dogs now cellence, give me something so ineffably ridicu- ling, whistles his band together, and commences being exhibited in Paris, have been honoured lous, that the bêtise is apparent on the surface. a pursuit, but in vain; because, it seems, that with a mark of distinction which Messrs. BourI hate your mediums, throngh whose tame, spi- in Bohemia Providence always protects inno- mont, Victor Hugo, Dumas, and other personritless dulness the mind is obliged to dive in cence-except in a few occasional instances not ages of note, share in common with the illusorder to get at the absurdity, which, in the worth mentioning. And, after all this, the old trious quadrupeds. An ingenious artist has case under consideration, is the cream of the gentleman, Henry de Hornbourg, gives a ball, executed a lithographic print, in which the jest. There is a species of nonsense so sub at which, like a gallant troubadour as he is

, animals are represented playing their favourite limely nonsensical, that only to think on it does Kust, of course, makes his appearance, in the game of écarté. Fido, who is out of luck, apthe heart good. This divine nonsense, in praise character, as I before hinted, of a gentleman. parently bears the injustice of fortune with of which I would fain raise my voice, is now As usual, the gay deceiver endeavours to in. most impatient spirit. Bianco's broad grin exbecoming much more uncommon than many veigle Bibiana, who agrees to meet him in the emplifies the truth of the old proverb, “ they worthy people are apt to imagine.

chapel. And then the valiant Ottomar, at the laugh that win.” Apropos of what is this exordium? Of the head of his father's vassals, rushes, sword in first and second representations of Bibiana, at hand, upon the bandits ;-a thing which, to be

ARTS AND SCIENCES. the German Opera: neither more nor less. I sure, he might have done long before; but in feel myself in the humour to build an argu- that case the catastrophe of the opera would Since our last notice, two meetings have been ment on a needle's point. The poem of this have come in at the wrong end. And then the held. At the first, Lord Stanley presided ; opera fulfils all the conditions necessary to con- opera concludes with a blowing up, and a wed- and a paper by Richard Chambers, Esq., was stitute the most glorious absurdity, and pre- ding, and

read : the communication was on luminous cisely for that reason appears to me deserving “ Songs, and quavers, roaring, humming, insects; and tended to shew that the ignis of particular mention. But that it concludes Guitars," &c.

fatuus, and other similar appearances, are to with a marriage, comme à l'ordinaire, I should Such is the history of this opera, which, in- I be referred to insects, and not to vapour. At be tempted to call it a most exhilarating tra. dependent of its really attractive music, is curi- the last meeting, which was held on Tuesday gedy. Bibiana, a fair maiden, such as could ous on account of the sheer absurdity of the week, A. B. Lambert, Esq., in the chair, a paper be found only in Bohemia, where, it seems, libretto. The musician, whatever be his talent,

on the Aeronautic Spider, by John Blackwall, wonders are thickly sown, Bibiana loves Ot- cannot obtain a complete triumph over the nul. Esq., was read : this paper is an addition to tomar, son of one'Henry de Hornbourg. Ot-lity of an opera-poem destitute of all dramatic one by the same author already published in tomar loves Bibiana, for the old reason of love interest. It is therefore no mean tribute of the 16th vol. of the Society's Transactions. The for love. Henry de Hornbourg, a placid elderly praise to M. Pixis to affirm, that he has con- writer considers as fully established, that the gentleman, loves every body; and Kust, a trived to render even the opera of Bibiani in. ascent of these spiders is to be attributed to gentleman robber, and decidedly the bel esprit teresting, solely by the merit of his music ascending currents of rarefied air. of the piece, loves nobody at all. Henry de The overture is brilliant, and the choruses, Hornbourg is not only a universal philanthro- especially those of the robbers, merit an un MEDICO-BOTANICAL SOCIETY. pist, but a first-rate hand at draughts ; and, to restricted encomium. A comic duet in the EARL STANhope in the chair. The reading indulge in his innocent recreation, always car. third act excited much applause. ries a draught-board about his person, as a The operatic ballet of Manon Lescaut may previous meeting was concluded. It is entitled,

of a paper which had been commenced at & lover carries the miniature of his mistress, or a be expected to go through a successful run off" Collections towards an essay on the medichevalier d'industrie a pair of cogged dice. On at least thirty or forty representations, at the cinal properties of the plants composing the a certain excursion, the old gentleman disco- Académie Royale de Musique. The principal, natural order Gentiana," by J. P. Yosy, Esq., vers that he has forgotten his draught-board in though rather equivocal, merit of this composi- communicated in a letter to the President. the chapel of Culm, where, en passant, he had tion, is the fidelity with which it portrays the The author, describing the characters of the stepped in to say a pater-noster. Spite of a dissolute manners of the court of Louis XV. order, passes on in review the different genera vehement paternal remonstrance, and notwith- A crowd of minor accessories contribute to the (twenty-seven in number) of which it is com. standing that the sacred edifice has the reputa- piquancy of the exhibition. Marquesses and posed, enumerating under each the species tion of being a den of thieves as well as a house fashionables of the olden time, arrayed in mag- which deserve the attention of the medical of prayer, the bold Ottomar instantly proposes nificent costumes - originals, well furnished botanist. The following are his conclusions :to return in quest of the precious movable. with smelling-bottles, snuff-boxes, tortoiseshell That of the 400 species, and upwards, which Bibiana, however, succeeds in dissuading him cases, and the other gimcrackery of their day, compose this order, more than one-tenth are or from his fell design, though, as to the why or add a degree of truth and local colouring to the have been, in different countries, esteemed and wherefore, the poet bas not insulted the capa- scene. Messrs. Scribe and Auber have com- employed as bitters in the cure or alleviation of city of his audience by the slightest hint. We pleted a new opera, which will be immediately diseases, or considered capable of being so em. have then an amorous duet-an invocation, I put in rehearsal at this theatre.

ployed. The author announces that he purbelieve, to the lamp of night; and Bibiana sets At the theatre of the Opéra Comique, l'Au- poses to devote especial attention to this order off, at a round pace, for the redoutable chapel, berge d'Auray, a one-act lyric drama, will be in the course of his trans-Atlantic voyage. where Kust holds a species of house of com- represented, for the first time this evening, for mons, the members which are distinguished Miss Smithson's début. by the usual political shades_ministerial, oppo A letter from Germany states that Paganini

LITERARY AND LEARNED. sition, and radical. Kust, be it known, is ra- will shortly quit that country for Holland, ther a facetious personage-an animal compound where he will remain till the end of the year. The President in the chair. A paper was of the monkey and the tiger; in short, some. In the month of December he is expected in read, entitled "An Essay or the preserved thing like the Fra-Diavolo at Feydeau ; and Paris, whence he will proceed to London in bodies of aboriginal Peruvian Indians," by frequently goes abroad into what is called the April


W. T. Carter, M.D., surgeon R. N., comworld, disguised in a clean shirt. When the

I give you the latest gossip on the subject of municated by Dr. Granville, F.R.S. ; of which road proves but indifferent, his favourite mode Sontag. 'About two years ago, a shoe-maker we shall present an epitome in a subsequent of raising the wind is to entice some maid of in Berlin exhibited, in large letters, on the Number. high degree to the chapel, on pretence of ho- door of his shop, the following ensignation : The following is an abstract of a paper lately nourable intentions, and then and there bar.“ Boot and shoemaker to Mademoiselle Hen- read. The communication is entitled, “ On the barously to throttle her, in order to obtain pos. rietta Sontag.” A baker in the same capital elasticity of threads of glass, with some of the session of her “jewels, cash, and keys.” At has lately renewed the joke, by displaying an most useful applications of this property to the moment of Bibiana's appearance in the equally curious show-board over his shop-front: various kinds of Torsion Balances,” by William chapel, the monster, who has no bowels of com "Fancy bread-baker to Mademoiselle Sontag.” | Ritchie, Esq., F.R.S., &c. passion, drags a fair and noble châtelaine to The fair siren, indignant at this reiterated The author proposes the employment of the front of the stage (exactly opposite to the pleasantry, intends, it is said, to remonstrate threads of glass in the construction of torsion prompter's snug retreat), mercilessly rifles her through the medium of the public press. balances, in place of the silver wire used by of her trinkets, and, with exquisite breeding,

Coulomb for the measurement of minute elec conducts her to the side scenes, to spare the the Berlin Gazette of April 22d, which contains a critique

* A propos of this lady: we have received a letter, and tric or magnetic forces. He describes a gal. audience the horror of witnessing bloodshed, on her appearance as Dimna Anna in Don Juan. From vanometer of his invention acting upon this and so becoming particeps criminis. Bibiana this it appears, that instead of being hissed, as described decamps with the draught-board, and, into the with the highest approbation. In justice, we cannot re-mation.-Ed. L. G.

in the Paris correspondence, her performance was crowned fuse to quote this critical opinion against our own infor.



principle, the intensity of the galvanic current merit, and to important discoveries in litera A history of inedited literature, which should being measured by the torsion of a slender ture.

bring under one view the notices of unpub. filament of glass, to the lower end of which a The execution of these several means of ad- lished works of antiquity which are scattered magnetised needle is fixed at right angles. He vancing literature (as far as the resources of through the catalogues of public libraries, and also applies the same power to the improvement the Society rendered practicable) has been ful- the writings of Cave and Fabricius, is a desiof the sensibility of the common balance for filled in a way which we trust has not been deratum which, to a great extent, might be weighing minute bodies, by affixing to the beam unworthy of his Majesty's most munificent accomplished without much difficulty. But, as a long glass thread horizontally in the axis of patronage ;-). by the publication of several most public libraries are imperfectly catalogued, suspension, by the torsion of which, when the successive fasciculi of hieroglyphics ; 2. by the many tracts being often included in a volume balance has been brought nearly to á level, the disposal of his Majesty's medals in reward of under one title, the production and discrimi. more accurate adjustments are to be effected. the eminent talents and valuable works of Mit-nation of these hidden treasures requires the On the whole, he considers that glass, from its ford and Mai, of Rennell and Wilkins, of knowledge and perseverance of Langfaire, Maperfect elasticity, possesses decided advantages Stewart and Schweighauser, of Coxe and Crabbe, billon, or Montfaucon ; and for the detection over metallic wires for the construction of and of Roscoe and De Sacy; 3. by the election and developement of re-script MSS. is requisite instruments acting on the principle of torsion. of Royal Associates, distinguished by valuable the dexterity of Knittel, Barret, or Mai.

works in various branches of literature ; 4. by I cannot refrain from repeating a hope, shall

the publication of the Society's Transactions; I call it? or a wish, that hereafter the funds May 6.-Mr. Hallam in the chair. A paper 5. by the recital, at the ordinary meetings, of of our Society may be sufficient to employ some was read respecting a spur discovered in Dor- interesting memoirs on history, geography, future Leland for the single purpose of forming setshire ; and the reading of Rich's account of chronology, antiquities, philology, numismatic such collectanea from our public libraries. Ireland was continued. and hieroglyphic literature.

A history of lost, or apparently lost, litera. On Thursday, Hudson Gurney, Esq. in the The council of the Society continue to re- ture, is also a desideratum in the annals of chair. A communication was read respecting ceive valuable communications on these several general learning, which, while it may excite some Roman coins and other antiquities, in subjects, as will appear from the secretary's regret for the loss of many valuable works, cluding a fragment of fine red pottery, found report of the recitals at the ordinary meetings must impress us with gratitude, by comparison near Newcastle. The reading of Rich's account which have been held since the last anniver- with what we do possess, and with wonder that of Ireland was again resumed, in which it sary.

so very few of the pre-eminently best have been was stated that the Irish rebels were much One of the earliest objects of the Society lost, which will be evident from what we know favoured and supported by the disaffected was the hope of contributing to the critical were held to be the best in the days of ArisEnglish, and that there had been an under-improvement of our lexicography. That will totle, Dionysius, and Quintilian. standing between the governor of Ireland and never be perfected till the public are in posses The importance of a chronological view of the Tyrone, through which the latter continued his sion of more ample materials for investigating lost literature of the first four or five centuries criminal proceedings with impunity, while the the formation and progress of our language may be exemplified in its relation to an importgovernor and his family were freed from the than we have at present. I cannot therefore ant event, which, before I conclude this ad. plundering attacks of the rebels ;-that, in fact, omit this opportunity of recommending to the dress, I hope to prove a great historical fact, Tyrone was supplied at the expense of the notice and encouragement of the Society the expressly

asserted by writers of the sixth and government; for many who pretended to be very interesting proposals which have been seventh centuries, but denied by some mo. friends of the government, obtained stores and lately offered to the public (copies of which are dern writers, on the presumption that the ammunition on pretence of guarding their lying on the table) for editing by subscription testimony of writers of the sixth and seventh houses against the attacks of the rebels, and the Wycliffite Versions of the Old Testament; of centuries is of no more weight than the opithen privately conveyed them to Tyrone. which the editors observe, that the language of nion of writers of the nineteenth.

our forefathers may be said to exist entire in In the second century alone, Fabricius enu. ROYAL SOCIETY OF LITERATURE. the Wycliffite versions, and that from them merates between thirty and forty writers whose (A fortnight ago we gave a brief outline of the proceed- may be drawn copious and satisfactory illustra- works are entirely lost, or known only by their

ings at the anniversary meeting of the Royal Society of tions of its formation and progress. 'Its great fragments, besides many treatises of Irenæus, Literature, and have now the pleasure to lay before importance in a religious view, in which the Clemens Alexandrinus, Melito, and Hippolyour readers the Address delivered upon that occasion by public have a general interest, I need not here tus, which are lost. the learned and venerable President, the Lord Bishop enlarge on. In a literary view it will be a Of the third century, Fabricius notices very of Salisbury. His lordship having condescendingly gra- sufficient recommendation of the undertaking numerous lost works of Origen, Methodius, tified us with the MS. from which he read this speech, to the Society, that it will essentially promote and Dionysius Alexandrinus, besides enumewe have it in our power to vouch for the accuracy of a two chartered objects of its institution,--the rating nineteen once celebrated names, whose document, not only interesting to the members of the publication of inedited remains of our ancient works are altogether, or for the most part, lost. Society, but to the whole literary world, and especially literature, and the critical improvement of our Of the fourth century there are several works to Biblical scholars and those who desire to be informed lexicography.

of Eusebius remaining in the libraries inedited, respecting the early planting and preaching of the Chris The learned librarian of the Vatican, who and so far at present lost to the public; and tian faith in these islands. ]

received one of his Majesty's medals of the first there were many considerable works of this THE Society, which his Majesty, in the first year, continues to deserve well of the republic father of ecclesiastical history, of which all are year of his reign, proposed to be instituted for of letters by the additions which his indefati. totally perished but their names; besides seve. the advancement of general literature, has gable researches are making to the general ral other ecclesiastical historians of the fourth now reached the tenth year of its institution, stock of classical and ecclesiastical literature. and later centuries, which are lost. the eighth of its confirmation by the royal sign In our own country, Mr. Lemon will soon deli The view which I have thus taken of the manual, and the sixth of its establishment by ver to the public, under the sanction of the lost literature of the first four centuries may charter. The means of advancing literature commissioners for the publication of state induce us to repress our scepticism and distrust proposed by the Society, and sanctioned by his papers, (from those stores of his Majesty's State as to events of the first century which are Majesty, are described in the charter to be, by Paper Office, which he has brought from a con. asserted by writers of the sixth and seventh the publication of inedited remains of ancient dition of chaos to the most luminous and perfect centuries, who possessed many sources of inliterature, and of such works as may be of arrangement)—the long-expected, important, formation which we do not. The importance great intrinsic value, but not of that popular and interesting documents of the reign of which I attach to such a view of the lost litecharacter which usually claims the attention of Henry VIII.

rature of the primitive church may be exem. publishers by the promotion of discoveries in The British Museum, like all our public plified in its relation to the first introduction literature—by endeavours to fix the standard, | libraries, abounds in inedited materials of an- of Christianity to the British Islands, which is as far as is practicable, and to preserve the cient literature, sufficient to satisfy the curi- expressly ascribed to the great apostle of the purity, of the English language by the criti- osity and to gratify with success the most | Gentiles by writers of the sixth and seventh cal improvement of English lexicography-by ardent and indefatigable philologist. I par. centuries, and circumstantially confirmed by the reading, at public meetings, of interesting ticularise the British Museum, because I have writers of the first, fourth, and fifth centuries. papers on history, philosophy, poetry, philo- been informed by one of its learned librarians, For instance, the founder of ecclesiastical hislogy, and the artsby the publication of such that among the oriental MSS. of Mr. Roch has tory says, in the fourth century, that the Gosof those papers as shall be approved by the been lately discovered a Syriac translation of a pel was preached in the British islands by some Council of the Society--and by the assigning Greek work, the very existence of which had of the apostles. Eusebius derived the mateof honorary rewards to works of great literary | been more than doubted.

rials of his historical knowledge from records


deposited in the library of Jerusalem, provided | Theodoret places Britain s solations ons lots- | Society has sustained, since the anniversary by the munificence of Constantine, and by gãs, and the most remote from Rome of the the year before last, by the death of two of its Alexander, one of its bishops ; a great part of three western provinces, Spain, Gaul, and Bri- most distinguished members one an actual, which has long since perished, or lies concealed tain.

the other an honorary, member--the Archdeain libraries, awaiting the successful researches Whether, therefore, we regard the literal con of Stafford and Dr. Young, who were truly of some indefatigable Mai. In ascertaining, testimony of writers of the sixth and seventh literary characters ; the former eminent for his therefore, the credibility of events aseribed to centuries, or the circumstantial evidence of the learning, piety, taste, general knowledge, and the first century by writers of the fourth, fifth, course and direction of St. Paul's travels after suavity of manners; the other, for great origi. sixth centuries, or of later periods, even where his liberation from his first imprisonment at nal talents, which rendered him a “ maker," no contemporary testimony is extant, we must Rome, or the personal testimony of St. Paul's an inventor, a discoverer_talents which would not forget that they may have possessed autho- fellow-traveller to the extent of the apostle's have done credit to any reward or all the re. rities once known to have been extant, but travels in the west, we appear to have every wards which the Society could have conferred now lost or not known to us. When, there- thing necessary to constitute an historical proof upon him, had he lives to partake of them; fore, we apply this criterion to the testimony that St. Paul preached the Gospel in the Brit. the former having been, by his presence and of a Latin writer of the sixth century, and to ish Islands.

counsel at our constituent meetings, very in. a Greek of the seventh, and another of the It may not be uninteresting to add, that we strumental in the formation of the Society; fourteenth, who assert that St. Paul preached possess in the British Museum the original the latter, by his peculiar skill in the developethe Gospel in the British Islands, we might | MS. from which this most valuable monument ment of the hieroglyphic characters, enabling not unreasonably allow them the credit of hav- of Christian antiquity, on which I have been the Society to give effect to the first of its ing had adequate and express authority for laying so much stress, was first printed ; that chartered objects the publication of inedited their assertion, even if no such authority were it is, probably, a MS. of the fourth century, remains of ancient literature. now extant; for they assert no more than is being a part of the MS. volume which contains almost necessarily involved in the general tes the celebrated Codex Alexandrinus ;-MSS. timony of Eusebius. For if the Gospel was which carry with them this additional interest, The great interest which must attach to M. preached, as he affirms, in the British Islands that they reduce the inquiry into the truth of Champollion's labours leads me to think that by some of the apostles, the apostle of the Gen- Christianity to the narrow compass of four the following slight sketch of the results of his tiles, who was personally commissioned to carry centuries, making us, as it were, contempora- late expedition to Egypt may not be altogether salvation to the ends of the earth, we might ries of Eusebius, and Jerome, and Augustine, unacceptable. At a meeting of the Société du venture to conclude must have been one of in an age not more distant from the first days Bulletin Universel, which took place on Tuesthem. But we are not confined to the proba- of Christianity than the reign of Henry VII. day the 20th, under the presidency of the Duc bility of this almost unavoidable inference; for from the present time.

de Dondeauville, M. Champollion, who is one when two very learned writers of the fourth But, to return from this digression, let us of its members, gave an account of his discove. and fifth centuries, Jerome and Theodoret, submit this historical fact, as I now presume ries, and displayed some hundreds of drawings affirm of St. Paul, that after his release from to call St. Paul's preaching in Britain, to what made under his inspection. These, however, his first imprisonment at Rome, he preached is sometimes found to be a more rigorous crite- form but a small part of his collection. He the Gospel in the west, and went to Italy, and rion than any external evidence ; I mean the spoke in the highest terms of the zeal of the Spain, and other nations, even from ocean to internal probability and practicability of the artists who accompanied him; and the beauocean, and carried salvation to islands in the fact its consistency or inconsistency with the tiful execution of the drawings sufficiently ocean,-we cannot doubt that so circumstan- character and the commission of the apostle, and testified their ability. M. Champollion consitial an account of St. Paul's travels by such with the public circumstances of the Roman ders that the subject of Egyptian architecture writers as Jerome and Theodoret, was founded emperor in the apostolic age. The historian has been completely exhausted by the draughts. on authentic documents, knowing, as we do, of the Acts of the Apostles informs us, in the men and savans under Denon; he has there. that many historical authorities were extant in words of St. Paul, that it was his special com- fore confined himself to the examination of the their times, which are now lost. Irenæus, who mission to carry salvation to the ends of the bas-reliefs and paintings with which the extewas born before the death of St. John, says the earth ; and the purpose of his final commission, rior of the Egyptian buildings, and the interior apostle went to the ends of the earth - iws when in the west, at Rome, at the close of his of the tombs, are so richly decorated. These are Tripatwy Tm5 yas, an expression which the an- first imprisonment, was, “ that the Gospel all situated below the second cataract; beyond it cients usually applied to the west, as we see by might be fully preached by him, and that all the structures are uninteresting. He dwelt on Hesychius's interpretation of Homer's rugata the Gentiles might hear.” When he was the fact, that the tombs were ornamented with gains by the duon. Irenæus, in his expression charged with this final commission, he had figures, explanatory of the calling or actions of Sws Tigatwv The gas, evidently alluded to the preached the Gospel very extensively in the their inmates. Thus, on that of the veterinary commission which St. Paul received to carry east, and had finally taken his leave of those surgeon is exhibited a sick ox shewing his salvation to the ends of the earth, ims so yatov parts. There was nothing in the extent of a tongue, while medicine is administered to ens yns.

journey from Rome to the end of the west to another. The king's butler caused all the So far nothing seems to be wanting to a full deter even an ordinary traveller, and still less vessels of gold, silver, and enamel, which were historical proof that St. Paul preached the could it present any impediment to him who once in his custody, to be sculptured on his Gospel in Britain, but the authority of a con- laboured more abundantly than the rest of the tomb. Nothing can exceed the beauty of temporary witness; and that authority we apostles; and the state of the Roman empire shape, and richness of ornament, shewn in the have in the testimony of Clemens Romanus, was singularly favourable to the propagation of vases and pateræ. Many are drawn with who was the fellow-traveller of St. Paul, and had the Gospel to the end of the west : for at that bunches of fowers, to shew the purpose for therefore the best possible means of knowing time, says Gibbon, “ the public highways, which they were used. These of course rather the truth of what he asserted. Clemens, then, which had been constructed for the use of the injure the effect ; but so perfect is the taste says, in his first and genuine epistle to the legions, opened an easy passage for the Chris. both of the form and the ornaments, that Corinthians, that St. Paul was a preacher oftian missionaries from Damascus to Corinth, they might be thought to belong to the best the word, unguě tou aoyou, in the east and in the and from Italy to the extremity of Spain or times of Grecian art. The machine for raising west, and that he went to the end of the west, Britain.”

water, the process of purifying it with bitter επι το τερμα της δυσεως. Such being the direct For trespassing so long on your patience in almonds, angling with rod and line, are repretestimony of Clemens, we have only to ascer- detailing what appears to me satisfactory evi. sented exactly as they are practised in Egypt tain what is meant by the expression to Tigechendence of an event most interesting to us as to this very day. and what country in the time of Clemens was Christians, as Englishmen, as Protestants, per: Next came a marvellous variety of animals called the end of the west. One of the highest sonally identified with the ministry of St. Paul and birds, painted with amazing exactness. Greek grammatical authorities, Hesychius, in- by writers of the first, the sixth, and seventh The camelopard, different sorts of antelopes, a terprets Teguce by Tinos and somutoy, the end, the centuries, and circumstantially confirmed by deer, elephants, hippopotami, a nondescript extremity of any thing. We cannot therefore grave and learned historians of the fourth and resembling the kangaroo, various sorts of geese, be mistaken in translating to rsque ens duoews, fifth century--I trust that I need make no and the famous ibis. M. Champollion hopes, the end, the extremity of the west ; nor in apology, especially as it may be the last time by the production of this drawing, to settle applying the expression to Britain, if we recol. that I may have the honour of addressing you the long-disputed question concerning this lect that Britain is called by Catullus ultima at an anniversary meeting from this chair. bird. It appeared to me to be of the stork occidentis insula ; and its inhabitants, by Horace, I must not, however, close this address with. tribe, of moderate size, with pencilled plumage, ultimos orbis Britannos. At a later period, Jout noticing the much lamented loss which the brown and white.

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