Imágenes de página

“ Under such circumstances, had we, from

any absurd or fastidious scruples, rejected their assistance, it would have been holding out a premium for their turning against us; for, as an Indian chief lately observed, there is no such word in their language as neutral. They understand not its meaning--they know only of friend or foe. But an unanswerable argument is, that we and the Indians are not attacking American rights, but defending our own—we seek not the unnatural foe, but he comes in many cases above one thousand miles,) to invade and enslave both of us. By what law, therefore, of God or man, are we to be prevented from employing those who have so deep a common interest in our defence ? and especially as we are at three thousand miles' distance from the mother country, which unhappily has been temporally blinded by American cunning and hypocrisy, whereby, for a time, the Canadas have been left exposed to the attack of a population, of ten times their numbers.

The Americans affect to reprobate the Indian mode of warfare ; but look at their own practice, which will be seen in General Hull's exterminating proclamation, and in General Smyth's offering a price for the spoils of each Indian killed ; and further, in the fact, that the first scalp, this war, was taken by an American scout, at the river Canard, near Amherstburg. Look also at all the American Newspapers, from Ohio to Georgia, wherein will be seen stated, as matters of course, the burning of Indian villages and coru-fields, wherein they boast that sick and wounded Indians were consumed and that so many scalps were brought away as trophies.---The house of a Kentucky man is generally ornamented with some Indian scalps. The American back-woods men go to hunt Indians, as if they were wild beasts.

The Americans, in their public capacity, behave with equal injus. tice. Governor Harrison, in 1811, with an army, went across the Indian line fixed BY SOLEMN TREATY, without any previous notification, to attack the Prophet's town, which he burnt, after, however, being made to pay dearly for his treachery.

Admitting, however, there may be some instances of the massacre of a fainily by Indians, it will be generally found to have been such as had encroached upon their territory, established by treaty :--but what comparison, in point of atrocity, is there between such, and the deliberate purpose of extermination, which is evinced by the burning of indian villages and corn-fields, and driving tribes from their hunting grounds ? To aim at starving or expatriating a whole people, is surely more heinous tban killing a few individuals. American encroachments


are not confined to one quarter. They extend to the Floridas, where a scene of peculiar and unblushing villainy has been exhibited.

“ As to the Americans practising what they affect to reprobate, it might be sufficient to rest the proof thereof upon the fact that scalping knives and tomahawks form part of the equipments of the western militia, and that the cartridges of all their soldiers, regulars, and others, are made up with one ball and three buck shot.

“ In their account of the late incursion into Lower Canada by Colonel Pyke, one of their regular officers, some of their letters state, that they burnt a hut occupied as a guard house, at Odle town, wherein they boast of consuming four or five Indians, whose bones they pretended to have found amongst the embers. This was false, as the whole escaped; but it proves the American practice, mịnd, and feeling, as strongly as if it had been true.

“ It is a memorable fact, that since the commencement of the war, NO CRUELTY HAS BEEN COMMITTED BY THE INDIANS; but, on the contrary, at Michilimakinac, Detroit, Upper and Lower Canada, they have been confined within the strictest bounds of humanity and moderation, although previously threatened by General Hull with no quarter. And nothing can more strongly evince the duplicity and want of candor in the American character than this further fact, that none of those who owed their lives to Indian forbearance, under the guidance of British humanity, have ever had the bonesty, publicly to acknowledge the fact, or to publish a contradiction to the barefaced falsehoods daily circulated in the American democratic papers, (including the government paper, the National Intelligencer,) about cruelties committed by Indians, under British excitements. And although thousands of American militia-men have, after capture, been suffered immediately to return home; yet, in no instance has a Canadian militia-man, in either

! It is with peculiar satisfaction we find our Indian allies, notwith standing the wrongs they have suffered, still pursuing the same line of conduct, in proof of which we quote the letter from Major-general P. Riall, to Lieutenant-general Drummond, dated Niagara Frontier, Fort Erie, 1st January 1814. See the London Gazette, 26th February 1814.

“ Lieutenant-Colonel Elliot in this, as well as on other occasions, is entitled to my highest commendations, for his zeal and activity as superintendant of the INDIAN department; and I am happy to add, that through his exertions, and that of his officers, no act of cruelty, as far as I could learn, was committed by the Indians towards any of their prisoners."

province, who had been made a prisoner by the Americans, (whereof, thank God, the whole number is short of one hundred,) been released, before he was regularly, but with difficulty, exchanged; and before being marched, in some instances, several hundred miles, through their country, as if for a show.'

“ As a sample of American humanity, it also should be known, that on the third attempt at invasion in Upper Canada, below Fort Erie, on the 28th of November last, when they had a trifling temporary success, wherein Lieutenant King, of the royal artillery, and Lieutenant Lamont, of the 49th regiment, were both severely wounded, and made prisoners by the Americans; they were, at the risk of their lives, sent over to the American side :' although at Queenston, the wounded Americans, who were made prisoners by us in great numbers on our side of the river, were allowed to be sent across to their countrymen, an armistice being granted for that purpose. And as further samples, their firing red hot shot at the open town of Newark, on the British side, whereby private houses were burnt; and their setting fire to private houses and stores by their soldiers, below (and at) Fort Erie, are conspicuous.

“ In one of General Smyth’s famous proclamations, he says, that, on his entering Canada, persons and property should be protected, as far as the imperious necessities of his army would allow. In plain English, - there was to be no limit to plunder, but their wants; and, at Sandwich, General Hull gave a specimen of their thirst for pillage, his promises of protection notwithstanding. It is said that the plunder of Montreal was offered as a stimulus to the militia to volunteer crossing

1 In a very recent instance, the Americans at New-London claimed from one of the British naval officers commanding on the station an American citizen, who was said to have been made a prisoner by Ilis Majesty's forces, although not a military man; it however appeared, afterwards, that he had been employed as a Torpedo-man. The conduct of the Americans in this instance is very conspicuous, as it is well known, that from the district of Niagara alone, they have carried off about fifty men who were Civilians, and had not taken up arms during the war. Many of them above sixty years of age, were dragged from their fields and houses, and are now kept in rigorous confinement in American prisons; though, on the occupation of that district by the American army, the inhabitants were requested by their commander-in-chief to remain quietly at their homes, and that they should be by him protected! Thus, lulling the unwary and helpless inte security, who might otherwise have avoided falling into their power.

2 In consequence of which Lieutenant King died.

[ocr errors]

the line on the late occasion; which is highly probable, as it had long
been a common boast amongst the Vermont democrats, that they would
take Montreal at their own expense, if they should be allowed the
plunder of it. They have got some lessons about invasions that will
at least check, if they cannot wholly cure, their enipty boasting in time.
to come,

“Of the effrontery of the American government, can any thing more in point be adduced than this ? that at the time they were making so much noise about one Henry being employed by Sir James Craig (although merely to obtain information about their designs upon Canada), they were then, and have been since, actively employing agents and spies to corrupt and mould the people of the Canadas to their views, by organizing a system of treason and opposition to the provincial governments, and in procuring information in contemplation 'of their invasion and conquest of these provinces. Witness the traitor

who had been some years engaged in such practices, but who, unfortunately for us, escaped from Upper Canada, and avoided his merited fate, when Detroit was captured, by escaping in disguise.

was one of many, but the proofs of his guilt are the strongest. Another instance of that effrontery will be found in Hull's proclamation, which was coined for him at Washington, wherein is held forth a public invitation to the people of Upper Canada, to rebel against their government. Yet to read the American accusations against the British government, people at a distance would suppose the Americans to be most delicately scrupulous, and possessing the very milk of human kindness; but it is a duty to unmask and show them in their real character. Happily their plans of conquest, although long premeditated, and urged on by the mean, additional stimulus, of considering us corrupted, unprepared, and unprotected, have produced to them nothing but disgrace.

“The people of the Canadas, in spite of the arts used to deceive them, have nobly done their duty to their king and country. What spectacle can be more gratifying to the mother country, than to see that her faithful colonies, although invaded, as it were by surprise, and , at a time when the government at home was palsied by American hypocrisy and cunning, in making delusive proposals about peace, and when the American government knew, that the nation had their hands full in combating the enemy of mankind, have yet, under all these disadvantages, been able so gloriously to resist, with effect, the treacherous foes aided only by a peace establishment of regular troops, consisting,

it is true, of heroes, but from necessity dispersed in small bands (to form points of support upon a line of immense length), and by our brave Indian allies?

Surely THE MOTHER COUNTRY will, this spring, step {forth as becomes her, for the deliverance of colonies inhabited by people so meritorious, and rendered (independent of their intrinsic value to the nation, which is very great,) doubly interesting from containing those loyalists and their descendants, who, by having sacrificed their all in the American rebellion, for attachment to their king and country, are still relentlessly pursued by American ambition, as objects of pillage and extermination; and which also contain a brave population, partly British born, but the greater proportion descended from our uncient rivals, who, in linking their fortunes with those loyalists and native Britons, emulate their exertions for the common defence, and spurn at the insidious offers of American fraternization. And further, that she will step forth for the deliverance, from American domination and injustice, OF THOSE FAITHFUL INDIANS, who have the strongest claims upon our national justice, honor, and humanity. Indeed, the claims of all seem paramount, and a stronger combination for action cannot be conceived; therefore none can doubt of the national efforts being proportionate.

“ It may be asked, what injuries have the Indians who inhabit the country, without the British territory, sustained from the Americans, which can justify the inveterate antipathy which has produced so many Indian wars, and which have excited those apprehensions of extermination, so generally entertained by the Aborigines? In the number of those injuries and wrongs are the following, as mentioned in substance by the sagacious Tecumsecth, in his interesting interview with the lamented and brave General Brock, whom he came to see, and aid in his expedition to repel Hull's invasion of Upper Canada :

First, The Americans systematically encroach upon their lands, and drive them from their hunting grounds.

Second, The American government make fraudulent purchases of their lands, from Indians who liave no right or power to sell: as, for example, by getting a few insignificant members of a village to make a sale, to color usurpation.

Third, The American government in many instances have paid the Indians only one farthing an acre for lands which they sold immediately afterwards for six dollars ; thereby deriving a most produc

« AnteriorContinuar »