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fuch as no other performer ever received, or as an effect of an exchange of contitution between the fexes, may hereafter be attended with very ferious confequences. Let thofe ladies look to this who have found a good fit car ried off by a new carriage or a diamond necklace, and henceforth guard the invaluable privilege of hyftericks again the mafculine intruder.
The lat advantage I hall advert to on this occafion is, the experience in military affairs which may be derived from the pretent hurricane. We may fee hence the advantage of troops actin in a body. Small corp of men, however brave, can effect no great purple; and if they are not frequentI brought together, and difciplined in a body, there will be so many varieties in their manner as wholly to difcompofe them in the day of battle. But let us look to the effect when pit, box, and gallery, were brigaded: we are told that bolts, bars, guards, and confiables," could fearce reprefs their fury. I trust there has been nothing on the French theatre to inure them to this fpecies of difcipline. We hear even that one young gentleman provided hun elf with a pair of pistols. This was, perhaps, going too far; but in his excufe it may be faid, that he was taken with the grand, awful, tremendous accounts he read in the papers, as to determine to "fuit the word to the action, and the action to the word."
My correfpondent will perceive that I have now devoted nearly the whole of my paper to the fubject of his requeft; and I hope he will be at no Jofs to understand my meaning, al though I feel at prefent but very flight Tymptoms of the prevailing diffemper. I am happy, however, to inform The-. atricus, and perhaps other perfons who may think fuch matters, at this time beneath their attention, that as yet no remarkable change has taken place in public affairs, notwithfanding the reprefentations of the new papers. In France, for example, it does not Appear that the n new Emperor pofiponed his coronation becaufe it would appear an affair of no confequence in the eyes of the English nation. The Courts of St. Petersburg, Vienna, and Berlin, have not been fo fenfibly af, fected by firength of metaphor in our new papers as to inflruct their ambaffadors on the fubject; and there is even fome reafon to think that the fei
zure of Sir George Rumbold has oc-
(which, indeed, is the caufe of Hu-. manity), like every other caufe, may be equally injured by its injudicious friends as by its declared opponents; and the inftance juft related, with o thers of recent occurrence, remind me of the faying of a fagacious obferver, which Vaccination, perfonified, may very properly adopt on this occafion; Save me from my friends; I'll take care of my enemies myself."
It is fcarcely neceffary to obferve, that the public attention has of late different been powerfully recalled to the fub
ters of perfons having been afflicted with Small pox, who were fuppofed to have been rendered fafe from its attack by means of Vaccine Inoculation; and that the impreftion of fuch accounts has been accompanied, as might be expected, with no ímall degree of alarm and anxiety. On this occafion, while every fincere and fober friend of Science and of Humanity will patiently and chearfully attend the examinations and the inveligations which are called for by fuch occurrences, opportunities are afforded for two forts of mifreprefentations, of which it is perhaps difficult to point out the most injurious.
ber of a Society to publifh papers which might happen to be read at a meeting when he was prefent, but which the Society itfelf neither directed nor defigned for publication. My question arofe from what appeared to me a very improper communication of a "REPORT" delivered by another gentleman and myself to the Medical Council of the Royal Jennerian Society, on a fubject which we had been deputed to investigate; and inferted with a letter figned "A-GoVERNOR," in your relpectable Mic cellany for September lat. It is very poffible that the author may deferve the praife of meaning well, in this, exhibition of his zeal in the cause of On the one hand, the zealous but Vaccination; and it is certain that ill-judging friends of Vaccination are your indulgence of his purpofe entitles fo eager to refute the opinions of those you to his thanks, without at all com- who entertain different views of the mitting you to an approbation of it. fubject from themfelves, that they On the fame indulgence, and allow publifh to the world, as acknowledged ing the fame refervations on your part, facts, thofe reprefentations which are I hall rely for obtaining a place, in haftily taken up, in compliance more your next Magazine, for my remonwith their wishes than their judgment; france again all fuch unauthorised or, what is ftill worle, they treat with and improper communications ; a most unbecoming iliiberality, not to particularly against that above men- fay abufe, the perfons who have contioned, in which not only the right tributed to the difcuflion by the comand authority of the Society are in- munication of cafes which by them vaded, but the names of the parties were deemed too important to the concerned 66 in the Report" are public welfare to be paffed over in brought forward, without their know- filence. On the other hand, fome who ledge or confent. I have the affurance molt unaccountably, and in oppofition of my colleague in this affair, that to the frongest evidence, have retained the publication was equally without their prejudices against a difcovery, concurrence as my own; and I. which, to lay the leat of it, has held am equally certain that the Society as out the faireft promife of molt impora body knows nothing of it, though it tant benefits to mankind, have feized, is obvious that the Author muft have with a most unbecoming avidity, on had access to the minutes, fince no a few cafes, the precife nature of which one could be fuppofed to carry away was yet undetermined, to found upon verbatim, in his memory, the contents them a reprefentation of the whole of fuch a paper, from its being cur- fubject, tending, as far as it is adforily read at a quarterly meeting. mitted, to deftroy the confidence with The caufe of Vaccination, Mr. Urban, which Vaccine Inoculation has already
been fo extenfively received, and which it has fo amply juflified and rewarded. Withing, Mr. Urbau, that fome notice might be taken of the cafes which have given occafion to thefe reports, not merely amongft the medical profellion, where they are fure of meeting with ample difenfion, but in fome of the molt eftablished and extenfive channels of intelligence for general information; and not having yet feen any thing of this kind offered to the publick; I fhall take the liberty of adding a few remarks in your widely circulating Magazine.
Some of the cafes of fuppofed Small Pox after Cow Pox have been laid before the publick by medical practitioners. Of the real import of the cafes every reader may not feel him felf competent to judge; and his difficulty will not be leflened by obferving how widely the writers themfelves, both men of profeffional refpectability, diffent from each other in the conclufions they derive from. them; although there is the most firiking refemblance in the cafes then felves: It is really curious to obferve, that, from premiles fo nearly alike, the ingenuity of thefe gentlemen contrives to extract inferences diametri cally oppofite; the one* affirming that the prefervative power of Vaccination. is completely fupported; the other that it is demonftrated to be only of temporary efficacy: a fironger proof will hardly be defired of the intrinfic ambiguity of the cafes themselves, or of the force of prepoffellion on the minds of the perfons thus reafoning upon them. A large proportion of them indeed are allowed, even by the latter gentlemant, who is by no means difpofed to concede any thing in favour of the Vaccine practice, to be in themselves of fo doubtful a nature, that they could not have been adduced or relied upon as evidence if they had not been fupported by a few others of a more decifive complexion. Of thefe few, moreover, it is impollible not to remark, that, admitting them in all their force, their telimony, when coinpared with the immenfe mafs of facts directly oppofed to them, is extremely trifling in its amount, and in its nature fuch as may jufdly awaken a fufpicion of the accuracy of the obfervations on which it is founded. The
beft, if not the only proper answer to them, has already been made, by fhewing the oppofite refults of a feries of judicious experiments to prove the points at ifiue: and, if every Societywhich difpenfes gratuitous Inoculation, and every individual accord ing to their respective opportunities, would follow this example, the perma nency of the fecurity afforded by the Vaccine Inoculation would in procels of time be fully afceriained..
The cafes in Fulwood's Rents, which have lately excited fo niuch intereft in the public mind, and efpecially in the Metropolis, have been made the occafion of both kinds of mifreprefentation glued to in the former part of my By fome they were haftily and confidently pronounced to be cafes of Chicken Pox; and thofe who refufed to fubfcribe to this opinion were falfely and impudently charged with the moft difingenuous behaviour, in refufing to: be convinced of their fuppofed errors. By others, they have been exhibited to the publick as undeniable proofs of the inefficacy of Vaccination as a preventative of Small Pox. A writer in the Times, of the Sd of October, difcovered a moft earneli folicitude to make this impreflion on the public mind; and in a moft artful and unwarrantable manner adduced the names of no lefs than feventy-two medical gentlemen, who happened to be known merely from the circumftance of their having vifited the children, (and few, if any, of whom had given any opinion of the cafes whatever), and placed them at the bottom of his flatement, as if they had been real fignatures to his repre fentation. I am forry to add that the Editor of that Newfpaper contributed. his part to the attempted impofition, by declining the infertion of fome remarks upon this communication in which the difingenuous conduct of the author, was corrected and expofed. Thefe remarks, therefore, were afterwards pub lifhed in the Morning Chronicle of the 5th of November. In the mean time,, the cafes themfelves have undergone a very careful inveftigation by a Medical Committee formed for the purpofe,
Vide a Statement of Evidence, &c. by the Phyficians of the Vaccine Fock Inftitution.
§ See an opprobrious advertisement in the laft page of the Medical and Phyfical Journal, published on the ift of October..
appeared in the Morning Chronicle of the 12th ult. To thefe I may poffibly add fome farther remarks on the prefent ftate of the fubject of Vaccine Inoculation, and its title to the undiminished confidence of an enlightened publick, as affording at once the benefit of individual fecurity against the ravages of our domefticated peftilence, and the means of extirpating it altogether from the face of the earth.
Yours, &c. J. ADDINGTON.
Mr. URBAN, Tower of London, Nov.12. Ta time when our numerous Vo
lunteers, who have fo gallantly Blocked around the ftandard of our beloved country, are supposed to stand in need of nothing but actual fervice to perfect them, as deferving the high name of Soldiers;" the following anecdote of aflonifhing attention to mi litary etiquette, in a Ruffian centinel, will, I hope, prove acceptable.
and a faithful account of all the circumftances connected with them has lately been laid before the publick, in their" REPORT." Let it be admitted, as in one at leaft of the cafes recorded in this publication, that in here and there an individual inftance, one, for inftance, in ten or twenty thousand, and from canles not yet afcertained, the prefervative power of Vaccination fails of its full and perfect influence on the human confiitution; what are we to conclude? That the whole practice is founded on mistake and error? That thoufands and millions of experiments and obfervations, conducted by medical practitioners and others in every part of the world with the utmoft caution, and reforting to the fevereft tefts that could poflibly be contrived, have been but fo many illufions? That the combined experience and teftimony, not of individuals and families alone, but of towns and cities, yea, of whole provinces and kingdoms, are lefs worthy of confidence than the vague opinion of a few feeptics, who, as if afraid of being convinced of a fact which is oppofed to their particular fyftems of Pathology, have either flood aloof from the enquiry altogether, e por fatisfied them felves with the ru demours of a few ill-conducted and unfuccefsful cafes? To what an abfurdity in reafoning would this reduce us? Surely, Mr. Urban, the only rational conclufion is, that fuch cales are merely exceptions to the general rule; and that they depend upon fome unexplained peculiarity either in the conftitution of the patients, or in the Vaccine procefs. In this there is nothing extraordinary. The fame thing happens in the inoculation of Small Pox, to which our opponents fill with us to adhere. And is it to be expected that the preventative power of CowPox fhould be ever greater than that of Small Pox itfelf? Are not the advantages of its fuperior mildnefs and uncontageous nature fully fufficient to obtain our preference, if in point of fecurity the ground we occupy should be exactly the fame? I have already taken up too much of your attention to enter into a detail of cafes of Small Pox occurring a fecond time to the fame perfon, both in the natural way and after inoculation. In your next Magazine I fhall beg permiflion to lay before the publick feveral infiances of this kind, which, indeed, have already
"In the year 1777, an inundation took place unexpectedly at Petersburg, at the time the Emprefs was there. The centinel before the palace-gate be ing obferved by her Imperial Majelly to remain at his poft, fhe called out to him from the balcony of her apartment, to take fhelter in the palace. This he refufed to do; fhe then afked whether he knew who it was that fpoke to him he answered in the affirmative; but added, that none but his corporal could relieve him. The waters ftill increafed, and feveral meffages were fent to him from the Emprefs; but he ftill perfilled in his former refolution. It was, therefore, at length neceffary, in order to fave the life of the centinel, to awaken the corporal, who was afleep in the guard-houfe, who was obliged almoft to fwim to the relief of this honeft fellow, who, by this time, had only his head and fhoulders above water, and would quietly have fuffered himself to have been drowned by the fill increafing inundation, rather than quit his poft, notwithstanding the repeated orders of his Sovereign."
This anecdote was taken verbatim from the mouth of an officer refident at that time at Petersburg, who received it from an eye-witness of the tranfaction, and mentioned it in fuch a manner as to leave the veracity of it unquestionable. Should you think it deferving a corner in your Magazine, it will confer a favour on
Mr. URBAN, Wefterham, Nov. 27. HE commencement and the clofe
face of time
of by which human life is meafured, are periods of very ferious confideration to a reflecting mind; they call forth a retrospective view of the years that are paft, and command an ideal profpect of thofe which are to come. The most interefting objects which the former view produces are commonly thofe of the dear connexions which death has diffolved; ourfelves and our furviving relatives, fituations and purfuits, principally create the interest of the present and future fcenes; I do not mean to the exclufion of the more extenfive claims of humanity and focial life, for true felf-love and focial are the fume." At the clofe of the laft year I fent you a Retrospect of fome of my days which are gone; thofe early days on which the mind delights to dwell; and it is ftill my intention to continue the fubject; but I have not yet advanced another ftep from the point I ftopped at. The winter evenings are my favorite times for compofition; but it would be an interruption rather than an increafe to thofe "Fire-fide enjoyments" molt congenial to may nature, to fit writing, inftead of reading or converfing with my family: in their occafional abfence, I fill up with this employment fome folitary hours, and find it a gratification to the pureft feelings, and an improvement of the best difpofitions of the heart; and having this tendency, I truft, with regard to others, I ftand acquitted to myfelf, and, I hope, alfo to the publick and to you, for prefuming to offer thefe little compofitions to their notice through the medium of your judicious luable Selections.
On Sunday the 25th inft. I attended, as ufual, the morning fervice in my párifh church; and, the weather being wet, I pafled the afternoon and evening at home alone. I have publicly declared my difapprobation of ufing the Liturgy at home; but it does not fol low that on there occafions I omit all private devotions, or object to the perufal of the Holy Scriptures: a part, however, of the time was paffed in indulging a tender and mournful remembrance of a child I loft in his infancy, who died on that day thirteen years ago. When I fav a mournful remembrance, it is wholly confined to the recollection of the fuffering, dying
infunt; for I fhall always commemo happiest, renewal of thofe unfeigned rate the day of his departure with the
thanks which are expreffed in the fo lemn office of interment, that it hath pleafed Almighty God to deliver him out of the miferies of this finful world." You inferted, in vol. LXVI. p. 775, the lines I wrote on that occafion, from the impreffion of the moment; I fub join, as a fequel*, what I have now written in commemoration. W.B.
Mr. URBAN, London, Dec. 10. from the perufal of the excellent. HAVE received great fatisfaction life and remarks prefixed to the cor refpondence of Samuel Richardfon, by Mrs. Barbauld; but there is one dif ficulty I wish to have cleared up. Speaking of Aaron Hill, Mrs. B. Mys,
He wrote feveral plays, &c. vet is better known to moft readers of the prefent day by the lines Pope beflow. ed upon him in the Dunciad, than by his own Works +." Not remembering in what part of that Poem this Author is mentioned, but from Mrs. Barbauld's expreffion being led to fuppofe that Hill must be particularly noticed, have gone through the four Books the Dunciad, but could find him no where mentioned by nume, nor, indeed, did I meet with any paflage which I thought applicable to him. I fhall be obliged to any of your Correfpondents to fatisfy me on this point, and like wife to favour me with fome informa tion on the caufes of the enmity which apparently fubfifted between him and Pope.. Yours, &c.
Dec. 10. Tfor me time paft, with the HE public Prints have been filled, praifes of the young Rofcius, as it is the fafhion to call the boy who is drawing crowds to our London Theatres. The moft extravagant accounts are given of his talents and acquirements as an Actor; fuch accounts as nothing. fhort of a miracle could reconcile to truth, as an English people only for a moment credit, and as, in the end, will defeat the porpofe for which they are evidently given; fince they must teud to raile the expectation of people 100 high, and fo make them more fenfible than they could otherwife be to the Performer's defects.
*See our Puetical Department, p.1146, Life of Mr. Richardfon, p. 192. What