Science, Action, and Reality

Portada
Springer Science & Business Media, 30 sep. 1985 - 274 páginas
Were one to characterize the aims of this book ambitiously, it could be said to sketch the philosophical foundations or underpinnings of the scientific world view or, better, of the scientific conception of the world. In any case, it develops a comprehensive philosophical view, one which takes science seri ously as the best method for getting to know the ontological aspects of the world. This view is a kind of scientific realism - causal internal realism, as it is dubbed in the book. This brand of realism is "tough" in matters of ontology but "soft" in matters of semantics and epistemology. An ancestor of the book was published in Finnish under the title Tiede, toiminta ja todellisuus (Gaudeamus, 1983). That book is a shortish undergraduate-level monograph. However, as some research-level chapters have been added, the present book is perhaps best regarded as suited for more advanced readers. I completed the book while my stay at the University of Wisconsin in Madison as a Visiting Professor under the Exchange Program between the Universities of Wisconsin and Helsinki. I gratefully acknowledge this support. I also wish to thank Juhani Saalo and Martti Kuokkanen for comments on the manuscript and for editorial help. Dr Matti Sintonen translated the Finnish ancestor of this book into English, to be used as a partial basis for this work. His translation was supported by a grant from Suomalaisen kirjallisuuden edistamisvarat. Finally, and as usual, I wish to thank Mrs.
 

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Índice

PHILOSOPHY AND TRANSCENDENTAL THINKING
1
THE MANIFEST IMAGE AND THE SCIENTIFIC IMAGE
10
II The Stereoscopic View of the World
14
THE MYTH OF THE GIVEN WORLD KNOWLEDGE AND LANGUAGE
22
II What is Wrong with the Myth?
26
SCIENTIFIC REALISM SCIENCES OWN PHILOSOPHY
37
II General Arguments for Scientific Realism
40
APPENDIX ON QUANTUM MECHANICS BELLS INEQUALITIES AND SCIENTIFIC REALISM
52
SOCIAL ACTION AND SYSTEMS THEORY
141
II Weintentions and Social Action
146
III Joint Action and Systems Theory
151
THE GROWTH OF SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE
168
II A Pragmatic Account of Scientific Explanation
172
III What Is Best Explanation?
175
IV Inductive Logic Epistemic Truth and Best Explanation
189
V Scientific Realism and the Growth of Science
200

METHODOLOGICAL ARGUMENTS FOR SCIENTIFIC REALISM
65
II Theoretical Concepts Within Inductive Systematization
77
III Quantificational Depth and the Methodological Usefulness of Theoretical Concepts
80
IV A Scientific Realists View of the Role of Theoretical Concepts
87
INTERNAL REALISM
95
II Causal Internal Realism
106
III Picturing
115
SCIENCE AS THE MEASURE OF WHAT THERE IS
124
II Ontology and the scope of the scientia mensura thesis
129
SCIENCE PRESCIENCE AND PSEUDOSCIENCE
210
II Science and Prescience
215
III Magic and Religion
220
IV Pseudoscience
226
NOTES
236
BIBLIOGRAPHY
257
NAME INDEX
267
SUBJECT INDEX
271
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